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MA/Diploma in International Security


This course is available:
O Campus based Iull-time
O Campus based part-time
O istance Learning
This course is designed to:
O equip you with an understanding oI key issues in contemporary international security.

O achieve a balance between breadth and depth oI study in contemporary international
security by providing you with a coherent mixture oI theoretical and empirical study.

O provide you with competencies and skills to understand contemporary international
security problems and to be able to analyse international security problems using a mix oI
theoretical and empirical tools.
ourse Detail
This course provides a thorough grounding in international security, Iocusing on developments
since the end oI the Cold War. As the events oI 11th September 2001 and the subsequent Global
War on Terror promulgated by the World`s lone superpower illustrate with shocking clarity,
international security remains a vital issue on the global agenda. The search Ior a stable and just
international security order has proven elusive, with war and armed conIlict continuing in many
parts oI the world.
At the same time, international security involves much more than states and military conIlict.
International security problems oIten stem Irom complex political, economic, environmental,
social and cultural causes, and involve a broad range oI non-state actors. The study oI security in
the contemporary international system thus poses a series oI challenging intellectual questions
and policy dilemmas, which this course will help you address in an inIormed and creative
manner.
The distinctive Ieature oI this course is the way it seeks to integrate two elements: Iirst, the
theoretical and conceptual challenges involved in studying international security; and second, the
main empirical problems and issues on the contemporary international security agenda. In
addition, you will be encouraged to think about the way the security agenda varies in diIIerent
regions oI the world, such as Europe and the Middle East.
ourse Structure
You must complete the International Security core module plus a Iurther three option modules
Irom the list oI optional modules. II you wish to continue on to the MA, these modules will be
Iollowed by your dissertation.


The ore Module: International Security
Issues oI security and insecurity are central to international relations, as the terrorist attacks oI
9/11 and the Iraq War oI 2003 underline. This course provides you with a thorough grounding in
the theory and practice oI international security in the contemporary era. It examines the main
theoretical and conceptual approaches to the study oI international security, beIore considering a
range oI contemporary security issues including: the emergence oI a zone oI stable peace in
Europe; the violent break up oI Yugoslavia; 'New Wars' in the South; terrorism and proliIeration
oI weapons oI mass destruction; the Iraq War and the Iuture oI the Middle East; and the
prospects Ior peace and security in the Twenty-First Century. This module thus provides you
with the analytical tools to think critically and independently about the nature oI contemporary
international security, Iocusing on developments since the end oI the Cold War.
MA/Diploma in International Relations and World Order
This course is available:
O Campus based Iull-time
O Campus based part-time
O istance Learning
This course is designed to:
O equip you with a detailed understanding oI contemporary international relations.

O achieve a balance between a thorough exploration oI the theoretical dimension and the
consideration oI empirical issues and practical debates in post-Cold War international
relations.

O provide you with the competencies and skills to understand contemporary debates in
international relations and to analyse international relations using a mixture oI theoretical
and empirical tools.
ourse Detail
The sudden collapse oI the governing international order that came about with the end oI the
Cold War, has conditioned much oI the thinking in international relations in the past two
decades. The concept oI a 'New World Order has caused considerable debate, amongst
policymakers and scholars. This course looks at a range oI international issues but especially
seeks to investigate whether International Relations in the post-Cold War period has been
Iounded upon a Western` model oI World Order.
The degree aims to introduce diIIering concepts oI Order in the post-Cold War world. It is
designed to make you think critically about the nature oI international relations: about the extent
to which Western interests, institutions and culture dominate the world system and the challenges


and responses generated by that dominance. There is an emphasis upon both theoretical and
empirical approaches to this subject.
ourse Structure
You must complete the Post-Cold War World Order core module plus a Iurther three option
modules Irom the list oI optional modules. II you wish to continue on to the MA, these modules
will be Iollowed by your dissertation.
The ore Module: Post-old War World Order
This module critically examines the means by which the West maintains its concept oI Order. It
will begin by considering the relationship between order and justice in international relations
beIore moving on to consider the idea oI a New World Order` and assessing its originality. The
position oI the United States as the sole superpower aIter the Cold War will be examined and the
ability oI the US to imprint its model oI Order globally will be evaluated. The module will
analyse the way Western interests are upheld through concepts oI security, the international
economic system and international institutions such as the United Nations. A variety oI
challenges to this Western concept oI order will be examined, including those Irom other parts oI
the world as well as Irom various parts oI the academic community.
MA/Diploma in Diplomatic Studies
This course is available:
O istance Learning
This course is designed to:
O equip you with the speciIic knowledge, language, and transIerable skills necessary to
prepare you Ior entry to practical training in diplomacy or a related proIession.

