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Judith Knilans, ND.

, PhD A very personal journey into the world of living with fiber diseases ~ a true horror story.

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

Introduction This e-book is a true horror story - my own. It involves a condition being referred to as Morgellons, also known as the fiber disease(s). There are other illnesses involving both humans and animals you need to know about thus this e-book. Public awareness is the purpose. I want it to become a worldwide viral e- book so I am offering it for FREE. Please download it, share it, send links to it and spread this information far and wide through newsletters, personal messages or whatever means you know that will get the message out. I am sharing my very personal story so that I might help others who are or may become infested with this horrid condition. Everyone needs to learn what is going on because up to this point the medical community is not telling anyone about it. Everyone needs to know what is happening because the sooner you eradicate it the easier it is to get better. The conventional medical doctors are clueless about thisand the majority are actually causing more harm by prescribing drugs for mental illness. This is NOT a dermatology disease yet even the CDC is calling it unexplained dermopathy, to view their information go here: It is not a dermatis, it is silicone fibers coming out of your body and eventually causing sores. Extreme exposure to all types of toxic material and gene-transfer is more likely what is behind this condition, as well as many chronic illnesses of the modern day. I discuss ways to help you guard against exposure (prevention) as well as how to get better if you are already ill with chronic conditions. If you find my work to be helpful and you have the funds I sure could use a voluntary contribution because this condition has destroyed my retirement funds. However, my primary goal is to create awareness of just how horrid this is and to help those who are suffering to find some relief. The reason those who do not have it (yet) should be reading this is so that you know how to prevent it or recognize it in the event you already have symptoms. The more people this information can reach the more value I feel it offers to society. If, after reading this e-book, you have found value and you can afford to help my cause then (and only then) I greatly appreciate a donation of whatever you feel is appropriate. Click Here to make a voluntary donation through PayPal website at: Thank You very much in advance if you elect to do this. JudithND.Com 3

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

H & E Publishing Company, Inc. Cheyenne, WY E-Book offered as a public service for FREE Voluntary Donations Are Welcome Additional Information on website Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.


Table of Contents

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 - 11 Symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 - 19 Chapter One - My Initial Symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 - 40 Chapter Two - Professional Perspectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 - 85 Chapter Three - Genetically Engineered Organisms . . . . . 86 - 96 Chapter Four - Protectors of Our Health? . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 - 145 Chapter Five - Gastrointestinal Connection . . . . . . . . . . .146 - 153 Chapter Six - Meat Tainted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 - 194 Chapter Seven - Our Farmers Our Health . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 - 201 Chapter Eight - Getting Well . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 - 256 Chapter Nine - Our Planet - Ourselves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 - 263 Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264 - 265 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .266 - 273


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.


I was born in 1949 and grew up on a dairy farm in northern Illinois. Our farm was the old fashioned kind of farm. We had a small dairy herd, some hogs, some chickens and we practiced crop rotation as a means of insect and weed control. Our corn was cultivated to remove the weeds, not sprayed with chemicals. We spread the manure from the animals on the fields before the spring plowing and planting which was our means of fertilization. In the winter our cows ate good quality hay and corn silage. In the summer they went out to the pastures where they ate the grass as provided by nature, there were no hormone shots to increase their milk production. Quality food is what increased their milk not chemicals. I used to ride my pony out into the pasture to bring the cows back to the barn for milking as early as 5 A.M. and again at 4 P.M. Back then, in the 1950s, as I rode my pony up the lane to get the cows in the early morning hours it was just as the birds were awakening. They sang their songs so loudly that it was all you could hear, a choir of many birds all singing away. Today our farm would have been considered an organic farm but back then I did not know what organic even meant. I am not sure when organic farming terminology came into being but in all likelihood it would have been when Robert Rodale began publishing his Organic Gardening publications in the 1970s. But in the 50s and 60s my life was growing up on an organic farm eating from the garden, eating our own eggs and eating our own farm raised chickens, beef and pork. Chemicals were never a part of our farming practice and crops grew very well. My brother used to sell worms to fisherman. We would go out in the yard after a spring rain and we could pick hundreds and hundreds of worms and put them in his worm box. This would only take a few minutes as there were so many worms it was a matter of just gathering them up. Worms are as scarce as hens teeth on the farm now! I left the farm immediately upon high school graduation which was in 1968. I was a beautiful, healthy, strong and trim young lady. I weighed 119 pounds and had a 22 inch waist. At no time during my life on our organic farm had I ever thought of how much I was eating. No thought was given to counting calories or that ice cream, butter, or animal fat was bad or considered to be fattening. When the sweet corn was ready I would think nothing of having 3-4 ears loaded with butter. No one was fat, no one was sick except for an occasional cold. We milked cows and worked JudithND.Com 7

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness hard 365 days a year. What changed? Our food! Our environment and our exposure to toxins. The farm has been rented out for many years. The rented fields have not had manure spread on them since the time the dairy cows were sold in the 1970s. The fields have produced only corn and soybeans ever since. The modern farming practices evolved with the various new chemicals being sold to the farmers. Farmers were taught how to increase production by use of various chemicals not only in agricultural colleges but by the sales representatives of the chemical manufactures. Chemical fertilizers are used to improve the soil fertility and herbicides are used to kill the weeds in the cornfields. I was never a part of the decision making process of what would be used on our farm fields as the chemical farming industry evolved into what it is today because I had already moved off the farm. I only know (now) it was not a good thing. Fast forward to 2010my family still owns this farmthe birds and the worms hardly exist anymore. The bees are dying off rapidly too. I have been sick for 12 plus years with a condition referred to as Morgellons. Franken-farming has destroyed our health and perhaps our life on earth as we once knew it. I hope my story helps you and your loved ones wake up to the realities of Franken-farming practices, chemicals, genetically modified organisms, meat tainted with every poison imaginable and now NANO materials to top it all off. Our toxic food and our toxic ecosystem have caused dysfunctional immune systems. Many types of chronic illnesses result from this travestyyet it is allowed to continue. My journey has lead me to discover a great deal about the causes of not just my labeled condition of fiber disease also referred to as Morgellons but that my symptoms are shared with many others who do not have Morgellons but they have these mystery diseases: Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Creuzfeldt-Jakob Disease (prion type diseases); Schizophrenia and other mental illnesses, Autoimmune Disorders, Chronic Lyme Disease, Autism Syndrome and other biotoxin related illnesses. Illnesses that I refer to as 21st century dis-ease. For a case definition of Morgellons see Morgellons Research Foundation Site: This book will show you about the connections as to how the modern day agricultural practices and the use of genetically engineered and other manmade materials such as nano technology have a direct and major impact

Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

Introduction on our health and environment. We consume our ill health in the very air we breath and in every glass of milk, hamburger and bowl of cereal that we ingest. Not only is agriculture directly impacting our health but so too is the gasoline, the jet fuels, the diesel fuels and the products we use to clean our homes. Nanotechnology, now added to the toxic soup we swim in, may be the final straw in our downward sprial to having more chronically ill people alive than healthy, vibrant ones. Millions of people live with some type of chronic condition which is bankrupting our health care system. This book will help you understand why that is happening. In my search for medical help with this condition I learned that the majority of physicians (99%) have no idea of what this disease(s) is, how to recognize it and worse yet, they frequently label the patient as delusional and prescribe psychosis type drugs. They are not trained to look for causes that are outside the realm of their text book and drug based educations. Similar to chronic Lyme disease there is an apparent unwillingness to properly identify and treat this condition. Why? Who is benefitting from the denial and cover up of these illnesses? Fortunately, there are a few physicians, very few, who do see that there is a major epidemic occurring which is being ignored. They do not all agree on exactly what the connection is but they at least acknowledge that there is something that is real, not delusional, and needs further investigation by those who are entrusted with protecting our health. This book will introduce you to the horrors that this fiber disease inflicts on people. Further, the condition I have is just one type of manifestation, other illnesses are related including Autism, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Bipolar, ADD, Chronic Lyme Disease, allergies and insect bite (vector borne) related illnesses. I will share my very personal story of life with the fiber disease as my health continued to decline. You will learn of the frustration in not being able to get one single conventional physician to take this seriously. Thousands of other people, hundreds of whom I have either spoken to or had e-mail correspondence with, also suffer without help or recognition of what might be the cause of all their suffering. Our government has failed to realize the significance of monitoring our food supply and allow countless toxins to be consumed. Our soil and animal health directly impacts human health. Genetically modified organisms have opened up the DNA and via gene-transfer we now have completely new types of virus/fungus/bacteria producing within our bodies! Never before seen or known to be possible at any time before JudithND.Com 9

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness now. Still this is all mostly denied by the educated, even now after thousands of lives have been impacted FOREVER little information is made public. It is my sincere hope that you will find help in this book and will share it with anyone you know who has some of the symptoms that are listed and whose physicians have been unable to help them. At the time of this writing the majority of the physicians have no idea how to help you. If you do not follow what the researchers are learning about this disease and the related tick-borne (now insect borne) diseases, genetically modified food and nano material and find a physician who is educated in treatment of biotoxins, mycoplasma, tick-borne pathogens as well as toxicology, you will not regain your health. The only hope you have is to learn how to recognize what I am going to share with you and take care of yourself and your loved ones. If you wait for the conventional medical system to catch up to what is going on you will likely be waiting a long, long time. Once the evidence is fully exposed the dis-eases of the 21st century will be handled differently. But, until we can also change the entire agricultural system of Franken-Farming and limit the overwhelming toxins we are subjected to there may be no hope of ever stopping the chronic illness plagues of our future. You have to get wise and become very selective in what you eat, wear and consume. Detoxification must become a way of life. There are no protectors of your health. You must learn how to make wise choices for your family because what is being served up in the Sickening American Diet (SAD) is an assault to your immune system. This SAD is the cause of the significant increase in auto-immune diseases and our medical system would like to have you believe it is YOU who bring on your obesity, diabetes, ADD, etc.... Noit is those who allow our environment and food supply to be contaminated with GMOs and with unimaginable toxins that cause our health problems. Our medical system makes huge profits on sickness. 80% of all illness is dietary related yet all we keep getting fed are more prescriptions. One third of the American people take FIVE or more prescriptions daily! Farmers must learn how to farm the old fashioned way once again and get back to basics. Organic farming practices and sustainable agriculture needs to be the future method of all crop and livestock production. We will need to help farmers make the transition to become organic farmers

Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

Introduction and teach sustainable farming practices. Our health is directly related to the soils and plants growing from them. The Frankenfoods on our tables today are killing us all. In just my lifetime our changes in food production has been a major contributing factor in the increases in chronic disease. We cannot keep pouring money into a bottomless health care pit thinking that research will help us find a cure. We must stop consuming the toxic soup that has been fed to us for the past 50 years. Long shelf life should not be the objective in our grocery stores or in food production. Human health must once again be the main reason foods are grown. What good are profits when we are all sick and tired and cannot enjoy life? In his book you will meet Morgellons, the new ignored disease coming to a loved one near you! My objective is to empower you to take responsibility for you and your loved ones own survival. You need to realize that the medical system does not always have your best interests in mind when providing you advice. Medical guidelines that are followed do not always represent the best interests of patients but rather agendas of unethical individuals. YOU need to be informed so that YOU can learn how to heal yourself. Thankfully, I have studied alternative health extensively and therein I found a way to fight this condition. The journey has been difficult, what I learned along the way was that I was oblivious to what I was exposed to in my food, air and surroundings. Sadly, I learned that there is a complete denial and possible cover-up of a condition that could destroy millions of people. The protectors of our health have ignored the warnings, even the FDAs recommendations were ignoredwhy? Because corporate wealth usurps public health. And we are all paying a very high priceour health. I sincerely hope that the 12 plus year journey that I endured living with this condition and what I learned in the process and have shared in this book will be of benefit to millions of people. Share this book with everyone you know to bring awareness to what is happening. God Bless YOU Judith Knilans, ND, PhD



Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Symptoms of this disease

Fibers coming of of skin, out of sores on skin and in urine Non healing sores Joint Pain, Stiffness in joints or back Unexplained back pain Neck stiffness and swelling Muscle pain or cramps Twitching of the face or other muscles Confusion, difficult thinking, Difficulty with concentration, reading, unable to absorb new information Word search, name blocks Forgetfulness, poor short term memory, poor attention Disorientation: getting lost, going to wrong places Speech errors, wrong word, mis-speaking Mood swings, irritability, depression Anxiety, panic attacks Headache Light Sensitivity Sound Sensitivity Vision: double, blurry, floaters Ear pain Cough - unexplained chronic Night sweats Sore heals, feet, tendons Tingling, numbness, burning or stabbing sensations, shooting pains, skin Hypersensitivity Facial paralysis - Bells Palsy Dental pains, tooth deterioration rapid onset Neck cracks and creaks, stiff, painful Fatigue, poor stamina, cannot bounce back after exercise Unexplained weight gain and cannot reduce Unexplained weight loss Unexplained hair loss Unexplained milk or fluid from breasts 12 Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

Symptoms Irritable bladder or bladder dysfunction Erectile dysfunction Loss of libido Queasy stomach or nausea Heartburn, stomach pain, GERD Constipation or Diarrhea Heart palpitations or skips Breathlessness, shortness of breath 21 century illnesses = toxins, biofilms, biotoxins, nano-toxins. These illnesses or symptoms are most likely associated to the fibers that are produced in the body which go undetected by most medical practitioners include but are not strictly limited to these: The fiber disease also known as Morgellons Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Fibromyalgia Various mental conditions, Attention Deficit Disorder Bipolar Autism Alzheimers Diabetes Obesity Prion Diseases Multiple Sclerosis Auto-Immune Disease Images of what this condition looks like are on next page. These are all of myself and the fibers that come out of my skin. There are many online pictures from many others who suffer with the same condition. All the images are very similar. This is not a delusional situation when case after case offer their pictures in search of answers. If you have several of the above symptoms study what I am saying in this book and take action for yourself. To wait for the conventional medical doctors to figure this out will take too long. 13

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Meet Morgellons

The fibers that form from my skin 14 Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

Symptoms After speaking to or having e-mail correspondence with hundreds of people I have come to the following conclusion: There is what I refer to as the true Morgellons condition and then there are several variations that appear to be vector borne conditions that are also being referred to as Morgellons. These vector borne conditions resemble lots of mosquito bites all over the body, some are like a hot tub rash, there is intense itching and it develops very rapidly after exposue to certain bug bites (spiders, mites, fleas, bed bugs and ticks), or mold, algae, toxic mud, toxic residues on beaches etc... This type of illness is much easier to clear up and the same protocols I mention will work. It is yet unclear if these rapidly aquired or acute cases are forming the fibers from the cells which the chronic, slowly acquired type, such as I had/have, most definitely do. In time we will likely learn more about this but for the time being what I know is that each person has their own set of how they acquired it and what is coming out of their bodies also varies. There is rapid pleomorphism involved, meaning it changes rapidly from one type of organism to another. For this reason I feel it will be very difficult for conventional medical people to know how to address this because it is not as easy as pathogen A causes illness A. No, it is a whole set of pathogens and toxins causing illnesses A,B,C... and it all varies from person to person. But, toxins and energy are the key word in all of it and once you learn how to avoid and eliminate toxins and modify energy you will see improved health. Everyone should do this to see if you have fibers coming out of your body. To identify the fibers get a black light and a magnifying mirror. In a dark room you will be able to easily see the fibers. These fibers exude from my pores, my facial pores glow under a black light, the fibers are on the skin, scalp and in the hair. They are in your clothes, check around the neck and waist. To see what they look like watch the videos here: Watch the video of the man who shaved his head, watch the whole thing. Watch what the toxicologist, Hildegard Stainger, PhD., has to say below that video. Whether you have sores or not if you have these fibers that show up in the dark with a black light and a magnifying glass you must begin the detoxification processes NOW! I am not in agreement, at this point in time, with any conspiracy theories, such as those who created the website apparently are. I am going to remain neutral, as I believe it is caused by a toxic soup and our own cells are forming the silicone gel material from which the fibers 15

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness and other organisms form. I could be wrong, but at this point I am not going to believe that our government is involved in this disease process. I believe it to be caused by genetrically altered organisms and exposure to toxins, eletromagnetic fields and man-made mistakes in the lab, but I will not (yet) believe our government did this to us intentionally. God I sure hope that is not the case! I will share some images with you, all of these are of myself and what the sores, fibers, hair and various organisms look like. I hope you are able to prevent all this from becoming a reality in your life.


Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.


Fibers within a skin lesion are depicted above. Skin lesion with fibers coming out of it shown below


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Upper left is a fiber around a skin particle. Upper right is a fuzz ball of fiber that forms on clothing or bedding and all around the environment

Below is an organism that the body sheds (the red thing) next to a common piece of sewing thread to show size.


Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

The organism below came out of my scalp. It is placed next to a common sewing thread to indicate size. This image is why I believe this condition is linked to genetically modified organisms.

Upper left fiber sample. Upper right hair shaft with organisms growing out of it, Lower left hair shaft also. Lower right is a scab filled with fibers.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Chapter One
My Initial Symptoms
My Morgellons symptoms began in the mid 90s when I noticed sores on my thighs which, at that time, I thought were ingrown hairs. They did not heal, they itched, intensely, and as time passed they became more numerous. They had coarse hair in the center of them. They were crater like and sometimes healed over but never completely healed. Doctors gave me samples of various ointments which had no effect on the sores. I did not notice any other health problems, at that time, which would lead me to do more intensive health investigation. I had sores, I didnt know why, but life had many other important issues to deal with. Time passed.more sores formed. It took several years before the sores really got bad and spread all over my body. As I now look back on the early stages of this disease I had Gastrointestinal dysfunction and terrible problems with my teeth. Several went bad all at the same time, I did not link it to a disease as I had no idea that this was really a part of the symptoms I later learned would be referred to as Morgellons also known as the fiber disease. I had several root canals performed on my teeth. Every time the dentist worked on my teeth I got sick. I was given one type of antibiotic which failed and then I was given another type. Repeatedly, I was on various courses of antibiotics and I could not continue them due to an inability to keep them in my stomach. This could very well have been due to development of resistant bacteria, L-forms, biofilms or mycoplasma, more on this later. The root canals all failed and I had to have infected roots cut out of my gums, these too became infected and more various antibiotics were prescribed. Due to the very sensitive stomach most types of antibiotics could not be taken for the duration recommended because within a couple days they burned my throat and stomach so much it felt like I was drinking lye. Though at the time there was no way to link the teeth to Morgellons, it is now a known fact that deterioration of teeth is a common symptom. There is also a 20 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One common symptom of having organisms on the tongue in cracks, and having gum and jaw irregularities with this disease. [For those of you suffering with several symptoms do a little experiment: get a bottle of red wine, put an ounce or so in your mouth and swish it around for a minute, then spit it into a white or clear cup. The results may be shocking!] My stomach and esophagus became so inflamed that I often had to sleep sitting up due to the acid reflux. There is a family history of acid reflux so I certainly did not link this condition to a disease process either. Only years later did I learn about the connection of gut tissue disease, teeth root decay, jaw bone decay and this condition referred to as Morgellons. At one point I could barely swallow solid food. To this day my entire GI tract is raw and painful. One research doctor whom I talked to about the Morgellons condition in 2005 links it to a mutated virus. Now it is also linked to nano technology and genetically modified foods but back in the 90s these thoughts were not even on the horizon yet. I had mononucleosis back in the late eighties. Along with the mono I had a severe bladder infection caused by pseudomonas bacteria. I could not take all the repeated oral antibiotic treatments the physician prescribed as it upset my stomach too much. I ended up having IV antibiotics for 10 days to clear up the pseudomonas infection. Did resistant L-forms of bacteria develop in my system with this on and off antibiotic treatment? One doctor felt that the diseases resurface, in a mutated and resistant form. There is evidence that genetically engineered (GE) foods, such as corn, cotton and soy, can trigger latent bacteria or viruses [more on this later]. Before the Epstein Barr viral illness I had been a very healthy and strong woman with no weight problems. However, approximately 10 years after that illness the various symptoms began to appear, which coincidently, also was when genetically modified (GM) foods and nanotechnology were introduced into Americans. It is also timed well with the increasing toxins in our ecosystem linked to various fuels. Is there a link? Did the GM foods trigger a mutation of the original virus? No one ever studied the potential health effects of GM foods to provide us with these answers. When added to the toxic soup we are exposed to from automobile exhaust or jet engine fumes and all the other chemicals which weakens our immune systems have we created the unstoppable superbugs of the 21st century? I think we have and it is all being denied by those at the top. More on these topics later.... 21

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness About the same time I was having sores appear on my legs and having teeth go bad I also had to have a bladder suspension. The surgery ended up not healing and I had to have a drainage tube in my abdomen for a month and once again I was forced to be on long term antibiotics. This infection, the non-healing of tissue, was all part of this disease but no one knows about itnot thenand not now. Had my burning and very distressed gut developed a resistant type of bacteria? Who knows? All information about how this could possibly have occurred has been ignored by the medical professionals. I was sick for weeks as a result of the surgery. I developed peritonitis that could have easily killed me. A drainage tube was in my abdomen for weeks. I have subsequently learned that people with Morgellons are very poor surgical risks, fortunately, I have not had surgery since. I also now have learned that GM foods can cause all types of antibacterial resistance. They can cause new diseases and they can cause the resistance to antibiotics which might otherwise have effectively treated the disease. Other common factors that many people with Morgellons share is an exposure to soil and/or mold or damp wet areas. I too am one of those people. Landscaping around my house is an all summer long event that I have enjoyed my entire life. Also, during the late 90s, I had a wet basement after heavy rains which I did not know (then) could have a very serious effect on my health. The basement often had standing water in it after a rain and I just let it dry up. Is there a connection to soil or dampness or mold/fungus? Some think there is. Now there is documented evidence that once the soil has had genetically engineered crops growing in it for a period of time there is an increased amount of fungus called Fusarium. The etiology of this disease can be linked to many different possible factors, however the similarities shared by those affected should not be ignored by the medical system. The affected people, like me, have to do the best they can to try to find out how to fight this horrid disease because so few doctors know what to do. It forces the patients to take matters into their own hands just to survive.

The First of Many Dead Ends in Seeking Help

About the year 2000, I am still pretty much unaware of what might be going on within my body but I continued to develop the non-healing sores. I do not have that robust health I once had been blessed with and yet I 22 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One could not pin-point anything in particular that was wrong. My weight became an uncontrollable factor, no matter what I did to lose nothing worked. I blamed it on estrogen that I had taken for years so I stopped taking it. The weight continued to increase. I also realized that my weight had nothing to do with exercise or diet when in the mid-nineties I helped to build a new house. I worked right along with the guys for 10 and 12 hour days and I ate very little. My weight did not go down after 2 years of hard physical work it continued to climb! I went on the Atkins diet and followed it faithfully for 6 monthsI gained 4 pounds. In addition to weight gain, I noticed that my vision was getting extremely sensitive to light. Night driving was actually painful when the oncoming lights shined in my eyes. But still, these are just all signs of agingright? Another change is that I became very sensitive to smells. I could not tolerate smoke in a bar. The smell would cause me to tear up and cough. That never happened prior to the nineties but now secondhand smoke was intolerable. I could not go into fabric stores without feeling ill due to the dye fumes coming off the cloth. I stayed away from the tire section of the home and garden retail outlets as the smell of tires also makes me ill. How could these be linked to a disease? One would not ever link them to anything as it all came on so gradually. The sores persisted. And so did my consumption of GM foods and we can no longer avoid the toxic soup we breath in daily.... The illness persisted with no help from doctors. In 2001 I purchased a cottage on the shores of Lake Michigan and began to spend some time at a second location. I worked in the soil and walked on the beach. By the next summer at the cottage I had developed a severe cough. It lasted throughout the entire summer and anytime I did anything physical I coughed uncontrollably. My energy declined dramatically but I still functioned. I blamed it on some virus I had picked up. It will go away was my line of reasoning. Then, in the fall blisters formed on the bottoms of my feet which caused the skin to peel off. Then the tendons on the bottoms of my feet, my ankles and shins became so painful I could hardly walk across the room. I had spent lots of time walking the beach that summer, I was overweight because nothing worked to lower my weight and so I blamed it all on too much beach walking without proper arch support. It took two years for my feet tendons to normalize and my ankles have never been pain free since then. I also wonder if I was exposed to a bird virus by walking on the beach barefoot? Life was turning into a living hell. Essential oils where what finally helped relieve the pain in my feet. 23

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness sential oils also helped bring relief from the pain in my tissues that the inflammation, from the sores, were causing (or so I thought). The tissues in my legs, face, back and arms was now beginning to look swollen. The itching was severe and relentless. Edema is very painful. Even clothing hurt when it pulled or rubbed against my skin. By the time my foot tendon pain subsided the sores had gotten so bad that I could no longer sleep for more than 2-3 hours at a time. I began to search on the internet to see if I could learn more about what might be going on. So far no medical doctor gave me any relief except for saying to use pain pills for the pain! It was about 2003 when I realized that there appeared to be a bug in these itching and biting sores. It was not just what looked like a hair but it was some type of biting bug. So I began to do research on skin parasites. I thought that I had some type of skin parasite and it was making me ill. There was not that much online at this point in time but I did land on the site of Omar M. Amin, Parasitology Center, Inc.. I made an appointment and flew out to his home office clinic in Tempe, Arizona believing that he would be the answer to my horrid disease. At the time he did not have a name for the disease we are now referring to as Morgellons, but I note that he now does make reference to it on his site. He refers to it as Neurocutaneous Syndrome (NCS) a toxicity disorder from dental sealants (toulene being one of them). This is a link to an article, photos and reasons why I thought I was making a wise decision: Since problems with my teeth did seem to be one of the initial onsets of my symptoms it all made perfect sense to me so I spent thousands of dollars hoping to get some relief. He recommended I have a sensitivity test from Clifford Consulting and Research in Colorado Springs, Colorado and that I get all the amalgam fillings removed from my mouth and then depending on what the Clifford report said remove any other products in my mouth that I tested sensitive to. I had many amalgam fillings in my teeth since my teenage years. I had them all removed and then had my teeth filled with material that the Clifford sensitivity report said that I would not be allergic to. Many months later and many thousands of dollars later I still had sores all over my body and I was getting sicker. I have to say my mouth did feel better so it was not all for a lost cause. Unfortunately, it did not heal me from any of my other symptoms associated with this disease. Dr. Omar Amin, Ph.D. does not have the 24 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One

A new movie has been produced that I encourage everyone to view. Under Our Skin Check out the website
This documentary is about Lyme Disease but Morgellons is very similar in that those of us who have it suffer exactly the same mistreatment and many who have Morgellons are co-infected with Lyme Disease. Some feel that Morgellons is a form of Lyme Disease. No one really knows as yet. And no one appears to be looking too hard either since the protectors of our health appear to be more concerned with corporate profits and pleasing the special interest groups.

Morgellons Victims Suffering In Silence

Real Life Quotes I have Listened to Include: I might lose my job if anyone finds out I have this. If I lose my job I wont have any insurance and Ill lose my house too. I have had this for 14 years and I will not tell my family I have it. My spouse will divorce me if he finds out about this. Id rather be dead than to live like this. They took my kids away from me and put me in a mental hospital. Even my own family does not believe me. I cannot find a doctor who understands what this is all about.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness answer to Morgellons. There may, in fact, be a condition of NCS which he has successfully treated but it is not the same as Morgellons. I learned one important thing to what does cause sores on the body: accumulation of METALS and various TOXINS may be a contributing factor. I paid about $20,000 to journey through that initial hopeful cure which only brought me to a dead end. But, the Mercury is gone from my mouth and so are the teeth sensitivities so in the long run it was good to do.

Another Struggle Through The Messto No Avail

I thought I had some type of parasite in my skin. It was eating me alive. Itching was so severe I could barely keep my sanity (the doctors all reported that I had already lost itbut they are wrong). I went to physicians and they put me on Lindane for an entire summer both the shampoo and a skin lotion. It did nothing. That doctor said I had neurological dermatitis. He suggested I go to a dermatologist. Which I did. He gave me a tube of Bacterin and said I needed to see a psychiatrist because of a mental condition referred to as delusional parasitosis. I told him this was not a delusional condition, but that I had some type of disease and organism in my skin and I needed help trying to figure out what it was. He said he could not help me and I left his office in tears. This happened several times at other doctors offices over a period of years. To this day, in 2010, not one conventional doctor has taken the time to really study and look into what might be going on with my health. They are useless! This also happens to many people who have Chronic Lyme Disease, Chronic Fatigue and Fibromyalgia. The physicians dismiss their patients symptoms and tell them its all in their heads. In the 2000-2004 period of time I began noticing that my memory was no longer what it had been, that I could not focus on reading a book and that I found daily responsibilities overwhelming. I considered the lack of sleep, which can interfere with mental clarity, but this issue was far more than just lack of sleep. My mind was foggy, concentration was difficult but I was not crazy. I certainly was not digging at my skin causing these sores to develop, which is what the physicians accused me (and most others) ofI know that for certain. I had to know for myself just what was going on in my skin. Just to prove to myself that I really was not crazy and that there was something in my skin I purchased my own microscope that attached to the computer so that I could begin to view and study these organisms myself. To my surprise when I looked at the sores under magnification and at the skin around them I could see various colored fibers inside the 26 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One sores. My entire body was covered with these sores and then I also discovered that there were various debris in some of the sores and in some of the folds in my skin. In pursuing the concept that I had some type of parasite living in my skin I found the National Pediculosis Association (NPA) website (headlice. org). There I was amazed to learn that the NPA was being contacted by individuals describing the torment and horror of oozing skin lesions, sensations of bugs biting and crawling under their skin and doctors who diagnose it as nothing more than a delusion. Individuals reported biting and crawling sensationssymptoms for which they could find no explanation and assumed were related to lice and scabies. But such symptoms were inconsistent with lice or scabies, signaling a very different problem. Deborah Altschuler, NPAs president was unable to find any studies where such a population had their skin assessed in a single site clinical setting, the NPA in 2000 conducted its own clinical research in conjunction with the Oklahoma State Department of Health. The research identified Collembola (also known as springtail) in 18 of the 20 participants. According to Stephen Hopkin, author of The Biology of Springtails, Collembola are among the most widespread and abundant terrestrial arthropods. Collembola can be large enough to be seen on the backside of a leaf, but also minute enough to require the use of a microscope. The majority of them feed on fungal hyphae or decaying plant material, but they can also feast off of each other. Known mainly as soil-dwellers, they can swarm and aggregate in the millions. Referred to as decomposers, their primary function is to break down organic matter. The report on the NPA research was published in the Journal of the New York Entomolgical Society in the spring of 2004. The report spoke to the challenges of the trailblazing research and demonstrated how easy it had been for these minute arthropods to remain overlooked by the medical community for over a century and also by the entomologists who had not utilized the NPAs approach. Entomologists have thought it impossible for Collembola to colonize humans, although theyve acknowledged them as first of the decomposer to appear on human corpses. The research provides evidence of tremendous numbers of these organisms concealed, if not disguised, in their own aggregations. Yet the CDC maintains the position that Collembola cannot be human parasites 27

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness and therefore they are of no medical importance. While the presence of Collembola in human skin continues to be met with skepticism by some collembologists; the relationship of Collembola to humans is an area of research the NPA maintains has not been adequately explored. I do not know what I had growing in my skin but I do know that I had some type of organism, it appeared to be different at perhaps various stages of its development. It formed hard little white balls within the pores, out of these came dark reddish brown specs or fibers of various colors. The lesions had fibers inside, around the edges and there was an amber gel that came out of skin, from which these fibers often formed. There were different types of organisms that came out of my skin. As I talked to others with this condition I learned that people have various types of organisms coming from their skin but not all the same. I have never seen a worm come out of my skin, but others have. I have never seen anything fly away after coming out of my skin, but other people have seen that happen to them. I have many fluke type formations in my skin form from the pores. Nearly all the organisms have fibers running through them. I would shed flakes and fibers. I knew without a doubt that I had something growing in my body and coming out of my skin. But it takes time to make your way through all thisalone. Physicians are doing a great disservice to their patients by ignoring this condition and those prescribing psychotic drugs to treat it are causing harm. There were little specs that were not only coming out of my skin but also they were all over the house. I found them on the table tops, on the windowsills and floors. They were in my clothes too. Then, after I began to study the specs I realized that they have fibers in them, just like my sores have the fibers in them. Then, I began to realize that the fibers were everywhere in my surroundings. I have pets so I would not be one to analyze every hair like fuzzy ball seen in my house. But, once I discovered the specs had fibers I began to really look at what I thought was pet hair and it was not pet hair. The fibers form on carpets, furniture, bedding and in clothing. The fibers grow on their own in the environment! What I next realized is that the fibers were forming from my skins sur28 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One

Fibers formed in a fuzz ball with hair

The upper left is an organism with a hair running through it and the fiber coming out rear. The top right is a fiber spiral. The lower left is a hair shaft with organisms growing from it. The lower right is fibers, and an organism on a flake of skin.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

This organism came out of a sore in my scalp found the first day I had a scope!

Sores in my scalp. The scalp is often a big trouble area for many people.


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One

At one time there was no area on the back of my hand that had any normal skin - this image depicted just the beginning of that phase

The sores and brown discoloration are all from the gel material that forms


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness face, from my perspiration, from out of the corners of my eyes, from out of my mouth, from off the edges of cups that I drank from... off of anything I touched. My cells appeared to be producing these fibers and they selfassembled instantly. The fibers are sometimes the color of spider webs and about that thickness too. The fibers are various colors: clear, black, blue, red or green. Then I saw that some of them move, on their own, like they have their own energy source. They do not just lay like a pet hair or piece of dust will on a table top or lampshade, these fibers will stand up on the edge and undulate, wave around in almost a dance like motion. People who do not have this condition will probably never understand or believe this but it is all too real. The fibers have an energy and I believe an ability to preserve themselves. They attach themselves to cloth, they attach themselves to hair or carpeting and furniture and they form sort of a colony. Sometimes it is a matt and sometimes it is a fuzzy ball. Go to website to see more images in color if you are viewing this in a non-color book. Whatever this is, it grows up inside the hair shafts. It is in the roots of the hair and in my eyelashes and eyebrows. It gets into all bodily tissues the tendons, bone, hair, skin and nails. It becomes part of every body organ. My body exudes a biofilm when I perspire and it forms fibersinstantly. The pores on my face glow an orange color under a UV black light. I have watched streams of glowing fluid under UV light in the dark in my bodily tissues. Franken-science and I believe it is from Franken-Foods, and perhaps nanotechnolgy gone astray! It is hard for me to believe thisyet I see it with my own eyes everyday. It is not surprising that most physicians do not believe it. How can anyone comprehend that something like this really does exist and is happening in thousands of people everyday. It is spreading. Because of the denial of its existence it is in our schools, hospitals, motels, planes, trains and ships....and no one is looking out for YOU.

Finding Others Lost in the Maze

Thankfully, the internet began to have more information from other people who were getting this skin condition (which I later learn is not just a skin condition). I was not alone! That is a good feeling when I thought I was totally lost and alone in the maze. I learned that others are also experiencing this very bizarre condition. Now I will be able to get healed Right! Wrong. No healing yet but lots more information from personal story sharing and it gave me hope that someone would know more about what was ruining my life. 32 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One

This is a story from another person lost in the maze

I am 53 years old. I am a flight attendant and live in Manhattan. I have had Morgellons for over 4 years. I am completely alone. All of my family and good friends are on the west coast and I stay away for fear of infecting them. I feel guilty that I am possibly spreading this when I work flights and at the laundromat I use. But I tell myself that this is the CDCs fault and the many doctors Ive seen can accept blame too, for ignoring this disease. I had a wonderful, happy life which is now in ruins. I have gone into massive debt trying to fight this. With so many useless visits to doctors offices and an infinite number of drugs, lotions, potions, herbs, vet medicines all for nothing. I have lived in my apartment for 16 years and I loved it so much. It was decorated beautifully. Now all I have is a shell left as I threw out all the drapes, sofas, chairs, and carpeting so now it is an ugly contaminated shell. In the beginning I tried to replace the contaminated things I had thrown out only to see everything get recontaminated. I go to many of the Morgellons websites but mainly to Lymebusters. It has been my lifeline just to know I am not suffering alone. I have been fighting this for so long bodily and environmentally with all of my might and I seem to have hit a wall. I am so tired and confused. Reading was once my favorite pastime, now I have not read a book in 4 years except for scanning microbiology and health care books. I push myself daily to do the simplest things like brush my teeth, take a shower or go to the laundromat, everything is such a chore. I cannot think straight or concentrate. I used to be so organized and a neat/clean all is chaos and disarray. I feel so filled with fear and hopelessness. I am now so traumatized from it all. I had massive lesions for the first 2 years. Now I have fewer lesions but my fingers are all gnarled with lumps at joints as if with arthritis. My hair is the scariest, it is turning black with strange looking roots. I am losing my eyebrows and eyelashes and the hair on my head is completely changed. I really feel fear and traumatized and I dont know if I can go on another day.

[Sadly, one of the common problems individuals with this disease also suffer with is total fear of job loss, or infecting loved ones. It has caused divorces, and suicides as victims have a complete sense of destitution and hopelessness. No one listens and no one understands.]

Here is another story from yet another person lost in the maze
I came by your website, thanks to the Dr. Phil show airing here in Australia. I had never heard of Morgellons before, but I felt compelled to watch Dr. Phil and I am so glad I did.


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I was diagnosed a few years ago with Fibromyalgia and shortly thereafter with Myalgic Encephaloyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. I also have Raynauds Syndrome and some associated illnesses. I was bedridden for 2 years without being able to lift my arms, shower, or dress. The cognitive and memory difficulties made it impossible for me to return to my job as a lawyer. My problems were so extreme, that one day I woke up and could not read. I could have told you that they were words on a page, but that was all. In addition to the long list of symptoms you display at your site, I was having spells that were like seizures and was diagnosed with border line epilepsy with chronic migraines. I also have headaches that run over the top of the head and down to the base of the spine, that are worse than any migraine and have me in the ER for pain relief. An osteopath said that he believed it was the membrane in the skull that was expanding from pressure, possibly due to infection or inflammation. This year, my health has gotten worse. My light sensitivity became extreme and I had to wear sunglasses inside. I had difficulty seeing and required glasses but still have blurry vision and now I have pain in my eyes with other symptoms. I was misdiagnosed with uvitis and then acute angle closure glaucoma. I then had reason to see a cardiologist, who diagnosed me as having a mitral valve prolapse problem. Shortly thereafter I was rushed to the ER with suspected cardiac arrest, (trouble breathing, heaviness on chest, pain shooting down the left arm, severe vertigo, nausea and perspiration all of which woke me out of sleep). ER tests and subsequent cardiac tests suggests my heart was fine. Unbearable shooting pain down my arms requiring sedation and numbness in parts of my body is not uncommon but I had not had other symptoms suggestive of heart problems previously. By this time, I was suspecting that I had Lymes disease. They dont believe in it here in Australia. They dont think we have it here. I have not been tested for it even though I spent several weeks in North America at the height of tick season camping, where I would wake up with elk around my tent. I also had a mystery illness many years ago, similar to what I am now having to live with, after I was bitten by fleas and got very sick. Shortly after my heart related ER visit I came down with a severe case of GERD. It is shocking and I am still battling to get some relief there. They do not wish to do the customary GI invasive tests, as they are concerned how I would fair under an anesthetic. The acid reflux is being slow to respond to medication and it must have leaked into my airways, as I now also have a raking cough and some wheezing. I only learned today after seeing you on Dr. Phil that GERD can also be a result of this disease. I have had IBS


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One
with the illness, and to have all the new problems of swallowing, very sore throat, cough and pain in chest has really got me down. Not to mention, I am also picking up every other bug around, such as conjunctivitis, which I currently have in both eyes. I am just beside myself.

My Stumbling Through the Maze Goes On

I sought continued help from family practice physicians who did punch biopsies, and every blood test known. Everything always came back as normal. They said I was digging at the sores and causing them due to a bona fide medical condition called delusional parasitosis. I spent thousands of dollars going from doctor to doctor and that is the best they could docall me delusional! Every single doctor said I needed to see a psychiatrist and that this was all a mental condition. Well, I did not happen to agree with them but I did, just to appease them, go to a psychiatrist and she wanted to put me on mind altering drugs. I refused. Later when I demanded to get my medical records from her she had written she looks very unkept and is delusional. If she had listened to my story I think she might have understood the reason behind why I might have looked a bit unkept. I probably had 50 sores on my face and hundreds more on my scalp. I looked like I had been shot with a 12 gage shotgun and she thought I appeared to be unkept! She also noted I did not have a job, or even a high school diploma. Actually, I have a PhD and have been selfemployed all of my life but what that told me was how poorly she listens to her clients. She is just another doc in the box who pops out of the hallway to earn a paycheck without a brain cell functional. By now I am getting pretty fed up with the conventional medical system. I had spent thousands of wasted dollars on people who never really even looked closely at whatever these sores were. I gave up on going to conventional medical doctors. I truly was caught in a maze of endless misery. I continued my search for answers, they certainly were not coming from any conventional medical professionals so I had no choice but to use my own knowledge and keep on making my way through the maze. I continued to research and read everything I could to find my way out. There had to be a way out, not all the paths could lead to dead ends.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

The Path Leading to Biotoxins

The next path in the maze lead me to the findings of Dr. Ritchie Shoemaker. One of the initial eye opening revelations came to me when I somehow was divinely guided to Dr. Ritchie Shoemakers book Mold Warriors. I had been suffering terribly so discovering this book brought hope and greater understanding of my illness. Mold Warriors introduced me to a knowledge I was lacking about biotoxins and biotoxin pathways. Biotoxins can form within our bodies from mold, fungus and other biotoxin producing organisms such as Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent which causes Lyme disease. Biotoxins can come from food, water, air, fungus or bug bites and they can cause a complete disruption of our normal biological processes. They can be very difficult for typical unaware physicians to identify because most pathologists do not know how to perform the lab tests needed to identify the underlying organisms causing illnesses. Just like me, people just keep seeking help from physicians and getting nowhere. According to Dr. Shoemaker biotoxins are the cause of many different illnesses and unveiling their role in medicine is as revolutionary as the discovery of bacteria and viruses. Their massive effectand their victims cannot be ignored any longer.Even though the sources of biotoxins are numerous these toxins cannot be measured by routine blood tests. [All of my blood tests always come back as normal which then leads every physician to dismiss my illness and label me as psychotic.] But ignoring biotoxin illnesses due to lack of basic lab tests is both foolish and dangerous. Mold Warriors further explained that individuals with exposure to mold, Pfiesteria, Cylindrospermopsis (blue green algae) and the biotoxin made by Borrelia burgdorferi all shared very similar symptoms. [Symptoms that I too shared as they were no different than others with biotoxin illnessesexcept that I had fibers growing from out of my body and I created my own body bugs. I did not need to get a tick bite. I had bites from my own self generated bugs!] Biotoxin knowledge is new. It unveils 21st century illnessesfibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic Lyme disease, auto immune disorders, treatment resistant anxiety and depressions, leaky gut, medically uncertain symptoms and so many other health challenges as biotoxin illnesses. The inflammatory cascades that underlie many other modern illnesses including arteriosclerosis, diabetes, obesity and multiple sclerosis are off roads of the main Biotoxin Pathway. I tried to get an appointment to see Dr. Shoemaker but his office sent my 36 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One money back and suggested I go see a Lyme doctor. I was disappointed that he did this because I knew that what I was suffering from involved fungus, and biotoxins even if I did have a parasite involved I nonetheless had all the biotoxin symptoms. Even though I completely believe in the work he is doing I was unable to benefit from it or locate a doctor near where I live who understands the biotoxin treatment process. The elimination of biotoxins is a very significant factor in getting better. Dr. Shoemaker is planning to educate other physicians about the process of getting the system clear of biotoxins. I highly recommend his book if you have any of the unexplained symptoms and your physicians are at a total loss in helping you feel better. Also see http:// View the chart on this website which explains the biotoxin pathway. Even though this turned into yet another dead end I learned a great deal. I now could make the connection that many types of organisms, fungus and bacteria create biotoxins within the body and these cause all kinds of illnesses. I learned that various bugs can also cause biotoxins to form. I had all the symptoms of biotoxin type illnessesand a couple others. I now knew why I could not lose weight, why I had brain fog, why I could not sleep well and so much more. I also learned that I was not alone in my struggle to get physicians to seriously consider what the illnesses of the 21st century are all about. This was an important path in the maze even if it still did not help me reach the way out, it did help me see the direction to pursue. There is more to Morgellons than mere biotoxins but you have to learn how to fight the biotoxins at the same time as you fight the other aspects of this disease and the other dis-eases of the 21st centuryand it will vary from individual to individual. This is a big step in the recovery process learning how to rid the body of biotoxins. This will be covered in the chapter on treatment protocols. However if you are working with a physician and they are unaware of insect or mold biotoxins and how to remove them from your system you need to find a new physician who knows how to properly care for you. (Good Luck!)

Visit to Mayo Clinic Also Leads to Another Dead End

My family was getting really concerned that I was not getting well and pushed and prodded me to go to Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. They felt certain that one of the best medical clinics in the country would 37

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness surely have the answers to heal my bizarre illness. I told them it would be another waste of time and money but they insisted so I scheduled an appointment to see a dermatologist which took 4 monthsthis was in the spring of 2005. I took in the photos of many of the various organisms that were coming out of my skin. The people online say never do that as you will immediately get labeled as crazy but I dont care, there were organisms that were coming out of my skin and how could I get help if I lied to or concealed information from my physicians. I told them everything that was going on. They did punch biopsiesagain, blood work, urine tests, nasal swabs everything I was there for over a week! I was so exhausted from dragging myself around that huge city of clinics that I could not take another day. They wanted me to stay longer, they probably would have kept me running around their clinics for a second week. There was a whole team of young interns who came into my room with one of the instructor dermatology doctors and I told them all I had some type of fungus which was either creating organisms to form in my skin or they were drawing the organisms to me. You could see the looks of sympathy on their faces and one of them said if I had an internal fungal infection I would be really sick! I guess I was not sick enoughor they were not smart enoughyou decide. The end result was a diagnosis of folliculitis, a minor staph infection in some of the open sores, and an unidentified organism in my nasal passages. And of course You need to be working with a psychiatrist to help you get through the delusional aspect of this illness. I was put on Cipro for seven months and given a cortisone cream (which I have now learned is the worst thing they could have prescribed). $15,000 and seven months later I stopped with their recommendations and was actually worse than before I began. [As a follow up to this appointment in early 2009 I again contacted the physician I had seen after I had forwarded the information that Dr. Randy Wymore of Oklahoma State University has made available about Morgellons, I also forwarded the CDC letter that went out to the various health departments and the link to the Morgellons Research Foundation and I asked if she now had learned anything new about the condition now being referred to as Morgellons since she had misdiagnosed me back in 2005? She replied that she would be willing to see me again but only if I would agree to be under the care of one of their psychiatrists. It was obvious to me she knew nothing more than before.] 38 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter One Thank God for the internet. Without being able to keep on my search I think I would have been one of those who committed suicideas many haveand I fully can understand why they would. There is just no one to who listens to how serious this condition really is, the physicians are completely inept when it comes to dealing with this disease. Sadly, they do not even really know how to look for what it is and if I try to show them they get defensive. Not one of them ever took out a dermascope to examine my skin. Not one of them took out a black light and looked at the pores that glow orange under a UV light. Not one of them was capable of thinking outside the box on what might be going on with me. They are a bunch of incompetents in white jackets popping in and out of the boxesjust another doc in a box bunch of expensive drug pushing, big pharma trained idiots. [Do you think I am getting a bit frustrated with this group called physicians?]

The Next Path in the Maze Lead Me to Energy Medicine

Because Dr. Shoemaker suggested I see a Lyme literate doctor and because there had been a great number of Morgellons people who had also been diagnosed with Lyme disease I began to think I needed to know about this connection to this disease. This research lead me to learn about Rife machines and energy healing concepts. In early 2006 I was very ill and I was giving up hope but I purchased a frequency machine called an FScan2. I purchased a book by Nina Silver, Ph.D. The Handbook of Rife Frequency Healing. This journey has also been a very long but very productive one and I am certain it saved my life. As I began to run the energy machine according to some of the frequencies listed in Dr. Silvers book I noticed that I had a grey goo come out of the palm of the hand that was holding the positive electrode. I peeled it off my hand like latex paint. This happened over and over again. At first this all made me feel worse due to a Herxheimer reaction but a couple weeks into this and I began to notice I was getting better. I ran the frequencies for Lyme, for various fungal infections, and for various other conditions. It was all new to me and I just kept trying various frequencies and it was improving my overall general feelingmore energyclearer thoughts etc wow I thought this is amazing. I am using the theories of Royal Rife who was destroyed by the conventional medical doctors for this invention, and now here I am returning to his knowledge and work decades laterand finally getting some improvement and relief. I was excited. Had I finally found the way out of the maze? Well, not quite yet but it was a step in the right direction and I 39

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness kept making my way through with all the twists and turns and dead ends but I once again had hope. And I learned more and more about energy healing with lights, with essential oils and with the Rife type machines. If the doctors thought I was crazy before I can just imagine what they must be thinking now! Energy treatment of this disease is very effective but it takes a long time and lots of patience to figure out what frequencies are needed. Unfortunately, they appear to be different for each individual as each individual is affected by different organisms, biotoxins etc... This book cannot cover all that needs to be learned about how to use energy medicine but light therapy and energy healing with frequencies, color, sound and devices all are very effective but require lots of knowledge. There is a better way which I will discuss in the protocols section.

