Sunteți pe pagina 1din 8

SIEMENS 7SD522

local test only


254 E% K_ALF_N. % 1210 I-Diff> setting 253 CT Error % system error % used for both caulculation 205 CT ratio primary value *Pickup vaule method 1 *Pickup vaule method 2 **Pickup in case of note 2 Pickup value primary *restrain value **restrain in case of note 2 10 0.4 3 0 1200 0.4124 0.4124 0.460 494.8 0.412 0.441 % A % % 41 41 46 A 41 44 % % % % % 1210 253 253 251 254

Local and remote


I-Diff> setting CT error local % CT error Remote % K_ALF/K_ALF_N. % E% K_ALF_N. % Injected Remote current Injected Local current *Pickup vaule will be **Pickup in case of note 2 *restrain value **restrain in case of note 2 0.2 3 3 1 10 0.5 0.5 0.7371 0.8333 0.230 0.300 A % % % % A A 74 % 83 % 23 % 30 %

SETTING OPERATING RESULT RESTRAIN RESULT ENTER BY USER Eng.Mohamed Ibrahim AT&C

* Note 1:
The pickup characteristic of the differential protection derives from the restraining characteristic Idiff = Irest (45-curve), that is cut below the setting value I-DIFF>. It complies with the formula Irest = I-DIFF> + (errors by CTs and other measuring errors) If the calculated differential current exceeds the pickup limit and the greatest possible measurement error

**Note 2:
if fault current / IN more than Address 251 K_ALF/K_ALF_N. we must takeAddress 254 E% K_ALF_N. in calculation of restrain value

4202 K factor 4203 TIME CONSTANT 4204 alarm% I fault injected 206 I nominal I inject prefault

1.1 1 0.9 2 1 0.5 A A A min

internal culculation

x1 x2

3.30579 0.20661

T alarm minute T alarm second


T trip minute T trip / second

0.2533 15.196
0.296 17.74

min. Sec.
min. Sec.

Note : To test we use two stages 1st prefault for 5 min. 2nd stage injected current

Calculating the overtemperature The thermal replica is calculated individually for each phase. Address 4206 CALC. METHOD decides whether the highest of the three calculated temperatures ( max) or their arithmetic average (Average ) or the temperature calculated from the phase with maximum current ( from Imax) should be decisive for the thermal alarm and tripping stage. Since an overload usually occurs in a balanced way, this setting is of minor importance. If unbalanced overloads are to be expected, however, these options lead to different results. Averaging should only be used if a rapid thermal equilibrium is possible in the protected object, e.g. with belted cables. If the three phases are, however, more or less thermally isolated (e.g. single conductor cables or overhead lines), one of the maximum settings should be chosen at any rate.

SETTING TRIP RESULT ALARM RESULT

2642 T IP Time Dial 2640 IP> pickup I injected 2660 INVERSE 2660 very inverse 2660 Extremely inverse 2660 long time inverse

0.2 2 5 1.5139 1.8000 3.0476 16.0000

Sec A A Sec. Sec. Sec. Sec.

nverse Time Test: 1. Formula for IEC curve address (2660) when select normal inverse curve: I p > = 0.5A, I o > = 0.5A T = 0.14TP / {( I/IP )0.02 1} seconds 2. For IEC curve add (2660) is very inverse curve: I p > = 0.5A, I o > = 0.5A T = 13.5 TP / {( I/IP ) 1} seconds

2656 T 3I0P Time Dial 2650 3I0P> pickup I injected 2660 INVERSE 2660 very inverse 2660 Extremely inverse 2660 long time inverse

0.2 2 5 1.5139 1.8000 3.0476 16.0000

Sec A A Sec. Sec. Sec. Sec.

3. For IEC curve add (2660) is extremely curve: I p > = 0.5A, I o > = 0.5A T = 80 TP / {( I/IP )2 1} Seconds 4. For IEC curve add (2660) is long inverse: I p > = 0.5A, I o > = 0.5A T = 120TP / {( I/IP ) 1} (SEC) where T: Trip Time TP: Setting Value Time Multplier IP : Setting Value Current I: Injected Current

SETTING OPERATING RESULT

Fault locator SIEMENS


1111 Line length

100 0.46
length

Km ohm/Km
reactance

1110 Reactance per Km

Fault locator The measurement o important suppleme Availability of the line for power be increased when t

Total line 25% line lenth 50% line lenth 75% line lenth 100% line lenth

100 25 50 75 100

46 11.5 23 34.5 46
SETTING OPERATING RESULT

Measuring toleran