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Tutorial 14

Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil

Sample files used in this tutorial can be copied to your working directory from <CFXROOT>/examples. See Working Directory (p. 2) and Sample Files (p. 3) for more information.

Sample files referenced by this tutorial include:

• HeatingCoil.pre

• HeatingCoil_001.res

• HeatingCoil_solid92.cdb

• HeatingCoilAnimation.avi

• HeatingCoilANSYSResults.rst

• HeatingCoilMesh.gtm

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Introduction

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14.A:

14.A.1:

Introduction

Features explored in this tutorial

Introduction: This tutorial addresses the following features of CFX-5.

Component

Feature

Details

CFX-Pre

User Mode

General Mode

Simulation Type

Steady State

Fluid Type

General Fluid

Domain Type

Multiple Domain

Turbulence Model

k-Epsilon

Heat Transfer

Thermal Energy

Conjugate Heat Transfer

Subdomains

Energy Source

Boundary Conditions

Inlet (Subsonic)

 

Opening

Wall: No-Slip

Wall: Adiabatic

 

CEL (CFX Expression Language)

Timestep

Physical Timescale

CFX-Solver Manager

n/a

n/a

CFX-Post

Plots

Cylinder

 

Default Locators

Isosurface

 

Other

Changing the Colour Range

 

Data Export

Expression Editor

Lighting Adjustment

Variable Editor

You learn about:

• creating and using a solid domain as a heater coil in CFX-Pre

• modelling Conjugate Heat Transfer in CFX-Pre

• specifying a subdomain to specify a heat source

• creating a cylinder locator using CEL in CFX-Post

• examining the temperature distribution which is affected by heat transfer from the coil to the fluid

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Help On Help Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Introduction

14.A.2:

Before beginning this tutorial

Introduction: It is necessary that you have a working directory and that sample files have been copied to that directory. This procedure is detailed in "Introduction to the CFX-5 Tutorials" on page 1.

Unless you review the introductory materials and perform required steps including setting up a working directory and copying related sample files, the rest of this tutorial may not work correctly. It is recommended that you perform the tasks in Tutorial 1, Tutorial 2 and Tutorial 3 before working with other tutorials as these three tutorials detail specific procedures that are simplified in subsequent tutorials.

14.A.3:

Overview of the problem to solve

This example demonstrates the capability of CFX-5 in modelling conjugate heat transfer. In this example, part of the model of a simple heat exchanger is used to model the transfer of heat from a solid to a fluid. The model consists of a fluid domain and a solid domain. The fluid domain is an annular region through which water flows at a constant rate. The heater is a solid copper coil modelled as a constant heat source.

Outflow Solid Heater Inflow
Outflow
Solid Heater
Inflow

This tutorial also includes an optional step that demonstrates the use of the CFX to ANSYS Data Transfer Tool to export thermal and mechanical stress data for analysis in ANSYS. A results file is provided in case you wish to skip the model creation and solution steps within CFX-5. If you wish to do this, copy the results file from the examples directory to your working directory and continue from Exporting the Results to ANSYS (p. 322).

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14.B:

Defining the Simulation in CFX-Pre

This section describes the step-by-step definition of the flow physics in CFX-Pre. If you wish, you can use the session file HeatingCoil.pre

complete this section for you and continue from Obtaining a Solution (p. 318). See one of the first four tutorials for instructions on how to do this.

to

14.B.1:

Creating a New Simulation

1.

Start CFX-Pre and create a new simulation named HeatingCoil using the General Mode.

14.B.2:

Importing the Mesh

Tip: While we provide a mesh to use with this tutorial, you may want to develop your own in the future. Instructions on how to create this mesh in CFX-Mesh are available from the CFX Community Site. Please see "Mesh Generation" on page 3 for details.

1. Copy the mesh file HeatingCoilMesh.gtm, located in the examples directory (<CFXROOT>/examples), to your working directory.

2. Click the Mesh tab.

3. Right-click in the Mesh Selector and select Import.

4. Leave Mesh Format set to CFX-5 GTM file.

5. Set File to HeatingCoilMesh.gtm.

6. Click OK to import the mesh.

7. Click Isometric View (Z up)

.
.

14.B.3:

Creating the Domains

This simulation requires both a fluid and a solid domain. First, you will create a fluid domain for the annular region of the heat exchanger.

