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PREZENTARE GENERALA

Portugalia sau Republica Portughez este o ar situat n extrema sud-vestic a Europei, din
Peninsula Iberic, avnd grani cu Oceanul Atlantic n vest i n sud, i cu Spania n nord i n est.
Teritoriul portughez include dou grupuri de insule ale Atlanticului: Insulele Azore i Insulele Madeira.
Scurt istoric: mprirea natural a Peninsulei Iberice nu este de la vest spre est, ci de la sud spre
nord, separnd cultura i climatul atlantic de cel mediteranean. Totui, Portugalia cu graniele aproape
stabilite n secolul al XIII-lea, este una dintre cele mai vechi naiuni din Europa. A descoperit i a pierdut
un imperiu, i-a abandonat i i-a rectigat autonomia, iar de la revoluia din 1974, care a pus capt
perioadelor dictatoriale, i-a format noi legturi cu fostele sale posesiuni. Triburile iberice ale lusitanilor
care populau teritoriul Portugaliei n antichitate a fost supuse de romani n secolele I - II . Hr. Lusitania,
provincie a Imperiului Roman, este cucerit n secolul al X-lea d. Hr. de triburile germanice ale suevilor,
n secolul al XI-lea de ctre vizigoi, intrnd apoi, n anii 711 - 718, n stpnirea arabilor. Din secolul al
X-lea, tinuturile cuprinse ntre rurile Minho i Douro sunt desemnate cu numele de Terra Portucallis, de
la numele roman Portus Calle, al oraului Porto. n timpul Reconquistei (secolele IX - XIII), pe teritoriul
eliberat de sub dominaia arab ia fiin, n 1095, comitatul Portugaliei, vasal Regatului Len, iar n 1139
regatul independent portughez. n 1147 este recucerit Lisabona (care va nlocui Coimbra ca reedin
regal), n 1249, provincia sudic Algarve, ultima aflat sunt stpnire arab. La ncheierea Reconquistei
sunt trasate hotarele cu Spania vecin (1267), Portugalia fiind primul stat european care-i fixeaz
definitiv frontierele, rmase neschimbate pn astzi.n secolul al XV-lea i la nceputul secolului al XVIlea, Portugalia devine o mare putere maritim, punnd bazele unui vast imperiu colonial: (ins. Capului
Verde, Angola, Mozambic, Arabia de Sud, coasta occidental a Indiei, peninsula Malacca, Ceylon,
Brazilia), apogeul expasiunii teritoriului i al nfloririi economice i culturale fiind atins n timpul
domniei regelui Manuel I (1495 - 1521). La jumtatea secolului al XVI-lea, Portugalia pierde statutul de
mare putere maritim, cea mai mare parte a imperiului su colonial fiind cucerit, n secolele XVII-XVIII,
de Olanda i Anglia. ntre 1580 i 1640, Portugalia este anexat de ctre Spania. Lentul i inexorabilul
declin nu poate fi oprit nici de reformele n spiritul absolutismului luminat din timpul regelui Jos I de
Bragana (1750 - 1777), nici de introducerea monarhiei constituionale n (1822). n 1822, Brazilia, cea
mai important colonie a Portugaliei, i proclam independena. Secolul al XIX-lea este marcat de
antagonismul dintre liberali (republicani) i conservatori (regaliti), care rbufnete n frecvente rzboaie
civile. La 5 octombrie 1910 monarhia este abolit, iar Portugalia se proclam republic. Lovitura de stat
militar din 28 mai 1926, iniiat de generalul Carmona, deschide calea dictaturii lui Antnio de Oliveira
Salazar (ministru de finane din 1928), apoi prim-ministru (1932 - 1968), care impune n 1933 o
constituie de tip fascisto-corporatist. n 1949 Portugalia devine membru fondator al NATO. La 25 aprilie
1974 o insurecie militar (Revoluia Garoafelor Roii), iniiat de forele armate obosite de rzboaiele
coloniale, i nltur pe succesorii lui Salazar (preedintele Amrico Toms i prim-ministrul Marcelo
Caetano) i deschide calea restaurrii democraiei. Se prbuete astfel, fr vrsare de snge, ultimul i
cel mai vechi regim dictatorial al Europei occidentale. Dreptul coloniilor portugheze la autodeterminare i
suveranitate este recunoscut oficial la 19 iulie 1974, n anul urmtor dobndindu-i independena
Guineea-Bissau, insulele Capului Verde, So Tom i Prncipe, Mozambic i Angola. O relativ
instabilitate politic, tensiuni i tentative de puciuri militare de stnga i dreapta, frecvente restructurri n
lumea partidelor politice jaloneaz drumul Portugaliei spre o democraie pluralist echilibrat. Portugalia
devine n 1986 membru al Uniunii Europene. Reflex al progresului economic l constituie organizarea la
1

Lisabona, n 1998, a Expoziiei Universale, cu ocazia mplinirii a 500 de ani de la descoperirea de ctre
Vasco da Gama a drumului spre India.
Din punct de vedere politic, Portugalia a nlturat progresiv instituiile nedemocratice i s-a
stabilizat ca o democraie constituional. Cele patru mari organe politice portugheze sunt Preedinia,
Guvernul (primul ministru i Consiliul de Minitri), Parlamentul i puterea judiciar. Preedintele, ales
prin vot direct pentru un mandat de 5 ani, este comandant ef al forelor armatei. Puterile prezideniale
includ alegerea primului ministru i a Consiliului de Minitri, n care preedintele trebuie s fie ghidat de
rezultatele alegerilor. Consiliul de Stat, un organ prezidenial de supraveghere, este compus din ase
ofieri civili seniori, orice fost preedinte ales ncepnd cu 1976, cinci membri alei de ctre Adunarea
Republicii, i cinci alei de ctre preedinte. Guvernul este condus de ctre un prim ministru, care
numete Consiliul de Minitri. Adunarea Republicii (Assembleia da Repblica) este un organ unicameral
compus din 230 de deputai. Deputaii sunt alei prin vot universal, conform sistemului de reprezentare
proporional, pentru un mandat de patru ani, cu excepia cazului n care preedintele dizolv Adunarea i
cere alegeri anticipate. Curtea Suprem Naional este curtea ultimului apel. Curile militare,
administrative i fiscale sunt desemnate drept categorii diferite de curi. Un Tribunal Constituional
format din nou membri verific constituionalitatea legislaiei.
In ceea ce priveste districtele si regiunile tarii, Portugalia continental este format din 18
districte (distritos, singular - distrito): Aveiro, Beja, Braga, Bragana, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, vora,
Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa (Lisabona)-capitala tarii, Portalegre, Oporto (Porto), Santarm, Setbal,
Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, Viseu, iar Portugalia insular cuprinde dou regiuni autonome: Azore i
Insulele Madeira. Fiecare district este subdivizat n municipaliti (concelhos, singular - concelho).
Geografic vorbind, Portugalia continental este mprit n dou de rul ei principal, Tagus
(Tejo). Alte ruri importante sunt: Douro, Minho i Guadiana. Ca i rul Tagus, toate izvorsc din Spania.
n nord, relieful este format din muni. Cel mai nalt punct al Portugaliei se afl n partea insular: Mount
Pico (2.351 m), n Azore. n sud, spre Algarve, relieful este format mai ales din cmpii, i clima de aici
este ceva mai clduroas i mai uscat dect n nordul rcoros i ploios.
Economia Portugaliei a devenit o economie diversificat i n continu cretere, bazat pe
servicii, de la aderarea la Uniunea European, n 1986. n ultima decad, guverne succesive au privatizat
multe firme controlate de stat i au liberalizat zone cheie ale economiei, incluznd sectoarele financiar i
telecomunicaii. ara a ntrunit criteriile pentru Uniunea Monetar European (EMU) n 1998 i a nceput
s foloseasc noua sa moned, euro, pe 1 ianuarie 2002, mpreun cu alte 11 state membre ale U.E.
Demografia: Portugalia este o ar relativ omogen din punct de vedere lingvistic, etnic i
religios. Limba portughez este vorbit n ntreaga ar, cu excepia oraului Miranda de Douro, n care
dialectul Asturian este recunoscut ca limb oficial. Minoritile, inclusiv cele formate din imigranii
africani din fostele colonii, numr mai puin de 100.000 de oameni. In total populatia tarii este de
11.317.192 locuitori. Majoritatea populaiei portugheze este de confesiune romano-catolic.