A Simultaneous Branch Followed Along the Energy Medicine Path

Along about this point in time I ran across some internet articles written by Dr. John Martin, MD, Ph.D. and they stopped me in my tracks. There was actually a highly educated person who actually knew about the fibers! What! A person with a great education who actually knows these crazy fiber things are for real! Could this be? Well, as it turns out, Dr. Martin was the physician who tried to tell our government that there was a virus in the green monkeys kidney cells and they went ahead and created vaccines from them anyway! He told our government they were going to infect millions of people. They did not listen to him. He said a virus was causing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome which he could prove but again they would not listen. The book Oslers Web depicts the whole story of all the people who tried to get the government to help figure out what was causing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) but, just like with Morgellons, they fail to look or listen. Dr. Martin was one of the researchers who was mentioned throughout this great book on the CFS topic and then, just like now, the physicians are clueless about recognizing the biotoxin illnesses created by viruses, fungus and other pathogens. CFS all began in the mid 80s after a release of infected mosquitoes and still our educated medical community has no idea how to help heal people with this condition. 40 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Two

Chapter Two
What the medical professionals are saying the few who do know it is all to real

John Martin MD, PhD writes:

Morgellons disease is a somewhat inappropriate name given to a clinical condition characterized by ulcerating skin lesions accompanied by the production of particles and fibers. The fibers are irritating and can provoke scratching, which is the probable ultimate cause of the ulcerating skin lesions. The particles and fibers have characteristics of alternative cellular energy (ACE) pigments. They are commonly fluorescent and the intensity of fluorescence can be enhanced using various dyes. ACE pigments were initially identified in patients infected with viruses that escape recognition by the cellular immune system. Termed stealth adapted viruses, they simply lack the few critical components viral normally targeted by cytotoxic lymphocytes. ACE pigments are also produced in response to conventional viruses, such as herpes simplex virus (HSV) and herpes zoster virus (HZV), the cause of shingles. Activation of the ACE pathway is proving a very effective method of controlling HSV and HZV infections. It is time to include some Morgellons patients in these ongoing studies. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and patient supported organizations such as the Morgellons Foundation have been very slow in understanding or accepting the connection between stealth adapted viruses and Morgellons disease. Hopefully, they will be more responsive once marked clinical improvements can be demonstrated in a few well documented cases. The issue of stealth adapted viruses will eventually prove to be a major embarrassment to the CDC. Similar to the belated response to the epidemic of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

(MRSA) infections, CDC personnel have essentially ignored the many requests for open discussions on the issue of viruses causing the increasing prevalence of such illnesses as autism in children and the chronic fatigue syndrome in adults. Part of this reluctance is the unequivocal data indicating that some stealth adapted viruses clearly arose from simian cytomegalovirus (SCMV) and that the DNA of this virus is readily detectable in several lots of previously licensed polio virus vaccines. The story goes deeper since it can be reasonably argued that the testing of monkey cytomegalovirus contaminated polio vaccines in chimpanzees in Africa during the 1950s led to the formation of the AIDS virus. Organizations representing Morgellons patients may wish to assist in recruiting a few representative patients for participation in a research study aimed at activating the ACE pathway. The organizations should certainly convey to their members some of the available information concerning the postulated role of stealth adapted viruses in Morgellons disease and related conditions. For additional information, patients can contact the Institute via e-mail at

Copyright 2001 by W. John Martin, M.D., Ph.D., USA Viruses are submicroscopic infectious agents that replicate inside cells. Viral illnesses are normally controlled by the bodys immune system acting primarily through white blood cells called lymphocytes. These cells recognize certain viral proteins that provide the antigens targeted by specific lymphocytes, leading to an antiviral inflammatory response. Not all viral proteins, however, can function as antigens for effective anti-viral immunity. Indeed, for many viruses, only a very few proteins are involved in lymphocyte recognition of virally infected cells. Loss of these critical antigenic proteins can allow a virus to essentially go unrecognized by the cellular immune system. When such viruses have managed to retain the capacity to damage cells, they can potentially cause a persistent infection resulting in a prolonged illness. The viral nature of such an illness is usually overlooked because of the absence of overt inflammation. Atypically-structured cell-damaging (cytopathic) viruses were initially identified by W. John Martin, M.D., Ph.D., who introduced the term stealth viruses to highlight their basic property of evading effective immune recognition.

Stealth Viruses


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD.

Chapter Two
Detection of Stealth Viruses Stealth-adapted viruses can be most readily detected using specialized, semi-quantitative, viral culture methods developed and refined by Dr. Martin. Using these procedures, stealth viruses will typically induce a characteristic vacuolating cytopathic effect (CPE) in cultures of human and animal-derived cells. Stealth virus infected cultures can be distinguished from cultures of conventional herpes viruses, adeno-viruses, entero-viruses and retro-viruses, by the appearance and host range of the CPE, and also by using selective immunological and molecular probe based assays, including PCR testing methods. Cytopathic Effects A common feature of the CPE-induced by stealth-adapted viruses is marked metabolic disruption. This is expressed as lipid accumulation, cytoplasmic vacuolization, formation of aberrant protein and lipoprotein inclusions, and abnormally shaped nuclei. Comparable foamy vacuolating cellular changes with atypical inclusion-like structures can be seen in detailed examination of brain and other tissues obtained from stealth virus infected patients and from animals inoculated with these viruses. Unlike infections caused by conventional cytopathic viruses, the actual production of readily identifiable viral particles is uncommon. Seemingly, the infected cells are metabolically impaired because various energy and other resources are diverted towards an inefficient and unbalanced synthesis of various virus coded components at the expense of normal cellular functions. Severe defects in energy-generating metabolic pathways are also apparent from the marked mitochondrial changes that are prominent in electron micrographs of virusinfected cells. DNA Sequencing Studies A stealth virus isolated from a patient with a chronic fatigue syndrome-like illness was originally noted to have limited DNA sequence homology to human cytomegalovirus (CMV). As additional sequence data became available, it became obvious that this virus was a derivative, not of human CMV, but rather of an African green monkey simian CMV (SCMV). Until the beginning of last year, these monkeys were routinely used to produce live polio virus vaccine. Moreover, although not widely revealed, a joint Food and Drug Administration/Industry study in 1972 indicated that control kidney cell cultures from all 12 African green monkeys


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tested grew out SCMV, and that most of these isolates were not detectable using standard procedures. Continued sequencing on the SCMV-derived stealth-adapted virus has shown interesting changes compared to a typical CMV. Of special note is the uneven representation of genes that encode various viral components. As expected, the genes that code the proteins known to provide major target antigens for anti-CMV cytotoxic T-lymphocytes are either absent or mutated. Other genes are overly represented, including genes that code for various chemokines and for chemokine receptors. Interestingly, one of the markedly amplified chemokine receptor coding genes found in the stealth virus genome can also function as a receptor for HIV, suggesting a possible potentiating role of stealth viruses in HIV infected patients. One set of amplified chemokine-coding genes detected in the stealth-adapted virus is of cellular, rather than viral, origin. Cellular genes can apparently be incorporated into stealth virus genomes, presumably during viral replication. The particular chemokinecoding cellular gene identified within the prototype SCMV-derived stealth virus was probably assimilated as a partially processed RNA molecule since it lacks the normal introns present in cellular DNA. This implies that stealth virus DNA replication is proceeding through RNA intermediates, and that it may, therefore, be dependent upon reverse transcriptase, as could be provided by an assimilated endogenous retroviruses. RNA to DNA replication is much more prone to error than is DNA to DNA replication. This might explain sequence variability between the three copies of the chemokine-coding cell-derived gene that have so far been identified within the stealth virus. Chemokine receptor genes of both viral and cellular origins have been implicated in the development of several types of malignancies. It is somewhat worrisome, therefore, that the stealth-adapted virus is apparently employing this type of gene for its survival. On the other hand, many therapeutic agents that appear to be of some benefit to stealth virus infected patients are known to inhibit chemokine production and receptor activity.

It has also been determined that stealth viruses have the ability to acquire genetic sequences of bacterial and even fungal origin. Normally, viruses that are infectious for human or animal cells (eukaryotic cells) will not infect bacteria (prokaryotic cells). Stealth


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viruses appear to have overcome this phylogenetic barrier. The term viteria has been coined to define eukaryotic viruses that have acquired bacteria-derived genetic sequences. The sources of the bacterial sequences include microorganisms that are not known to grow intracellularly within eukaryotic cells. This strongly suggests that stealth viruses become viteria by infecting bacteria. Judging from the bacterial sequences so far identified, genes have been captured from a wide variety of both gram positive and gram negative bacteria. The linear arrangements of many of the bacterial-derived sequences are quite different from any of the known major bacteria, suggesting that an active ongoing selection process may be occurring to assist in stealth virus propagation within bacteria. Genetically empowered bacteria, carrying potentially oncogenic stealth-adapted viruses, could become a far more threatening biological weapons program then ever envisioned by military planners. Bacterial sequences incorporated within stealth-adapted viruses may help explain positive findings in stealth virus infected patients in various tests for known bacteria, including Borrelia burgdoferi (the cause of authentic Lyme disease), mycoplasma (a suggested cause of CFS and Gulf War syndrome); Chlamydia (implicated in coronary artery disease and Alzheimers disease), etc. None of the commonly used assays for these bacteria actually detect cultured organisms, but instead rely upon broadly reactive molecular and/or serological testing that could as easily be explained by the presence of viteria. Clinical Conditions Associated with Stealth Virus Infections Stealth-adapted viruses have been recovered from the blood, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, throat swabs, breast milk, brain biopsies and tumor samples from patients with various neurological, psychiatric, auto-immune, allergic and neoplastic diseases. Examples of neurological illnesses are autism, attention deficit and behavioral disorders in children; depression, schizophrenia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia in adults; and neurodegenerative illnesses in the elderly. It is now known that stealth viruses can infect many organs, but that the brain is especially prone to manifest the effects of even limited localized cellular damage. The varying manifestations of a stealth virus encephalopathy are probably heavily influenced by the timing of infection, regions of the brain that are mostly involved, genetic


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predisposition to particular symptoms and the additive pathology of any superimposed auto-immune component triggered by the viral induced cellular damage. My focus is away from strict clinical categorization of stealth virus infected patients into discrete neurological and neuropsychiatric illnesses. This viewpoint has been supported by following individual patients over several years, and also by the not uncommon occurrences of related, yet diverse, illnesses occurring among other family members and even among household pets. Community-wide outbreaks of stealth virus infections have also been observed with individuals showing varying levels of severity and duration of illness. Neither the reporting of otherwise unexplainable deaths, nor the apparent dumbing of a whole township, as reflected in the excessive need for special education for its children, appears to provide adequate Public Health motivation to confirm my findings of stealth-adapted viruses. Cancer can now be added to the list of potential stealth virusassociated diseases. Positive stealth virus cultures have been seen in virtually all of the multiple myeloma patients tested, and in several patients presenting with other types of tumors. A previous history of a fatiguing illness and clinical indications of impairments in normal brain functions are suggestive of an underlying stealth-adapted virus infection in a cancer patient. It will be interesting to determine the effect of stealth-virus suppressive therapy in such patients. An indication of the probable prevalence of infection among apparently healthy individuals has come from studies conducted on student blood donors attending a college campus. Slightly less than 10% of the units tested gave a positive result. As a requirement of the study, it was not possible to determine the actual health status of these students, and no efforts were made to follow the recipients who received these units. Even if culture-positive individuals are asymptomatic, the potential of stealth-adapted viruses to capture, amplify and mutate various additional genes of viral, cellular and bacterial origins, should raise some Public Health concerns.

Role of Other Infectious Agents in Chronic Illnesses Much of the debate over a potential infectious cause for many of the illnesses that are increasingly being seen within our society has centered upon conventional microorganisms. Patient support groups and their affiliating clinicians have championed alternative explanations for these illnesses. Human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6),


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human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8), enteroviruses and parvo-viruses feature among the viral causes for these illnesses, while Borrelia burgdoferi, Mycoplasma incognitus and Ehlichiosis are being promoted as the bacterial causes for a wide spectrum of illnesses. As is the case for HHV-6 in CFS, HHV-8 in multiple myeloma, enterovirus in ALS and Borrelia in chronic Lyme disease, when looked at critically, the actual findings are generally inconsistent with a true etiological relationship. None of these negative studies exclude the role atypically structured microorganisms; indeed, if anything they strongly support their presence. As alluded to above, stealthadapted viruses can easily be mistaken in diagnostic tests for conventional viral and bacterial pathogens. Additional complex associations between stealth-adapted viruses and conventional microorganisms may exist. For example, the lipid-laden cells infected with a stealth virus appear especially favorable to the growth of intracellular bacteria, including Borrelia, the causative agent of Lyme disease. Martin et al has demonstrated positive stealth virus cultures in blood samples from over 90% of patients referred with a diagnosis of chronic Lyme disease. Whether the patients are actually infected with Borrelia remains unproven, but if so, their growth may be dependent upon an accompanying stealth virus infection. Synergistic growth patterns between stealth-adapted viruses and the viruses present in several live viral vaccine preparations, have also been observed. The potential role of stealth virus encoded chemokine receptors in the evolution and the present day expression of HIV, is also under consideration.

Clinical Approach to the Diagnosis and Therapy of Stealth Adapted Virus Infections (SAVI) Diagnosis: A major challenge in providing medical care for stealth virus infected patients is the multiple and diverse clinical manifestations of the patients illnesses. Individual patients do not fit comfortably into a single medical discipline, whether it is psychiatry, neurology, rheumatology, endocrinology, hematology, or any other. Imprecise diagnostic labels, such as CFS, fibromyalgia, depression, attention deficit, etc., and even the better defined diagnostic labels, such as schizophrenia, autism, ALS, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimers disease, etc., tend to obscure the complex multi-system


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nature of the patients illnesses. Another difficulty is quantitating the severity of disease processes that can vary widely over time, and can be influenced by such non-specific factors as stress, environmental exposures to chemicals, placebo effects, etc. Disordered brain function can be anticipated in many stealth virus infected patients. This can be documented using a detailed neurological examination, with a focus on what are sometimes referred to as soft neurological signs. Ancillary, although expensive, tests such as SPECT scans, quantitative EEG and formal neurocognitive evaluations, can help substantiate a diagnosis of stealth-adapted virus infection with encephalopathy. Additional syndrome names can be applied depending on clinical and laboratory findings. Tabulation of symptoms using a detailed questionnaire can be helpful in identifying clinical problems and in assessing therapy related improvements. Therapy: Until the existence of stealth viruses is accepted by Public Health authorities, there will be no approved standard of care in providing anti-viral treatments. Several suggestions can be made, however, from what is currently known about the prototype SCMVderived stealth virus. Whether these suggestions are relevant to atypical viruses cultured from other patients remains to be tested. Basically, it seems appropriate to undertake efforts to suppress stealth virus activation and at the same time to support cellular metabolism, especially mitochondria function. The remarkable expansion of chemokine and chemokine-receptor related genes within the prototype SCMV-derived stealth-adapted virus supports the potential use of agents that can down regulate chemokine pathways. Fortunately, many of the widely used herbal and generally nontoxic allopathic medicines are known to interfere with chemokine signaling. It is probably more than a coincidence that many of the compounds have also been reported to benefit at least a proportion of patients with CFS and related illnesses. Ideally, patients receiving these relatively simple therapies would be retested for stealth virus activity. If there were no apparent reduction in stealth virus activity, and if the patient remained symptomatic, one could more easily justify the use of potentially more toxic allopathic medicines, including known anti herpes viral agents. For patients with major neurological, psychiatric, autoimmune or malignant diseases, the stealth virus associated treatments will


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simply be an aside to the accepted standard care of the patients underlying illness. Once sufficient supportive data are collected, it may be possible to proceed directly with anti-stealth virus therapy as the primary treatment for these severe disorders. END

This online finding would have taken place in 2006 because I called Dr. Martin and he was very kind to discuss my illness with me. We had several conversations about my illness and I told him I was using energy treatments and he was aware of how helpful they were. This shocked me even more. He further told me that he was certain that I had a mutated virus and made some suggestions on what I could try. The only thing that was helping me was essential oils, infrared sauna use and frequency machines. But I kept in contact with Dr. Martin from time to time just because he appeared to know a great deal more than any other medically educated person I had met so far.

Dr. Phil Show

In January of 2007 I got a call from the producers of The Dr. Phil Show and they wanted me to be on the air to discuss Morgellons. They sent a camera crew to my home and filmed for 12 hours. When I flew out I thought I was going to be on the air for the entire show with Dr. Phil to discuss my horrid condition, to bring greater awareness of the disease and also to discuss how misinformed the medical community was. But he only had me on for a very brief segment and it did not air for way more than a year later. I now think Dr. Phil wanted to make me out as a psychotic person who needed his care and assistance to bring me back to my senses but after they saw all the evidence I had in my house that this condition is for real they changed their mind. At any rate, to my knowledge, they never followed up on the fiber study or looked any further into the mystery of Morgellons. When I was flown out to Hollywood for the taping of this show in January of 2007 I was able to meet Dr. Martin face to face and discuss this disease. He also had been working on an energy treatment that involved using a special light and an energy topical essential oil product. He was getting approval for an FDA clinical trial and I let him test it on some of my lesions. At that time it did nothing but he continued to work on it and in 2008 he did have authorization to run a clinical trial for the treatment of Herpes viruses and he called to tell me he thought I should participate in the trial. I agreed and it helped me a great deal. But after about 3 49

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness weeks I noticed that I needed it again and I could not drive 1000 miles to get a monthly treatment so I modified what he had done and experimented on myself with essential oils mixtures and LED lights and I was able to get a great deal of improvement in the healing of the skin sores. Once again, my forward progress was in energy healing and alternative treatments. Conventional medicine offers nothing as it is yet an unknown to them and considering they dont listen to their patients I expect it will be remaining an unknown to the great majority of conventional medical doctors for quite some time to come. To save readers all the money and aggravation that I endured in my search for help I share this: dont bother with any doctor who has not specifically studied and understands this NEW condition referred to as Morgellons. It is not a mental condition and thus the mental drugs they prescribe are of no help whatsoever. My study of energy medicine and work with energy treatments continued throughout all of 2006-2008 and continues to this day. I am not completely well yet but I am greatly improved from 2006 when I initially began use of frequency healing. This, like Lyme Disease, takes a long, long time to treat. I continued to study, read books and search the internet and talk to lots of people who also suffer with this disease. Then, in late 2008 I learned that Morgellons had been linked to genetically modified organisms (GMO) called agobacterium and also perhaps to nanotechnology. The one area that I could not get Dr. Martins agreement on was that Morgellons actually involved bugs forming in the body, and bugs coming out of the skin. He said no it was only the fibers, which he called ACE pigments that were coming out and causing the sores. But this was prior to the time when a link with GMOs had been made. One would have to live with this disease to understand that there really are insects and insect parts of various kinds that come out of the skin. It believe that genetically modified organisms are now capable of self creation within the human body and that the DNA has been tampered with allowing all kinds transposition causing the strange phenomena to develop. It may very well be that the fibers which Dr. Martin calls ACE pigments are produced by cells in individuals infected with a stealth virus but I believe GMOs come out of my body and they have the fibers within them as well. To date it is still an unknown as to what the fibers actually aresilicone is what most are saying. I will give Dr. Martin credit for his work, and since there is no other scientific evidence to disprove what his research shows I am going to believe that the fibers are formed by the diseased cells. But they are also within the organisms that my body sheds, as I have seen them hundreds of times under the microscope. So the answer to why they 50 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD.

Chapter Two are also within the various organisms is still an unanswered question that I have. Where GMOs are concerned it is going to be very difficult to determine what is going on because what we have is a naked DNA that can be passed between the viruses, fungi, bacteria and now into the liquid genome of all species of animals, humans and insects. Franken-science, Franken-food has now led to Franken-organisms growing in humans. I learned a great deal from Dr. John Martins work but still there is more to figure out .... how could bugs come out of the tissues of human beings? What are the fibers, which are now everywhere? Is Dr. Martin rightthey are my diseased cells production of energy? Or are they being produced by bacteria biofilms which I also have read is a possibility. I do not know the answer as to why they form, but I am ahead of the conventional physicians who do not even know that they form.

Reports from the practitioners who do realize the significance of Morgellons syndrome
Dr. Susan Kolb, of Atlanta, Georgia is one surgeon who is aware of the condition we refer to as Morgellons and I happen to concur that it is not a disease per se but rather a group of symptoms which has been tagged with the name Morgellons. Dr. Susan Kolb shared this perspective with me:
Morgellons is probably not a disease in the sense of one causative agent but rather a syndrome due to altered biology with agobacterium and nanotechnology and infected fibers. Different patients have different patterns of infection including virus, bacteria, fungus, mold, parasites, insects and insect pieces. Silicone toxic patients who eat lunch meat daily (which was sprayed with High Density Polyethlyene (HDPE) fibers viral phages in order to prevent Listeria infections) get the disease and the fibers are (HDPE) and silicone. Other patients get the disease via an insect vector or possibly an exposure to an agent in the soil, sand, infected birds, animals, or chemtrails. Patients with the disease usually have a preexisting immune deficiency such as silicone chemical toxicity, antibiotic abuse, chemotherapy, Lyme Disease or another intracellular infection, biotoxin exposure or sick building syndrome or mold infested saline implants. It is very important to treat the underlying immune problem. I have had very extensive surgical experience with this disease as well, and the underlying tissues are involved


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very deeply and include abnormalities of the nerves. I was able to remove large subcutanous lesions in a patients face including fibrous involvement around the facial nerves, and she now has a return of sensation to her face immediately postoperatively. There is also a non physical aspect to the disease that needs to be addressed as well as an immune deficiency that if not addressed prior to surgery, may result in disaster. Eighteen specimens, taken from a 57-year-old woman reveal bone, synovium and joint tissue having extensive degenerative fragmentation, roughening and bony formation and underlying extensive degeneration of the bone. Chronic inflammation with fibrosis, calcification of the bone and surrounding soft tissue of the joint shows presence of crystalloid fragments consistent with silicone and silica. Further, a private study to determine the chemical and biological composition of fiber specimens taken from a second woman in Florida has shown that the fibers outer casing is made up of high density polyethylene (HDPE). The fiber material is used commonly in the manufacture of fiber optics.

More Physicians Comments

A San Francisco physician, Dr. Raphael Stricker, another of the few doctors who believes the disease is real, said. Theres almost always some history of exposure to dirt basically either from gardening or camping or something. He is one of the co-authors of the Agrobacterium research done by Stony Brook University (SUNY), which reported finding Agobacterium DNA in all 7 Morgellons patients studied. Stricker suggests it is transmitted by ticks, like Lyme disease, and in a recent survey of 44 Morgellons patients in San Francisco, 40 of them tested positive for the bacterium causing Lyme disease. Another factor consistent with Agrobacterium being a causative agent, if not the causative agent, is that when patients are treated with antibacterials for their Lyme disease, remission of Morgellons symptoms is seen in most of them. Dr. William Harvey, of Rocky Mountain Chronic Disease Specialists, Colorado Springs, CO is on the board of the Morgellons Research Foundation. He feels there is an emerging unrecognized borreliosis pandemic. Harvey wants the results of his research to appear in a top-notch, peerreviewed journal before getting into specifics. Harvey says he may have 52 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD.

Chapter Two found not only why Morgellons patients would both scratch and act strange, but also what could be the genesis of probably most chronic human illnesses, such as autism, obesity, chronic fatigue and bipolar disorder. Professor Randy Wymore, of Oklahoma State University, was the first scientist to conduct research on this skin disease. He says its the biggest mystery hes ever been involved in. Wymore says his tests rule out not only textile fibers, but also worms, insects, animal material and even human skin and hair. He says the filaments are not an external contamination. Instead, they are a substance that materializes somehow inside the body, apparent artifacts of something infectious. If no medical professionals take the time to study this, we may never know the truth as it continues to spread. Professor Wymore has a great deal of helpful information on this Oklahoma State University website. There is also information for your physician if you happen to have one who is not convinced your condition is real. (I have had one doctor throw these papers across his desk and tell me I am delusional and not even look at the papers! Empathy is non-existant!) Dr. Beverly Drottar, MD is now on disability due to having Morgellons and co-infection with Lyme Disease. In a conversation she discussed her opinions, This is now an environmental disease factor not unlike Lyme disease that society will have to live with forever. She was against giving her opinion on exactly what she felt Morgellons is because she felt that would be idle speculation. Speculation is not going to help anyone facing this disease. Hard research is needed and sound scientific evidence as to what this is takes money. So far the medical community has not taken this condition seriously so they are certainly not pushing for the research. The CDC has finally paid Kaiser Permanente $388,000 to study some insureds who have the symptoms. That is about like putting a drop of water on a forest fire. Dr. Drottar further shared her observations of the organisms amazing ability for pleomorphism this is not a simple virus or bacteria, this makes it very difficult to study or treat. There is such variability in how individuals present and variability in the way the condition progresses in each individual. Pleomorphism is so greatthis is not a simple illness, not a simple infection. 53

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness Dr. Drottar referred to the fibers as factors of the condition and she feels strongly that they are capable of infecting people and animals and that they are now everywhere. They are visible on fresh produce in the grocery stores and they are visible in the clothing we buy. When we discussed the fibers Dr. Drottar further explained, these fibers are alive. They are able to self assemble multi cellular organisms from microscopic cells. Not many things in our biological system is capable of that, a few sea creatures and sponges perhaps. I would like to further explain how bizarre this self assembly process is of this factor (fiber) of the disease. Having spoken to hundreds of people I learned that different organisms form in their skin. Some people have insects or insect parts form. Some have seen bugs come out of their skin and fly away. Some have seen worms come out of their skin. I myself, have a Collembola like fluke organisms that forms. Hundreds of times I have watched fibers instantly form from an invisible (to the naked eye) skin cell. I can be washing my face and see one to two inch long hair-like fibers instantly self assemble in the sink. Then, often I clean my face I pull them off my skin, not out of it like some have reported, these just form instantly on the surface of my body as well as all over the house. Dr. Drottar mentioned this self assembly process as a very rare and unusual occurrence yet with this condition I see it daily. If the fibers that I see form were in my blood or lymph I would have a stroke due to arterial blockage. Or, my heart, lungs and kidneys would have blockages due to the number of fibers. I have thus determined they are not moving through my tissues but perhaps form once exposed to oxygen. They are in the sores, and may be just below the surface of the skin but they cannot be in the fluids moving through my body or I would have blockaged kidneys and arteries. What does appear to be in my tissues is an amber colored gel that is believed to be silicon in nature. This was photographed and is shown as rivers of silicon running through the tissues of a woman who had a severe case of Morgellons. I am not a micro biologist, scientist or qualified researcher of any kind but from years of being afflicted with this condition what I see happening is that the gel reaches air and then self assembles into various multi cellular organism or the fibers. I certainly do not understand this and if I had not experienced it again and again and then listened to many others who also experienced it I would not believe it. It is unbelievable. The organisms usually have the fibers running through them. Dr. Drottar said, the fibers penetrate latex gloves effortlessly, so all physicians and nurses working in surgery or emergency rooms are going to 54 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD.

Chapter Two be exposed to this more and more. Once they finally acknowledge what a serious problem we are facing here it will change everything in medicine. Another major concern of mine is blood transfusions which have no screening procedures in place to detect this disease. Having both Lyme disease and Morgellons, I know I could walk into any donors center and give blood. Do you think that maybe questions should be asked: do you have Lyme disease or been bitten by a tick recently? Do you have any non-healing sores on your body? This is so serious and yet it just is not being taken seriously. This disease has become much more virulent in the past 5 years than it was say 15 years ago when I initially began to notice symptoms. Now it is spreading much faster. Another aspect of this condition is mild to severe mental deterioration, short term memory loss, brain fog, inability to concentrate, feelings of being overwhelmed by daily chores, loss of words and names... the list goes on. Some people are fully disabled due to mental illness and are being treated for such but they are not being treated for the underlying cause of their mental illness. This disease is causing the mental illnesses due to endotoxins and biotoxins in the brain. Many people are receiving drugs for mental illnesses but not for the cause of their illness and sadly that is how the medical community continues to treat most people who have Morgellonsas mental patients. What is so tragic with this disease is that physicians are very quickly and incorrectly diagnosing their patients with delusional parasitosis rather than properly evaluating their patients. They are sending them to psychiatrists for mind altering drugs. The greatest percentage of family practitioners and dermatologists have no idea of how to recognize this disease. What is even more disturbing is that even when evidence has been documented by qualified researchers as to the findings that this is a real condition they dismiss it. The physicians have been so indoctrinated with the delusions of parasitosis diagnosis that they are unable to move away from that training and look outside the box. This is not mentally disturbed people causing a skin condition. This is an emerging disease syndrome being ignored and misdiagnosed, which causes the mental illnesses. Until we can get that through to the physicians who, cant think outside the box, thousands of individuals are suffering and being subjected to inappropriate medical care. Sadly, due to the fact that Morgellons does cause mental disorders, the dilemma perpetuates. I spoke to a psychiatric nurse who also has Morgellons and, who like all of us with it, is trying to determine what this is. Once you have had this condition for awhile, particularly if you are a nurse or in a 55

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness medical field that sees lots of people, it is fairly easy to recognize it. I am not sure why it takes physicians and dermatologists so long to see that we have an emerging disease in our midst. Most observant medical people could easily recognize these crater type sores all over their patients bodies, you would think. The psychiatric nurse told me that as she makes rounds with the psychiatrist she sees case after case of Morgellons type sores on the suffering people in the psychiatric facility where she works. She claims 90 percent are infected with this condition! She says nothing because she fears she will lose her job. Now wouldnt you think if a psychiatrist saw patient after patient with similar symptoms and sores they would have the intelligence to put two and two together and investigate why there is such a high percentage of mentally ill people who have non-healing sores on their bodies. I could do rounds with my 9 year old grandchild and after seeing 10 people with similar sores he would ask why do so many of those people have sores on them grandma? Is there a cover-up or are they really that ignorant? I asked this question of Dr. Drottar: Do you think there is a government cover-up? Dr. Drottar responded, No, I worked for the government and they are to incompetent to figure this out. And the CDC is not covering it up either. They had so many people screaming at them to look into this condition that they had to make it look like they were actually doing something. I suspect we have an advanced plague in our midst but because it is spread across the land and not causing massive deaths rapidly in any one location it goes under the radar of homeland security, CDC or NIH. But it is real and it is affecting hundreds of thousands of people in various ways. Lets go back to the psychiatric or other public facility with my own experience and perspective taken into account. I know that the debris that ones body sheds, once infected with Morgellons, gets into sheets, blankets, clothing, carpets, drapes and other environmental surroundings including the heating and air conditioning systems. So, lets say it was introduced into a facility 10-12 years ago when the inmate, nursing home resident, psychiatric patient was admitted. That initial infected individual would have contaminated all linens, the fibers would be in air and many others would eventually become infected. Due to negligence on the part of those who protect our health this disease is going to be spreading like a wildfire. These facilities will be highly virulent breeding grounds and 56 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD.

Chapter Two infecting all who reside or visit them. And yet the medical people deny it is real, continue to say we have delusional people who dig at their skin and cause sores. What is it going to take before they wake up and realize it is a biotoxin or endotoxin disease that causes severe itching and sores and it also causes mental disturbances due to the toxins? Do they intend to perpetuate this? We have a serious health issue in our midst that is spreading undeterred. This is in our schools, our hotels, hospitals, airplanes... it is everywhere. I do not want to cause a panic but I certainly want to bring awareness to the public about what is going on. People who learn to fight this, usually on their own and with alternative type therapy, can get better if they catch it early on. People who recognize it and fight it with alternative therapies have completely recovered. Those, like myself, who have had it for years can improve the condition and live a more normal life with alternative treatments. It is yet to be seen if those of us who have been infected more than 10 years will be able to get it 100 percent cured or controlled. I keep hoping that there will be a protocol developed that stops this horrid disease in its tracks but so far all I have seen is improvement of symptoms over a long period of time but not complete curesexcept in those who have had it for only a couple years. They appear to be able to get well again. It has many similarities to chronic Lyme disease. Hildegarde Staninger, PhD, Industrial Toxicologist Dr. Staninger is blaming this whole mess on nanotechnology. She may be right, I personally feel it is a combination of genetically modified organisms, gene-transfer AND nanotechnology. I am not sure Dr. Martins theory on the fibers is all part of it but I am not a researcher. Both Dr. Staninger and Dr. Martin claim to have evidence regarding the fibers. Dr. Staninger has a book coming out but it was not released before I did this work and I look forward to reading it. I hope you will get a copy too. Dr. Staningers websites: Please visit this site as well: http://exoticwarfare.og find Dr. Staningers videos and watch them all. Find the guys video who shaved his head and 57

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness see what these organisms look like under a black light. Note: I have all those same glowing particles that come out of my skin on head, face and most other body areas. You make up your own mind as to what might really be going on here. I know it is real and it is also real serious. I do not believe this is a government plan to kill us! It is a huge mistake made by someone and right now they do not know how to fix it. The following are findings presented by Dr. Hildegarde Staninger, RIET-1, Industrial Toxicologist/IH & Doctor of Integrative Medicine.

Far-Infrared Radiant Heat (FIR RH) Type Remediation for Mold and Other Unique Diseases
Dr. Staningers findings are pending to published in the Journal of Pathology.

- - - A disease in which individuals have the growth of fibers from their skin that burn at 1,700 degrees F and do not melt. (20)(* see below) A private study to determine the chemical and biological composition of these fibers has shown that the fibers outer casing is made up of high density polyethylene fiber (HDPE). The fiber material is used commonly in the manufacture of fiber optics. There is no history of the individual in that industry or coming into contact with this material. It was further determined that this material is used throughout the bio nanotechnology world as a compound to encapsulate a viral protein envelope, which is composed of a viron (1/150th times smaller than a virus) with DNA, RNA, RNAi (mutated RNA) or RNAsi linear or ring plasmids for specific functions. (21, 22) Toxicological pathology identification of tissue biopsies from an individual diagnosed with Morgellons revealed the presence of continual silica or glass tubules with the presence of silicone. (23) It must be noted that the core toxicological effects of silicone alone have been demonstrated throughout the breast implant industry and litigation cases. (24, 25) Furthermore, silicone cannot make silica, but silica or silica bicarbonate can make silicone through natural cellular interaction in a biological system. The subject did not have breast implants or any


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Chapter Two
other implant or silicon glue injections. Other findings Dr. Staninger presented at the conference: 1: The use of the biological pesticide Bacillus Thuringiensis for mosquito control in Santa Monica, California has caused a surfacing of syphilis in individuals who had some infected blood generational relative in the past that had syphilis, meaning either their mother or father has had syphilis before giving birth to the individual, passing off a DNA mutation of the virus to the child, and now these people are developing syphilis after being exposed to this pesticide. 2: 63 % of the patients diagnosed with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) have a hidden lung worm, Cryptostronylus pulmoni cultured from their sputum. FDA Approved New Virile Nano-Acuator Sprays For Foods 2006. The FDA-approved virile protein bacteria eaters that work on deli meats and other ready-to-eat foods in August, 2006. Food manufacturers started spraying this new nantechnology viruses on meats and vegetables in August 2006. Intralytix Corporation, based in Baltimore, first petitioned the FDA in 2002 to allow the viruses to be used as an additive. It has since licensed the product to a multinational company, which is marketing the virus spray worldwide. The viruses are known as bacteriophages, viruses that kill bacteria, or phages for short. Phages have been around a long time, living as parasites inside many bacteria. Intralytix uses biotechnology to grow viral phages in a culture with Listeria, in theory teaching the viruses to recognize the bacteria. The FDA-approved cocktail contains six different viruses intended to attack one strain of bacteria. This mixture is then sprayed on food. If Listeria is present in the food, the bacteria will ingest the viruses. This results in massive viral replication inside the bacteria, until such point as the bacteria simply bursts. This battle results in significant production of bacterial poisons called endotoxins, as the bacteria tries to defend itself. When the bacteria burst, these endotoxins are released.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

These, along with the victorious live viruses, will now be on the food that will be eaten, ingested into the human body. The stated goal of the new FDA-approved viruses is to kill a rare bacterium known as Listeria monocytogenes. This bacterium is killed by cooking; however, it poses a problem in meats that are cooked during processing and not cooked again prior to consumption, so it can readily infect foods such as deli meats. The FDA and Intralytix would like us to believe that these viruses will only attack the specified bacteria they are intended to kill and will be harmless to humans. Wrong! There is no way they can possibly guarantee such safety. Viruses such as HIV recognize human cells such a T-Cells and Natural Killer cells. The HIV virus attacks and destroys these human cells. Therefore, this new spray-on virus can potentially recognize normal bacterial cells in the human digestive tract and may be able to adapt to infect one or more of these friendly bacteria in the human colon. The human immune system reacts directly to viral phages. Someone who eats a lot of processed deli meat is certain to evoke an immune reaction to the viruses. What will this reaction be? Allergy? Asthma? Autoimmunity? Cancer? How can the FDA approve a food additive that it knows can induce a variety of human immune responses? Phages, such as this viral spray is equipped to disrupt normal immunity that they are being considered for use as part of organ transplant medicine. What are these people thinking inventing these things? Now Are You Wondering? What Does This Have To Do With Morgellons Sufferers? FDA, EPA and Nanotechnology Nanotechnlogy is the ability to control things at an atomic and molecular scale of between one and 100 nanometers and has been met with enthusiasm across a variety of industries. Critics highlight the murky area of how nanoparticles affect toxicity and say nanoparticles should be treated as new, potentially harmful materials and tested for safety accordingly. (5) Unlike pharmaceuticals, which must go through a series of premarket approvals, finished dietary supplements need no pre-mar-


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Chapter Two
ket approval. Under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA), which is part of the Food and Cosmetic Act, only ingredients not marketed in the US before October 1994 must be approved by FDA before use in consumer products. Thus, as it stands, pre-market regulation of nanotechnology in dietary supplements, biological pesticides, and other man made nanotechnology does not fall under FDA, EPA, OSHA, FIFRA and other regulatory agencies in the USA, just for the simple reason that the nanotechnology is so small that the conventional regulatory laboratory methods do not have equipment to measure at 9 decimals below the zero and are only addressing 3 and 4 decimals (ppm, ppb, and ppt). (Staninger, Dr. Hildegarde, ibid.) The above is the tip of the iceberg. There are now many, many thousands of Morgellons victims across the globe. And the numbers are growing daily. The disease is unknown by the CDC, and was instructed by certain members of Congress last July to form a health team to immediately study the findings and report back to them. As yet, the CDC has not come to any conclusion as to what is causing Morgellons. However, some of the proof is in. More is on its way as this private research continues. Isnt it amazing how private individuals in the medical fields have to find the causes of such things as this, yet, the CDC is given billions of dollars by the government each year to operate? These tests, which cost in excess of $30,000, were paid for by private citizens to find the cause of Morgellons. END Keep following her work and watch for her book:

Interview with Barbara Minton, Natural Health Editor and Trisha Springstead, RN, Morgellons aware Nurse
Morgellons is a terrifying disease reaching pandemic status. Yet because the symptoms of the disease are so bizarre, people who have it tend to withdraw and become isolated from society. With mysterious fibers and parasites coming through lesions in their skin, Morgellons sufferers often live in fear. As a result there is no pressure on the medical establishment to become educated about the disease, and most practitioners continue to view it as isolated instances of delusional parasitosis. Because Morgellons affects 61

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness nitive functioning and the ability to communicate, its victims are often unable to advocate for themselves, and few are knowledgeable or willing to advocate for them. Trisha Springstead, RN, a former surgical charge nurse and clinical educator who now works as an advocate for patients rights, has stepped in to fill some of this gap. Both knowledgeable and experienced with Morgellons, Trisha agreed to be interviewed to provide the kind of insight into the disease that can only come from direct experience. Barbara: Trisha, thank you for doing this interview. Its time for information about this disease to become widely available. Hopefully this is a start. Is incidence of Morgellons confined to the U.S.? Trisha: Morgellons is everywhere. Its in Australia, England, Germany. The only country where people have not reported cases of Moregllons is Iceland. Dr. Neculai Dulceanu, Head of the Department of Parasitology in Romania just scraped these from the skin of a 75 year old woman there [shows slides of fibers and parasites]. He found Rotifers and Collembola in her skin using a needle aspiration biopsy. As you can see, this shows how the fibers and parasites are intermixed. When you look deep enough into the skin, this is what you find. No one truly knows how many people have this disease, as many of the persons I have spoken with have not reported to any database. Most people with Morgellons seem to think they are the only ones who have it, so awareness is paramount. It is so important for me to let new patients know they are not alone, and that there are thousands and thousands of people with this disease. What I have seen is that so very many people are isolating themselves. With increased awareness and validation, I am beginning to get phone calls from isolated people who have only had this disease for a short time, like five months. These people get referred to me by word of mouth and my name is all over the internet. When people with the disease 62 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD.

Chapter Two peruse the internet they find my name and email me or call me. This is the best time to get patients, because at this point they just have the crawling and biting sensations. The disease is not yet full blown. Last week I had 30 calls. I have a phone number that is in my lab, and young people in their twenties and thirties are calling. This is because they are internet savvy. Ive set up an internet reporting site where people can report that they suspect they have Morgellons. I send those reports to my Congresswoman Ginny Brown Waite. Congresswoman Waite sent a letter to the head of the CDC in May of 2007. Now there is a new head at the CDC and we are back on square one trying to get them to understand what is going on. Barbara: Tell me some numbers so we can get a feel for the scope of the disease as it is now. Trisha: The Morgellons Research Foundation has over 13,561 reported families. Not persons, but families. Oklahoma State University has over 20,000 families registered. About 600 people have reported their disease to me, and some have reported to the CDC. My source at CDC told me that this is the most reported disease entity since the reports of HIV/AIDS. And yet so many people have not reported out of fear. The CDC wants to keep it quiet because they are afraid of mass hysteria and mass pandemonium. There is a huge concern among many sufferers that they are going to be rounded up and put in a camp like lepers, so they dont report. My husband is an orthopedic surgeon. He has seen six Morgellons patients come into his office, in a very small town, Brookville. These people just happened to come to him for their joint problems, and I have taught him what to look for to diagnose Morgellons. Barbara, if he has seen six right here, it means there is a huge epidemic. And since it is world wide, it is a pandemic. 63

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness The sufferers are frenzied, and scared. I can tell you with utmost certainty, at this point in the syndrome there is not a state large enough to hold all these sufferers. Look at the numbers from Oklahoma State University. The people with this disease are so secretive and opaque that this 20,000 is just the tip of the iceberg in my estimation. I have a teleconference call every Tuesday evening with nurses from Florida to Alaska who are working with Morgellons sufferers. Last evening we went from 9 pm to 12:30 in the morning. I spoke to them regarding advocacy and how to help raise awareness. If you are interested I will see if they wouldnt mind getting you in on the next phone call. It is the nurses that are the ones who are giving out information and trying to help others and teach the doctors about this emerging pandemic. Barbara: Im almost afraid to ask this, but is the disease contagious? Trisha: The jury is out on that as far as I am concerned. Many of the nurses caring for these people in hiding do not have the disease. I believe some can be contagious but I truly believe that would be the exception and not the rule. Do I believe that some were exposed to something else at the same time they contracted this...absolutely. I interviewed the captain of a boat on Monday and I spent five hours in their home. They were the most kind and decent people. The husband has the disease, but the wife and children do not. I hugged them all and did a very in depth assessment. Dr. Randy Wymore does not have the disease, and all the doctors I work with except two of them do not have the disease. Hundreds of people I have spoken with have one or two family members that have the disease, and the rest do not. Barbara: What happens to people who are so reluctant to come forth?
Trisha: Since doctors are so unresponsive to these people,


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they have gone to the internet. There are boards all over where people talk about this disease. There are many videos on YouTube. They are giving each other advice and there are no medical professionals there to tell them whoa...hold on... please dont bathe in bleach, ammonia or toxic chemicals. Hold up on the dangerous advice. People who listen to this type of advice are going to have to make a decision in a few years about what type of lung cancer treatment they want. Or they will be looking for a liver transplant, because they have poisoned themselves. People with Morgellons become very desperate and understandably so, but treating themselves with chemicals they dont understand is so dangerous. Some take de-wormers and Ivermectin or Albendazole for the weight of a horse because they dont know how to calculate kilograms of body weight, and they get the stuff from a vet or a feed store. Barbara: What is the knowledge about how Morgellons is transmitted? Trisha: No one knows for certain how it is being transmitted. GMOs certainly have not been ruled out. Actually, nothing has been ruled out. I keep going back to water, soil, mold and pesticides. Water, soil, mold and pesticides, but I havent as yet been able to get beyond that to a true understanding. I personally believe that it is mans misuse of the earth with Frankenscience, GMOs, and thinking they can rearrange natural ecosystems of the earth that has created this mess. I believe the disease is also vector borne in many cases. Some of the people I have spoken with distinctly remember a bite, then a red, raised area on the skin. Then it became a rash, ulcers and full blown lesions all over their bodies. Then the bugs. The bugs are the progression of Morgellons. No doubt about it. The sicker the patients become, the more the parasites build up in the body, the deeper the brain fog, and then they begin purging out bugs. Vitaly Citovsky at Stonybrook in New York studied the fibers of 10 patients and said they had Agrobacterium Tumafaciens in their bodies (the bacterium that causes crown gall disease in plants), but what amazed him the most was that he found a


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

biofilm on the skins of these people. It is almost like a pseudo skin. We have to penetrate that biofilm and draw this stuff out of the body or these people will never get better. If you dont, it will stay in the skin and get worse. Dr. Kalani said the fibers from Morgellons patients were fungal. Because the body becomes like soil, fungus is attracted. The fibers are coated with the Agobacterium, which is a pathogenic fungus also known as Agent Green. Whether it is getting in the lungs, being ingested, or is vector borne or transmitted sweat to sweat is the big question. I took slides to my friend who is an entomologist and we found fungal hyphae, alternarium, and pathogenic funguses on the slides. These are not things that grow in humans. They are organisms that grow in plants. So the human bodies of these sufferers are becoming like soil and what does that attract? Fungus, mold and parasites. The bodies of people with Morgellons become very acidic and so we are working with pH buffers. Johns Hopkins and even Harvard have proven that many chronic diseases, especially cancer, cannot survive in a perfectly alkaline body. So, just as we raise soil alkalinity to make it more hospitable to plant life, we must alkalinize the body to fight these pathogens. If you look at my website, there is an alkaline chart and an 80% alkaline, 20% acidic diet is on there. But if you cant do it with diet, you can buffer your pH safely. There are websites that have great pH buffers and teach sufferers how to check their urine twice a day. If they are too acidic, they can take two buffers and not the whole bottle, and check their urine again in the evening. We have so many people who worked at the Aberdeen Proving grounds (site of munitions testing in Maryland) that now have Morgellons. They were truckers for a multimillion dollar company called Horvath. I called the owner of Horvath and told her, Do you not understand that you have truckers who are very sick because they were exposed to soil contaminants at Aberdeen? This woman, Sheila Horvath, said, Speak to my lawyer. No one wants to go up against this company in Maryland because they have power and money. The people


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with the disease and I want to know what was in that soil. There are Morgellons sufferers in the Poconos and I speak with them when I can. They are having a hard time getting lost wages and disability, and have been called delusional. Barbara, they are the salt of the earth, just good, kind people. They are not delusional. I am beginning to think the doctors who label them only say delusional because they dont want to look at this. Then, as you know, there are doctors with this disease. Dr. James Matthews in Maryland almost lost his license because he was trying to help people. I saw where you commented on Dr. Beverly Drottar in your earlier article. They are the tip of the iceberg. How many biologists have this disease? I know that nurses are the number one reported sufferers, and that teachers are number two. Is it because they are reporting their disease and not hiding? That is a question I have been asking in this political quagmire, but I have no answers. I just spoke with a woman in Tampa whose husband has had Morgellons for three years. She has a drawer full of anti-psychotic prescriptions. Their home in Grand Cayman was flooded. When they went back to it two months after the storm, he contracted Morgellons. She told me you could smell the mold from the street. Now he is a full blown case because they searched for three years to get help before they finally found Dr. Susan Kolb in Atlanta. Now he has lesions all over his legs, moving into his abdomen with bugs coming out of his body. I got him in to see Dr. Cheryl Reed in Tampa. I just spoke to her and she said he is a mess. She is getting labs to determine his liver enzymes, and is doing other studies. The jury is still out on him. Fusarium Osysporum is a pathogenic fungus that we have seen in skin scrapings from patients. This is being sprayed on crops in the war on drugs. I have guys coming back from Afganistan with the disease. What is the biggest crop there? Opium.