The fluid domain will include the region of fluid flow but exclude the solid copper heater.

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Defining the Simulation in CFX-Pre

To create the fluid domain

1. Create a domain named FluidZone.

2. On the General Options panel:

a. Click

to expand the list of available regions and set Location to Location to

B1.P3.

b. Set Domain Type to Fluid Domain.

c. Set Fluids List to Water.

d. Set Coord Frame to Coord 0.

e. Set Reference Pressure to 0

f. Under Buoyancy, set Option to Non Buoyant.

g. Under Domain Motion, set Option to Stationary.

[atm].

3. Click the Fluid Models tab, then:

a. Under Heat Transfer Model, set Option to Thermal Energy.

b. Under Turbulence Model, set Option to k-Epsilon.

c. Under Turbulent Wall Functions, set Option to Scalable.

d. Under Reaction or Combustion Model and Thermal Radiation Model, leave Option set to None.

4. Click the Initialisation tab, then:

a. Turn on Domain Initialisation.

b. Turn on Initial Conditions. The Automatic option is suitable for all variables. See "Automatic" on page 87 in the document "CFX-5 Solver Modelling" for details of the automatic initial guess.

c. Turn on Turbulence Eddy Dissipation and set Option to Automatic.

14.B.4:

To create the solid domain

5. Click OK to create the domain.

Solid Domain

1. Create a domain named SolidZone.

2. On the General Options panel:

a. Click

to expand the list of available regions and set Location to Location to

B2.P3.

b. Set Domain Type to Solid Domain.

c. Set Solids List to Copper.

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3. Click the Solid Models tab, then:

a. Under Heat Transfer, set Option to Thermal Energy.

b. Under Thermal Radiation Model, set Option to None.

Since you know that the copper heating element will be much hotter than the fluid, you can initialise the temperature to a reasonable value. The initialisation option that is set when creating a domain applies only to that domain.

4. Click the Initialisation tab, then:

a. Under Temperature, set Option to Automatic with Value and Temperature to 550 [K].

5. Click OK to create the domain.

14.B.5:

Creating the Subdomain

 

To allow a thermal energy source to be specified for the copper heating element, you need to create a Subdomain.

1. Click the Subdomain

1. Click the Subdomain icon.

icon.

2. Create a Subdomain named heater in domain SolidZone.

3. On the Basic Settings panel, set Location to B2.P3. This is the same location as for the domain SolidZone, because we want the source term to apply to the entire solid domain.

4. Click the Sources tab, then:

 

a. Turn on Sources and Energy.

b. Set Source to 1.0E+07 [W m^-3].

5. Click OK to create the Subdomain.

14.B.6:

Creating the Boundary Conditions

To create the inlet boundary condition

You will now create an inlet boundary condition for the cooling fluid (Water).

1. Create a boundary condition named inflow in domain FluidZone.

2. On the Basic Settings panel, set:

a. Boundary Type to Inlet

b. Location to inflow

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Defining the Simulation in CFX-Pre

3. Click the Boundary Details tab, then:

a. Under Mass and Momentum, set Option to Normal Speed and Normal Speed to 0.4 [m s^-1].

b. Under Turbulence, set Option to Medium (Intensity = 5%).

c. Under Heat Transfer, set Option to Static Temperature and Static Temperature to 300 [K].

To create the opening boundary condition

4. Click OK to create the boundary condition.

1. Create a boundary condition named outflow in domain FluidZone.

2. On the Basic Settings panel, set:

a. Boundary Type to Opening

b. Location to outflow

The opening boundary condition type is used in this case because we expect, at some stage during the solution, that the coiled heating element will cause some recirculation at the exit. At an opening boundary you need to set the temperature of fluid that enters through the boundary. In this case it is useful to base this temperature on the fluid temperature at the outlet, since we expect the fluid to be flowing mostly out through this opening.

3. Select Create > Library Objects > Expression Editor.

4. Create a new expression named OutletTemperature.

5. Set Definition to:

areaAve(T)@outflow You can right-click in the Definition window to access the function

(Functions > Integrated Quantities > areaAve) and variable (Variables > T). The locator outflow will not be available until you have created the boundary condition, so you will have to type this part of the

expression.

