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Rules for the Classification of Steel Ships

NR 467 AMENDMENTS 2005 still in force in 2006

These sheets contain amendments within the following Sections of: the April 2005 issue of the second Volume of Part B and the first Volume of Part E of Rules for the Classification of Steel Ships (Amendments April 2005). the April 2005 issue of the second Volume of Part D of Rules for the Classification of Steel Ships (Amendments May 2005).

These amendments, first published in 2005, are still in force on July 1st, 2006

Part

Volume

Chapter

Section

Part B Part D Part E

NR 467 B2 DTM R02 E NR 467 D2 DTM R02 E NR 467 E1 DTM R02 E

Ch 7 Ch 9 Ch 1

Sec 4 Sec 1, Sec 4, Sec 13 Sec 2

MARINE DIVISION GENERAL CONDITIONS


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Part B

Amendments to PART B
(Amendments April 2005)

Ch 7, Sec 4, [3.1.1]

Modify requirement [3.1.1] as follows:

Replace the definition of 0 by:


73 0 ,07 L 0 = --------------------------- C FL 60 without being less than 0,85

Add the following definition after the definition of T1:


CFL : in general: CFL = 1 when the additional class notation VeriSTARHULL DFL xx years is assigned, xx being equal to TFL :
log [ 0, 2 log ( Nt FL ) ] C FL = ---------------------------------------------log [ 0, 2 log ( Nt ) ]

Add the following definition after the definition of Nt:


31, 55 0 T FL 6 N tFL = ----------------------------- 10 TA

Add the following definition after the definition of TA:


TFL : Increased design fatigue life, in years, having a value between 25 and 40

Amendments Consolidated 2005

Bureau Veritas

Part D

Amendments to PART D
(Amendments May 2005)

Ch 9, Sec 1, [1.1.1]

Replace the second paragraph of item a) by the following one:


Accordingly, for ships for which the service notation liquefied gas carrier, in accordance with Pt A, Ch 1, Sec 2, [4.4.4], is requested, the IGC Code requirements are to be considered as rule requirements, unless otherwise specified and with the exception indicated in[1.1.2].

Add the word generally between supplement and those at the first line of item b).

Ch 9, Sec 13, [1.3.1]

Replace, in items a) 2) and b) 2), the references to the IGC Code by the reference 4.2.7.

Chapter 9

Replace Section 4 by the edition given in the following pages. Main amendments done in this section concern:
application of IGC code to type A independent tanks (plating and ordinary stiffeners) in Article 6 revision and clarification for the calculation of supports of the different types of independent tanks in Article 9.

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Amendments Consolidated 2005

Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

SECTION 4

CARGO CONTAINMENT

Symbols
ReH Rm Ry : Minimum yield stress, in N/mm2, of the material, defined in Pt B, Ch 4, Sec 1, [2] : Minimum ultimate tensile strength, in N/mm2, of the material : Minimum yield stress, in N/mm2, of the material, to be taken equal to 235/k N/mm2, unless otherwise specified : Material factor for steel, defined in Pt B, Ch 4, Sec 1, [2.3] : Spacing, in m, of ordinary stiffeners : Span, in m, of ordinary stiffeners, measured between the supporting members, see Pt B, Ch 4, Sec 3, [3.2] : Aspect ratio of the plate panel, equal to:
l

The following note is to be written on the Certificate of Fitness: The minimum permissible temperature in the cargo preheater is..... C.

2
2.1

Design loads
Internal pressure for integral tanks and membrane tanks
General

k s
l

2.1.1

The inertial internal liquid pressure is to be calculated according to Part B, Chapter 5.

ca

2.2

s c a = 1 ,21 1 + 0 ,33 -

Internal pressure for type A, type B and type C independent tanks


General

s 0 ,69 l

2.2.1

to be taken not greater than 1,0 cr : Coefficient of curvature of the panel, equal to: cr = 1 0,5 s / r to be taken not less than 0,5 b, s : Coefficients defined in Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 2, [3.4.2].

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.3.2 The inertial internal liquid pressure is to be calculated considering the ship in the following mutually exclusive conditions: upright ship conditions (see [2.2.2]) inclined ship conditions (see [2.2.3]).

