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INDEX

6/S1

Sound Attenuators
Rectangular Sound Attenuator PZ Round Sound Attenuator PZC Interspace Sound Attenuator PZM Sound Attenuating Splitters PK

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Sound Attenuators

Rectangular Sound Attenuator, Type PZ and Sound Attenuator Splitters, Type PK

Attenuator casing made of sheet metal

Application
Rectangular sound attenuators, type PZ, are designed for air conditioning and ventilation systems. Splitters are made of nonflammable, sound absorbing rock wool. Significant sound attenuation occurs in frequency range of 63 to 8000 Hz. Splitter surface is resistant to particle erosion up to air velocities of 20 m/s. Splitters are constructed in three standard thicknesses: d = 100 mm, d = 200 mm and d = 300 mm. Rectangular sound attenuators are available in five standard cross-section dimensions: d/s = 100/50; 100/100; 200/100; 200/200 and 300/100. Attenuator casing is made of galvanised steel, fitted with flanges meeting criteria given in the table on page 3. Unless specified on order, flanges are normally supplied without holes. Attenuators heavier than 300 kg are supplied in two or more sections, each single section lighter than 300 kg. All dimensions of sound attenuators and splitters are standardised. On customer's order and at additional cost, they can be manufactured in other required dimensions, and made of stainless steel.

Splitters installed directly into the duct by means of distance strappings


Possible clearances, resulting from the splitter and duct height difference, should be sealed with sound reducing material in order to prevent nonattenuated propagation of sound energy.

Flange dimension criterium


Flange type Parameter Attenuator weight Attenuator cross-section area Longer side of the cross-section G 300 kg > 300 kg A 1.2 m2 > 1.2 m2 1500 mm > 1500 mm Rolled profile (galvanised) width 30mm + + + + + + On request only mm) applied to the splitter surface by special process. The splitter surface - low air-permeability, impermeable for water, prevents erosion (up-lift of mineral wool particles) caused by air circulation. Reflective plates (R) - Half of each side of the splitter (alternatively centre up and centre down) is fitted with galvanised tin plates, giving the splitter better attenuation characteristics at frequency of 250 Hz. Perforated plates (P) - At air velocities higher than 20 m/s, or when polluted air is a medium, the splitters should be fitted with protective perforated galvanised plates, having no significant effect on noise attenuation. Besides given cover types, combined covers are also available (see Ordering example on page 14). Acoustic properties of klimaoprema sound attenuators are tested acc. to ISO 7235, by Heat and Thermal Devices Laboratory, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Croatia. On request only On request only Formed steel angle flange (anti corrosive painted) L 35 x 35 x 4 Formed steel angle flange (anti-corrosive painted) L 40x 40 x 4

Absorption material rock-wool, non-flammable, according to Class A2, to HRN (Croatian norms) and DIN 4102, Part 1. Maximum permitted continuous operating temperature is 250C. Due to sound transmission through tin plates of attenuator casing, the highest achievable insertion loss amounts to 40 dB. If a higher value is required, total loss should be divided into two elastically coupled attenuators.

Selection of the Splitter Cover (Lining)


Glass fibre veil (V) - Very thin protective cover on the splitter surface; usual, most frequently applied design. The splitter surface is air-permeable, less permeable for water, prevents erosion (up-lift of mineral wool particles) caused by air circulation. Glass fibre silk (S) - Very thin protective cover (only 0.12

Sound Attenuators

Standard Sizes and Weights of Sound Attenuators (Model without reflection plates or without perforated plate covers of splitters)

Duct width B (mm)

Duct width B (mm)

Legend:

- 2-sectional attenuator - 4-sectional attenuator

Design Changes Reserved

Sound Attenuators

Standard Sizes and Weights of Sound Attenuators (Model with reflection plates or with perforated plate covers of splitters)
Duct width B (mm)

Duct width B (mm)

Legend:

