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Ultra Violet (UV) Disinfection Michael Kuhns International Business Development Manager Trojan Technologies 6 Rte de
Ultra Violet (UV) Disinfection
Michael Kuhns
International Business Development Manager
Trojan Technologies
6 Rte de Compois
CH-1222 Vésenaz – Geneva
Switzerland
November 2011
Background of Trojan Technologies Brief overview of conventional disinfection techniques Basic principals of UV
Background of Trojan Technologies
Brief overview of conventional disinfection techniques
Basic principals of UV
Advantages of UV
UV Disinfection Project Implementation

Trojan Technologies

1977

1981

1993

2003

2004

2005

2009

2010

2011

Founded (London, Ontario)

First municipal install Tillsonburg, ON

Listed on Toronto Stock Exchange

Revenues exceeded $100MM

Joined the Danaher Corporation

Purchased Aquafine

Launched Viqua

Danaher Corporation Purchased Aquafine Launched Viqua ™ Delivered 76 TrojanUVTorrent™ reactors to New York City

Delivered 76 TrojanUVTorrent™ reactors to New York City

Launched market shifting Solo lamp technology

Trojan is the worlds largest supplier of UV-based treatment systems for municipal drinking water, wastewater, environmental contaminant treatment, residential, and industrial applications

for municipal drinking water, wastewater, environmental contaminant treatment, residential, and industrial applications

TROJAN CAPABILITIES

Trojan Global Offices

Canada - Head Office

United States - 4 locations

Europe - 8 locations

Australia – 1 location

Southeast Asia 1 location

Middle East – 1 location

Logistics & Manufacturing Facilities

Canada, US, Europe & China

Worldwide Technical Support

24 hours a day 7 days a week

Representative Network

Over 200 offices in 90 countries on 6 continents

• 24 hours a day 7 days a week Representative Network • Over 200 o ffi
• 24 hours a day 7 days a week Representative Network • Over 200 o ffi

Successful Trojan Partnerships

PWN Water Supply Company – Netherlands Partnered with Trojan to develop the TrojanUVSwift™ECT for pesticide destruction

Orange County, California Water District First installation of TrojanUVPhox™ D72AL75 Industry standard for UV-oxidation systems in Indirect Potable Reuse of Wastewater

Honolulu, Hawaii Large-scale installation of TrojanUV4000Plus TM Optimized for primary wastewater effluent with low %UVT

New York City, New York Largest MDW installation in the world, 10,660 ML/D at two facilities Catskill Delaware and Croton under construction

PUB, Singapore Partnered with Trojan in piloting UV-oxidation for on-demand Taste & Odor control municipal drinking water

Singapore Partnered with Trojan in piloting UV-oxidation for on-demand Taste & Odor control municipal drinking water
Brief overview of conventional disinfection techniques Wastewater Drinking Water Environmental Contaminant Treatment
Brief overview of conventional disinfection techniques
Wastewater
Drinking Water
Environmental Contaminant Treatment

COMMON UV DISINFECTION APPLICATIONS

Disinfection of Primary Treated Effluent (e.g. 5,000 FC/100 ml)

Unfiltered Secondary Effluent (e.g. 200 FC/100 ml)

Tertiary Effluent (following sand, disk, membrane filter)

Disinfection for WW reuse and reclamation (e.g. 2.2 TC/100 ml)

Photolysis / Oxidation for specific contaminants in WW (e.g. NDMA)

Disinfection of Combined and Sanitary Sewer Overflows

UV Transmission Scale:

20%20% -- 50%50% 50%50% -- 70%70% >> 70%70%
20%20% -- 50%50%
50%50% -- 70%70%
>> 70%70%

• Primary Effluent • Blended Effluent • Lagoons CSO, SSO

• Secondary Effluent • Filtered Effluent • WW Reuse • Fixed Film Effluent

• Post-membrane

• High-level reuse

• Contaminant destruction

Effluent • WW Reuse • Fixed Fil m Effl uent • Post-membrane • High-level reuse •
www.wef.org
www.wef.org

W

Wastewater

t

t

as ewa er

R

i

i

ti

euse ( rr ga on)

950’000 m 3 /d (11m 3 /s)