Partea a I-a
1. Analiza cheltuielilor bugetare COFOG
indic_na
geo
unit

Government expenditure by function (COFOG)


Total general government expenditure
Portugal
Percentage of GDP

A. Date absolute
sector

General Government

Cofog
Time
total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05
gf06
gf07
gf08
gf09
gf10

Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

2000
41.1
5.9
1.5
1.7
4.6
0.7
1.0
6.2
1.2
6.4
12.1

2001
42.5
6.0
1.4
1.7
4.9
0.7
1.0
6.5
1.3
6.5
12.5

2002
42.3
5.8
1.3
1.8
4.2
0.6
0.9
6.5
1.3
6.7
13.2

2003
43.8
6.3
1.3
2.0
4.2
0.6
0.7
6.7
1.2
6.6
14.2

2004
44.7
6.4
1.3
1.9
4.3
0.6
0.7
7.0
1.1
6.8
14.7

2005
45.8
6.6
1.4
2.0
4.2
0.6
0.6
7.2
1.2
6.9
15.2

2006
44.5
6.5
1.3
1.9
3.6
0.7
0.7
6.7
1.1
6.6
15.5

2007
43.6
6.9
1.2
1.8
3.5
0.6
0.7
6.6
1.0
6.1
15.3

2008
43.6
6.8
1.2
2.0
2.8
0.7
0.7
6.3
1.1
6.3
15.7

2009
48.0
6.9
1.4
2.2
3.9
0.7
0.6
7.1
1.1
6.7
17.4

2010
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

sector

Central Government

Cofog
Time
total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05
gf06
gf07
gf08
gf09
gf10
sector

Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

2000
30.8
8.6
1.5
1.6
3.0
0.1
0.1
6.0
0.6
5.8
3.5

2001 2002
31.5 31.4
8.8
9.1
1.4
1.3
1.6
1.7
3.2
2.6
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
6.2
6.2
0.6
0.5
6.0
6.1
3.5
3.7

2003
32.5
9.4
1.3
1.9
2.6
0.1
0.0
6.4
0.5
6.0
4.2

2004
33.5
9.8
1.3
1.9
2.8
0.2
0.0
6.6
0.6
6.2
4.3

2005
34.4
10.2
1.4
1.9
2.6
0.2
0.0
6.8
0.5
6.3
4.5

2006
33.1
10.4
1.3
1.9
2.3
0.2
0.0
6.3
0.4
6.0
4.3

2007 2008 2009 2010


32.1 31.8 35.3 :
10.4 10.6 11.3 :
1.2
1.2
1.4 :
1.8
1.9
2.2 :
2.1
1.5
2.5 :
0.1
0.1
0.1 :
0.0
0.0
0.0 :
6.2
6.0
6.7 :
0.4
0.4
0.4 :
5.5
5.7
6.0 :
4.3
4.3
4.7 :

2000
5.9
1.3
0.0
0.1
1.5
0.5
0.9
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.2

2001 2002
6.3
6.4
1.3
1.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.7
1.6
0.5
0.5
0.9
0.8
0.3
0.3
0.7
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.3

2003 2004
6.2
6.1
1.8
1.9
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.5
1.4
0.5
0.4
0.7
0.6
0.3
0.4
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.2

2005
6.4
1.9
0.0
0.1
1.5
0.5
0.6
0.4
0.7
0.6
0.2

2006
6.5
1.9
0.0
0.1
1.2
0.5
0.7
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.5

2007
6.7
2.1
0.0
0.1
1.3
0.5
0.6
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.5

Local Government

Cofog
Time
total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05
gf06
gf07
gf08
gf09
gf10

Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

2008 2009 2010


6.8
7.1 :
2.1
2.2 :
0.0
0.0 :
0.1
0.1 :
1.3
1.3 :
0.6
0.6 :
0.7
0.6 :
0.3
0.4 :
0.6
0.7 :
0.6
0.7 :
0.4
0.4 :

sector

Social Security Funds

Cofog
Time
total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05
gf06
gf07
gf08
gf09
gf10
sector

Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

2000
9.4
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.3

2001 2002
9.8
9.7
1.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.7
9.2

2000

2001 2002
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

2003 2004
10.3 10.7
0.4
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.8 10.2

2005
11.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.5

2006
11.2
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.6

2007
11.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.5

2008 2009 2010


11.4 12.8 :
0.5
0.5 :
0.0
0.0 :
0.0
0.0 :
0.0
0.0 :
0.0
0.0 :
0.0
0.0 :
0.0
0.0 :
0.0
0.0 :
0.0
0.0 :
10.9 12.2 :

2005
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

2006

2007

2008 2009
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

State Government

Cofog
Time
total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05
gf06
gf07
gf08
gf09
gf10

Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

2003 2004
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

2010
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
5

REGRUPAT

indic_na
geo
unit

Government expenditure by function (COFOG)


Total general government expenditure
Portugal
Percentage of GDP

sector

General Government

time
General Government Total
Central Government Total
Total
State Government
Total
Local Government
Social Security funds Total

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

General public services


General public services
General public services
General public services
General public services

2000
41.1
30.8

2001
42.5
31.5

2002
42.3
31.4

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010


43.8 44.7 45.8 44.5 43.6 43.6 48.0
32.5 33.5 34.4 33.1 32.1 31.8 35.3 :

6.4
11.0

6.5
11.2

6.7
11.0

6.8
11.4

7.1 :
12.8 :

5.9
9.4

6.3
9.8

6.4
9.7

6.2
10.3

6.1
10.7

5.9
8.6

6.0
8.8

5.8
9.1

6.3
9.4

6.4
9.8

6.6 6.5 6.9 6.8


6.9 :
10.2 10.4 10.4 10.6
11.3 :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.3
1.3
1.5
1.8 1.9
1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1
2.2 :
1.0
1.0
0.4
0.4 0.4
0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
0.5 :

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Defence
Defence
Defence
Defence
Defence

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Public order and safety


Public order and safety
Public order and safety
Public order and safety
Public order and safety

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Economic affairs
Economic affairs
Economic affairs
Economic affairs
Economic affairs

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Environment protection
Environment protection
Environment protection
Environment protection
Environment protection

1.5
1.5

1.4
1.4

1.3
1.3

1.3
1.3

1.3
1.3

1.4
1.4

1.3 1.2
1.2
1.4 :
1.3 1.2
1.2
1.4 :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0 :
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0 :

1.7
1.6

1.7
1.6

1.8
1.7

2.0
1.9

1.9
1.9

2.0
1.9

4.6
3.0

4.9
3.2

4.2
2.6

4.2
2.6

4.3
2.8

4.2
2.6

0.7
0.1

0.7
0.2

0.6
0.2

0.6
0.1

0.6
0.2

0.6
0.2

1.9 1.8
2.0
2.2 :
1.9 1.8
1.9
2.2 :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1 0.1
0.1
0.1 0.1
0.1
0.1 :
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0 :

3.6 3.5
2.8
3.9 :
2.3 2.1
1.5
2.5 :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.5
1.7
1.6
1.5 1.4
1.5
1.2 1.3
1.3
1.3 :
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1 0.0
0.1
0.1 0.0
0.0
0.0 :

0.7 0.6
0.7
0.7 :
0.2 0.1
0.1
0.1 :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5 0.4
0.5
0.5 0.5
0.6
0.6 :
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0 :

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Housing and community amenities


Housing and community amenities
Housing and community amenities
Housing and community amenities
Housing and community amenities

1.0 1.0
0.9 0.7 0.7
0.6
0.7
0.7 0.7
0.1 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.9 0.9
0.8 0.7 0.6
0.6
0.7
0.6 0.7
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0

0.6
0.0
:
0.6
0.0

:
:
:
:
:

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Health
Health
Health
Health
Health

6.2 6.5
6.5 6.7 7.0
7.2
6.7
6.6 6.3 7.1
6.0 6.2
6.2 6.4 6.6
6.8
6.3
6.2 6.0 6.7
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.3 0.3
0.3 0.3 0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4 0.3 0.4
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0

:
:
:
:
:

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Recreation, culture and religion


Recreation, culture and religion
Recreation, culture and religion
Recreation, culture and religion
Recreation, culture and religion

1.2 1.3
1.3 1.2 1.1
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.1 1.1
0.6 0.6
0.5 0.5 0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4 0.4
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.6 0.7
0.7 0.7 0.6
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6 0.7
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Education
Education
Education
Education
Education

6.4 6.5
6.7 6.6 6.8
6.9
6.6
6.1 6.3 6.7 :
5.8 6.0
6.1 6.0 6.2
6.3
6.0
5.5 5.7 6.0 :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.5 0.5
0.5 0.5 0.5
0.6
0.6
0.6 0.6 0.7 :
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0 :

:
:
:
:
:

General Government
Central Government
State Government
Local Government
Social Security funds

Social protection
Social protection
Social protection
Social protection
Social protection

12.1 12.5 13.2 14.2 14.7 15.2 15.5 15.3 15.7 17.4 :
3.5 3.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.7 :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 :
8.3 8.7 9.2 9.8 10.2 10.5 10.6 10.5 10.9 12.2 :

B. Indici cu baza fixa


indic_na
geo
unit
sector

General government expenditure by function (COFOG)


Total general government expenditure
Portugal
Indice baza fixa (2000)
General government

Cofog

Time
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 MINIM

MAXIM MEDIE

1.00

1.03

1.03

1.07

1.09

1.11

1.08

1.06

1.06

1.17 :

1.00

1.17

1.07

gf01

Total
General public
services

1.00

1.02

0.98

1.07

1.08

1.12

1.10

1.17

1.15

1.17 :

0.98

1.17

1.09

gf02

Defence

1.00

0.93

0.87

0.87

0.87

0.93

0.87

0.80

0.80

0.93 :

0.80

1.00

0.89

gf03

Public order and safety

1.00

1.00

1.06

1.18

1.12

1.18

1.12

1.06

1.18

1.29 :

1.00

1.29

1.12

gf04

Economic affairs

1.00

1.07

0.91

0.91

0.93

0.91

0.78

0.76

0.61

0.85 :

0.61

1.07

0.87

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and community
amenities

1.00

1.00

0.86

0.86

0.86

0.86

1.00

0.86

1.00

1.00 :

0.86

1.00

0.93

1.00

1.00

0.90

0.70

0.70

0.60

0.70

0.70

0.70

0.60 :

0.60

1.00

0.76

1.00

1.05

1.05

1.08

1.13

1.16

1.08

1.06

1.02

1.15 :

1.00

1.16

1.08

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

1.00

1.08

1.08

1.00

0.92

1.00

0.92

0.83

0.92

0.92 :

0.83

1.08

0.97

gf09

Education

1.00

1.02

1.05

1.03

1.06

1.08

1.03

0.95

0.98

1.05 :