1
1.1

Definitions
Design pressure in harbour conditions
Figure 1 : Dimensionless acceleration in upright ship condition
C L CG OF TANK

1.1.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.2.6.4 Where the vapour pressure in harbour conditions is greater than p0, defined in IGC Ch 4, 4.2.6.4, this value is to be specified in the operating instructions for the ships Master.
> >ma

1.2
1.2.1

Design temperature
a

Use of cargo heater to raise the cargo temperature IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.2.7 Where a cargo heater, intended to raise the cargo temperature to a value permissible for cargo tanks, is envisaged, the following requirements are to be complied with: the piping and valves involved are to be suitable for the design loading temperature a thermometer is to be fitted at the heater outlet. It is to be set at the design temperature of the tanks and, when activated, it is to give a visual and audible alarm. This alarm is to be installed in the cargo control station or, when such a station is not foreseen, in the wheelhouse.
Ellipses

>

ax

AMIDSHIPS

At 0.05L from FP

az

1.0

Amendments Consolidated 2005

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Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

2.2.2

Accelerations in upright ship conditions

In these conditions, the ship encounters waves which produce ship motions in the X-Z plane, i.e. surge, heave and pitch. The dimensionless acceleration a is to be obtained, for an arbitrary direction , in accordance with Fig 1, in which the wave longitudinal and vertical accelerations aX and aZ , respectively, are calculated from the formula in IGC Ch 4, 4.12. 2.2.3 Accelerations in inclined ship conditions

Figure 2 : Dimensionless acceleration in inclined ship condition


C L CG OF TANK

> >ma

In these conditions, the ship encounters waves which produce ship motions in the X-Y and Y-Z planes, i.e. sway, heave, roll and yaw. The dimensionless acceleration a is to be obtained, for an arbitrary direction , in accordance with Fig 2, in which the wave transverse and vertical accelerations aY and aZ, respectively, are calculated from the formula in IGC Ch 4, 4.12 2.2.4 Liquid heights and pressure

>

ay

Ellipses

AMIDSHIPS

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.3.2.2 The liquid heights Z are to be calculated in accordance with Fig 3 at each calculation point of the tank. At each calculation point, the maximum internal pressure (Pgd)max is to be obtained for the direction which gives the maximum value of Pgd , according to IGC Ch 4, 4.3.2.2 (see Fig 4). 2.2.5 Cargo mass density

At 0.05L from FP

3
3.1

Hull scantlings
Application

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.3.2.2 Where the maximum mass density of the liquid carried is not given, the following values, in t/m3, are to be considered: L = 0,50 t/m3 for methane L according to Ch 9, Sec 19, Tab 1 for other products.

3.1.1 The requirements in [3.2] to [3.4] apply to the hull structure, with the exception of the independant tank stucture.

3.2

Plating

3.2.1 Minimum net thicknesses The net thickness of the weather strength deck, trunk deck, tank bulkhead and watertight bulkhead plating is to be not less than the values given in Tab 1.

Figure 3 : Determination of liquid height Z for pressure points 1, 2 and 3


z Z >3 3 z Z >1 1 Z >2 Z >3
>

Z >2

> a>

Z >1 1 y

Z >! 2 a> 3
>

Z >2 3 y 2 a> 1

Z >1
>

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az
Amendments Consolidated 2005

1.0

Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

Table 1 : Minimum net thickness of the weather strength deck, trunk deck, tank bulkhead and watertight bulkhead plating
Plating Weather strength deck and trunk deck, if any, for the area within 0,4L amidships (1) Longitudinal framing Transverse framing Weather strength deck and trunk deck, if any, at fore and aft parts and between hatchways (1) Tank bulkhead Watertight bulkhead (1) Minimum net thickness, in mm 1,6 + 0,032 L k1/2 + 4,5 s for L < 220 for L 220 6 k1/2 + 5,7 + s 1,6 + 0,04 L k1/2 + 4,5 s 6 k1/2 + 7,5 + s for L < 220 for L 220

2,1 + 0,013 L k1/2 + 4,5 s 1,7 + 0,013 L k1/2 + 4,5 s 1,3 + 0,013 L k1/2 + 4,5 s

The minimum net thickness is to be obtained by linearly interpolating between that required for the area within 0,4 L amidships and that at the fore and aft part. Note 1: s: Length, in m, of the shorter side of the plate panel.

3.3
3.3.1

Ordinary stiffeners
Minimum net thicknesses

Figure 4 : Determination of internal pressure for pressure points 1, 2 and 3

The net thickness of the web of ordinary stiffeners is to be not less than the value obtained, in mm, from the following formulae: tMIN = 0,8 + 0,013 L k1/2 + 4,5 s for L < 220 m tMIN = 3 k1/2 + 4,5 + s for L 220 m

1 2

Pgd
2

3.4
3.4.1

Primary supporting members


Minimum net thicknesses

The net thickness of plating which forms the webs of primary supporting members is to be not less than the value obtained, in mm, from the following formula: tMIN = 4,1 + 0,015 L k
1/2

>
>max

4
4.1
4.1.1

Structural analysis of integral tanks


Scantlings

5.2

Scantlings

5.2.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.2 The net scantlings of plating, ordinary stiffeners and primary supporting members of membrane tanks are to be not less than those obtained from Part B, Chapter 7, where the hull girder loads and the internal pressure are to be calculated according to Part B, Chapter 5.