O encourage you to move into a career in diplomacy and provide you with the skills to help
you to succeed.

O provide a sympathetic understanding oI diplomacy Ior those who wish to develop their
knowledge oI the subject.
ourse Detail
iplomatic Studies is concerned principally with the modes oI diplomacy (Ior example, the
resident ambassador and summitry) and its Iunctions (Ior example, negotiation and inIormation-
gathering).
The subject deals not only with contemporary events but also with the origins oI diplomatic
institutions and the development oI diplomatic law. iplomatic studies thus embraces those Irom


diIIerent disciplines such as history, international law, as well as political science and the range
oI Iields within international relations.
iplomatic Studies has long been an important element in teaching and research in the
epartment oI Politics and International Relations at Leicester. This Master`s degree programme
has been partly designed Ior those aspiring to a diplomatic career and Ior proIessional diplomats
requiring additional training. However, depending on choice oI options, it is also appropriate Ior
those wishing to pursue careers in government, deIence related work, international organizations,
journalism, or teaching; or, oI course, Ior those wishing to proceed to a research degree.
The MA in iplomatic Studies is available on a part-time or Iull-time basis, and students can
either register Ior a Masters degree or a iploma. It is designed Ior suitably qualiIied graduates
in International Relations, Politics, History or other related disciplines.
ourse Structure
You must complete the Art oI Negotiation core module plus a Iurther three option modules Irom
the list oI optional modules. II you wish to continue on to the MA, these modules will be
Iollowed by your dissertation.
The ore Module: The Art of Negotiation
This module begins with three introductory sessions, the Iirst two oI which take the Iorm oI
lectures. The Iirst deals with certain key concepts oI diplomacy, the second with its institutional
development Irom the Renaissance to World War II, and the third with the ministry oI Ioreign
aIIairs. The main part oI the module then looks closely at the art oI negotiation. Beginning with a
consideration oI strategy and tactics, it proceeds through the main stages oI negotiations, takes in
diplomatic momentum en route, and concludes with an examination oI the 'packaging' oI
diplomatic agreements.


Introduction to Strategic Studies
Preliminary reading
O Baylis J & Wirtz J Strategy in the Contemporary World
O Cohen E and Gray C Contemporary Security and StrategyFreedman L War

1hls module provldes an lnLroducLlon Lo sLraLeglc sLudles llLeraLure lncludlng ClausewlLz and Lhe
modernlzaLlon of war Lhe evoluLlon of [olnL warfare Lhe laws of war Lheorles of deLerrence


asymmeLrlc warfare arms conLrol and dlsarmamenL humanlLarlan lnLervenLlon and Lhe place of
weapons of mass desLrucLlon ln sLraLegy

earning outcomes
O An understanding oI contending and classical approaches in strategic studies.
O With the background in strategic studies literature, students will be able to apply diIIerent
approaches to Strategic Studies to a wide and diverse area oI conIlict, including the
nature and development oI warIare, geopolitics and historical context oI conIlicts.
O Students will also be able to apply the key concepts in strategic studies to case studies,
geographical area studies and current world events.
O International Relations and Security
O odule 1A International Relations (15 credits)
Addresses the major debates within contemporary international relations discourse.
This includes, for example, the impact of globalisation and the role of states and
other organisations within the post-cold war international
system.
O odule 1B International Security Studies (15 credits)
Deals with post-cold war international security challenges,
such as intra-state armed conflict, proliferation of weapons
and military technology, and terrorism. It also deals with
responses to those challenges including counter-terrorism
measures, multi-lateral actions and arms control.
O Strategic Studies
O odule 2A Introduction to Strategic Studies (15 credits)
This provides the opportunity for students to apply the expertise they will have
gained in the previous strategic studies module. Topics include nuclear proliferation:
chemical and biological weapons; technological "versus human excellence;
asymmetrical warfare; the future of warfare; and the relative value of maritime, air
and land power.
O odule 2B Issues in Strategic Studies (15 credits)
This considers the meaning of strategy and how strategy relates to policy, to
operations and to tactics. Students will analyse the causes and variable character of
war and about the ethical issues that are inseparable from the use or threat of force.
Students will discuss land, sea, air, space and cyber war.
Studying Politics and International Relations:Skills and Metbods - PU8
1he flrsL parL of Lhls module alms Lo Leach and develop some of Lhe lmporLanL sub[ecLspeclflc and
Lransferable skllls needed ln order Lo be able Lo successfully compleLe Lhe programmes LaughL ln Lhe
ueparLmenL of ollLlcs and lnLernaLlonal 8elaLlons ln parLlcular Lhe module alms Lo develop sLudenLs'
ablllLy Lo crlLlcally read and lnLerpreL LexLs Lo wrlLe essays Lo prepare effecLlvely for Lhe varlous
assessmenL meLhods used ln Lhe ueparLmenL (essays oral presenLaLlons exams) Lo work ln groups and
Lo use Lhese skllls ln order Lo lmprove Lhelr own learnlng 1he second half of Lhls module provldes a



