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8CLCGIL VLGL1AL ]I ANIMAL

CCN|INU1UkI CLASA A IkA


1 DIVLkSI1A1LA LUMII VII

11 NC|IUNI IN1kCDUC1IVL Laxonl (regn increngLur clas ordln
famllle gen specle) nomenclaLur blnar procarloL eucarloL

vl8uSu8l caracLere generale claslflcare adenovlrusurl rlbovlrusurl exemple la
om

8LCnu8l claslflcare caracLerlzare general la flecare grup se
prezlnL caracLere de regn increngLur clas legaLe de medlul ;l
modul de vla( morfologle Llpul de locomo(le de nuLrl(le de
resplra(le de reproducere (fr clclurl evoluLlve) lmporLan( ;l
exemple reprezenLaLlve
Monera 8acLerll eubacLerll
roLlsLe Sporozoare
Alge unlcelulare euglene
lungl AscomlceLe
8azldlomlceLe
lanLe Alge plurlcelulare
8rloflLe brlaLe
LerldoflLe flllcaLe
Clmnosperme conlfere
Anglosperme dlcoLlledonaLe monocoLlledonaLe
Anlmale CelenLeraLe hldrozoare sclfozoare
laLelmln(l (LremaLode cesLode) nemaLelmln(l (nemaLode) anellde
(ollgocheLe hlrudlnee)
Molu;Le lamellbranhlaLe gasLeropode cefalopode
ArLropode arahnlde crusLacel lnsecLe
CordaLe verLebraLe pe;Ll oso;l amflblenl (anure urodele) repLlle psrl
mamlfere placenLare
12 CCNSLkVAkLA 8ICDIVLkSI1|II IN kCMNIA specll ocroLlLe rezerva(ll
naLurale parcurl na(lonale
2 CLLULA UNI1A1LA S1kUC1UkAL ]I IUNC|ICNAL A VIL|II
21 S1kUC1UkA UL1kAS1kUC1UkA ]I kCLUL CCMCNLN1LLCk CLLULLI
(enun(area func(lel fr descrlerea mecanlsmelor)
procarloLe sLrucLur
eucarloLe
invell;ul celulel
membran celular (model mozalc fluld)
pereLe celular
clLoplasm
fundamenLal
sLrucLuraL organlLe celulare reLlcul endoplasmaLlc rlbozoml mlLocondrll
aparaL Colgl llzozoml cenLrozom plasLlde vacuole
nucleu membran nuclear nucleoll carloplasmcromaLln (aclzll nuclelcl
Llpurl ;l rol)
22 DIVI2IUNL CLLULAk lmporLan( claslflcare
clclul celular
lndlrecL (carlochlneLlc)
cromozoml ;l fus de dlvlzlune alcLulre ;l rol
mlLoz ( faze lmporLan()
meloz (eLape faze lmporLan()
3 LkLDI1A1LA ]I VAkIA8ILI1A1LA LUMII VII
31 CCnCL1L eredlLaLe varlablllLaLe
32 MLCAnlSMLLL 18AnSMl1L8ll CA8AC1L8LLC8 L8Lul1A8L
Leglle mendellene ale eredlL(ll
legea purlL(ll game(llor
legea segregrll lndependenLe a perechllor de caracLere
abaLerl de la segregarea mendellan codomlnan(a
33 8LCCM8lnA8L CLnL1lC 8ln SCPlM8 8LCl8CC uL CLnL
34 uL1L8MlnlSM C8CMCZCMAL AL SLxLLC8 (fr subLlpurl)
33 lnlLuLn|A MLuluLul ASu8A L8Lul1|ll (muLa(ll claslflcare facLorl
muLagenl)
36 CLnL1lC uMAn boll eredlLare claslflcare ;l exemple
CCN|INU1UkI CLASA A kA
1 |LSU1UkI VLGL1ALL ]I ANIMALL claslflcare sLrucLur rol
11 |LSU1UkI VLGL1ALL
embrlonare prlmare aplcale lnLercalare
deflnlLlve de aprare eplderm fundamenLale aslmllaLoare de depozlLare
conducLoare secreLoare
12 |LSU1UkI ANIMALL
eplLellale de acoperlre secreLoare Llpurl de glande senzorlale
con[uncLlve mol semldure dure (osos compacL osos sponglos) sngele
muscular sLrlaL neLed
nervos neuronul celula gllal
2 S1kUC1UkA ]I IUNC|IILL IUNDAMLN1ALL ALL CkGANISMLLCk VII
21 IUNC|II DL NU1kI|IL
- NU1kI|IA AU1C1kCI
foLoslnLeza ecua(le chlmlc eLape (fr mecanlsmul lnLlm al
foLoslnLezel) evlden(lere (dup CC2 absorblL dup subsLan( organlc
produs dup C2 produs) lmporLan( rolul plgmen(llor aslmllaLorl
(cloroflla a ;l cloroflla b)
- NU1kI|IA nL1LkC1kCI
heLeroLrofla la fungl saproflL parazlL exemple lmporLan(
heLeroLrofla la planLe parazlL
nuLrl(la slmblonL (llchenl)
dlgesLla la anlmale Llpurl de dlgesLle (lnLracelular exLracelular)
slsLem dlgesLlv la mamlfere Lub dlgesLlv (componenLe locallzare
morfologle fr sLrucLura pereLelul) ;l glande anexe (glande sallvare
flcaL pancreas exocrln) locallzare rolul lor in dlgesLla chlmlc a
allmenLelor
boll ale slsLemulul dlgesLlv la om (gasLrlL ulcer gasLroduodenal
Loxllnfec(ll allmenLare hepaLlL vlral acuL) manlfesLrl cauze ;l
prevenlre

