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# Introduction To Differential Equations: Math 210

Course Instructors:
Imran Naeem, Mudassar Imran

Year: 2011-2012

Room No: 124, 119 Term: Fall Email: imran.naeem@lums.edu.pk , mudassar.imran@lums.edu.pk *Credit hours: 3 **Sessions: 28 lectures of 75 minutes (two lectures per week)

Description: First order differential equations; modelling; second order linear equations; Damped motion in mechanical and electrical systems; System of first order linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vector; Series solutions; Introduction to special functions; Fourier series; Partial differential equations; separation of variables and Sturm-Liouville problems. GOALS: At the end of this course, students should be able to: Solve differential equations by using suitable methods. To get familiar with mathematical approaches to problems in social, physical and engineering sciences etc. Formulate first order ordinary differential equations for modelling of population dynamics and Mechanics etc. Formulate second order differential equations to model physical problems involving damped motion in mechanical electrical system. Find Series solutions of higher order linear differential equations. Solve systems of first order linear equations by using matrices algebra. Use method of separation of variables for solutions of PDEs.

PRE-REQUISITES: Math 102 (Calculus II) or Math 102 A TEXT BOOKS: There is no required text but the following texts will be used for reference. 1) Differential equations with boundary-value problems by Dennis G. Zill and Michael R. Cullin (5th Edition Brooks/Cole) 2) Elementary differential equations and boundary value problems by William E. Boyce and Richard C. Diprma. (Seventh Edition John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)

3. Introduction to partial differential equations by K. Sankara Rao (Second Edition Prentice Hall of India) Handouts on topics will also been uploaded on the LUMS website

Helping Softwares :
Mathematica Some crack software for PDEs Maple 13, 14

GRADING SCHEME: Quizzes and Assignments Mid-term Exam Final Exam 25% 35% 40%

Teaching Plan:

Week 1)

Topics First order differential equations Preliminaries Separable variables Exact Equations Homogeneous Equations Linear equations Integrating factors Some nonlinear first order equations with known solution Modeling Exponential growth and decay, Half life Newtons law of cooling, series circuits Second order linear differential equations Initial value and boundary value problems Homogeneous equations Characteristic equations Complex roots, repeated roots; reduction of order Non-homogeneous equations Undetermined coefficients Method Wronskian, Particular Solution Modeling Damped motion in mechanical and electrical systems System of first order Linear equations Introduction, Review of matrices, linear independence Eigen values, Eigen vectors

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Mid term Basic theory of systems of first order linear equations, Homogeneous linear system with constant coefficients Complex Eigen values, repeated Eigen values, Non homogeneous linear system Series Solutions Power series Series solutions near an ordinary point, Classification of singular points Frobenius theorem Frobenius theorem (Continue) , Introduction to special functions Partial Differential equations and Fourier series Two point boundary value problems, Fourier series The Fourier convergence theorem, even and odd functions Separation of variables and partial differential equations Separation of variables and partial differential equations (Continue) Sturm-Liouville problems Sturm-Liouville problems (Continue)