6. Click Apply.

7. Click the Physics tab (click the

6. Click Apply . 7. Click the Physics tab (click the button to scroll the tabs,

button to scroll the tabs, if necessary).

The boundary condition editor for the opening will reappear in its last

state.

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8. Click the Boundary Details tab, then:

a. Under Mass and Momentum, set Option to Pressure and

Direction (stable) and Relative Pressure to 0

[Pa].

b. Under Flow Direction, set Option to Normal to Boundary Condition.

c. Under Turbulence, set Option to Medium (Intensity = 5%).

d. Under Heat Transfer, set Option to Static Temperature and Static Temperature to OutletTemperature (for this expression, click

the field, then the

icon beside the field before typing).(for this expression, click the field, then the 9. Click OK to create the boundary condition.

9. Click OK to create the boundary condition.

The default adiabatic wall boundary condition will automatically be applied to the remaining unspecified external boundaries of the fluid domain.

The default Fluid-Solid Interface boundary condition (flux conserved) will be applied to the surfaces between the solid domain and the fluid domain.

14.B.7:

Setting Solver Control

 

1. Click Solver Control

.
.

2. Under Convergence Control, set:

 

a. Timescale Control to Physical Timescale

b. Physical Timescale to 2

[s]

This is a particular fraction of the domain length divided by the inlet velocity.

c. Max. No. Iterations to 100

 

d. Solid Timescale Control to Auto Timescale

For the Convergence Criteria, an RMS value of at least 1e-05 is usually required for adequate convergence, but the default value is sufficient for demonstration purposes. See "Judging Convergence" on page 364 in the document "CFX-5 Solver Modelling" for more details.

3.

Click OK to set the solver control parameters.

14.B.8:

Writing the Solver (.def) File

 
.
.

1. Click Write Solver (.def) File

2. Leave Operation set to Start Solver Manager.

3. Turn on Report Summary of Interface Connections.

4. Click OK.

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Defining the Simulation in CFX-Pre

Since this tutorial uses a solid domain, domain interfaces are created automatically between the fluid and solid regions. Report Summary of Interface Connections was turned on and therefore an information window is displayed that informs you of the connection type used for each domain interface. See "Connection Types" on page 127 in the document "CFX-5 Solver Modelling" for details.

5. Click OK in the information window.

6. Select File > Quit from the CFX-Pre main menu.

7. Click Yes when asked if you want to save the CFX file.

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14.C:

Obtaining a Solution

When the CFX-Solver Manager has started, obtain a solution to the CFD problem by clicking Start Run. While the calculations proceed, you can see residual output for various equations in both the text area and the plot area. Use the tabs to switch between different plots (e.g. Heat Transfer, Turbulence Quantities, etc.) in the plot area. You can view residual plots for the fluid and solid domains separately by editing the Workspace Properties (start from the Workspace menu). See "Monitors: Plot Lines" on page 27 in the document "CFX- Solver Manager" for details.

When the CFX-Solver has finished:

1. Click OK.

2. Click Post-Process Results

.
.

3. When Start CFX-Post appears, turn on Shut down Solver Manager then click OK.

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Viewing the Results

14.D:

Viewing the Results

This tutorial introduces conjugate heat transfer to the modelling capability of CFX-5.

When CFX-Post has loaded, look at the default graphics objects that have been created in the Object Selector. You should see the following named Boundaries in the object tree:

Default 1 Side FluidZone Part 1 Default 1 Side SolidZone Part 2 FluidZone Default SolidZone Default inflow outflow

The boundaries with the Default suffixes are automatically generated by CFX-Pre on unspecified boundaries. SolidZone Default and FluidZone Default refer to the wall boundary conditions between the solid domains, fluid domains, and the outside world. Default 1 Side FluidZone Part 1 and Default 1 Side SolidZone Part 2 refer to the fluid-side and solid-side boundaries respectively at the fluid-solid interface.

Some interesting plots may be obtained by doing the following:

• Colour Default 1 Side FluidZone Part 1 by Temperature or Wall Heat Transfer Coefficient.