- 2-sectional attenuator - 4-sectional attenuator

Sound Attenuators

Sketches of Two-sectional Attenuators


- Connection along length - Connection along width

- Connection along height As seen in the sketches,vidi, dijelovithe attenuator are connected Kao to se na skicama sections of priguivaa se meusobno with built-in flanges and bolts. prirubnica i vijaka. Dodirne se spajaju pomou prigraenih Contact flange surfaces can be additionally fixed by reinforcement holders. plohe, po potrebi uvruju i dodatnim natinim draima. Galvanised steel bolts are delivered with attenuators consisting S viedjelnim priguivaem isporuuju se i pocinani elini of more sections. Prior to attenuator delivery, sections of each vijci. Svaki se viedjelni priguiva u tvornici prije isporuke attenuator are assembled and disassembled in the factory. probno sastavlja i rastavlja.

Sketch of Four- and Eight-sectional Attenuator

Design Changes Reserved

Sound Attenuators

1. Insertion Loss (attenuation) Diagram

Type PZ 100/50

Insertion loss [dB]

Frequency [Hz]

2. Selection Diagram Cross-section and Air Pressure Drop

Width B Number [mm] of splitters

brzinavelocityvvef[m/s] Air zraka ef [m/s]

Aiolil k r f in owara zte ka ra V V [3/h3 [m m ]/x ] x 3 H 10 1 3 0

Air Pressure drop p [Pa] otpor p [Pa]

Sound Attenuators

3. Insertion Loss (attenuation) Diagram

Type PZ 100/100

Insertion loss [dB]

Frequency [Hz]

4. Selection Diagram Cross-section and Air Pressure Drop

Width B Number [mm] of splitters

brzina zraka vef [m/s] Air velocity vef [m/s]

Air fl ow koliin ra a zte V raka [m 3 V [m 3 x /h] /H] 0 3 1x 3 10

Design Changes Reserved

Air otpor p [Pa] p [Pa] Pressure drop

Sound Attenuators

5. Insertion Loss (attenuation) Diagram

Type PZ - R 100/50

Insertion loss [dB]

Frequency [Hz] Example: Given: Air volume rate: V=5500 m3/h Required attenuation: 24 dB (A) at 250 Hz Solution: Diag. 1: PZ-R 100/50 Attenuator length: L = 1480 mm Diag. 2: Effective air velocity vef = 5.5 m/s Air Pressure drop ptot = 17 Pa Attenuator cross-section: B x H = 1350 x 600 ili 900 x 900 Diag. 7: Frequency Hz 125 39 -2 250 31 -2 37 500 27 -2 29 25

Flow regenerated noise dB (A) Atot = B x H= 0.81 m2 Tab. 9: Correction dB (A)

Total air flow regenerated noise dB (A)

In each octave band noise values determined above have to be by 9 dB(A) lower than the attenuated source noise measured after the attenuator (see Figure).

Sound attenuator

Source noise before attenuator

Remaining noise measurement point

Sound Attenuators

6. Insertion Loss (attenuation) Diagram

Type PZ - R 100/100

Insertion loss [dB]

Frequency [Hz]

7. Air Flow Regenerated Noise Diagram for d/s = 100/50 (based on outlet size B x H = Atot = 1m2)

8. Air Flow protonih umnosti za d/s = for 7. Dijagram Regenerated Noise Diagram 100/100 d/s = 100/100 (vrijedi za B x H = Atot = 1 m2) (based on outlet size B x H = Atot = 1m2)

Sound power level [dB]

Air velocity vef [m/s] 9. Correction Table

Sound power level [dB]

Air velocity vef [m/s]

Correction db(A)

Design Changes Reserved

Sound Attenuators

1. Insertion Loss (attenuation) Diagram

Type PZ 200/100

Insertion loss [dB]

Frequency [Hz]

2. Selection Diagram Cross-section and Air Pressure Drop


Width B Number [mm] of splitters

Air velocity vef [m/s]

Air fl ow koliin rate a zraV [m 3 ka V /h3 [m ] /x 10 3 H] x 1 3 0

10

otpor p [Pa] Air Pressure drop p [Pa]