Barbara Minton is a contributing editor to Natural News: 67

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness Please be sure to view the video which Trisha Springstead had an opportunity to help get produced and on the air in FL. You can do a search on YouTube for body bugs but the link is listed below as well. END OF INTERVIEW
In the resources section at back of book there is a link to Trishas website where I hope you will listen to the Coast to Coast radio talk show. She had done so much for the people suffering with this condition. Listen to interview it is very good.

Bringing you back to my personal experience with this disease... I became ill all the way back into the 90s so that the modern day theory of viral spray on deli meat does not apply to me because I very seldom consume deli meat of any kind and also because I was sick long before this was allowed to be used on our foods. There is more to it than the very recent changes in our food, the etiology has to go back into the very early 90s. However, the link to virus, fungus and various bacteria and the biotoxins they create and now probably nano material is very strong throughout all my research findings. Those individuals suffering with the fiber diseases all have similar symptoms, but not all are exactly the same. The commonly shared symptoms of our illnesses is that we all are suffering from biotoxins within our food, insects, and environment and sadly due to genetic engineering we are exposed to the naked DNA of many, many harmful pathogens. The mad scientists have engineered a toxic soup that is now part of our soil, air, water and food supply. It whatever it iswhich is yet to be determinedhas infected ticks, mites, spiders, animals and humans. The protectors of our health have sold us out so that they could protect the profits of the corporations. We have been completely betrayed and there may be no way to repair the damage done to our ecosystem. Lets hope I am wrong but I believe this to be a very serious situation and with no fix possible. Lack of oversight allows industry to expose the planet and humans to toxins that are now way beyond what our ecosystem and immune systems can handle. The Frankenfoods allowed to be sold should be banned but instead they continue to sicken, infect and infest millions of unsuspecting people across the world. 68 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD.

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This Case Report appeared in the Journal of Medical Case Reports published July 1, 2009 - Open access permission Morgellons disease, illuminating an undefined illness: a case series
William T Harvey, Robert C Bransfield, Dana E Mercer, Andrew J Wright, Rebecca M Ricchi and Mary M Leitao
Received: 28 November 2008 Accepted: 17 March 2009 Published: 1 July 2009 Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009, 3:8243 doi: 10.4076/1752-1947-3-8243

This article is available from: 2009 Harvey et al; licensee Cases Network Ltd.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract Introduction: This review of 25 consecutive patients with Morgellons disease (MD) was undertaken for two primary and extremely fundamental reasons. For semantic accuracy, there is only one proven MD patient: the child first given that label. The remainder of inclusive individuals adopted the label based on related descriptions from 1544 through 1884, an internet description quoted from Sir Thomas Browne (1674), or was given the label by practitioners using similar sources. Until now, there has been no formal characterization of MD from detailed examination of all body systems. Our second purpose was to differentiate MD from Delusions of Parasitosis (DP), another informal label that fit most of our MD patients. How we defined and how we treated these patients depended literally on factual data that would determine outcome. How they were labeled in one sense was irrelevant, except for the confusing conflict rampant in the medical community, possibly significantly skewing treatment outcomes. Case presentation: Clinical information was collected from 25 of 30 consecutive self-defined patients with Morgellons disease consisting of laboratory data, medical history and physical examination findings. Abnormalities were quantified and grouped by system, then compared and summarized, but the numbers were too small for more complex mathematical analysis. The quantification of physical and laboratory abnormalities allowed at least the creation of a practical clinical boundary, separat-


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

ing probable Morgellons from non-Morgellons patients. All the 25 patients studied meet the most commonly used DP definitions. Conclusions: These data suggest Morgellons disease can be characterized as a physical human illness with an often-related delusional component in adults. All medical histories support that behavioral aberrancies onset only after physical symptoms. The identified abnormalities include both immune deficiency and chronic inflammatory markers that correlate strongly with immune cytokine excess. The review of 251 current NLM DP references leads us to the possibility that Morgellons disease and DP are grossly truncated labels of the same illness but with the reversal of the cause-effect order. Further, the patients data suggest that both illnesses have an infectious origin.

The termMorgellons disease first publicly appeared on the Internet in 2002. The index case was the first modern case to which that label was appended: a sick child whose physical signs and symptoms were collectively unrecognized as an entity at local and regional medical facilities. As the childs illness persisted without recognition or resolution, the unaffected parent sought similar illness descriptions from historic medical references, eventually settling on The Morgellons, a label given to childhood cases described in France in 1674 by Sir Thomas Browne [1]. His description was limited to its dermal components: hair-like extrusions and sensations of movement. Ettmuller, a physician, produced the only known drawings of The Morgellons in 1682 and considered these dermal filaments a parasitic infestation [1]. Numerous isolated descriptions of similar phenomena were found by Kellett from1544 through 1884 that began as a pediatric-only illness identified by posterior torso bristles but also included extreme agitation, seizures, wasting and death (characteristics not seen in the 21st century). By the early 1600s, the illness was thought to be caused by the parasite Dracunculus (later called Dracontia, then pilaris affectio) andcured by filament (agent) removal from the skin. The worm theory was considered debunked by 1715 when the esteemed microscopist, Leuvenhoeck, pronounced the bristles inanimate. From this point forward to 1884, however, the illness shifted toward comedones, facial regions and to adults. And Demodex folliculorum was considered a frequent occupant of comedones, again supporting a parasite concept. The name Morgellons disease was thus created in 2002, as a practical place holder because of its dermal similarity to The Morgellons described by Browne in particular (Brownes The Morgellons label evolved


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Chapter Two
further over three centuries into the words, Masquelon, then Masclous dicti and Les Crinons, shifting to Comedones after 1800). The new label also provided an alternative to differentiate a clearly, non-delusional child from many decades of clinical use of the label Delusions of Parasitosis [210]. This first set of actions would eventually raise one of the major philosophical questions of modern medicine: Does the practice of evidencebased medicine come from peer-reviewed literature, or from the actual patient? Information from what was later to become the Morgellons Research Foundation (MRF) website initially provided a broader look at the believed Morgellons disease symptoms by allowing patient registrants to record their symptoms and signs. Clearly,most of the 21st century patients did not fit the descriptions from 1500-1800. The MRF website provided a glimpse of the current global prevalence of those considering they are affected by this phenomenon.On January 2009, there are 13,000+ family registrants from all U.S. states and from 15 other countries. [] Given the growing use of the label Morgellons disease, characterizing the illness using verifiable clinical data seemed to be the imperative first step for clinicians, particularly to separate these patients from those two to five centuries before presentation. Until 2007, Morgellons and DP cases were often seen in isolation, interfering with credible Case Definitions. Assembling even this small number of candidate patients into a series with verified data points, should at least improved diagnosis consistency.

Case Series Data Collection

The study protocol was simply a collection of clinical data obtained from new Morgellons disease patients at one clinic in a two-hour session between September 2006 and July 2007. Patients were not solicited but came self-diagnosed. Practice size limited the original patient number to30 adults. The final number was 25 after filtering for consistency and data errors. Each clinical session included a detailed history, review of systems and a physical examination emphasizing dermal, neurological, endocrine and psychiatric systems. Expanded laboratory tests included a blood count (CBC), a metabolic panel (CMP) and others to evaluate major organ system function to characterize immune status, detect inflammation and search for an initial and limited number of possible infectious pathogens suggested by several veterinarians [personal communication]. Subjective screening criteria derived from earlier clinical encounters were first applied to improve patient selection consistency (Table 1). The screened

data were then entered into 492 fields on each patient, 407 fields of which contained useful data points. This provided 10,175 total parameters for analysis.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness Case Series Initial Data Summary

The first-level summary of raw data is in the Appendix, Tables A, B and C. Categories devoid of entries had no significant findings.

Table 1. Initial Patient Screening Criteria

1. Patient convinced of chronic parasite infestation. 2. Primary patient illness focus must be either on dermal sensations or on never-before-seen material thought to be extruded from his or her body, even if this was not the most debilitating symptom or sign. The material must have been described as fibers, fiber-like, or filaments. 3. Chronic pruritis (itching) must have been present for at least six months. 4. The patient must have at least two chronic, unhealed skin lesions recorded by a clinician, regardless of whether excoriation was suspected. 5. Prior diagnosis of Delusions of Parasitosis or bipolar illness would not exclude the patient as a candidate. 6. Patients experiencing delusional states common in withdrawal from drugs such as opiates and patients in organic brain states, were excluded. 7. The illness must have had a life-altering effect on the patient. 8. The patient must be an adult and had experiencing symptoms for more than six months. 9. A healthy pre-morbid period in the patients life was acceptable.

A. Demographic Information

Male and female rates were the same for those who believed they had Morgellons disease. Age spread, geographic spread and gender neutrality were large. These data suggest Caucasian bias that did not appear in data from other countries [11].

B. Illness History

Rural residence or recent rural travel was common. Emotional stress was not relevant, nor was season of onset. Physical stress was a common precursor. Full onset typically required one to several months from first symptom.

C. Past Medical History

Prior psychiatric diagnoses in more than half. The most common diagnosis was bi-polar illness.


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD.

Chapter Two D. Social History

Significantly reduced exercise capacity was highly prevalent although non-specific as an illness marker. Recent exposure to unhygienic settings (Third world countries, sewage systems and land fills) correlated strongly with illness onset.

E. Systems Information from physical examination and History of Present Illness

General: Weight gain after illness onset averaged to 33 pounds. High levels of fatigue and reduced exercise capacity were eventually present in 80% of patients. Recurrent fever by thermometry was noted by 50% of patients. Dermatological: A typical phrase used by most patients was similar to: Extruding and moving skin parasites (filaments, fibers, spheres) generating uncomfortable lesions. Patients stated filament appearance was intermittent and consistent with identifying in less than one in three patients on examination. The sensation of movement, however, was denied by up to 50% of those experiencing filament extrusions. About 70% had regular appearance of painful shallow skin ulcers, but most could easily separate excoriations (scratching) they had generated from spontaneous ulcers. Numerous micro-angiomas (0.5 to 3.0 mm in diameter) were found by examination on 72% of patients. This phenomenon is a known hallmark of Bartonellosis, although our patients had completely negative Bartonella serology [12,13]. Many patients noted that angiomata appearance directly paralleled illness onset and progression. Central Nervous System: This group experienced a high rate of headaches, visual aberrancies, tinnitus, and short term memory deficits. Emotional lability was present in more than half, typically manifest intermittently. Cardiovascular: Patients often reported orthostatic intolerance and frequent arrhythmias (type undetermined) regardless of age. Rhythm and

mild cardiac auscultation abnormalities (valvular) were commonly found on vital sign determination. Pulse was high (>72) in virtually all.

psychiatric diagnosis was tabulated [14]. In each case, medical records

Psychiatric: Strikingly, most patients in this study (23 out of 25) had prior psychiatric diagnoses (most determined by specialists) as follows: 11 out of 25 bipolar disease; 7 out of 25 Adult ADD; 4 out of 25 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD); and 1 out of 25 Schizophrenia. Although overlap occurred in 5 cases, only the primary


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

indicated that the dermal symptoms and signs preceded or occurred simultaneously with the onset of emotional signs, with an emotionally normal time in each patients life prior to Morgellons disease. Endocrine: Eight patients (32%) had prior diagnoses of Hashimotos Thyroiditis. [The U.S. adult prevalence rate of Hashimotos Thyroiditis is 0.56%. The rate is based on 1996 statistics: 1,490,371 adults with Hashimotos Thyroiditis per U.S. population of 264,162,000. (Reference: Rose and Mackay, 1998, The Autoimmune Diseases, Third Edition)] Half had past evidence of Hypercalcemia (intermittent), of which 3 had definite parathyroid adenomas, later surgically excised with incomplete improvement. Fasting insulin levels were elevated in 100% who were tested for it (6 out of 25), as were CRH levels (also 6 out of 25 tested). Other: Recurrent cough and dyspnea were common as GI and urinary symptoms, but none had a recent medically determined etio ogy. F. Vital Signs The most Consistent markers in this group were low core temperature and high resting heart rate, affecting all 25 patients. G. Laboratory Data CBC aberrancies were common but often intermittent. They included abnormal variable RBC indices, occasional low-grade anemia, low white cell count, and high monocyte count. Other abnormalities included low Natural Killer cell (CD56 + CD16) number and percentage, high or high-normal insulin level (in all tested) and intermittent elevation of serum calcium, globulin level, and A/G ratio. Sedimentation rate was mid-range normal or lower with only one ANA positive. Antidouble stranded DNA antibody level was negative in all tested. Occasionally IgG subclasses 1 and 3 were low. Commonly elevated markers supporting chronic inflammation included C-reactive protein and TNF-alpha. Other occasionally abnormal laboratory parameters present in chronic inflammation or infection included IFN-gamma, Homocysteine and serum Leptin. Most patients showed serologic evidence of infection (antibodies) with one or more unexpected potentially pathogenic microorganisms despite testing for only a few species. Data Summary Following is the concluding summary of collected data from all patients, including pathological mechanisms suggested by the pattern(s) of these data anomalies.


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Morgellons disease was often preceded by exposure to unhygienic conditions and appears first as skin abnormalities and discomfort. Illness onset appears with moderately rapid transition (weeks) from healthy to unhealthy, including emotional discomfort. These gravid Morgellons females had an extraordinarily high miscarriage rate. The most common physical abnormalities found in this series include: 1) Numerous senile angiomas on the trunk, head and limbs of many; 2) Recurrent fever; 3) Awareness of itching, crawling, stinging or biting. When present, patients describe a circadian tempo to the symptoms; some occurring solely at night. Itching of unbroken skin specifically appeared to precede all other skin symptoms; 4) Unidentified objects (called filaments or granules) extrude uncomfortably from unbroken skin or skin lesions; 5) Painful ulcer-like concave, circular skin lesions with distinct border; 6) Excoriations adjacentto but separate from ulcerations were common; 7) Dermal symptoms were the central focus of discomfort for most patients. 8) Multiple organ system symptoms often appeared within the first six months of illness onset. The most common systems affected were the central and peripheral nervous systems, autonomic nervous system then endocrine, cardiovascular, and pulmonary systems. All blood pressures were low and all resting pulses were high. Routine laboratory tests were often inconsistent and varied both positively and negatively, but within range more frequently than out of range. Common abnormalities were NK cell numbers and percentages (low), and fasting insulin levels (very high). Occasionally abnormal were RBC indices, hematocrit, WBC count (low), monocyte count (high), serum calcium (high), globulin level (high), and A/G ratio (high). Contradictory autoimmunity data was frequently noted. Some expected inflammation tests such as sedimentation rate and Anti-double stranded DNA antibody tests were negative, while C-reactive protein and TNF-alpha were routinely high. IFN-gamma, Homocysteine and Leptin were also elevated. There was a high prevalence of transient autoimmune diseases such as Hashimotos Thyroiditis, hyperparathyroidism and adrenalcortical hypofunction. Following is a second level summary of the Morgellons data (Table 2). This is intended as a simplistic tool for clinical use.


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Proposed Characterization of Morgellons Disease The authors conclude that Morgellons disease is a multisystemic illness that has been presumed as a delusional phenomenon for decades as its most obvious and disconcerting manifestations resembled actual (but unverified) parasite infestation as well as various psychopathologies. However, using recent technology and even a modicum of consistently obtained physical data supports that Morgellons manifest as a skin phenomenon, an immune deficiency state and a chronic inflammatory process. Since infectious agents can initiate and maintain chronic diseases, the behavioral and other CNS manifestations here are more likely effect than cause [18]. We suggest that the Morgellons label be considered to displace any label suggesting delusion as the primary cause of this phenomenon. The term Morgellons disease came into being in the 21st century in an attempt to identify an illness for which no name existed. The entry of this new label into a phenomenon of extreme controversy may at first appear to further that controversy. Typical of the evolution of medical nomenclature, however, the problem may always have been with semantics; in particular the use of assumptions unsupported from failure to investigate the total physical patient [19]. The index case that failed to fit similar earlier diagnostic labels was seen as different principally because its observer looked beyond the presumed signs and symptoms of the truncated look-alike phenomenon labeled Delusions of Parasitosis. Traberts review of 1,300+ cases makes clear that only a fraction of the total signs of that presumed illness were used to create the DP diagnostic framework [14,20]. Our attempt to gather as much physical evidence on Morgellons patients as possible was based on the extremely large number of abnormal physical signs among those we evaluated earlier. We gathered as many clinical parameters as possible (within the fiscal constraints of todays medicine) in order to see whether the abnormalities among them were consistent and if so, whether their pattern was explanatory. The unfolding mechanism strongly suggests a chronic infectious process. Table 2. Primary Abnormal Findings


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1. The large age spread, geographic spread and gender neutrality among patients suggest broad human susceptibility to the illness. 2. Rural abode or exposure to unhygienic conditions (third world travel or simply soil exposure) may be risk factors. 3. Onset rate is moderately rapid, without recognizable prodrome, commonly preceded by a healthy state. 4. Once ill, exercise capacity is significantly reduced. 5. The illness is common among family members and close associates, both related genetically and unrelated (such as spouses). 6. Most patients experience weight gain after disease onset. 7. Micro-angiomas appear rapidly on skin after illness onset in most. 8. Fever is recurrent in at least half of those affected. 9. The first illness sign may be the sudden appearance of persistent itching. Ulcerative lesions follow in some cases. 10. Once dermal symptoms begin, patients experience extrusion of unfamiliar material described variously as filamentous, fuzz balls, black or white flecks or rice grains. 11. Numerous CNS effects occur, that includes bizarre cranial nerve phenomena, anxiety and emotional sequelae. The former tend to be transient. 12. Numerous Peripheral Nervous System findings appear after illness onset. Unlike CNS effects, these are serious, permanent and progressive, and include sensory and motor nerves. 13. All Morgellons have elevated heart rate (>72 BPM) and low body temperature by oral thermometry (<97.5 degrees F). 14. Orthostatic intolerance is intermittent but common in most. 15. Most have some formally diagnosable emotional illness that begins with or becomes apparent after Morgellons disease onset. 16. Endocrine abnormality number and type is higher than background. Most common are Diabetes Type II, Hashimotos Thyroiditis, hyperparathyroidism and adrenal hypofunction. 17. Most have elevated fasting insulin levels accompanied by elevated TNF-alpha (insulin receptor blocker) [15,16]. 18. Common clinical laboratory abnormalities include: a. RBCs have abnormal morphology. On manual examination, RBCs were non-discoid, varied in color and size. b. Natural Killer Cell (CD 56 + CD 16) number and function are very low in most. c. A/G ratio and globulin level are frequently elevated. d. Sedimentation Rate and ANA are extremely low despite other common autoimmune-like conditions. e. Elevated cytokines include: TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, IL-6, C Reactive Protein, Homocysteine and serum Leptin.


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19. Despite no fact-based Case Definition of Delusions of Parasitosis (DP), each of our 25 patients could have been given such an illness label as well. As pointed out by Trabert in a meta-analysis of 1,223 DP cases and others, most DP data were taken from isolated cases. Psychiatricskewed labels were common such as psychocutaneous disease, acarophobia and monosymptomatic hypochondriasis with no serious search for consistent physical abnormalities or microscopic parasitic agents [17] The specific agent candidates will not be addressed further until evidence of their presence is available and their presence can explain the signs and symptoms we now find in all Morgellons patients. There remains considerable work to do in collecting more data from these patients to create a credible Morgellons disease Case Definition. We submit that the same holds true for Delusions of Parasitosis patients [3]. Much of that work may be now under way by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) through contract with Kaiser Permanentes Northern California Division of Research. [ unexplaineddermopathy/] Meanwhile, the consistent abnormal findings in the data above may be used to improve clinical diagnosis and possibly initial treatment in current patients. Perhaps of considerable importance to a journal dedicated to Case Reports is what the juxtaposition of Morgellons disease and Delusions of Parasitosis suggests. As noted by Trabert in his meta-analysis, creating a Case definition primarily from isolated cases allows uncontrolled use of assumptions that vary considerably in order to keep an unresolved conclusion constant. Where many cases are used, consistency of similar data forces a far more valid and consistent conclusion [14,20]. Until the machinery of science is in full gear and provides understanding of this phenomenon, simply paying attention, maintaining skepticism, practicing a simple physical exam and using commercial laboratories judiciously must suffice. Once the breadth and severity of what we are encountering is understood, the resources and motivation for its solution should come. When sufficient, we anticipate the framework of several medical specialties may be modified. Consent Written informed consent statements were obtained from the patients for publication of this case report. The copies of the written consent are available for review by the Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Medical Case Reports. Competing interests The authors declare that they do not have any competing interests.


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Authors contributions WH crafted the submission in its final form, including the cover letter, abstract, title page and references, drafted the summary and conclusions, and submitted the package to JMCR. RB assisted with the completion of the entire submission and was responsible for all sections addressing psychiatric elements of the illness, particularly references to Delusions of Parasitosis. More will follow in paper #2.DM was responsible for all references to known parasite species and all conclusion statements considering parasitosis. AW analyzed all micrographs from several fluid and tissue sources for pathogen identification and contributed data from his own pool of anonymous UK patients for context. RR obtained medical histories and systems review from all series patients and applied her FBI forensics scrutiny training to complete a second physical examination on each patient. ML is the creator of the current Morgellons label and concept, and until characterized systematically, its sole authority. She created the Morgellons registration website, and modified this submission for consistency with the 1300+ site registrants. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Acknowledgements None. References
1. Kellett C: Sir Thomas Browne and the Disease called the Morgellons. Annals of Medical History 1935, 7:467-479. 2. Robles DT et al.: Delusional disorders in dermatology: a brief review. Dermatol Online J 2008, 14:2. 3. Berrios GE: Delusional parasitosis and physical disease. Compr Psychiatry 1985, 26:395-403. 4. Szepietowski JC et al.: Delusional parasitosis in dermatological practice. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2007, 21:462-465. 5. Nicolato R et al.: Delusional parasitosis or Ekbom syndrome: a case series. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2006, 28:85-87. 6. Aw DC, Thong JY, Chan HL: Delusional parasitosis: case series of 8 patients and review of the literature. Ann Acad Med Singapore 2004, 33:89-94. 7. Koo J, Gambla C: Delusions of parasitosis and other forms of monosymptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis. General discussion and case illustrations. Dermatol Clin 1996, 14:429-438. 8. Johnson GC, Anton RF: Delusions of parasitosis: differential diagnosis and treatment. South Med J 1985, 78:914-918. 9. Amato Neto et al.: Ekbom syndrome (delusory parasitosis): ponderations on two cases. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2007, 49:395-396. 10. Bouree P, Benattar B, Perivier S: Ekbom syndrome or delusional


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parasitosis. Rev Prat 2007, 57:585-589. 11. Savely VR, Leitao MM, Stricker RB: The mystery of Morgellons disease: infection or delusion? Am J Clin Dermatol 2006, 7:1-5. 12. Podsiadly E, Chmielewski T, Tylewska-Wierzbanowska S: Bartonella henselae and Borrelia burgdorferi infections of the central nervous system. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2003, 990:404-406. 13. Brouqui P et al.: Ectoparasitism and vector-borne diseases in 930 homeless people from Marseilles. Medicine (Baltimore) 2005, 84:61-68. 14. Aaron LA, Buchwald D: A review of the evidence for overlap among unexplained clinical conditions. Ann Intern Med 2001, 134:868-881. 15. Holden RJ, Pakula IS, Mooney PA: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha: a continuum of liability between insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and carcinoma (review). Med Hypotheses 1999, 52:319-323. 16. Nishimura M et al.: Role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in insulin sensitivity and effect of low protein diet on the TNFalpha response in patients with diabetic renal failure. Nippon Jinzo Gakkai Shi 1997, 39:740-745. 17. Trabert W: Epidemiology of delusional ectoparasitic infestation. Nervenarzt 1991, 62:165-169. 18. Ewald PW: The evolution of virulence. Sci Am 1993, 268:86-93. 19. Ruchlis H: Clear Thinking: a practical introduction. 1st edition. 1990, Buffalo, NY: Promethius Books, 1990:271. 20. Trabert W: 100 years of delusional parasitosis. Meta-analysis of 1,223 case reports. Psychopathology 1995, 28:238-246.

APPENDIX TABLES OF RESULTS NOTE: These tables are a first level summary of the complete basic data set except for physical examination findings that are summarized above. Although subjectivity has been introduced, we have attempted to keep it separate as footnotes.

Table A. Basic Background Data

Demographics: Countries of Origin: U.S., U.K., Canada, Japan Male:Female ratio approximate 50:50 Age Range: 10-75 years 24/25 were Caucasian Urban:Rural ratio = 50:50 Past Medical History 11 our of 25 were diagnosed with bipolar disease


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7 our to 25 were diagnosed with adult ADD 1 out of 15 were diagnosed with schizophrenia Common childhood illnesses were absent regardless of vaccination status 19 out of 25 had been given general anesthesia at least once 9 out of 25 had prior orthopedic surgery 6 out of 25 had other prior surgery for chronic inflammatory dis eases (appendix, gallbladder) 50% were married 50% were single 28% were smokers one routinely exercised Illness History Time from initiation to full onset Exposure to unhygienic conditions occurred several days to several weeks prior to illness onset Patients claimed relative healthiness prior to Morgellons onset. No consistent recognized prodrome heralded onset of the illness Allergy symptoms were rare Activating stressor event was present in 1 out of 3 cases Table B: Review of Symptoms Dermatologic 24% of patients had dark filaments visibly protruding from the skin 17 out of 25 had frequent skin eruptions/rashes Just over 50% experienced no movement sensations Only 50% itched regularly 72% has angiomata appear Metabolic Average weight gain after onset: 33 lbs. 20 out of 25 experienced regular high levels of fatigue Immune 12 out of 25 had cyclical fever 18 out of 25 reported numerous angiomas verified by examination 10 out of 25 reported many colds annually 8 out of 25 reported chronic sinusitis 4 out of 25 reported frequent sore throats over a period of years 2 out of 25 reported frequent toothaches


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Musculo-skelteal 15 out of 25 reported frequent neck pain 10 out of 25 had persistent limited neck movement 22 out of 25 had chronic musculoskeletal pain, without arthritis Pain was constant and incapacitating in 1/3 of patients Emotional Half reported anxiety Half reported frequent mood swings Half reported frequent depression Central Nervous System Over half had frequent headaches 10 out of 25 had unstable visual acuity including double vision 10 out of 25 reported visual flashes (not characterized) in either daylight or dark emotional liability in half of patients 1/3 reported frequent dizziness 1/3 reported permanent hearing loss (degree not determined) 40% reported tinnitus 20 out of 25 reported frequent occurrence of forgetfulness 12 out of 25 had persistent regional skin numbness 6 out of 25 had persistent tremors 25% were intolerant to cold and 25% intolerant to heat 10 out of 25 reported sweating inappropriately (either under or over sweating) Endrocrine 8 out of 25 had prior diagnosis of Hashimotos Thyroiditis 50% had hypercalcernia, 3 of whom had parathyroid adenomas Fasting insulin levels were elevated in all tested (6 of 25) Corticotrophin Releasing Hormone (CRH) levels were elevated in all tested Gasto-Intestinal 50% had constipation of diarrhea, or both (overlap was common) 25% had chronic nausea Pulmonary Persistent cough (non-productive, non-wheezing) in 9 out of 25 Persistent dyspnea in 7 out fo 25 Other Urine stream control problems in 6 out of 25


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Table C. Vital Signs and Laboratory Data Vital Signs Average Temp 97.51 degrees F Average pulse 85.32 BPM Laboratory Data Unidentified lymphatic filamentous clusters were found in 4 pa tients. 50% were positive for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato either by CDC Western Blot(WB) criteria. EUCALB WB (IgM P31 and 34 added), or IFA 4 patients were seropositive for Babesia microti 92% were seropositive for Chlomydia pneumonia (Chp) Lab Parameters WBC RBC HGB ABNL INDICES % SEGS %MONOS %EOS NK# (CD56/57) NK% (CD56/57) GLU (Random) BUN CREAT SODIUM CHLORIDE CO2 CALCIUM T. PROT ALBUMIN GLOBULIN A/G RATIO ALK PHOS AST ALT SED RATE ANA (Positive) 1 ADSDNA-AB (Positive) Laboratory Values 6.76 (2.9-10.5) 4.89 (3.90-5.70) 16.36 (11.6-17.0) 28% 58.2 6.89 1.85 71.85 11.2 97.95 (Random range 73-99) 13.57 (9-26) 0.86 (0.3-0.9) 141.65 (137-146) 105.09 (96-111) 26.09 (22-31) 9.675 (8.8-10.3) 7.32 (6.2-8.2) 4.68 (3.7-5.0 3.7 (2.2-3.5) 2.63 (1.2-2.0) 97.74 (40-99) 28.73 (17-49) 30.95 (12-46) 11.39 (2-20) 0


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One Low IgG Subclass TSH ATA POS IL-IA HIV POS CRP IL-IB IL-6 TNF-a TGF-b 108 LEPTIN 4 2.14 (0.4-4.5) 0 51.2 (25-150) 1 3.44 (<0.81 mg/dl.) 113.83 (<150) 3.48 (0-8.1) 16.92 (0-8.1) 0-100 (pg/dL) 13.55 (0.7-5.3 M)

1 Suggests Borrelia may contribute to some cases of Morgellons disease. 2 Suggests Babesia is uncommon in most Morgellons disease cases. 3 Suggests Chlamydia pneumonia (Chp) is one candidate for the initial etiology of Morgellons disease via generation of an immunodeficiency state. 4 Lab tests were drawn at 6,100 feet MSL (above mean sea level). 5 RBC characteristics were adjusted for elevation. All indices should be normal. 6 Lower than regional mean of 66%. 7 Slightly higher than regional mean of 28%. 8 Much higher than regional mean of 3.0%. 9 Although a broad normal range exists for NK number, our clinical experience supports that consistently healthy individuals who rarely experience viral syndromes have NK # > 200. Our patients range is not infrequently below 10. This suggests one component of an immune deficiency state. 10 Well above regional mean of 84. 11 Well above regional mean of 0.6. 12 Although clearly within range at 6,100 ft. MSL, the mean of more than 100 similar patients tested near sea level (2001-2004) was 18 (21-28 anticipated). As low CO2 level translates to low serum bicarbonate level, this suggests required buffering to lower acidity. Although there are several causes of elevated serum acidity, many of these patients underwent overnight studies for sleep apnea that revealed consistent low breathing rate raising PCO2. No such formal test was included in testing these patients although we believe such testing would be highly revealing. 13 Despite this average being satisfactory, 7 of the 25 patients tested were between 10.0 and 10.6. Three of 25 patients were found to have parathyroid adenomas. 14 Greater than 5.0 in 9 of 25. 15 The converse of immune deficiency, however, suggests that a possible chronic infectious state may have been operant that could intermittently activate humoral immunity. 16 Commonly above 2.0. As globulin is elevated and albumin is clearly not low, the ratio elevation is driven somehow by the albumin. This is presently a paradox. 17 Average is high normal and well above the regional mean of 68. Suggests skeletal involvement in the disease, although liver involvement is possible. Most Morgellons patients have shown evidence of osteopenia or osteoporosis when randomly tested despite age. Bone density was not determined in these 25 patients. We believe doing so would be valuable. 18 Argues against an autoimmune role, particularly as 5 out of 25 were 0, and all were


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less than 20. 19 Despite this normal finding, Hashimotos Thyroiditis is common in larger similar groups of Morgellons. Further evaluation of the HP axis and the endocrine system in general should be included in any future studies. 20 Currently used to assess cardiac risk in three stages. In this context, we are assessing chronic inflammation. This average supports the presence of a persistent inflammatory process that parallels physical evidence of vasculitis. 21 Five >150, suggests cytokine activation and possible inflammatory effect. 22 High-normal. 11 out of 25 >3.6, suggests cytokine activation and possible inflammatory effect. 23 Definite elevation in 92%. Most commonly corresponds to insulin receptor blockade and to chronic inflammatory effects. 24 Elevation of Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGF-beta) can occur when pathological events diminish its protective growth modulating effects on various tissues. This test result parallels evidence of excessive growth processes observed in these patients such as numerous angiomata, skin tags, nevi, and regions of increased epidermis density. 25 Consistently elevated in most male and female study patients. Parallels the gain in body fat and angiogenesis experienced by most following illness onset. END

I am most grateful to all the physicians, RNs and other medical professionals who have listened, who do understand and who work towards finding the answers to this horrid condition. I get very upset, understandably so, with all the doctors I have consulted in the last 12 years. It is my most sincere hope that this book, the work of the above people and others that someday soon there will no longer be a patient scorned when they seek help for fiber diseases.


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A Great physician and philosopher Albert Schweitzer said Man has lost the capacity to foresee and to forestall. He will end by destroying the earth

Chapter Three
My ongoing pursuit for answers and healing... Lead me to Genetically Engineered Organisms
I am most grateful to the work of Professor Mae-Wan Ho, Professor Joe Cummins and the rest of the people involved at the Institute of Science in Society ( They work tirelessly to help society in teaching about the dangers of genetically engineered organisms, about the value of sustainable agricultural practices for the benefit of the world. I have used some of their articles with permission. Please join their online newsletter and contribute to their very worthy work. Thanks to them and Professor Vitaly Citovosky, Stoney Brook University in New York (SUNY) and the Morgellons Research Foundation I learned that genetically modified food may be the another link to Morgellons etiology Morgellons may be the first disease actually proven to be from GMOs time will tell if this proves to be certain. Seven of seven Morgellons patients tested positive for the agobacterium in their tissues.

Making the Connection to Genetically Modified Organisms

ISIS Press Release 28/04/08 Agrobacterium & Morgellons Disease, A GM Connection? Preliminary findings suggest a link between Morgellons Disease and Agrobacterium, a soil bacterium extensively manipulated and


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used in making GM crops; has genetic engineering created a new epidemic? Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Prof. Joe Cummins CDC launch investigation on Morgellons Disease The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in the United States announced the launch of an investigation on Morgellons Disease in January 2008 [1], after receiving thousands of complaints from people with this bewildering condition, which it describes as follows [2]: Persons who suffer from this unexplained skin condition report a range of cutaneous (skin) symptoms including crawling, biting and stinging sensations; granules, threads, fibers, or black speck-like materials on or beneath the skin, and/or skin lesions (e.g., rashes or sores). In addition to skin manifestations, some sufferers also report fatigue, mental confusion, short term memory loss, joint pain, and changes in visions. Morgellons Disease first became known in 2001, when Mary Leitao created a web site describing the illness in her young son, which she named after a 17th century medical study in France describing similar symptoms [3]. Until then, people with Morgellons Disease have been diagnosed as cases of delusional parasitosis, in which the symptoms are deemed entirely imaginary, and lesions allegedly due to self-inflicted wounds. Indeed, the debate over Morgellons Disease has continued in the pages of medical and scientific journals right up to the CDCs announcement [4-7] Dr. Michele Pearson, principal investigator for the CDC said [1] that the primary goals of the study are to learn more about who may be affected with this condition, the symptoms they experience and to look for clues about factors that might contribute to the condition, adding that the condition is complex, and may be due to multiple factors. In response to questions from journalists at the CDC press conference, Pearson said: We are aware that many patients have suffered from this condition. And, I can tell you that here at CDC, we have really been seeing an increasing number of these reports over the past year or so.


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CDCs investigation is to be carried out in conjunction with Kaiser Permanentes Northern California Division of Research and the US Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Dr. Joe Selby, Director of the Kaiser Permanentes Northern California Division of Research, said the study would proceed in three stages. In the first stage, they will identify all members who may have seen a Kaiser Permanente physician with symptoms suggestive of this condition at any point during the 18 months between July 1 2006 and December 31, 2007, and determine whether they meet eligibility criteria for the study. In stage two, all eligible members will be invited to complete a comprehensive web based or telephone survey conducted by the CDC that examines the duration and severity of a variety of symptoms. And in stage three, those with active symptoms will be invited to the division of research for an extensive clinical examination including collection of skin biopsies, blood and urine samples. In a paper [6] published in 2006, researchers from the Morgellons Research Foundation [3] identified the states of California, Texas and Florida as having the highest number of cases of Morgellons disease in the United States. Primary clusters were noted in Los Angeles and San Francisco (California) and Houston, Dallas and Austin (Texas). California accounted for 26 percent of cases in the US, but all 50 US states and 15 other nations, including Canada, the UK, Australia, and the Netherlands, have reported cases of Morgellons disease. The two main occupational groups reporting symptoms are nurses and teachers, with nurses outnumbering teachers three to one. The risk factor common to both groups is suspected to be the possibility of transmitted infectious agents. Skin lesions and fibres may not be readily apparent in all individuals with the disease, as family members of patients often report similar systemic disease symptoms without skin symptoms. Families in which all members are affected often have suspected simultaneous exposure to an inciting agent. Contact with soil or waste products appears to be associated with the disease. Cases have been reported in cats and dogs, as well as horses. What finally prompted CDC to investigate the disease? The Morgellons Research Foundation [3] was set up in 2002 in honour of Mary Leitao, the Foundations executive director. It publicises the plight of patients with similar conditions and operates a registry


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of afflicted families. The Foundation also funds scientific research. It has a Medical Advisory Board of seven with M.D. degree and two with nursing degrees. In addition, it has a Board of Nursing with five other nurses, and a Scientific Advisory Board of six scientists, all with Ph.D. degree; one of which is Vitaly Citovsky. It may have been Citovskys discovery last year that finally persuaded the CDC to announce an investigation.

The Agrobacterium Connection

Vitaly Citovsky is a professor of molecular and cell biology at Stony Brook University in New York (SUNY). He is a world authority on the genetic modification of cells by Agrobacterium, a soil bacterium causing crown gall disease in plants, that has been widely used in creating genetically modified (GM) plants since the 1980s because of its ability to transfer a piece of its genetic material, the T-DNA on its tumour-inducing (Ti) plasmid to the plant genome (see later for details). Citovskys team took scanning electron microscope pictures of the fibres in or extruding from the skin of patients suffering from Morgellons disease, confirming that they are unlike any ordinary natural or synthetic fibres (see Fig. 1, assembled from Citovskys website [8]). View details on Morgellons Research Foundation Figure 1. Scanning electron microscope images of fibres from skin biopsies of patients with Morgellons Disease - a, white fibre with calcite, scale bar 1000m; b, green fibre with alumina rock protruding, scale bar 2000m; c, various ribbon-like, cylindrical and faceted fibres all coated with minerals, scale bar 10 0m; d, skin lesion with fibres stabbing through the epidermis, scale bar 300 0m They also analysed patients for Agrobacterium DNA. Skin biopsy samples from Morgellons patients were subjected to high-stringency polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests for genes encoded by the Agrobacterium chromosome and also for Agrobacterium virulence (vir) genes and T-DNA on its Ti plasmid. They found that all Morgellons patients screened to date have tested positive for the presence of Agrobacterium, whereas this microorganism has not been detected in any of the samples derived from the control, healthy individuals. Their preliminary conclusion is that Agrobacterium may be involved in the etiology and/or progression of


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Morgellons Disease. The unpublished findings have been posted on a website [8] since January 2007. They were further publicized in the first ever Morgellons conference in Austin Texas, attended by 100 in March 2008 [9]. A growing list of people are registered with Morgellons Disease, totalling 12 106 worldwide recorded by Morgellons Research Foundation [3], as of 12 April 2008. San Francisco physician, Raphael Stricker, one of only a few doctors who believe the disease is real, said [9]. Theres almost always some history of exposure to dirt basically either from gardening or camping or something. He is one of the co-authors on the Agrobacterium research done in SUNY, which reported finding Agrobacterium DNA in all 5 Morgellons patients studied. Stricker suggests it is transmitted by ticks, like Lyme disease, and in a recent survey of 44 Morgellons patients in San Francisco, 43 of them also tested positive for the bacterium causing Lyme disease. Another factor consistent with Agrobacterium being a causative agent, if not the causative agent, is that when patients are treated with antibacterials for their Lyme disease, remission of Morgellons symptoms is seen in most of them [6]. Stricker also told his audience that Agrobacterium lives in the soil, and is known to cause infections in animals and human beings with compromised immune systems. It can cause skin lesions when injected into Swiss mice, a strain that is immune deficient, he said. At this point, the findings on the Agrobacterium connection are still preliminary, as only seven patients have been studied. Nevertheless, the implications are far-reaching if this connection is confirmed, as existing evidence (reviewed below) suggests a link between Agrobacterium and genetic engineering in the creation of new disease agents, and it is paramount for the CDC investigation to include this aspect, if only to rule it out.

Agrobacterium and the genetic engineering connection

Agrobacterium not only infects human and other animal cells, it also transfers genes into them. It was SUNY professor Citovsky and his team that made the discovery some years ago [10]. Until then, the genetic engineering community had


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assumed that Agrobacterium did not infect animal cells, and certainly would not transfer genes into them. Agrobacterium was found to transfer T-DNA into the chromosomes of human cells. In stably transformed HeLa cells, the integration occurred at the right border of the T-DNA, exactly as would happen when it is being transferred into a plant cell genome, suggesting that Agrobacterium transforms human cells by a mechanism similar to that involved in transforming plants cells (see Box 1). Human cancer cells, neurons and kidney cells were all transformed with the Agrobacterium T-DNA. Commenting on this research in 2001, Joe Cummins had warned of hazards to laboratory and farm workers [11] (i-sis news11/12)

The Agrobacterium vector system for gene transfer

Since the discovery in the 1970s that Agrobacterium can transfer genes into plants causing crown gall disease, the soil bacterium has been developed into a vector for inserting desirable genes into the plant genome to create transgenic (GM) plants [12]. Agrobacterium transfers T-DNA a small region of approximately 5 to 10 percent of a resident tumour-inducing (Ti) or root-inducing (Ri) plasmid into numerous species of plants; and as later turns out, also to fungi, algae, and even animal and human cells [13, 14] (see main text). Transfer requires three major elements [13]: T-DNA border direct repeat sequences of 25 base pairs that flank the T-DNA and delineate the region transferred into the host, the virulence (vir) genes located on the Ti/Ri plasmid, and various genes on the bacterial chromosome. Plant genes are also involved in the successful integration of T-DNA [15]. The T-DNA contains oncogenes (cancer genes or gene for forming tumours) and genes for synthesizing opines; none of which is essential for T-DNA transfer, so they can be deleted and replaced with genes of interest and selectable markers. Furthermore, the vir genes and T-DNA region need not be on the same replicating plasmid. This gave rise to the binary vector systems in which T-DNA and the vir genes are located on separate


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replicating units. The T-DNA containing unit is the binary vector and contains also the origin(s) of replication that could function both in E. coli and Agrobacterium tumefaciens, and antibiotic resistance marker genes used to select for the presence of the binary vector in bacteria. The replicating unit containing the vir genes is the helper plasmid. Strains of Agrobacterium harbouring the two separate units are considered disarmed if they do not contain oncogenes that could be transferred to a plant. The association of Morgellons Disease with dirt and soil where Agrobacterium lives, the widespread use of Agrobacterium in genetic engineering of plants, and the ability of Agrobacterium to infect human cells, all point towards a possible role of genetic engineering in the aetiology of Morgellans disease via Agrobacterium. Extensive genetic manipulation of Agrobacterium does have the potential to transform it into an aggressive human pathogen. Genetic engineering is nothing if not enhanced and facilitated horizontal gene transfer and recombination, which is widely acknowledged to be the main route for creating new pathogens. Mae-Wan Ho was among an international panel of scientists have raised this very issue in 1998, calling for a public enquiry into the possible contributions of genetic engineering biotechnology to the aetiology of infectious diseases which has greatly increased since genetic engineering began in the 1970s [16]. The epidemiological data of Morgellons Disease are very incomplete, and the Morgellons Research Foundations registry of more than 12 000 families afflicted worldwide is almost certainly only a fraction of the emerging epidemic. Still, it is significant that the majority of the cases are in the United States, the first country to release GM crops and remaining the top producer ever since. There are other findings implicating Agrobacterium in transgenic plants released into the environment, particularly during the early years of field trials, when knowledge was poor and safety measures not as stringent as they may be today. Agrobacterium persists in transgenic plants and is a vehicle for gene escape By the late 1990s, the Agrobacterium vector system became very widely used, and many GM crops created were commercially


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released. Scientists at the Kinsealy Research and Development Centre in Dublin, Ireland, and the Scottish Crop Research Institute in Dundee, Scotland, were concerned that the inserted genes in plants would spread to wild populations by cross-pollination or by horizontal gene transfer to unrelated species, which was by then well-documented in the scientific literature. They considered it imperative to address the risk posed in using Agrobacterium as a tool in genetic engineering [17], given its ability to transfer genes to plants. The transformation procedure involves inoculating the cells or tissue explants with Agrobacterium and co-cultivation the plant cells and bacterium for a short period, followed by the elimination of the bacterium with antibiotics. However, if all the bacteria were not eliminated, then release of these plants may also result in release of the Agrobacterium [with the foreign genes], which will serve as a vehicle for further gene escape, at least to other Agrobacterium strains naturally present in the soil. Although various antibiotics have been used to eliminate Agrobacterium following transformation, the researchers stated that very few authors actually test to ensure that the antibiotics succeed. The difficulty is compounded because the bacterium can remain latent within the plant tissue. So putting transgenic plant material into culture medium without antibiotics and finding no Agrobacterium is no guarantee that the transgenic plant is free of the bacterium, as was often assumed. In their study, they investigated the ability of antibiotics to eliminate Agrobacterium tumefaciens after transformation in three model systems: Brassica (mustard), Solanum (potato), and Rubus (raspberry). The antibiotics carbenicillin, cefataxime and ticaracillin were used respectively to eliminate the bacterium at four times the minimum bactericidal concentration, as recommended. They found that none of the antibiotic succeeded in eliminating Agrobacterium. The contamination levels increased from 12 to 16 weeks to such an extent that transgenic Solanum cultures senesced and died. Contamination in shoot material decreased over 16 to 24 weeks


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possibly because only the apical node was used in further culture, but even that did not eliminate Agrobacterium from all the samples; 24 percent remained contaminated at 24 weeks. The binary vector was also present under non-selective conditions up to 6 months after transformation, where approximately 50 percent of contaminated material still harboured bacterial cells with the binary vector at high levels of about 107 colony forming units per gram. The researchers pointed out: Here is where the possibility of gene escape arises. The presence of the disarmed Agrobacterium in the tissue would not be a problem if the binary vector had been lost, but now its survival and spread are real possibilities. The binary vector contains the foreign genes as well as antibiotic resistance marker gene(s). There is no limit to the foreign genes that can be inserted into the binary vector. A few years earlier, a research group in Israel had inserted a viroid that causes disease in citrus fruits into the disarmed Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium and used that to infect and transform several plant species including tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Gynura aurantiaca, avocado (Persea americana), and grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) grafted on Troyer citrange (Pancirus trifoliate x C. sinensis) [18]. Extracts prepared from tissues of the infected plants 38-90 days after inoculation were plated on selective media and found to contain large amounts of the engineered bacteria. The researchers warned of newly formed combinations of persistently transmitted viruses coupled with the opportunistic and systemically moving Agrobacterium vector infectious to a wide host range might eventually cause infection and damage to crop plants or natural vegetation that are not presently visited by the traditional vectors of the virus disease. In other words, Agrobacterium persisting in transgenic plants released into the environment has the potential to spread new diseases, and to plants that normally would not be infected by the disease agents. At the time, the researchers did not know that Agrobacterium would also infect animals and humans, and could spread new diseases to them as well. Have these warnings been heeded by other researchers? There is no evidence they have been taken on board. Agrobacterium has since been shown to transform at least 80 different non-plant spe-


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cies including yeasts and other fungi, algae, mammalian and human cells, also the gram positive bacterium Streptomyces lividans. In a recent review, the researchers stated [14]: Future research has to show whether Agrobacterium-mediated transformation contributed to horizontal gene transfer between microorganisms in the rhizosphere. But there is already evidence suggesting that Agrobacterium can indeed engage in horizontal gene transfer with a wide range of bacteria in the soil. (For more on horizontal gene transfer see [19] Horizontal Gene Transfer from GMOs Does Happen, SiS 38) Agrobacterium gene transfer mechanisms similar to conjugation in bacteria Ho first alerted regulators to the potential of Agrobacterium contaminating GM plants to facilitate the escape of transgenes in 2003 (see Living with the Fluid Genome [20] and The Case for A GM-Free Sustainable World [21] ISIS publications). By then, Gayle Ferguson and Jack Heinemann at the University of Canterbury, Christchurh, New Zealand, had already pointed out in a review that the process whereby Agrobacterium injects T-DNA into plant cells strongly resembles conjugation, the normal mating process between bacteria [22]. Conjugation, mediated by certain bacterial plasmids, depends on a sequence called the origin of transfer (oriT) on the DNA transferred. All other functions - called tra for trans-acting functions can be supplied from unlinked sources. Thus, disabled plasmids with no trans-acting functions, can nevertheless be transferred by helper plasmids, the same as the binary vector system of Agrobacterium (Box 1). The resemblance does not stop there. The left and right borders of T-DNA are similar to oriT and can be replaced by it. Furthermore, the disarmed T-DNA binay vector, lacking oncogenes as well as virulence genes, can be helped by similar genes belonging to many other pathogenic bacteria. The trans-kingdom gene transfer apparatus of Agrobacterium and the conjugative systems of bacteria are both involved in transporting macromolecules, not just DNA but also protein. Thus, transgenic plants with contaminating Agrobacterium [20] have a ready route for horizontal gene escape, via Agrobacteri-


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

um, helped by the ordinary conjugative mechanisms of many other bacteria that cause diseases, which are present in the environment. In the process, new and exotic disease agents could be created. Investigations on the role of Agrobacterium in Morgellons Disease urgently needed. The investigation launched by the CDC needs to clarify the role of Agrobacterium in the aetiology of Morgellons Disease as a matter of urgency. This should include: Molecular characterization of Agrobacterium DNA sequences in Morgellans Disease patients Design of suitable probes for diagnostic purposes and for monitoring soil samples and other suspected sources of infection Introduction of stringent tests for Agrobacterium contamination for all transgenic plants already released or about to be released into the environment. References in rear of book


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Chapter Four Where were/are the Protectors of our Health?