0.95

1.08

1.03

gf10

Social protection

1.00

1.03

1.09

1.17

1.21

1.26

1.28

1.26

1.30

1.44 :

1.00

1.44

1.20

total

gf06
gf07

10

sector

Central Government

Cofog

Time
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010 MINIM

MAXIM MEDIE

1.00

1.02

1.02

1.06

1.09

1.12

1.07

1.04

1.03

1.15 :

1.00

1.15

1.06

gf01

Total
General public
services

1.00

1.02

1.06

1.09

1.14

1.19

1.21

1.21

1.23

1.31 :

1.00

1.31

1.15

gf02

Defence

1.00

0.93

0.87

0.87

0.87

0.93

0.87

0.80

0.80

0.93 :

0.80

1.00

0.89

gf03

Public order and safety

1.00

1.00

1.06

1.19

1.19

1.19

1.19

1.13

1.19

1.38 :

1.00

1.38

1.15

gf04

Economic affairs

1.00

1.07

0.87

0.87

0.93

0.87

0.77

0.70

0.50

0.83 :

0.50

1.07

0.84

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and community
amenities

1.00

2.00

2.00

1.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

1.00

1.00

1.00 :

1.00

2.00

1.50

1.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

1.00

0.10

1.00

1.03

1.03

1.07

1.10

1.13

1.05

1.03

1.00

1.12 :

1.00

1.13

1.06

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

1.00

1.00

0.83

0.83

1.00

0.83

0.67

0.67

0.67

0.67 :

0.67

1.00

0.82

gf09

Education

1.00

1.03

1.05

1.03

1.07

1.09

1.03

0.95

0.98

1.03 :

0.95

1.09

1.03

gf10

Social protection

1.00

1.00

1.06

1.20

1.23

1.29

1.23

1.23

1.23

1.34 :

1.00

1.34

1.18

total

gf06
gf07

11

sector

Local Government

Cofog

total

Time
2000 2001 2002

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 MINIM

MAXIM MEDIE

1.00

1.07

1.08

1.05

1.03

1.08

1.10

1.14

1.15

1.20 :

1.00

1.20

1.09

1.00

1.00

1.15

1.38

1.46

1.46

1.46

1.62

1.62

1.69 :

1.00

1.69

1.38

gf01

Total
General public
services

gf02

Defence

gf03

Public order and safety

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00 :

1.00

1.00

1.00

gf04

Economic affairs

1.00

1.13

1.07

1.00

0.93

1.00

0.80

0.87

0.87

0.87 :

0.80

1.13

0.95

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and community
amenities

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

0.80

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.20

1.20 :

0.80

1.20

1.02

1.00

1.00

0.89

0.78

0.67

0.67

0.78

0.67

0.78

0.67 :

0.67

1.00

0.79

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.33

1.33

1.33

1.33

1.00

1.33 :

1.00

1.33

1.17

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

1.00

1.17

1.17

1.17

1.00

1.17

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.17 :

1.00

1.17

1.08

gf09

Education

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.40 :

1.00

1.40

1.12

gf10

Social protection

1.00

1.50

1.50

1.00

1.00

1.00

2.50

2.50

2.00

2.00 :

1.00

2.50

1.60

gf06
gf07

12

sector

Social Security Funds

Cofog

Time
2000 2001 2002

2003 2004 2005 2006

2007 2008 2009 2010 MINIM

1.00

1.04

1.03

1.10

1.14

1.17

1.19

1.17

1.21

1.36 :

1.00

1.36

1.14

gf01

Total
General public
services

1.00

1.00

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.50

0.50 :

0.40

1.00

0.56

gf02

Defence

gf03

Public order and safety

gf04

Economic affairs

1.00

0.00

1.00

0.00

1.00

1.00

0.00

0.00 :

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and community
amenities

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

gf09

Education

gf10

Social protection

1.00

1.05

1.11

1.23

1.27

1.28

1.31

1.47 :

total

gf06
gf07

1.00

1.18

0.00

1.27

MAXIM MEDIE

0.00

1.00

1.00

1.47

13

0.50

1.22

sector

State Government

Cofog

Time
2000

2001 2002

2003 2004

2005 2006

2007 2008 2009

2010 MINIM

MAXIM MEDIE

gf01

Total
General public
services

gf02

Defence

gf03

Public order and safety

gf04

Economic affairs

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and community
amenities

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

gf09

Education

gf10

Social protection

total

gf06
gf07

14

C. Indici cu baza in lant


indic_na
geo
unit

General government expenditure by function (COFOG)


Total general government expenditure
Portugal
Indice baza fixa in lant

sector

General government

Cofog
Time

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE

total

Total

1.03

1.00

1.04

1.02

1.02

0.97

0.98

1.00

1.10 :

0.97

1.10

1.02

gf01

General public services

1.02

0.97

1.09

1.02

1.03

0.98

1.06

0.99

1.01 :

0.97

1.09

1.02

gf02

Defence

0.93

0.93

1.00

1.00

1.08

0.93

0.92

1.00

1.17 :

0.92

1.17

1.00

gf03

Public order and safety

1.00

1.06

1.11

0.95

1.05

0.95

0.95

1.11

1.10 :

0.95

1.11

1.03

gf04

Economic affairs

1.07

0.86

1.00

1.02

0.98

0.86

0.97

0.80

1.39 :

0.80

1.39

0.99

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and
community amenities

1.00

0.86

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.17

0.86

1.17

1.00 :

0.86

1.17

1.01

1.00

0.90

0.78

1.00

0.86

1.17

1.00

1.00

0.86 :

0.78

1.17

0.95

1.05

1.00

1.03

1.04

1.03

0.93

0.99

0.95

1.13 :

0.93

1.13

1.02

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

1.08

1.00

0.92

0.92

1.09

0.92

0.91

1.10

1.00 :

0.91

1.10

0.99

gf09

Education

1.02

1.03

0.99

1.03

1.01

0.96

0.92

1.03

1.06 :

0.92

1.06

1.01

gf10

Social protection

1.03

1.06

1.08

1.04

1.03

1.02

0.99

1.03

1.11 :

0.99

1.11

1.04

gf06
gf07

15

sector

Central Government

Cofog

Time
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE

total

Total

1.02

1.00

1.04

1.03

1.03

0.96

0.97

0.99

1.11 :

0.96

1.11

1.02

gf01

General public services

1.02

1.03

1.03

1.04

1.04

1.02

1.00

1.02

1.07 :

1.00

1.07

1.03

gf02

Defence

0.93

0.93

1.00

1.00

1.08

0.93

0.92

1.00

1.17 :

0.92

1.17

1.00

gf03

Public order and safety

1.00

1.06

1.12

1.00

1.00

1.00

0.95

1.06

1.16 :

0.95

1.16

1.04

gf04

Economic affairs

1.07

0.81

1.00

1.08

0.93

0.88

0.91

0.71

1.67 :

0.71

1.67

1.01

gf05

Environment protection :
Housing and
community amenities
:

2.00

1.00

0.50

2.00

1.00

1.00

0.50

1.00

1.00 :

0.50

2.00

1.11

gf06

1.03

1.00

1.03

1.03

1.03

0.93

0.98

0.97

1.12 :

0.93

1.12

1.01

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

1.00

0.83

1.00

1.20

0.83

0.80

1.00

1.00

1.00 :

0.80

1.20

0.96

gf09

Education

1.03

1.02

0.98

1.03

1.02

0.95

0.92

1.04

1.05 :

0.92

1.05

1.00

gf10

Social protection

1.00

1.06

1.14

1.02

1.05

0.96

1.00

1.00

1.09 :

0.96

1.14

1.03

gf07

16

sector

Local Government

Cofog

Time
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE

total

Total

1.07

1.02

0.97

0.98

1.05

1.02

1.03

1.01

1.04 :

0.97

1.07

1.02

gf01

General public services

1.00

1.15

1.20

1.06

1.00

1.00

1.11

1.00

1.05 :

1.00

1.20

1.06

gf02

Defence

gf03

Public order and safety

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00 :

1.00

1.00

1.00

gf04

Economic affairs

1.13

0.94

0.94

0.93

1.07

0.80

1.08

1.00

1.00 :

0.80

1.13

0.99

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and
community amenities

1.00

1.00

1.00

0.80

1.25

1.00

1.00

1.20

1.00 :

0.80

1.25

1.03

1.00

0.89

0.88

0.86

1.00

1.17

0.86

1.17

0.86 :

0.86

1.17

0.96

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.33

1.00

1.00

1.00

0.75

1.33 :

0.75

1.33

1.05

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

1.17

1.00

1.00

0.86

1.17

0.86

1.00

1.00

1.17 :

0.86

1.17

1.02

gf09

Education

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.20

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.17 :

1.00

1.20

1.04

gf10

Social protection

1.50

1.00

0.67

1.00

1.00

2.50

1.00

0.80

1.00 :

0.67

2.50

1.16

gf06
gf07

17

sector

Social Security Funds

Cofog

Time
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE

total

Total

1.04

0.99

1.06

1.04

1.03

1.02

0.98

1.04

1.12 :

0.98

1.12

1.04

gf01

General public services

0.4

1.00

1.00

1.25

1.00

0.80

1.25

1.00 :

0.40

1.25

0.97

gf02

Defence

0.00

0.00 :

gf03

Public order and safety

0.00

0.00 :

gf04

Economic affairs

0.00 :

0.00

1.00

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and community
amenities

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00 :

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

0.00

0.00 :

gf09

Education

0.00

0.00 :

gf10

Social protection

1.12 :

