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ARTA PALEOCRETIN
I. ATITUDINI I PREMISE CE AU FAVORIZAT APARIIA ARTEI CRETINE
A. Atitudini a. Predica Sf. Ap. Pavel n Areopagul Atenei (FA 17, 16-33) (principiu misionar) b. Mediul funerar al hipogeelor mediteraneene (iniiativ privat) c. Atitudinea autoritii bisericeti fa de arta cretin (acceptare de facto) B. Premise a. Simbolismul biblic b. Imagistica antic

II. TIPURI DE REPREZENTRI


1. Simboluri grafice, fitomorfe i zoomorfe: monogramul lui Hristos, Crucea, sfenicul, ancora; via de vie, ramura de mslin; mielul, petele, porumbelul, pasrea Phoenix, delfinul, punul etc. 2. Simboluri antropomorfe: Orantul, Bunul Pstor, Amor i Psyche, Orfeu cu lira, Anotimpurile, etc. 3. Teme veterotestamentare 4. Teme neotestamentare

III. PROGRAME ICONOGRAFICE INCIPIENTE


1. Iconografia catacombelor 2. Sculptura sarcofagelor

IV. CONFIGURAREA SPAIULUI ECCLESIAL


1. Foiorul Cinei celei de Tain (Mc. 14, 12-15; Lc. 22, 7-13) 2. ncperi din casele particulare (FA 2, 46; 20, 7; 1 Co. 16, 19) 3. Domus ecclesiae (consacrarea ncperii- casei) a. Mrturii scrise: Constituiile Apostolice II, LVII; Testamentum Domini I, 19 b. Mrturii arheologice: Dura Europos, Aquillea 4. Amenajri cultice din catacombe (arhitectur & iconografie)

Bibliografie selectiv BOURGUET, Pierre du, Early Christian Art, translated from the French by Thomas Burton, Reynal & Company in association with William Morrow & Company, Inc. New York, 1971 GRABAR, Andre, The beginnings of Christian Art (200-395), translated by Stuart Gilbert and James Emmons, Thames and Hudson, 1967 Idem, Christian Iconography. A Study of Its Origins, The A. W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts, 1961, The Nazional Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Bollingen Series XXXV, Princeton University Press, 1968 JENSEN, Robin Margaret, Understanding Early Christian Art, London and New York, 2000 Idem, Face to face. Portraits of the Divine in Early Christianity, Augsburg Fortress, Minneapolis, 2005 KITZINGER, Ernst, Byzantine Art in the Making. Main lines of stylistic development in Mediterranean Art 3rd-7th Century, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1977 MILBURN, Robert, Early Christian Art and Architecture, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1988 TRISTAN, Frederick, Primele imagini cretine. De la simbol la icoan secolele II-VI, trad. De Elena Buculei i Ana Boro, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureti, 2002 VTIANU, Virgil, Istoria artei europene, vol. I: Epoca Medie, Ed. Didactic i Pedagogic, Bucureti, 1967 WEITZMANN, Kurt and KESSLER, Herbert L., The frescoes of the Dura Synagogue and Christian Art, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington D.C., 1990