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# Coanda Effect.

A moving stream of fluid in contact with a curved surface will tend to follow the curvature of the surface rather than
continue traveling in a straight line.
To perIorm a simple demonstration oI this eIIect, grab a spoon and Iind a sink. Get a small stream oI water coming down Irom the
sink, then place the bottom oI the spoon next to the stream. Notice how the water curves along the surIace oI the spoon. II you hold
the spoon so that it is Iree to swing, you should be able to notice that the spoon is actually being pulled towards the stream oI water.

EXPERIMENT 8.1
Equipment:
O 2 thick books or binders
O 1 sheet oI notebook paper
O 1 straw

Place two books or binders parallel to each other on a table and approximately 3 |76.2 mm| apart. Place the sheet oI paper over the
gap between the books, with the edges oI the paper resting on the inside edges oI the books. Using the straw, blow underneath the
paper as hard as possible. The paper will be pushed down in the middle toward the table. The increase in air speed underneath the
paper causes a decrease in pressure. The higher pressure on the top oI the paper pushes the paper down toward the table.

EXPERIMENT 8.2
Equipment:
O Strip oI notebook paper or newspaper, about 2" |50.8 mm| wide and 10" |254 mm| long
O Book
O Paper clips
The Iorce that liIts an airplane and holds it up comes Irom air which is Iorced apart by a moving wing.

Make an airIoil (wing) by placing one end oI the strip oI paper between the pages oI the book so that the other end hangs over the top
as shown in the above diagram. Move the book swiItly through the air or blow across the top oI the strip oI paper. Notice that it
Ilutters upward.
Hold the book in the breeze oI an electric Ian so the air blows over the top oI the paper and observe what happens.

Take the strip oI paper out oI the book. Grasp one end oI the paper and set it against your chin, just below your mouth. Hold it in place
with your thumb and blow over the top oI the strip. The paper rises. Try the same thing aIter you have Iastened a paper clip on the end
oI the strip. See how many paperclips you can liIt in this way.
It doesn't matter whether you move the air over the strip oI paper by blowing or whether you move the paper rapidly through the air -
either way it rises. How does this relate to what causes the wings oI aircraIt to produce liIt?
EXPERIMENT 8.3
Equipment:
O 2 empty soIt drink cans
O 30 or more plastic drinking straws
Another way to demonstrate Bernoulli`s principle is to lay about 30 drinking straws parallel to each other on a tabletop, then place two
empty soIt drink cans on top oI the straws as shown in the picture. Using one oI the straws, blow as much air as you can between the
two cans and watch what happens. Get a partner with a second straw, and this time each blow along the outside surIace oI each can.
Can you explain why the cans move the way they do?

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EXPERIMENT 8.4
Equipment:
O A long vacuum cleaner hose or other similar hose (at least 1" |25.4 mm| in diameter)
O Small bucket Iilled with sawdust or paper bits Irom a paper hole punch
This experiment will help to dramatically demonstrate Bernoulli's Principle, but be Iorewarned -- it can make quite a mess! Place the
bucket oI sawdust/paper scraps on the Iloor, with one end oI the hose in the bucket. Keeping one end oI the hose in the bucket, swing
the other end rapidly over your head like a lasso. (Watch out Ior low hanging light Iixtures!) The sawdust/paper scraps will come
shooting out the top oI the hose!
When swinging the hose around over your head, the increased air speed at that end oI the hose results in a corresponding decrease in
air pressure. This results in the higher air pressure at the other end oI the hose (the end in the bucket oI sawdust/paper scraps) pushing
the paper through the hose and out the swinging end!