0.99

1.12

gf06
gf07

1.05

1.00

1.06

1.07

0.00 :

1.04

1.00

1.03

1.01

0.99

1.04

18

0.50

1.04

sector

State Government

Cofog

Time
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010 MINIM MAXIM

MEDIE

total

Total

gf01

General public services

gf02

Defence

gf03

Public order and safety

gf04

Economic affairs

gf05

Environment protection
Housing and community
amenities

gf08

Health
Recreation, culture and
religion

gf09

Education

gf10

Social protection

gf06
gf07

19

D. Ponderi
indic_na
geo
unit
sector

General government expenditure by function (COFOG)


Total general government expenditure
Portugal
Ponderi din total
General government

Cofog
Time
2000
total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05

gf06
gf07

gf08
gf09
gf10

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009 2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE

100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 :
Total
General
public services 14.36 14.12 13.71 14.38 14.32 14.41 14.61 15.83 15.60 14.38 :

100.00

100.00

100.00

13.71

15.83

14.57

3.65

3.29

3.07

2.97

2.91

3.06

2.92

2.75

2.75

2.92 :

2.75

3.65

3.03

4.14

4.00

4.26

4.57

4.25

4.37

4.27

4.13

4.59

4.58 :

4.00

4.59

4.31

11.19

11.53

9.93

9.59

9.62

9.17

8.09

8.03

6.42

8.13 :

6.42

11.53

9.17

1.70

1.65

1.42

1.37

1.34

1.31

1.57

1.38

1.61

1.46 :

1.31

1.70

1.48

2.43

2.35

2.13

1.60

1.57

1.31

1.57

1.61

1.61

1.25 :

1.25

2.43

1.74

Health
Recreation,
culture and
religion

15.09

15.29

15.37

15.30

15.66

15.72

15.06

15.14

14.45

14.79 :

14.45

15.72

15.19

2.92

3.06

3.07

2.74

2.46

2.62

2.47

2.29

2.52

2.29 :

2.29

3.07

2.65

Education
Social
protection

15.57

15.29

15.84

15.07

15.21

15.07

14.83

13.99

14.45

13.96 :

13.96

15.84

14.93

29.44

29.41

31.21

32.42

32.89

33.19

34.83

35.09

36.01

36.25 :

29.41

36.25

33.07

Defence
Public order
and safety
Economic
affairs
Environment
protection
Housing and
community
amenities

20

sector

Central Government

Cofog

Time
2000

total

Total

gf01

General
public services

gf02

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00

2009 2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE


100.00 :

100.00

100.00

100.00

27.92

27.94

28.98

28.92

29.25

29.65

31.42

32.40

33.33

32.01 :

27.92

33.33

30.18

Defence

4.87

4.44

4.14

4.00

3.88

4.07

3.93

3.74

3.77

3.97 :

3.74

4.87

4.08

gf03

Public order
and safety

5.19

5.08

5.41

5.85

5.67

5.52

5.74

5.61

5.97

6.23 :

5.08

6.23

5.63

gf04

Economic
affairs

9.74

10.16

8.28

8.00

8.36

7.56

6.95

6.54

4.72

7.08 :

4.72

10.16

7.74

0.32

0.63

0.64

0.31

0.60

0.58

0.60

0.31

0.31

0.28 :

0.28

0.64

0.46

0.32

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.32

0.03

Health
Recreation,
culture and
religion

19.48

19.68

19.75

19.69

19.70

19.77

19.03

19.31

18.87

18.98 :

18.87

19.77

19.43

1.95

1.90

1.59

1.54

1.79

1.45

1.21

1.25

1.26

1.13 :

1.13

1.95

1.51

Education
Social
protection

18.83

19.05

19.43

18.46

18.51

18.31

18.13

17.13

17.92

17.00 :

17.00

19.43

18.28

11.36

11.11

11.78

12.92

12.84

13.08

12.99

13.40

13.52

13.31 :

11.11

13.52

12.63

gf05

gf06
gf07

gf08
gf09
gf10

Environment
protection
Housing and
community
amenities

21

sector

Local Government

Cofog
Time
2000
total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05

gf06
gf07

gf08
gf09
gf10

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009 2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE

100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 :
Total
General public
22.03 20.63 23.44 29.03 31.15 29.69 29.23 31.34 30.88 30.99 :
services
Defence
Public order
and safety
Economic
affairs
Environment
protection
Housing and
community
amenities
Health
Recreation,
culture and
religion
Education
Social
protection

100.00

100.00

100.00

20.63

31.34

27.84

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.69

1.59

1.56

1.61

1.64

1.56

1.54

1.49

1.47

1.41 :

1.41

1.69

1.56

25.42

26.98

25.00

24.19

22.95

23.44

18.46

19.40

19.12

18.31 :

18.31

26.98

22.33

8.47

7.94

7.81

8.06

6.56

7.81

7.69

7.46

8.82

8.45 :

6.56

8.82

7.91

15.25

14.29

12.50

11.29

9.84

9.38

10.77

8.96

10.29

8.45 :

8.45

15.25

11.10

5.08

4.76

4.69

4.84

6.56

6.25

6.15

5.97

4.41

5.63 :

4.41

6.56

5.43

10.17

11.11

10.94

11.29

9.84

10.94

9.23

8.96

8.82

9.86 :

8.82

11.29

10.12

8.47

7.94

7.81

8.06

8.20

9.38

9.23

8.96

8.82

9.86 :

7.81

9.86

8.67

3.39

4.76

4.69

3.23

3.28

3.13

7.69

7.46

5.88

5.63 :

3.13

7.69

4.91

22

sector

Social Security Funds

Cofog

Time
2000

total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05

gf06
gf07

gf08
gf09
gf10

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009 2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE

100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 :
Total
General public
10.64 10.20
4.12
3.88
3.74
4.55
4.46
3.64
4.39
3.91 :
services

100.00

100.00

100.00

3.64

10.64

5.35

Defence
Public order
and safety
Economic
affairs
Environment
protection
Housing and
community
amenities

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.06

0.00

1.03

0.97

0.00

0.91

0.89

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

1.06

0.49

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00

0.00

Health
Recreation,
culture and
religion

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00

0.00

Education
Social
protection

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00 :

0.00

0.00

0.00

88.30

88.78

94.85

95.15

95.33

95.45

94.64

95.45

95.61

95.31 :

88.30

95.61

93.89

23

sector

Cofog

State Government

Time
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009 2010 MINIM MAXIM MEDIE

:
Total
General public
:
services

Defence
Public order
and safety
Economic
affairs
Environment
protection
Housing and
community
amenities

gf08

Health
Recreation,
culture and
religion

gf09

Education

gf10

Social
protection

total
gf01
gf02
gf03
gf04
gf05

gf06
gf07

24

E. Grafice
1.Grafice date absolute
Total General Government Expenditure
60.0
Total
50.0

General public services


Defence

40.0

Public order and safety


Economic affairs

30.0

Environment protection
20.0

Housing and community amenities


Health

10.0

Recreation, culture and religion


Education

0.0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Social protection

Central Gouvernment Expenditure


12.0

10.0

General public services


Defence

8.0

Public order and safety


Economic affairs
Environment protection

6.0

Housing and community amenities


Health

4.0

Recreation, culture and religion


Education

2.0

Social protection

0.0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

25

Local Government Expenditure


8.0
Total

7.0

General public services


6.0

Defence
Public order and safety

5.0

Economic affairs
4.0

Environment protection

3.0

Housing and community amenities


Health

2.0

Recreation, culture and religion

1.0

Education
Social protection

0.0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Social Security Funds Expenditure


30.0

25.0
Social protection
20.0

Education
Recreation, culture and religion
Health

15.0

Housing and community amenities


Environment protection

10.0

Economic affairs
Public order and safety

5.0

Defence
General public services
Total

0.0

26

State Government Expenditure

1
0.9

Total

0.8

General public services

0.7

Defence

0.6

Public order and safety


Economic affairs

0.5

Environment protection

0.4

Housing and community amenities

0.3

Health

0.2

Recreation, culture and religion

0.1

Education
Social protection

0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Total
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006