Think about this: We have had our very DNA/RNA pirated, damaged FOREVER and this is not only destroying our health now it can affect generations for years to come. We have been robbed of billions of years of evolutionary protection in one decade. The protectors of our health allowed this to happen. Oops! Sorryjust does not seem to be adequate. GM foods continue to occupy 80% of our grocery stores shelves. In 2009 Bernard Madoff pleaded guilty to the $65 billion ponzi scheme which robbed many hundreds of people of their wealth. He likely is considered the bad guy of the decade by many. We the people paid for agencies to protect us from just this sort of illegal activity. Yet, even though those protectors of our wealth were fully informed ten years prior to the downfall of Madoff s operation our trusted protectors did absolutely nothing to protect anyones wealth. Oops! Sorry folks we messed up. Before genetically modified organisms were introduced into the US and world food supply more than 12 years ago, highly educated scientists have been telling the protectors of our health STOP .... STOP please dont let this happen. Many countries did listen and refused to allow the GM foods, feeds and agricultural practices to infect and infest their soil, water, air, insects, animals and DNA! But not the protectors of our health in the good ole USA because our protectors have only one agenda which has been only to protect the wealth of the corporate giants who created this IRREVERSIBLE DNA damage! Oops! Sorrywe messed up AGAIN. We might all die as a result of this one folks! Just ask the bees how this is working out for them. (In case you do not know the answer to this 60-75% of the bees have recently died.) And on a personal note: I have a flowering crab apple tree that was full of blossoms this year and previously it was also full of beesNONE this springZERO bees came to the tree! Once you realize what the protectors of our health have allowed and continue to allow this travesty to continue you will see that this biotech 97

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness and nonotech industry makes Bernard Madoff look like a saint. Bernard Madoff knew what he was doing right from the beginning, these companies involved in the destruction of our ecosystem may not have fully realized what they were doing back in the very beginning but they certainly know what is going on now and yet they persist. The destruction of our health is of less value than the corporate profits. The destruction of the entire biology of life as it evolved over billions of years has been destroyed by this greedy nano/biotech industry all in the name of progress. They are ethically and morally bankrupt but rather then taking billions of dollars from a small group of people like Barnard Madoff did, these companies have stolen our DNA/RNA and injected it with bacteria, viruses, fungus and we ALL eat it and get sick, and tired, and chronically ill for unknown reasons...and we ALL are getting taken for the ride! Unknowingly and innocently we have had our health stolen from us by the mad scientists and the franken-feeds were designed for our health....OR their wealth ? You decide.

Warning after Warning for the past 10 Years fall on deaf ears

Mae-Wan Ho Ph.D. 1999 Speech Santa Barbara Town Hall, 26 October, 1999 The Institute of Science in Society website:

Trying to WARN about dangers of GMO in our food supply - 1999

What do you get when you cross a spider with a goat?
I joined the biotechnology debate in 1994, partly because my friends from the Third World Network inspired me with their ideals of restoring to the world equity, justice, and all other qualities that make us human, and partly because I felt something had to be done to overcome the misinformation and disinformation put out by the biotech industry and their supporters. The situation is this: the existing technologies for genetic engineering organisms are crude, unreliable, uncontrollable and


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unpredictable, and they are inherently hazardous. Furthermore, these technologies are misguided by a science which is fundamentally flawed, out of date and in conflict with scientific findings. Let me explain what I mean. The public are told that genetic engineering organisms is no different from conventional breeding, only more precise, faster and safer. All of which is untrue. You know the children's joke of what do you get when you cross impossible things like a spider with a goat? Part of the joke is knowing you can't because there are biological barriers between species which only allow one to cross closely related species such as horse and donkey, for example. Genetic engineering bypasses all these barriers, so that joke is obsolete. Genetic engineering is a set of techniques which enables genes to be transferred in the laboratory between any and every species. Indeed, spider genes have been transferred into goats to make the poor female goats produce silk in their milk, and human genes have been transferred into cows, sheep, mice, fish and bacteria. New genes are also transferred into our crops, many of them from viruses and bacteria that cause diseases, including genes that make bacteria resistant to antibiotics so infections can't be treated. These genes are joined together in combinations that have never existed in nature, and are then introduced into host species using invasive gene-carriers made of bits of the most infectious viruses and other genetic parasites that have the ability to jump into the genome of the host. The genome is just the totality of all the genetic material organized into structures called chromosomes. Unfortunately, the genetic engineer has no control whatever as to where in the genome the foreign genes end up. This random insertion of foreign genes is accompanied by a whole range of collateral damages and unpredictable effects, including cancer in animals and toxins and allergens in plants. More dangerous still, the foreign genes and gene-constructs may spread out of control not only to related species by cross-pollination, but also to unrelated species, by the genetic material itself being taken up. Because the constructs have been designed to jump into genomes, they are more likely to jump out again. Because they have been designed to cross species barriers, they are more likely to do so again. In the course of jumping species, they may pick up other genes to generate new viruses and bacteria


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

that cause diseases, and spread drug and antibiotic resistance genes. The first genetic engineers called for a moratorium in the Asilomar Declaration of the 1970s precisely because they saw the potential of creating new viral and bacterial pathogens. But commercial pressures intervened and they set up guidelines based largely on assumptions, everyone of which has been proved wrong by scientific findings. Since then, drug and antibiotic resistance diseases have also come back with a vengeance. I have written a detailed report together with a number of colleagues questioning the links between commercial genetic engineering and the resurgence of infectious diseases, and demanding an urgent enquiry. It was included in the top ten project censored stories of 1998. The present regulatory system is seriously out of date. It does not recognize, for example, that the genetic material survives in the environment and remains infectious long after the organism is dead, that's why you can get DNA from fossils. Unless it changes direction, the whole biotechnology enterprise has little chance of success, not the least among the reasons being that the scientific paradigm promoting and misguiding the technology has been thoroughly discredited at least ten years before. Genetic has changed out of all recognition, and yet the old paradigm is still dominating the scene. The old paradigm offers a simplistic view that the characteristics or traits of organisms are each tied to specific genes, which are unaffected by one another or by the environment. And that, except for very rare random mutations, the genes are passed on unchanged to the next generation. The biotechnologists failed to take proper account of the plethora of scientific findings within the past 20 years revealing an immense amount of cross-talk between genes. Genes are nothing if not sensitive, dynamic and responsive, to other genes, to the cell or organism in which they find themselves and to the external environment. The layer upon layer of feedback between genes and environment, not only determine whether genes are active or not, but what function and structure they have. Genes can mutate, multiply, rearrange and jump around in response to the environment. They may even jump out of the genome of one organism to infect another one. Geneticists have coined the phrase "the fluid genome" to describe the situation. It is more accurate to see the genes as having a very complicated ecology, and that for genes and genomes to remain constant, you need a balanced ecology. So the new genetics is radi-


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cally ecological and holistic. I referred to genetic engineering biotechnology as a hoax in 1995. This hoax is perpetrated by an unholy alliance between corporate capitalism and the discredited scientific paradigm, which threatens to control every aspect of our lives from the food we eat to the babies we can conceive and give birth to, and human beings we can clone -- all done in the name of scientific progress and free enterprise, but without doubt part of a corporate feudalism that has taken over the world within the past 50 years. Fortunately, the game is up, the bubble has burst. The biotechnology debate has turned into the biggest, most inclusive civil rights movement against the corporate empire. It has united the world, and citizens of the United States are waking up. Farmers across the world are rejecting GM crops: India, Brazil, The Philippines, Thailand, the whole of South Asia and Africa, farmers in France, Belgium and most recently in the United States. There's a farming crisis in the United States, and family farmers are both desperate and angry. Like those in the UK, Belgium, Germany, Italy, in fact all over Europe and in the Third World, they are being driven to destitution and suicide by corporate monopoly. A coalition of family farming groups have issued a strong declaration, demanding an end to GM crops and a ban on patent of life forms and seeds. They are also demanding a moratorium on corporate mergers and acquisitions and an end to legislation that benefit corporations at the expense of farmers, consumers and taxpayers. Farming groups from 30 countries are taking the corporations to court over GM crops - the seed monopoly they bring and the attendant risks to health and agriculture. Worldwide, consumers are saying No to GM crops and products because of valid concerns over safety. Corporate scientists may go on repeating the mantra that there is no evidence of harm, but no one believes them anymore. There's volumes of evidence of harm that all real scientists take seriously, including those advising our own Governments, but are not free to speak out. Look what happened to Dr. Arpad Pusztai, who was sacked from his job and vilified for trying to tell the truth of what he found. Part of their findings has now appeared in The Lan-


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

cet, bearing out his original claim that the GM potatoes investigated were toxic to young rats, and that a significant part of the toxicity is in the genetic engineering process itself. In a letter written by UK MAFF to the US FDA commenting on the latter's draft guideline to industry on the use of antibiotic resistance genes, the UK scientists are warning of genes spreading not just by ordinary cross-pollination to related species, but by the genetic material itself spreading to unrelated species, like I said earlier. These same scientists are pointing out that genetically modified DNA can spread from GM plants, not only to soil bacteria, but by dust and pollen to bacteria in our mouth, our gut and respiratory tracts. They point out that transgenic DNA may even spread to our cells. This can cause genetic damage including cancer. They advised against using GM crops as animal feed because DNA is not readily broken down during processing, nor in the silage. Christian Aid concludes that GM crops and patent protection on seeds will cause unemployment, increase Third World debt, threaten sustainable farming systems and damage the environment. It predicts famine for the poorest countries. The coalition of family farming groups in the United States are warning that the entire agricultural base of the world may collapse. The British Medical Association called for an indefinite moratorium on GM crops pending further studies on new allergies, on the spread of antibiotic resistances and on the effects of transgenic DNA. These concerns over safety and food monopoly are shared by more than 142 scientists from 27 countries who have signed a World Scientists' Statement and written an open letter to all governments calling for a 5 year moratorium and a ban on patents of life-forms. While the 'benefits' from GM crops remain illusory and hypothetical, the successes of sustainable, organic farming are well-documented, in the Third World, in Latin America, in Europe and North America. There is also an enormous 'health bonus' in phasing out agrochemicals which are linked to many forms of cancer, to reproductive abnormalities and degenerative diseases. An organic


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revolution in farming is underway all over the world. What excites me most as a scientist is that there is also an organic revolution going on in western science, which restores and reaffirms the holistic, ecological perspectives that many traditional indigenous cultures have never lost touch with. I'll be talking about that at the Bioneers Conference in San Francisco later this week. This organic revolution in western science will put an end to the dominant culture that treats organisms as machines and life and life-necessities as commodities, that glorifies competition and sanctions exploitation in the name of the struggle for survival of the fittest. Instead, we begin to appreciate the universal entanglement of all nature, which will transform the very meaning and texture of our lives. The future looks great. Let's go for it. END SPEECH

Open Letter from World Scientists to All Governments

In 2000 an open letter from World Scientists to many Governments Concerning Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) was sent with 828 names from 84 diffent countries. The scientists are extremely concerned about the hazards of GMOs to biodiversity, food safety, human and animal health, and demand a moratoriumon environmental releases in accordance with the precautionary principle. They are opposed to GM crops that will intensify corporate monopoly, exacerbate inequality and prevent the essential shift to sustainable agriculture that can provide food security and health around the world. They call for a ban on patents of life-forms and living processes which threaten food security, sanction biopiracy of indigenous knowledge and genetic resources and violate basic human rights and dignity. They want more support on research and development of non-corporate, sustainable agriculture that can benefit family farmers all over the world. Their letter follows: 103

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Open Letter from World Scientists to All Governments

1.9.2000 Summary We, the undersigned scientists, call for the immediate suspension of all environmental releases of GM crops and products, both commercially and in open field trials, for at least 5 years; for patents on living processes, organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes to be revoked and banned; and for a comprehensive public enquiry into the future of agriculture and food security for all. Patents on life-forms and living processes should be banned because they threaten food security, sanction biopiracy of indigenous knowledge and genetic resources, violate basic human rights and dignity, compromise health care, impede medical and scientific research and are against the welfare of animals. GM crops offer no benefits to farmers or consumers. Instead, many problems have been identified, including yield drag, increased herbicide use, erratic performance, and poor economic returns to farmers. GM crops also intensify corporate monopoly on food, which is driving family farmers to destitution, and preventing the essential shift to sustainable agriculture that can guarantee food security and health around the world The hazards of GMOs to biodiversity and human and animal health are now acknowledged by sources within the UK and US Governments. Particularly serious consequences are associated with the potential for horizontal gene transfer. These include the spread of antibiotic resistance marker genes that would render infectious diseases untreatable, the generation of new viruses and bacteria that cause diseases, and harmful mutations which may lead to cancer. In the Cartegena Biosafety Protocol negotiated in Montreal in January 2000, more than 130 governments have pledged to implement the precautionary principle and to ensure that biosafety legislations at the national and international levels take precedence over trade and financial agreements at the World Trade Organization.


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Successive studies have documented the productivity and the social and environmental benefits of sustainable, low-input and organic farming in both North and South. They offer the only practical way of restoring agricultural land degraded by conventional agronomic practices, and empower small family farmers to combat poverty and hunger. We urge the US Congress to reject GM crops as both hazardous and contrary to the interest of family farmers; and to support research and development of sustainable agricultural methods that can truly benefit family farmers all over the world. We, the undersigned scientists, call for the immediate suspension of all environmental releases of GM crops and products, both commercially and in open field trials, for at least 5 years; for patents on living processes, organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes to be revoked and banned; and for a comprehensive public enquiry into the future of agriculture and food security for all. 1. Patents on life-forms and living processes should be banned because they threaten food security, sanction biopiracy of indigenous knowledge and genetic resources, violate basic human rights and dignity, compromise health care, impede medical and scientific research and are against the welfare of animals(1). Life-forms such as organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes are discoveries and hence not patentable. Current GM techniques which exploit living processes are unreliable, uncontrollable and unpredictable, and do not qualify as inventions. Furthermore, those techniques are inherently unsafe, as are many GM organisms and products. 2. It is becoming increasingly clear that current GM crops are neither needed nor beneficial. They are a dangerous diversion preventing the essential shift to sustainable agricultural practices that can provide food security and health around the world. 3. Two simple characteristics account for the nearly 40 million hectares of GM crops planted in 1999(2). The majority (71%) are tolerant to broad-spectrum herbicides, with companies engineering plants to be tolerant to their own brand of herbicide, while most of the rest are engineered with bt-toxins to kill insect pests. A university-based survey of 8200 field trials of the most widely grown GM crops, herbicide-tolerant soya beans - revealed that they yield 6.7% less and required two to five times more herbicides than


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

non-GM varieties(3). This has been confirmed by a more recent study in the University of Nebraska(4). Yet other problems have been identified: erratic performance, disease susceptibility(5), fruit abortion(6) and poor economic returns to farmers(7). 4. According to the UN food programme, there is enough food to feed the world one and a half times over. While world population has grown 90% in the past 40 years, the amount of food per capita has increased by 25%, yet one billion are hungry(8). A new FAO report confirms that there will be enough or more than enough food to meet global demands without taking into account any yield improvements that might result from GM crops well into 2030 (9). It is on account of increasing corporate monopoly operating under the globalized economy that the poor are getting poorer and hungrier(10). Family farmers around the world have been driven to destitution and suicide, and for the same reasons. Between 1993 and 1997 the number of mid-sized farms in the US dropped by 74,440(11), and farmers are now receiving below the average cost of production for their produce(12). The farming population in France and Germany fell by 50% since 1978(13). In the UK, 20 000 farming jobs were lost in the past year alone, and the Prime Minister has announced a 200m aid package(14). Four corporations control 85% of the world trade in cereals at the end of 1999(15). Mergers and acquisitions are continuing. 5. The new patents on seeds intensify corporate monopoly by preventing farmers from saving and replanting seeds, which is what most farmers still do in the Third World. In order to protect their patents, corporations are continuing to develop terminator technologies that genetic engineer harvested seeds not to germinate, despite worldwide opposition from farmers and civil society at large(16). 6. Christian Aid, a major charity working with the Third World, concluded that GM crops will cause unemployment, exacerbate Third World debt, threaten sustainable farming systems and damage the environment. It predicts famine for the poorest countries(17). African Governments condemned Monsanto's claim that GMOs are needed to feed the hungry of the world: "We..strongly object that the image of the poor and hungry from our countries is being used by giant multinational corporations to push a technology that is neither safe, environmentally friendly, nor economically beneficial to us We believe it will destroy the diversity, the local knowledge and the sustainable agricultural systems that our farm-


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ers have developed for millennia and undermine our capacity to feed ourselves.(18)" A message from the Peasant movement of the Philippines to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) of the industrialized countries stated, "The entry of GMOs will certainly intensify landlessness, hunger and injustice.(19)" 7. A coalition of family farming groups in the US have issued a comprehensive list of demands, including ban on ownership of all life-forms; suspension of sales, environmental releases and further approvals of all GM crops and products pending an independent, comprehensive assessment of the social, environmental, health and economic impacts; and for corporations to be made liable for all damages arising from GM crops and products to livestock, human beings and the environment(20). They also demand a moratorium on all corporate mergers and acquisitions, on farm closures, and an end to policies that serve big agribusiness interests at the expense of family farmers, taxpayers and the environment(21). They have mounted a lawsuit against Monsanto and nine other corporations for monopolistic practices and for foisting GM crops on farmers without adequate safety and environmental impact assessments(22). 8. Some of the hazards of GM crops are openly acknowledged by the UK and US Governments. UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) has admitted that the transfer of GM crops and pollen beyond the planted fields is unavoidable(23), and this has already resulted in herbicide-tolerant weeds(24). An interim report on UK Government-sponsored field trials confirmed hybridization between adjacent plots of different herbicide tolerant GM oilseed rape varieties, which gave rise to hybrids tolerant to multiple herbicides. In addition, GM oilseed rape and their hybrids were found as volunteers in subsequent wheat and barley crops, which had to be controlled by standard herbicides(25). Bt-resistant insect pests have evolved in response to the continuous presence of the toxins in GM plants throughout the growing season, and the US Environment Protection Agency is recommending farmers to plant up to 40% non-GM crops in order to create refugia for non-resistant insect pests(26). 9. The threats to biodiversity from major GM crops already commercialized are becoming increasingly clear. The broad-spectrum herbicides used with herbicide-tolerant GM crops decimate wild plant species indiscriminately, they are also toxic to animals. Glufosinate causes birth defects in mammals(27), and glyphosate is


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

linked to non-Hodgkin lymphoma(28). GM crops with bt-toxins kill beneficial insects such as bees(29) and lacewings(30), and pollen from bt-corn is found to be lethal to monarch butterflies(31) as well as swallowtails(32). Bt-toxin is exuded from roots of bt-plants in the rhizosphere, where it rapidly binds to soil particles and become protected from degradation. As the toxin is present in an activated, non-selective form, both target and non-target species in the soil will be affected(33), with knock on effects on species above ground. 10. Products resulting from genetically modified organisms can also be hazardous. For example, a batch of tryptophan produced by GM microorganisms was associated with at least 37 deaths and 1500 serious illnesses(34). Genetically modified Bovine Growth Hormone, injected into cows in order to increase milk yield, not only causes excessive suffering and illnesses for the cows but increases IGF-1 in the milk, which is linked to breast and prostate cancers in humans(35). It is vital for the public to be protected from all GM products, and not only those containing transgenic DNA or protein. That is because the process of genetic modification itself, at least in the form currently practised, is inherently unsafe. 11. Secret memoranda of US Food and Drug Administration revealed that it ignored the warnings of its own scientists that genetic engineering is a new departure and introduces new risks. Furthermore, the first GM crop to be commercialized - the Flavr Savr tomato - did not pass the required toxicological tests(36). Since then, no comprehensive scientific safety testing had been done until Dr. Arpad Pusztai and his collaborators in the UK raised serious concerns over the safety of the GM potatoes they were testing. They conclude that a significant part of the toxic effect may be due to the "[gene] construct or the genetic transformation (or both)" used in making the GM plants(37). 12. The safety of GM foods was openly disputed by Professor Bevan Moseley, molecular geneticist and current Chair of the Working Group on Novel Foods in the European Union's Scientific Committee on Food(38). He drew attention to unforseen effects inherent to the technology, emphasizing that the next generation of GM foods - the so-called 'neutraceuticals' or 'functional foods', such as vitamin A 'enriched' rice - will pose even greater health risks because of the increased complexity of the gene constructs.


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13. Genetic engineering introduces new genes and new combinations of genetic material constructed in the laboratory into crops, livestock and microorganisms(39). The artificial constructs are derived from the genetic material of pathogenic viruses and other genetic parasites, as well as bacteria and other organisms, and include genes coding for antibiotic resistance. The constructs are designed to break down species barriers and to overcome mechanisms that prevent foreign genetic material from inserting into genomes. Most of them have never existed in nature in the course of billions of years of evolution. 14. These constructs are introduced into cells by invasive methods that lead to random insertion of the foreign genes into the genomes (the totality of all the genetic material of a cell or organism). This gives rise to unpredictable, random effects, including gross abnormalities in animals and unexpected toxins and allergens in food crops. 15. One construct common to practically all GM crops already commercialized or undergoing field trials involves a gene-switch (promoter) from the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) spliced next to the foreign gene (transgene) to make it over-express continuously(40). This CaMV promoter is active in all plants, in yeast, algae and E. coli. We recently discovered that it is even active in amphibian egg(41) and human cell extract(42). It has a modular structure, and is interchangeable, in part, or in whole with promoters of other viruses to give infectious viruses. It also has a 'recombination hotspot' where it is prone to break and join up with other genetic material(43). 16. For these and other reasons, transgenic DNA - the totality of artificial constructs transferred into the GMO - may be more unstable and prone to transfer again to unrelated species; potentially to all species interacting with the GMO(44). 17. The instability of transgenic DNA in GM plants is wellknown(45). GM genes are often silenced, but loss of part or all of the transgenic DNA also occurs, even during later generations of propagation(46). We are aware of no published evidence for the long term stability of GM inserts in terms of structure or location in the plant genome in any of the GM lines already commercialized or undergoing field trials.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

18. The potential hazards of horizontal transfer of GM genes include the spread of antibiotic resistance genes to pathogens, the generation of new viruses and bacteria that cause disease and mutations due to the random insertion of foreign DNA, some of which may lead to cancer in mammalian cells(47). The ability of the CaMV promoter to function in all species including human beings is particularly relevant to the potential hazards of horizontal gene transfer. 19. The possibility for naked or free DNA to be taken up by mammalian cells is explicitly mentioned in the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) draft guidance to industry on antibiotic resistance marker genes(48). In commenting on the FDA's document, the UK MAFF pointed out that transgenic DNA may be transferred not just by ingestion, but by contact with plant dust and air-borne pollen during farm work and food processing(49). This warning is all the more significant with the recent report from Jena University in Germany that field experiments indicated GM genes may have transferred via GM pollen to the bacteria and yeasts in the gut of bee larvae(50). 20. Plant DNA is not readily degraded during most commercial food processing(51). Procedures such as grinding and milling left grain DNA largely intact, as did heat-treatment at 90deg.C. Plants placed in silage showed little degradation of DNA, and a special UK MAFF report advises against using GM plants or plant waste in animal feed. 21. The human mouth contains bacteria that have been shown to take up and express naked DNA containing antibiotic resistance genes, and similar transformable bacteria are present in the respiratory tracts(52). 22. Antibiotic resistance marker genes from GM plants have been found to transfer horizontally to soil bacteria and fungi in the laboratory(53). Field monitoring revealed that GM sugar beet DNA persisted in the soil for up to two years after the GM crop was planted. And there is evidence suggesting that parts of the transgenic DNA have transferred horizontally to bacteria in the soil(54). 23. Recent research in gene therapy and nucleic acid (both DNA


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and RNA) vaccines leaves little doubt that naked/free nucleic acids can be taken up, and in some cases, incorporated into the genome of all mammalian cells including those of human beings. Adverse effects already observed include acute toxic shock, delayed immunological reactions and autoimmune reactions(55). 24. The British Medical Association, in their interim report (published May, 1999), called for an indefinite moratorium on the releases of GMOs pending further research on new allergies, the spread of antibiotic resistance genes and the effects of transgenic DNA. 25. In the Cartegena Biosafety Protocol successfully negotiated in Montreal in January, 2000, more than 130 governments have agreed to implement the precautionary principle, and to ensure that biosafety legislations at the national and international levels take precedence over trade and financial agreements at the WTO. Similarly, delegates to the Codex Alimentarius Commission Conference in Chiba Japan, March 2000, have agreed to prepare stringent regulatory procedures for GM foods that include pre-market evaluation, long-term monitoring for health impacts, tests for genetic stability, toxins, allergens and other unintended effects(56). The Cartegena Biosafety Protocol has now been signed by 68 Governments in Nairobi in May, 2000. 26. We urge all Governments to take proper account of the now substantial scientific evidence of actual and suspected hazards arising from GM technology and many of its products, and to impose an immediate moratorium on further environmental releases, including open field trials, in accordance with the precautionary principle as well as sound science. 27. Successive studies have documented the productivity and sustainability of family farming in the Third World as well as in the North(57). Evidence from both North and South indicates that small farms are more productive, more efficient and contribute more to economic development than large farms. Small farmers also tend to make better stewards of natural resources, conserving biodiversity and safeguarding the sustainability of agricultural production(58). Cuba responded to the economic crisis precipitated by the break up of the Soviet Bloc in 1989 by converting from conventional large scale, high input monoculture to small organic and semi-organic farming, thereby doubling food production with half the previous input(59). 28. Agroecological approaches hold great promise for sustainable agriculture in developing countries, in combining local farming knowl-


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

edge and techniques adjusted to local conditions with contemporary western scientific knowledge(60). The yields have doubled and tripled and are still increasing. An estimated 12.5 million hectares worldwide are already successfully farmed in this way(61). It is environmentally sound and affordable for small farmers. It recovers farming land marginalized by conventional intensive agriculture. It offers the only practical way of restoring agricultural land degraded by conventional agronomic practices. Most of all, it empowers small family farmers to combat poverty and hunger. 29. We urge all Governments to reject GM crops on grounds that they are both hazardous and contrary to ecologically sustainable use of resources. Instead they should support research and development of sustainable agricultural methods that can truly benefit family farmers the world over. END LETTER________________________________________ For a complete list of the 800+ scientists who signed this letter refer to appendix.

FDA Stance on GM Food - Directed by White House

In the beginning of the 90s the FDA warned about all the problems potentially associated with GMOs. But the White House ordered the agency to promote biotechnology! Thus, in 1992, the Food and Drug Administration issued a Statement of Policy that would forever change our food supply. The FDA initiative determined that genetically engineered foods were substantially similar to conventional crops, and thus were not required to be labeled or undergo special safety testing before they entered the marketplace. The 1992 FDA policy opened the floodgates for over fifty different genetically engineered organisms to become part of the foods we eat every day including over two thirds of soybeans, a third of the corn crop, and over 70 percent of all cotton, according to the United States Department of Agriculture. The U.S. treats genetically engineered foods no differently than any other foodsrequiring neither mandatory safety testing nor labeling. Three agencies currently regulate genetically engineered products: The 112 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Four FDA (regulating food and drugs), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (regulating pesticides), and U.S. Department of Agriculture (regulating farm production). Critics of the U.S. system argue that it utilizes outdated regulatory statutes designed to regulate non-GE foods and crops. The U.S. Congress has yet to pass a regulatory statue that deals specifically with the unique threats posed by genetically engineered crops and foods.

Research on GM Foods is Blocked

2009 update from Pan North America ( Biotechnology companies are stopping scientists from researching the efficiency and environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) crops, according to a statement submitted to U.S. EPA by 26 specialists in corn pests. The scientists, primarily from land-grant universities, submitted the statement anonymously for fear of being blacklisted. Andrew Pollack of the New York Times interviewed the scientists, whose stories of the industrys chokehold on research include outright prohibition of research and laundering of data. Leading agricultural biotech companies, including DuPont, Monsanto and Syngenta, are also the primary producers of insecticides and herbicides. Scientists are concerned that neither EPA nor farmers can get enough non-industry-controlled science to make informed decisions about whether GM crop technologies are worth either the money or the risks increasingly associated with biotechnology. U.S. agriculture uses far more biotech than any other nation. The companies foisting these technologies on the developing world at a considerable profit are U.S. based. The fact that neither U.S. regulatory agencies, nor American farmers, can get independent scientific assessment is especially alarming, said PAN Senior Scientist, Dr. Marcia Ishii-Eiteman. Risks and unintended consequences are only slowly coming to light, and include reduction rather than increases in yields, potential uncontrolled spread of food allergens and other genes, human and animal health harms associated with eating GM foods, and more. Genetically engineered crops have failed to deliver on industry promises of increased yields, nutritional value, or drought-tolerance. Herbicide tolerance (particularly for glyphosate, the active ingredient in Monsantos RoundUpTM) is the engineered crop trait that does appear to work, and is in broadest use (82% of biotech crops worldwide). According to a World Watch Institute report, wide adoption of such herbicide-tolerant crops in the U.S. has increased use of pesticides, resulting in the spread of 15 species of glyphosate-resistant superweeds in the U.S. alone. In the 1990s there were two such species of superweeds. 113

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness Just wait until they learn about the SUPERBUGS about to invade their lives if they think the superweeds are an issue to be concerned with! Other nations have followed an approach more consistent with The Precautionary Principle, which states that when there is scientific uncertainty on the effects of a new technology, the technology must be proven safe before it enters the marketplace.

Countries with a ban or moratorium on GE food and Crops:

Albania Algeria Austria

Belgium Benin Croatia Denmark Egypt El Salvador Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Ireland Italy Luxemburg The Netherlands New Zealand Paraguay Spain Sweden Thailand The United Kingdom From Genetically Engineered Food, A Self-Defense Guide for Consumers by Ronnie Cummins and Ben Liliston (recommended reading)


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GMOs and Human Health

Dr. Mae-Wan Ho told the People's Health Assembly that GM is proving bad for health because it goes against the grain of the new genetics science A GMO or genetically modified organism is one whose natural genetic material has been modified by having synthetic genetic material inserted into it. That is how we have GM crops grown for food and feed, for fibre and for a range of pharmaceuticals and industrial products in the latest offering, if we don't manage to stop it. Maybe you have heard the mantra from certain scientists that GM food is perfectly safe because the technology is so very precise and wonderful and the regulation the strictest in the world; that GM is good for biodiversity, increases yield, reduces pesticide use, and so on. All of the claims have been falsified, with data collected by the US Department of Agriculture and by independent scientists . The World Health Organization has just issued a report, Modern food biotechnology, human health and development: an evidencebased study (23 June 2005) claiming that although there may be potential risks involved in the use of GMOs, the GM crops that are grown today are not likely to present health risks. Yet there has been a string of incidents indicating GM food and feed are far from safe. These include studies carried out by biotech companies producing the GM crops, which they have kept secret under confidential business information. * Kidney and blood abnormalities in rats fed one of Monsanto's GM maize in Monsanto's secret dossier. * Villagers in the south of the Philippines who suffered mysterious illnesses when another GM maize came into flower in a nearby field two years in a row. Antibodies to the Bt protein inserted into the GM maize were found in the villagers. * A dozen cows that died after eating a third GM maize made by Syngenta, and others in the herd had to be slaughtered because of mysterious illnesses. Autopsies failed to be carried out, which is why Greenpeace and farmers are demonstrating in front of the Robert Koch Institute


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

* Senior scientist Arpad Pusztai and colleagues in Scotland found young rats fed GM potatoes ended up with damage in every organ system; the most dramatic being an increase in thickness of the stomach lining to twice that in controls. Scientists in Egypt found similar effects in mice fed GM potatoes with another gene. * The US Food and Drug Administration had data dating back to early 1990s that rats fed GM tomatoes had developed small holes in their stomach. To cut a long story short, different species of GM food and feed crops with different genes had adversely affected several species of animals. You don't have to be a scientific genius to see that there may be something in the genetic engineering process itself that's harmful .

So what's wrong with GMOs?

First, new genes and combinations of genes made in the laboratory, which have never existed in billions of years of evolution, are being introduced into our food chain. Allergies and other toxicities come to mind. In fact, 22 out of 33 proteins incorporated into GM crops were found to have similarities to known allergens, and are therefore suspected allergens. The synthetic genetic material are introduced into the cells of organisms with invasive methods that are uncontrollable, unreliable and unpredictable, and far from precise. It ends up damaging the natural genetic material of the organism with many unpredictable, unintended effects, including gross abnormalities that you can see, and metabolic changes that may be toxic that you can't see. Many foreign synthetic genes are copies of those from bacteria and viruses that cause diseases. They also contain antibiotic resistance marker genes to help track the movements of the foreign gene inserts and select for cells that have taken up the foreign genes. Right from the beginning, in the mid1970s, geneticists themselves


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have worried that releasing those synthetic genetic material runs the risk of creating new viruses and bacteria that cause diseases, and spreading antibiotic resistance to make infections untreatable. As the result of the Asilomar Declaration, a moratorium was imposed. Unfortunately, the moratorium was short-lived, as geneticists were in a hurry for commercial exploitation of genetic engineering. The dangers arise because the genetic material persists long after the cells or organism is dead, and can be taken up by bacteria and viruses that are in all environments This process - called horizontal gene transfer and recombination is the main route to creating dangerous pathogens. Genetic engineering is nothing if not greatly enhanced horizontal gene transfer and recombination, and nasty surprises have already been sprung. Researchers in Australia accidentally' transformed a harmless mousepox virus into a lethal pathogen that killed all the mice, even those that were supposed to be resistant to the virus. Headlines in the New Scientist editorial: The Genie is out, Biotech has just sprung a nasty surprise. Next time, it could be catastrophic. The lead article continued in the same vein: Disaster in the making. An engineered mouse virus leaves us one step away from the ultimate bioweapon. The researchers added a gene coding for an immune signalling molecule to the virus, which they thought would boost antibody production; instead, it suppressed immune responses. The researchers had previously put the same gene into a vaccinia virus and found it delayed the clearance of virus from the animals, so it may well have the same immune suppressive effects for all viruses. Imagine what would happen if this gene ever got into a smallpox virus! More surprisingly, researchers at the University of California in Berkeley found that disrupting a set of disease-causing genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the tuberculosis bacterium, resulted in a hyper-virulent mutant strain that killed all the mice by 41 weeks, while all the control mice exposed to the unmodified bacterium survived.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness There is yet another insidious danger.

The synthetic genes created for genetic modification are designed to cross species barriers and to jump into the natural genetic material of cells. Such constructs jumping into the natural genetic material of human cells can trigger cancer . This is not just a theoretical possibility. It has happened in gene therapy, which is genetic modification of human cells. In 2000, researchers in the Neckar Hospital in Paris, France treated infants with X-linked Severe Combined Immune Deficiency apparently successfully by isolating bone marrow cells from the patients, applying gene therapy, and then injecting the genetically modified cells back into the patients. But since 2002, 3 infants have developed leukaemia. One child has died. The foreign synthetic gene has inserted near a human gene that controls cell division, making it overactive, resulting in uncontrollable multiplication of the white blood cells. I have only scratched the surface of the problems and hazards of genetic modification. But you can already see that there has been a massive campaign of misinformation and disinformation on the part of the GM proponents. The greatest danger, I think, is the mindset of the GM proponents Genetic engineering of plants and animals began in the mid 1970s under the illusion that the genetic material is constant and static and the characteristics of organisms are hardwired in their genes. One gene determines one characteristic. But geneticists soon discovered to their great surprise that the genetic material is dynamic and fluid, in that both the expression and structure of genes are constantly changing under the influence of the environment. Geneticists have coined the term, the fluid genome, which encapsulated this major paradigm change. The genome is the totality of all the genetic material in an organism. The processes responsible for the fluid genome are precisely orchestrated by the organism as a whole in a dance of life that's necessary for survival. In contrast, genetic engineering in the lab is crude, imprecise and invasive. The rogue genes inserted into a genome to make a GMO can land anywhere in any form and has


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a tendency to be unstable, basically because these rogue genes do not know the language of the dance. Genetic engineers haven't learned to dance with life. That is why dozens of prominent scientists from seven countries launched ourselves as the Independent Science Panel, to overcome the campaign of disinformation from pro-GM scientists who are working to promote the corporate agenda, and to reclaim science for the public good. We compiled all the evidence against GM crops as well as the evidence on the successes and benefits of all forms of sustainable non-GM agriculture. Based on this evidence, we are calling for a ban on the environmental releases of GM crops and a comprehensive shift to sustainable agriculture. I hope the Assembly will support this call! [Institute of Science in Society website:]

28 countries have placed a ban on the use of genetically modified food. What follows are the warnings from scientists that went out to governments worldwide - the smart ones listened but the U.S. continues to allow the corporate giants to taint our food supply:


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

GM Food Nightmare Unfolding in the Regulatory Sham

Regulator agencies like the European Food Safety Authority and the UK Food Standards Agency have been ignoring the precautionary principle, manipulating and corrupting science, sidestepping the law, and helping to promote GMOs in the face of massive public opposition and damning evidence piling up against the safety of GM food and feed. These charges are made in a devastating report (GM Food Nightmare Unfolding and the Regulatory Sham available online at: ) Released by the Institute of Science in Society*, the report has been submitted to the European Food Standards Agency, the World Health Organization/ Food and Agriculture Organization Expert Consultation on GM Food Animals, and the UK Food Standards Agency, and it has been accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed scientific journal. The 19-page report contains more than 130 references. It draws together evidence from all over the world indicating that GM food and feed may be inherently hazardous to health, regardless of the plant species or the genetic modification involved. For example:

* Female rats fed Roundup Ready soybeans gave birth to many severely stunted pups, with over half of the litter dead by three weeks, and the surviving pups were sterile; Roundup Ready soya has been approved worldwide for food and feed since 1996 * Farmers and workers exposed to Bt cotton and Bt maize have suffered serious allergy-like symptoms * Livestock feeding on Bt crops and crop residues became ill and died in large numbers
The evidence has stacked up to such an extent that our regulators should be answering a charge of criminal negligence at the very least in failing to 120 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Four ban GM crops and continuing with their campaign of denial and disinformation, and worse, helping to promote even more dangerous GM produce from the industry, said Dr. Mae-Wan Ho. Dr Ho is the director of ISIS and lead author of the report co-authored with Joe Cummins, emeritus Professor of Biology at the University of Western Ontario, Canada, and Peter Saunders, emeritus Professor of Mathematics at King's College, London University. That Bt toxins can cause serious immune reactions was known long before they were widely incorporated into maize and cotton crops. Similarly, evidence that pieces of genetically modified (GM) DNA can be taken up and incorporated into the genomes of other cells a process called horizontal gene transfer - has been steadily accumulating since the mid 1990s, when the ISIS scientists first sounded their warning to the regulators. GM DNA often contain antibiotic resistance marker genes and other genes from bacteria and viruses that cause diseases. In addition, they have strong control signalspromoters' that force the cell to express a foreign gene at high levels, Dr. Mae-Wan Ho explains. As a result, horizontal gene transfer not only spreads antibiotic resistance genes to harmful bacteria, it can create new bacteria and viruses that can cause epidemics. And if the strong promoter jumps into the wrong place in the genome of animal cells, it can boost the expression of oncogenes and cause the cells to multiply out of control, or cancer by another name. Europe and the UK are required by law to abide by the precautionary principle. Both have signed up to the Cartegena Protocol on Biosafety regulating GMOs, and a string of other international treaties for protecting health and the environment based on the precautionary principle. But systematic manipulation of scientific evidence and abuse of science by the regulatory authorities has meant that the precautionary principle is never invoked. GM food/feed looks like joining asbestos, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), BSE, tobacco and many others as yet another example of the government relying on bad scientific advice and ignoring the precautionary 121

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness principle, with devastating consequences, said Prof. Peter Saunders. In three recent cases, American courts have ruled that the US Department of Agriculture failed to carry out proper environmental impact assessment before giving approval for releases of GM crops to the environment, and that the releases are therefore illegal. Regulation of genetically modified food crops in North America is a complete sham. It's time for a shake up. The regulatory agencies must represent the law and the people not just corporate interests, said Prof. Joe Cummins.

Spilling the Beans Newsletter:

(The follwoing information is from Jeffery Smiths E-Newsletter Spilling the Beans, an e-newsletter available at The website also offers eater-friendly tips for avoiding GMOs at home and in restaurants. Smith is author of Genetic Roulette and Seeds of Deception two books I highly recommend you read.)
May 19th, 2009 American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) ( called on Physicians to educate their patients, the medical community, and the public to avoid GM foods when possible and provide educational materials concerning GM foods and health risks. AAEMs position paper stated, Several animal studies indicate serious health risks associated with GM food, including infertility, immune problems, accelerated aging, insulin regulation, and changes in major organs and the gastrointestinal system. They conclude, there is more than a casual association between GM foods and adverse health effects. There is causation, as defined by recognized scientific criteria. The strength of association and consistency between GM foods and disease is confirmed in several animal studies. World renowned biologist Pushpa M. Bhargava, after reviewing more than 600 scientific journals, concludes that genetically modified organisms are a major contributor to the sharply deteriorating health of Americans.


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GM food is designed to produce toxin

GM corn and cotton are engineered to produce their own built-in pesticide in every cell. When bugs bite the plant, the poison splits open in their stomach and kills them. Biotech companies claim that the pesticide, called Btproduced from soil bacteria Bacillus thuringiensishas a history of safe use, since organic farmers and others use Bt bacteria spray for natural insect control. Genetic engineers insert Bt genes into corn and cotton, so the plants do the killing. The Bt-toxin produced in GM plants, however, is thousands of times more concentrated than natural Bt spray, is designed to be more toxic, has properties of an allergen, and unlike the spray, cannot be washed off the plant.

Worst finding of allGMOs remain inside of us

The only published human feeding study revealed what may be the most dangerous problem from GM foods. The gene inserted into GM soy transfers into the DNA of bacteria living inside our intestines and continues to function. This means that long after we stop eating GMOs we may still have potentially harmful GM proteins produced continuously inside of us. Put more plainly, eating a corn chip produced from Bt corn might transform our intestinal bacteria into living pesticide factories, possibly for the rest of our lives. When evidence of gene transfer is reported at medical conferences around the US, doctors often respond by citing the huge increase of gastrointestinal problems among their patients over the last decade. GM goods might be colonizing the gut flora of North Americans.

Warnings by government scientists ignored and denied

Scientists at the Food and Drug Administration had warned about all these problems even in the early 1990s. According to documents released from a lawsuit, the scientific consensus at the agency was that GM foods were inherently dangerous, and might create hard-to-detect allergies, poisons, gene transfer to gut


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

bacteria, new disease, and nutritional problems. They urged their superiors to require rigorous long-term tests. But the White House had ordered the agency to promote biotechnology and the FDA responded by recruiting Michael Taylor, Monsantos former attorney, to head up the formation of GMO policy. That policy, which is in effect today, denies knowledge of scientists concerns and declares that no safety studies on GMOs are required. It is up to Monsanto and the other biotech companies to determine if their foods are safe. Mr. Taylor later became Monsantos vice president.

Dangerously few studies, untraceable diseases

AAEM states, GM foods have not been property tested and pose a serious health risk. Not a single human clinical trail on GMOs has been published. A 2007 review of published scientific literature on the potential toxic effects/health risks of GM plants revealed that experimental data are very scare. The author concluded his review by asking, Where is the scientific evidence showing the GM plants/food are toxicologically safe, as assumed by the biotechnology companies? Famed Canadian geneticist David Suzuki answers, The experiments simply havent been done and we now have become the guinea pigs. He adds, Anyone that says, Oh, we know that this is perfectly safe, I say is either unbelievably stupid or deliberately lying.[29] Dr. Schubert points out, If there are problems, we will probably never know because the cause will not be traceable and many diseases take a very long time to develop. If GMOs happen to cause immediate and acute symptoms with a unique signature, perhaps then we might have a chance to trace the cause. This is precisely what happened during a US epidemic in the late 1980s. The disease was fast acting, deadly, and caused a unique measurable change in the bloodbut it still took more than four years to identify that an epidemic was even occurring. By then it had killed about 100 Americans and caused 5,000-10,000 people to fall sick or become permanently disabled. It was caused by a genetically engineered brand of a food supplement called L-tryptophan.


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If other GM foods are contributing to the rise of autism, obesity, diabetes, asthma, cancer, heart disease, allergies, reproductive problems, or any other common health problem now plaguing Americans, we may never know. In fact, since animals fed GMOs had such a wide variety of problems, susceptible people may react to GM food with multiple symptoms. It is therefore telling that in the first nine years after the large scale introduction of GM crops in 1996, the incidence of people with three or more chronic diseases nearly doubled, from 7% to 13%.[30] To help identify if GMOs are causing harm, the AAEM asks their members, the medical community, and the independent scientific community to gather case studies potentially related to GM food consumption and health effects, begin epidemiological research to investigate the role of GM foods on human health, and conduct safe methods of determining the effect of GM foods on human health. Citizens need not wait for the results before taking the doctors advice to avoid GM foods. People can stay away from anything with soy or corn derivatives, cottonseed and canola oil, and sugar from GM sugar beetsunless it says organic or non-GMO. There is a pocket Non-GMO Shopping Guide, co-produced by the Institute for Responsible Technology and the Center for Food Safety, which is available as a download, as well as in natural food stores and in many doctors offices. ( non-GMOshopping/index.cfm) If even a small percentage of people choose non-GMO brands, the food industry will likely respond as they did in Europeby removing all GM ingredients. Thus, AAEMs non-GMO prescription may be a watershed for the US food supply. END of Spilling the Beans E-Newsletter by Jeffery Smith. Learn about what foods contain GMO foods here: Get the books written by Jeffery Smith and learn more. index.cfm


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UPDATE - May 6, 2009 - European Countries Ban GM May 6, 2009 Press Release from Institute of Science in Society See website: Europe Holds the Key to a GM-Free World 5th Conference of GM-Free Regions, Food & Democracy Important revelations at the Conference on how Europe determines the future of GMOs in the world market, and more...
Dr. Mae-Wan Ho Two hundred and fifty delegates from 28 countries (from Europe and elsewhere) converged to the lakeside culture and conference centre (KKL) in Lucerne , Switzerland , for the 5 th European Conference of GMO-free Regions on Food and Democracy [1]. The sun was shining on the scenic lake and the spring air charged with excitement and anticipation.