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.1 The net scantlings of plating, ordinary stiffeners and primary supporting members of integral tanks are to be not less than those obtained from Part B, Chapter 7, where the hull girder loads and the internal pressure are to be calculated according to Part B, Chapter 5.

6
6.1

Structural analysis of type A independent tanks


Plating

Structural analysis of membrane tanks


General

5.1

6.1.1 Minimum gross thickness IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.4 The gross thickness of plating of type A independent tanks, in mm, is to be not less than: t = 3,5 + 5 s

5.1.1 Specific allowable hull girder stresses and/or deflections, indicated by the Designer, are to be taken into account for the determination of the scantlings.

Amendments Consolidated 2005

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Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

6.1.2

Plating subject to lateral pressure

6.2.3

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.4 The gross thickness of plating subject to lateral pressure, in mm, is to be not less than:
p IG C t = 16, 5 c a c r s --------Ry

Ordinary stiffeners subject to testing conditions

IGC CODE REFERENCE: Ch 4, 4.4.4 The gross section modulus w, in cm3, and the gross shear sectional area Ash , in cm 2, of ordinary stiffeners subjected to testing pressure are to be not less than the values obtained from the following formulae:
pST 2 3 w = 1, 22 b ------------ s 10 12R y
l l

where: pIGC : Internal lateral pressure, in kN/m , in the tank, as defined in [2.2].
2

pST sA s h = 12 , 2 s ------ 1 ----- s Ry 2

6.1.3

Plating subject to testing conditions where: pST

IGC CODE REFERENCE: Ch 4, 4.4.4 The gross thickness of plating subject to testing pressure, in mm, is to be not less than:
p ST t = 15, 4 c a c r s -----Ry

: Testing pressure, in kN/m2, obtained according to IGC Ch 4, 4.10.10. Ordinary stiffeners subject to sloshing conditions

6.2.4

where: pST : Testing pressure, in kN/m2, obtained according to IGC Ch 4, 4.10.10.

IGC CODE REFERENCE: Ch 4, 4.4.4 The scantlings of ordinary stiffeners subjected to sloshing pressure are to be obtained according to Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 2, [3].

6.1.4

Plating subject to sloshing conditions

IGC CODE REFERENCE: Ch 4, 4.4.4 The thickness of plating subject to sloshing pressure, in mm, is to be obtained according to Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 1, [3].

6.3
6.3.1

Primary supporting members


Minimum gross thickness

IGC CODE REFERENCE: Ch 4, 4.4.4 The gross thickness of the web of primary supporting members, in mm, is to be not less than: t = 5 + 0,02 L k1/2 where L is to be taken not greater than 275. 6.3.2 Scantlings of primary supporting members

6.2
6.2.1

Ordinary stiffeners
Minimum gross thickness

IGC CODE REFERENCE: Ch 4, 4.4.4 The gross thickness of the web of ordinary stiffeners, in mm, is to be not less than: t = 4,5 + 0,02 L k1/2 where L is to be taken not greater than 275. 6.2.2 Ordinary stiffeners subject to lateral pressure

IGC CODE REFERENCE: Ch 4, 4.4.4 The scantlings of primary supporting members are to be not less than those obtained from Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 3 where the hull girder loads and the lateral pressures are to be calculated according to Part B, Chapter 5, with the resistance partial safety factor R obtained from: Tab 2, for general case of yielding check Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 3, for other criteria.

IGC CODE REFERENCE: Ch 4, 4.4.4 The gross section modulus w, in cm3, and the gross shear sectional area Ash, in cm 2, of ordinary stiffeners subjected to lateral pressure are to be not less than the values obtained from the following formulae:
p IG C - 2 3 w = b ---------------- s 10 12 A LL
l l

When calculating the internal pressure, the presence of the dome may be disregarded. Table 2 : Type A independent tanks primary supporting members - Resistance partial safety factor R
Resistance partial safety factor R 1,30 1,15

p I GC s A s h = 10 s --------- 1 ----- s 2 ALL

where: pIGC ALL : : Internal lateral pressure, in kN/m2, as defined in [2.2] Allowable stress, in N/mm 2, taken equal to the lower of Rm / 2,66 or ReH / 1,33.
Type of three dimensional model Beam or coarse mesh finite element model Fine mesh finite element model

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Amendments Consolidated 2005

Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

Structural analysis of type B independent tanks


Plating and ordinary stiffeners
Strength check of plating and ordinary stiffeners subject to lateral pressure

7.2.4 Inertial loads IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The inertial loads are to be obtained from the formulae in IGC Ch 4, 4.3.2. 7.2.5 Yielding check of primary supporting members of type B independent tanks primarily constructed of bodies of revolution IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The equivalent stresses of primary supporting members are to comply with the following formula: E ALL where: : E Equivalent stress, in N/mm2, to be obtained from the formula in IGC Ch 4, 4.5.1.8 for each of the following stress categories, defined in IGC Ch 4, 4.13: primary general membrane stress primary local membrane stress primary bending stress secondary stress Allowable stress, defined in IGC Ch 4, 4.5.1.4 for each of the stress categories above.