Sound Attenuators

3. Insertion Loss (attenuation) Diagram

Type PZ 200/200

Insertion loss [dB]

Frequency [Hz]

4. Selection Diagram Cross-section and Air Pressure Drop


Width B [mm] Number of splitters

Air velocity vef [m/s]

Air fkoli low ir a n z aterVk a a [m 3/h

] x 10 3

Design Changes Reserved

Air Pressure drop pt [Pa]

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Sound Attenuators

Selection Diagrams for Rectangular Splitter Attenuators 5. Insertion Loss (attenuation) Diagram Type PZ - R 200/100

Insertion loss [dB]

Frequency [Hz] Example: Given: Air volume rate: V = 1800 m3/h Required attenuation: 18 dB (A) at 250 Hz Solution: Diag. 1: PZ-R 200/100 Attenuator length: L = 1480 mm Diag 2. : Effective air velocity: vef = 7 m/s Pressure drop: ptot = 17 Pa Attenuator cross-section: B x H = 2400 x 600, 1600 x 900 ili 1200 x 1200 Diag. 5: Frequency Hz Flow regenerated noise dB (A) Atot = B x H= 1.44 m2 Tab. 9: Correction dB (A) Total flow regenerated nise dB (A) 125 37 2 39 250 32 2 34 500 29 2 31

In each octave band noise values determined above have to be by 9 dB(A) lower than the attenuated source noise measured after the attenuator (see Figure).

Sound attenuator

Source noise before attenuator

Remaining noise measurement point

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Sound Attenuators

6. Insertion Loss (attenuation) Diagram

Type PZ 300/100

Insertion loss [dB]

Frequency [Hz]

6. Selection Diagram Cross-section and Air Pressure Drop


Width B [mm] Number of splitters

Air velocity vef [m/s]

Akrov i liol ua inme zrrata ak e V [[m 3/h m 3/H ] x 10 3 3

Design Changes Reserved

otpor p p [Pa] Air Pressure drop [Pa]

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Sound Attenuators

8. Air Flow Regenerated Noise Diagram for d/s = 200/100 d/s = 300/100 (based on outlet size B x H = A tot = 1 m2)

9. Air Flow Regenerated Noise Diagram for d/s = 200/200 (based on outlet size B x H = A tot = 1 m2)

Sound power level [dB]

Air velocity vef [m/s]

Sound power level [dB]

Air velocity vef [m/s]

10. Correction table

Correction dB (A)

Ordering Key:

Splitter

Splitter Attenuator

Splitter thickness Airway width Attenuator dimensions Flow-exposed splitter side: - With protecting plate N - Without protecting plate O Splitter coverings: - Glass fibre veil V - Glass fibre silk S - Reflective plate and glass fibre veil RV - Reflective plate and glass fibre silk RS - Perforated plate and glass fibre veil PV - Perforated plate and glass fibre silk PS

Designations as for attenuator

Splitter dimensions

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Sound Attenuators

Round Sound Attenuators, Type PZC and PZC-J

Application

Air inlet coned end (on customers request) the infill from airflow erosion. Standard types: attenuator without soundabsorbing pod (type PZC) or with additional cylindrical, centrally positioned sound-absorbing pod (type PZC-J). In order to improve aerodynamic characteristics, it is advisable to mount the coned end to the flow-exposed side of the pod, what has to be specially indicated on order. Cross-section flow area of the PZC-J attenuator is for about 40% smaller than at PZC-type attenuator.