baslc lnLroducLlon Lo some of Lhe key LheoreLlcal and meLhodologlcal lssues lnvolved ln Lhe sLudy of
pollLlcs
Preliminary reading
O HARVEY, M. - 'The Nuts and Bolts oI College Writing', Hackett, 2003
O MARSH, . & STOKER, G. (eds) - 'Theory and Methods oI Political Science', Palgrave,
3rd ed., 2010
100 Coursework
earning outcomes
O An awareness oI the wide range oI learning resources available at the University oI Kent.
O Familiarity with the assessment methods used in Politics and International Relations.
O The ability to describe and use methods to organise and write essays, to prepare Ior and
take exams, to prepare Ior and give presentations, and to apply creative and critical
thinking skills.
O An understanding oI some oI the key issues in the philosophy oI social science.
O The ability to critically assess the assumptions underlying some oI the main approaches
to the study oI politics and international relations.
Introduction to International Politics - PU
This module is addressed to students who have hitherto had no training in the academic
field of International Relations. It aims to establish a good basis from which to appreciate
at a higher level the theoretical schools of thought in the study of international relations,
and to provide a strong grounding in the study of international politics as the basis for the
further study in Stage 2 on the subject matter of the discipline of international relations. It
aims to create an awareness of, and a basic level of exposure to, some of the major issue
areas in the study of contemporary international relations. It also seeks to make students
cognizant of the main sub-fields that exist within the study of international relations and be
able to relate them to each other. reliminary reading
O BROWN, C. - 'Understanding International Relations'
O NICHOLSON, M. - 'International Relations'
O BAYLIS, J., SMITH, S., & OWENS, P. (eds.) - 'The Globalization oI World Politics'
O Timothy unne, Milja Kurki, Steve Smith (eds.), International Relations Theories:
iscipline and iversity (OxIord: OxIord University Press, 2006)
earning outcomes
O A good basis Ior Iurther work in theory oI International Relations
O An awareness oI major sub-Iields in International Relations
O A strong grounding Ior Iurther work in International Relations programmes


tbics in International Relations - PU9
The aim of this module is to explore the role of ethics in international politics. We examine
the meaning of morality
and ethical judgement in the context of a number of issues and practices in international
relations, including wars,
terrorism, human rights, global inequality and multinational corporations. Students will
critically assess the ethical
practices of states and non-state actors through theoretical analysis, case studies and
simulation exercisesPreliminary reading
O Walzer M Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, New
York: Basic Books, 2006
O Amstutz M International Ethics: Concepts, Theories and Cases in Global Politics, 3rd ed.,
Lanham M: Rowman & LittleIield, 2008
O Bell, ., ed. Ethics and World Politics, OxIord University Press, 2010.
earning outcomes
O Understand the complexity oI ethical issues and the extent to which ethical judgements
are applicable to international practice
O Summarise and critically assess the dominant theories oI international ethics
O Understand and evaluate critical approaches to international morality in light oI
universalist and particularist arguments
O Evaluate the ethics oI key practices oI international politics
O Assess the role oI human rights in international politics
O Apply theoretical perspectives to case studies
O IdentiIy the practical and ethical problems and limits oI international law, state
sovereignty, and international justice with regard to key state and non-state practices.
International History and International Relations - PU
This module introduces first year undergraduate students to some of the key historical
events of modern history, and related debates and questions that have occupied the
discipline of International Relations (IR). The focus is on communicating a few key themes,
ideas, issues and principles that recur throughout the history of the last hundred years, and
that cut across various theoretical approaches and different schools of thought. These key
ideas include: war, conflict, violence and terror; international reformism; the nature of
international order under conditions of anarchy; the balance of power; the influence of
ideology on international affairs and on theorising; the tension between order and justice in
the international sphere; and the nature of imperialism and its effects. Exploration of these
themes, ideas, and issues emerges through analysis of the World Wars, the old War,
decolonisation and the emergence of the US as the world's sole superpower in the post-old
War era. The course places an emphasis on historical events between the global North and
South, as these events often led to dramatic shifts and changes in international relations