Social Security funds

2005

Local Government

2004

State Government

2003

Central Government

2002

General Government

2001
2000
time
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

27

GF01 - General Public Services


2010
2009
2008

General Government General


public services

2007

Central Government General


public services

2006
2005

State Government General public


services

2004

Local Government General public


services

2003
2002

Social Security funds General


public services

2001
2000
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

GF02 - Defence
2010
2009
2008
2007
General Government Defence

2006

Central Government Defence

2005

State Government Defence

2004

Local Government Defence


Social Security funds Defence

2003
2002
2001
2000
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

28

GF03 - Public Order and Safety


2010
2009
2008

Social Security funds Public order


and safety

2007

Local Government Public order


and safety

2006
2005

State Government Public order


and safety

2004

Central Government Public order


and safety

2003
2002

General Government Public order


and safety

2001
2000
0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

GF04 - Economic Affairs

2010
2009
2008

General Government Economic


affairs

2007

Central Government Economic


affairs

2006
2005

State Government Economic


affairs

2004
2003

Local Government Economic


affairs

2002

Social Security funds Economic


affairs

2001
2000
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

29

GF05 - Environment Protection


0.8
0.7
0.6

General Government
Environment protection

0.5

Central Government
Environment protection

0.4

State Government Environment


protection

0.3

Local Government
Environment protection

0.2

Social Security funds


Environment protection

0.1
0.0
1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

GF06 - Housing and community amenities


2010
2009
2008
2007

General Government Housing and


community amenities

2006

Central Government Housing and


community amenities

2005

State Government Housing and


community amenities

2004

Local Government Housing and


community amenities

2003

Social Security funds Housing and


community amenities

2002
2001
2000
0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

30

GF07 - Health
2010
2009
2008
2007

General Government Health

2006

Central Government Health

2005

State Government Health

2004

Local Government Health

2003

Social Security funds Health

2002
2001
2000
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

GF08 - Recreation,Culture and Religion

2010
General Government
Recreation, culture and
religion

2009
2008

Central Government
Recreation, culture and
religion

2007
2006

State Government
Recreation, culture and
religion

2005
2004

Local Government
Recreation, culture and
religion

2003
2002

Social Security funds


Recreation, culture and
religion

2001
2000
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

31

GF09 - Education
2010
2009
2008
2007
General Government Education
2006

Central Government Education

2005

State Government Education

2004

Local Government Education

2003

Social Security funds Education

2002
2001
2000
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

GF10 - Social Protection


2010
2009
2008
2007

General Government Social


protection

2006

Central Government Social


protection
State Government Social
protection

2005
2004

Local Government Social


protection

2003

Social Security funds Social


protection

2002
2001
2000
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

32

2. Grafice indici cu baza fixa (2000)


General Government
1.60
Total
1.40

General public services


Defence

1.20

Public order and safety


1.00

Economic affairs

0.80

Environment protection

0.60

Housing and community


amenities
Health

0.40

Recreation, culture and religion


Education

0.20

Social protection
0.00
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Central Gouvernment
Total

2.00
1.80
1.60
1.40
1.20
1.00
0.80
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.00

General public services


Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

Education
2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

Recreation, culture and religion

Social protection

33

Local Government
14.00
Social protection
Education

12.00

Recreation, culture and religion


10.00

Health
Housing and community
amenities
Environment protection

8.00

Economic affairs

6.00

Public order and safety


4.00

Defence
General public services

2.00

Total

0.00
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Social Government
1.60
Total
1.40

General public services

1.20

Defence
Public order and safety

1.00

Economic affairs
0.80

Environment protection

0.60

Housing and community


amenities
Health

0.40

Recreation, culture and religion


0.20

Education

0.00

Social protection
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

34

State Government
1

Total

0.9

General public services

0.8

Defence

0.7

Public order and safety


Economic affairs

0.6

Environment protection
0.5
Housing and community
amenities
Health

0.4
0.3

Recreation, culture and religion

0.2

Education

0.1

Social protection

0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

2. Grafice indici cu in lant


General Government

1.4

Total

1.2

General public services


Defence

Public order and safety

0.8

Economic affairs

0.6

Environment protection
Housing and community amenities

0.4

Health

0.2

Recreation, culture and religion


Education

2010

2009

2008

2007

Social protection
2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

35

Central Gouvernment
Total
2

General public services

1.8

Defence

1.6
Public order and safety

1.4
1.2

Economic affairs

Environment protection

0.8
Housing and community
amenities
Health

0.6
0.4
0.2

Recreation, culture and


religion
Education
2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

Social protection

Local Government

Total

2.5

General public services


Defence

Public order and safety


1.5

Economic affairs
Environment protection

Housing and community amenities


0.5

Health
Recreation, culture and religion

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

Education
2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

Social protection

36

Social Government
4.5

Social protection

Education
Recreation, culture and religion

3.5

Health

Housing and community


amenities
Environment protection

2.5
2

Economic affairs

1.5

Public order and safety


Defence

General public services

0.5

Total
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

State Government
1

Total

0.9

General public services

0.8

Defence

0.7

Public order and safety

0.6

Economic affairs

0.5

Environment protection

0.4

Housing and community


amenities
Health

0.3

Recreation, culture and


religion
Education

0.2
0.1

Social protection

0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

37

2. Grafice ponderi

General Government
Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

Central Government

Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

38

Local government

Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

Social Goverment
Total
General public services
Defence
Public order and safety
Economic affairs
Environment protection
Housing and community amenities
Health
Recreation, culture and religion
Education
Social protection

39

F. Comentarii
Pentru date absolute:
Evolutia cheltuielilor Guvernului General
In Portugalia nivelul cheltuielilor per total au inregistrat o tendinta oscilatorie pe toata perioada
analizata, de la 41,1% cat erau in anul 2000, au crescut la 48,0% in anul 2009. Referitor la
cheltuielile efectuate de serviciile publice generale, si acestea au avut evolutii diferite pe
parcursul anilor 2000-2010. Acestea au atins in anul 2000, 5,9% din PIB, continuand sa fluctueze
pe parcursul perioadei analizate. S-au inregistrat unele evolutii si in sectoarele: aparare, ordine si
siguranta publica, activitati economice, sanatate, recreere, cultura si religie, educatie si protectie
sociala. In sectorul protectie sociala s-a inregistrat o crestere semnificativa de la 12,1% in anul
2000 la 17,4% in anul 2009. Minimul pe cele mai mici cheltuieli s-a inregistrat intre anii 20022007 in sectorul protectiei mediului cand sumele cheltuite nu au depasit 0,6% din PIB.
Evolutia cheltuielilor Guvernului Central
Totalul cheltuielilor Guvernului Central, sunt mai mici decat totalul cheltuielilor Guvernului
General. Astfel, in anul 2000 nivelul acestora se situa la 30,8% din PIB, continuand sa creasca
sau sa scada nesemnificativ ajungand in anul 2009 la 35,3% din PIB. Cheltuielile cele mai
importante ca sume revin sectorului serviciilor publice generale, urmat de sectoarele educatie si
protectie sociala. Minimul pe cele mai mici cheltuieli s-a inregistrat in anul 2000 in sectorul
locuinte pentru populatie si respectiv in anul 2000 in sectorul protectia mediului. Cele mai reduse
sunt reclamate de sectorul locuinte pentru populatie din anul 2001 respectiv pana in 2009.
Evolutia cheltuielilor Guvernului Local
Guvernul Local, are cheltuieli foarte scazute, comparativ cu primele doua sectoare. S-a
inregistrat un nivel minim de cheltuieli in sectorul de ordine si siguranta publica cu 0,1% din
PIB. Au fost sectoare in care nu s-a inregistrat nici o cheltuiala pe toata perioada analizata. In
sectorul de aparare. In schimb sectorului serviciilor publice generale i se acorda cea mai mare
importanta deoarece se prezinta in anul 2009 cu un maxim 2,2% din PIB. Se mai observa de
asemenea o evolutie constanta a cheltuielilor de 0,1% din PIB in sectorul orinea publica si
sanatate.
Evolutia cheltuielilor Guvernului Social
Totalul cheltuielilor efectuate de catre Guvernul Social reprezinta aproximativ o patrime din
totalul cheltuielilor efectuate de Guvernul General si respectiv o treime din cele efectuate de
Guvernul Local. Acestea inregistreaza o tendinta oscilatorie, ajungand de la 9,4% in anul 2000,
la 12,8% in anul 2009. In sectoarele cu: apararea, ordinea si siguranta publica, protectia
mediului, locuinte pentru populatie, sanatate, educatie si recreere, cultura si religie nu
inregistreaza nici o cheltuiala. Cel mai vizat sector este cel al protectiei sociale, ale carui
40

cheltuieli reprezinta aproape in totalitate cheltuielile efectuate de Guvernul Social. Valorile cresc
de la un an la altul, in anul 2000 cheltuielile privind sectorul protectiei sociale se situa la 8,3%
din PIB ajungand in anul 2009 la 12,2% din PIB. Si sectoarele servicii publice generale si
activitati economice sunt semnificative in guvernul social, insa intr-o masura mai mica
comparativ cu sectorul protectiei sociale.
Evolutia cheltuielilor Guvernului de Stat
In acest caz, pe perioada analizata se observa ca pe toate sectoarele nu se inregistreaza nici o
valoare, cheltuielile fiind deci inexistente.
Pentru indici cu baza fixa:
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului General fa de anul de baz 2000
Referitor la Guvernul General cheltuielile variaza de la un an la altul. De exemplu, in sectorul
servicii publice generale acestea au crescut cu 2% fata de anul de referinta 2000, in anul 2002 au
scazut cu 2% , iar in ceilalti ani respectiv in 2003 2009 s-au inregistrat cresteri. In ceea ce
priveste sectorul aparare, se observa ca pe toata perioada analizata s-au inregistrat scaderi fata de
anul 2000, iar in sectorul protectie sociala s-au inregistrat cresteri semnificative, valoarea
maxima atingand 44% in anul 2009.
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Central fa de anul de baz 2000
In ceea ce priveste Guvernului Central putem vorbi de o cretere generalizat a cheltuielilor
Guvernului Central lund ca an de baz anul 2000 n urmtoarele sectoare: serviciile publice
generale, ordine i siguran public, protectia mediului, sanatate, educaie i protecie social. In
sectoarele aparare, activitati economice, recreere cultura si religie, se inregistreaza scaderi, iar in
domeniul sectorului locuinte pentru populatie acestea sunt inexistente. Avand in vedere totalul
cheltuielilor Guvernului Central, vom meniona c, fa de anul de baz 2000 acestea evolueaza
ascendent, crescand in 2001 si 2002 cu 2%, in 2003 cu 6%, in 2004 cu 9%, in 2005 cu 12%, in
2006 cu 7%, in 2007 cu 4%, in 2008 cu 3% si in 2009 cu 15%, aceasta din urma fiind valoarea
maxima.
Evoluia a cheltuielilor Guvernului Local fa de anul de baz 2000
Evolutia pe toata perioada analizata in ceea ce privete sectorul Guvernului Local este o evoluie
ascendent a cheltuielilor fa de anul 2000 n urmtoarele sectoare: sectorul serviciilor publice,
snatate , recreaie ,cultur i religie, educaie i protecie social.
O evoluie descendent a cheltuielilor se observ n sectorul locuine pentru populaie. n acest
sector nivelul cheltuielilor scade n anul 2003 fa de 2000 cu 23%. Se mai poate observa o
evolutie constanta in sectorul ordine si siguranta publica.
Cheltuielile totale urmeaz de asemenea un trend ascendant fa de anul de referinta 2000 astfel:
cresc n anul 2001 cu 7%, n anul 2002 cu 8%, n anul 2003 cu 5%, n anul 2004 cu3%, n anul

