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BICOL UNIVERSITY TABACO CAMPUS TABACO CITY

MARY ROSE THERESA C. BONAFE STUDENT PROF.LOIDA TADURAN PROFESSOR

NAME

DISCOVERY

MASS

DISTANCE FROM THE SUN

PERIOD OF ROTATION

PERIOD OF REVOLUTION

CHARACTERISTICS

MERCURY The earliest known recorded observations of Mercury are from the Mul.Apin tablets. These observations were most likely made by anAssyrian astronomer around the 14th century BC.[93] The cuneiform name used to designate Mercury on the Mul.Apin tablets is transcribed as Udu.Idim.Gu\u4.Ud ("the jumping planet").

23 3.30x10 kg.

58 MILLION KM.

58 DAYS &15 MINS.

87.97 DAYS

Closest planet to the sun.Named after the fleet footed messenger of the gods.Airless,no significant atmosphere to hold the heat.Smallest planet covered with mountains,craters,ridges & valleys.

VENUS

Venus was known to ancient civilizations both as the "morning star" and as the "evening star", names that reflect the early understanding that these were two separate objects. The Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa, dated 1581 BC, shows that the Babylonians understood that the two were a single object, referred to in the tablet as the "bright queen of the sky," and could support this view with detailed observations.

108 MILLION KM.

243 DAYS &24 MINS.

224.7 DAYS

Same size as the earth,brightest object in our sky besides the sun and the moon.No satellites.Has thick atmosphere made of carbon dioxide and sulfuric acid rain.

EARTH

Earth, of course, can be studied without the aid of spacecraft. Nevertheless it was not until the twentieth century that we had maps of the entire planet.

150 MILLION KM.

23 HRS.& 56 DAYS

365.27 DAYS

The only planet that is known to support life.Has solid core of iron surrounded by a field that helps protect life.It has a single moon the MOON.

MARS

Johann Heinrich Mdler and Wilhelm Beer were the first "areographers". They began by establishing that most of Mars surface features were permanent, and more precisely determining the planet's rotation period. In 1840, Mdler combined ten years of observations and drew the first map of Mars.

228 MILLION KM.

24HRS. & 37 MINS.

686.98 DAYS

Second smallest planet in the solar system.It is so called the red the planet.Mars has almost no atmosphere to help trap the heat of the sun.Mars has 2 moons/satellites phobos & deimos.

JUPITER

The observation of Jupiter dates back to the Babylonian astronomers of the 7th or 8th century BCE.[68] The Chinese historian of astronomy, Xi Zezong, has claimed that Gan De, a Chinese astronomer, made the discovery of one of Jupiter's moons in 362 BCE with the unaided eye.

780 MILLION KM.

9 HRS. & 50 MINS.

11.86 YEARS

The biggest planet in the solar system.The fifth planet in order from the sun.Jupiter is almost entirely made up of hydrogen and helium,with trace amount of other elements.One of the brightest planets.Has total of 16 moons.

SATURN

Saturn has been known since prehistoric times.In ancient times, it was the most distant of the five known planets in the solar system (excluding Earth) and thus a major character in various mythologies. Babylonian astronomers systematically observed and recorded the movements of Saturn. In ancient Roman mythology, the god Saturnus, from which the planet takes its name, was the god of the agricultural and harvest sector.

1.4 BILLION KM.

10 HRS. & 39 MINS.

29.46 YEARS

The second largest planet.Known for the its many rings around it.Its rings are made up of particles of ice ranging in size.Saturn has much less mass,and do it has a low density.Has 21 satellites.

URANUS

NEPTUNE

Uranus had been observed on many occasions before its discovery as a planet, but it was generally mistaken for a star. The earliest recorded sighting was in 1690 when John Flamsteed. Galileo's drawings show that he first observed Neptune on December 28, 1612, and again on January 27, 1613. On both occasions, Galileo mistook Neptune for a fixed star when it appeared very close in conjunctionto Jupiter in the night sky.

2.9 BILLION KM

17 HRS. & 14 MINS.

84 YEARS

The third largest planet.Composed mainly of hydrogen and helium gasses.Can sometimes be seen by the naked eye.

4.5 BILLION KM.

84 YEARS

17 HRS. & 14 MINS.

It is very similar to Uranus in size.Has a weather system that is very active.Some storms with wind of 400 miles per hour have lasted for hundreds of years on its surface.