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Name of Drug Azithromycin

Classification Anti-infection

Brand Name: Zithromax

Action Inhibit protein synthesis at the level of the 50S bacterial ribosome

Indication Treatment for upper & lower respiratory tract infections, acute otitis, skin and skin structure infections, genitourinary infection, prevention of Mycobacterium Avium Complex and advanced HIV

Contraindication Hypersensitivity to drug

Side Effects - Dizziness

Nursing Responsibilities - Instruct pt. to avoid his/her head moving quickly

- Diarrhea, N/V - Abdominal Pain

- Increase fluid intake to prevent dehydration


- Don t take with antacid and take it with food or as directed by physician - Monitor for super infection w/c can cause overgrowth of nonsusceptible bacteria or fungi

- Rashes, oral ulcers

Name of Drug Potassium Chloride

Classification Electrolyte Replacement

Action Maintains acid-base balance

Indication Treatment of depletion of electrolytes and arrhythmias due to digoxin toxicity

Contraindication Hyperkalemia

Side Effects Weakness, confusion Diarrhea, N/V

Nursing Responsibilities Protect pt. from injury

Irritation at IV site -

Brand Name: K-Dur, K-Lur

Increase fluid intake to prevent dehydration Inspect for signs of infection

Name of Drug Ventolin Expectorant

Classification Bronchodilator

Action Bind to beta2adrenergic receptors in airway smooth muscle, leading to activation of adenycylclase and increased levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)

Indication For control and prevention of reversible airway obstruction caused by asthma or COPD

Contraindication History of hypersensitivity to any of the components of Ventolin Expectorant.

Side Effects - Nervousness, restlessness, angina - N/V, hypokalemia - Allergies

Nursing Responsibilities - Instruct pt. to deep breath and relax, observe for bronchospasm - Increase fluid intake to prevent dehydration - Instruct pt. to avoid animals and others that triggers allergy

Brand Name:

Name of Drug Ceftazidime

Classification Anti-infection

Action Bind to the bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death. Spectrum varies depending on drug generation. Third generation is more effective against more organisms

Indication Treatment of skin ad skin structure infections, bone and joint infections, UTI, gonorrhoea, meningitis and perioperative prophylaxis

Contraindication Hypersensitivity to cephalosporins

Side Effects - Seizure

Nursing Responsibilities - Instruct relatives to stay with the client and prevent from injury - Instruct pt. not no move head quickly - Assess for site of infection - Report for any signs of infection

- Headache - Local Pain IM site - Rash

Brand Name: Fortaz

Name of Drug Montelukast

Classification Anti-allergy, cold and cough remedy, bronchodilator

Action Antagonize the effects of leukotrienes. Leukotrienes are mediators of the inflammatory response.

Indication Prevention and chronic treatment of asthma. Management of seasonal allergic rhinitis.

Contraindication If your asthma symptoms get worse when you take aspirin, avoid taking aspirin or other NSAIDs (nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs) while you are taking montelukast

Side Effects - Headache, dizziness, fatigue - Cough, flu

Nursing Responsibilities - Instruct pt. not no move head quickly - Instruct pt. to expectorate phlegm during productive cough to prevent build-up in airway which causes airway obstruction

Brand Name: Singulair

Name of Drug Cefuroxime

Classification Anti-infection

Action Inhibits cellwall synthesis, promoting osmotic instability; usually bactericidal

Indication

Contraindication

Side Effects

Nursing Responsibilities

Brand Name: Zinacef

Cephalosporins are indicated for the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible organism

Contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to drug or other cephalosporin. Use cautiously in patients hypersensitive to penicillin because of possibility of cross-sensitivity with other beta lactam antibiotics

- Weakness - Diarrhea

- Swelling - Fever - Sore throat

- Protect pt. from injury - Increase fluid intake to prevent dehydration - Elevate the swollen area - Monitor temperature, increase fluid intake - Maintain the client well hydrated

Name of Drug Ciprobay

Classification Anti-infection

Action Ciprofloxacin has in vitro activity against a wide range of gramnegative and gram-positive organisms. The bactericidal action of ciprofloxacin results from inhibition of bacterial type II topoisomerase (DNA gyrase) and topoisomerase IV, which are required for bacterial DNA replication, transcription, repair and recombination.

Indication

Contraindication

Side Effects - Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, dyspepsia, abdominal pain - Dizziness, headache - Tiredness

Nursing Responsibilities - Increase fluid intake to prevent dehydration. Give drug with an empty stomach

Brand Name:

Infections of the Hypersensitivity to resp tract, middle ciprofloxacin or ear, sinuses, eyes, other quinolones. kidneys & urinary tract, genital organs, abdomen, skin & soft tissues, bones & joints; septicemia, infections in patients w/ reduced host defense & for selective intestinal decontamination in immunosuppressed patients.

- Instruct pt. not no move head quickly - Instruct pt. to get enough sleep and relatives to avoid a noisy environment - Instruct relatives to be with the client, present reality. Explained to the relatives that side effects are caused by drug

- Confusion, depression, hallucinations

Name of Drug Paracetamol

Classification Analgesic

Action

Indication

Contraindication Hypersensitivity to drug

Side Effects - Nausea

Nursing Responsibilities - Explained that it is side effects of drug that causes sleep deprivation resulted to nausea - Stop taking the drug if symptoms persists - Report for any signs of infection or allergic reactions

Brand Name: Acetaminophen

Produces Mild to moderate analgesia by pain and fever inhibiting prostaglandin and other substances that sensitize pain receptors. May relieve fever.

- Allergic reactions - Rashes

Name of Drug Acetylcysteine Brand Name: FLUIMUCIL

Classification Anti-viral; expectorant

Action Fluimucil may protect against acetaminophen overdose-induced hepatotoxicity by maintaining or restoring hepatic concentrations of glutathione.

Indication Acute & chronic resp tract affections w/ abundant mucus secretions

Contraindication Effervescent tab/Oral soln: Phenylketonurics.

Side Effects - Bronchospasm

Nursing Responsibilities - Observe for cyanosis, wheezing breath sound - Increase fluid intake to prevent dehydration

- Nausea & Vomiting.