41

2005 cu8%, n anul 2006 cu10%, in anul 2007 cu 14%, in anul 2008 cu 15 %, iar in anul 2009 cu
20%, aceasta fiind valoarea maxima.
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Social fata de anul de baza 2000
Cheltuielile totale urmeaz un trend ascendent fa de anul 2000 astfel: cresc n anul 2001 cu 4%,
n anul 2002 cu 3%, n anul 2003 cu 10 %, n anul 2004 cu 14% ,n anul 2005 cu 17% , n anul
2006 cu 19%, in anul 2007 cu 17%, in anul 2008 cu 21%, iar in anul 2009 cu 36%. Cresteri s-au
mai inregistrat in sectorul protectie sociala, descresteri in sectorul servicii publice generale
(exceptie facand anul 2001, acestea nemodificandu-se), iar o evolutie aproape constanta in
sectorul activitatii economice, restul sectoarelor nu au intregistrat nici un fel de evolutie.
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului de Stat fata de anul de baza 2000
Pe intreaga perioada analizata aceste cheltuieli au fost inexistente.
Pentru indici cu baza in lant:
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului General de la un an la altul
Daca luam ca reper totalul cheltuielilor putem observa c nivelul acestora in acest sector, au
evoluat dupa cum urmeaza: au crescut in anul 2001 fata de 2000 cu 3%, au scazut in anul 2002
fata de 2001 cu 3%, au crescut in anul 2003 fata de 2002 cu 4%, au scazut in anul 2004 fata de
2003 cu 2%, avand o evolutie constanta in anul 2005, au scazut in anul 2006 fata de 2005 cu 5%,
au crescut in anul 2007 fata de 2006 cu 1%, au crescut in anul 2008 fata de 2009 cu 2%, iar in
final in anul 2009 au crescut fata de 2008 cu 10%.(aceasta fiind valoarea maxima). Se poate
observa ca pe inreaga perioada analizata cheltuielile au inregistrat o tendinta oscilatorie.

Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Central de la un an la altul


In ceea ce priveste evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Central, acesta a inregistrat niste alternante
nu foarte semnificative de la un an la altul. Evolutia cheltuielilor din sectorul serviciilor
activitatilor publice de la un an la altul se prezint in felul urmtor: nivelul cheltuielilor a crescut
in anul 2001 fata de anul 2000 cu 2%, in anul 2002 fata de anul 2001 cu doar 1%, in anul 2003
ramanand constant, au crescut de asemenea in anul 2004 fata de anul 2003 tot cu 1%, urmand o
evolutie constanta in anul 2005 fata de anul 2004, in anul 2006 au scazut cu 2% fata de anul
2005, acelasi lucru sa intamplat si in anul 2007 fata de 2006, urmand din nou o crestere cu 2% in
anul 2008 fata de anul 2007, si respectiv o crestere cu 5% in anul 2009 fata de anul 2008. Ct
despre totalul cheltuielilor Guvernului Central vom meniona c, de la un an la altul acestea
oscileaza .

42

Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Local de la un an la altul


Si aici se observa din nou o alternanta a cheltuielilor de la un an la altul. Cele mai semnificative
evolutii au fost inregistrate in sectorul protectie sociala: in anul 2001 au crescut cu 50% fata de
anul 2000, in anul 2002 au scazut cu 50% fata de anul 2001, in anul 2003 a avut loc din nou o
scadere cu 33% fata de anul anterior, urmand o crestere cu 33% in anul 2004, in anul 2005
cheltuielile nu s-au modificat, in anul 2006 a avut loc cea mai semnificativa crestere a
cheltuielilor cu 150% fata de anul 2005, urmand o scadere cu acelasi procent in anul 2007 fata de
anul 2006, in anul 2008 au scazut cu 20% fata de anul 2007, iar in anul 2009 au crescut din nou
cu 20% fata de anul anterior. In sectorul ordine si siguranta publica, cheltuielile nu s-au
modificat de la un an la altul, iar in sectorul aparare acestea au fost inexistente pe toata perioada
analizata.
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Social de la un an la altul
Se observa ca pe perioada analizata nu s-au inregistrat cheltuieli, in niciunul din urmatoarele
sectoare: aparare, ordine si siguranta publica, protectia mediului, locuinte pentru populatie,
sanatate, recreere, cultura si religie, respectiv in sectorul educatie. In sectoarele servicii publice
generale si protectie sociala, cheltuielile au inregistrat o tendinta oscilatorie de la un an la altul,
evolutii semnificative avand loc in sectorul activitati economice: in anul 2004 au scazut fata de
anul 2003 cu 100%, la fel si in anul 2007 fata de 2006.
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului de Stat de la un an la altul
In cadrul sectorului Guvernului de Stat nu s-au inregistrat cheltuieli pe intreaga perioada
analizata.
Pentru ponderi:
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului General ca pondere in totalul cheltuielilor
In ceea ce priveste Guvernul General putem observa ca cea mai mare pondere in totalul
cheltuielilor revine sectorului protectie sociale cu un procentaj de 36,25%, educatie cu un
procentaj de 15,84%, servicii publice generale cu 15,83%, si sanatate cu 15,72%. Cea mai redusa
pondere in totalul cheltuielilor Guvernului General o are sectorul acitivitati economice, urmata
de sectoarele: locuinte pentru populatie, recreere cultura si religie, aparare, si ordine si siguranta
publica.
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Central ca pondere in totalul cheltuielilor
Din analiza ponderilor se constata alternante nesemnificative ale acestora. In ceea ce priveste
nivelul cheltuielilor Guvernului Central observam ca cea mai mare pondere in totalul
cheltuielilor revine urmatoarelor sectoare: serviciile publice generale (procentul maxim este de
33,33%), sanatate, educatie, protectie sociala si activitati economice. Cele mai mici ponderi care
le intalnim in totalul cheltuielilor s-au inregistrat in sectoarele: locuinte pentru populatie
43

(procentul minim este de 0%), activitati economice, recreere cultura si religie, aparare, si
respective ordine si siguranta publica
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Local ca pondere in totalul cheltuielilor
In cadrul Guvernului Local cele mai mari ponderi sunt inregistrate in urmatoarele sectoare:
servicii publice generale, activitati economice, locuinte pentru populatie, respectiv recreere,
cultura si religie. Ponderea maxima este de 31,34% si se regaseste in sectorul servicii publice
generale. Ponderi reduse detin sectoarele: ordine si siguranta publica (pondere minima 1,41%),
sanatate, si protectie sociala. Mentionam ca sectorul aparare, nu implica nici un fel de cheltuiala.
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului Social ca pondere in totalul cheltuielilor
Ponderea majoritara in totalul cheltuielilor Guvernului Social, este reprezentata de sectorul
protectie sociala (ponderea maxima este de 95,61%). Observam ca in sectorul servicii publice
generale, ponderile evolueaza descendent pe parcursul perioadei analizate, de la 10,64% in anul
2000 ajung la 3,91% in anul 2009. In sectorul activitati economice se inregistreaza cele mai
reduse ponderi, iar in sectoarele: aparare, ordine si siguranta publica, activitati economice,
locuinte pentru populatie, sanatate, recreere, cultura si religie, respectiv in sectorul educatie
ponderile sunt inexistente.
Evoluia cheltuielilor Guvernului de Stat ca pondere in totalul cheltuielilor
In cadrul acestui sector ponderile sunt inexistente.

44

2. Analiza veniturilor bugetare


A. Date absolute
Main national accounts tax aggregates
indic_na
geo
unit

Total general government revenue

sector

General Goverment

Portugal
Percentage of GDP

Indic_na
Time

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

d2

Taxes on production and imports

13.0

13.0

13.7

14.3

13.7

14.6

14.9

14.5

14.1

12.6

13.3

d21

Taxes on products

12.4

12.4

12.8

13.0

13.0

13.9

14.2

13.7

13.2

11.8

12.5

d211

Value added type taxes (VAT)

7.3

7.1

7.4

7.5

7.6

8.3

8.4

8.3

8.2

7.0

7.7

d212

Taxes and duties on imports excluding VAT

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.3

d214

Taxes on products, except VAT and import taxes

4.9

5.0

5.2

5.3

5.2

5.3

5.3

5.0

4.8

4.5

4.5

d29

Other taxes on production

0.6

0.6

0.9

1.3

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.8

0.9

0.8

d5

Current taxes on income, wealth, etc.