and foreign policy. Students will be encouraged to identify significant continuities and
changes in international politics across the period studied. Preliminary reading
O John Baylis, Steve Smith, and Patricia Owens (eds.), The Globalization oI World Politics,
Fourth Edition, (OxIord: OUP, 2007).
O Jenny Edkins and Maja ZehIuss (eds.), Global Politics, A New Introduction, (London:
Routledge, 2009).
O Michael Cox, Tim unne and Ken Booth (eds), Empires, Systems and States: Great
TransIormations in International Politics, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
2001).
earning outcomes
O By the end oI the module, students will:
O Have a basic knowledge oI some oI the key themes and events in the study oI
international history;
O Be able to relate these historical debates to some oI the key debates in International
Relations theory;
O Have an introductory knowledge oI some oI the International Relations literature relating
to issues oI war and peace, security, Ioreign policy, sovereignty, and resources;
O Have an understanding oI war, terror, empire and revolutions as the motors` oI history;
O Be able to discuss liberal alternatives to war such as international organizations and the
democratic peace principle, and have a basic knowledge oI the end oI history` thesis and
its relevance.
Modules
The IR Online curriculum aims at providing in-depth theoretical knowledge and seeks to equip
students with the capacity to apply theoretical concepts to pressing issues in world politics. In a
period oI two years, thirteen modules are to be successIully completed in both individual and
interactive settings. Credit points will be awarded Ior successIul completion oI each module.

IR Online invites you to study the following modules:
1. Introduction and International Relations (IR) Theory
2. Core Curriculum
3. Practical Training

1 Introduct|on and Internat|ona| ke|at|ons (Ik) 1heory


Introduction and Tools
Instructed by: Dr. Ingo Peters
This module introduces students to the study oI IR, as well as relevant working techniques and
tools oI the discipline. It also aims at achieving a common basis Irom which to proceed to Iurther
modules. In a second part, it provides an introduction in academic writing as well as
methodological training. Students will learn how to design a research proposal and conduct
substantial research in social sciences.
lassical Theories of International Relations
Instructed by: Prof. David Rousseau
This module will Iamiliarize students with traditional and innovative strands oI contemporary IR
theory and allow students to assess their comparative strengths and weaknesses. For each oI the
theories, students will be able to identiIy meta-theoretical assumptions, levels oI analysis, causal
mechanisms,and logical, as well as empirical, critiques. Furthermore, this module will establish
the connection between theoretical lenses and their application to genuine policy questions.
Students will be able to assess political problems and make policy recommendations in regard to
diIIerent theoretical understandings oI a conIlict situation.
New Approaches to Understanding Global Politics
Instructed by: A.A.
Traditional approaches and explanatory models oI political and social sciences, including
international relations, oIten cannot adequately capture contemporary problems and challenges in
national and global politics any more. New Approaches to Understanding Global Politics is an
innovative global politics theory module that, in a trans-disciplinary way, analyzes and explains
the challenges Ior traditional politics. It incorporates available insights Irom the Iields oI
sociology, neurosciences, (behavioral) economics as well as network-analysis, and joins them
with political science. Experts in diIIerent Iields have contributed to this module.