Germany s move to ban the cultivation of MON810 GM maize barely ten days ago [2] ( Europe Firms Up Against GMOs & Patent on Life , SiS 43) had taken everyone by surprise. Germany, the most populous country in the European Union (EU) ranking fourth in land area, is also its most influential and economically powerful member nation. Monsanto has since taken the German government to court [3] saying its ban is arbitrary and goes against EU regulations. The symbolic significance of Germans ban on GM maize is a great boost to the campaign whose long-term goal is to get Europe GM-free, as Maya Graf, member of the Swiss National Council said in introducing the conference, which brought a constellation of star speakers from governments and non-government organizations. Food Futures Now , *Organic *Sustainable *Fossil Fuel Free, How organic agriculture and localized food, and energy systems can potentially compensate for all greenhouse gas emissions due to human activities and free us from fossil fuels Highlights from the opening session


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Switzerland, the host country lost no time in hogging the limelight. The country has had a moratorium on GMOs since 2005, which has been extended to 2013. Adrian Borgula , President of the Cantonal Parliament of Lucerne bid everyone a warm welcome to the beautiful city, and spoke of William Tell, the legendary 14th century hero of the alpine Canton of Uri in Switzerland . An expert marksman with the crossbow, he was made to shoot an apple on top of the head of his son by the Hapsburg overlord seeking to dominate Uri, and became the symbol of democracy, and the Conference logo. Chira Simoneschi-Cortes i, Speaker of the Swiss National Council, told the congregation that a big Swiss Insurance company has announced it will not insure against GMOs, because the risks are incalculable! She was encouraged by the German rejection of MON810. It is not up to scientists and the companies to decide what goes onto our plate. The principle of market economy also demands we should not have GMOs, there simply is no market demand for it, she said. Switzerland has chosen a wise path, moratorium until the end of 2013. This offers great advantage for the small agricultural market of Switzerland . There is opposition in Parliament, she admitted; but it is for the people of Switzerland to decide. Furthermore, there must be proper labels for GMOs instead of just the small print. This conference was the first official visit to Switzerland for Nikolaus Berlakovich, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management, Austria. GM crops are simply not for small countries; he said, they must produce high quality food to position themselves in the market. Our position is organic agriculture. Austria is an ecosocial economy, neither capitalist not communist. Britain has nationalized their banks. Isnt that strange? But we must integrate economic and social. We are backing GMO-free animal feed on all levels. He explained that organic farming needs protection; and Austria is very critical of EUs co-existence policy. We have high percentage of organic farming in Austria , which also covers areas not cultivated. We have the support of consumers. GMOs are rejected by the majority of farmers who know that if they are


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

contaminated, they have a problem. It is important for neighbors too join forces, Berlakovich said. MON810 is authorized in EU, but we ban it, we have lots of scientists supporting that ban. He described how Austria won the majority vote against the European Commissions attempt to make Austria and Hungary lift their bans on GM maize. We submitted several studies; our cultivation ban was discussed again. We were in a difficult situation. We needed 74 percent of the environment ministers to vote for us. Germany normally did not support us, but there was a real dynamic, we won over Germany and other countries that did not look likely to vote with us. We got 82 and 85 percent respectively for the two maize varieties! So it was great that a small country like Austria can win. Luxemborug also instituted the ban, very courageous. Austria wants liability clarified, he said; what if they are contaminated by neighboring country? My goal is to achieve GMO-Free farming in Austria. This should be our right, not to be denied by the EU. Every state should have the right to do so. We have to change the rules at the EU to allow for self-determination. And even within countries, GMO-free regions should be allowed. We are working with like-minded states. Many states support us in this approach, but we need the European Commission to actively change things. Berkovich re-iterated the need to incorporate socioeconomic values in assessing GMOs, not just the negative impacts. What value is there for the people? That was why Austria banned MON810, which has no socioeconomic value whatsoever. He also called for proper label for GMOs, not just in the fine print that we need our glasses to read. Conferences like this one are important. We need to join forces to create a movement for GMO-free agriculture. He concluded. Theyve tried everything including threat and blackmail to get GM into the market, but they failed. Simonetta Sommaruga , Member of the Council of States (Small Chamber of the Swiss Parliament), began her speech. Agriculture should fit the market, the needs of the consumer,


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sustainability means good for the environment, and animal rights. She said. Switzerland has had a GMO moratorium since 2005, and it worked. She pointed out that there were no GM plants, no complications for consumers when they are buying; and no need to separate goods. Our government can hardly do anything else but extend it for another three years. The argument that Switzerland stands alone must be put to one side because of this conference. GM monopolizes the right to food, it is not a democracy. Roseanna Cunningham , Scottish Environment Minister, unable to appear in person, sent a video instead. She said: Scottish citizens are not clamouring for GM produce. We know little of long term effects of GMOs. To take that risk is indefensible. Short range effects are already devastating. She pointed out that in Scotland , 85 percent of land in food production is marginal; therefore Scotland must compete on quality, in which Scotland has excelled. And there is also a great deal of wild life, because it is remote, including alpine, artic environments. Half of species in Europe are found in Scotland . Scotland is a GMO-Free region, and supports Austria s socioeconomic factors to be taken into account. We do not need GM, because we have so many excellent conventional crops. One prime example is Scottish Crop Research Institutes blackcurrents, which account for half of all the varieties grown in the world. An important issue is GM-free animal feed. Switzerland , Austria and Germany already have GMO-free fed label. Big business doesnt want us to learn from one another. Renate Knast Chair of the parliamentary group Bundnis 90/Die Grunen, Germany, began: Great to hear of the Swiss moratorium; very good indication for the future! We would like to hear something similar from Germany, She then reminded her audience that people in other parts of the world may not even have access to food, let alone the food they choose. The South is cultivating food for the North. People there still suffer from hunger while working for large monocultures of the north. They have no right to food, and cannot have their traditional food. Knast said people should be free of patents on life. Food and democracy belong together. We have less freedom and less democracy, less and less seed companies for traditional plants.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

The basic foods of around 50 percent of people in the world are affected by patents, which include those on manioc, rice, and corn. This is neo-colonialism taking over our fields and plates in both developing and industrialized countries. How do we defend ourselves? By creating GM-free regions and letting them grow. The South produce food fed to animals in the North. Europe has a central task and duty to be answerable for this international divide, to look at the patents, and to build a new type of agriculture. There is strong lobby pressure in Europe from the industry, they use every tool possible. But as citizens we all have the power through our shopping basket to remain GM free and to organise GM free movements. The German farmers association used to laugh at every organic farmer, called them old-fashioned. But we have purchasing power to change that. Parents who care for their children, nearly 98 percent of them feed their children on GM-free products. Today, the demand for organic food in kindergartens and schools is growing. Our German agricultural minister is very brave to ban MON810. There is debate still in the German Parliament. We must create a movement for GM-free food. We need to highlight the fact that it is always the same old scientists that decide on GM. We must prevent entrance gate through animal feed. In Germany the municipalities have made their own decisions. Throughout Europe, we have the right to GM-free feed-troughs and plates. Karel Blaha, Czech First deputy Minister of the Environment, took the podium, speaking for the Czech Republic that has taken over the presidency of the EU. He said the legislation for GMOs in his country will be revised in order to strengthen environment assessment and monitoring arrangements, to support systematic and independent research on potential risks, and collection and exchange of information. The new legislation will take full account of specific regional agronomical and environmental characters; it will allow restrictive measures on GMOs, up to the creation of GMO-free zones. The Czech Republic supports national bans on the Principle of Subsidiarity that takes account of various national environmental and agronomical conditions, and member states should decide for themselves. The Czech Republic has supported national bans since 2006, and in March 2008, the German government has changed its mind, voting to reject the EC proposal to lift Austria and Hungary s bans on GM maize. This deserves the clapping of


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hands. He said. Friedrich-Wilhelm Graefe zu Baringdorf, MEP from Germany, gave an impassioned uncompromising speech. GMO friendly laws have been passed in Europe, he said; Co-existence is a Trojan Horse to contaminate farming so much that there is no more sense to become GMO-free. He was at pains to point out that EU legislation does not recognize contamination. The 0.9 percent is not a contamination threshold. There is no right to contamination. For organic agriculture, GMO is banned, and that is very important. It means contamination must not take place. You can declare your country GM-free. You dont have any other reason than sufficient organic farmers to say we must be GM free. Do what the Austrians did. No need to change legislation in Europe . In labelling legislation, there is a loophole, animal products, meat, milk, etc... can be fed GM, if you cannot find any trace. But in plants, the end product must be labelled. We try positive labelling in Germany : GM-free feed. That is not sufficient. We must demand label of GM-fed animals. The threshold must be 0.1 percent. Dimas (Environment Commissioner) is in favour. We need regulation on this. Thats another signal that we dont want GMOs. Apart from being an organic farmer, Graefe zu Baringdorf also chairs an organization of small scale and peasant agriculture that coordinate the movement for GMO-free regions Just because a small minority want GMOs, we should not give in, he concluded. Hansjorg Walter, Member of the Swiss National Council and president of the Swiss farmer association, is in no doubt that it is consumers that decide. We have no results from research. In the summer, there will be interim report on the pollination problem. It is not possible for Swiss authority to decree for small farmers. We need high quality food that is why GMO is perceived as a threat. No one has found a benefit for consumers. That is why it is so important for 5-years pause, and to prolong the moratorium for three more years. Walter stressed that they want research, but not release into nature. Also, research must respect market demand! If the market does not demand, why do the research? GMOs will not solve the problem for small farmers, he said. Swiss Farmers Association is working to produce high quality food. They support all labels for suppliers. GM-free production, GM-free feed, ecological factors, also, for farming in the natural way.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Carol Bogliottie, speaking for the Slow Food movement in Italy, expresses special concerns over food being sold as commodity rather than being eaten. In the traditional gift society, seed exchange was the basic act. But this has come under attack from GM. Agriculture used to feed people wild life and nature at the same time; the ancient wisdom was working with and not against nature. The Terra Madre (Slow Food) movement gives voice to local food producer to sustain their ability to work under the best conditions for the food of people and planet. It was launched in. 2003 with 5000 producers from more than 100 countries, 400 researchers and academics. In 2008, this increased to 7000 producers from 153 countries. GM still a minor producer after 13 years and failing Helen Holder from Friends of the Earth reminded people that only two traits account for practically all the GM crops grown globally herbicide tolerance (HT, 81 percent, mainly Monsantos Roundup Ready) and insect resistance (IR, 19 percent). Of the 81 percent HT, 68 percent are HT alone, and 13 percent HT and IR. Three crops, soybean, maize and cotton make up 95 percent of the global GM acreage, with the rest being GM oilseed rape. They are confined to 5 countries in America: US, Canada , Argenina , Brazil and Paraguay . And the total area comprises less than 2.4 percent of global agricultural land. Europe has just 0.06 percent of its agricultural land planted with GM crop, and 75 percent of that is located in one country, Spain . After 13 years of commercial growing, pesticide use has gone way up, yields remain static or decreased (yield drags), and no beneficial traits commercialised, despite the hype. Pesticide use has increased due to weeds developing resistance. Glyphosate use on soybean, maize and cotton in the US shot up 15-fold. Other deadly herbicides such as 2,4D more than doubled, while atrazine (banned in the EU) on corn and maize increased by 12 percent. In Brazil , similarly, glyphosate use increased 76.9 percent from 2000 to 2005 as resistant weeds emerged There are signs that farmers in the US are turning away from planting GM, but they cant access GM free seeds.

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Jochen Koester from TraceConsult exploded the myth that there is no GM-free animal feed in Europe. There is indeed GM-free maize for compound feed that comes from within the EU, also GM-free rapeseed and lupines, and not to forget, plenty of grass. Actually GM-free soy meal is in abundant supply as well. Commodity and feed industries have been calling for EU to approve new GM varieties and raise thresholds from 0 to 0.5 percent. Otherwise, they say, feed prices will rise by 600 percent. The ulterior motive behind these scare stories is to maintain flexibility in purchasing and quality management, and keep doors open for North American and Argentina imports. Most maize and soybean end up in animal feed, especially soybean; 75 percent of which end up as soymeal in animal feed. Animal feed, therefore, determines the GM fate of food. It is indeed possible to get GM-free soybean. More than 50 percent of all soy lecithin used in Europe is from conventional GMfree beans. Almost all EU-made chocolate uses GM-free lecithin. GM-free soybean is supplied essentially by only 3 countries, Brazil, India and China. So far, only Brazil has exported larger volumes of GM-free soy meal to Europe . The total soybean crop in 2009 is 60 million tonnes, 45 percent of which is conventional crop, and has remained nearly unchanged over 2008. Of the 27 million tonnes GM-free bean available, only 10 million tonnes end up in the identity preserving (IP) system, of which only 6.3 million tonnes are certified. The volume after conversion to soy meal is 4.75 million tonnes. Thus, a higher European demand will cause more soybean to enter the IP system! Any reasonable demand for GM-free soy meal can be covered. Soon after harvest the remainder is commingled and contaminated with GM bean for lack of demand. So EU determines the future of GM . Demand must be communicated, clearly specified, and originate from the right sources. There is no reason to put up with GM soybean in human food either. Wolfgang Heck, of Life-Food, Germany, has been growing soybeans organically in South Germany since 1997, which he processes into tofu. He started after hearing about GM soybean, and is now the biggest tofu producer in Europe.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Health and environmental hazards of GMOs

Daniel Ammann of the Swiss Working Group in Gene Technology began his review on the health risks of GMOs with the work of Arpad Pusztai, who sounded the first warning to the public [4] (see Pusztai Publishes Amidst Fresh Storm of Attack , ISISNews #3), suffering great personal sacrifice as a result. (I paid special tribute to Arpad in my talk and the conference participants sent him their best wishes in the closing speech.) Ammann concurred with Arpad that there are too few studies, and the safety tests are inadequate to assess potential harm. Furthermore, feedings studies are beset with problems. They place high demand on the researchers, are expensive, unrepeatable, and difficult to interpret due to chronic and unexpected toxicities. Consequently, the best solution is to have GM-free organic food. An entire day was devoted to the workshop on the health and environmental impacts of GMOs. I used the clinical trials of experimental GM Golden Rice on children [5] ( The Golden Rice Scandal Unfolds , SiS 42) as an example of a GMO that has more than the usual share of hazards, including the assumption that it is nutritionally enhanced and harmless (see the full lecture [6] Golden Rice and Hazards of GMOs ( ). Giles-Eric Seralini from CRIIGEN (Committee for Research and Independent Information on Genetics, France), highlighted the hazards of glyphosate herbicide and Monsantos formulation Roundup, used on more than 80 percent of all GM crops grown globally. Research carried out in his laboratory showed that the herbicide killed human placental and embryonic cells at concentrations well below those recommended for agricultural use. More importantly, inert ingredients in Roundup formulations, most of which kept secret, act synergistically with the herbicide, increasing its toxicity further (see [7] Death by Multiple Poisoning, Glyphosate and Roundup , SiS 42). Seralini also showed how reanalysing raw data on Monsantos feeding trials with MON 863 maize revealed significant effects indicating liver and kidney toxicity (see [8] ( GM Maize MON 863 Toxic , SiS 34), which are still being dismissed by Monsanto and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) as being not bio-


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logically meaningul. Seralini was at pains to stress the importance of transparency. At the moment, companies used commercial confidentiality to deny public access to sensitive data that are crucial for safety. The raw data on MON 863 were obtained only after a court order. Seralini has sat on different biosafety committees for his government and on the EFSA. He said, If there had been transparency on the 15 GMOs [that were approved], there would not have been any GMOs in the world, not even in the States.

Schmeiser meets Herren

Percy Schmeiser was invited over by German campaigners who had planned to hold a conference in Germany to protest the planting of GM maize. But as Germany has banned the planting, Schmeiser was taken to Lucerne instead. Schmeiser is without doubt the most popular farmer in the world, after having taken on Monsanto and won. He told the congregation in no uncertain terms that Monsanto means to control the worlds food supply. It is the biggest seed company in the world, and is now buying up organic seed companies. It will be the end of organic farming if you introduce GMOs. Canadian soybean and canola have completely lost their organic status, and can no longer export to the EU. He warned. Read Schmeisers inspiring story in [9] Who Owns Life, Not Monsanto? (I- SiS 42). Hans Herren was co-chair of the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) [10] (see GM - Free Organic Agriculture to Feed the World , SiS 38). IAASTD was the first, unprecedented multi-stakeholder assessment, involving multiple UN agencies, scientists, farmers, and NGOs, from North and South. GMO food is devoid of nutrients, and entails huge costs, to the environment, soil, water and biodiversity, and is also a driver of climate change, responsible for some 32 percent of global ghg emissions. Herren said. The major finding of the IAASTD is that small farmers practicing agroecology are the way forward to feed the world, eradicate poverty and save the climate.


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

And this must now be implemented by concrete support for small family farmers. They are the real stewards of our food, air, land and water, they provide invaluable ecosystem services, and should be paid for that. Herren asserted. It is for responsible governments to implement the recommendations of the IAASTD, not following what Monsanto is telling them. Agriculture is at the centre of society, economy and environment. Not only food production. Hundreds of different plant species should be recovered for food. It is not just a matter of productivity of a few major crops. We need to change the paradigm in agriculture, build in resilence, fulfil the needs of local people. We cannot continue to eat our natural capital. Nor have the North eating the South. He said. People, animals, plants, and environment fit and thrive together. GMO-Free regions in Europe A total of 196 regions, 93 intermediate regions, 4567 local governments, and 30,370 individuals (landowners and farmers) in 38 countries in Europe have declared themselves GMO-Free [11]; the corresponding 2007 figures were 167, 53, 4276, 27 100, and 29. The figures represent remarkable increases over the past two years. Although in many cases, the declaration has no legal status and cannot be enforced, it does send a strong message to central governments and to the European Commission that farmers and consumers of Europe are still overwhelmingly opposed to GMOs 13 years after they were introduced; if anything, more firmly so. We are poised for rapid phase transition to a fully GM-free, possibly also organic Europe; particularly as there is a move afoot to overhaul European GMO legislation. Current GMO legislation requires a thorough revision In his concluding speech, Benny Haerlin of Save Our Seeds, Germany, pointed out that in December 2008, the EU Council of Ministers had unanimously agreed that the present legislation on GMOs requires a thorough revision with respect to risk assessment, and should take into account socio-economic aspects. There was also agreement that the present procedure of imposing the cultivation of GMOs on regions and nations is untenable. The Commission so far, has not taken any steps to react to the Councils unanimous demands. On behalf of the participants at the 5 th European Conference of GMO Free Regions, he called for a moratorium on any future approval to cultivate GMOs until new


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regulations are established that resolve the present contradictions and respect the will of the people. He also called on the EU member States to rethink their legislation and policy on the use of GMOs in agriculture. See References Another Warning Letter From Educated Scientist Patrick Brown , Professor College of Agriculture & Environmental Science University of California, Davis, CA 95616 Aug 2000 Crop cultivars developed using recombinant-DNA technologies (rDNA crops) have been rapidly adopted by agricultural producers in the United States; and until recently, foods derived from these crops have been tacitly accepted by US consumers. In contrast, many European consumers have shown a marked resistance to these technologies which, in turn, has resulted in the passage of trade restrictions and of laws that limit the import, growth or use of rDNA crops throughout much of Europe. The public uproar in Europe, and the protests surrounding the World Trade Organization meeting in Seattle, has now raised the awareness of many in the USA and given birth to a vocal and growing group of concerned consumers. The intensity of the current debate has surprised many in the scientific community and has escalated into a highly polarized and increasingly antagonistic debate. Many scientists, and the professional organizations that represent them, have been publicly supportive of this technology and often dismissive of public concerns. Most scientific comment suggests that 'education' is the key to gaining the needed acceptance, while almost no comment has recognized or addressed the fears of the public. Those who oppose rDNA technology interpret the apparent willingness of the US scientific community to embrace this new technology, while failing to adequately address the potential risks, as a betrayal of public trust. Public uncertainty has resulted in the loss of markets, and will increasingly do so, for the current generation of rDNA crops and foods. Though this is clearly of substantial economic concern, by far the most significant consequence of public concern is the


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

threat that this conflict poses for the entire field of plant biotechnology which holds far greater promise of human benefit than that offered by any existing rDNA crop. The loss of this technology through careless and premature implementation would be truly devastating to the goal of developing more abundant and nutritious foods in an environmentally sensitive fashion. This issue requires immediate and thoughtful attention from plant scientists. We must recognize that our knowledge of the processes that regulate gene incorporation and expression are in their infancy and that our capacity to manipulate the plant genome is crude. Given this current lack of understanding it is certainly possible that the current regulatory safeguards are inadequate and may not be offering sufficient protection against inadvertent creation of health and ecological problems. Since the public education and research system is based upon a foundation of public trust, it is essential that we recognize and admit the unknowns associated with molecular biology and act with caution and integrity. The following text describes some of the uncertainties associated with rDNA technology and illustrates how the scientific community's defense of the current generation of rDNA crops represents a substantial threat to the future of this promising new technology. Are the Current Generation of rDNA Crops, and the Regulatory System that approved them, Scientifically Defensible? In 1989 the National Research Council, following extensive scientific review, publicly concluded that crops derived from rDNA techniques do not differ substantially from those derived using traditional techniques. This conclusion forms the basis for current FDA policy[1] that regulates the production and use of rDNA crops and foods. This conclusion is based upon the principle of "substantial equivalence" which states that the introduction of a gene of known and safe function into a crop of known characteristics is technologically neutral, hence the resulting crop can be presumed to be safe and is not subject to mandatory testing prior to release or use in foods. As this principle is central to the scientific and regulatory acceptance of this technology it deserves careful examination. Is There Equivalence between rDNA and 'Traditional' Sexual Gene Transfer?


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To adequately compare these technologies it is essential that each is well characterized and understood. The molecular processes that control gene incorporation and expression following a normal sexual crossing event, however, are only poorly understood and the extent of our ignorance is further revealed weekly as new processes involved in the regulation of gene expression in plants are determined. The inadequacy of our understanding is well illustrated by the host of genetic phenomena (such as co-suppression, intron-mediated enhancement, transcriptional regulation, proteingene interactions, etc) for which we have essentially no mechanistic understanding. Our knowledge of these processes is clearly in its infancy and few would claim that we understand more than a small percentage of the processes regulating sexual reproduction in plants. Further, most of what is known of gene transfer using traditional and rDNA techniques illustrates the profound manner in which they differ. Traditional crossing involves the movement of clusters of functionally linked genes, primarily between homologous chromosomes, and including the relevant promoters, regulatory sequences and associated genes involved in the coordinated expression of the character of interest in the plant. The molecular regulation of this process and the biochemical and evolutionary significance of these controls is poorly understood. In contrast to traditional techniques, current rDNA technologies (those used in all currently approved rDNA crops) involve the random insertion of genes in the absence of normal promoter sequences and associated regulatory genes. As there are very few examples of plant traits in which we have identified the associated regulatory genes, the introduction of a fully 'functional' gene using rDNA techniques is currently not possible. r-DNA techniques also involve the simultaneous insertion of viral promoters and selectable markers and facilitates the introduction of genes from incompatible species. These genetic transformations cannot occur using traditional approaches - which further illustrates the profound manner in which these processes differ. Genetic material can be moved within and between species by the poorly understood processes of gene transposition. Though the occurrence of this phenomenon in traditionally bred plants is superficially equivalent to rDNA techniques (which involve the random insertion of "artificial transposons"), the mechanisms governing this process and the significance of transposition in traditional


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

gene transfer are unknown. Given our profound lack of understanding of these processes it is impossible to compare sensibly the two processes. Indeed, it can be argued that gene transfer via rDNA techniques resembles the process of viral infection far more closely than it resembles traditional breeding. In summary, it is clear that gene transfer using rDNA techniques is substantially different from the processes that govern gene transfer in traditional breeding. The extent to which these processes differ will become increasingly clear as as we gain a better understanding of the processes governing gene movement, expression and regulation. The presumption of "Substantial Equivalence" - the basis for current regulatory principles - is profoundly flawed and scientifically insupportable. Do rDNA Techniques offer Greater Precision? One of the much-touted benefits of r-DNA techniques is the capability to introduce only a discrete and well defined number of genes into the new cultivar whereas a traditional crossing event introduces thousands of genes. This ability to control the types and numbers of genes introduced speeds the introduction of a gene of interest by eliminating the need for extensive backcrossing to the elite parent. Many have suggested that this approach is fundamentally more "precise" than traditional breeding techniques and have argued that the technique is consequently "safer". The ability to introduce a precisely defined compliment of genes using rDNA techniques, however, is not equivalent to the introduction of a precisely defined and biologically integrated character. Whereas the incorporation of a new character using traditional techniques occurs in a fully functional and appropriately regulated manner, rDNA gene introduction is more or less random, and does not involve introduction of the regulatory sequences normally associated with that gene. Traditional techniques, therefore, result in greater "biological precision" than random gene insertion using rDNA techniques. The FDA policy statement further suggests that it is highly unlikely that rDNA techniques will result in the inadvertent production of allergens or toxic compounds and that once incorporated into the genome, the introduced gene functions like all other genes in the


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genome. These statements are offered in support of the premise that rDNA experiments are more predictable than traditional breeding approaches. This presumption is, however, clearly contradicted by a large volume of scientific literature and experimental experience that illustrates the propensity of rDNA techniques to produce unexpected and often lethal perturbations. Indeed metabolic and phenological perturbations are very frequently observed following transformation events and a high percentage of transformants show profound growth aberrations. Indeed the propensity of random gene introduction to cause metabolic disruption is well documented and actively used to probe gene function. While extreme aberrations can be easily selected out, it is also highly likely that undetected biochemical perturbations remain following essentially all transformation events. Since it is not standard practice to screen transformants there is clearly a potential for biochemically abnormal trangenic plants to persist. This is further exacerbated through the use of tissue culture and embryo rescue etc... which can be used to "rescue" metabolically altered transgenic plants that might otherwise have been eliminated during early plant growth. Whether or not these same perturbations occur following traditional breeding is unknown. Lack of knowledge, however, is not proof of safety. The metabolic perturbations caused by rDNA gene introduction may result in production of toxic compounds. Many plant species have the capacity to produce toxic compounds which under natural conditions serve to protect against animal and insect predation as well as contributing to disease resistance mechanisms. In certain species, such as those in the Solanum family, there are many well characterized and highly unpalatable or toxic compounds. It is very likely that the majority of the genes involved in the formation of these toxic and unpalatable compounds are still present (though not expressed) in modern tomato and potato. Given the random nature of rDNA gene insertion, and the use of a promiscuous viral promoter sequence, the potential clearly exists that tomato could be induced to produce a toxin as a result of a rDNA gene transfer. Whether this would occur with the same frequency following traditional sexual breeding is unknown. The presumption that it cannot occur is clearly invalid. Clearly the assumption that a transformed crop is exactly the sum of the original crop and the introduced gene is not acceptable. rDNA techniques are profoundly different from traditional breed-


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

ing methods and are well known to cause unexpected metabolic perturbations. The principle of substantial equivalence is not scientifically justifiable; hence we can make no a priori assumption of the safety of any rDNA manipulation. Do rDNA Techniques Provide an Acceptable Level of Risk? The preceeding discussion clearly demonstrates that the risks associated with rDNA technology cannot be determined given current understanding of gene expression. Nevertheless it has been argued that risk is a normal part of technological advancement and that acceptance of this risk is warranted in the instance of rDNA crops. While it is true that we accept risks as a normal part of life, most of the risks we accept are defined by experience and are understood before they are taken. Some risks are also taken because the rewards are perceived to outweigh the risks. Traditional breeding has on the whole been an acceptable risk with 10,000 years of experience and a trust in the motives of those producing the new cultivars. Many, however, are not yet prepared to accept the risks of rDNA technologies. This is in part due to a lack of understanding of the risks, the minimal benefit of the current crop of GMOs, and a mistrust of the motives of those selling the technology. Given the current state of our knowledge of this technology and the nature of the GMOs currently available, this lack of public trust is entirely reasonable. Public acceptance will require convincing demonstration of safety and the development of crops with a more direct benefit to the consumers. The concerns expressed by many are further validated by the current generation of GMOs that have been incorporated into the food system without adequate public consultation and scientific scrutiny. The current generation of GMO crops do not provide any tangible public benefit, have not contributed to reduced food costs, and have no confirmed ecological benefit. This is well illustrated by the two most prevalent types of GMOs in use in the US. Insect-resistant crops containing the gene encoding the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin have been planted widely in the US. This transgenic technique promises to reduce the use of pesticides


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and reduce growers' costs. While reduction in pesticide use is an admirable goal there are significant grounds to question the appropriateness of the current generation of Bt-producing crops and to question the haste with which these crops were released for widespread use. The current generation of Bt crops utilize a single Bt gene rather than the complex of Bt genes that are available. There is widespread agreement amongst scientists that this use of a single Bt gene will increase the speed with which pest resistance will develop. To help alleviate the development of insect resistance the USDA and Monsanto now advise growers to plant refuge areas to ensure non-resistant insects persist under the premise that this will reduce the rate of resistance development. While this is theoretically sound there is insufficient ecological data to determine optimal size of these refuges or to estimate how effective they will be. The current generation of Bt crops also utilize antibiotic resistance as the selectable marker and rely upon viral promoters to ensure high degrees of expression. This clearly introduces a risk associated with a promoter designed to be free of regulatory controls, it excites those who see viral and antibiotic-resistance genes as threatening, and it ensures that the Bt protein is distributed uniformly throughout the plant. The uniform presence of the Bt protein enhances the likelihood of resistance development and ensures that the protein is present throughout plant development and is present in the pollen. The death of Monarch larvae was a direct consequence of the presence of active Bt toxin in the pollen. While some have questioned the scientific relevance of this study it did illustrate the inherent flaws in this cultivar. Methods exist (or will soon exist) that make the use of viral promoters and antibiotic resistance markers unnecessary. There is no justification for the expression of Bt in the pollen, and the release of cultivars with a single Bt gene is certain to hasten resistance development. In the absence of data to support the refugia concept there is very little to prevent the development of widespread insect tolerance of Bt. Clearly the release of the first generation of Bt-containing crops was premature and based upon flawed scientific principles. Regulatory and scientific support for this cultivar is clearly questionable. The other dominant type of GMO in use today is the Roundup-


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Ready varieties of cotton, soya bean and corn. Not only do these cultivars contain many of the same questionable genes as those in Bt crops, but also they have the additional propensity to contribute to the development of herbicide-resistant weed species for which the consequences are poorly understood. Roundup-Ready crops are also of questionable ecological value and build a longterm dependence on the use of the herbicide glyphosate. Not insignificantly, the overtly 'corporate' nature of these crops and the dependence they build on high cost and ecologically questionable technologies has resulted in widespread suspicion of the motives of those promoting these cultivars. It is abundantly clear that the current generation of GMO's were developed using an untested and unsophisticated technology and were released prematurely to ensure early returns on corporate investment. Clearly this does not represent a sound justification for the release and widespread use of these crops. Perhaps one of the most profoundly flawed justifications of GMOs is illustrated in the often cited refrain "GMO foods have been widely available in the marketplace for the past 5 years and not one incident of harm to public health has been documented". Since every introduced gene is inserted into a different genetic location, and every gene differs in functions and interactions within the genome, and as every species can be expected to 'react' differently to the gene introduction process, it is clear that the safety of one GMO is in no way predictive of the safety of another. In many respects the claim of safety by association is no more valid than the claim that the safety of aspirin predicts the safety of all future drugs. Conclusion The real threat to the future of plant biotechnology is the irresponsible and premature releases of the first generation of GMOs that are full of unsound scientific assumptions, rife with careless science, and arrogantly dismissive of valid concerns. The current generation of GMOs provide little real benefit except corporate profit and marginally improved grower returns, while at the same time introducing a host of poorly studied human and ecological risks. Not surprisingly, many have questioned the value of these crops and the integrity of those who support their use. Given these issues and the overall lack of knowledge of rDNA technology it can only be concluded that the current FDA regu-


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lations guiding the release and testing of GMOs is inadequate. It can further be concluded that the technology is inadequately developed to ensure its safety. In the absence of a sound scientific basis to predict the full consequences of rDNA crop development, we must either subject all new crops to a rigorous testing program that considers all potential health, social and environmental concerns or halt further release of rDNA crops until a firm scientific understanding of the biological principles is attained. As scientists it is our responsibility to recognize that we do not yet have sufficient knowledge of the process to use it safely. We must work towards addressing all of the concerns explicit in the current generation of crops, and must support a rigorous testing program to ensure the safety of all GMO food stuffs in the interim. To date many in the scientific community have been unwilling to rationally consider the concerns surrounding the current GMOs and have wrongly considered that a defense of GMOs is a prerequisite to protect the science of plant biotechnology. Nothing could be further from the truth or more threatening to the future of this technology.Footnote: [1] FDA Policy Statement, 1992

Corporate Wealth Usurps Public Health

The protectors of our health do not listen to the FDA and they dont listen to the proper credentialed PhDsso our health is left in the hands of elected officials bought and paid for by the industry lobbyists! How comforting is that? I do not have the degrees from an accredited college that all the above doctors have worked so hard to earn. I worked hard to earn my degrees but due to the fact that alternative health concepts are not considered worthy of due recognition I would be scorned by the biotechnologists who would call me a quack. But isnt it interesting that even when one does have the right credentials behind their names it makes no difference. The only thing that makes a difference is how much money the company has that is lobbying in Washington DC. Your health does not matter, the destruction of our soil does not matter, the destruction of biodiversity does not matter. Nanotechnolgy is right behind the GMO technology in poisoning us and our planet.

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Chapter Five
The Chronic Illness and Gastrointestinal Connection
In 1996, the UK government embarked on a plan to require long-term safety tests for all genetically modified foods. A grant was awarded to a team of researchers to develop the testing protocol. Led by Arpad Pusztai of the prestigious Rowett Institue, the team developed a GM potato to use as the first subject for their studies. The potatoes were engineered with a gene from the snowdrop plant, which produces an insecticide called the GNA lectin. The team found that GM crops cause gastrointestinal tissue damage. Once the finding was made all further testing was prohibited! To this day independent testing of genetically engineered food is controlled by the biotech industry and open and honest documentation of potential harm remains an unresolved mystery. Today a 35 year old man had his entire colon removed. A surgical nurse, who is familiar with my health history saw that his entire body was covered with the same Morgellons sores just like what I once had when I was at my worst. She knew immediately what he had. She made an inquiry of the mans physicians as to what he thought was the reason for this patients severe GI illness and the accompanying sores. The physician said he had an autoimmune disease and the sores were not only on his skin but throughout his GI tract. What I know is that this young man lost his guts to this illness. He is not aware of why. His doctor is not aware of why and yet I would bet he would test positive for agrobacterium IF TESTED! How long will the denial and cover-up of the harm GM food causes be allowed to ruin lives? How long are we going to be told there is no illness as a result of GM food? How long are we going to allow corporate profit to have take priority over human wellbeing? When will truth win out over greed? 146 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Five

From book: Genetically Engineered Food A Self-Defense Guide for Consumers:

Perhaps most alarming of all, Pusztai and Dr. Stanley Ewen, a pathologist at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland, drew the interim conclusion that damage to the rats intestines and stomach linings-apparently a severe viral infection-- most likely was caused by the CaMv viral promoter, a promoter derived from the Cauliflower Mosaic Virus, which is gene-spliced as a chemical switch into nearly all GE foods and crops. As Pusztai noted in an article in the U.K. Sunday Herald, If there really is a problem with the CaMv viral promoter, it probably wont apply just to the potatoes, but probably to all other transgenes [i.e. all other GE foods]. In other words every gene-food out there containing the CaMv viral promoter could have unknown effects on our organs and immune system. Many scientists from around the world have echoed Dr. Pusztais warnings about the inherent dangers of genetically engineeered foods and the use of the Cauliflower Mosaic Viral (CaMv) Promoter. Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan, and Dr. Joe Cummins researchers at The Open University in England and University of Western Ontario, Canada, highlight human health risks associated with the CaMv: The use of the CaMv has the potential to reactivate dormant viruses or create new viruses in all species to which it is transferred. This transgenic instability increases the possibility of promotion of an inappropriate over-expression of genes to the transferred species. The development of cancer may be one consequence of such inappropriate over-expression of genes. Ho, Ryan and Cummins strongly recommend that all transgenic crops and animal feeds containing CaMv be banned.

From: WebMD Health News:March 2, 2009 -- Wine drinkers have a lower risk for developing a cancer of the esophagus that is one of the deadliest and fastest growing cancers in the U.S., new research shows. Esophageal cancer rates have increased over the last three decades, due to a more than 500% increase of a subtype of the cancer linked to acid reflux disease, known as esophageal adenocarcinoma.


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Gastrointestinal Illnesses
After reading the scientific research and applying it to the development of my ill health there is no doubt in my mind what has caused the decline of my health. There is no doubt in my mind that Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) are forming in my body. That I am fighting with a multitude of biotoxins as a result of the constant reintroduction of these toxins and altered organisms to my body. My body and surroundings are infested. I have breathed in the pollen of GM corn and soybeans every year since it has been planted in Illinois or Wisconsin. I then consumed the soy beans and ate the corn and corn/soy products that are in a great percentage of our foods. I ate meats laced with every possible contaminate imaginableworse than imaginable. I worked in the soil in my gardens. My initial health decline was my gastrointestinal (GI) tract becoming increasingly more intolerant of foods. Acid reflex, heartburn and ulcer like stomach pain has been a part of my daily existence for at least 12 years. This has been a common symptom experienced by many of the others I have talked to. The studies have shown that the GMOs can cause thickening of the lining of the esophagus and stomach. In 2007 I had difficulty swallowing and went to a gastroenterologist. My esophagus was so inflamed he was unable to do a biopsy for cancer due to the extensive tissue abnormalities and I had to go back to have it done 4 months later. To this day I have ongoing issues with the damage done to my esophagus and I am not sure it will ever fully recover. See photos at end of chapter.

Is GM food the cause of chronic illnesses? Is research denied by biotech industryhow could they?
Pusztai was invited to speak on television about GM food. With permission from his director, he was interviewed and spoke generally about his researchwithout sharing details in advance of publication. For about two days he was a hero at his institute, which was besieged with press. Then, allegedly two phone calls were placed from the UK prime ministers office, forwarded through the receptionist to the director. The next morning, Pusztai was released from his job after 35 years and silenced with threats of a lawsuit, the 20-member research team was disbanded, and the project terminated. A part of the results were eventually published in the Lancet. 148 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Five In spite of the preliminary nature of evidence, it remains the most indepth GMO feeding study ever published. [I-SIS GM potatoes damaged rats] In addition to the formation of abnormal GI tract tissue the studies showed that GM bacteria in our mouth can take up and express the DNA containing antibiotic resistance genes. Could they also take up and express the insect carrying illnesses? Did the GMOs cause my health to decline? The time line was right, I became ill soon after GM crops were introduced into our food supply. Was antibiotic resistance caused by GMOs the reason why antibiotics were not effective for me when the roots of my teeth became infected? When I had surgery and developed peritonitis was it once again due to antibiotic resistance due to GMOs? I believe all this to be the case. Did the GM food introduce the Bb or other insect borne illness into my system I believe that to be the case. I and many others have never been bitten by the ticks which have been shown to be the cause of Lyme Disease. I think now the vectors of these illnesses are not only crawling around in the grass ready to jump onto us or our pets, I think they are crawling around in our gastrointestinal system due to gene transfer of pathogens of all types. We are eating them along with our corn chips! When did my body first begin to form fibers and organisms? I am not sure because when this all began it was not something a normal person would recognize. A person who has never experienced this phenomenon can ever imagine, believe or understand what this is like. It is beyond comprehension. Organisms of various kinds develop in my tissues. There are flakes that look like flukes that from out of my pores. There appears to be a fungus throughout my body and from that these organisms either grow or are a secondary aspect of it. Who knows? NOBODY! This silent superbug is sweeping through our ecosystem and few are acknowledging itmost are in complete denial of it. Most people who are infected with it do not even know it yet. Their physicians do not know how to recognize it. Pathologists do not know how to see it in the lab work. The spread of this gets more vast everyday. People are being misdiagnosed, being prescribed mind altering drugs while the real culprit continues to destroy their immune systems, nervous systems and their chronic illness worsens. There are so many similarities, yet also so many variations, to this disease that it will be next to impossible to actually diagnosis this as a specific 149

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness ease. It is the illness of biotoxins, it is the illness of GERD (acid reflux), it is nanotoxicology, it is autoimmune disease, it is neuro toxins, encephalitis, diabetes, viral infections, fungal infections and bacterial superbugs. DNA is combining with bacteria, fungus, virus and insects and now our own natural defenses cannot stop the invasion. This is all to foreign for our immune systems to identify the invadersthus the term stealth viruses or stealth bacteria. Our own immune system is unable to recognize the pathogens because they are missing the components that would normally be recognized by our immune systems. According to Dr. John Martin many people have the fibers who do not have the sores or other Morgellons symptoms, they have Autism, or Chronic Fatigue, or various types of dementia. I have learned that people with Lyme Disease and Autism also frequently suffer with acid reflux (GERD) symptoms as well. Throughout my research I realized how many identical symptoms are shared by people who do not have Morgellons disease but have dis-ease that I believe will eventually be proven to be linked to environmental exposures that have overwhelmed our normal bodily defenses, triggered a dormant virus or created a new one. The group of doctors who wrote the following article links Autism and Lyme Disease. I believe there is a connection between most chronic conditions and genetically modified organisms and/or nano particles such as Morgellons. Dr. Martin was running a clinical trial treating Autism with the same energy treatment as he was having success with in treating Herpes and in my case, Morgellons. In the clinical trial that I participated in the father of a child with autism had Morgellons sores all over his exposed arms. He did not know it was Morgellons but others who saw him and were there at the clinic for Morgellons treatment knew what they were and made him aware of it. There is a connection to all these diseases, be it stealth viruses, nano particles, agrobacterium or Bartonella, Mycoplayma, Babesia co-infection with Borrelia burgdorferi. These illnesses share a common etiology that is not yet pinned down. Added up it amounts to TOXINS from every direction that our body is trying to get rid of.


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Five
Summary from

The association between tick-borne infections, Lyme borreliosis and autism spectrum disorders
Robert C. Brtansfield, Jeffery Wulfam, Willaim T. Harvey, and Anju Usman Online link: Chronic infection disease, including tick-borne infections such as Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) may have direct effects, promote other infections and create a weakened, sensitized and immunologically vulnerable state during fetal development and infancy leading to increased vulnerability for developing autism spectrum disorders. A dysfunctional synergism with other predisposing and contributing factors may contribute to autism spectrum disorders by provoking innate and adaptive immune reactions to cause and perpetuate effects in susceptible individuals that result in inflammation, molecular mimicry, kynurenine pathway changes, increased quinolinic acid and decreased serotonin, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and excitotoxicity that impart the development of the amygdala and other neural stuctures and neural networks resulting in a partial Kluver-Bucy syndrome and other deficits resulting autism spectrum disorders and/or exacerbating autism spectrum disorders from other causes throughout life. Support for this hypothesis includes multiple cases of mothers with Lyme disease and children with autism spectrum disorders; fetal neurolgical abnormalities associated with tick-borne disease; similarities between tick-born disease and autism spectrum disorder regarding symptoms, pathophysiology, immune reactivity, temporal lobe pathology, and brain imagine data; positive reactivity in several studies with autistic spectrum disorder patients for Bb (22%, 26% and 20-30%) and 58% for mycoplasma; similar geographic distribution and improvement in autistic symptoms from antibiotic treatment. It is imperative to research these and all possible causes of autism spectrum disorders in order to prevent every preventable case and treat every treatable case until this disease has been eliminated from humanity. [End Summary]


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Also from the above article: Clinical experience and historical review with adult patients subsequently diagnosed with chronic Bb or tick borne illnesses (TBI) has shown dysfunctions and sensitivities comparable with clinical manifestations in autism spectrum disorder patients. For instance, adults with chronic Bb/TBI often demonstrate development of new extreme sensitivities to environmental agents, including mercy/ heavy metals, chemicals and fumes, food additives, (even simple allergens such as animal dander) etc.. that rapidly lead to symptom exacerbation and clinical decline. Many also develop new gastrointestinal dysfunction, food intolerances/sensitivities, and food craving for wheat and refined carbohydrates/sugar that actually cause symptom flares. Autism and BI/TBI patients both have inflammatory bowel disorders associated with gastrointestinal symptoms. Fried performed GI biopsies on 15 children with documented prior Lyme Disease who had persistent gastrointestinal symptoms and 15/15 had chronic inflammation and were PCR positive for Borrelia DNA vs. 2/10 in Crohns controls. 2/3 of these children had been treated with prior antibiotics for Bb suggesting that Bb and chronic inflammation can persist. He also biopsied children with inflammatory bowel disease and children with Bb/TBI and demonstrated the presence of Bb, Bartonella, Mycoplasma, Babesia and Helicobacter pylori.

Gastrointestinal dysfunction was my initial symptom, years ago but I had no idea it was caused by something such as GMOs and now possibly inhaling nano particles. And, if it cannot be proven with research that there is a link I suppose I cannot make the claim that I know in fact these are in fact a factor in my declining health. Our toxic foods and toxic enviornment ruins our GI tract in various ways then the other chronic illnesses develop.


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Five

This is a photo of a healthy esophagus

Below are photos of my esophagus! Not good! My gastroenterologist could not even make a determination if I had cancer due to all the inflammation and diseased tissue! Swallowing can be difficult. I believe it all begins in the gastointestinal tract and perhaps those most affected already have what is called leaky gut syndrome. Nobody knows yet or they are not telling us about it! GERD has increased by 500% in the recent years!


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Chapter Six
What Else in the SAD is Destroying Your Health ?
Meat tainted with antibiotics, manure, heavy metals and more..... As I and others with Morgellons continued to try to figure out what might be going on in our bodies I came across the book Cell Wall Deficient Forms, Stealth Pathogens by Professor Lida H. Mattman. This would prove to be a very valuable incite into microorganisms and how they have a way of changing from one form to anotherpleomorphism. As noted previously, Morgellons is highly pleomorphic, and I suspect GMOs will also eventually be proven to be highly pleomorphic as well. One of the early health problems I experienced is that antibiotics were no longer very effective in dental or abdominal infections. Preface from above book: Pleomorphic forms are the first growth in culture, and usually predominate as the pathogen flourishes in vivo. They were observed in clinical specimens in the laboratories of Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch and recognized as pathogenic. So why have they been ignored for many decades? In classrooms, two errors have been perpetuated: (1) students are taught to fix smears with heat [due to their high lipid content, cell wall deficient forms melt into globs when heated], and (2) only the Gram stain is on the desks of microbiology students. The Gram stain should always be accompanied by Acridine Orange, which shows that otherwise unidentified material contains nucleic acids and, therefore, is cellular. Pleomorphism is an unfortunate phenomenon from the diagnostic point of view. Bacteria and fungi have lost their name tags. However, the greater efficiency in solving diagnostic mysteries compensates for the great inconvenience in identification. What Professor Mattmans work taught me is that many genera of bacteria and viruses can spontaneously autolysis (pleomorph into another form). Staphylococcal growth shows especially vigorous autolysis. After 2 hours incubation, many cocci escape from their cell walls, even in the absence of an antibiotic. Organisms do not always remain within their cells walls and thus become cell wall deficient variant forms, also referred to as an 154 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Six L-forms or mycoplama. The L-form of organisms are usually very difficult to identify in the laboratory hence the title stealth bacteria or stealth virus and also more difficult for the immune system to recognize. Yet, even though they go undetected in pathology, they still have the ability to revert back into a pathological illnesses (perhaps mutate into new ones) at some point when the environment is right for them to once again become infective. Actually, this occurs so frequently, that classical bacterial morphology is rather rare, occurring only when all synthesis and degradation are in fine balance. Cell wall deficient forms thus are a very common occurrence. (Yet seldom identified in pathology labs....hmmm?) It has also been shown that most antibiotics are agents which initiate cell wall deficient forms. L-variant growth has been elucidated from many antibiotics: the penicillins, bacitracin, novobiocin, bancomycin, and ristocetins. D cycloserine can also produce cell wall deficient forms by interrupting cell wall structuring. Organisms induced into variant forms with penicillin include: Brucella, Clostrida, E. coli, Hemophilus influenzae, Listeria monocytogenes, Proteus mirabilit, Salmonells gallinarum, S.typhi, Vibrio cholerae, and vitroeoscilla. Pseumomonas aeruginosa produces stable L colonies after exposure to Polymyxin B. This organism also multiplies as L-forms when the classical bacilli enter distilled water. Fosfomycin can induce protoplasts and Lforms of S. aureus. [Cell Wall Deficient Forms: Stealth Pathogens] By mechanisms not always defined, it seems that any antimicrobial substance can, in the right conditions, foster variations in bacteria and fungi. In order to effectively kill the various organisms there had to be an appropriate antibiotic or antifungal used in high enough concentration for a long enough period of time for there to be a 100 percent kill. If, on the other hand, there were only minimal amounts of antibiotic available this increased the likelihood of the development of highly resistant variant Lforms. It appears the bugs have a good self-preservation system in place, maybe that is why they have survived for centuries. These L-forms can go into hiding and become dormant for years if necessary. They can also go undetected in many lab tests, yet once the conditions are right, they will revert back into the original pathogen (or a new one) and become infective again. This self-preservation system occurs in 155

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness bacteria, viruses and fungi. In addition to the variant forms of self preservation they can form biofilms, another way they hide from our immune systems. More on biofilms later. Now I certainly am no microbiologist or scientist so I do not have the credentials to make statements about some of this....but given the fact that organisms can fairly easily mutate into other types of highly resistant Lforms when subjected to low levels of antibiotics, even an average person like myself would think that it would not be a good practice to be feeding low levels of antibiotics to our chickens, hogs, and beef and injecting antibiotics into milk cows! When we eat these animals or drink the milk we subject our entire population to low levels of antibiotics everyday. This would be especially dangerous to our young children. Is it any wonder that we have Superbugs? We are creating these organisms from the inappropriate method of food production which the protectors of our health evidently do not find to be a problem. Well, I sure have a problem with it and I hope you do too. This report is prepared by our very own US Government

What Do We Feed to Food-Production Animals? A Review of Animal Feed Ingredients and Their Potential Impacts on Human Health
Amy R. Sapkota,1,2 Lisa Y. Lefferts,1,3 Shawn McKenzie,1 and Polly Walker1 1Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; 2Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA; 3Lisa Y. Lefferts Consulting, Nellysford, Virginia, USA

Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 115 | Number 5 | May 2007 Public Domain - US Government document
OBJECTIVE: Animal feeding practices in the United States have changed considerably over the past century. As large-scale, concentrated production methods have become the predominant model for animal husbandry, animal feeds have been modified


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

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to include ingredients ranging from rendered animals and animal waste to antibiotics and organoarsenicals. In this article we review current U.S. animal feeding practices and etiologic agents that have been detected in animal feed. Evidence that current feeding practices may lead to adverse human health impacts is also evaluated. DATA SOURCES: We reviewed published veterinary and humanhealth literature regarding animal feeding practices, etiologic agents present in feed, and human health effects along with proceedings from animal feed workshops. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted from peer-reviewed articles and books identified using PubMed, Agricola, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Drug Administration, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention databases. DATA SYNTHESIS: Findings emphasize that current animal feeding practices can result in the presence of bacteria, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, prions, arsenicals, and dioxins in feed and animal-based food products. Despite a range of potential human health impacts that could ensue, there are significant data gaps that prevent comprehensive assessments of human health risks associated with animal feed. Limited data are collected at the federal or state level concerning the amounts of specific ingredients used in animal feed, and there are insufficient surveillance systems to monitor etiologic agents from farm to fork. CONCLUSIONS: Increased funding for integrated veterinary and human health surveillance systems and increased collaboration among feed professionals, animal producers, and veterinary and public health officials is necessary to effectively address these issues. Animal-based food products derived from cattle, swine, sheep, poultry, and farmed fish constitute a significant portion of the current U.S. diet. In 2003, the U.S. per capita consumption of total meats (including beef, pork, veal, lamb, poultry, fish, and shellfish) was 90.5 kg/year [U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2005a]. Data from animal-production researchers demonstrate that the quality of these products is directly related to animal feeding practices (Capucille et al. 2004; Gatlin et al. 2003; Zaghini et al.