- kLSIkA|IA
resplra(la aerob ecua(le chlmlc locallzare (fr mecanlsmul resplra(lel
celulare)
resplra(la anaerob ecua(le chlmlc locallzare exemple
fermenLa(ll (exemple de fermenLa(le alcoollc lacLlc aceLlc
lmporLan()
resplra(la la planLe evlden(lere (dup consumul de subsLan( organlc dup
consumul de C2 ;l dup CC2 produs)
resplra(la la anlmale
slsLem resplraLor la mamlfere cl resplraLorll plmnl
locallzare sLrucLur mecanlsmul venLlla(lel pulmonare lnsplra(le
explra(le
boll ale slsLemulul resplraLor la om (bron;lL larlnglL asLm
bron;lc pneumonle18C ) manlfesLrl cauze ;l prevenlre
- CIkCULA|IA
Clrcula(la la planLe
absorb(la apel ;l a srurllor mlnerale locallzare mecanlsmele absorb(lel
clrcula(la sevelor for(e care conLrlbule la clrcula(la sevelor
Clrcula(la la anlmale
medlul lnLern la mamlfere (sngele compozl(le rol)
slsLem clrculaLor la mamlfere lnlm (locallzare sLrucLura
macroscoplc rol) vase de snge (arLere vene capllare rol)
boll ale slsLemulul clrculaLor la om (varlce aLeroscleroz
hlperLenslune arLerlal lnfarcL mlocardlc accldenL vascular cerebral)
manlfesLrl cauze ;l prevenlre
- LkCkL|IA
Lxcre(la la planLe
Lransplra(la prezenLare general locallzare
Lxcre(la la anlmale
slsLem excreLor la mamlfere cl urlnare ;l rlnlchl (locallzare
sLrucLur ;l rol fr mecanlsmul formrll urlnel)
boll ale slsLemulul excreLor la om (llLlaz urlnar lnsuflclen(
renal cronlc) manlfesLrl cauze ;l prevenlre
22 IUNC|II DL kLLA|IL
- SLNSI8ILI1A1LA
SenslblllLaLea ;l ml;carea la planLe
SenslblllLaLea la anlmale
organe de slm( la mamlfere (ochlul urechea nasul llmba plelea) sLrucLur ;l
rol
deflclen(e senzorlale la om (mlople hlpermeLrople sLrablsm
asLlgmaLlsm surdlLaLe) manlfesLrl cauze ;l remedll
slsLem nervos la mamlfere SnC (mduva splnrll encefal locallzare
componenLe rol)
boll ale SnC la om (boala arklnson parallzle epllepsle scleroz
in plcl) manlfesLrl cauze ;l prevenlre ;l facLorl de rlsc (consum
de drogurl alcool cafea LuLun)
- LCCCMC|IA LA ANIMALL
SlsLem locomoLor la mamlfere (scheleLul ;l musculaLura membrelor)
23 IUNC|IA DL kLkCDUCLkL
- kLkCDUCLkLA LA LAN1L
8eproducerea asexuaL la planLe speclallzaL ;l vegeLaLlv
8eproducerea sexuaL la anglosperme floare sLrucLur fecunda(le
smn( alcLulre frucL Llpurl reprezenLaLlve de frucLe
- kLkCDUCLkLA LA CM
SlsLemul reproducLor femel ;l slsLemul reproducLor mascul (locallzare sLrucLur
;l rol)
8oll cu LransmlLere sexual (slfllls gonoree candldoz SluA) manlfesLrl cauze
;l prevenlre