• Leave the visibility of Default 1 Side FluidZone Part 1 turned on and turn on the visibility for Default 1 Side SolidZone Part 2. Change the Face Culling on the Render panel to Front Faces for both of these regions. Since domain boundaries always have normal vectors that point out of the domain, this removes the faces visible from the outside of each domain and leaves the faces visible from the inside of each domain. The fluid side of the interface is now coloured according to the colouring for Default 1 Side FluidZone Part 1 and the solid side of the interface is coloured according to the colouring for Default 1 Side SolidZone Part 2. You can see how face culling works by turning off the visibility of one of the surfaces, then rotating the view, paying particular attention to the ends of the coil. For more information, see "Face Culling" on page 20 in the document "CFX-Post".

• Create a YZ Plane passing through X = 0 and then colour that Plane by

Temperature using a User Specified range of 300

Use Flat Shading (available on the Render panel under Draw Mode). On the Colour panel, switch between using Conservative and Hybrid

[K] to 305 [K].

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values for Temperature. As you do this examine the change in the YZ Plane at the interface between the solid heating coil and the surrounding fluid. This behaviour is explained in "Hybrid and Conservative Variable Values" on page 29 in the document "CFX-Post".

• On the Colour panel for the previously-defined YZ Plane, set Range to Local, then try colouring by different variables.

• On the Colour panel for the previously-defined YZ Plane, set Range to Global, then alter the Domains field on the Geometry panel. Turn off any graphics objects that hide the inside of the coil.

• Create an XY plane at Z = 2.24. Colour by Temperature using a Local range. You will see that the exit Temperature distribution is uneven due to the shape of the heating coil, with more heat transfer occurring on the high-Y side of the domain.

heat transfer occurring on the high-Y side of the domain. 14.D.1: To create the expression Creating

14.D.1:

To create the expression

Creating a Cylindrical Locator

Next, you will create a cylindrical locator close to the outside wall of the annular domain. This can be done by using an expression to specify radius and locating a particular radius with an isosurface.

.
.

1. Click Create expression

1. Set Name to expradius.

2. In the Definition box, type the following expression:

(x^2 + y^2)^0.5

3. Click Apply to create the expression.

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Viewing the Results

To create the variable

1. Click Create variable

and set Name to radius .

and set Name to radius.

2. Set Expression to expradius and then click Apply.

To create an Isosurface of the variable

1. Click Create isosurface

and accept the default name Isosurface 1 .

and accept the default name Isosurface 1.

The maximum radius is 1 m, so creating a cylinder locator at a radius of 0.8 m is suitable.

2. Set Variable to radius and Value to 0.8.

3. On the Colour panel, set:

a. Mode to Variable

b. Variable to Temperature

c. Range to User Specified

d. Min to 300 [K]

e. Max to 302 [K]

4. Click Apply. The cylinder will be visible.

An easier and more powerful way of creating cylinders is described in "Surface of Revolution" on page 87 in the document "CFX-Post".

14.D.2:

Specular Lighting

Specular lighting is on by default. To see the effect of specular lighting, turn off Lighting and Specular on the Render panel for the Isosurface (Do not forget to click Apply.). Specular lighting allows glaring bright spots on the surface of an object, depending on the orientation of the surface and the position of the light.

The light source can be moved in one of two ways.

If using Standalone: To move the light source, start with the mouse pointer somewhere in the viewer area, then hold down the <Ctrl> key and click and drag using the right mouse button.

If using Workbench: To move the light source, press and hold Shift and then press the arrow keys left, right, up or down.

For more information on conjugate heat transfer in CFX-5, see "Conjugate Heat Transfer" on page 24 in the document "CFX-5 Solver Theory".

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14.E:

Exporting the Results to ANSYS

This optional step involves generating ANSYS .cdb data files from the results generated in the CFX-Solver. The stress analysis to be carried out in ANSYS will measure the combined effects of thermal and mechanical stresses on the solid heating coil using the Multifield Solver.

Important: This method requires that you have a Multiphysics license for ANSYS. If you are unsure whether you have the required license, please consult your ANSYS customer support representative.

There are two possible routes when exporting data to ANSYS. The method used in this section uses the CFX-Solver Manager export utility and the ANSYS Multiphysics application to carry out a stress analysis on the solid heating coil. Instructions for this method can be followed from Exporting Data from the CFX-Solver Manager (p. 322).

The second method uses CFX-Post to export data (see Export (p. 60)) and involves the following steps:

• Importing a surface mesh from ANSYS into CFX-Post, and associating the surface with the corresponding 2D region in the CFX-5 results file.