800 MP lamps

2.2 MW Santa Rosa,CA

Secondary Wastewater Disinfection

’ Low pressure lamps City of Winnipeg Replacement of Cl 2

380 000 m /d

3

Primary Wastewater Disinfection

340’000 m 3 /d Medium pressure lamps City of Honolulu

Cl 2 380 000 m /d 3 Primary Wastewater Disinfection 340’000 m 3 /d Medium p
Typical Drinking Water Treatment Process Surface Water Source Lake, River Coagulation Chemical Sedimentation
Typical Drinking Water Treatment Process
Surface Water Source
Lake, River
Coagulation
Chemical
Sedimentation
Disinfection
Filtration
Storage
Distribution

Drinking Water

Drinking Water • City of Rotterdam, • City of Seattle, • City of New York, •
Drinking Water • City of Rotterdam, • City of Seattle, • City of New York, •

City of Rotterdam,

City of Seattle,

City of New York,

Altogether > 4500 municipal installations in > 50 countries ~ 75 million m 3 /d (~870 m 3 /s) ~250 million people equivalent

MP,

468’000 m 3 /d repl. Cl 2

MP,

684’000 m 3 /d

repl. prim. Cl 2 or O 3 dis

LP,

8’360’000 m 3 /d repl. prim. Cl 2

2 MP, 684’000 m 3 /d  repl. prim. Cl 2 or O 3 dis LP,
Environmental Contaminant Treatment Sources of contaminants in our water supply: - Industrial discharge -
Environmental
Contaminant
Treatment
Sources of contaminants
in our water supply:
- Industrial discharge
- Agricultural runoff
- Chemical releases
- Municipal wastewater
- Algal blooms
160 Environmental Contaminant Treatment Water Reuse OCWD 140 120 100 80 60 • Due to
160
Environmental Contaminant Treatment
Water Reuse OCWD
140
120
100
80
60
• Due to water scarcity in Southwestern US, water
must be reused
40
20
0
• Treated wastewater injected and percolated into
aquifers (~1/2 the cost of desalination)
Influent NDMA
Effluent NDMA
6.000
• Treatment Train: WWTP – MF – RO – UVox
5.000
4.000
• UV-oxidation used for:
3.000
– NDMA destruction (> 1.2 logs: 150ppt to <10
ppt)
2.000
1.000
– 1.4 Dioxane
– Disinfection
0.000
Influent MS2
– Additional barrier against endocrine
l
Effluent MS2
d sruptors, p armaceut ca & ue add t ves
di
h
i
l & f
ddi i
• Full scale flow rate: 380’000 m 3 /d
• O&M costs: < $0.02/m 3
NDMA Concen tration
(ng/L)
Log (pfu/mL) MS 2
Basic principals of UV
Basic principals of UV

WHAT IS ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT?

UV-A (Long Wave UV): 315-400 nm UV-B (Middle Wave UV): 280-315 nm UV-C (Short Wave
UV-A (Long Wave UV):
315-400 nm
UV-B (Middle Wave UV):
280-315 nm
UV-C (Short Wave UV):
200-280 nm
ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT? UV-A (Long Wave UV): 315-400 nm UV-B (Middle Wave UV): 280-315 nm UV-C (Short

How does UV work?

UV light penetrates the cell wall

The UV energy permanently alters the DNA structure of the microorganism Cell Wall

The microorganism is inactivatedand unable to reproduce or infect

UV Energy
UV Energy

DNA Nucleic Acid

Cell Wall • The microorganism is “ inactivated ” and unable to reproduce or infect UV

Why UV?

Cost-effective protection

against chlorine-resistant

or anisms (e and Giardia)

Cr pto

.

y

.

Delivers additional CT

g p regulations

enablin

lants to meet

Protects public health

Adenovirus Chlorine Disinfection As a part of a multi- barrier strategy, UV offers maximum public
Adenovirus
Chlorine
Disinfection
As a part of a multi-
barrier strategy, UV
offers maximum
public health
protection
Rotavirus
Giardia
Crypto
Dual
Protection
UV Disinfection
Poliovirus
Hepatitus A
Legionella
Streptococcus
E.coli
UV Dos e

Chlorine CT

Dual Protection UV Disinfection Poliovirus Hepatitus A Legionella Streptococcus E.coli UV Dos e Chl or ine