7.1
7.1.1

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The net scantlings of plating and ordinary stiffeners of type B independent tanks are to be not less than those obtained from the applicable formulae in Part B, Chapter 7, where the internal pressure is to be calculated according to [2.2]. 7.1.2 Buckling check

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The scantlings of plating and ordinary stiffeners of type B independent tanks are to be not less than those obtained from the applicable formulae in Part B, Chapter 7.

7.2
7.2.1

Primary supporting members


Analysis criteria ALL 7.2.6 :

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The analysis of the primary supporting members of the tank subjected to lateral pressure based on a three dimensional model is to be carried out according to the following requirements: the structural modelling is to comply with the requirements from Pt B, Ch 7, App 1, [1] to Pt B, Ch 7, App 1, [3] the stress calculation is to comply with the requirements in Pt B, Ch 7, App 1, [5] the model extension is to comply with [7.2.2] the wave hull girder loads and the wave pressures to be applied on the model are to comply with [7.2.3] the inertial loads to be applied on the model are to comply with [7.2.4]. 7.2.2 Model extension ALL :

Yielding check of primary supporting members of type B independent tanks primarily constructed of plane surfaces IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The equivalent stresses of primary supporting members are to comply with the following formula: E ALL where: : E Equivalent stress, in N/mm2, to be obtained from the formulae in Pt B, Ch 7, App 1, [5.1], as a result of direct calculations to be carried out in accordance with [7.2.1] Allowable stress, in N/mm2, to be obtained from Tab 3.

Table 3 : Allowable stress for primary supporting members primarily constructed of plane surfaces
Material C-Mn steel and Ni-steels Allowable stress, in N/mm2 The lesser of: 0,75 ReH 0,5 Rm The lesser of: 0,80 ReH 0,4 Rm The lesser of: 0,75 ReH 0,35 Rm

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The longitudinal extension of the structural model is to comply with Pt B, Ch 7, App 1, [3.2]. In any case, the structural model is to include the hull and the tank with its supporting and keying system. 7.2.3 Wave hull girder loads and wave pressures

Austenitic steels

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 Wave hull girder loads and wave pressures are to be obtained from a complete analysis of the ship motion and accelerations in irregular waves, to be submitted to the Society for approval, unless these data are available from similar ships. These loads are to be obtained as the most probable the ship may experience during its operating life, for a probability level of 108.
Aluminium alloy

Note 1: ReH : Rm :

Minimum yield stress, in N/mm2, of the material, as defined in Pt B, Ch 4, Sec 1, [2.1] Ultimate minimum tensile strength, in N/mm2, of the material, as defined in Pt B, Ch 4, Sec 1, [2.1].

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Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

7.2.7

Buckling check of local buckling of plate panels of primary supporting members IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 A local buckling check is to be carried out according to Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 1, [5] for plate panels which constitute primary supporting members. In performing this check, the stresses in the plate panels are to be obtained from direct calculations to be carried out in accordance with [7.2.1].

Figure 5 : Simplified stress distribution for fatigue analysis

I0

I1

I2

I3
10 2 103

I4

I5
104

7.3

Fatigue analysis
10

I6
105 106

I7

I8

107 108

7.3.1 General IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5.6 The fatigue analysis is to be performed for areas where high wave induced stresses or large stress concentrations are expected, for welded joints and parent material. Such areas are to be defined by the Designer and agreed by the Society on a case-by-case basis. 7.3.2 Material properties IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5.6 The material properties affecting fatigue of the items checked are to be documented. Where this documentation is not available, the Society may request to obtain these properties from experiments performed in accordance with recognised standards. 7.3.3 Wave loads In upright ship and in inclined ship conditions the wave loads to be considered for the fatigue analysis of the tank include: maximum and minimum wave hull girder loads and wave pressures, to be obtained from a complete analysis of the ship motion and accelerations in irregular waves, to be submitted to the Society for approval, unless these data are available from similar ships. These loads are to be obtained as the most probable the ship may experience during its operating life, for a probability level of 108. Maximum and minimum inertial pressures, to be obtained from the formulae in IGC Ch 4, 4.3.2 as a function of the arbitrary direction . 7.3.4 Simplified stress distribution for fatigue analysis IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.3.4.3 The simplified long-term distribution of wave loads indicated in IGC Code 4.3.4.3 may be represented by means of 8 stress ranges, each characterised by an alternating stress i and a number of cycles ni (see Fig 5). The corresponding values of i and ni are to be obtained from the following formulae:

0 ni

: Most probable maximum stress over the life of the ship, in N/mm2, for a probability level of 108 : Number of cycles for each stress i considered (i = 1, 2,..., 8). Conventional cumulative damage

7.3.5

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5.6 For each structural detail for which the fatigue analysis is to be carried out, the conventional cumulative damage is to be calculated according to the following procedure: The long-term value of hot spot stress range S,0 is to be obtained from the following formula:
S, 0 = S, M AX S, M IN

where: S,MAX, S,MIN: Maximum and minimum hot spot stress to be obtained from a structural analysis carried out in accordance with Pt B, Ch 7, App 1, where the wave loads are those defined in [7.3.3]. The long-term value of the notch stress range N,0 is obtained from the formulae in Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 4, [4.3] as a function of the hot spot stress range S,0 . The long-term distribution of notch stress ranges N,I is to be calculated. Each stress range N,I of the distribution, corresponding to ni stress cycles, is obtained from the formulae in [7.3.4], where 0 is taken equal to N,0 . For each notch stress range N,I, the number of stress cycles NI which cause the fatigue failure is to be obtained by means of S-N curves corresponding to the as-rolled condition (see Fig 6). The criteria adopted for obtaining the S-N curves are to be documented. Where this documentation is not available, the Society may require the curves to be obtained from experiments performed in accordance with recognised standards. The conventional cumulative damage for the i notch stress ranges N,I is to be obtained from the formula in IGC Ch 4, 4.4.5.6. Check criteria

i i = 0 1 ,0625 -8 n i = 0 ,9 10

i

7.3.6

where: i : Stress (i = 1, 2,..., 8), in N/mm 2 (see Fig 5)

The conventional cumulative damage, to be calculated according to [7.3.5], is to be not greater than CW, defined in IGC Ch 4, 4.4.5.6.

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Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

Figure 6 : Fatigue check based on conventional cumulative damage method


log,I log,I

,I N,O ,IN,I
1

,IN,I

log n nI
Distribution of notch stress ranges
NI

log N

S-N curve corresponding to the as-rolled condition

7.4.1

General

n i = 0 ,913 10

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The crack propagation analysis is to be carried out for highly stressed areas. The latter are to be defined by the Designer and agreed by the Society on a case-by-case basis. Propagation rates in the parent material, weld metal and heat-affected zone are to be considered. The following checks are to be carried out: crack propagation from an initial defect, in order to check that the defect will not grow and cause a brittle fracture before the defect is detected; this check is to be carried out according to [7.4.4] crack propagation from an initial through thickness defect, in order to check that the defect, resulting in a leakage, will not grow and cause a brittle fracture less than 15 days after its detection; this check is to be carried out according to [7.4.5]. 7.4.2 Material properties

where: i 0 ni : : : Stress (i = 1,06; 2,12; 3,18; 4,24; 5,30), in N/mm2 (see Fig 7) Defined in [7.3.4] Number of cycles for each stress i considered (i = 1,06; 2,12; 3,18; 4,24; 5,30).

Figure 7 : Simplified stress distribution for crack propagation analysis

,I

I0

10

-8

10

-7

10

-6

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5


0

,I1 ,I2 ,I3


1
101

The material fracture mechanical properties used for the crack propagation analysis, i.e. the properties relating the crack propagation rate to the stress intensity range at the crack tip, are to be documented for the various thicknesses of parent material and weld metal alike. Where this documentation is not available, the Society may request to obtain these properties from experiments performed in accordance with recognised standards. 7.4.3 Simplified stress distribution for crack propagation analysis

ni

10 2

15 days

7.4.4

Crack propagation analysis from an initial defect

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 It is to be checked that an initial crack will not grow, under wave loading based on the stress distribution in [7.3.4], beyond the allowable crack size. The initial size and shape of the crack is to be considered by the Society on a case-by-case basis, taking into account the structural detail and the inspection method. The allowable crack size is to be considered by the Society on a case-by-case basis; in any event, it is to be taken less than that which may lead to a loss of effectiveness of the structural element considered.

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.3.4.4 The simplified wave load distribution indicated in IGC Code 4.3.4.4 may be represented over a period of 15 days by means of 5 stress ranges, each characterised by an alternating stress i and number of cycles, ni (see Fig 7). The corresponding values of i and ni are to be obtained from the following formulae:

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7.4

Crack propagation analysis

ii = 0 1 ,1 ------5 ,3

10

-5

10

-4

10

-3

10

-2

10

-1

probability level

,I4
10 3

,I5
10 4

2.10 5
10 5 10 6 107 108

Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

7.4.5

Crack propagation analysis from an initial through thickness defect

where: r t tb : Mean radius, in mm, of the cylindrical shell : Shell thickness, in mm : Bulkhead thickness, in mm.