• Exporting the data to a file containing SFE commands that represent surface element thermal or mechanical stress values.

• Loading the commands created in the last step into ANSYS and visualising the loads.

14.E.1:

Exporting Data from the CFX-Solver Manager

As the heat transfer in the solid domain has been calculated in CFX-5, the 3D thermal data will be exported to an ANSYS element type 70 results file. The mechanical stresses are calculated on the liquid side of the liquid-solid interface. These values will be exported as 2D data to an ANSYS element 154 type results file.

1. Start the CFX-Solver Manager.

2. Select Tools > Export to ANSYS Multifield.

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Exporting the Results to ANSYS

3. The first step is to export 3D thermal data. Set the following on the Export to ANSYS Multifield form:

a. Results File to HeatingCoil_001.res The Export File field is automatically filled in.

b. Edit the file name by appending _70 to the end of the name that appears in the Export File box. (The file should be called

HeatingCoil_001_ansysfsi_70).

c. Domain to SolidZone

d. Leave the Boundary box empty

e. ANSYS Element Type to 3D Thermal (70).

f. Leave the Output Modifiers at the default settings.

g. Click Export.

4. When the export is complete, click OK to acknowledge the message and then set the following:

a. Domain to FluidZone

b. Export File to HeatingCoil_001_ansysfsi_154

c. Boundary to Default 1 Side FluidZone Part 1

d. ANSYS Element Type to 2D Stress (154)

e. Click Export

14.E.2:

This completes the export stage of the tutorial.

Processing the Results in ANSYS: GUI method

Command-line instructions are also available for the following steps. To follow those instructions instead, continue reading from Processing the Results in ANSYS: Command Line method (p. 335).

The ANSYS main menu is similar to the workspaces in CFX-5, and contains a tree structure with expandible categories based on processes, to readily access aspects of the simulation. The Utility Menu is similar to the Main Menu Bar in CFX-5, containing utility functions that are available throughout the ANSYS session, such as file controls, selecting, graphics controls, and setting parameters.

Starting ANSYS

1. Start ANSYS Multiphysics from the ANSYS launcher.

The mesh itself has already been generated and is provided for use in the following steps. The data files created in the previous steps will be used.

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PreProcessing

1. In the ANSYS Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > Checking Ctrls > Shape Checking. Set Level of shape checking to Off, then click OK. You will receive a warning message: click Close to ignore it for this case.

2. Copy the mesh file HeatingCoil_solid92.cdb from the examples directory to your working directory.

3. Go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Import. On the MFS Import form, set:

a. Field number to 3

b. Option to db

c. Import File Name to HeatingCoil_solid92.cdb

4. Click OK.

Note: Keep the .cdb file in your working directory (without spaces in the name) if working on a pc.

directory (without spaces in the name) if working on a pc. 5. In the Utility Menu,

5. In the Utility Menu, select List > Properties > Element Types to verify

that the cdb file was imported correctly. Then click Close to close the

window.

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6. To set the material properties, in the Main Menu go to Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models, then:

a. Under Favorites > Linear Static > Density, set DENS to 8933

b. Under Favorites > Linear Static > Linear Isotropic, set EX to 1.1e11 and PRXY to 0.35.

c. Under Favorites > Linear Static > Thermal Expansion, set Reference temperature to 300 [K] and ALPX to 1.65e-5.

d. Under Thermal > Conductivity > Isotropic, set KXX to 401.

e. Under Thermal > Specific Heat, set C to 385.

f. Click Material > Exit to close the window.

385 . f. Click Material > Exit to close the window. 7. In the Utility Menu,

7. In the Utility Menu, select List > Properties > All Materials to verify the above settings.

8. Click Close to close the window.

9. In the Utility Menu, select Select > Comp/Assembly > Select Comp/Assembly.

a. Select by component name and click OK.

b. On the Select Component or Assembly form, set Name to END_1 and Type to From full set.

c. Click Apply.

d. Repeat step (a).

e. On the Select Component or Assembly form, set Name to END_2, but with Type set to Also Select.

f. Click OK.

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10. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Nodes.

a. Click on Pick All.

b. On the Apply U,ROT on Nodes form, select All DOF.

c. Click OK.

