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Chapter 13 Sources of Information on Preparing HACCP Plans

Key Teaching Points 1. Describe how Chapter 13 is divided into two main parts (1. sources of information, and 2. how to use the FDA's "Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance") for conducting a hazard analysis and developing a HACCP plan. 2. Review the key sources of information. 3. Discuss how the Seafood Discussion Group Mailing List can provide assistance and guidance on seafood HACCP issues. 4. Explain how the Compendium of Fish and Fishery Processes, Hazards and Controls (http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/haccp/compend.htm) is a Seafood HACCP Alliance internet document designed to complement the FDAs Hazards and Controls Guidance and the HACCP training curriculum in developing a HACCP plan. 5. Note that the FDAs Fish and Fisheries Products Hazards and Controls Guidance, a primary tool for conducting a hazard analysis and developing a HACCP plan, is a non-binding source for identifying species and process related hazards in seafood . 6. Review the distinct features of the chapters and appendices of the Guidance. 7. Demonstrate how the steps in Chapter 2 of the Guidance can be followed to complete the hazard analysis and HACCP plan worksheets. 8. Remind the class that the HACCP plan needs to be signed and dated by either the most responsible individual onsite at the processing facility or by a higher level official of the processor. 9. Distribute blank hazard analysis and HACCP plan worksheets to the class. Based on the ABC Shrimp Co. example in the training curriculum, show how steps in the Guidance correspond to spaces and columns on the worksheets. If time permits, select a seafood product example and use the Guidance to review how to complete the forms. 10. Inform the class that in preparation for day three of the HACCP course their homework is to familiarize themselves with the steps in Chapter 2 of the Guidance for conducting a hazard analysis and developing a HACCP plan.

Teaching Aids Blank copies of the Hazard Analysis worksheet and HACCP plan form (to be used during the session on how to use the guide). Fish and Fisheries Products Hazards and Controls Guidance. If available, display samples of the publications mentioned in the curriculum and any additional relevant resources that will assist your participants in developing their HACCP plans. Post-its to help students quickly refer to various chapters in the training curriculum and the Guidance when reviewing the steps for conducting a Hazard Analysis and developing a HACCP plan.

Resources via the Internet: Generic flow diagram, hazard analysis and HACCP plan worksheets are available as Word and PDF files: http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/haccp/forms.htm Seafood HACCP Alliance. 1999. Seafood HACCP Encore Course Manual, 68 pages http://www.fda.gov/ora/training/satellite/announcements/manual2.pdf Sources of Information on Preparing HACCP Forms: http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/haccp/ch13sources.htm Training Resources: Food Safety, HACCP and Sanitation: http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/Pubs/99resources.htm

Sources of Information on Preparing HACCP Forms*


*Based on Chapter 13 of the HACCP: Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Training Curriculum, 4th Edition, 2001. Developed by the National Seafood HACCP Alliance for Training and Education http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/haccp/ch13sources.htm . Government Inspectors U.S. Food and Drug Administration District Offices http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/district.html U.S. Department of Commerce, Seafood Inspection Program Offices http://seafood.nmfs.noaa.gov/regions.htm State and Local Government Agencies http://www.foodsafety.gov/~fsg/fsggov.html Trade Associations http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/organize/org-ass.htm Sea Grant/Cooperative Extension Sea Grant http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/organize/org-sg.htm Cooperative Extension http://www.csrees.usda.gov/qlinks/partners/state_partners.html PUBLICATIONS US FDA Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guide http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~comm/haccp4.html FDA Compliance Policy Guides (CPGs) and Import Alert Compliance Policy Guides http://www.fda.gov/ora/compliance_ref/cpg/default.htm FDAs Import Program http://www.fda.gov/ora/import/ora_import_program.html FDA National Shellfish Sanitation Program (NSSP) Manuals http://www.issc.org/On-Line_docs/onlinedocs.htm U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) HACCP and Pathogen Reduction http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Science/hazard_analysis_&_pathogen_reduction/index.asp National Marine Fisheries Service NMFS HACCP Manual http://seafood.nmfs.noaa.gov/manual.html Publications provided by the Seafood Inspection Program http://seafood.nmfs.noaa.gov/publications.htm 3

