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Sankey Diagrams

GCSE P2

We have looked at simple en ergy flow diagrams. In each of the following examples, only the useful output energy has bee n included:

examples, only the useful output energy has bee n included: However, a process cannot b e

However, a process cannot b e perfectly efficient. There is always some ener gy wasted, which is normally given off as therm al energy or sound energy.

e created ly changed o another.
e created
ly changed
o another.

Sankey Diagrams

energy. e created ly changed o another. Sankey Diagrams These can b e used to show

These can b e used to show not

only what

type of energy

transformat ion is going on, but

also exactly

is given off.

how much energy

This is the S ankey diagram for

a filament

light bulb. 100J of

electrical en ergy is put in, and

only 10J of

is given o ut. Most of the energy (90 J) is wasted as thermal ene rgy.

useful light energy

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Sankey Diagrams

GCSE P2

Sankey Diagrams on Gra ph Paper

Sankey diagrams are usually

arrow more accurately. The w idth of the arrow represents the amount o f energy.

represented on graph paper, as we can mea sure the size of the

on graph paper, as we can mea sure the size of the In this Sank ey

In this Sank ey diagram, how much energy has been wasted?

Input, 200J =

little squares

Useful, 50J =

little squares

1 little squ are =

J

Waste, 15 squares =

J

We could also have worked energy: 200J 50J 150J.

this out as the total input energy minus

the useful output

. this out as the total input energy minus the useful output One square on th

One square on th is Sankey diagram represen ts 5J of energy. How much …

(a) … electrical energy is inpu t? (b) … useful sound energy is g iven
(a)
… electrical energy is inpu t?
(b)
… useful sound energy is g iven off?
(c)
…thermal energy is wasted d?
energy is inpu t? (b) … useful sound energy is g iven off? (c) …thermal energy

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