11. In the Utility Menu:

a. Select Select > Comp/Assembly > Select All.

b. Select Select > Everything.

c. Select Select > Entities.

d. Set fields up as shown in the figure below.

Entities . d. Set fields up as shown in the figure below. Figure 1: e. Click

Figure 1:

e. Click Sele All.

f. Click OK.

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Exporting the Results to ANSYS

12. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Apply

> Field Volume Intr > On Elements.

a. Click Pick All.

b. On the Apply FVIN on Elements form, set VAL1 to 1.

c. Click OK.

13. In the Utility Menu, select Select > Comp/Assembly > Select Comp/Assembly.

a.

Choose by component name and click OK.

b.

On the Select Component or Assembly form, set

Name to HELIX

Type to From Full Set

c.

Click OK.

14. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Apply

> Field Surface Intr > On Nodes.

a. Click Pick All.

b. On the Apply FSIN on nodes form set VALUE to 1.

c. Click OK.

15. In the Utility Menu:

a. Select Select > Comp/Assembly > Select All.

b. Select Select > Everything.

16. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Import. On the MFS Import form, set:

a. Field number to 1

b. Option to db

c. Import File Name to

HeatingCoil_001_ansysfsi_154.cdb

17. Click OK.

Note: Keep the .cdb file in your working directory (without spaces in the name) if working on a pc.

18. In the Utility Menu, select List > Properties > Element Types to verify that the cdb file was imported correctly.

19. Click Close to close the window.

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20. In the Utility Menu, select Select > Entities.

a. Set the fields up as shown in "Figure 1:" on page 326, except type surf154 as the element name.

b. Click Sele All.

c. Click OK.

21. In the Utility Menu, select Select > Entities.

a. Set the fields to Nodes, Attached To, and Elements.

b. Click OK.

22. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Apply > Field Surface Intr > On Nodes.

a. Click Pick All.

b. On the Apply FSIN on Nodes form, set VALUE to 1.

c. Click OK.

23. In the Utility Menu, select Select > Everything.

24. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Import. On the MFS Import form, set:

a. Field number to 2

b. Option to db

c. Import File Name to HeatingCoil_001_ansysfsi_70.cdb

25. Click OK.

Note: Keep the .cdb file in your working directory (without spaces in the name) if working on a pc.

26. In the Utility Menu, select List > Properties > Element Types to verify that the cdb file was imported correctly. Click Close to close the

window.

27. Go to the input field at the top of the GUI and type:

esel,s,type,,1

This is the same as the steps you followed in steps 9 and 16, but done via the command line.

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28. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Apply > Field Volume Intr > On Elements.

a. Click Pick All.

b. On the Apply FVIN on Elements form, set VAL1 to 1.

c. Click OK.

29. In the Utility Menu, select Select > Everything.

30. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Setup > Global. Set the fields to match the figure below and click OK.

Set Up > Setup > Global . Set the fields to match the figure below and

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31. In the Main Menu, select Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Setup > Order. Set the fields to match the figure below and click OK.

. Set the fields to match the figure below and click OK . 32. In the

32. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Setup > External. Select 1 and 2, as shown in the figure and click OK.

Set Up > Setup > External . Select 1 and 2, as shown in the figure

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33. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Interface > Surface. Set the fields to match the figure below and click OK.

. Set the fields to match the figure below and click OK . 34. In the

34. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Interface

> Volume.

Specify TEMP, 2, 3, and 1 as shown below and click OK.

. Specify TEMP, 2, 3, and 1 as shown below and click OK . 35. In

35. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Time Ctrl. Set:

a. MFIT to 1

b. MFDT to 1

c. MFRS to 0

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36. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Stagger

> Max Iterations.

37. Set MFIT to 1.

38. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Stagger

> Relaxation.

39. Select FORC and TEMP, as shown below and click OK.

39. Select FORC and TEMP , as shown below and click OK . 40. In the

40. In the pop-up window, set both the FORC and TEMP Relaxation values to 1.0, and then click OK.

41. In the Main Menu, go to Preprocessor > MultiField Set Up > Clear. Specify SOLU and click OK.

Set Up > Clear . Specify SOLU and click OK . 42. In the Utility Menu,

42. In the Utility Menu, select File > Save As and specify a convenient location and filename.

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Exporting the Results to ANSYS

Solution

43. In the Main Menu, go to Solution > Solve > Current LS (Current Load

Step).