DOSES for 2 Log (99%) INACTIVATION

UV Dose Cl ClO O 2 2 3 mWs/cm 2 mg/L * min mg/L *
UV Dose
Cl
ClO
O
2
2
3
mWs/cm 2
mg/L * min
mg/L * min
mg/L * min
Shigella dysenteriae
4.2
E coli
.
6 6
.
0 034 - 0 05
.
.
0 4 - 0 75
.
.
0 02
.
Fecal coliform
6.8
Salmonella enteritidis
7.6
Pseudomonas
10.5
Aeruginosa
Clostridium tetani
spores
22
Influenza
6.6
Polio
14
1.1 - 2.5
0.2 – 6.7
0.1 - 0.2
Rotavirus
17
0.01 - 0.05
0.2 - 2.1
0.006
Adenovirus type 15
80
Giardia Lamblia
5
47 - 150
7.2 - 18.5
0.5-0.6
Cryptosporidium Parvum
4.9
720
> 78
3.75
Bacillus Anthracis
35
80-220
Bacteria
Virus
Prot
Spo

Disinfectants Dose Spans

19 x

20’000 x

400 x

625 x

Bacillus Anthracis 35 80-220 Bacteria Virus Prot Spo Disinfectants Dose Spans 19 x 20’000 x 400

AFFECTING PERFORMANCE – UV TRANSMITTANCE (UVT)

The ratio of light entering the water to that exiting the water

Length of 1 cm

Examples:

Filtered Surface Water:

85 – 95%

Unfiltered Surface Water:

80 – 95%

Secondary Wastewater:

50 – 70%

of 1 cm Examples: Filtered Surface Water: 85 – 95% Unfiltered Surface Water: 80 – 95%
of 1 cm Examples: Filtered Surface Water: 85 – 95% Unfiltered Surface Water: 80 – 95%

UV Dose

UV DOSE Intensity Residence = X Time
UV
DOSE
Intensity
Residence
=
X
Time

UV Dose is expressed in:

µWsec/cm 2 (Microwatt seconds/cm 2 ) mWsec/cm 2 (Milliwatt seconds/cm 2 )

mJ/cm 2

(Millijoules/cm 2 )

UV Dose = Disinfection energy applied to water
UV Dose = Disinfection energy applied to water
2 ( Milliwatt seconds/cm 2 ) mJ/cm 2 (Millijoules/cm 2 ) UV Dose = Disinfection energy

UV Lamps – Low Pressure

Low Pressure Lamp UV Output
Low Pressure Lamp UV Output

UV output is primarily 254 nanometers - monochromatic

254 nm wavelength is ideally suited to microbial disinfection

i s primarily 254 nanometers - monochromatic • 254 nm wavelength is ideally suited to microbial

UV Lamps – Medium Pressure

Medium Pressure Lamp UV Output
Medium Pressure Lamp UV Output

Broad spectrum of UV output (<200 to >600 nm) - polychromatic

Though less efficient, medium pressure lamps emit more UV energy - allowing very compact treatment systems capable of treating large flows

pressure lamps emit more UV energy - a ll ow i ng very compact treatment systems

Traditional UV Solutions Have Forced a Compromise

Low energy solution required significantly more lamps (LPHO lamp technology)

Solution with small footprint, fewer lamps and lower maintenance required MP lamp technology, sacrificed electrical efficiency

MP lamp technolo gy , sacrificed electrical efficienc y With TrojanUV Solo Lamp T M Technology
MP lamp technolo gy , sacrificed electrical efficienc y With TrojanUV Solo Lamp T M Technology
MP lamp technolo gy , sacrificed electrical efficienc y With TrojanUV Solo Lamp T M Technology

With TrojanUV Solo Lamp TM Technology you can have best of both

technolo gy , sacrificed electrical efficienc y With TrojanUV Solo Lamp T M Technology you can

Benefits of Both MP and LP Lamps

Benefits of Both MP and LP Lamps Power consumption of a LPHO System Lamp count comparable

Power consumption of a LPHO System

Lamp count comparable to a MP Lamp System

Benefits of Both MP and LP Lamps Power consumption of a LPHO System Lamp count comparable
Advantages of UV Wastewater disinfection Drinking Water disinfection Environmental Contaminant Treatment
Advantages of UV
Wastewater disinfection
Drinking Water disinfection
Environmental Contaminant Treatment

UV SYSTEM LAYOUT

System Control C en er ( t SCC )
System Control
C
en er (
t
SCC
)
Hydraulic System Center (HSC) Electronic Ballast Power Distribution Center (PDC) UV Module On Line Cleaning
Hydraulic System
Center (HSC)
Electronic
Ballast
Power Distribution
Center (PDC)
UV Module
On Line Cleaning System
Water Level Controller