Core Curr|cu|um
Globalization
Instructed by: Dr. Erin Wilson
This module gives students an introduction to the major transIormations occurring in global
economics, politics, culture, and ecology. It will introduce students to various tools assisting in
the interpretation and assessment oI these transIormations. On the basis oI this theoretical basis,
this module provides students with real-world situations and tools to work on various Iorms oI
political conIlicts. As students study this module, they are encouraged to consider what aspects
oI IR they would like to Iocus on throughout the course oI the program are you most interested
in the political, economic, cultural, or ecological aspects?
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European Politics
Instructed by: A.A.
This module introduces students to the institutional design oI the European Union and
Iamiliarize them with the path oI European integration. Students will learn how to analyze and
assess EU-related issues and developments by applying diIIerent theoretical tools and by looking
at issues through diIIerent theoretical lenses. Special emphasis is given to various Iields oI
European policy-making and on Ioreign relations oI the European Union.
International aw
Instructed by: Prof. Bill Burke-White
This module Iamiliarizes students with basic principles oI international law and covers relevant
Iields, such as subjects and sources oI international law. In addition, it discusses important
concepts oI international relations in light oI international law, and covers relevant Iields subject
to international law, such as states and statehood, sovereignty and intervention, and international
trade. The module Iurthermore introduces tools oI international law, such as means oI dispute
settlements, human rights law, or international criminal law. Finally, it discusses intersections oI
international relations and international law and locates mutual Iields oI interests between the
two disciplines.
International Trade and Finance
Instructed by: Max Bge
International Trade and Finance is a comprehensive Iield oI analysis at the point oI intersection
between political science and economics. It comprises a broad and elaborated theoretical
Ioundation and a variety oI sound methodological tools, oIten borrowed Irom micro- and
macroeconomics. It oIIers a number oI valuable instruments Ior analyzing dynamics in the
international arena oI today`s world, such as globalization, regional integration, changing
patterns oI production, and development. This module will introduce students to major theories
oI international macroeconomics and international relations that are relevant Ior IPE.
Furthermore, students will be Iamiliarized with the structure oI international organizations, such
as the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In case
studies, important aspects like the rise oI multinational companies, the question oI trade and
human right standards, and new environmental challenges will be discussed.
International Security
Instructed by: A.A.
This module provides students with a background on the development oI security and risk in
Iields oI academic study, analyzing the oIten contested terminologies and policies that are used
within this area. The theoretical section places the Iocus on Iour diIIerent conIlict situations (war,
civil war, terrorism, and ethnic conIlict), which are explained in depth. The module concludes
with a longer section on the diIIerent approaches to security. War, deIense mechanisms, and
peace-keeping eIIorts are among the subjects which are broached within this module.
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Migration, itizenship, and Identity
Instructed by: Dr. Silke Hans
This module Iocuses on the social, political, and economic causes and consequences oI migration
processes. In our globalizing world, both international and internal migration is on the rise. The
module introduces students to theoretical approaches that attempt to explain the dynamics oI
migration movements and the motivation oI people to move (or not to move). In addition, the
module oIIers an opportunity to apply these theories to speciIic processes oI migration in both
historical and current settings. Furthermore, the module is dedicated to the study oI the politics
oI migration and immigrant integration.
onflict Management
Instructed by: Prof. Patricia Maulden
This module examines conIlict dynamics, resolution approaches, as well as considerations and
constraints to these Iactors. As potential conIlict managers, students will learn useIul tactics and
strategies to enhance planning and policy-making. The module will introduce students to sources
and legacies oI conIlicts, and ways to cope with them.
Megacities - New Sites of Governance (optional)
Instructed by: Prof. Patricia McCarney
This module develops an intellectual Iramework Ior thinking about and engaging in a deeper
analysis oI cities and their role in world aIIairs. Theoretical concepts are discussed in the context
oI terms such as globalization, localization, glocalization, and the global city. The module traces
the question oI how cities can be situated in a global context theoretically, demographically,
economically, politically, and culturally. In addition, major points oI concern and challenges
cities Iace will be outlined, and approaches to contemporary city governance discussed. This
module is optional. It may be substituted with Media and International Relations.
Media and International Relations (optional)
Instructed by: Prof. Steven Livingston
InIormation and communication technologies globalized media structures, the Internet and
social media, satellite imagery and GIS applications open up new ways oI communication,
interaction, and organization oI collective action in global politics. This module looks into the
socio-economic eIIects oI these technologies and considers how processes oI global governance
may shiIt and empower new agents and non-state actors. This module is optional. It may be
substituted with Megacities.

ract|ca| 1ra|n|ng
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International Negotiation and Simulation
Instructed by: Simon Raiser and Bjrn Warkalla (Planpolitik e.J.)
uring the simulation module, students are brieIed about a conIlict situation in international
relations that needs to be managed within the international community. Students become a
delegate oI a Ioreign country, show their communicative and intercultural competence, and
experience how international negotiations unIold. On a theoretical basis, students will be
Iamiliarized with theories and concepts oI negotiations and bargaining.
Intercultural Studies (optional)
Instructed by: Dr. Heidi Denzel de 1irado
This module Iocuses on the concepts and consequences oI cultural issues pertaining to
international relations. Moreover, it presents new studies in cultural cognition and perception oI
the environment, including diIIerent views oI the selI, the community, and the concept oI
individual rights. Intercultural Studies conveys basic terminology and more speciIic knowledge
about concepts oI culture and value systems, enabling participants to assess and classiIy
examples, thus imparting working methods and skills relevant to real-liIe situations. The module
is optional; alternatively, students can choose the module Practical Training/ Internship.
Practical Training/Internship (optional)
The two-month practical training period allows students to gain insights into a diIIerent
vocational Iield that students aspire to work in. The training will take the Iorm oI an internship;
students will have the opportunity to work in a major Iield oI interest and reIlect about their
experience and a potential career adjustment or change. The internship will be guided and
supervised by the respective company or organization oI the students' choice. It is possible to
split the internship or do a longer, part-time training. The proIessional training is optional
students may substitute it with the module Intercultural Studies.