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ICT Literacy for Secondary School

Computer Hardware


1. 2.

Name of Module : Computer Parts & Components - Peripherals Learning Outcomes: The students should be able to: state the definition of peripheral identify different types of peripherals state examples different types of peripherals explain the functions of each peripheral


Knowledge and Skills: 1. Main computer components


Module Summary: At the end of the module, students should be able to know the functions of each peripheral This module contains 2 activities: Activity 1: Activity 2: Definition of Peripheral Different Types and Functions of Peripheral

Activity 1:

Definition & types of peripheral

Peripheral Device External hardware devices attached to the computer are called peripheral devices There are three types of peripheral devices : Input devices Output devices Storage devices Figure 1: Peripheral Device Input Devices Input devices are any electronic device that are connected to a computer and produces input signals.

Figure 2: Input Device Output Devices Output is the result of data processing activity when it is presented externally to the system. The output from a computer can be printed or displayed form . An output device is hardware that is capable of delivering or showing information to one or more users. An output device shows, prints and presents the results of a computers work.

Figure 3: Output Device

Storage Devices Information and documents are stored in a computer storage so that it can be retrieved whenever they are needed later on. Computer storage is the holding of data in an electromagnetic form for access by a computer processor.

Hard Disk


CD Rom

Thumb Drive

Activity 2: 1. Printers

Different types and the functions of peripheral

A printer is another example of an output device that can be used to print text and graphics on mediums such as paper, transparency film or even cloths.

Figure 3: Printer A photo printer is a colour printer that produces photo quality pictures. An image setter produces high quality output compared to an ordinary laser printer. An image setter is a high resolution output device that can transfer electronic text and graphics directly to film, plates, or photo-sensitive paper.

Figure 4: Printer 4

2. Scanners In computing, a scanner is a device that analyzes images, printed text, handwriting, or objects (such as an ornament) and converts it into a digital image. These are examples of scanners: a. The flatbed scanner is the most common in offices. b. Hand-held scanners are no longer used due to the difficulty in obtaining a highquality image. c. Digital camera scanners, that are based on the concept of reprographic cameras. d. Planetary scanners, which take photographs of books and documents e. 3D scanners, for producing three-dimensional models of objects, Planetary and 3D scanners are considerably more expensive than other types of scanners. ( source

Pen or handheld

Figure 5: Handheld Scanner


Flatbed Sheet-fed

3. LCD Projector LCD projector is a type of video projector for displaying video, images or computer data on a screen or other flat surface. It is a modern equivalent of the slide projector or overhead projector. A Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) projector uses its own light source to project what is displayed on the computer onto a wall or projection screen. A digital light processing (DLP) projector uses tiny mirrors to reflect light that can be seen clearly in a well-lit room.

Figure 6: LCD Projector 4. Digital Cameras Digital Cameras are electronic devices used to capture and store photographs digitally, using the memory card without using photographic film like conventional cameras, or recording images in an analog format to magnetic tape like many video cameras. Modern compact digital cameras are typically multifunctional, with some devices capable of recording sound and/or video as well as photographs.

Figure 7: Digital Camera

5. External CD Drives The external DVD/CD-RW combo drive functions as a DVD player, a CD-RW drive and a CD-ROM drive. This allows you to install computer applications, files, music and movies on CD. It is easy to be carried around.

Figure 8: CD/DVD Writer

6. External Storages External storage is an alternative storage. It is very useful to store programs and data for future use. The storage is required for two reasons: 1. The working memory of the CPU is limited in size and cannot always hold the amount of data required. 2. Data and programmes in storage do not disappear when the power is turned off.

Figure 8: Storage Device

Worksheet 1: Label The Figure a. b. c. d. e. f. g. CD or DVD External hard disk Tape drive Miniature hard disk Zip disk Flash memory card USB Flash drive

2. 1.



ICTL for Secondary School - Hardware Module




Worksheet 2: Fill in the blank with the correct word. Laser printer Output device Tape Bar code flat panel monitor Flash card Pen drive

1. Identification code that consists of vertical line and spaces of different widths is known as 2. 3. A 4. one or more people. 5. An LCD monitor also call a 6. A 7. produces harp, flicker free images. storage requires sequential access. is commonly used as the film for digital cameras. is any type of hardware component that conveys information to

is flash memory storage device that plugs in a USB port. is a high speed, high quality non impact printer


Worksheet 3: Devices Types & Names Functions


Reference Cashman, S. (2006) Discovering Computers 2006. USA : Thomson Course Technology. Ibrahim Ahmad, Mohd Hafiz et al (2007) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Based on SPM Syllabus. Selangor: Venton Publishing (M) Sdn Bhd. NCC Education (2002) Computer Studies, Computer Ace. Sri Lanka : Computer Pioneers. Basic Computing (2003) by TMEdu Tech (M) Sdn Bhd CD courseware ICT