NPV Analysis - 19 MLD WWTP, New Construction

NPV Analysis - 19 MLD WWTP, New Construction

19 MLD WWTP New Construction Cost Details

19 MLD WWTP New Construction Cost Details

19 MLD WWTP New Construction UV vs. Chlorine Gas

$1,400 Chlorine Capital Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV. $1,200 Chlorine Operating UV Capital $1 000
$1,400
Chlorine Capital
Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV.
$1,200
Chlorine Operating
UV Capital
$1 000
,
UV Operating
$800
$600
$400
$200
$0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Years
Thousand s

19 MLD WWTP New Construction UV vs. Hypochlorite

$1,400 Hypo Capital Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV. $1,200 Hypo Operating UV Capital $1 000
$1,400
Hypo Capital
Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV.
$1,200
Hypo Operating
UV Capital
$1 000
,
UV Operating
$800
$600
$400
$200
$0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Years
Thousand s

NPV Analysis - 19 MLD WWTP Retrofit

NPV Analysis - 19 MLD WWTP Retrofit

19 MLD WWTP Retrofit Cost Details

19 MLD WWTP Retrofit Cost Details

5 MLD WWTP Retrofit UV vs. Chlorine Gas

$1 000 , $900 Chlorine Capital Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV. Chlorine Operating $800 UV
$1 000
,
$900
Chlorine Capital
Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV.
Chlorine Operating
$800
UV Capital
$700
UV Operating
$600
$500
$400
$300
$200
$100
$0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Years
Thousands

19 MLD WWTP Retrofit UV vs. Hypochlorite

$1,000 $900 Hypo Capital Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV. Hypo Operating $800 UV Capital $700
$1,000
$900
Hypo Capital
Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV.
Hypo Operating
$800
UV Capital
$700
UV Operating
$600
$500
$400
$300
$200
$100
$0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Years
Thousand s

NPV Analysis – 57 MLD WWTP, New Construction

NPV Analysis – 57 MLD WWTP, New Construction

57 MLD WWTP New Construction Cost Details

57 MLD WWTP New Construction Cost Details

57 MLD WWTP New Construction UV vs. Chlorine Gas

$3,500 Chlorine Capital Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV. $3,000 Chlorine Operating UV Capital $2 500
$3,500
Chlorine Capital
Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV.
$3,000
Chlorine Operating
UV Capital
$2 500
,
UV Operating
$2,000
$1,500
$1,000
$500
$0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Years
Thousand s

57 MLD WWTP New Construction UV vs. Hypochlorite

$3,500 Hypo Capital Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV. $3,000 Hypo Operating UV Capital $2,500 UV
$3,500
Hypo Capital
Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV.
$3,000
Hypo Operating
UV Capital
$2,500
UV Operating
$2,000
$1,500
$1,000
$500
$0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Years
Thousan ds

NPV Analysis 57 MLD WWTP, Retrofit

NPV Anal y sis – 57 MLD WWTP , Retrofit

57 MLD WWTP Retrofit Cost Details

57 MLD WWTP Retrofit Cost Details

57 MLD WWTP Retrofit UV vs. Chlorine Gas

$3,000 Chlorine Capital Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV. $2,500 Chlorine Operating UV Capital UV Operating
$3,000
Chlorine Capital
Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV.
$2,500
Chlorine Operating
UV Capital
UV Operating
$2,000
$1,500
$1,000
$500
$0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Years
Thousand s

57 MLD WWTP Retrofit UV vs. Hypochlorite

$3,000 Hypo Capital Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV. $2,500 Hypo Operating UV Capital UV Operating
$3,000
Hypo Capital
Note: Graph represents accumulated NPV.
$2,500
Hypo Operating
UV Capital
UV Operating
$2,000
$1,500
$1,000
$500
$0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Years
Thousand s
UV Disinfection Project Implementation References Example of procurement
UV Disinfection Project Implementation
References
Example of procurement

UV INSTALLATIONS

6500+ Municipal Wastewater Installations 850+ Municipal Drinking Water Installations In over 80 countries around the world:

• United States (4000+ installations)

• Canada (900+ installations)

• Australia (130+ installations)

• China (340+ installations)

• UK & Europe (750+ installations)

• MENA (65+

installations)