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 It is to be checked that an initial through thickness crack will not grow, under dynamic loading based on the stress distribution in [7.4.3], beyond the allowable crack size. The initial size of the through thickness crack is to be taken not less than that through which the minimum flow size that can be detected by the monitoring system (e.g. gas detectors) may pass. The allowable crack size is to be considered by the Society on a case-by-case basis; in any event, it is to be taken far less than the critical crack length, defined in [7.4.6]. 7.4.6 Critical crack length

A doubler plate, if any, may be considered as belonging to the attached plating. 8.2.3 Boundary conditions

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.6 The boundary conditions of the stiffening ring are to be modelled as follows: circumferential forces applied on each side of the ring, whose resultant is equal to the shear force in the tank and calculated through the bi-dimensional shear flow theory reaction forces in way of tank supports, to be obtained according to [9.2]. Lateral pressure

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.5 The critical crack length is the crack length from which a brittle fracture may initiate and it is to be considered by the Society on a case-by-case basis. In any event, it is to be evaluated for the most probable maximum stress experienced by the structural element in the ship life, which is equal to the stress in the considered detail obtained from the structural analysis to be performed in accordance with [7.2.1].

8.2.4

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.6 The lateral pressure to be considered for the check of the stiffenung rings is to be obtained from [2.2]. 8.2.5 Yielding check

Structural analysis of type C independent tanks


Scantlings

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.6 The equivalent stress in stiffening rings in way of supports is to comply with the following formula: E ALL where: E : Equivalent stress in stiffening rings calculated for the load cases defined in IGC Ch 4, 4.6.2 and IGC 4.6.3, in N/mm 2, and to be obtained from the following formula:
E = ( N + B ) + 3 2

8.1
8.1.1

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.6 The type C independent cargo tanks are to comply with the requirements of Pt C, Ch 1, Sec 3 related to class 1 pressure vessels, the allowable stresses being those required by the IGC Code.

8.2
8.2.1

Stiffening rings in way of tank supports


Structural model N B ALL

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.6 The stiffening rings in way of supports of horizontal cylindrical tanks are to be modelled as circumferential beams constituted by web, flange, doubler plate, if any, and plating attached to the stiffening rings. 8.2.2 Width of attached plating

: Normal stress, in N/mm2, in the circumferential direction of the stiffening ring : Bending stress, in N/mm2, in the circumferential direction of the stiffening ring : Shear stress, in N/mm2, in the stiffening ring : Allowable stress, in N/mm2, to be taken equal to the lesser of the following values: 0,57 Rm 0,85 ReH

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.6 On each side of the web, the width of the attached plating to be considered for the yielding and buckling checks of the stiffening rings, as in [8.2.5] and [8.2.6], respectively, is to be obtained, in mm, from the following formulae:
b = 0 ,78 rt for cylindrical shell,

8.2.6

Buckling check

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.4.6 The buckling strength of the stiffening rings is to be checked in compliance with the applicable formulae in Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 2.

b = 20 tb lobe tanks)

for longitudinal bulkheads (in the case of

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Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

9
9.1

Supports
Structural arrangement

9.3.2 Supports The structure of the tank and of the ship is to be reinforced in way of the supports so as to withstand the reactions and the corresponding moments. It is to be checked that the combined stress, in N/mm2, in supports is in compliance with the following formula: C ALL where: ALL : Allowable stress, in N/mm2, defined in: Tab 4, for type A independent tanks IGC Ch 4, 4.6, for type B independent tanks. 9.3.3 Antirolling supports Antirolling supports are to be checked under transverse and vertical accelerations, as defined in [9.2.1] for the inclined ship conditions, and applied on the maximum weight of the full tank. It is to be checked that the combined stress, in N/mm2, in antirolling supports is in compliance with the following formula: C ALL where: ALL : Allowable stress, in N/mm2, defined in: Tab 4, for type A independent tanks IGC Ch 4, 4.6, for type B independent tanks. 9.3.4 Antipitching supports Antipitching supports are to be checked under longitudinal accelerations and vertical accelerations, as defined in [9.2.1]for the upright conditions, and applied on the maximum weight of the full tank. It is to be checked that the combined stress, in N/mm2, in antipitching supports is in compliance with the following formula: C ALL where: ALL : Allowable stress, in N/mm2, defined in: Tab 4, for type A independent tanks IGC Ch 4, 4.6, for type B independent tanks. Table 4 : Allowable stresses in supports of type A independent tanks
Allowable stress ALL, in N/mm2 Type of support Support Antirolling support Antipitching support Three dimensional model 230/k Beam model The lower of: Rm / 2,66 ReH / 1,33