44. Click OK.

45. The results have also been provided. To access the results file, copy HeatingCoilANSYSResults.rst from the examples directory to your working directory.

14.E.3:

PostProcessing

1. In the Utility Menu, select File > Clear & Start New. When you get a “verify” message asking you to confirm the /clear command, choose Yes.

2. In the Main Menu, go to General Postproc > Data & File Opts.

a. Under Data to Be Read, select All items.

b. Enable the Read single result file toggle.

c. Browse to the HeatingCoilANSYSResults.rst file.

d. Click OK.

3. In the Main Menu, select General Postproc > Read Results > Last Set.

4. Click Yes on the verify message.

5. Click on the Isometric View icon

6. From the Utility Menu, select PlotCtrols > Style > Edge Options.

Menu, select PlotCtrols > Style > Edge Options . on the right-hand toolbar. a. Set Element

on the right-hand toolbar.

a. Set Element outlines for non-contour/contour plots, to Edge only/All.

b. Click OK.

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7. In the Utility Menu, select Plot > Results > Deformed Shape. Select Def + undeformed (deformed and undeformed), and then click OK. This gives a scaled displacement output, not the actual displacements (which are very small).

output, not the actual displacements (which are very small). 8. In the Utility Menu, select Plot

8. In the Utility Menu, select Plot > Results > Contour Plot > Elem Solution.

a. Click Stress to get a list of available stresses.

b. Scroll down to select von Mises stress.

c. Choose Deformed shape with undeformed model.

d. Click OK.

to select von Mises stress . c. Choose Deformed shape with undeformed model . d. Click

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9. To view an animation, go to the Utility Menu and select PlotCtrls > Animate > Deformed Shape.

a. Choose Def shape only.

b. Click OK. An avi named HeatingCoilAnimation.avi has been added to the examples directory. Copy the file to your working directory if you wish to view it.

c. Click Close in the Animation Control window to stop the animation and close the window.

10. In the Utility Menu, select List > Results > Options.

11. In the Results coord system field, select Global cylindric, and click OK.

12. In the Main Menu, go to General Postproc > Plot Results > Contour Plot > Element Solu.

a. Click Stress to get a list of stresses.

b. Select X-Component of stress. Note that although you are choosing the X component, because of the rotated coordinate system, this is, in reality, the R component.

c. Choose Deformed shape with undeformed model, and click OK.

Deformed shape with undeformed model , and click OK . 14.E.4: Processing the Results in ANSYS:

14.E.4:

Processing the Results in ANSYS: Command Line method

As an alternative to running the GUI method, the following command line arguments can be run to achieve the same results as the GUI method:

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/batch,list

/prep7

shpp,off !read in HeatingCoil_solid92.cdb physics ANS_STRUC

mfim,3,db,HeatingCoil_solid92,cdb

etlist !set material properties for copper

mp,ex,1,1.1e11

mp,alpx,1,1.65e-5

mp,dens,1,8933

mp,kxx,1,401

mp,c,1,385

mp,prxy,1,0.35

mplist !dirichlet bc

cmsel,s,end_1,node

cmsel,a,end_2,node

d,all,ux d,all,uy d,all,uz cmsel,all allsel !volumetric interface

esel,s,type,,1

bfe,all,fvin,,1

!surface interface cmsel,s,helix,node

sf,all,fsin,1

cmsel,all allsel !read in cfx pressure physics CFX_PRES

mfimp,1,db,HeatingCoil_001_ansysfsi_154,cdb

etlist

!surface interface

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Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Heating Coil—Exporting the Results to ANSYS

esel,s,type,,1

nsle,s,1

sf,all,fsin,1

alls !read in CFX solid thermal physics CFX_HEAT

mfimp,2,db,HeatingCoil_001_ansysfsi_70,cdb

etlist !volumetric interface

esel,s,type,,1

bfe,all,fvin,,1

allsel

finish

/solu

etlist

mfan,on

mfor,1,2,3

mfti,1

mfdt,1

mfin,cons

mfclear,solu

mfsu,1,1,forc,3

mfvo,1,2,temp,3

mfex,1,2

mfit,1

mfre,temp,1.0

mfre,forc,1.0

mfbuc,on,50.0

mflist

save

solve

finii

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