9.5

9.1

9.0

8.4

8.3

8.2

8.6

9.5

9.7

9.0

8.9

d51

Taxes on income

9.2

8.8

8.6

8.1

8.0

7.9

8.3

9.1

9.3

8.6

8.4

d59

Other current taxes

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.5

d91

Capital taxes

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

d611

Actual social contributions

8.0

8.3

8.4

8.6

8.3

8.5

8.5

8.5

8.8

9.0

9.0

d612

Imputed social contributions

2.6

2.5

2.8

3.0

3.3

3.5

3.4

3.1

3.1

3.5

3.2

d2_d5

Total

33.2

33.0

33.9

34.4

33.6

34.8

35.4

35.6

35.7

34.2

34.5

45

Calcule suplimentare:

Indic_na
Time
Impozite directe

2000 2001 2002 2003


9.6
9.2
9.1
8.5

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010


8.3
8.2
8.6
9.5
9.7
9.0
8.9

Contributii sociale

10.6

10.8

11.2

11.6

11.6

12.0

11.9

11.6

11.9

12.5

12.2

Impozite indirecte
Total venituri

13.0

13.0

13.7

14.3

13.7

14.6

14.9

14.5

14.1

12.6

13.3

38.2

38.2

39.4

40.7

41.3

39.9

40.5

41.1

41.1

39.7

41.6

5.0

5.2

5.4

6.3

7.7

5.1

5.1

5.5

5.4

5.6

7.2

Alte venituri

B. Indici cu baza fixa

Indic_na
Time
Impozite directe
Contributii sociale
Impozite indirecte
Total venituri
Alte venituri

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
1.0
1.0
0.9
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.5
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1

2010 Minim Maxim Medie


0.9
0.9
1.0
0.9
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.5
1.1

46

C. Indici cu baza in lant


Indic_na
Time
Impozite directe

2000
:

2001
1.0

2002
1.0

2003
0.9

2004
1.0

2005
1.0

2006
1.0

2007
1.1

2008
1.0

2009
0.9

2010 Minim Maxim Medie


1.0
0.9
1.1
1.0

Contributii sociale

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.1

1.0

1.0

1.1

1.0

Impozite indirecte

1.0

1.1

1.0

1.0

1.1

1.0

1.0

1.0

0.9

1.1

0.9

1.1

1.0

Total venituri

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

Alte venituri

1.0

1.0

1.2

1.2

0.7

1.0

1.1

1.0

1.0

1.3

0.7

1.3

1.1

D. Ponderi din total


Indic_na
Time
Total venituri
Contributii sociale
Impozite indirecte
Impozite directe
Alte venituri

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Minim Maxim Medie
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
100.0
100.0 100.0
27.7 28.3 28.4 28.5 28.1 30.1 29.4 28.2 29.0 31.5 29.3
27.7
31.5
29.0
34.0 34.0 34.8 35.1 33.2 36.6 36.8 35.3 34.3 31.7 32.0
31.7
36.8
34.3
25.1 24.1 23.1 20.9 20.1 20.6 21.2 23.1 23.6 22.7 21.4
20.1
25.1
22.4
13.1 13.6 13.7 15.5 18.6 12.8 12.6 13.4 13.1 14.1 17.3
12.6
18.6
14.3

47

E. Grafice
1. Grafice date absolute
General Government
45.0
40.0
35.0
30.0
Impozite directe
25.0

Contributii sociale

20.0

Impozite indirecte

15.0

Total venituri
Alte venituri

10.0
5.0
0.0
1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

2. Grafice indici cu baza fixa (2000)


Indici baza fixa
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
Impozite directe
1.0

Contributii sociale

0.8

Impozite indirecte
Total venituri

0.6

Alte venituri

0.4
0.2
0.0
1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

48

Indici baza fixa


1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0

Maxim

0.8

Medie

0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.8

0.9

0.9

0.9

0.9

0.9

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

3. Grafice indici cu baza in lant

Indici baza in lant


1.4
1.2
1.0
Impozite directe :
0.8

Contributii sociale :
Impozite indirecte :

0.6

Total venituri :
Alte venituri :

0.4
0.2
0.0
2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

49

Indici baza lant


1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
Maxim
0.6

Medie

0.4
0.2
0.0
0.0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.2

4. Grafice ponderi
Ponderi
120.0
100.0
80.0

Total venituri
Contributii sociale

60.0

Impozite indirecte
Impozite directe

40.0

Alte venituri

20.0
0.0
1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

50

Ponderi
120.0
100.0
80.0
Maxim

60.0

Medie
40.0
20.0
0.0
0.0

20.0

40.0

60.0

80.0

100.0

120.0

F. Comentarii
Pentru date brute:
Din analiza veniturilor se constata o evolutie oscilatorie pe toata perioada analizata, incepand din
anul 2000 pana in anul 2010. Una dintre cele mai importante surse de venit se regaseste in
impozite indirecte, acestea ajungand la un nivel de 14,9% si contributii sociale cu un nivel de
12,5%. Evolutia veniturilor din impozite directe, alterneaza de la un an la altul reprezentand
9,6% in anul 2000, si ajungand in anul 2010 la 8,9%. Contributiile sociale evolueaza ascendent
pana in anul 2005, urmand usoare descresteri in anul 2007 respectiv in anul 2008, dupa care
evolueaza ascendent in urmatorii doi ani. Cea mai redusa sursa de venit se regaseste in alte
venituri.
Pentru indici cu baza fixa:
Observam ca pe intreaga perioada analizata, veniturile totale au inregistrat o tendinta oscilatorie,
dar nesemnificativa, fata de anul de referinta 2000. Nivelul impozitelor directe a ramas constant
in anul 2001, intre anii 2002-2006 a scazut cu 1% fata de anul 2000, a urmat din nou o evolutie
constanta in 2007, 2008, dupa care au scazut din nou cu 1% in anul 2009 si 2010. Contributiile
sociale, au evoluat ascendent pe intreaga perioada analizata, nivelul impozitelor indirecte a ramas
constant, respectiv au crescut in unele locuri, iar celelalte venituri au avut evolutii oscilatorii,
inregistrand un nivel maxim de 1,5% in anul 2004.
Pentru indici cu baza in lant:
Situatia generala a acestor venituri bugetare alterneaza de la un an la altul si au o usoara tendinta
ascendenta, in special se observa la contributiile sociale, la impozitele indirecte, si la alte
venituri. Impozitele directe au avut o evolutie alternativa de la un an la altul. In anul 2001 fata de
anul 2000 nivelul veniturilor ramane constant, acelasi lucru observam si in anul 2002 fata de anul
2001, in anul 2003 scade cu 1% fata de anul 2002, in anul 2004 creste cu 1% fata de anul 2003,
in anul 2005 2006 ramane constant, in anul 2007 creste din nou cu 1% fata de anul 2006, in
anul 2008 scade cu 1% fata de anul 2007, in anul 2009 scade cu 1% fata de anul 2008, iar in anul
51

2010 creste cu 1% fata de anul 2009. Nivelul maxim este atins in anul 2010 fata de anul 2009
cand acestea cresc cu 3%, iar nivelul minim se inregistreaza in anul 2005 fata de anul 2004 cand
scad cu 5% (ambele situatii sunt intalnite in cadrul altor venituri).
Pentru ponderi:
Cea mai importanta sursa de venituri obtinuta la nivelul ponderilor, o ocupa impozitele indirecte
cu o pondere de 36,8% inregistrata in anul 2006, urmeaza contributiile sociale cu o pondere de
31,5% in anul 2009, impozitele directe cu o pondere de 25,1% in anul 2000, iar in final alte
venituri cu o pondere de 18,6% inregistrata in anul 2004. Cea mai mica pondere este inregistrata
in anul 2006 in sectorul de alte venituri, cu o pondere de 12,6 %.

52

3. Analiza comparativa a veniturilor si cheltuielilor


A. Date absolute

geo
unit

Government revenue, expenditure and main aggregates


Total general government revenue
Total general government expenditure
Portugal
Percentage of GDP

sector

General Goverment

indic_na

Indic_na
Time
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

2008 2009 2010

te

Total general government expenditure

41.1

42.5

42.3

43.8

44.7

45.8

44.5

44.4

44.8

49.9

51.3

tr

Total general government revenue

38.2

38.2

39.4

40.7

41.3

39.9

40.5

41.1

41.1

39.7

41.6

B. Indici cu baza fixa


Indic_na

Time
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Minim Maxim Medie

te

Total general government


expenditure

1.00

1.03

1.03

1.07

1.09

1.11

1.08

1.08

1.09

1.21

1.25

1.00

1.25

1.10

tr

Total general government


revenue

1.00

1.00

1.03

1.07

1.08

1.04

1.06

1.08

1.08

1.04

1.09

1.00

1.09

1.05

53

C. Indici cu baza in lant


Indic_na

Time
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Minim Maxim Medie

te

Total general government


expenditure

1.03

1.00

1.04

1.02

1.02

0.97

1.00

1.01

1.11

1.03

0.97

1.11

1.02

tr

Total general government


revenue

1.00

1.03

1.03

1.01

0.97

1.02

1.01

1.00

0.97

1.05

0.97

1.05

1.01

D. Grafice

General Government- Date absolute


60.0
50.0
40.0
Total general government
expenditure

30.0

Total general government revenue

20.0
10.0
0.0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

54

General Government- Indici baza fixa


2.50

2.00

1.50
Total general government revenue
Total general government
expenditure

1.00

0.50

0.00
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

General Government- Indici baza in lant


100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
Total general government revenue
50%
Total general government
expenditure

40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

55

E. Comentarii
Pentru date brute:
Din analiza veniturilor si a cheltuielilor se observa ca nivelul cheltuielilor depaseste
nivelul veniturilor, ceea ce rezulta ca se inregistreaza un deficit bugetar pe aceasta perioada
analizata.
Atat veniturile cat si cheltuielile, inregistreaza o tendinta oscilatorie de la un an la altul,
valorile cheltuielilor totale fiind cuprinse intre 41.1% si 51.3% din produsul intern brut, iar
valorile veniturilor totale intre 38.2% si 41.6% din produsul intern brut.
Pentru indici cu baza fixa:
Atat cheltuielile cat si veniturile sunt ascendente, fa de anul 2000, acestea cresc destul
de semnificativ. Cresterea maxima a cheltuielilor se inregistreaza in anul 2010 fata de anul 2000
cand nivelul lor a crescut cu 25%, iar cresterea veniturilor a avut loc tot in anul 2010, insa nu a
fost la fel de semnificativa ca si in cazul cheltuielilor, deoarece a crescut cu doar 9% fata de anul
de referinta 2000.
Pentru indici cu baza in lant:
In ceea ce priveste cheltuielile, cea mai spectaculoasa crestere s-a inregistrat in anul
2009 fata de anul 2008 cu 10% , iar cea mai semnificativa scadere a fost de 8% in anul 2010 fata
de anul 2009. Referitor la nivelul veniturilor, acesta a inregistrat cea mai mare crestere in anul
2010 fata de 2009, cand s-a modificat cu 8%, iar cea mai reprezentativa scadere a avut loc in
anul 2005 fata de anul 2004, cu 4%.
Observam ca modificarea maxima in sens ascendent a cheltuielilor este mai mare decat
cea a veniturilor, lucru ce intareste ideea de deficit bugetar inregistrat in Portugalia pe intreaga
perioada analizata.