National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods (NACMCF) http://www.fsis.usda.gov/About_FSIS/NACMCF/index.asp National Academy of Sciences Seafood Safety http://www.nap.edu/books/0309043875/html/index.html Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov/ Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/ Codex Alimentarius (CODEX) http://www.codexalimentarius.net/index_en.stm Codex Alimentarius and Recommended International Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery Products http://www.codexalimentarius.net/download/standards/10273/CXP_052e.pdf Current Official Standards http://www.codexalimentarius.net/standard_list.asp Canadian Food Inspection Agency Food Safety Enhancement Program http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/polstrat/haccp/haccpe.shtml FoodSafetyMagazine http://foodsafetymagazine.com National Sea Grant Library Digital HACCP Library http://nsgd.gso.uri.edu/haccp.html Quality Auditor's HACCP Handbook American Society for Quality Food, Drug and Cosmetic Division, 2002, ASQ Quality Press, Milwaukee http://qualitypress.asq.org/perl/catalog.cgi?item=H1078

COMPUTER-ACCESSIBLE INFORMATION SOURCES FDA's Home Page http://www.fda.gov/ HACCP Regulation for Fish and Fishery Products Questions and Answers for guidance to Facilitate the Implementation of a HACCP System in Seafood Processing http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/qa2haccp.html Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~frf/rfe0.html 4

FDA's Home Page (continued) Seafood HACCP http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~comm/haccpsea.html Seafood Information and Resources http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/seafood1.html AquaNIC http://aquanic.org/ USDA, FDA Foodborne Illness Education Center http://peaches.nal.usda.gov/haccp/haccpsearches.asp Seafood Discussion Group (Mailing List) http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/listserv/listinfo.htm SeafoodNIC http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/ Compendium of Fish and Fishery Product Processing Methods, Hazards and Controls http://seafood.ucdavis.edu/haccp/compendium/compend.htm

SELECTED ADDITIONAL REFERENCES FDA/DHHS. 1994. Proposal to Establish Procedures for the Safe Processing and Importing of Fish and Fishery Products, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (202/512-2357), Jan. 28, 1994. Federal Register, pages 4142-4214. Federal Register 60 FR 65095 December 18, 1995. Procedures for the Safe and Sanitary Processing and Importing of Fish and Fishery Products; Final Rule. 21 CFR 123 and 1240. Part I, Preamble, pp. 65095-65152 http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~lrd/searule1.html Federal Register 60 FR 65095 December 18, 1995. Procedures for the Safe and Sanitary Processing and Importing of Fish and Fishery Products; Final Rule. 21 CFR 123 and 1240. Part II, Preamble, pp. 65152-65197 http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~lrd/searule2.html Federal Register 60 FR 65095 December 18, 1995. Procedures for the Safe and Sanitary Processing and Importing of Fish and Fishery Products; Final Rule. 21 CFR 123 and 1240. Part III, Regulation, pp. 65197-65202 http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~lrd/searule3.html Lee, J.S. and K.S. Hilderbrand Jr., 1992. Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Applications to the Seafood Industry, ORESU-H-92-001, Oregon Sea Grant, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. http://nsgd.gso.uri.edu/oresu/oresuh92001.pdf (Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)

Microbiology and Food Safety Committee, National Food Processors Association (NFPA). 1989. "Guidelines for the Development of Refrigerated Foods," NFPA Bulletin 42-L, 1989. Out of Print and scheduled to be updated. A limited number is available upon special request to the Food Products Association (Phone: 1-800-355-0983). NACMCF. 1992 Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Principles and Application Guidelines. Adopted August 14, 1997. National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods. http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~comm/nacmcfp.html Subcommittee on Microbiological Criteria. Committee on Food Protection, Food and Nutrition Board, National Research Council, NAS. 1985. "An Evaluation of the Role of Microbiological Criteria for Foods and Food Ingredients," National Academy Press. http://books.nap.edu/books/0309034973/html/index.html