9.1.1 General REFERENCE IGC CODE : Ch 4, 4.6 The reaction forces in way of tank supports are to be transmitted as directly as possible to the hull primary supporting members, minimising stress concentrations. Where the reaction forces are not in the plane of primary members, web plates and brackets are to be provided in order to transmit these loads by means of shear stresses. 9.1.2 Structure continuity Special attention is to be paid to continuity of structure between circular tank supports and the primary supporting members of the ship. 9.1.3 Openings IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.6 In primary supporting members of tank supports and hull structures in way of tank supports which constitute hull supports, openings are to be avoided and local strengthening may be necessary. 9.1.4 Antiflotation arrangements IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.6.7 Adequate clearance between the tanks and the hull structures is to be provided in all operating conditions.

9.2

Calculation of reaction forces in way of tank supports

9.2.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.6 The reaction forces in way of tank supports are to be obtained from the structural analysis of the tank or stiffening rings in way of tank supports, considering the loads specified in: [6.3], for the structural analysis of type A independent tanks [7], for the structural analysis of type B independent tanks [2.2], for the structural analysis of type C independent tanks. The final distribution of the reaction forces at the supports is not to show any tensile forces. 9.2.2 IGC CODE REFERENCE Ch 4, 4.6.2 Moreover the tanks with supports are also to be designed for a static angle of heel of 30.

9.3

Supports of type A and type B independent tanks

9.3.1 General Fillings lower than 90% are generally not admitted for tanks having no upper antirolling supports.

9.3.5 Anticollision supports Anticollision supports are to be provided to withstand a collision force acting on the tank corresponding to one half the weight of the tank and cargo in the forward direction and one quarter the weight of the tank and cargo in the aft direction.

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Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

Antipitching supports may be combined with anticollision supports. It is to be checked that the combined stress, in N/mm2, in anticollision supports is in compliance with the following formula:
235 C --------k

Figure 8 : Secondary barrier extension

LIQUID LEVEL

30

9.3.6

Antiflotation supports
SECONDARY BARRIER

Antiflotation supports are to be provided and are to be suitable to withstand an upward force caused by an empty tank in a hold space flooded to the summer load draught of the ship. It is to be checked that the combined stress, in N/mm2, in anticollision supports is in compliance with the following formula:
235 C --------k

BREACHED CARGO TANK

11 Insulation
11.1 Heating of structures
11.1.1 Segregation of heating plant IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.8.4 Where a hull heating system complying with IGC Ch 4, 4.8.4 is installed, this system is to be contained solely within the cargo area or the drain returns from the hull heating coils in the wing tanks, cofferdams and double bottom are to be led to a degassing tank. The degassing tank is to be located in the cargo area and the vent outlets are to be located in a safe position and fitted with a flame screen.

9.4
9.4.1

Supports of type C independent tanks

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.6 The net scantlings of plating, ordinary stiffeners and primary supporting members of tank supports and hull structures in way are to be not less than those obtained by applying the criteria in Part B, Chapter 7. The hull girder loads and the lateral pressure to be considered in the formulae above are to be obtained from the formulae in Part B, Chapter 5. 9.4.2 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.6 In addition to [9.4.1], the anticollision supports and antiflotation supports are to be checked according to [9.3.5] and [9.3.6].

12 Materials
12.1 Insulation material characteristics
12.1.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.9.5 AND 4.9.6 The materials for insulation are to be approved by the Society. The approval of bonding materials, sealing materials, lining constituting a vapour barrier or mechanical protection is to be considered by the Society on a case-by-case basis. In any event, these materials are to be chemically compatible with the insulation material. A particular attention is to be paid to the continuity of the insulation in way of tank supports. 12.1.2

9.5

Materials

9.5.1 Insulating materials for tank supports are to be type approved by the Society.
Note 1: In addition to the justification of mechanical properties, the water absorption of the material should not be more than 6% when determined in accordance with DIN 53 495.

10 Secondary barrier
10.1 Secondary barrier extent
10.1.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.7 The extent of the secondary barrier is to be not less than that necessary to protect the hull structures assuming that the cargo tank is breached at a static angle of heel of 30, with an equalisation of the liquid cargo in the tank (see Fig 8).

IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.9.5 AND 4.9.6 Before applying the insulation, the surfaces of the tank structures or of the hull are to be carefully cleaned. 12.1.3 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.9.5 AND 4.9.6 Where applicable, the insulation system is to be suitable to be visually examined at least on one side.

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Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

12.1.4 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.9.5 AND 4.9.6 When the insulation is sprayed or foamed, the minimum steel temperature at the time of application is to be not less than the temperature given in the specification of the insulation.

