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PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options

The PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options feature extends the capabilities of object tracking using
Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) to allow the policy-based routing (PBR) process to verify object
availability by using additional methods. The verification method can be an Internet Control Message
Protocol (ICMP) ping, User Datagram Protocol (UDP) ping, or an HTTP GET request.

Feature History for PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options


Release Modification
12.3(4)T This feature was introduced.
12.2(25)S This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S.
12.4 The SAA (rtr) feature was replaced by the IP SLAs feature. See
http://www.cisco.com/go/ipsla/ for updated documentation.

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Contents
• Information About PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options, page 2
• How to Configure PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options, page 2
• Configuration Examples for PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options, page 5
• Additional References, page 6
• Command Reference, page 7

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PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options
Information About PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options

Information About PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options


To configure the PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options feature, you should understand the
following concepts:
• Object Tracking, page 2
• PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options Feature Design, page 2

Object Tracking
Object tracking is an independent process that monitors objects such as the following:
• State of the line protocol of an interface
• Existence of an entry in the routing table
• Results of an IP SLA monitoring operation, such as a ping
Clients such as Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP), Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP),
Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP), and (with this feature) PBR can register their interest in
specific, tracked objects and then take action when the state of the objects changes.

PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options Feature Design


The PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options feature gives PBR access to all the objects that are
available through the tracking process. The tracking process provides the ability to track individual
objects such as ICMP ping reachability, routing adjacency, an application running on a remote device, a
route in the Routing Information Base (RIB), or to track the state of an interface line protocol.
Object tracking functions in the following manner. PBR will inform the tracking process that a certain
object should be tracked. The tracking process will in turn notify PBR when the state of that object
changes.

How to Configure PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options


This section contains the following procedure:
• Configuring PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options, page 2 (required)

Configuring PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options


This task configures PBR support for multiple tracking options.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. rtr operation-number
4. type echo protocol protocol-type target [source-ipaddr ip-address]

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PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options
How to Configure PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options

5. exit
6. rtr schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh:mm[:ss] [month day |
day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}] [ageout seconds]
7. track object-number rtr entry-number [reachability]
8. exit
9. interface type number
10. ip address ip-address mask [secondary]
11. ip policy route-map map-tag
12. exit
13. route-map map-tag [permit | deny] [sequence-number]
14. set ip next-hop verify-availability [next-hop-address sequence track object]

DETAILED STEPS

Command or Action Purpose


Step 1 enable Enables privileged EXEC mode.
• Enter your password if prompted.
Example:
Router> enable
Step 2 configure terminal Enters global configuration mode.

Example:
Router# configure terminal
Step 3 rtr operation-number Enters SAA RTR configuration mode and configures an
SAA operation.
Example: Note This command is replaced by the ‘ip sla monitor
Router(config)# rtr 1 operation-number’ command in Release
OR 12.3(14)T and later.
Router(config)# ip sla monitor 1
Step 4 type echo protocol protocol-type target Configures an SAA end-to-end echo response time probe
[source-ipaddr ip-address] operation.

Example:
Router (config-rtr)# type echo protocol
ipicmpecho 10.1.1.10
Step 5 exit Exits SAA RTR configuration mode and returns the router
to global configuration mode.
Example:
Router(config-rtr)# exit

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How to Configure PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options

Command or Action Purpose


Step 6 rtr schedule operation-number [life {forever | Configures the time parameters for the SAA operation.
seconds}] [start-time {hh:mm[:ss] [month day |
day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}] Note This command is replaced by the ip sla monitor
[ageout seconds] schedule command in Release 12.3(14)T and later.

Example:
Router(config)# rtr schedule 1 life forever
start-time now
Step 7 track object-number rtr entry-number Tracks the reachability of an Response Time Reporter
[reachability] (RTR) object and enters tracking configuration mode.