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2005). Therefore, given the high consumption of animal-based food products in the United States, the ingredients used in animal feed are fundamentally important in terms of both the quality of the resulting food products and the potential human health impacts associated with the animal-based food-production chain. In the early 1900s, animals produced for food in the United States were raised on small family farms where cows predominantly grazed on pasture and young chickens were fed primarily a cornbased diet (Erf 1907). However, in the past 60 years, farms and animal feed formulations have undergone significant changes. Small family-owned and operated farms have been replaced almost entirely by a system of large-scale operations where individual farmers contract with vertically integrated corporations. High rates of food production have been achieved through these systems in which the scale of operations requires the high throughput generation of animals for processing. Animals are raised in confinement and fed defined feeds that are formulated to increase growth rates and feed-conversion efficiencies. These present day animal feeds contain mixtures of plant-based products, as well as other ingredients ranging from rendered animals and animal waste to antibiotics and organoarsenicals. The inclusion of these ingredients in animal feeds can result in the presence of a range of biological, chemical, and other etiologic agents in feed that can affect the quality and safety of animal-based food products and pose potential risks to human health. Since December 2003, when the first U.S. case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was identified in a dairy cow in Washington State, there has been increased attention from veterinary and public health professionals regarding the quality and safety of U.S. animal feed, as well as the safety of subsequent animalbased food products. Yet, the focus of such attention is often limited to one particular facet of animal feed and its associated animal or human health effect (i.e., the impact of rendered animals in feed formulations on the risk of BSE, the impact of bacterial contamination of animal feed on human bacterial illnesses). However, to begin to understand the broad range of potential human health impacts associated with current animal feeding practices, it is necessary to examine the full spectrum of feeding practices and assess their potential human health implications collectively. In this article we review U.S. animal feedproduction practices;


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animal feed ingredients; and biological, chemical, and other etiologic agents that have been detected in animal feed. In addition, we evaluate evidence that current feeding practices may be associated with adverse human health impacts, and address the data gaps that prevent comprehensive assessments of human health risks associated with animal feed.

U.S. Animal Feed Production

The U.S. animal feed industry is the largest producer of animal feed in the world (Gill 2004). In 2004, over 120 million tons of primary animal feed, including mixes of feed grains, mill by-products, animal proteins, and microingredient formulations (i.e., vitamins, minerals, and antibiotics) were produced in the United States (Gill 2004). In the same year, the United States exported nearly $4 billion worth of animal feed ingredients (International Trade Centre 2004). The structure of the U.S. animal feed industry is complex, with a multitude of industries and individual producers contributing to the production, mixing, and distribution of feed ingredients and complete feed products. However, there are a few firms that play principal roles in the manufacture of U.S. feeds, including feed mills, rendering plants, and protein blenders [General Accounting Office (GAO) 2000]. Feed mills combine plant- and animal-based feed ingredients to produce mixes designed for specific animal species (GAO 2000). Rendering plants transform slaughter byproducts and animals that are unsuitable for human consumption into animal feed products using grinding, cooking, and pressing processes (GAO 2000; National Renderers Association Inc. 2005a). Protein blenders mix processed plant- and animal-based protein ingredients from many sources into animal feeds (GAO 2000). Once animal feed ingredients are mixed, an estimated 17,500 U.S. animal feed dealers distribute the final feed products to individual feeding operations (Feedstuffs 2005).

Animal Feed Ingredients and Feeding Practices

Animal feed ingredients that constitute complete feed products are derived from a multitude of raw materials of plant and animal origin, as well as pharmaceutical and industrial sources. Specific feed ingredients vary depending upon the animal (i.e., poultry, swine, cattle); Table 1 provides an overview of feed ingredients that are legally permitted and used in U.S. animal feed. More


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Table 1 Animal feed ingredients that are legally used in U.S. animal feeds Examples Origin, raw material Alfalfa meal and hay, Bermuda coastal grass hay, corn Plant forage plant, and soybean hay grains Barley, corn (organic and genetically modified) oats, rice, sorghum, and wheat Canola meal, cottonseed cakes and meats, peanut Plant Protein meal, safflower meal, and soybean (organic and genetically modified) feed and meal Processed grain Distillers products, brewers dried grains, corn gluten, by-products sorghum germ cake and meal, peanut skins, and wheat bran Dried citrus pulp, apple pomace, and pectin pulp Fruit and fruit Beet, citrus, starch and cane molasses by-products Almond hulls and ground shells, buckwheat hulls, leMolasses Misc. gumes and their by-products Meat meal, meat meal tankage, meat and bone meal, Animal renderings poultry meal, animal by-product meal, dried animal protein from slaughter blood, blood meal, feather meal, egg-shell meal, hydroof food production ani- lyzed whole poultry, hydrolyzed hair, bone marrow, and mals and other animals animal digest from dead, dying, diseased, or disabled animals including deer and elk Animal waste Dried ruminant waste, dried swine waste, dried poultry litter, and undried processed animal waste products Fish meal, fish residue meal, crab meal, shrimp meal, fish oil, fish liver and glandular meal, and fish by-prodMarine by-products ucts Dried cow milk, casein, whey products, and dried Dairy Products cheese Animal fat, vegetable fat or oil, and hydrolyzed fats Mixed Edible food waste from restaurants, bakeries, and caffats and oils eterias Restaurant food waste Food adulterated with rodent, roach, or bird excreta Contaminated food that has been heat treated to destroy pathogenic organadulterated food isms Tetracyclines, macrolides, fluoroquinolones, and streptogramins, spent mycelium and fermentation products Antibiotics By-products of drug Mfg Roxarsone and arsanilic acid Copper compound and metal amino acid complexes Arsenicals Urea, ammonium chloride, and ammonium sulfate Metal compounds Bone charcoal, calcium carbonate, chalk rock, iron salts, Nonprotein mitrogen magnesium salts, and oyster shell flour Minerals Vitamins A, D, B12, E, niacin, and betaine Vitamins Aspergillis niger, Bacillus subtilis, Bifidobacterium animaDirect fed organisms lis, Enterococcus faecium and yeast Flavors Aloe vera gel concentrate, ginger, capsicum, and fennel Enzymes Phytase, cellulase, lactase, lipase, pepsin, and catalase Acetic acid, sulfuric acid, aluminum salts, dextrans, glycerin, beeswax, sorbitol, and riboflavin Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and sodium bisulfite Herbal and botanical products Polyethylene roughage replacement


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specific information about feed ingredients listed in Table 1 is available in the Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials, Inc. (AAFCO), which is published annually (AAFCO 2004), and in Lefferts et al. (2006). In the present review we focus on feed ingredients listed in Table 1 that raise specific concerns for public health, including rendered animal products, animal waste, plant- and animal- based fats, antibiotics, and metals.

Rendered animal products.

In 2003, the U.S. rendering industry produced > 8 million metric tons of rendered animal products, including meat and bone meal, poultry byproduct meal, blood meal, and feather meal (National Renderers Association Inc. 2005b). Most of these products were incorporated into animal feed. However, data concerning the specific amounts of rendered animal protein that are used in animal feed are difficult to obtain because the information is neither routinely collected at the federal or state level nor reported by the rendering industry. The latest available data, collected by the USDA in 1984, estimated that > 4 million metric tons of rendered animal products were used as animal feed ingredients (USDA 1988). Oftentimes these ingredients are listed on animal feed labels as animal protein products. Thus, it is difficult to discern precisely which animal protein products are included in a particular animal feed product (Lefferts et al. 2006).

Animal waste.
Another major animal proteinbased feed ingredient is animal waste, including dried ruminant waste, dried poultry litter, and dried swine waste (AAFCO 2004; Haapapuro et al. 1997). As with rendered animal products, there are no national data on the total amounts of animal waste included in animal feeds, although some states have collected limited data concerning this practice. In 2003, it was estimated that approximately 1 million tons of poultry litter were produced annually in Florida, and an estimated 350,000 tons of this litter were available for use in feed (Dubberly 2003). Yet, information concerning the precise amount of this available poultry litter that was actually incorporated into Florida animal feed was unavailable.


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Recycling animal waste into animal feed has been practiced for > 40 years as a means of cutting feed costs. However, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not officially endorse the use of animal waste in feed and has issued statements voicing the agencys concern about the presence of pathogens and drug residues in animal waste, particularly poultry litter (FDA 1998). In line with these concerns, the AAFCO, an organization that develops guidelines for the safe use of animal feeds, advises that processed animal waste should not contain pathogenic microorganisms, pesticide residues, or drug residues that could harm animals or eventually be detected in animalbased food products intended for human consumption (AAFCO 2004). Nonetheless, these guidelines are not adequately enforced at the federal or state level. Plant- and animal-based fats. In addition to animal proteinbased ingredients, fats originating from both plant and animal sources are included in animal feed (Table 1) and may contain contaminants such as dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which are harmful to human health. In 1988, the USDA (1988) reported that approximately 1.3 million metric tons of fats were used in the production of U.S. primary animal feed. Unfortunately, as with many other animal feed ingredients, we were not able to obtain recent data. Yet, because as much as 8% of feed could be composed of fats alone (Schmidt 2004), the quality (i.e., contaminant levels) of both plant and animal fats used in animal feed could be important factors in the ultimate safety of animal-based food products.

The use of antibiotics in animal feed is also a public health concern. Antibiotics are administered at nontherapeutic levels in feed and water to promote growth and improve feed efficiency. This practice has been shown to select for antibiotic resistance in both commensal and pathogenic bacteria in a) the animals themselves (Aarestrup et al. 2000; Bager et al. 1997; Gorbach 2001; Wegener 2003); b) subsequent animal-based food products (Hayes et al. 2003; White et al. 2001); and c) water, air, and soil samples collected around large-scale animal feeding operations (Chapin et al. 2005; Chee-Sanford et al. 2001; Gibbs et al. 2006; Jensen et al. 2002). Although the use of nontherapeutic levels of antibiotics in animal feed is approved and regulated by the FDA (2004), there is no U.S. data collection system regarding the specific types and


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amounts of antibiotics that are used for this purpose. In response to this significant data gap, several estimates of nontherapeutic antibiotic usage have been published based on USDA livestock production data and FDA antibiotic usage regulations. For example, Mellon et al. (2001) estimated that as much as 6080% of antibiotics produced in the United States are administered in feed to healthy livestock at nontherapeutic levels. Many of these antibiotics are the same compounds that are administered to humans in clinical settings, and include tetracyclines, macrolides, streptogramins, and fluoroquinolones (FDA 2004). Additional information regarding the types and amounts of antibiotics used in U.S. livestock is available in AAFCO (2004), FDA (2004), and Mellon et al. (2001).

Metal compounds are also administered in animal feeds, and the compounds currently added to both swine and poultry feeds that are particularly concerning from a public health perspective are organoarsenicals. The most commonly used organoarsenical, roxarsone (4-hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsenic-acid), is administered to feeds at concentrations ranging from 22.7 g/ton to 45.4 g/ton to promote growth and improve feed efficiency (Chapman and Johnson 2002). When used in combination with ionophores, roxarsone also act as a cococcidiostat to control intestinal parasites (Chapman and Johnson 2002). Once roxarsone is ingested by animals, the parent compound can be degraded into inorganic arsenite (AsIII) and inorganic arsenate (AsV) in animal digestive tracts and animal waste (Arai et al. 2003; Stolz et al. 2007). Both AsIII and AsV are classified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) as group A human carcinogens (U.S. EPA 1998). Many other metallic compounds are also mixed into feeds, including copper, manganese, magnesium, and zinc compounds, as well as metal amino acid complexes (AAFCO 2004).Biological, Chemical, and Other Etiologic Agents Detected in Animal Feed Because of current animal feeding practices, biological, chemical, and other etiologic agents have been detected in animal feeds (Table 2)(Hinton 2000; Orriss 1997). These agents include bacterial pathogens, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, prions, metals, mycotoxins, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and PCBs (Crump et al. 2002; Dargatz et al. 2005; Eljarrat et al. 2002; Lasky et al. 2004; Moreno- Lopez 2002).



Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

There is substantial evidence that U.S. animal feeds are often contaminated with important human foodborne bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella spp. (Crump et al. 2002; Davis et al. 2003; Krytenburg et al. 1998) and Escherichia coli, including E. coli O157:H7 (Dargatz et al. 2005; Davis et al. 2003; Lynn et al. 1998; Sargeant et al. 2004). Studies of Salmonella spp. indicate that this pathogen can enter animal feeds at several points throughout the feed production process, including the primary production of feed ingredients, milling, mixing, and/or storage (Maciorowski et al. 2006). However, a main source of Salmonella spp. contamination in animal feed is often the specific feed ingredients (originating from both plant and animal sources) that are combined at feed mills (Coma 2003; Davis et al. 2003). Once complete feeds are delivered to animal feeding operations, additional contamination with Salmonella spp. can occur if the feeds are disturbed by insects and wild birds or animals that harbor Salmonella spp. (Maciorowski et al. 2006). One of the first reports of the presence of non-typhi serotypes of Salmonella enterica in U.S. poultry feed samples was published by Edwards et al. (1948). Since then, researchers have detected S. enterica in a variety of feed ingredients and complete feed products; however, the results from these studies have been variable. McChesney et al. (1995) found that 56% of 101 animal proteinbased feed samples collected from 78 rendering plants and 36% of 50 vegetable proteinbased feed samples collected from 46 feed mills were positive for S. enterica. In contrast, Krytenburg et al. (1998) detected S. enterica in 9.8% of 295 feed samples from commercially prepared cattle feeds present at feedlots in the northwestern United States. More recently, Dargatz et al. (2005) detected Salmonella spp. in 24% of 175 samples of mixed feed collected from a cattle feedlot in Colorado, and another study identified Salmonella spp. in 14% of meat and bone meal samples collected from a poultry feed mill (Hofacre et al. 2001). E. coli also has been detected in animal feeds (Dargatz et al. 2005; Davis et al. 2003; Lynn et al. 1998; Sargeant et al. 2004). In a study by Lynn et al. (1998), 30.1% of 209 samples of cattle feedcollected from 13 dairies, 1 calf research facility, and 4 feed millswere positive for E. coli; none of the samples were positive for E. coli O157:H7. In contrast, Sargeant et al. (2004) isolated E. coli O157:H7 from 14.9% of 504 cattle feed samples collected in the midwestern United States. More recently, Dargatz et al. (2005) recovered E. coli from 48.2% of 1,070 cattle feed samples collected in Colorado.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria. 164

Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Table 2

Biological, chemical and other etiologic agents detected in animal feed and their potential human health im-
Potential human health impacts
Bacterial infections Antibiotic resistant bacterial infections variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Etiologic agent


References Angula 2004; Crump et al 2002; Davis et al 2003 Aarestrup et al, 2000; Dargatz et al 2005;

Bacteria Antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Salmonella spp., E.ColiO157:H7 E faecium, E. coli, C. jejuni


Causative agent of BSE


Roxarsone, AsIII. AsV

Schwalbe et al. 1999; Sorensen Increased human exposures to inorganic et al. 2001;
arsenic that may contribute to increase in Gizzi et al. 2003; Smith 2003 cancer risk

Chapter Six


Aflatoxins, achratoxins, ins that may contribute to increases in fumonisins, cancer and noncancer risks Bhat and Vasanthi 1999; Hustrechothecenes sein and Brasel 2001 Increased human exposures to dioxinDioxins and dioxin-like PCDDs, PCDFs, PCBs like compounds that may contribute to Eljarrat et al. 2002; Fries 1995; compounds increased in cancer and noncancer risks

Chapman and Johnson 2002; Increased human exposures to mycotox- Lasky et at. 2004

Huwe and Larsen 2005

Insufficient data are available to fully understand the magnitude of potential human health impacts associated with contaminated animal feed. Antibiotic resistant bacteria initially present in animal feed due to contaminated feed ingredients, and antibiotic resistant bacteria results from the nontherapeutic use of antibiotics in feed. Domestically acquired cases of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease have not been documented in the United States


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A limited number of studies also have detected antibioticresistant bacteria in animal feeds. Schwalbe et al. (1999) tested poultry feeds and isolated Enterococcus faecium that were resistant to vancomycin, gentamicin, streptomycin, and ampicillin. In a study of cattle feed ingredients, Dargatz et al. (2005) found that 38.7% of 514 E. coli isolates were resistant to cephalothin, 24.7% were resistant to ampicillin, 16.6% were resistant to cefoxitin, and 12.1% were resistant to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Among the 57 Salmonella spp. recovered from cattle feed ingredients, 34.5% were resistant to sulfamethoxazole, 15.5% were resistant to cephalothin, 13.8% were resistant to cefoxitin, 12.1% were resistant to ampicillin, 10.3% were resistant to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, and 10.3% were resistant to ceftiofur (Dargatz et al. 2005). In the same study, the authors also detected multiple antibiotic-resistant E. coli and Salmonella spp. In another study, 165 rendered animal protein products originating from poultry, cattle, and fish were sampled from a poultry feed mill and tested for antibiotic-resistant bacteria (Hofacre et al. 2001). Eighty-five percent of all feed ingredients sampled contained bacteria resistant to one or more of the following four antibiotics: ampicillin, amoxicillin, clavulanic acid, and cephalothin. Poultry meal and bone and meat meal (nonpoultry) samples represented the greatest number of feed ingredient samples containing bacteria resistant to five or more antibiotics (Hofacre et al. 2001).

In addition to bacteria, animal feeds (in particular, cattle feeds) can be contaminated with the infectious agent associated with BSE (Gizzi et al. 2003). BSE, which is commonly referred to as mad cow disease, belongs to a group of progressively degenerative neurologic diseases called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) (Deslys and Grassi 2005; Smith 2003). The causative agent of TSEs is believed to be an infectious proteinaceous entity called a prion, which is composed largely of a protease-resistant misfolded protein (PrPSc). Infectious prions can be present in animal feed as a result of using rendered animal products from diseased animals as feed ingredients. Although prions may be present in all body tissues of diseased animals, it is generally acknowledged that prions accumulate in highest concentrations in central nervous system tissues (GAO 2002; Smith 2003) that are referred to as specified risk materials (SRMs). As defined by


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Chapter Six
the USDA Food Safety Inspection Service (USDA 2005b), SRMs include the skull, brain, eyes, parts of the vertebral column, spinal cord, trigeminal ganglia, and dorsal root ganglia of cattle > 30 months of age, as well as the tonsils and distal ileum of all cattle. In 1997, the FDA banned SRMs from use in cattle and other ruminant feed (GAO 2002). Nonetheless, SRMs were allowed to be incorporated into feeds for nonruminants (including poultry), and subsequent waste products from nonruminants are still permitted in ruminant feeds (USDA 2005b). As of yet, there are no definitive tests for BSE infectivity in live animals (before symptoms appear) (Deslys and Grassi 2005; GAO 2002). However, a number of rapid screening tests based on ELISA or Western blot analyses have been approved for post-mortem BSE testing in cattle. Currently, the USDA is conducting a national BSE testing program; yet, only high-risk cattle are included in the program and there are no plans to test animal feed samples (that could include animal protein from asymptomatic rendered animals) in this surveillance effort (USDA 2004). A variety of tests do exist for the detection of animal tissues (in general) in animal feed, including microscopic analyses, polymerase chain reaction, immunoassay analyses, and near infrared spectroscopy (Gizzi et al. 2003); nonetheless, these methods are not robust enough to distinguish between bovine products that are permitted in ruminant feeds (i.e., milk and blood) and bovine products that are prohibited from ruminant feeds (GAO 2002; Momcilovic and Rasooly 2000).

Mycotoxins unintentionally appear in animal feed as a result of the inadvertent use of mycotoxin-contaminated feed ingredients such as cereal grains. Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi (molds) that can invade crops while they are growing in the field and while they are being processed and stored (Bhat and Vasanthi 1999). The mycotoxins of greatest agricultural and public health significance include aflatoxins, ochratoxins, trichothecenes, fumonisins, zearalenone, and ergot alkaloids (Cleveland et al. 2003; Hussein and Brasel 2001). The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC 1993) has classified aflatoxin as a group 1 human carcinogen; ochratoxins and fumonosins as group 2B possible human carcinogens; and trichothecenes and zearalenone as noncarcinogens (group 3). Trichothecenes are highly toxic to humans, and zearalenones are recognized endocrine disruptors (IARC 1993). Because of these classifications, the FDA (2001) has established recommended


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

maximum levels for aflatoxins and fumonisins in animal feed. For swine, ruminants, and poultry, the recommended maximum levels of total fumonisins in complete feeds are 10, 30, and 50 g/g, respectively (FDA 2001). Nonetheless, although recommended maximum levels exist, it is very difficult to determine the extent of mycotoxin contamination in feedstuffs. Mycotoxins are unevenly distributed in feed, introducing a significant amount of sampling error into sample analyses (Hussein and Brasel 2001). In addition, there is wide geographic and temporal variability in the occurrence of mycotoxins in animal feed that is partially attributed to environmental factors (i.e., rainfall, humidity) (Hussein and Brasel 2001).

PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs

Other unintentional contaminants of animal feed include dioxins, such as PCDDs and PCDFs, and PCBs (Eljarrat et al. 2002). Based on human and animal studies, IARC (1997) has classified 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD, the most potent dioxin congener) as a group 1 human carcinogen. The presence of PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs in the environment is largely attributed to human activities, including the incineration of plastics and industrial processes involving chlorinated compounds. When dioxins and PCBs are released into the environment, they can contaminate plant-based animal feeds through a variety of pathways, including the airborne deposition of particles onto plant and soil surfaces (Fries 1995). When these lipophilic compounds are ingested by food-production animals, they bioaccumulate in fat tissues, making the use of rendered animal fats and oils in animal feed a significant source of exposure to dioxins and PCBs among foodproduction animals (Eljarrat et al. 2002; Institute of Medicine 2003). The most severe example of dioxin- and PCB-contaminated animal feed occurred in Belgium in 1999 (van Larebeke et al. 2001). A fat-melting company inadvertently incorporated mineral oil containing 4050 kg of PCBs and approximately 1 g of dioxins into a mixture of animal-based fats that were subsequently distributed to 10 animal feed producers, resulting in approximately 500 tons of contaminated feed (van Larebeke et al. 2001). The levels (mean SD) of PCBs and dioxins detected in contaminated animal feed were 1658.4 23584.4 ng/g of fat and 2319.8 3851.9 pg international toxic equivalents (I-TEQs)/g of fat, respectively, and resulted in elevated levels of these compounds in animalbased food products such as eggs, poultry, and pork (van Larebeke et al. 2001). Beyond this incident, several European


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studies have described elevated levels of PCDDs and PCDFs in eggs from free-range chickens raised on dioxin-contaminated soils (Schoeters and Hoogenboom 2006). In the United States, a significant episode of dioxin-contaminated feed occurred in 1997 (Hayward et al. 1999). Elevated levels of dioxin were detected in chicken eggs and farm-raised catfish; the source of contamination was traced to ball clay that was used as an anticaking agent and pelleting aid in poultry feed, bovine pellets, and catfish nuggets (Hayward et al. 1999). Once the source of contamination was identified, the FDA issued a statement to producers requesting the elimination of ball clay from feed ingredients (FDA 1997). Aside from these accidents, little data have been generated in the United States concerning levels of dioxins and PCBs that are typically found in U.S. livestock feed. However, numerous studies have documented higher levels of PCBs and dioxins in farmed salmon versus wild-caught salmon, and these elevated contaminant levels have been attributed to contaminated commercial salmon feed (Easton et al. 2002; Hites et al. 2004). For example, Easton et al. (2002) detected total PCBs at mean concentrations of 51,216 pg/g and 5,302 pg/g in farmed and wild-caught salmon, respectively, and a mean concentration of 65,535 pg/g in commercial salmon feed.

Potential Human Health Impacts Associated with Etiologic Agents Present in Animal Feed
To determine whether the presence of biological, chemical, and other etiologic agents in animal feed affects human health, it is necessary to integrate data from robust veterinary and human health surveillance systems that monitor agents in feed, health effects in animals, contaminants in animal-based food products, and illnesses in humans. However, to date, these integrated systems are largely lacking in the United States. Thus, the current evidence regarding human health risks associated with U.S. animal feed has been obtained most from isolated case reports and outbreaks published in the peer-reviewed literature. Some of this evidence is described below and outlined in Table 2; yet, as a result of significant data gaps, this information may represent only a small proportion of potential human health risks associated with animal feed.

Bacterial infections. 169

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Crump et al. (2002) cited the emergence of S. enterica serotype Agona infections in humans in the United States as an example of human foodborne bacterial infections that have been definitively traced to contaminated animal feed. S. enterica serotype Agona infections are characterized by fever, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and vomiting; the illness can be fatal in infants, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals. Before 1970, only two cases of S. enterica serotype Agona infection had been reported in the United States (Crump et al. 2002). However, by 1972, S. enterica serotype Agona was among the top 10 most frequently isolated S. enterica serotypes from human infections (Crump et al. 2002). An epidemiologic study identified the source of these S. enterica serotype Agona infections as chicken meat that originated from a poultry facility where Peruvian fish meal was used as a feed ingredient (Clark et al. 1973; Crump et al. 2002). Clark et al. (1973) found that the fish meal had been contaminated with S. enterica serotype Agona before being incorporated into the poultry feed. Crump et al. (2002) estimated that since the introduction of S. enterica serotype Agona in poultry feed in 1968, this serotype has likely caused over 1 million human bacterial illnesses in the United States. Besides the S. enterica serotype Agona example, there are insufficient data available to understand the extent to which other human bacterial illnesses arising in the United States are the result of contaminated animal feed. Outbreaks of human bacterial illness often can be traced to food-production animals or facilities; however, because of surveillance inadequacies, it is difficult to determine the initial source of bacterial contamination (i.e., animal feed or other factors) within the animal-production environment. Moreover, unlike S. enterica serotype Agonawhich could be traced to poultry feed in 1968 because it was a newly identified serotypeit is much more difficult to understand the associations between more common, widespread serotypes or bacterial species present in animal feed and human illnesses. Nevertheless, with the use of annual U.S. foodborne illness data, estimates concerning the contributions of contaminated animal feed to human bacterial illnesses have been made (Angulo 2004). Based on the assumptions that food-production animals are the source of 95% of human nontyphoidal Salmonella cases and that 10% of food-production animals are infected by Salmonella spp. through the ingestion of contaminated animal feed, it has been estimated that approximately 134,000 cases of human nontyphoidal salmonellosis (including 55 deaths and 1,560 hospitalizations) could be attributed to contaminated animal feed each year (Angulo 2004).


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Six Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections.

Similar to the challenge of determining whether human bacterial illnesses are associated with contaminated animal feed, there are insufficient data available to determine the percentage of antibiotic-resistant human bacterial infections that are attributed to animal feeding practices versus practices and behaviors occurring in human clinical settings. This is largely the result of a) insufficient data on agricultural antibiotic usage in the United States; b) insufficient surveillance data concerning the dissemination of antibiotic-resistant isolates from food-production animals to humans; c) insufficient investigations regarding the original sources of resistant infections diagnosed in hospital settings; and d) underreporting of community-acquired antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. Nonetheless, there is evidence that antibiotic- resistant bacteria can be transmitted from swine and poultry to humans (Aarestrup et al. 2000). Sorensen et al. (2001) reported that after the ingestion of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus faecium originating from contaminated chicken and pork, the resistant bacterium can be isolated from the stool of infected individuals for up to 2 weeks, indicating that antibioticresistant E. faecium can survive and multiply in the human gastrointestinal tract. In addition, there is strong temporal evidence suggesting that some domestically acquired antibioticresistant bacterial infections in humans emerged in the United States only after the approval of specific human antibiotics for use in animal feed or water. For example, prior to 1985 there were little or no fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter jejuni isolated from either poultry or humans in the United States (Smith et al.1999). However, after the FDA approved the use of fluoroquinolones in poultry production in 1995, fluoroquinolone-resistant C. jejuni were detected in both poultry and human isolates. The Minnesota Department of Health completed an analysis of C. jejuni isolates from humans and retail poultry products and found that the proportion of fluoroquinolone-resistant C. jejuni isolated from humans increased from 1.3% in 1992 to 10.2% in 1998 (following the 1995 fluoroquinolone approval) (Smith et al. 1999). In contrast, in Australia, where fluoroquinolones have never been approved for use in animal agriculture, no fluoroquinolone resistance has been detected in C. jejuni isolated from domestically acquired human infections (Unicomb et al. 2003).


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Beyond bacterial infections, a chronic human health risk that has been linked to animal feeding practices is variant CreutzfeldtJakob disease (vCJD), a novel human neurodegenerative prion disease that is currently untreatable and fatal (Collinge 1999). vCJD was first described in 1995 in two teenagers in the United Kingdom and was believed to be caused by infection with the causative agent of BSE or mad cow disease (Smith 2003). Molecular strain-typing studies and experimental transmission studies in mice published in 1996 and 1997 confirmed that vCJD is caused by the same prion strain that causes BSE (Collinge 1999). The primary routes of human exposure to prions remain debatable; however, the most likely route is through the ingestion of beef derived from cattle that were infected when rendered animal proteins from diseased cattle were included in their feed. It is hypothesized that the UK population may have experienced the highest exposures to BSE from 1989 to 1990, when the incidence of BSE Animal feed ingredients and human health was still increasing in cattle and specific bans on high-risk rendered bovine products were still being implemented (Collinge 1999). From 1995 to 2002, there were 121 fatalities out of 129 diagnosed cases in the United Kingdom (Smith 2003). To date, domestically acquired human cases of vCJD have not been identified in the United States. However, since BSE was first identified in the United States in 2003, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have enhanced national surveillance for all types of CJD in the United States through the analysis of multiple cause-of-death data derived from death certificates (CDC 2005). Active CJD surveillance is also being implemented through the Emerging Infections Programs established in four sites across the United States (CDC 2005).

Arsenic-related human health risks.

Because inorganic AsIII and AsV are known human carcinogens, there is considerable concern regarding human exposures to these compounds. Chronic arsenic exposures occurring through the ingestion of contaminated drinking water and dietary sources have resulted in skin cancers, lung cancers, bladder cancers, and prostate cancers, as well as hypertensive heart disease and nephritis [World Health Organization (WHO) 2001]. Although several research groups have begun to elucidate the effects of arsenic


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Six
use in animal feed on environmental concentrations of arsenic in areas where animal waste has been land-applied (Bednar et al. 2003; Garbarino et al. 2003; Jackson et al. 2006; Stolz et al. 2007), only one study to date has explored how the presence of arsenic in U.S. meat products could potentially impact the health of consumers (Lasky et al. 2004). Lasky et al. (2004) determined concentrations of total arsenic in poultry samples using data from the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service, National Residue Program. National chicken consumption data were then used to quantify exposures to total arsenic, inorganic arsenic, and organic arsenic resulting from the consumption of poultry meat. The findings of this study indicated that individuals who consume average amounts of poultry (60 g/day) could ingest 1.385.24 g/day of inorganic arsenic from the ingestion of poultry alone (Lasky et al. 2004), an amount that represents a high proportion of the tolerable daily intake of inorganic arsenic recommended by the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (2 g/kg/day) (WHO 1983). Clearly, additional studies are necessary to further understand the associations between the ingestion of arsenic-contaminated meat and cancer risk.

Mycotoxin-related human health risks.

There are numerous peer-reviewed studies regarding human health effects associated with exposures to mycotoxins. These effects range from carcinogenic and nephrotoxic health effects to dermonecrotic and immunosuppressive health effects (Orriss 1997). Although the main route of human exposure to mycotoxins has been identified as the direct ingestion of contaminated cereals and grains (Orriss 1997), but there are few and conflicting studies about whether the ingestion of meat, milk, and eggs originating from mycotoxin-exposed foodproduction animals is a significant exposure pathway for mycotoxins among humans. Researchers from the USDA Division of Epidemiology and Surveillance, have articulated that the ingestion of mycotoxin-contaminated animal-based food products could pose a concern to public health (Hollinger and Ekperigin 1999). Several studies have identified elevated levels of aflatoxin M1 and other mycotoxins in cow milk (Ghidini et al 2005; Sorensen and Elbaek 2005). In addition, in a study in which pigs were fed 100 mg/day fumonisin B1 for 511 days, mean fumonisin levels in edible muscle tissues were 43 g/kg (Meyer et al. 2003). Although fumonisin levels administered to pigs in this study were significant-


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

ly higher than levels ingested under normal agricultural conditions, the findings suggest that the consumption of meat from animals inadvertently exposed to elevated levels of fumonisin in feed could be a potential pathway for human exposure to these toxins. Others have found that trace levels of ochratoxin A in pork and poultry samples were likely to pose insignificant risks to consumers (Guillamont et al. 2005; Jorgensen 1998).

PCDD-, PCDF-, and PCB-related human health risks.

Many studies have indicated that animal-based food products (including fish and dairy products) are the largest dietary contributors to PCDD, PCDF, and PCB exposures in the U.S. population (Huwe and Larsen 2005; Schecter et al. 1994). Schecter et al. (1994) estimated daily dioxin TEQ intakes associated with the ingestion of dairy, meat, and fish by testing samples collected from a grocery store in upstate New York. When combined with 1986 U.S. food consumption rates, these estimates translated to an average daily dioxin TEQ intake ranging from 18 to 192 pg TEQ for an adult another study that analyzed beef, pork, and poultry samples collected from nine cities across the United States, the estimated daily dietary intake ranged from 5.3 to 16.0 pg TEQ (Huwe and Larsen 2005). These levels represent a considerable portion of the tolerable daily intake for dioxin (TCDD; 14 pg/kg body weight) recommended by the WHO (1999). Chronic exposures to PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs can result in adverse health effects ranging from cancers to impairments in the immune system, endocrine system, and reproductive organs (WHO 1999). Animal-based food products are known to be major dietary sources of human exposure to dioxin-like compounds; yet, the specific role that contaminated animal feeds play in this exposure pathway is unclear.

Food-animal production in the United States has changed markedly in the past century, and these changes have paralleled major changes in animal feed formulations. While this industrialized system of food-animal production may result in increased production efficiencies, some of the changes in animal feeding practices may result in unintended adverse health consequences for consumers of animal-based food products. Currently, the use of animal feed ingredients, including rendered animal products, animal waste,


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Six
antibiotics, metals, and fats, could result in higher levels of bacteria, antibioticresistant bacteria, prions, arsenic, and dioxinlike compounds in animals and resulting animal-based food products intended for human consumption. Subsequent human health effects among consumers could include increases in bacterial infections (antibioticresistant and nonresistant) and increases in the risk of developing chronic (often fatal) diseases such as vCJD. Nevertheless, in spite of the wide range of potential human health impacts that could result from animal feeding practices, there are little data collected at the federal or state level concerning the amounts of specific ingredients that are intentionally included in U.S. animal feed. In addition, almost no biological or chemical testing is conducted on complete U.S. animal feeds; insufficient testing is performed on retail meat products; and human health effects data are not appropriately linked to this information. These surveillance inadequacies make it difficult to conduct rigorous epidemiologic studies and risk assessments that could identify the extent to which specific human health risks are ultimately associated with animal feeding practices. For example, as noted above, there are insufficient data to determine whether other human foodborne bacterial illnesses besides those caused by S. enterica serotype Agona are associated with animal feeding practices. Likewise, there are insufficient data to determine the percentage of antibiotic-resistant human bacterial infections that are attributed to the nontherapeutic use of antibiotics in animal feed. Moreover, little research has been conducted to determine whether the use of organoarsenicals in animal feed, which can lead to elevated levels of arsenic in meat products (Lasky et al. 2004), contributes to increases in cancer risk. In order to address these research gaps, the following principal actions are necessary within the United States: a) implementation of a nationwide reporting system of the specific amounts and types of feed ingredients of concern to public health that are incorporated into animal feed, including antibiotics, arsenicals, rendered animal products, fats, and animal waste; b) funding and development of robust surveillance systems that monitor biological, chemical, and other etiologic agents throughout the animalbased food-production chain from farm to fork to human health outcomes; and c) increased communication and collaboration among feed professionals, food-animal producers, and veterinary and public health officials. END References in back of book


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Protectors of our Health?

If you are of the belief that we have an agency looking out for our health you are sadly misinformed. In every report I have reviewed there is lack of oversight in every area from GM food on our tables to factory fed animals being raised on GM grain, chicken manure, rendered animals (sick and diseased animals, pets and road kill), hormones, antibiotics, metals and fats there is no agency looking after your health. The only interests that are being looked after are corporate profits. You must begin to rely on your own wisdom and not rely on FDA, EPA, NIH or USDA to be working on behalf of your good health. See the movie Food, Inc. The same drug manufacturers producing the animal feed antibiotics are just waiting for humans to get sick so the same drugs can be used to heal all our illnesses. The only thing the physicians know is how to write prescriptions. Even if they do know what should be done they are prohibited from doing what they know is right by the manipulators of the health system which grants them their license. If YOU are not taking responsibility for your own familys health and well-being then be assured no one is. YOU have to study and learn how to protect yourselves from the SAD that we have been served for decades. That is why we are all getting sicker by the decade! Diabetes up 10 fold GERD up 500% Allergies up 10 fold All Chronic Illnessesup substantially Autism - Way Up Now: 1 in 160 ! How many times have you heard the story about Asian women coming to the US and developing breast cancer at the same rate as American women when in Asia the incidence is very low. We are told it is because of the good quality of the Asian dietbut do they elaborate on that fact that the SAD is what causes this. We cannot afford to allow this to continue. A recent study from the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center concluded that cancer will increase by 45%-100% in the next twenty years! Other countries are taking what is in their food supply seriously. In the US we only take the corporate profits seriously. However, if we do not 176 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Six change our ways the costs will be driving the already suffering economy further over the edge of no return. The health care issues are part of the cause of our economic woes but the SAD are the cause of our chronic illness. Now we must fix agriculture as we fix the health care system because the two are inseparable. Pour all the money into the health care system that is available and without fixing the SAD it will be all lostjust like the Bernard Madoff investments. Corporate greed is robbing you of your health. And it matters a whole lot more than your wealthbut still there is no one watching out for your interests.

What Scientists in Europe Have Reported

What the European Environmental Agency has to say about using antibiotics as growth stimulation in food animals:

Environmental issue report number 22 gathered information on the hazards raised by human economic activities and its use in taking action to protect better the environment and the health of the species and ecosystems that are dependent on it. The study aims to contribute to better and more accessible science-based information and more effective stakeholder participation in the governance of economic activity so as to help minimize environmental and health costs and maximize innovation. A section taken from: Late Lessons for Early Warnings: The Precautionary Principle 1896-2000 Produced by the European Environmental Agency. The entire publication can be viewed online at: report_2001_22


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Antimicrobials as growth promoters: resistance to common sense

Lars-Erik Edqvist and Knud Brge Pedersen

An antibiotic is defined as a substance produced by microorganisms that inhibits or kills other microorganisms. Synthetic antimicrobial substances are referred to as chemotherapeuticals. The word antimicrobial (as a noun) is often used to encompass any substance of natural, semi-synthetic or synthetic origin that kills or inhibits the growth of a microorganism. The antimicrobial era began in 1910 with the introduction of Salvarsan into the therapy of syphilis and expanded in the 1930s when the first chemotherapeuticals (sulphonamides) made their way into clinical use in human medicine. The antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered by Alexander Fleming (Fleming, 1929) but was not introduced for therapy until 1941. Shortly after its introduction for use in humans, penicillin was used in animals for the treatment of various bacterial diseases. Antimicrobials are probably the single most important discovery in the history of medicine. They were considered miracle drugs. Over the years they have saved millions of lives by killing bacteria that cause some of the worst infectious diseases in man and animals. Antimicrobials for growth promotion The growth promoting properties of antimicrobial agents in farm animals were discovered in the late 1940s. Trials where fermentation waste from tetracycline production was fed to chickens as a source of vitamin B12 revealed that the chickens fed the waste grew more rapidly than did the controls. It was soon found that this effect was not due to the vitamin content of the feed but to residual tetracycline (Stokstad and Jukes, 1949). The practice of feeding sub-therapeutic doses of antimicrobials over long periods of time was readily adopted and soon became an integrated part of the production systems developed in industrialised animal husbandry. Apart from increased growth rate and/or increased feed conversion, examples of other observed effects of antimicrobials at low doses are improved egg production in laying hens, increased litter


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size in sows and increased milk yield in dairy cows. Antimicrobial growth promoters are freely accessible and sold over the counter, while antimicrobial drugs for therapy in most cases are available on prescription only. The use of antimicrobial growth promoters over four decades has undoubtedly contributed to the development of current animal production systems. Use of antimicrobial growth promoters apparently provides some protection against certain diseases promoted by intensification and allows, for example, unphysiological early weaning and high stocking rates, raising questions on animal ethics and animal welfare.

Development of resistance
Most antimicrobials are produced by microorganisms and existed long before they were used as medicinal drugs. Microorganisms produce antimicrobial substances to kill other microorganisms in order to create a foundation for their own survival and propagation. The bacteria exposed to antimicrobials develop strategies for survival; development of resistance is one such strategy. This follows the classical concept of survival of the fittest and it is thus not surprising that antimicrobial resistance has probably existed for as long as have bacteria. Concern about penicillin resistance more or less accompanied its introduction as a medical drug in the early 1940s. The discoverer of penicillin Alexander Fleming, in a newspaper interview by the New York Times (1945), warned that misuse of penicillin could have the result that microbes are educated to resist penicillin. Increasing resistance was noted in several important bacteria known to cause infectious disease. By the early 1950s the problem of antimicrobial resistance was well acknowledged in the medical, veterinary and pharmaceutical press. Originally it was thought that acquired resistance in a bacterium only occurred through mutation in existing genes, which would mean that the resistance trait would be confined to the mutant clone and spread of resistance confined to that clone (vertical transmission.) In the 1960s it was shown that resistance, in addition to mutation, could also be developed through the uptake of existing genes. In this case, the resistance trait through mobile genetic elements can also spread to other bacterial clones, to other bacterial species and even to other genera (horizontal transmission) (for a review see, for example, Amabile-Cuevas and Chicurel, 1992).


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The first early warning - The Swann Committee

In the mid-1960s growing concern over foodborne infections with multi-drug-resistant salmonella in the United Kingdom led the government to establish an independent advisory committee in 1968. The task of the committee, chaired by Professor Michael Swann, was to examine the issue of transferable antimicrobial resistance and the consequences for human and animal health arising from the use of antimicrobials for growth promotion and in veterinary medicine. The Swann Committee (Swann, 1969) judged the data available a sufficiently sound basis for action and the principal recommendations on antimicrobial growth promoters were that: permission to supply and use an antibiotic without prescription for adding to animal feed should be restricted to the antibiotics which: are of economic value in livestock production under United Kingdom farming conditions; have little or no application as therapeutic agents in man or animals; will not impair the efficacy of a prescribed therapeutic antibiotic or antibiotics through the development of resistant strains of organisms. Recommendations on specific drugs were also included, for example: tylosin should not be available without prescription for use as a feed antibiotic. Another recommendation was the establishment of a single permanent committee which should have overall responsibility for the whole field of use of antibiotics and related substances whether in man, animals, food preservation, or for other purposes.

Subsequent action or inaction Implementation and dilution of the Swann Report

The recommendations in the Swann Report were based on less than full scientific certainty and created much debate and cries for more research, and faced strong opposition from the pharmaceutical industry and farming community in the United Kingdom. But most of the main recommendations were adopted in the United Kingdom and later on in the European Union (EU). However, subsequent governments in the United Kingdom gradually diluted the recommendations of the Swann Report. The recommenda-


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tion to establish an overarching, strong and permanent committee responsible for the whole field of antimicrobial usage was not fully implemented. For example, no epidemiological studies to monitor antimicrobial resistance development were set up. Against the Swann recommendations, the EU accepted the macrolides tylosin and spiramycin as growth promoters in 1975. This has probably been one of the major reasons for the widespread macrolide resistance in, for example, enterococci and campylobacter from pigs. Use of the antimicrobial growth promoter avoparcin was extended to other species, such as adult cattle, against the Swann recommendations and its use increased from the mid-1970s at about the same time that its medical equivalent,vancomycin, started to come into hospital use. One of the scientific arguments put forward to support this use of antimicrobials for growth promotion was that the low dose presents a special case in selecting for resistance. For example, Walton (1988) stated: In practical terms the use of a sublethal or a subinhibitory antibiotic concentration is therefore unable to select resistant strains from a bacterial population, and in this respect the Swann Reports conclusion and recommendations were in error. However, the recent bans on avoparcin, virginiamycin and tylosin followed the publication of studies demonstrating that this view (Waltons amongst others) was wrong. Worldwide, there are great differences in the regulatory control of antimicrobials for therapy, prophylaxis and growth promoting purposes. In some countries, such as the United States, low doses of tetracycline and penicillin are still used as feed additives for prophylaxis and growth promotion without veterinary prescription, while therapeutic antimicrobials are often prescription-only medicines.