4. Analiza cheltuieli si venituri/PNB


Intrucat in realizarea referatului nostru am avut ca si unitate de lucru % PIB, aceasta
parte a referatului coincide cu partea a treia Analiza comparativa a veniturilor si celtuielilor.
Asadar, vom trece direct la urmatoarea parte a referatului, numita Analiza Portugalia/EU
27/PNB.

56

5. Analiza Portugalia/EU27/PNB
indic_na
geo
unit
sector

Government revenue, expenditure and main aggregates


Total general government revenue
Total general government expenditure
Portugal
Percentage of GDP
General Goverment

A. Date absolute
Indicatori
Time

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

te: UE
PT
tr: UE
PT

44.7
41.1
45.3
38.2

46.1
42.5
44.6
38.2

46.6
42.3
44.0
39.4

47.2
43.8
44.0
40.7

46.8
44.7
43.9
41.3

46.8
45.8
44.3
39.9

46.3
44.5
44.8
40.5

45.6
44.4
44.7
41.1

47.1
44.8
44.7
41.1

51.0
49.9
44.1
39.7

50.6
51.3
44.1
41.6

B. Indici cu baza fixa


Indicatori
Time

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Minim Maxim Medie

te: UE

1.00

1.03

1.04

1.06

1.05

1.05

1.04

1.02

1.05

1.14

1.13

1.00

1.14

1.06

PT

1.00

1.03

1.03

1.07

1.09

1.11

1.08

1.08

1.09

1.21

1.25

1.00

1.25

1.10

tr: UE

1.00

0.98

0.97

0.97

0.97

0.98

0.99

0.99

0.99

0.97

0.97

0.97

1.00

0.98

PT

1.00

1.00

1.03

1.07

1.08

1.04

1.06

1.08

1.08

1.04

1.09

1.00

1.09

1.05

57

C. Indici cu baza in lant


Indicatori
Time

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

2008 2009 2010 Minim

Maxim Medie

te: UE

1.03

1.01

1.01

0.99

1.00

0.99

0.98

1.03

1.08

0.99

0.98

1.08

1.01

PT

1.03

1.00

1.04

1.02

1.02

0.97

1.00

1.01

1.11

1.03

0.97

1.11

1.02

tr: UE

0.98

0.99

1.00

1.00

1.01

1.01

1.00

1.00

0.99

1.00

0.98

1.01

1.00

PT

1.00

1.03

1.03

1.01

0.97

1.02

1.01

1.00

0.97

1.05

0.97

1.05

1.01

D. Grafice

Date brute
2250
2200
2150

PT

2100

tr: UE

2050

PT
te: UE

2000

Indicatori/Time
1950
1900
1

10

11

58

Indici baza fixa


2020

2015

2010
PT
tr: UE
2005

PT
te: UE

2000

Indicatori/Time

1995

1990
1

10

11

Indici baza in lant


2020
2015
2010

PT :
tr: UE :

2005

PT :
te: UE :

2000

Indicatori/Time 2000
1995
1990
1

10

59

E. Comentarii
Pentru date brute:

Pentru indici cu baza fixa:

Pentru indici cu baza in lant:

60

6. Concluzii finale

61

Partea a II-a
1. Analiza EU27/PNB
Codul: GF01S1314%PIB (General public services, Social security funds, Percentage of GDP)

indic_na
geo
unit
sector

Government expenditure by function (COFOG)


Total general government expenditure
EU27
Percentage of GDP

Social security funds

A. Date absolute
GEO
TIME
European Union (27 countries)
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Germany (including former GDR from 1991)
Estonia
Ireland
Greece
Spain
France

2000
:
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.1
0.0

2001
:
0.0
1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.1
0.0

2002
0.1
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0

2003
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0

2004
0.0
0.0
1.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0

2005
0.0
0.0
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0

2006
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0

2007
0.1
0.0
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.3

2008
0.1
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0

2009
:
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.0

2010
:
:
:
:
0.0
:
:
:
:
:
:

62

0.0
0.0

Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom

0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.1
0.0
:

:
0.1
0.0
0.0

:
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

1.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
:
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

:
0.0
0.1
0.0

0.0
0.0

1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.1
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.1
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.1
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.1
0.0
0.0
:

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
:

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
:

:
:
:
:
0.0
:
:
:
0.0
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Minim Maxim Medie


0.00
0.00 :
0.00
0.00 :
0.63
2.38
1.40
0.00
0.00 :
0.00
0.00 :

B. Indici cu baza fixa


GEO
TIME
European Union (27 countries)
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Germany (including former GDR from
1991)

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

:
;
:
1.00 1.50
:
:
:
:

:
:
0.63
:
:

:
:
0.63
:
:

:
:
1.75
:
:

:
:
2.13
:
:

:
:
2.38
:
:

:
:
2.13
:
:

:
:
0.88
:
:

:
:
1.00
:
:

:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

Estonia

Ireland

:
:
:

0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00 :
0.00 :
0.00 :
63

:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.00 0.00
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.00 1.00
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Greece

Spain

1.00

France
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom

:
0.13
:
:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.40
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
0.10
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.40
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
0.13
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.40
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
0.13
:
:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.50
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
0.13
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.50
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
0.13
:
:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.40
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
0.16
:
:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.50
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
0.19
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.50
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

2007

2008

2009

2010

0.00
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.40
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
1.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

:
0.31
:
:
:
:
:
0.45
:
:
:
:
:
0.56
:
:
:
:
:
:

C. Indici cu baza in lant


GEO
TIME
European Union (27 countries)
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

:
:
:
:

:
:
0.00 :
:
:
:
1.00 :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.50 0.42 1.00 2.80 1.21 1.12 0.89 0.41 1.14
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:

Minim Maxim Medie


0.00
1.00
0.50
0.00
0.00 :
0.41
2.80
1.17
0.00
0.00 :
64

Denmark
Germany (including former GDR from
1991)
Estonia
Ireland
Greece
Spain
France
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom

0.00

0.00 :

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
0.13
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.40
1.00
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
0.75
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
0.00
1.00
1.00
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
1.33
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.00
0.00
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.00
1.25
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
:
:
0.00
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.80
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
1.25
0.00
:
:
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
1.25
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
1.20
:
:
:
:
:
0.00
:
:
0.00
:
:
1.00
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.13
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.40
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.33
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.00
1.25
1.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

:
:
:
:
0.96
0.00
:
:
:
0.00
0.20
:
:
0.00
:
0.33
0.97
0.67
:
:
:
:
:

65

Belgium

0.0
United Kingdom

Sweden

Finland

Slovakia

Slovenia

Romania

Portugal

Poland

Austria

Netherlands

Malta

Hungary

Luxembourg

Lithuania

Latvia

Cyprus

Italy

France

Spain

Greece

Ireland

Estonia

Germany (including former GDR from

Denmark

Czech Republic

Bulgaria

D. Grafice

Date brute

12.0

10.0

8.0

6.0
2010

2009

4.0

2008

2007

2.0
2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

66

2.00
2006

0.00
2005

United Kingdom

Sweden

Finland

Slovakia

Slovenia

Romania

Portugal

Poland

Austria

Netherlands

Malta

Hungary

Luxembourg

Lithuania

Latvia

Cyprus

Italy

France

Spain

Greece

Ireland

Estonia

Germany (including former GDR from

Denmark

Czech Republic

Bulgaria

Belgium

Indici baza fixa

16.00

14.00

12.00

10.00

8.00
2010

6.00
2009

4.00
2008

2007

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

67

Indici baza in lant


12.00
10.00
8.00

2009
2008

6.00

2007

4.00

2006
2005

2.00

2004

0.00

2003
2002
2001
2000

68

E. Comentarii
Pentru date brute:

Pentru indici cu baza fixa:

Pentru indici cu baza in lant:

69

2. Concluzii finale

70

Cuprins
Partea a I-a:
1. Analiza cheltuielilor bugetare COFOG
2. Analiza veniturilor bugetare
3. Analiza comparativa total venituri si cheltuieli
4. Analiza cheltuieli si venituri/PNB
5. Analiza Italia/EU 27/PNB
6. Concluzii finale
Partea a II-a:
1. Analiza EU27/PNB
2. Concluzii finale

71