Cylindrical sound attenuators, type PZC and PZC-J, are intended for use in air conditioning and ventilation systems. They are convenient for installation to suction and discharge side of axial fans, to suction side of radial fans, as well as to circular ducts. The outer casing is made of galvanised sheet steel, filled with sound absorbing material. Inner duct of the attenuator is made of perforated galvanised sheet steel, which protects

Standard Sizes [mm]


Standard diameter Flow area Attenuator weight (kg)

Ordering Key: Attenuator without pod

Attenuator with pod Additional mark for coned end (on special request)

Standard size d = 560 d = 560

d = 560 Standard size d = 560

Design Changes Reserved

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PZC i PZC-J Technical Data

Standard size

d [mm]

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1. Insertion Loss (Attenuation) De [dB]

Sound Attenuators

Frequency

Sound Attenuators

PZC i PZC-J Technical Data 2. Air Pressure Drop and Flow Regenerated Noise Diagram
2.1 for PZC Type 2.2 for PZC-J Type

es Pr

] Regenerated noise Lp [dB/m]

sta n

dar ds ize

Air flow rate V [m3/h] x 1000

sta n

2.3 Correction chart

Sound Power Level of Regenerated Noise: LW = Lp + k [dB/m]

Design Changes Reserved

dar ds ize

ed ur

p ro
d

es Pr

ed ur

p ro

Air flow rate V [m3/h] x 1000

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Sound Attenuators

Interspace Sound Attenuator, Type PZM

-2

Application
Interspace sound attenuators are intended for noise reduction between the rooms that are physically and acoustically connected by means of air conditioning or ventilation ducts. These sound attenuators may be applied for additional noise reduction, if, for example, main sound attenuator is insufficient. PZM attenuators are tube type attenuators made of galvanised sheet steel, containing sound-absorbing material infill. Isolation infill facing, exposed to airflow erosion, is covered by perforated galvanised sheet steel. Interspace sound attenuators are installed in two arrangement types: - In the main duct passing through all rooms, having no Standard Sizes [mm]
Dimensions of interspace sound attenuator, type PZM Standard d-2 Lenghts size d D [mm] L [mm] [mm] [mm] 80 100 125 150 160 180 200 224 250 300 315 335 78 98 123 148 158 178 198 222 248 298 313 333 180 200 250 260 280 300 324 350 400 415 435 L = 450, 950, 1450, 1950 for all diameters d 225

lateral ducts (Fig. 1) - In lateral ducts of the main duct (Fig. 2) The first arrangement is mainly applied in smaller ventilation systems. In that system, due to different air flow rates, connection diameters of attenuators are normally different. All partial air pressure drops are summed up and therefore have to be as low as possible. Each attenuator has to achieve total sound attenuation between two rooms; therefore, very long attenuators are required. In the second installation arrangement, connection diameters are usually the same, and pressure drops are smaller (no serial summing up).

Figure 1

Figure 2

Ordering Key:

L- Attenuator lenght

Rated diameter - dd

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Sound Attenuators

Technical Data
Guideline criteria to be taken into account in sound attenuation calculations: - Basic criteria takes into account sound isolation of a partition wall between two rooms and requires that PZM has an insertion loss (attenuation) equal to or 10 dB higher in each octave than attenuation of the partition wall. - Unrecognised speech and music attenuation criterion requires that sound level of speech or music in the room of interest has to be 10 to 15 dB lower than level of other noise corresponding to NR-curve in all octaves. - If PZM attenuator has to reduce a part of basic noise of the fan from the plant room, its insertion loss (attenuation) has to be tested for that case.

Insertion loss [dB]

Attenuator dimensions: - Attenuator length is derived from the insertion loss (attenuation) per meter length (Diagram 1). - Inner diameter of attenuator is derived from given air flow rate and selected effective air velocity vef , and permitted pressure drop as well (Diagram 2). Air flow regenerated noise through attenuator has to be taken into account too. In each octave it has to be 10 dB lower than permitted level of sound power spectrum after the attenuator (see figure on page 8 of this register).

1. Diagram - Insertion Loss per Meter Length

Frequency [Hz]

2. Air Pressure Drop Diagram 2. Dijagram otpora

Air Pressure drop p [Pa/m]

PZ

siz

Air flow rate V [m3/h]

Design Changes Reserved

Effective Air velocity vef [m/s]

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Klimaoprema d.d. Gradna 78A HR-10430 Samobor, CROATIA Phone: + 385 1 33 62 513 Fax: + 385 1 33 62 905 www.klimaoprema.hr info@klimaoprema.hr