Over 1.7 million litres per second treated with Trojan UV

UV Energy
UV Energy
26000 L/s Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant with TrojanUV4000Plus™
26000 L/s Secondary Wastewater Treatment
Plant with TrojanUV4000Plus™
per secon d t rea ted with Trojan UV UV Energy 26000 L/s Secondary Wastewater Treatment

NY City Project

UV Disinfection project

Construction from 2007 – 2010, plant live by 2011

UVT = 87% cm -1 (unfiltered surface water)

by 2011 UVT = 87% cm - 1 (unfiltered surface water) Dose = 40 mJ/cm 2

Dose = 40 mJ/cm 2

Flow = 8.3 Mm 3 /d (96m 3 /s; 56 trains x150,000 m 3 /d)

3-log Crypto and Giardia to comply with LT2ESWTR by

2011

/d) 3-log Crypto and Giardia to comply with LT2ESWTR by 2011 Design specification required system using

Design specification required system using LPHO amalgam lamp technology

Full-scale UV unit validation and comparative testing

2 UV manufacturers selected to provide one UV unit for performance testing and validation at an independent facility in Johnstown, NY

Life cycle cost (capital and op. costs) was key factor in selection process

cycle cost (capital and op. costs) was key factor in selection process Trojan’s system selected, shipped
cycle cost (capital and op. costs) was key factor in selection process Trojan’s system selected, shipped

Trojan’s system selected, shipped units in 2007/8

cycle cost (capital and op. costs) was key factor in selection process Trojan’s system selected, shipped

Large-Scale Installation for New York City

Large-Scale Installation for New York City 46
Large-Scale Installation for New York City 46
Large-Scale Installation for New York City 46

46

Vancouver’s Coquitlam WTP

MetVan operates three water treatment plants

Coquitlam Lake is a mountain source

Unfiltered surface water

Installing UV to meet Canadian Drinking Water Quality guidelines

1,200 MLD peak flow

Vertical configuration required to minimize building footprint

Disinfection requirement: 12 mJ/cm 2 dose

Target Cryptosporidium: 3-log reduction

Target Giardia: 3-log reduction

Design UV Transmittance: 84.5%

Pressure rating: 150 psi

3 - l og reduction • Target Giardia: 3-log reduction • Design UV Transmittance: 84.5% •
3 - l og reduction • Target Giardia: 3-log reduction • Design UV Transmittance: 84.5% •
3 - l og reduction • Target Giardia: 3-log reduction • Design UV Transmittance: 84.5% •
TROJANUVSWIFT TM – Sutton & East Surrey, UK
TROJANUVSWIFT TM – Sutton & East Surrey, UK

TROJAN INSTALLATIONS IN ASIA

Country

Disinfection

Number UV Installations

Installed

Application

Capacity

Brunei Darussalam

Wastewater

8

Honk Kong

Wastewater

32

India

Wastewater

1

Japan

Wastewater

73

Drinking Water

1

Korea

Wastewater

64

Philippines

Wastewater

3

Singapore

Wastewater

3

Thailand

Wastewater

49

Vietnam

Wastewater

1

TOTAL

235

UV DISINFECTION IN CHINA – TEDA LEADS

Tianjin Economic Development Area (TEDA)

TrojanUVSwift™

Flow rate: 220,000 m3/day (58 MGD)

Disinfection dose:

40 mJ/cm 2

Barrier to: chlorine- resistant organisms, Cryptosporidium , Giardia, E. Coli

MGD) Disinfection dose: 40 mJ/cm 2 Barrier to: chlorine - resistant organisms, Cryptosporidium , Giardia ,

PILLARS POINT , HONG KONG

Chemically Enhanced Primary Treatment plant

525,000 cubic meters / day

TSS = 90 mg/l

UVT = 20%

<20,000 eColi / 100 ml disinfection target

Consortium has 15-yr guaranteed operations contract

• Consortium has 15-yr guaranteed operations contract • UV opex < $850,000 per year for average

UV opex < $850,000 per year for average conditions

January 2013 start-up

UV3000Plus >5000 lamps

Pillars Point, Hong Kong Procurement Cycle

Thank Y Michael International Business Development M Trojan Techno 6 Rte de Co CH-1222 Vésenaz
Thank Y
Michael
International Business Development M
Trojan Techno
6 Rte de Co
CH-1222 Vésenaz – G
Switz
Email: mkuhns@trojanu
Mobile: +33 675 2
Appendix
Appendix