The Swedish ban

Similar to the situation in other countries, some Swedish scientists viewed the practice of routine addition of antimicrobials to animal feeds with scepticism. Following the recommendations of the Swann Committee in the United Kingdom, a broader debate was initiated, which eventually led to a reassessment of the use of antimicrobials as feed additives (LBS, 1977). A working group of the Board of Agriculture concluded, among other things, that: the use of antibiotic feed additives entails a risk of increased resistance in bacteria but as the substances in use are mainly active against


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gram-positive bacteria from which resistance is not transferred, the impact of such development is negligible. On the other hand, a negative attitude to all kinds of additives among consumers was noted by the group. The benefits, in terms of increased production and prevention of certain diseases, were also acknowledged (LBS, 1977). Legislative changes, especially in the requirements for approval, were proposed in order to mitigate possible risks. At the same time, farmers were growing increasingly sceptical towards feed antimicrobials. They were concerned that the continued use of antimicrobials might harm consumer confidence. The Federation of Swedish Farmers (LRF) made a policy statement, declaring that Swedish agriculture aimed towards a more restricted and controlled use of antibiotics. In a letter to the Ministry of Agriculture in 1984, the LRF requested a ban on the use of antibacterials as feed additives. In response to the above, the Ministry of Agriculture drafted a new Feedingstuffs Act (Government Bill 1984/85). Among other things, the draft proposed that the use of antimicrobials in feed should be restricted to treatment, prevention or cure of diseases, meaning that their use for growth promotion should not be allowed. The basis cited for this amendment was the risk of increased resistance, especially the risk of crossresistance to other substances and the risk of increased susceptibility of animals to salmonella and other enteric pathogens. The government also stressed that there is uncertainty on the long-term effects of the continuous use of feed containing chemotherapeutics (Government Bill1984/85). The Feedingstuffs Act was passed by parliament in November 1985 and came into force in January 1986. Since then antimicrobials, whether in feed or administered otherwise, have only been allowed for therapy and on veterinary prescription, and as a result the total consumption of antimicrobials was greatly reduced from around 50 tonnes in 1985 to around 20 tonnes in 1996 (SOU, 1997). During the accession negotiations with the EU, Sweden was granted a temporary derogation from European legislation concerning the use of antibiotics as growth promoting feed additives. In support of the Swedish view the Ministry of Agriculture appointed a commission to collect and review scientific data on antibiotic growth promoters. In 1997 the commission presented its report and among other points noted that antimicrobial feed additives can at levels permitted in feeding stuffs, be used for treatment or prevention of animal disease, which is in violation of Council Directive 70/524/EEC (SOU, 1997). According to this directive,


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as amended in 96/55/EEC, Article 3a, authorisation of an additive shall be given only if at the level permitted, treatment or prevention of animal disease being excluded. The commission concluded that the risk for increased resistance associated with the general use of antibiotic growth promoters is far from negligible and the potential consequences are serious for both animal and human health (SOU, 1997). The magnitude of the risk is difficult to fully establish because of the complexity of the problem and the lack of pertinent data. The report outlined the research required to be undertaken in a 17-step causal chain, assessed the minimum time required to undertake the research to be 510 years, and also that the research had to be undertaken for each resistance gene and for each antimicrobial substance, with subsequent updates of the risk assessment. The report went on to ask who would bear the costs of waiting to do further research, or of taking action then to restrict antimicrobials the risk-maker or the risk-taker? The commission finally urged: As the risks involved are of uncertain magnitude, the decisions on risk management are particularly difficult. The risk can obviously not be excluded with certainty, nor can it be determined as acceptable. Scientists may declare that the information is inadequate for decision making, but for the policy-makers, failure to take action is not a neutral position but represents a positive decision to do nothing. In a climate of uncertainty it is preferable to show caution. (SOU, 1997)

The ban of avoparcin

In March 1995, when the first information on the occurrence of
avoparcin- and vancomycin-resistant enterococci in pigs and poultry had become available (Klare et al.,1995; Bates et al., 1994; Aarestrup, 1995), the Danish farmers organisations agreed with the feeding industry that there would be a voluntary cessation in the use of avoparcin in animal feed to reduce the spread of antimicrobial resistance. This was followed by a governmental ban implemented on 20 May 1995 and reported to the European Commission as requested by the safeguard clause of Council Directive 70/524/EEC. According to this a Member State can, as a result of new information, temporarily suspend the use of an approved feed additive if its use constitutes a danger to animal or human health. The scientific background for the Danish ban was the demonstration:


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of cross-resistance between avoparcin and vancomycin; that the resistance is transferable; that the use of avoparcin as a growth promoter selects fovanco mycin-resistant enterococci and that vancomycin-resistant en terococci can be transferred to humans via the food chain (DVL, 1995). In Norway the use of avoparcin was suspended in June 1995, and in Germany the government issued a ban on avoparcin in January 1996. In May 1996 the EU Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition (SCAN) concluded that further evidence was required to establish a risk to human health, animal health or the environment caused by avoparcin. However, the committee accepted that serious questions concerning the safety of avoparcin had been raised and stated that the feed additive use of avoparcin should be reconsidered at once if it were shown that transfer of resistance was possible from animal to human. The European Commission, however, proposed that in the climate of uncertainty and to avoid taking any risk, a temporary ban should be placed on the use of avoparcin as a feed additive in all EU Member States. This was agreed by a qualified majority vote of the Standing Committee on Feeding stuffs in December and the ban came into force on 1 April 1997.

Danish ban of virginiamycin

On 16 January 1998, the Danish government banned all use of virginiamycin as a growth promoter in Denmark, due to a risk of selection of streptogramin-resistant enterococci in pigs and poultry (Aarestrup etal., 1998). The step was taken to protect human health and to preserve the lifespan of Synercid, which was then undergoing hospital trials but which has now been licensed for the treatment of certain multi-drug-resistant infections in humans.

EU bans four antimicrobial growth promoters

On 14 December 1998, the agriculture ministers of the EU Member States voted in favour of a proposal to ban the use of four antimicrobial growth promoters from July 1999: virginiamycin, bacitracin zinc, tylosinphosphate and spiramycin. The ban was submitted by the European Commission as a precautionary


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measure to minimise the risk of development of resistant bacteria and to preserve the efficacy of certain antibiotics used in human medicine. The pharmaceutical industry protested against the decision and called for further scientific facts about the risks involved in the use of antimicrobial growth promoters. Afterwards, the decision was challenged before the European Court of Justice by the manufacturer of virginiamycin, who called for an annulment of the entire decision. Final ruling in the case is not expected before the end of the year 2001.

The latest example of an antimicrobial growth promoter from the
EU list of approved products showing cross-resistance with a potential human drug (everninomycin) is avilamycin (Aarestrup, 1998). However, the manufacturers of everninomycin have recently withdrawn it from hospital trial worldwide.

Scientific reports and recommendations

In 1997 the World Health Organization (WHO) organised a scientific meeting which addressed the medical impact of the use of antimicrobials in food animals. The meeting concluded that the magnitude of the medical and public health impact of antimicrobial use in food animal production is not known (WHO, 1997). The recommendations from the meeting stated: Increased concerns regarding risks to public health resulting from the use of antimicrobial growth promoters indicate that it is essential to have a systematic approach towards replacing growth promoting antimicrobials with safer non-antimicrobial alternatives. The Invitational EU Conference on The Microbial Threat held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1998, reached a similar conclusion and stated: Most of those at the conference considered the use of antimicrobials for growth promotion was not justified and that it was essential to have a systematic approach towards replacing growth promoting antimicrobials with safer non-antimicrobial alternatives including better farming practice. (The Copenhagen Recommendations, 1998) The conference was organized by the chief medical officers of


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the EU Member States and included both medical and veterinary authorities and researchers, representatives of farmers organisations, the pharmaceutical industry and the animal feed industry. Because of concern over the implications for human and animal health of the rapidly increasing rate of development of antimicrobial resistance, the European Commission (DGXXIV) asked the Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) to evaluate the current position regarding the prevalence and development of antimicrobial resistance, and to examine its implications for human and animal health, particularly with regard to the development and management of infections. In 1999 the SSC concluded in its report that action needs to be taken promptly to reduce the overall use of antimicrobials in a balanced way in all areas: human medicine, veterinary medicine, animal production and plant protection (SSC, 1999). In relation to antibiotics for animal growth the SSC recommends that the use of agents from classes which are or may be used in human or veterinary medicine should be phased out as soon as possible and ultimately abolished. In the newly issued Global Principles for the Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance due to Antimicrobial Use in Animals Intended for Food, WHO recommends that the use of antimicrobial growth promoters that belong to classes of antimicrobial agents used (or submitted for approval) in humans should be terminated or rapidly phased out in the absence of risk-based evaluations (WHO, 2000).

Advantages and disadvantages of the use of growth promoters

Over the entire period during which antimicrobial agents have been used as growth promoters there has been great emphasis on the advantages of these feed additives as a means to improve farm animal production and productivity. Much less attention has been directed towards possible side-effects, and the number of independent scientific studies is relatively small compared to studies and congress contributions supported by the pharmaceutical industry. Not until recently, when the occurrence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in animals was found to be associated with the use of avoparcin as an additive to animal feed and the possible consequences for human health were made clear, did the num-


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Chapter Six
ber of independent research studies dealing with these aspects increase significantly. In the last few years substantial scientific evidence has shown that the use of antimicrobial growth promoters in food animals contributes to the problems of antimicrobial resistance in humans. This has most convincingly been shown for vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Although the widespread use of antimicrobials in human medicine undoubtedly is of more importance for the emerging antimicrobial resistance problems in humans, this cannot justify ignorance of potential human health risks related to the use of antimicrobials in food animals. The continuous use of antimicrobials in feed is one of the major sources of overuse and misuse of antimicrobials in animal farming. This ongoing debate has made it clear that the usage of antimicrobial agents as feed additives is a complex issue, with implications not only for human and animal health but also for animal welfare, food safety, environmental aspects and for the development of production systems, feeding practices and management. Some of the positive and negative effects of antimicrobial growth promoters are listed in Table 1.

Conclusions and lessons for the future

The original early warning in the Swann Report on the risk of antimicrobial resistance spreading amongst animals, and from animals to humans, was based on a low level of scientific proof, but on a competent microbiological assessment that foresaw possible adverse consequences of the continuous use of therapeutic antimicrobial agents in animal feed. The recommendations were clearly precautionary, although the word precaution was not actually used in the Swann Report. Subsequent scientific research, developed primarily during the 1990s, has shown that transferable resistance is not restricted to certain bacteria (gram-negative), but is much more widespread within the microbiological universe, and that genes can easily move not only between closely related bacterial species, but also even between genera. These results confirm that the Swann Report was both accurate in its evaluation of data at the time and farsighted in its assessment of future trends. The justification for the later dilution of its conclusions and com-


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promises on its recommendations was based mainly on narrow considerations of what was precisely known rather than on taking account of what was not known, of the ignorance within the field and the possible consequences for widespread antimicrobial resistance. In other words science that embraces complexities, uncertainties and unknowns with more humility and less hubris is needed. Furthermore, scientific committees which are responsible for the evaluation of confidential information from industry, should consist of a broad panel of independent and up-to-date experts, with relevant expertise and experience from all of the disciplines that are implicated in a broad assessment of the risks, benefits and technological options involved. In this case, expertise from human medicine would have been particularly valuable for every risk assessment. The experience from this case suggests that assessments of risk need to be much wider, taking into account both positive and negative impacts, the long-term microbiological and ecological effects on human and animal health and the environment, and alternative options, such as better animal husbandry (see Table 9.1.). As the risks involved are of uncertain magnitude, the decisions on risk management are particularly difficult. The risk can obviously not be excluded with certainty, nor can it be determined as acceptable. In a climate of uncertainty it is preferable to show caution. In this situation decision-making needs to involve precaution, particularly when it is unacceptable, inhuman and unethical to wait for ultimate proof, when human fatalities could be involved. Another clear lesson from this case study is that stakeholders other than regulatory bodies, such as the farmers and their organizations, can take voluntary steps in advance of legislation to stop the use of products which cause concern and loss of confidence amongst consumers. In this case they, as well as the Swann Committee, have been vindicated by history. Common sense and far-sighted use of good scientific evidence which can predict serious impacts should not be ignored whilst waiting for ultimate proof. END


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Six

No Oversight, Denial and Cover-Up

GM foods, have had the DNA floodgates opened to all types of potential soil bacteria, virus and fungi. Our immune system is dependant on our gastrointestinal tract to be functioning optimally to ward off these pathogens. To function optimally our GI tract must have trillions of probiotics but considering that we now eat low doses of antibiotics, which will kill off beneficial as well as harmful microbes there is not much hope in having an optimally functioning immune system. With the toxic soup we are exposed to in our SAD combined with the naked DNA in the GMOs how can biotechnologists be sure that there will not be a new disease just waiting to develop. I am saying that Morgellons disease has developed and it is all being ignored in the US medical system. I think they (the protectors of our health) know it but because they failed to do their jobs they are now trying to come up with something to cover-up the mess they allowed to happen...Oops Sorry! Biotech proponents claim that millions of people in the U.S. have been eating GM food for a decade and no one has gotten sick! I wish they had talked to me! I would like to introduce them to some 20,000 Morgellons families who are very sick except no one is recognizing the serious widespread problems that this biotechnology is causing. It has taken six years to get the CDC to even acknowledge we have a situation that needs to be studied and the majority of medical doctors deny it still. Repeatedly, in the above articles, you read: lack of evidence, lack of oversight, lack of surveillance... on and on the ignorance, cover-up and denial continues. There is no surveillance system in place to identify the changes that would reveal we are all getting sickened from our food and environment. (How convenient to the system of sickness). It seems that in order for the protectors of our health to realize there is an epidemic 50 people have to rush into an emergency room within a few hours of one another with the same symptoms otherwise nothing gets noticed. It took years for the epidemic HIV/AIDS to finally become recognized and by the time they did finally become convinced it was a real disease hundreds of thousand of cases had developed across the globe. GM and toxic overloads type diseases are likely not going to be linked to one causative agent because they appear to be symptoms of biotoxins 189

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness which have various causative agents, viral, fungal and bacterial, so it then becomes rather impossible to name the cause as there are many. Research is needed. But does it really take a rocket scientist to figure out that if you and I are getting fed all the extras in our meat and now also in our food due to the GM plants, and our chronic health issues of all types continue to skyrocket that there just might be a connection? Does one really have to be a rocket scientist to figure that out? Garbage inGarbage Out!

Researchwho pays for this needed research?

Surely not the protectors of our health who failed us in allowing toxic foods into the system in the first place; surely not the industry who created this horrid situation and is making billions of dollars annually; surely not the industry that lobbies Washington to pass into law that it is OK to poison Americans food supply. That leaves the victims... the broke, sick, tired and helpless victims of this tragedy to try to come up with money to get a university to look into their various chronic illnesses. It will be years before the needed research money is made available to figure out the cause of the new disease that stole quality years from my life. It will be impossible to prove links to the other chronic illnesses that the damaged immune system can no longer defend against. Most of us who have had Morgellons for 10 or more years will be dead before anything ever happens in the sick system we are living in. That is what happened with AIDS, and that continues to be the ongoing problem for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic Lyme Disease and all the rest. Without funding nothing happens and if that is not enough of a hurdle, regarding Morgellons, most of the medical professionals do not even believe this is really a disease yet. Rather than gathering the necessary facts and documenting what is going on with their patients the physicians are believing it is a mental condition and we all need to have our heads examined. Just like with Chronic Lyme Disease, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and so many others, the patients are being ignored by their physicians who are all part of a controlled monopoly. They have to play along or risk losing their license. We have a long way to go before the facts of this disease are made public and more importantly before the medical doctors know how to diagnosis and treat it. Lyme Disease has been around for along time, Morgellons is in its very initial stages. This interview addresses the dilemma facing Chronic Lyme Disease and Morgellons sufferers alike, as well as many of the other chronic untreatable diseases: 190 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Six An Interview as reported inTownsend Letter, October 2007 Sue Vogan interviewed Dr. Warren M. Levin:

A Secret Handshake and a Whisper

...Lyme Disease, (like Morgellons - authors note), have a secrecy attached that would cause inquiring minds to begin asking probing questions. Who to trust now has become an issue. It is well known that Lyme disease is real, may act as a potential biological warfare agent, can be chronic, and is life threatening and relapsing. One would think that by now, with the increase in LD cases, every physician would be treating LD patients of any one of the three stages. Instead, patients are finding themselves being misdiagnosed with various other maladies -- Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Parkinsons, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), ALS, etc... Patients find it challenging to locate a Lyme Literate Doctor because of the secrecy associated with this disease. Insurance companies are quick to report high dosages of antibiotics -- throwing the spotlight onto the treating physician. One may be treated long-term for acne, HIV/AIDS, cancer and chronic anything-elseyou-can-think-of, but it seems LD is purposely ignored, trumped up to be all in your head, cured with a handful of antibiotics, or misdiagnosed completely. Sue asks: Do you see any chance we will ever have a cure for LD? Dr. Levin: My background includes environmental medicine, and as an environmentalist, I think this is one of the ways that we are destroying the human race on this planet. Not LD, but we are damaging the immune system with all sorts of foreign chemicals to which human beings had never been exposed until the twentieth century. So, I think we have a gradual, cumulative degeneration of native immunity. We have been able to hide it with our antibiotics. It is very unlikely that this organism was not here more than twenty years ago. I am sure people had it, and it was not recognized. Ticks have bitten a lot of people for many years, and they were able to handle it. Diet, chemicals, heavy metals, and the water are all a disaster, and I think people are not able to mount defenses against this bug. Even with the help of antibiotics, I dont think we are curing everyone.


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Sue: Are physicians leary about diagnosing Lyme disease? Dr. Levin: We have a situation of governmental disinformation. The same summer that The Wilton Bulletin announced the 54% increase in Lyme cases, The New York Times had a big spread on the front page of the science section and basically said that LD was not a big deal. And that seems to represent the official position of the government agencies, and they get that information from the experts of infections disease. I have great respect for doctors who go through medical school, internship, and residency to become an internist, passing the examinations all the way along; becoming a board certified internist is a heavy thing to do. Then, these guys and gals go on to sub-specialties of internal medicine at great personal expense and suffering. They know about infectious disease that I have never heard of; truly, they have an area of specialty that is very complicated. I honor them for all of that work, but the educational system has fallen down in terms of LD. There has been an old-boy network that made a stand, took a position, and either the network or they refuse to change it. The members of the medical fraternity/ sorority have a certain reverence for the professors with whom they choose to study. And, again, in general it is well-deserved. The people who are giving this misinformation are not bad people, I just think they are bad scientists. Sue: Why have some of these professors/scientists changed their minds -- Allen Steere, for example? In your opinion, have outside influences encouraged them to change their minds with regards to Lyme disease? Dr. Levine: I dont know the answer to that question, but what I do know is that if a physician has gone through the extensive training and examinations and supervision and then he/she becomes a specialist in infectious disease, then the new physician has to start earning a living to pay back the debts that were incurred. Infectious Disease tends to be a speciality that is hospital-based and getting an appointment at a hospital is a big thing, but it doesnt give you a practice. Today, we have the HMOs and insurance companies, and these physicians can go to any of the big insurance panels and be welcomed because of their specialty. And they have a practice, and they get paid! In the meantime, after having obtained a certificate/diploma, board certification, they are able to join a guild, the insiders at the Infectious Disease Society of American (IDSA). The IDSA has guidelines for diagnosis and


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Chapter Six
treatment, and if someone new doesnt follow the guidelines, that doctor is in trouble -- particularly if s/he works for an insurance company, because if s/he says we are going to give this patient more than four weeks of antibiotics because they arent doing well, the insurance company puts a little check mark by that doctors name, and when too many check marks appear, they call the doctor up on the carpet. And they say, Dont you understand this? So the doctor will be brought up before the IDSA and the medical board of the state in which the doctor practices, and the doctor will lose her/her position on the insurance panel. Young physicians cant afford to do this. Now, if you never do a long-term treatment (for LD), because its against the rules, you never get to see whether it works or not. All you have is what your superiors tell you. The non-specialists, many of whom are family doctors, have families they deal with. They see a patient whose symptoms sound like LD and the physician treats with the four weeks of antibiotics. Then, four to six weeks later, the patient claims that he believes its coming back -- I am beginning to hurt and feel tired again, can I get some more antibiotics? The doctor says that the patient has had enough antibiotics to get rid of this infection, and he doesnt think more will help. Take some aspirin, rest a little more. A week more goes by, and now the patient cant go to work. He asks again for more antibiotics. Someone who isnt part of the guild has a patient now before him whom he has known for years -- he/she doesnt think the patient is malingering. So, he thinks, lets see what happens with more antibiotics. The patient is better again! Thats not what is supposed to happen, but once it happens, the physician begins to think, Hey! Maybe theyre not right. So, I think its the physicians who are in the trenches who have led this rebellion. They are putting the infectious disease people in a very hot seat. I think the IDSA has made some serious mistakes in their new guidelines, and its going to be very interesting to see what happens with the Connecticut Attorney Generals probe. When a physician chooses to go outside the standard of care, in most jurisdictions, its considered professional misconduct. So we are fortunate to have the ILADS standard of care existing on the governments website. Its the one thing that may save a lot of physicians, but it isnt saving the patients..... END Interview


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness Be sure you see the documentary film Under Our Skin

Sickening American Diet

I and others with this disease have been trying to figure out just what is causing all these symptoms and I believe the toxic soup we eat and live in is likely to be the cause of Morgellons and most of the other autoimmune diseases due to the assault on the immune system from every direction. At this point in time, after trying for years to come to some understanding, I have no proof, but I believe it is all linked to the toxic soup in our foods, our water and our air. I have spoken to so many whose thoughts I have tried to digest and have taken into considerationit is all very confusing. There are many similarities and yet many differences too. Then, the disease itself changes rapidly. I dont know how many times I have mixed various essential oils thinking I had the one only to learn that 6 weeks later the one stopped being effective. It passes between species, it appears to be contagious as many spouses share it, yet in some families only one person gets it. My elderly mother has lived with me for three years and does not have it, yet another family member who does not live with me does. My dog gets on and off bouts of a fungal skin and ithcy condition (which CedarCide Best Yet heals) but my cat has not gotten it. So even the contagion aspect is yet an unknown. We all do know it is very strange, it is unlike anything else that anyone has ever experienced. It appears to have a life of its own, and rapidly changes when confronted with potential threats of effective treatments. It is electrostatic. It lives in hair, skin, and bone. There is a biofilm associated with this disease. Vectors are not just ticks but all biting insects. Your pets can have it and pass it to you and you can pass it to your pets. It is a Franken-science type organism. Lyme Disease is complex, now add to it a multitude of GMOs capable of invading and forming new bugs within the body, within the soil and within animals and the nano particles and what we have is a new disease called Morgellons it is Lyme Disease on steroids and it is everywhere! In silence it spreads. Most people hide the fact they have it for fear of losing their job, insurance or spouse. So the system winsthey want it to be a hidden epidemic. It costs our economy too much money to bring this to anyones attention so lets not let this cat out of the bag!


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Seven

Chapter Seven
Our Farmers and Our Health
At one time, before I became ill, I went to a local college where I presented the idea of teaching a class about how agriculture directly impacts our health. Farmers have a greater responsibility for keeping us well than the medical doctors do and I wanted to teach that to them as well as to the general public. The department heads asked me if it would be an Ag class or a health class and I said it is both. They responded that the two did not mix and it had to be either an Ag class or a health class. When I told them agriculture and healthy soils and plants have more to do with our health than any other factor... they stared at me as if I was crazy! It is sad that our collages have not made the connection that there is more to agriculture than high yields. Farmers have more impact on our health than physiciansby far! Sadly, genetic engineering is a very big part of American agriculture. The biotech companies have created seeds and plants that can withstand being sprayed with literally tons and tons of herbicides and pesticides so that crops can grow pest free and weed free in the fields. It is the American way of farming. It must be changed or our health care costs will rise to the point of total financial collapse. Our water and air are already affected and we must stop this insane activity. We need to get the toxins out of our foods and pay the farmers to do this if that is what it takes. We will save money on health care when we spend on sustainable eco-friendly farming. If you have read this far you might be thinking that you probably do not want to be consuming anymore GM foods. But, the problem with that is they are not required to be listed on the labels so you have no way of knowing if you are eating them. Presently, congressman Dennis Kucinich has three bills introduced which need your strong support. It is up to us to contact our Senators and Congress people and tell them that these bills really matter to us and to our health freedom. We must have the freedom to choose not to eat GM foods. With our pocketbooks we can end the production of this type of food because once the people know how 195

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness ful it is they will not buy anything that has is produced with GM ingredientsright! Let me take you back to the farm where the practical application of this begins. This process is not as easy as just stopping production. For example, Mr. Farmer A has 1000 acres of corn which he grew with a genetically engineered seed. Mr. Farmer B has 1000 acres of corn which he raised with a hybrid seed but not a GE seed. At harvest time the picker-sheller machinery go into the fields and picks and shells the corn and in huge semi-trucks the corn is trucked to elevators for drying. Mr. As corn and Mr. Bs corn is all mixed in with everyone elses corn. Thus, the GE corn is mixed throughout the entire supply. The only way to keep GE grains apart from non-GE grains would be to have different grain elevators and storage bins for each type of grain. Not an inexpensive solution. To further elaborate, hybrid grains may not be GE but the farmer still used chemical fertilizer, pesticides and herbicides to fight the weeds and bugs so that grain, although not GE, is not organic either. Organically raised grains are kept separate from GE and hybrid grains (making them the only safe ones to eat). But three distinct storage and transportation systems would need to be maintained to effectively label GE containing foods, organic foods and non-GE food but which is not organic. This gets to be a rather complex harvesting system and is far from what is in place at our grain storage elevators. It probably would be possible for certain elevators to only accept organic grains, another to only accept GE grains and others to only accept traditionally raised non-organic but not GE grains. Taking this a step further, all methods of transportation to the end buyers would also have to be kept separated. This is a huge undertaking. I am an advocate for banning all GM foods and seeds. I am an advocate of ecology and sustainable agricultural practices. But city dwellers need to consider the position the farmer faces with this difficult situation. Farming is a very hard business to survive in. In one of my previous chapters it was noted that Dr. Levine was sympathetic to doctors because they had all the expense of getting their education and thus had to follow standards set forth by their medical organizations (and insurance compa196 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Seven nies) or risk losing their license and positions. Medical students do not have near the investment in themselves as a farmer does. The farmer needs to lease or purchase very expensive land. He needs very expensive tractors, plows, disks, planters and harvesters. Then he pays thousands of dollars every year not only on the payments for all the above but to purchase seeds, fertilizer, herbicides, pesticides and fuel. Then, he prays for good weather. Too much rain and no crop gets planted in the spring, not enough and it dries up and dies in field before forming. There can be wind damage, bug damage and hail storms all wiping out a profit for the year. After all this most farmers live at poverty level for the privilege of providing you with food. They seldom can even afford to pay for health insurance to pay the over charging physicians bills. If they lose their crop they might lose the farm, be forced into bankrupt and if they do, they very often have no unemployment benefits. Not too many people would make the financial risks that farmers do every year to put food on your tables. I dont feel too sorry for the poor medical doctor who does not provide you with appropriate care because he must obey his employer or association policies or lose his $350,000+ per year job. We would not need so many over priced doctors if the food supply were made safe again. We would not have all the expensive chronic health problems if our foods were as pure as what I had on the farm growing up. We would not have the obesity issues, the diabetes, the cancer, on and on... if it were not for the toxic soup our protectors of health allow us to be fed. They sicken us with the foods they allow to be created and sold. Our farmers had no idea what they were being sold by the biotech industry who came up with the chemicals that we and the farmers are directly exposed to every day of our lives. When I was a kid back on the farm all this science was being developed, if farmers had any idea what it was all going to evolve into they would have had no part of it. I know farmers, they are good, honest and hard working folks. They do not want to cause us to become ill, they want to make a living on raising animals or crops. Once they get into the chemical way of agriculture it is very difficult to find a way out. Much the same as the physicians who are afraid to do it right and go against policy, because it will cost them their income, so too the farmer is in a situation that he cannot change without our help. Sustainable organic agriculture is possible and if we are to ever eat pure, wholesome foods that promote good health, it is mandatory. 197

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness The Union of Concerned Scientists ( recently published a report Failure to Yield wherein they presented research findings indicating the genetically modified crops are not, in fact, increasing yields as had been expected when initially sold to the agricultural industry. The traditional seed breeding has been delivering the goods in the all important arena of increasing yields. However the large investment in the private sector ensures that research on GE versions of major crops will continue, while organic and other agro-ecological methods are not likely to attract a similar investment. Financially support organic farmers and help non-organic farmers make the change to go back to the way foods used to be raised. This will be no small task. Weed control and insect control without the use of chemicals is a very difficult endeavor. The transition from chemically laden sick soils to bio-rich organic humus takes time. Crop rotations with several different crops may be one solution to weed and pest control. Once healthy soils are achieved the healthy plants are more resistant to the insects and diseases but the farmer who may want to make this long term commitment could stand to suffer significant crop loss for several years. Unless the USDA is prepared to financially assist and educate farmers to revert back to how farms were run when I was a child it is not likely the farmer can afford to do it even if he does know what is right and best. The economics of it all may prove to be prohibitive. Just like the medical doctors are forced to go along so too our farmers are caught in a bad situation. Support organic agriculture, your health depends on it and so does the health of our planet. Biotech firms are buying up organic seed companies and making it more and more difficult for farmers to obtain non-GM seeds. The cost of GM seed is so high the companies can afford to buy and close the their quality producing competitors. It is a nasty business. Fortunately, other countries where the government is not bought and paid for by lobbyists, have banned GM seeds and our organic farmers will be able to purchase foreign seeds that have not been contaminated by greed, control and disease causing organisms. Farmers would never have gotten to this point had it not been for the big seed and chemical companies constantly pushing for bigger yields. The more bushels per acre the more money the farmer makes. If the costs of special seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides are figured into the bottom line it might not be all that necessary to have the highest yield to 198 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Seven offset the added costs of all the chemicals. They will however, have to learn a way to raise crops that are not over taken by weeds and bugs. Healthy soils and healthy plants will come around full circle and improve the health of the nation. The cost of health care will cripple us if we do not take the necessary steps to convert back to an eco-friendly way of food production.

80% of all disease is linked to diet - SAD must be changed

We need micro nutrients, macro nutrients, enzymes, vitamins and minerals in our foods to be healthy. Healthy soils add to all of these elements, unhealthy soil detracts from them. Today food is produced with long shelf life given top priority. Long human life is way down on the list of priorities. Shelf life should not be more important than your life.

65 cents of every health care dollar goes to chronic illness

Johns Hopkins research underscores urgent need to better prevent and manage chronic disease: The U.S. spends 65 cents of every health care dollar to treat people with two or more chronic conditions, just 26 percent of the U.S. population, according to a new report on chronic disease by Gerard Anderson, Ph.D., Professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Andersons updated data show a trend of rising rates of chronic disease that consume an increasingly higher share of total health spending. The data also show that two-thirds of Medicare spending is for patients with five or more conditions, and that these patients often require more comprehensive treatment. For example, patients with at least one chronic condition have yearly health care spending more than five times greater than those with no chronic conditionsbut those with five or more chronic conditions are 10 times more likely to be hospitalized and have 25 times the inpatient hospital spending. To get a handle on health care costs, we must get a handle on chronic disease, The costs of chronic illness continue to increase every year, says Dr. Anderson. As a society, we must act now to adapt our health care system to meet this challenge, just as we responded to meet the crisis of infectious diseases a century ago. 199

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness Without making the connection of farm to fork there will be no improvement in the number of chronic illnesses developing. Genetically modified food and toxins in our food supply and environment weaken our immune systems via gastrointestinal damage. Chronic illness results. Attention all you educated people who are paid to be in charge or our health and well-being stop this madness: Jet Fuel in all infant formula and in breast milk Meat marbled with hormones, metal, antibiotics and more Animals fed non-normal feed contaminated with every toxin known to cause diseases, from dead dogs to chicken manure Genetically Modified Organisms crawling onto our plates Gastrointestinal Systems destroyed by sickening Frankenscience Nano Particles contaminating our air and water ZERO monitoring of the industry allows this to continue FDA, EPA, USDA, NIH all turn a deaf ear to private sector educated scientists telling them how harmful all this is. Dont tell me I am overweight because of my diet. Or that I have to begin exercising more when you continue to allow this type of food to be marketed in every store in the USA. Exercise is not going to heal this madness. You allow toxic food to ruin our health causing inflammation and disruption of our insulin production and then blame us for the obesity and diabetes. Provide us with fit food and we will be fit! Dont tell me I am eating the wrong food when you allow Franken-food to be served at every home, restaurant and school in the USA. Do you ever educate the children or their parents about the facts that the FDAs recommendations was to NOT introduce genetically engineered food into our food supply but the White House policy makers tossed out scientific facts for the bought and paid for policy? Do you educate the public by honestly 200 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Seven telling us that is why we are getting more and more chronic illness developing in this country? We are being force fed the same inappropriate food that the feedlot cattle are forced to swallow. It is not fit for man nor beast but it is good for the bottom line. If you want to save money on all the chronic illnesses then clean up the food supply and watch how amazingly the general public suddenly gets well! Do you really want prevention of illness to work? Prove it. End this madness. We cannot continue to be so IN-TOXICATED and expect to be healthy. Help the farmers produce food fit to eat and stop the industry that is getting rich on our declining health. For once do the right thing rather than the profitable one. WAKE UP AMERICANS Your government is not concerned about your health. They ignored every warning, including from the FDA, and allow the industry giants to ruin our health for their profits. The medical doctors are forced to follow orderseven when it means falsifying your medical records with delusional when what they really mean is I am not allowed to properly treat this condition due to orders from the establishment. Is this the kind of America you want to allow to continuecorporate interests above our welfare, above our right to honest health care, above our right to know what is in the food we eat or the air we breathe? Take a stand and stop this madness! Beef cows should be fed feed which nature intended them to eat which is grass/hay and a little grain. The feedlot cattle would not eat what they are fed if they had an option. We would not eat what we are being fed if we really knew what was in it from the beginning. And, rather than allow us to make informed choices, the labeling requirement is such that there is no way we can make a choice because the industry knows we would choose the no GMO products. Do the right thing, ban the production of all GM seeds used in agriculture. Support the sustainable agricultural industry so that the future generations have clean air, water and soils that can still support life. Ban the use of antibiotics in animals used to promote growth. 201

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness

Chapter Eight
Getting WellEmpower Yourself! No One is Going to Help You So Take Matters Into Your Own Hands Heal Yourself!
The Paths Leading to Recovery from Chronic Illness
Yes, I actually have found the way to live more comfortably and it has taken several years to figure it all out but I continue to improve as long as I continue to eliminate toxins. TOXINS avoiding them and elimination of them is the key to recovery in all these diseases. You cannot KILL this, all you can hope to do is to eliminate endotoxins, biotoxins, nano toxins, GM foods. It is not easy, it is not over and it may never be. I do not know if I can fully recover due to internal damage and long term infestation from the organisms. Fortunately. not all people have the bugs but they do have the fibers. I have a fairly normal existence again and it is all due to my persistence and determination to find a way back to wellness. Many individuals whom I have spoken to have given up hope. If their doctors cannot or do not help them they just continue to suffer, hoping that a day will come when the magic bullet will be discovered and all will be made well. This is a lovely dream, but it is not going to happen, the nightmare will be what you will be living with. If people do not begin to realize that the toxins poisoning our planet are also poisoning our bodies they are going to die. They are not going to live a quality life but rather a life filled with pain and suffering. These illnesses will be passed on through the placenta so that their children will be born ill, and that is if they can conceive and can carry a fetus full term. What this means for the future generations is that the only chance of survival will be those who were smart enough to make the necessary changes in their families lifestyle now to enhance self preservation. It is that serious, but only the ones with the wisdom to see this and make the necessary and difficult changes to their daily existence will be around in upcoming generations. Mother 202 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight earth will clean herself up but it is yet to be seen if man will be around to appreciate it. We have destroyed this planet in my lifetime. We may not be able to repair the damage we have caused. If you have fiber diseases: Morgellons, Chronic Lyme Disease, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, MS, ALS, Autism, Alzheimers, various vector borne illnesses, unexplainable pains, dementia, mental illnesses or misdiagnosed and non-responding conditions please consider making these changes to your life. It may be the answer to restoring your health. I gave up on conventional doctors and then I began to get betterwith alternative and holistic remedies. It would be a good idea for those not yet ill to also make these changes to their life before they too get sick. We must realize that our planet is sick and it is making us sick. We can changeWe MUST. We will now get into the suggestions on getting better. I am going to make a statement that I cannot prove but believe to be true: Every chronic condition listed above is chronic due to biofilms within the body which hides the various pathogens. The next statement I will make is: If you treat the skin lesions without first treating internally you will get worse. It is imperative to begin on the inside and pull the toxins causing the sores out. This in not a dermatis.

How To Fight Back - and Win

Do everything possible to lessen your exposure to toxins in food, water, air and cleaning products. If you have GI problems focus on healing them Eliminate Biofilms Eliminate Parasites Eliminate Bio-toxins Eliminate Fungus, Viruses and other pathogens Strength your Immune System JudithND.Com 203

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness

Lessen Your Exposure to Toxins

The only way you can heal from your chronic illness will be to avoid contaminated foods, purify the air in your home and drink only safe purified water. Avoiding toxins in our food and water is not an easy thing to do since we are swimming in a sea of pollutants but begin by avoiding GM foods and eat only organically produced fruits, vegetables, dairy, eggs and meat. A 50-85% raw foods diet of mostly vegetables is your best food choice. Your immune system has been harmed from all the toxins within the food supply. To get well, eat higher quality food and less of it. Buy from local organic gardeners where possible. If you have a yard, begin your own organic garden. Our bodies have been overwhelmed with the exposure to all the pesticides and herbicides. The GMOs add insult to injury and opens up the DNA to all types of pathogens and our dysfunctional immune system just cannot cope. It is no wonder that chronic illnesses continue to skyrocket. Do not rely on the protectors of your health, as they have had many years to step up to their responsibility but have failed us miserably. The fertilizer, chemical and agricultural industries have too much money passed around in Washington D.C. to ever see any action on behalf of the agencies who should have ended this catastrophe at the beginning of my life. The only means we the people have now is to use our pocketbooks and stop buying anything that is not produced in a safe and sustainable fashion. This means to only eat organically produced products. Even the cotton in your fabrics should be organically grown. Cotton is one of the worst polluting crops on the market.

Foods to Avoid: ALL GM Corn, Soy and Canola Products

If you cannot purchase organic meat, do not eat meat. If you cannot purchase organic milk, do not drink milk. Avoid all corn and soy products unless the label specifies no GMO used. It is very difficult to know where your GMO contamination is coming from. Consider this, a one liter bottle of soda has as much as 15 ounces of corn syrup in it. Corn syrup that is likely from GM corn! So, is your soda pop going to tell you no GMO corn is used? No, you have to realize in the US that 80% of the corn products are likely to be from GM corn and anything produced by this corn might be introducing pesticides and Bt into your gut! Genetically modified crop contamination is not just the plants consumed, or the corn chips, it is in 204 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight the soda and other products made from corn as well. Anything that uses corn in its manufacturing process is potentially a risk to your health. It is most unfortunate that in the US there is no labeling laws to tell you that GM products are used in a food. Soybeans are another genetically modified food so unless your product specifically says made from organic non-GM soybeans you need to avoid it. This means all the products with soy, soybean oil or any product produced from soy. Again, read the labels and learn what is made from soy. Hemp seed, from which canola is derived, is another leading source of GM contamination to your food supply. Do not use canola oil if it is not organic and produced from a non-GM seed. Use no product that has canola oil listed on the label. A good book to read and help you determine how to get the GM products out of your food is Genetically Engineered Food A Self-Defense Guide for Consumers by Ronnie Cummins and Ben Lilliston. This book has gone into detail on foods you should buy and strategies to reduce your exposure. It is imperative that you begin to educate yourself in the elimination of these very harmful foods. The other site that offers the additional information is Jeffrey Smiths: Milk is a major concern due to the fact that there are so many ways you can be getting ill from it. First, some dairies are using hormone injections to increase milk production. Second, cows eat genetically modified corn silage and this goes right into their milk and you get GMO exposure from drinking the milk. All the milk products are then also contaminated. Avoid dairy products unless they are organic. Avoid anything with dairy products in them unless they are organic! As I have already mentioned, it is no easy task to eliminate genetically modified foods from our diet because it is in so many of the products ingredients, yet may not be listed on the label as it is not required in the US.

Indoor Air
The air in your home should be purified with a UV air purification unit. I used one with UV light as well as ozone and have units in both the lower and upper levels of my home. I noticed a big improvement after about two JudithND.Com 205

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness weeks of using these units in elimination of the specs that had been on many surfaces. The air is filled with various pathogens and if you have any of these diseases consider your indoor air to be polluted. You must clean it up. If you cannot afford an air purification unit use essential oils in a diffuser which will kill many air-borne pathogens. I rotate between essential oil diffusion and air purification units to keep my indoor air clean. The essential oil diffusion will also help to clear up lung infestation of various pathogensyou are healing yourself at the same time as cleaning up the air in your surroundings. If you know you have bugs the very best product comes from CedarCide. called Best Yet. It is a red cedar essential oil product. On the left side of their site I would encourage you to read the link about Collembola infestation: This entire household fumigation may be necessary if you know for certain that your condition involves mites, biting insects, fleas or any type of insect. This is also the product you would use on your pets. It is safe for humans, animals and premises. It kills fungus, molds and insects on contact. When you travel a good way to prevent exposure from flu and other people who have contagious disease is to use a face mask that has essential oil drops in it. This will not only keep your germs from exposing others but it will kill pathogens before you breath them into your nasal passage. This is particularly helpful on airplanes, on public transportation and in your car. If you do not want to wear a mask and look so obvious you can put a couple drops of essential oil on a tissue and breath in the vapors from the tissue every couple of minutes. Do this while you are in a high risk area to flu or other exposures, close proximity to ill people or if a known viral epidemic is in the area where you reside. In the car use a diffuser, inhaling the essential oil treated air will prevent you from catching whatever is in the air.

Eliminate Exposure to Toxic External Products

Cleaning products and personal care products are a major contributor to toxins in your body. Make-up should be free of chemicals and dyes. Women who use hair dye, lipstick, perfume and chemical laden skin products are exposing themselves to harmful immune system weakening agents. 206 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight You have to consider every single product that you expose your airways and skin to when coming clean and green! Written by Samuel S. Epstein, M.D., Chairman of the Cancer Prevention Coalition and emeritus Professor of Environmental Medicine, University of Illinois School of Public Health, Chicago, Illinois
Government scientists recently identified a group of toxic chemicals known as phthalates in urine of adults, with highest levels in premenopausal women, resulting from inhalation and skin exposure to volatile parent ingredients used extensively as solvents and plasticizers in personal care and cosmetic (PCC) products. These include perfumes, shampoos, hair sprays and nail polishes. These findings raise major concerns in view of documented evidence, dating back to 1985, that these phthalates induce birth defects, low sperm counts, and other reproductive toxicity in experimental animals. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), authorized by the 1938 Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act to ban unsafe PCC products, responded that it will now consider this long-standing information. While obviously important, the phthalate findings merely reflect the tip of an iceberg of more fundamental problems which have received minimal, if any, attention, from Congress, the media and the public. The FDAs relaxed response reflects reckless regulatory abdication matched by unresponsiveness of mainstream industries. A 1990 report by the U.S. General Accounting Office charging that the FDA commits no resources for assessing PCC safety had no impact on the agencys policies. The agencys sole requirement is restricted to ingredient labeling of PCC products, with the exception of fragrances and perfumes. With rare exceptions, such as childrens bubble baths, the FDA has never required industry to label PCC products with any warning of well-documented toxic or cancer risks, nor has it banned the sale of unsafe products to an unsuspecting public. Black and dark brown permanent hair dyes contain numerous ingredients, such as diaminoanisole and FD&C Red 33, recognized as carcinogens in experimental animals. This evidence is supported by studies establishing that regular use of these dyes poses major risks of relatively rare cancersnon-Hodgkins lymphoma, Hodgkins disease and multiple myeloma.



Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness

Cosmetic grade talc is carcinogenic in experimental animals. Also, frequent genital dusting with talc, routinely practiced by some 17% of women, increases risks of ovarian cancer. A group of widely used preservatives, such as quaternium15 and bronopol, widely used in baby products, though not carcinogenic themselves, break down to release formaldehyde, a potent irritant and carcinogen. Lanolin, widely used on babies skin and nipples of nursing mothers, is commonly contaminated with DDT and other carcinogenic pesticides. Commonly used PCC detergents and foaming agents, such as polysorbates and PEG, are usually contaminated with the volatile carcinogen dioxane, although this could be easily removed by vacuum stripping during manufacture. DEA, another widely used chemical detergent, has been known since 1975 to combine with nitrite preservatives or contaminants in PCC products to form a highly carcinogenic nitrosamine. Furthermore, recent government studies showed that DEA itself is also carcinogenic following application to mouse skin. Citizen petitions to the FDA by the Cancer Prevention Coalition in 1994 and 1996 detailing evidence on the cancer risks of talc and DEA-containing products, respectively, and Seeking Carcinogenic Labeling on these products, met with no substantive response. Concerns on cancer risks from PCC products are emphasized by: lifelong use of multiple products by the majority of the U.S. population; the ready skin absorption of carcinogenic ingredients, further increased by detergents, especially when left on the skin for prolonged periods; and by decades-long suppression of information by the FDA and industry, abetted by a roll-over media, in flagrant denial of consumers right-to-know. Mainstream industry products thus pose major risks of avoidable cancer. Their role in the escalating incidence of cancer, now striking one in two men and one in three women in their lifetimes, remains largely unrecognized by our apparently health conscious society. Armed with such information, consumers should protect themselves by shopping for safe alternative products available from the growing nonmainstream industry.


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight

Heal your GI tract Gastroenterology and Your Immune System

Gastroenterologists note that there has been a dramatic increase of allergic and autoimmune diseases such as asthma, atopic dermatitis (eczema), allergic rhinitis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD, including both Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis), multiple sclerosis, and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type I diabetes) in the developed countries. I link all of this to our SAD and I add Morgellons to the list of dramatically increasing diseases. As addressed in a previous chapter, GMOs are destroying our GI tract which in turn leads to a weakened immune system. Gastroenterologists suggest that the increase in these allergic and autoimmune disease is caused by the aberrant development and response of the immune system due to a reduced exposure to microorganisms. Interestingly, studies revealed that these allergic and autoimmune diseases are closely related to the microbes in the gut. For instance, even asthma, an allergic reaction of the lung to inhaled antigens, is closely related to a reduced exposure to food borne and orofaecal microbes, rather than the amount of allergens in the air or the exposure to airborne microbes. What the gastoenterologists have not perhaps considered is that GM foods cause a thickening of the GI tract and can cause holes to develop in the gut. Couple that with the fact the Bt corn is a pesticide which kills microbes and that antibiotics also kill microbes and we are eating these products everyday, it would be not too surprising that microbes in the gut have been destroyed and this may have a great impact on these autoimmune and allergic diseases. It would not be too surprising that all the increases in chronic illnesses is impacted by the dysfunctional gastrointestinal tract which results in a dysfunctional immune system.

Intestinal Permeability = Auto Immune Diseases

Many studies revealed that an increase in intestinal permeability was shown in patients with these autoimmune and allergic diseases, such as those with irritable bowel syndrome, multiple sclerosis, type I diabetes, asthma, and atopic eczema. The increased intestinal permeability in these patients seems to be a perquisite rather than a consequence of these diseases. In addition, increased intestinal permeability was also seen not only in healthy relatives, but also in spouses of these patients. An increase in inJudithND.Com 209

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness testinal permeability would result in an increased infiltration of the luminal components. Therefore, one might wonder what has caused the increase of these autoimmune and allergic diseases: is it a decreased exposure to luminal microbila components, or an increased exposure to luminal microbial components due to the increased intestinal permeability? There is a large amount of microbes in the gut. The endotoxins in gut bacteria could be enough to kill the host thousands of times over. Therefore, it would be more likely that the tightness of the gut barrier would have played a more important role in determining the extent of exposure rather than the absolute number of microbes in the gut. An effective inactivation of the digestive proteases depends on gut bacteria. The increased intestinal permeability could be a result of a reduction in gut bacteria, by a mechanism such as the impaired inactivation of digestive proteases by gut bacteria, and thus an over-digestion of gut barrier. A reduction of gut bacteria not only can be the result of improved sanitary conditions, along with the more clean food and water, it also can be caused by an inhibition of gut bacteria by factors such as the widely used sweetener saccharin. (GE sweetner) Interestingly, saccharin consumption correlated well with the ups and downs of the IBS, and probably had played a causative role in IBS. Is the antibiotics in meat and the other GM food causing damage to the gut wall therefore increasing intestinal permeability? Considering that holes developed in the gut wall due to GM foods one would be lead to believe this is might be the case. The immune system in the gastronintestinal tract provides important protection for the host against the external environment by regulating mucosal inflammatory and immune responses. This is essential for maintaining normal intestinal function and for the survival of the host, given the intestinal tracts constant exposure to a multitude of food antigens and commensal bacteria, viral, fungal and parasitic pathogens. Trillions of probiotic microflora are found in the healthy small and large intestines, from up to 400 strains. They can support the structure and functional integrity of the epithelial lining by helping to metabolize vitamins, minerals and hormones, improve intestinal motility and assist in detoxification. They can boost immune function, and have been shown to support resistance. They produce metaboloites such as lactic acid, hydrogen peroside, bacteriocins and acetic acid that normalize the pH of the intestine and promote a healthy mico-ecological balance. They support healthy conditions in the vagina, and cholesterol within normal levels. They can produce lactase, the 210 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight enzyme that digests lactose. When probiotics (good bacteria) are depleted the immune system malfunctions. Low doses of antibiotics in our meats and pesticides in our GM plants likely cause a great deal of die off of the good bacteria in our gut. GM foods cause GI tract illness as shown in the ONLY study allowed to be performed GI tract illness can cause immune system malfunction We need the good flora for proper immune system function We need enzymes for proper metabolism We further assault our immune system with pesticides, chemicals, heavy metals, herbicides and whatever else they allow mixed in to animal feeds which goes up the food chain and onto our plates We have nothing left to defend ourselves with thus we are losing the war as our immune systems can no longer cope Chronic Illness has increased dramatically since the early 1990s, had any proper scientific oversight been performed, a clear link to our SAD would and should have been made. Realizing that rapidly increasing chronic illness will bankrupt our already stressed economy the medical system wants more research (MONEY) into what might be the cause of the rapidly increasing illnesses. The money needs to go to the cleaning up of our food supply and our planet. Dysbiosisin addition to pesticides and herbicides in our foods another cause of immune system dysfunction is dysbiosis (any type of GI tract malfunction from GERD to irritable bowel syndrome). Ill repeat, the GI tract is significantly involved in the effective operation of your immune system. Removing the contaminated food by changing your diet will help you in this process but without additional steps your dysbiosis will probably not correct itself. Add digestive enzymes and probiotics to your daily intake of supplements. Drink alkalized water, lots of it, everyday. Eat JudithND.Com 211

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness more raw food, but work into this gradually if you are not accustomed to eating mostly raw food. Begin with 40-50% and work your way up to a 75-80% raw food diet. Your diet should consist of mostly raw nuts, fruits and vegetables. Only organic meat should be eaten and then in moderation. Enzymes, minerals and alkaline water will be a major factor in healing your GI tract. The GM foods destroy the lining of the entire GI tract and it takes months, maybe years as in my case, to recover. This is the key to getting your immune system rebuilt. As you can see, this all works hand in hand, the wrong food just causes more damage to the GI tissues, this in turn causes a leaky gut syndrome and a dysfunctional immune system. The wrong bacteria take over in the gut and exacerbate all the problems. Yeast is a major player in these disease processes. This is all caused by the wrong bacteria within your GI tract. You must replace the good bacteria by using high quality enzymes and avoiding antibiotics (including Colloidal Silver products) that will kill them off. If you use antibiotics you only prolong the cycle of dysbiosis. Antibiotics kill good and bad bacteria in the system. I see no way to strengthen your immune system by long term antibiotic use. By changing the diet to eliminate the GM foods you will at the same time be healing the GI tract. Long term use of garlic and some of the products I discuss ahead will not kill the needed bacteria in your gut. This is very important in your overall improvement. You need strong antimicrobial alternatives which are beneficial to gut flora. Chorella and the super green foods (grasses, blue green algae) are another very effective means to eliminate toxins and fortify the immune system. But they are not strong antimicrobials.