Example:
Router(config)# track 123 rtr 1 reachability
Step 8 exit Exits tracking configuration mode, and returns the router to
global configuration mode.
Example:
Router(config-track)# exit
Step 9 interface type number Specifies an interface type and number, and enters interface
configuration mode.
Example:
Router(config)# interface ethernet 0
Step 10 ip address ip-address mask [secondary] Specifies a primary or secondary IP address for an interface.
• Refer to the “Configuring IP Addressing” chapter of the
Example: Release 12.3 Cisco IOS IP Configuration Guide for
Router(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1.11 information on configuring IP addresses.
255.0.0.0
Step 11 ip policy route-map map-tag Enables policy routing and identifies a route map to be used
for policy routing.
Example:
Router(config-if)# ip policy route-map alpha
Step 12 exit Exits interface configuration mode and returns the router to
global configuration mode.
Example:
Router(config-if)# exit
Step 13 route-map map-tag [permit | deny] Specifies a route map and enters route-map configuration
[sequence-number] mode.

Example:
Router(config)# route-map alpha
Step 14 set ip next-hop verify-availability Configures the route map to verify the reachability of the
[next-hop-address sequence track object] tracked object.

Example:
Router(config-route-map)# set ip next-hop
verify-availability 10.1.1.1 10 track 123

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PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options
Configuration Examples for PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options

Configuration Examples for PBR Support for Multiple Tracking


Options
This section provides the following configuration example:
• PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options: Example, page 5

PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options: Example


In the following example, object tracking is configured for PBR.
The policy is that packets received on Ethernet 0, should be forwarded to 10.1.1.1 only if that device is
reachable (responding to pings). If 10.1.1.1 is not up, then the packets should be forwarded to 10.2.2.2.
If 10.2.2.2 is also not reachable, then the policy routing fails and the packets are routed according to the
routing table.
Two SAA Echo operations are configured to ping the remote devices. The SAA operations are then
tracked. Policy routing will monitor the state of the tracked operations and make forwarding decisions
based on their state.
! define and start the SAA operations
rtr 1
type echo protocol ipicmpecho 10.1.1.1
rtr schedule 1 start-time now life forever
!
rtr 2
type echo protocol ipicmpecho 10.2.2.2
rtr schedule 2 start-time now life forever
!
!track the SAA operations
track 123 rtr 1 reachability
track 124 rtr 2 reachability
!
! enable policy routing on the incoming interface
interface ethernet 0
ip address 10.4.4.4 255.255.255.0
ip policy route-map alpha
!
! 10.1.1.1 is via this interface
interface ethernet 1
ip address 10.1.1.254 255.255.255.0
!
! 10.2.2.2 is via this interface
interface ethernet 2
ip address 10.2.2.254 255.255.255.0
!
! define a route-map to set the next-hop depending on the state of the tracked rtrs
route-map alpha
set ip next-hop verify-availability 10.1.1.1 10 track 123
set ip next-hop verify-availability 10.2.2.2 20 track 124

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PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options
Additional References

Additional References
The following sections provide references related to the PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options
feature.

Related Documents
Related Topic Document Title
Object tracking within Cisco IOS software Enhanced Object Tracking feature document, Cisco IOS
Release 12.2(15)T
Configuring IP addresses “Configuring IP Addressing” chapter in the Cisco IOS IP
Configuration Guide, Release 12.3

Standards
Standards Title
No new or modified standards are supported by this —
feature, and support for existing standards has not been
modified by this feature.

MIBs
MIBs MIBs Link
No new or modified MIBs are supported by this To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS
feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the
modified by this feature. following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs

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PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options
Command Reference

RFCs
RFCs Title
No new or modified RFCs are supported by this —
feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been
modified by this feature.

Technical Assistance
Description Link
Technical Assistance Center (TAC) home page, http://www.cisco.com/public/support/tac/home.shtml
containing 30,000 pages of searchable technical
content, including links to products, technologies,
solutions, technical tips, and tools. Registered
Cisco.com users can log in from this page to access
even more content.

Command Reference
The following modified command is pertinent to this feature. To see the command pages for this
command and other commands used with this feature, go to the Cisco IOS Master Commands List,
Release 12.4, at http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/software/ios124/124mindx/
124index.htm.
• set ip next-hop verify-availability

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© 2004 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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PBR Support for Multiple Tracking Options
Command Reference

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