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Sankey Diagrams

GCSE P2

We have looked at simple en ergy flow diagrams. In each of the following examples, only the useful output energy has bee n included: However, a process cannot b e perfectly efficient. There is always some ener gy wasted, which is normally given off as therm al energy or sound energy. e created
ly changed
o another.

Sankey Diagrams These can b e used to show not

only what

type of energy

transformat ion is going on, but

also exactly

is given off.

how much energy

This is the S ankey diagram for

a filament

light bulb. 100J of

electrical en ergy is put in, and

only 10J of

is given o ut. Most of the energy (90 J) is wasted as thermal ene rgy.

useful light energy

http://phy.si

Sankey Diagrams

GCSE P2

Sankey Diagrams on Gra ph Paper

Sankey diagrams are usually

arrow more accurately. The w idth of the arrow represents the amount o f energy.

represented on graph paper, as we can mea sure the size of the In this Sank ey diagram, how much energy has been wasted?

 Input, 200J = little squares Useful, 50J = little squares

1 little squ are =

J

Waste, 15 squares =

J

We could also have worked energy: 200J 50J 150J.

this out as the total input energy minus

the useful output One square on th is Sankey diagram represen ts 5J of energy. How much … (a)
… electrical energy is inpu t?
(b)
… useful sound energy is g iven off?
(c)
…thermal energy is wasted d? http://phy.si