13.5 Final tests


13.5.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 The tests on the completed system are to be performed in the presence of a Surveyor and are to demonstrate that the cargo containment arrangements are capable of being inerted, cooled, loaded and unloaded in a satisfactory way and that all the safety devices operate correctly. 13.5.2 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 Tests are to be performed at the minimum service temperature or at a temperature very close to it. 13.5.3 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 The reliquefaction and inert gas production systems, if any, and the installation, if any, for use of gas as fuel for boilers and internal combustion engines are also to be tested to the satisfaction of the Surveyor. 13.5.4 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 All operating data and temperatures read during the first voyage of the loaded ship are to be sent to the Society. 13.5.5 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 All data and temperatures read during subsequent voyages are to be kept at the disposal of the Society for a suitable period of time.

13 Construction and testing


13.1 Construction and welding
13.1.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10.9 The following provisions apply to independent tanks: Tracing, cutting and shaping are to be carried out so as to prevent, at the surface of the pieces, the production of defects detrimental to their use. In particular, marking the plates by punching and starting welding arcs outside the welding zone are to be avoided. Before welding, the edges to be welded are to be carefully examined, with possible use of non-destructive examination, in particular when chamfers are carried out. In all cases, the working units are to be efficiently protected against bad weather. The execution of provisional welds, where any, is to be subjected to the same requirements as the constructional welds. After elimination of the fillets, the area is to be carefully ground and inspected (the inspection is to include, if necessary, a penetrant fluid test). All welding consumables are subject to agreement. Welders are also to be agreed.

13.2 Integral tank testing


13.2.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10.6 The testing of integral tanks is to comply with the requirements in Pt B, Ch 12, Sec 3.

14 Structural details
14.1 Special structural details
14.1.1 The specific requirements in Pt B, Ch 12, Sec 2, [2.4] for ships with the service notation liquefied gas carrier are to be complied with.

13.3 Membrane and semi-membrane tanks testing


13.3.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10.7 The testing of membrane and semi-membrane tanks is to comply with the requirements in Pt B, Ch 12, Sec 3.

14.2 Knuckles of the inner hull plating


14.2.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 The detail arrangement of knuckles of the inner hull plating is to be made according to: Pt B, Ch 12, App 2, Tab 36 to Pt B, Ch 12, App 2, Tab 38 for position 1 in Fig 9 Pt B, Ch 12, App 2, Tab 61 and Pt B, Ch 12, App 2, Tab 62 for position 2 in Fig 9 for positions 3 and 4 in Fig 9, in a similar way to positions 1 and 2. 14.2.2 Where there is no prolonging bracket in way of knuckle joints in positions 1 and/or 2, the connection of transverse webs to the inner hull and longitudinal girder plating is to be made with partial penetration welds over a length not less than 400 mm.

13.4 Independent tank testing


13.4.1 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10.10 The conditions in which testing is performed are to simulate as far as possible the actual loading on the tank and its supports. 13.4.2 IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10.10 When testing takes place after installation of the cargo tank, provision is to be made prior to the launching of the ship in order to avoid excessive stresses in the ship structures.

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Pt D, Ch 9, Sec 4

Figure 9 : Positions of connections

14.3.3 Vertical webs within cofferdam bulkhead IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 Vertical webs fitted within the cofferdam bulkhead are to be aligned with the double bottom girders. 14.3.4 Manholes IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 Manholes in double bottom floors aligned with the cofferdam bulkhead plating are to be located as low as practicable and at mid-distance between two adjacent longitudinal girders.

4 3

2 1

14.4 Cut-outs and connections 14.3 Connections of inner bottom with transverse cofferdam bulkheads
14.3.1 General In addition to sheet 3.5 in Pt B, Ch 12, App 2, the requirements in [14.3.2] to [14.3.4] apply. 14.3.2 Floors IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 The thickness and material properties of the supporting floors are to be at least equal to those of the cofferdam bulkhead plating. 14.4.1 Cut-outs IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 Cut-outs for the passage of inner hull and cofferdam bulkhead ordinary stiffeners through the vertical webs are to be closed by collar plates welded to the inner hull plating. 14.4.2 Connection of the cargo containment system to the hull structure IGC CODE REFERENCE : Ch 4, 4.10 Where deemed necessary, adequate reinforcements are to be fitted in the double hull and transverse cofferdams at connection of the cargo containment system to the hull structure. Details of the connection are to be submitted to the Society for approval.

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Amendments Consolidated 2005

Part E

Amendments to PART E
(Amendments April 2005)

Ch 1, Sec 2, [1.1.1]

Add the following paragraph at the end of requirement [1.1.1]:


This additional class notation may be completed by DFL xx years, with xx being equal to the increased design fatigue life, TFL , in years, having a value between 25 and 40, when a fatigue assessment is carried out according to Pt B, Ch 7, Sec 4.

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15

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