Parasite Elimination
Vector borne disease is caused by bites from bugs. It was once believed that Lyme Disease was only caused by ticks. I am one who feels that this is now only one of the methods of exposure to vector borne disease and if more studies were done it would be discovered that many types of arthropods are causing illnesses. Spiders, fleas, mites, ticks, deer flies, mosquitoes and I speculate that even human contact is spreading what once was thought to have been only a tick bite disease. I personally, have seen the bulls eye rash develop around one of my lesions and it was in the middle of the winter where there was no chance to have been exposed to ticks. I had a bug living in my skin that caused a Lyme type Bb rash! Our changed 212 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight environment has created a new form of illness producing bugs or GMOs and DNA modification has allowed a new type of disease transmission to occur. Whatever it all ends up being, you need to do parasite cleansing at least once a year and much more frequently if you have Morgellons or Chronic Lyme disease. In the detoxification protocol that I provide everyone with Lyme disease should also be using Cats Claw daily. Spirochetes will be in the bones, teeth, tissues throughout your body and it will be an ongoing battle to eradicate these pathogens.

All About Biofilms The KEY to Why You Relapse!

If you have chronic illnesses and have repeat relapses after various treatments, which appear to help for a short term, but then you get as sick as before the treatments, or even worse than before, that is a good sign that you have a condition that is hidden within a biofilm. Had I known how to dissolve biofilms 10 years ago I think I would have beaten my disease years ago but I only learned about this aspect fairly recently. If you watch the film, Under Our Skin there is mention of documentation that the Lyme spirochete forms a biofilm and I speculate that is the reason for so many relapses with Morgellons too. Chronic illnesses such as Lupus, Chronic Lyme Disease, Autism, MS, Morgellons, allergies and many other auto-immune chronic conditions which have developed a resistance to antibiotics and evade your immune system recognition, may be self-preserving due to formation of a safe-house called a biofilm. Once the pathogens encapsulate within this biofilm it is much more resistant to being affected by the immune system defenses, antibiotics and common lab tests often do not detect the little terrorists hiding within their safe-house. But, safely hidden from their attackers, they are still fermenting, metabolizing and leaching toxins into the bloodstream. 60% of the pathogens that can cause us to be ill are capable of forming biofilms. If the anti-infective agent you ingested is not capable of first cutting through the biofilm and secondly also killing the infective organism and be 100% effective at both you will experience a short lived improvement of your health, but then at some point relapse. Worse still is that once the biofilm has been subjected to this type of ineffective treatment JudithND.Com 213

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness the remaining cells are referred to as persisters and these cells are even more difficult to defend against. Persister cells produce biofilm persistent cells which are even more resistant to the anti-infective agents that were used against them. So each failed attempt at killing the pathogens just makes it that much more difficult the next time. An analogy would be that the war you wage against these terrorists must be able to completely dissolve the concrete abode housing your unique pathogen created and also kill all the terrorists hiding within. Otherwise they just learned your strategy and develop their own better means to selfprotect themselves and you are worse off then before. The one thing all chronic illness sufferers share is that inability of antiinfective agents to kill all the pathogens so they come back again and again.... The inability to re-establish your internal terrain to a healthy state is very significant. In all probability the very persistent biofilm that has formed around your pathogen(s) is the reason you continue to relapse, to have inappropriate lab results, and thus receive inappropriate medications. Anyone who has Morgellons will likely have heard that this disease is associated with a biofilm formation. I have it on my skin, under my skin and have seen it form rapidly on surfaces. There is an amber colored gel that flows under the skin from which the sores will form and from which the fibers will form. The skin will have a brownish underlying pigment where the biofilm gel has deposited. I believe a biofilm is protecting the very resistant organism(s). Once the biofilm is broken down, it then is possible to get at the organism causing the trouble with a battery of antivirals, antibiotics, antifungals etc.... I have found a product that completely eliminates the biofilm, breaks down the gel formations, helps eliminate inflammation, it even helped to clear up my eyes which were heavily involved. This product is a combination of enzymes and antivirals, anti-bacterials all in one and I highly recommend everyone begin first with this product Blockbuster All Clear available at this website: If you will always go to this third party site via the above link I do receive a small affiliate commission and I would greatly appreciate your purchase through my link. Thanks in advance for your support and purchasing through this link. 214 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight For more on biofilms view these websites: what_is_biofilm.htm and Vol. 10, No.1, January 2004 Fungal Biofilms and Drug Resistance A biofilm is a means of organisms protecting themselves from things such as antibiotics. Bacteria build biofilms by first aggregating together and then rapidly weaving this protective web or matrix around them. They build a polymeric matrix. It is a sticky, gluey, mucus-y, goop and it has fibrin in it to give it an intact structure. The bacteria recruit fibrinogen to create the fibrin as part of that matrix. This matrix protects the cells within it and facilitates communication among them through chemical and physical signals. Bacteria living in a biofilm can have significantly different properties from free-floating bacteria, as the dense and protected environment of the film allows them to cooperate and interact in various ways. One benefit of this environment is increased resistance to detergents and antibiotics, as the dense extra cellular matrix and the outer layer of cells protect the interior of the community. Biofilms are important survival mechanisms for bacterial cells. According to in vitro studies, they can avoid attack by host defenses. For example, it is difficult for phagocytic cells to engulf bacteria in biofilms. Also, biofilms are much more resistant than planktonic cells to antimicrobial agents. For example, chlorination of a biofilm is usually unsuccessful because the biocide only kills the bacteria in the outer layers of the biofilm. The bacteria within the biofilm remain healthy, and the biofilm can regrow. Repeated use of antimicrobial agents on biofilms can cause bacteria within the biofilm to develop an increased resistance to biocides. Biofilm forms when bacteria adhere to surfaces and begin to excrete a slimy, glue-like substance that can anchor them to all kinds of material such as metals, plastics, soil particles, medical implant material and tissue. A biofilm can be formed by a single bacterial species, but more often biofilms consist of many species of bacteria, as well as fungi, algae, protozoa, debris and corrosion products. Essentially, biofilm may form on any surface exposed to bacteria and some amount of water. Once anchored to a surface, biofilm microorganisms carry out a variety of detrimental or beneficial reactions, depending on the surrounding environmental conditions. JudithND.Com 215

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness Microbial infections can form on medical implants that are inside the human body or partially exposed to the outside. E-coli, staphylococci, and Pseudomonas species are among the most common invading bacteria. After the biomaterial is implanted, either tissue cells or microorganisms will begin to colonize it. If the tissue cells colonize first, the implant will most likely be successful. If the bacteria colonize first, the microorganisms can adhere to the surface of the implant. These bacteria can colonize, leading to the formation of a biofilm. Due to resistance to antimicrobial agents, biofilms often cannot be removed from biomedical devices, leading to additional operations. Biomedical components which are susceptible to biofilm colonization include artificial hearts, joint replacements, contact lenses, heart valves, vascular prostheses, dental implants, fabrics and sutures, and intravascular catheters. With modern technology, many humans will host a biomaterial, and will therefore be at a risk of a biofilm infection. Lots of bacteria are planktonic, they float around in water; microbiologists since the time of Pasteur have conducted most bacterial studies using suspended bacterial cultures. But most of the bacteria that cause us problems are sessile (attached to a surface) and they live in biofilms. Once bacteria attach to a surface, they change. The most obvious change is that they begin to excrete a slimy material (which has proved the basis for coining the word biofilm). But other changes made by attached bacteria are profound, though invisible. In fact, researchers have now shown that a bacterium which attaches to a surface turns on a whole different set of genes, which makes it effectively a significantly different organism to deal with. If researchers continue to study cells in suspended cultures, when the actual problems involve biofilm bacteria, the control strategies derived from the studies will target what, phenotypically, amounts to the wrong organism! Candida species, including the novel opportunistic pathogen Candida dubliniensis, are now emerging as major agents of nosocomial infections. Many such manifestations of infections associated with the formation of Candida biofilms include those occurring on devices such as indwelling intravascular catheters. Fungal biofilm-associated are resistant to a wide spectrum of antimicrobial drugs. The novel classes of antifungal agents, the lipid formulation of anphotericins and the echinocandins have demonstrated unique antifungal activity against the resistant candida biofilms, providing a breakthrough in the treatment of life-threatening invasive systemic mycoses. [Emerg. Infect Dis., 2004 Jan, 10 (1) 14-9] 216 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight

Dissolve Biofilms with Fibrinolytic Enzymes

What are we going to do about breaking down the biofilm safe-house that your own particular pathogen(s) have created within your body? It is the only way that I have learned to dissolve biofilms inside the body. A new enzyme complex isolated from silkworms and earthworms is a potent fibrinolytic which has proven to be an antioxidant, immune-boosting, clot dissolving and biofilm dissolver! Fibrinolytic enzymes are a MUST for everyone suffering from chronic illness. These enzymes are able to dissolve clots and protect against ischemic heart disease and stroke. They break down the gel and swelling I had in my tissues They lower fibrinogen levels in cancer patients, which is strongly associated in scientific studies with better outcomes, less metastasis, and slower growth of tumors They dissolve bacterial biofilms present in chronic infections in conditions like Morgellons, autism and chronic Lyme Disease, allowing antimicrobials to work effectively! They offer antiplatelet, anti-thrombotic and anti-apoptotic activity, remarkably regulating hypercoagulation In the last ten years a number of the enzymess clot-dissolving, lytic and immune-boosting compounds have been isolated and tested in laboratory and clinical studies. In particular, research has focused on clot-dissolving molecules. Fibrinolytic enzymes have been purified and studied from several species of earthworms, including Lumbricus rubellas and Eisenia fetida, and been found to be both potent and safe. This is very good news, since according to a 2008 conference report from the American Society of Hematology, thromboembolism impacts over one million Americans a year and is responsible for more deaths annually than breast cancer, HIV and motor vehicle crashes combined! It is very good news for those of us suffering from chronic illnesses which are non-responsive to many forms of treatment as well. If the biofilm JudithND.Com 217

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness proves to be the leading cause of why it is nearly impossible to get results with standard or alternative treatments for all the various chronic illnesses than just this added step may help the hundreds of thousands of people who cannot get well. It may just be the missing piece of the puzzle. Lumbrokinase (LK) is a group of six, novel proteolytic enzymes derived from the earthworm Lumbricus rubellas. In a 1992 study, a crude extract of the worm was shown to have a potent thrombolytic effect. The heat-stable, purified enzymes were first isolated in 1992 by Japanese researchers. The enzymes have potent fibrin-dissolving properties (fibrin is a protein deposited to create a mesh around a wound), decrease fibrinogen (a protein produced by the liver that is involved in the clotting cascade), lower blood viscosity and markedly reduce platelet aggregation. A remarkable property of LK is that, unlike the medications streptokinase and urokinase, it is only active in the presence of fibrin. Though it dissolves fibrinogen and fibrin very specifically, it hardly hydrolyzes other important blood proteins such as plasminogen or albumin. It has the profound advantage of not causing hemorrhages due to excessive fibrinolysis. In additional studies the LK was proven to be able to control formation of biofilms on various internal implants. Enzymes are able to lyse and destroy foreign cells. Clinicians used LK to dissolve biofilms in Autism and Chronic Lyme Disease. I feel this is going to be a very important element in getting to the pathogens that are persistent in the chronic illnesses of the 21st century. I knew my illness involved a biofilm because on exterior surfaces (sinks, tubs, skin etc...) an enzyme spray was needed to break through the coating on the pathogen before they could be killed but that was an enzyme cleaner that I could not ingest. However, once I studied biofilms and learned how they operated it became apparent to me that this could be the missing piece to the healing puzzle, not only for me but for so many other illnesses where relapse is persistent after treatments. Nothing works (for long) unless the pathogens safe-house is broken down and then the inside residents are 100% destroyed and there is then no reinfection.


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight

Morgellons, Lyme Disease and Other Chronic Diseases respond to treatment once biofilms are dissolved
Naturopathic doctors, myself included, have learned that the way to get to the organisms that are inside those biofilms is to dissolve the biofilms with fibronolytic enzymes before using the antibiotics or anti-whatever product! And then mop up the killed pathogens before they reabsorb with a good detoxification product such as chorella or clay. Peta Cohen, M.S., R.D. founder of Total Life Center in Northern New Jersey specializes in treating children with autism using a biomedical nutritional model. Cohen uses fibrolytic enzymes like nattokinase and lumbrokinase to break down the fibrin in biofilms. Once that occurs then natural antibiotics, antifungals (a whole arsenal of weapons) can then be utilized to kill off the offending organisms. Then, the final step is to detox or mop up the biotoxins released during the kill. With this process she was able to get out toxic metals. Once the biofilm is degraded the metals, toxins and bugs are liberated and the immune system as well the natural safe antifungals, antimicrobials etc... will eradicate the organisms. Cohen feels the biofilms are the huge missing piece in Lupus, Lyme Disease, Multiple Sclerosis and any autoimmune-type chronic infection.... I believe it is one of the biggest medical issues were dealing with today. I feel it is the huge missing piece in treating Morgellons and ALL hard to treat chronic illnesses. The pathogens are protected with a biofilm that first must be dissolved and once you get that accomplished exposing the pathogens your immune system will be able to do its job and the antibiotics and antifungals will then be able to do their job as well. It may still take a long, long time but with the biofilm dissolved there is a much better chance of overcoming chronic illness. Marty Ross, MD is an integrative medicine doctor and Gary Sconyers, ND are both using the fibronolytic enzymes to dissolve biofilms in chronic infections. The are having success in treating Lyme Disease by first introducing the enzymes. After using the fibronolytic enzymes, the various antipathogens for your JudithND.Com 219

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness specific condition, it is important to mop up the resultant biotoxins with detoxification protocols. It is also important to rebuild the microflora of the entire GI tract as we previously discussed. Remove the biotoxins as you kill off the various pathogens by using clay, chorella or psyllium hulls. If you do not do the mop up while you are doing the killing off of the pathogens they will reabsorb and the cycle will continue. Do not eliminate this important step in the whole process. I will outline a protocol at the end of this chapter on how to go about this process and what products I have found to be the most helpful.

Antibiotics and Chemicals Cause Immune System Dysfunction

Lets consider how eating low doses of antibiotics in our meat might cause your chronic illness: You ingest a pathogen, pretty easily done since we are eating viruses and many other disease elements in our Sickening American Diet (SAD) as well as drinking them in our water and breathing them in from the air. This pathogen senses the low doses of antibiotics that you ate for lunch in your hamburger or chicken sandwich so it goes into its very effective self-preservation mode and builds a safe-house to live in. Its biofilm safe-house was specifically designed to protect itself from the antibiotics which you consume (probably on a daily basis) and thus you continue to cause it to form persister cells that are more and more resistant to treatment and immune system defenses. As stated previously when referring to a biofilm the cells not killed by anti-infective agents are persisters and these persisters create like cells which are more persistent cells. The next amazing thing that these biofilm pathogens do is change how they act once inside their safe-house. The methods used to study pathogens in labs is not studying them within a biofilm but rather they are studied in their free floating (planktonic) form but they react completely differently in the biofilm form than when in the planktonic form. So even if the pathologists figure out what pathogen is involved in your body in the planktonic state if they do not study the organisms inside the biofilm and get it growing in their petri dishes and under their microscopes the antiinfective agent used may not work at all. It is no longer the same pathogen! The bacterial cells on the surface of the biofilm are different from the cells within the biofilm matrix. This is similar to the L-form concept where the 220 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight organism is able to self-preserve by doing a fast mutation. This bugs are smart bugs! These are the silent super bugs being promoted by our SAD. The SAD is also weakening our immune systems so not only do we have a weakened immune defense we have given the bugs more armor to protect itself by providing low daily doses of antibiotics from our meat and dairy foods. If you experience a short lived feel better feeling while on an antiinfective agent but relapse once the course of treatment is over a) it was the wrong course of treatment for you b) it was not done for a long enough time period c) you are reinfecting as quickly as the anti-infective agent has passed from your system d) you are causing the pathogen to be more resistant than ever Once you have the biofilms dissolving you must kill the pathogens or eradicate the toxins that are making you ill. These could, and probably are, a combination of harmful microbes, viruses, fungi and the coinfections associated with insect vector diseases such as Lyme Disease causative agent Borrelia Burgdorferi, and other vector borne illnesses such as Babesia, and others, which I refer to as parasites. All of these give off toxins which cause your ongoing (chronic) disease to be persistent and results in the symptoms noted in the beginning of the book. You need to improve your self-defenses at the same time as you kill pathogens. Chemical antibiotics do not improve your immune system they weaken it. If you need long term treatment you should be using natural products that do not harm your liver, or intestines even if taken for the rest of your life.

My Theory on Auto-immune Diseases

Your body was designed to protect you from harmful pathogens with a very adaptive immune system. Our toxic environment has resulted in a dysfunctional immune system which requires a healthy gastrointestinal tract filled with millions of flora. Allopathic doctors claim your autoimmune system has recognized pathogens that are within your cells and it is trying to do what it was designed to doatttack them. Suppressing the immune system may bring relief but it certainly does not resolve the cause of your auto-immune disease. We need to get to into the safe-houses and kill the organisms and stop ingesting them and then our health begins to JudithND.Com 221

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness improve. The immune system is trying to do its job. So you must help your immune system become strong at the same time as you kill off harmful pathogens and eliminate toxins. This could be a longterm goal which, considering the SAD, is not easily accomplished. But the only way you can ever get well is to begin to take the necessary steps to regain your health and improving your immune system is part of this process. Because this may be a very long process (2-3 years is not uncommon) I am not in agreement with use of long term prescription antibiotics for chronic conditions such as Morgellons or Lyme Disease (I am not a physician) but I do have my opinion. To the contrary, I think the low doses of antibiotics consumed by most Americans in their food supply have a significant role in why you have a chronic illness in the first place. In my opinion, as a naturopath, I opt for long term therapy from safer natural essential oils, herbs and foods which can all kill pathogens while at the same time build your immune system rather than destroy it. Prescription antibiotics weaken your immune system by destroying the beneficial flora in your GI tract. If you use the wrong ones they even fortify the pathogens that they do not kill. If it is your choice to use them be sure you also use probiotics to replenish the good bacteria in your gut. If you are lucky enough to have an integrative doctor who understands chronic illnesses, biofilms and how to treat vector borne infectious diseaseswell you are then lucky enough! VERY FEW doctors have any idea how to break down the biofilm; heal the immune system; kill the pathogens and mop up the biotoxins created by this process so that they do not recirculate. But that is exactly what needs to be accomplished and YOU can do this with or without a physicians help. It is better to have an integrative doctor who does understand this process but you are better off taking care of yourself than to have a physician who keeps their head buried in the sand about these types of illnesses. They may have their hands tied and are forced to treat you like their superiors (insurers) tell them to even when it is not beneficial to you! We covered the subject earlier, but they are misdiagnosing and mistreating you when they say it is all in your head! The most difficult part of my many years of dealing with this condition was the absolute rejection and denial from all medical professionals that this was a serious medical condition that needed their study and attention. Not once did I receive appropriate care from allopathic doctors. 222 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight

Natural Pathogen Fighting Products

You must fight the pathogens making you sick without using immune system destructive agents as this may be a very long term process we want to use agents which work on building our overall health as it lessens the ability of pathogens to live in your body. This process is very individualized and is thus not a one-size-fits all protocol. You may need to modify the products used depending on the results. Your developed chronic illness may need a different set of anti-microbials, anti-parasitics, anti-virals or anti-fungals than someone else. The protocols that I provide towards the end of the chapter will help take care of all this for you. If you are certain that you have Morgellons disease this condition is like Lyme Disease on steroids but Lyme treatments do help with Morgellons. Morgellons is not a dermatology illness. What you do to your skin sores may make you feel better and bring relief but until you address the internal illness you are only putting a Band-Aid over the real illness. You must fight the condition internally and the external sores will then begin to heal: remove biofilm, detoxify and use anti-parasitics, anti-fungals, anti-microbials and anti-virals as Morgellons appears to be able to involve many of these pathogens all at the same time. Then, you have to also disinfect your surroundings as this condition does infect your clothing, bedding, furniture, carpeting etc.... CedarCides Best Yet product and spray enzymes will help you in cleaning your environment as well as diffusing essential oils.

Using Natural Products to Heal the Terrain (yours)

Everything you need to heal is provided in nature. Foods of many kinds and herbs, if properly grown, harvested and processed, can be consumed or taken in capsules or used for essential oils. Sadly, the FDA prevents growers to make health claims about health promoting foods even if they have the research to back up the claims. Drug companies can provide falsified research, falsified peer reviewed articles that get published, and still be granted the FDA stamp of approval. If you do not learn how to take care of yourself I can guarantee you that these protectors of our health are certainly not doing it for you. Foods can help you in your mission to regain your health. Here are a few that I highly recommend you add to your diet. JudithND.Com


Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness

Tart Cherries - A Drug?

For instance, cherry growers paid to have research done on tart cherries. The research proved that tart cherries have many healing and beneficial ingredients. They are better for your health than over-the-counter antiinflammatory drugs, yet no such health claims are allowed to be made. As a matter of fact, once the cherry producers had brochures printed to tell of all the health benefits that the research had proven to be accurate, the FDA told the cherry growers that if they made such health claims for cherries that food (tart cherries) would have to be labeled as a drug and pass the FDA drug approval process. It costs about $800 million to get the FDA stamp of approval which only Big Pharma can afford to do. No claims to heal anything can be made unless the product is a drug! Even if food is proven to be the safest, cheapest and most effective means to heal you the FDA will prohibit that information from ever reaching your ears or eyes via control of information and the media! Is that what you want your tax dollars paying the FDA to do for you? This entire system of corruption of information needs to be stopped. Whose side do you think the FDA is onthe side of safe and effective FOOD that heals you or harmful, expensive DRUGS, many with known serious side effects, that obtained the FDA stamp of approval based on often falsified trials? If the FDA were on the side of safe and healing FOOD they would not only be paying for the research they would be sure it was widely distributed to the public. Instead they suppress all claims made for the healing benefits of natural foods, herbs, essential oils and supplements. If even one dollar of tax payer money is used to test drugs then what should be tested right along with the chemical drug is the whole compliment of essential oils, fruits, and herbs that have also proven to be effective and allow the best product to win and then mandate that results be truthfully disclosed to the public. That should be how our tax dollars supports healinglet the best product(s) win via independent research and fully disclose all the results. Dont hold your breath for this to happen anytime soon!

The suppressed healing benefits of tart cherries

Tart cherries provide nutrients that play a strong role in reducing risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, Alzheimers disease, cataracts, and 224 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight functional deterioration due to age. However, besides the nutrients that many fruits provide, there is a list of other bioactive compounds found in fruit such as tart cherries that promote health and prevent diseases. They are rich in melatonin and are a powerful anti-inflammatory. What is in tart cherries that research has proven to be beneficial and even healing you might wonder? Tart cherries contain: Anthocyanins which help reduce inflammation and inhibit tumor growth. Flavanoids (isoqueritrin and queritrin) which improve blood flow, heart and brain health, and lowers blood pressure. According to leading researchers, queritrin is one of the most potent anticancer agents ever discovered. Consuming it in foods, such as cherries, is like unleashing inside your body an entire army of agents who are adept at neutralizing cancer-causing agents. Phenolic Acids which are powerful antioxidants. Phytochemicals (antioxidants) are associated with reducing the risk of major chronic diseases. Plant Hormones that help regulate physiological functions. Terpenes that are essential oils from plant elements. While some other fruits may have some of these bioactive compounds (such as antioxidants), tart cherries possess a wider variety of them and in greater amounts. Researchers at Michigan State University identified the presence of three powerful anthocyanins in tart cherries with the potential to inhibit the growth of colon cancer tumors. Tart cherries contain anthocyanins and bioflavonoids which inhibit the enzymes Cyclooxgenase-1 and 2, and prevent inflammation in the body. These compounds have similar activity as aspirin, maproxen and ibuprofen. Further investigations revealed that daily consumption of tart cherries has the potential to reduce the pain associated with inflammation, arthritis and gout. JudithND.Com 225

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness Many middle-aged and elderly consumers are choosing to drink cherry juice rather than take over-the-counter medications to stave off the pain of arthritis and gout. Tart cherries contain antioxidant compounds 10 times more active than aspirin to reduce inflammation. Twenty cherries provide 25 milligrams of anthocyanins, which help to shut down the enzymes that cause tissue inflammation in the first place, so cherries can prevent and treat many kinds of pain says Muraleedharan Nair, the lead researcher on the cherry project at Michigan State University. The anthocyanins also may protect artery walls from the damage that leads to plaque build-up and heart disease. In fact, the latest research shows that anthocyanins do a better job of protecting arteries than vitamins C and E. One ounce of concentrate tart cherry juice is equivalent to about 50-60 cherries. The University of Texas Health Science Center recently began to quantify the availability and activity of the melatonin in cherry products. Melatonin is a potent antioxidant for which there is extensive evidence showing it to be significant in improving the bodys circadian rhythms and natural sleep patterns. Melatonin is rapidly absorbed by the body, and it is predicted that eating just a handful of cherries will increase melatonin levels in the blood, thereby improving the bodys natural sleep patterns. Melatonin is one of the most potent detox agents that eliminate metals from your brain naturally. Increasing your melatonin production may be aided by consumption of tart cherry juice. I find that the best way to consume tart cherries is with the concentrated juice found in the freezer compartments of natural health stores and quality supermarkets. Mix just 1-2 ounces of this concentrate in a glass of water (alkalized preferred) and drink before going to bed. The melatonin will help you sleep better and all the other healing benefits will be working away during the night. If you suffer from major inflammatory diseases you may also drink it for breakfast to help relieve pain throughout the day. This is a far better way for you to use quality food to relieve pain than with over-the-counter drugs or prescriptions. Tart cherry juice is a healthy alternative to any form of soda and promotes healing, relieves pain and aids in a better, deeper sleep due to melatonin. I drink a glass of tart cherry juice every evening before bed and it has a 226 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight tremendous healthful effect on Morgellons symptom. Another very effective aid in the fight against chronic illness is Mangosteen. Mangosteen is my morning beverage. I mix both the cherry juice and the mangosteen juice concentrates in highly alkalized ionized water.

Mangosteen - A very powerful healing juice due to its immune system boosting and antimicrobial action
A laboratory test known as ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) has also shown that an ounce of mangosteen juice has 20 to 30 times the ability to absorb free radicals than one ounce of most fruits and vegetables. The ORAC test is one of the most accurate ways to measure the ability of antioxidants in a certain substance to absorb free radicals. The higher the ORAC score, the better the food is for anti-oxidant capability. Mangosteen Juice, Tart Cherry Juice Concentrate per 1 oz. Wolfberry Juice Pomegranates Blueberries Raspberries Carrots 17,000 12,800 3,472 3,037 2,400 1,220 200

What is in Mangosteen that helps you to stay well or to heal Xanthones; anthocyanin, polyphenols; quinines, tannin, catechins, polysaccharides and stilbenes. Mangosteen belongs to the same scientific family as that of the herbal supplement St. Johns Wort. Mangosteen contains more pharmacologically important ingredients than St. Johns Wort. Xanthones Mangosteen contains more than 40 xanthones, a relatively new class of compounds, which are powerful antioxidants that provide your body with health enhancing benefits. Xanthones are anti-viral, anti-fungal, antiinflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-hepatoxic (anti liver poisoning). Currently, of the more than 200 xanthones known to exist in nature, about 40 of them are found in the mangosteen fruit. JudithND.Com 227

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness Research is confirming the belief that the xanthone concentration of mangosteen is the major source of the fruits varied health benefits. The biological activities of xanthones have drawn the interest of the scientific community for several decadesand with good reason. Xanthones possess numerous bioactive properties. Several recent laboratory studies have highlighted the effect of xanthones on various bacteria such a Staphylococcus aureus, interococci, salmonella, Helicobacter pylori, and enterococci. Other lab studies have determined that the mangosteen possesses potent antioxidant activity. Still, more studies indicate that xanthones are effective at controlling the biochemical mechanisms leading to inflammation. Chronic inflammation has now been implicated as a cause in a host of conditions ranging from cardiovascular disease to diabetes. Mangosteen xanthones have proven to be effective against viruses such as HIV-1. In two separate studies, researchers proved that the xanthones in mangosteen prevented the growth of as many as six different dangerous fungi. [Gopalakrishnan G., Banumathi B., Suresh G. Evaluation of the anti fungal activity of natural xanthones from Garcinia mangostana and their synthetic derivatives. J. Nat Prod 1197 May;60(5); 519-24] and [Bonnie Tay Yen Ping. Chemical constituents of Garcinia mangostant, GParvifolia, G., griffitti, and G. diversifolia (Guttiferae) and their biological activities. Dissertation from Universiti Putra Malaysia, 1996] One of the greatest threats facing us is the increase of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. The more we use antibiotics to kill bacteria, the stronger the bacteria become. Several recent studies have tested the effect of mangosteen xanthones on some of todays most dangerous bacteria: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) MRSA is a antibiotic-resistant strain of staph which can cause skin and wound infections, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, blood infections, and even cause death. In vitro studies performed in Thialand have demonstrated that certain mangosteen xanthones possess antibacterial potency against MRSA equivalent to some common prescription antibiotics. [Voravuthikunchai SP, Kitpipit L. Activity of medicinal plant extracts against hospital isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2005;11(6):510-512] 228 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) Along with MRSA, VRE is one of the leading causes of hospital infections that are becoming increasingly resistant to common antibiotics. Researchers from Gifu University in Japan studied two mangosteen xanthones (alpha-mangostin and beta-mangostin) as anti-VRE agents, and found that the alpha mangostin alone or in combination with standard antibiotic prescription drugs was effective in controlling VRE cultures in the lag. [Sakagami , linuma M, Piyasena K, Dharmaratne H. Antibacerial activity of alpha-mangostin against vancomycin resistant Enterococci VRE and synergism with antibiotics. Phytomedicine, 2005;12(3):203-208 Both MRSA and VRE belong to the class of superbugs which constitute a serious menace in infectious disease. Helicobacter pylori. H. pylori infection has been found to be a major contributing factor in the development of gastric ulcers and stomach cancer. The antibacterial properties of xanthones suggest that mangosteen, which is capable of destroying H. phylori cultures in vitro, may be useful in promoting gastric health. [Voravuthikunchai S. Brusentsev S, ORourke J, Mitchell H, Efficacy of crude estracts of Thai medicinal plants on antibiotic resistant Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from peptic ulcers. Clin Microbiol Infect, 2004;10(1):334] As mentioned, these studies referred to were performed on laboratory cultures in vitro. Although human studies are necessary to confirm these findings, these preliminary results indicate that mangosteen xanthones have anti-bacterial potential. Mangosteen xanthones possess significant anti-inflammatory properties. Japanese researchers, for example, have demonstrated that xanthones from the fruits rind possess anti-allergy/anti-inflammatory activity due to inhibition of histamine release and prostaglandin E2 syntheses. This means that the mangosteen xanthones appear to be able to inhibit the effects of histamine, and to impede the productions of prostaglandin E2both major elements of the inflammation process. The researchers also suggested that mangosteen could be promising new treatment for allergy related conditions. JudithND.Com 229

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness

Another study from University of Madras in India found that, in addition to promoting substantial anti-inflammatory activity, a key mangosteen xanthone called mangostin demonstrated significant anti-ulcer activity in experimental animals. Additionally, promising research has suggested that mangosteen xanthones may provide protection against inflammatory degenerative diseases of the central nervous system. Concerning their findings, a Japanese research team stated that gamma-mangostin could serve as a new lead compound for drug development for the prevention and/or treatment of inflammation and brain disease. Chronic or long-term inflammation can wreak havoc on the human body and can contribute to dozens of serious health problems. The mangosteen holds enormous promise as an effective means of countering chronic inflammation. Polysaccharides Polysaccharides are incredibly potent anti-cancer and anti-bacterial plant compounds. Polysaccharides help block a mutated cells ability to stick to healthy cells. This helps stop the spread of cancer. Japanese scientists isolated several polysaccharides from mangosteen that helped decrease murine tumors (a cancerous tumor in mice). Another study that looked at the polysaccharides from mangosteen found that they were effective against intracellular bacteria (such as Salmonella enteridtidis). The study results showed that the mangosteens potent polysaccharides killed all of the bacteria in the culture. [Michio Fujihara, Yumiko Kurata, Yasuyuki Kosaka, Prasit Chanarat, Terukaze Nagumo. Antitumor polysaccharides from the pericarb of mangosteen. Bull Chiang Mai Assoc Med Sci. Vol. 30, supplement No. 1, 1997] Quinones Quinones are known for their anti-bacterial properties. In fact, quinines have a similar molecular structure to tetracycline, a common antibiotic. In addition, quinines are extremely strong free radical inhibitors. [O.I. Shadyro et al 92002) Quinones as free radical fragmentation inhibitors in 230 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight biologically important molecules. Free Radical Research] Stilbenes Stilbenes are a plants defense against fungi. The amazing thing about stilbenes is that they maintain their anti-fungal properties even when they are eaten. Stilbenes are also strong antioxidants. [ Jang M.D., Cai E.,N., Udeani Go.O., slowing K.V., Thomas C.F., Beecher C.W.W., Fong H.H.S., Farnsworth N.R., Kinghorn A.D., Mehta R.G., Moon R.C., Pessuto J.M., 1997. Cancer chemopreventive activity of resveratrol, a natural product devived from Grapes. Science, 275, 218-220] I recommend you only purchase the mangosteen juice that contains 100% mangosteen and no other fruit juices. You can always add the less expensive fruit juices to the 100% mangosteenwhich sells for about the same price as the ones with 70 percent or more other fruit juices. This product is part of my daily regimen and I highly recommend its use to both healthy and ill people. This is an incredibly healing juice and a beneficial preventative. Use a minimum of one ounce daily and two would be better if you are treating a particular illness. Mangosteen is a very important part of a natural healing protocol in the treatment of chronic illnesses of the 21st century. It is also available in capsules and is somewhat less expensive but I favor the 100% juice if at all possible. I do use capsules when I travel. Mangosteen is a potent antimicrobial while at the same time is a very healthy beverage that can be mixed with other fruit juices as your morning breakfast drink. What a great way to get and stay well! View the biological activity of Garcina Mangostana L by Dr. James A. Duke available here: http://www.ars-grin-gov/duke Use foods that heal you as your choice of beverage. Do not drink soda pop it is either too much sugar, corn syrup or artificial sweetener and you should not be consuming any of these. We have to make wise choices in our food selection.



Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness

Another top natural healing product you wont be hearing about from the FDA anytime soon
GARLIC Natures Antibiotic for Fighting Viruses and Bacteria Garlic has a tremendous effect as an antiviral and antimicrobial. Garlic is also anti fungal, anti-parasitic, lipid lowering and anti-clogging (thins blood). It also helps lower blood pressure, has anti cancer properties and is also an antioxidant. Garlic is an incredibly versatile substance. It has been used medicinally for 500 years. It was used in the Renaissance era to treat the plague and small pox. Albert Switzer used it in Africa to treat cholera and typhoid in the early 20th century. Allicidin is the main active component that is extracted to get the wonderful effect from garlic. When you pick up the garlic clove it is interesting that allicin is not in the garlic bulb. Nature takes two different compounds, alley and allenase enzyme, and puts them in different compartments of that plant so that when the plant is stressed or under attack they combine together and create this wonderful ingredient called allicin to kill off the attacking bacteria. After the attack, the plant goes back to normal. Thats the magic of crushing the garlic to allow these products to join together so we can get the benefit. The problem is the allicin does not stay stable for very long. There are several products that have a unique, patented process for stabilizing allicin. On the bottle of the garlic you are purchasing you should see allicin offered in micrograms and not allicin potential. Allicin is known to have a very broad spectrum antibacterial effect against E-coli, Staphylococcus aurius, Strep, Proteus, Pseudomonas, and Klebsiella. It is common is to find Klebsiella in people with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis as well as other inflammatory conditions. Allicin can also be helpful against Helicobacter Pylori which is one of the major causes of stomach ulcers. Clostridium, Shegella and Salmonella are also very sensitive to allicin as are most strains of yeast such as Candida. For parasites, using as little as 30 micrograms per/ml in studies was effective against Interamoeba histolytica, Giardia and other parasites. There are also good studies with allicin against Cytomegalo virus, Herpes virus, and Human Rhino virus. 232 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight Allicidin is also great for the common cold. In a 12 week study with 70 active treatment patients and 70 active placebo patients. The dosage used on the active treatment patients was only 1 capsule of allicin. The placebo group had a total of 65 colds and the allicidin group had only 24. The average duration of symptoms was much less in the allicidin group at around a day and . The placebo group had the cold for 5 days and the allicidin treated group had a much better recovery. There have also been studies with allicidin with antibacterial resistant bacteria. The study was done with Staph aureus and allicidin was effective at killing this antibiotic resistant strain. There are also many studies looking at allicidin as an anti carcinogen especially in the GI tract. There are studies in China that show that large amounts of garlic can reduce the incidence of stomach cancer by 90%. An American study showed it reduced pre-cancerous colorectal polyps by 37%. Use allicin for Candida Albicans infections of the gut and for colds and flu as well as strep throat. It is also part of the Lymes protocol. It can also be used as part of a cardiovascular support protocol because of the anticlotting effect. The dosage for allicidin if there is an acute infection should be 2 to 3 capsules, 4 times a day. For acute Lymes this dose should be maintained for 30 days. If your doctor has you on antibiotics for Lymes disease, the allicidin will potentize the antibiotics so they work better. For gut problems use 2 to 3 capsules, 2 or 3 times a day for 14 days. For Morgellons or chronic Lymes, 3 capsules, 3 times a day. For cardiovascular disease start with 2 capsules, 2 times a day. These are general rules that should be discussed with your treating health care provider.

Other Potent Natural Alternative Antibiotics

Cats Claw (Pau d Arco), Grapefruit Seed Extract, Oil of Oregano and ozonated Olive Oil are very effective in both internal and external killing of pathogens. You may have to experiment with what works best for you. However, all of the above products are safe to use for extended periods of time, they will not weaken your immune system, will not further destroy your intestinal flora and will kill a broad spectrum of harmful pathogens. Because the diseases mentioned seem to have very pleomorphic organisms involved you may find it necessary to switch between various antimicrobial products for continued improvement. An even better method to heal will be covered towards the end of this chapter! JudithND.Com 233

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness

Energy Healing
Frequency Devices
In 2006 I purchased a type of Rife frequency machine called an FScan2, which is Swiss made. When I began to use this unit I had a charcoal grey goo come out of the hand that held the positive electrode. This went on for at least a month. I was able to peel this charcoal substance off my palm like latex paint. Energy treatments appear to pull whatever this is to the positive electrode. If I put the positive electrode on my leg then the organism would cause a large sore to form. So the goo on my hands was easier to live with than the large sores that formed when I applied the electrode elsewhere. Sore formation from treatment has happened often in my energy work, but not nearly as much as to be able to peel it off as I initially did with the first sessions. I had severe Herxheimer (flu-like symptoms) reactions and then I gradually began to feel better. Before the use of frequency healing I was so ill I not only thought I would die, I wanted to because I was so sick. There is research being done now that shows that various frequencies may be able to break down biofilms within the body as well. Perhaps this is what I experienced when I had the goo coming out of my skin. This treatment did improve my health a great deal, but still it did not completely heal me. However, at the time I began this I had no idea of how to dissolve biofilms and I did not know about making sure the biotoxins did not reabsorb once various pathogens were destroyed by the frequencies. Now that I learned so much more than I knew back then I think that perhaps the right frequencies could completely heal Lyme Disease and Morgellons when used in conjunction with the other products. Eventually, rather than getting sores or grey goo where I placed the positive electrodes, the skin would feel itchy and there would be a minimal coming to the surface of the organism. I then applied essential oils to the area and it was normal feeling within the same day. I also purchased other types of frequency machines and experimented with them. The FScan2 is expensive but good, however, the one I use now, more than the FScan2, is the F165 unit attached to the laptop. My frequency treatments will continue for the rest of my life. I use them at least once every 7-10 days. The frequencies appear to drive whatever this organism is to the surface. This can cause various reactions. Initially I developed huge blisters, the 234

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Chapter Eight size of my hand, on various parts of my body after an energy treatment. The amber goo would be inside the blisters and there would be a huge painful sore that then had to be healed which would take a couple weeks. This rather severe reaction happened about 4 times. But, whatever it is, has to come out and you cannot get well until it does. So, as horrid as this experience might sound I was glad to have found a method to bring them out. I fully endorse the use of energy healing with appropriate frequencies. Again, one must study and learn how all this is done. Or you must work with an alternative health practitioner skilled in the use of Rife type frequency devices. It is my opinion that the best way to fight Morgellons, and/or Chronic Lyme disease, which will also then include all the various vector borne infections, is with the use of a frequency device along with the proper biofilm dissolving enzymes, anti-parasiticals, anti-virals, antimicrobials and anti-fungals. Then, you must mop up the biotoxins that will be released when you do the appropriate treatment. This is an ongoing detoxification process. It may be necessary to do the whole process again and again until you have peeled off every layer of the onion. That is how this all works, you keep attacking each layer and day by day you will improve. It has taken me over three years to get to the point of where I can see the light at the end of the tunnel and ten years to figure it all out! But, at long last I am well enough to function at a reasonably normal existence and I continue to improve as time goes on. I have been ill for so long I cannot fully convince myself of that I will ever be fully healed but deep down I believe this will occur. I have learned so much in this journey.

Color Light Therapy

Another form of energy healing is light therapy. I use blue lights, red lights and a violet light along with special blends of essential oils to bring the energy more deeply into the tissues. This type of therapy did more for my skin in 3 months than anything else used topically. It is another alternative therapy that is being researched at this time and is proving to be very effective in treatment of acne, eczema, psoriasis, cancer and as I have learned, Morgellons lesions. It does not go deeply enough into your body to be the product of choice but it is a great external healing modality. The use and study of frequencies is well worth your money, time and effort. In the future of medicine I believe there will come a time when you will be JudithND.Com 235

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness able to have your bodily frequencies tested and adjusted and this electrical adjustment will be able to kill any unwanted elements. Of course, this will come after the controlling and self serving element of big pharma has ended and a just and caring health care system replaces it. In the meantime, it is a to complicated for the average person to properly use frequency devices without a very well trained technician guiding you. I have learned how to use energy to heal in a much safer and less expensive system. Read on!

Essential Oils
The healing power of essential oils has been documented before Christ. This book cannot go into all the healing that can be obtained from the proper use of therapeutic grade essential oils. If you want to learn about safe and natural remedies that will heal you I highly recommend you study the healing type essential oil books (not just the aromatherapy books for taking a bath or making soap). Essential Oils Desk Reference by Essential Science Publishing is a large 520 page hard cover book that will teach you everything you need to know about healing yourself and loved ones with essential oils. Considering the potential of viruses, and all the other pathogens in the world I dont think I want to be without my edition of this reference manual. Online study is also possible. Please do some self teaching unless you are working with a skilled person who knows how to use essential oils for healing. They are excellent for helping with many illnesses and also as a preventative. Your home should include many of the essential oils kept in a dark cabinet for use when emergencies occur. They last for years as long as they have not been added to a carrier oil. Carrier oils will go rancid in as little as six months, but the essential oils will not spoil and can be kept for several years.

What benefits do Pure Therapeutic Grade Essential Oils Provide?

EOs are the regenerating, oxygenating, and immune defense properties of plants. EOs are so small in molecular size that they can quickly penetrate the skin 236 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight EOs are lipid soluble and are capable of penetrating cell walls, even if they have hardened because of an oxygen deficiency. In fact, eos can affect every cell of the body within 20 minutes and are then metabolized like other nutrients. EOs contain oxygen molecules which help to transport nutrients to the starving human cells. Because a nutritional deficiency is an oxygen deficiency, disease begins when the cells lack the oxygen for proper nutrient assimilation. By providing the needed oxygen, essential oils also work to stimulate the immune system. EOs are very powerful antioxidants. Antioxidants create an unfriendly environment for free radicals. They prevent all mutations, work as free radical scavengers, prevent fungus, and prevent oxidation in the cells. EOs are anti-bacterial, anti-cancerous, anti-fungal, anti-infectious, anti-microbial, anti-tumoral, anti-parasitic, anti-viral, and antiseptic. Essential oils have been shown to destroy all tested bacteria and viruses while simultaneously restoring balance to the body. EOs may detoxify the cells and blood in the body EOs containing sesquiterpenes have the ability to pass the blood brain barrier, enabling them to be effective in the treatment of Alzheimers disease, Lou Gehris disease, Parkinsons disease and Multiple Sclerosis. EOs are aromatic. When diffused into the air they provide air purification by: removing metallic particles and toxins from the air Increasing atmospheric oxygen Increasing ozone and negative ions in the area, which inhibits bacterial growth Destroying odors from mold, cigarettes, and animals; and filling the air with a fresh, aromatic scent EOs help promote emotional, phthisical and spiritual healing EOs have a bio-electrical frequency that is several times greater than the frequency of herbs, food, and even the human body. Clinical research has shown that EOs can quickly raise the frequency of the JudithND.Com 237

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness human body, restoring it to its normal, healthy level. Some essential oils are antimicrobial, anti-parasitical, anti-fungal, anti-viral and they can mix with one another very effectively to obtain the desired results. You may consume some types of essential oil in capsules or as drops in your juice. Inhalation is a common means to get the benefit of the oil, thus the term aromatherapy. They may be applied to the skin and are absorbed and in every cell in your body within seconds. They are able to penetrate the blood/brain barrier and thus can be very helpful for brain diseases. I use at least 20 types of essential oils regularly and have at least 40 types in my cabinet for possible use in blending. However, to be honest, I have to also say that even though they did help me keep from dying, they did not cure my Morgellons disease, they just helped to combat all the problems. The energy devices and the ionized water were the final healing agents I needed. However, I am certainly grateful for the knowledge that I have in the use of these wonderful plant extracts. Nature has been good to uswe just have not been taught in how to use the bountiful blessings she has bestowed upon us. Acne and parasites can be treated with bergamot essential oil (EO). However when bergamot is used avoid contact with UV light. Extreme sensitization can result so use caution if you use bergamot EO. Frankincense, Melissa and Lavender blended in calendula oil as a carrier is very effective topical for skin lesions. An excellent remedy for shingles is geranium, lavender and frankincense. This blend can discharge toxins from the liver. Ledum essential oil contains more anti-cancer and anti-tumor properties than does frankincense. Ledum is helpful for ADD. Helichrysum is blood cleansing and also can stop bleeding. Blue Cypress increases flow of oxygen to brain. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexusosus) has been used for infectious diseases, fevers, is an insecticide, and is a sedative to the central nervous system. 238 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight Lemongrass improves the lymphatic system, gets the oxygen flowing, helps in purification, tissue regeneration and water retention. Lemongrass is a broad spectrum antibacterial. This is a very important EO for Morgellons. Cinnamaldehyde has been shown to reduce the formation of E.Coli biofilms. Cinnamon EO also helps to lower blood pressure and has various antimicrobial uses. Clove, oregano, nutmeg, lemon, garlic and thyme are all very versatile in pathogen removal. This book will not give detailed product by product research on the various, and many, essential oils that can help to heal many illnesses. But one that I will give more details on is Oregano essential oil.

A Study on Oregano Essential Oil

Oregano oil is produced by distillation of the leaves and flowers of wild Mediterranean oregano (Origanum vulgare). Oregano oil is rich in phenolic compounds, including carvacrol and thymol, which have been shown to be powerfully germicidal against a wide range of bacteria, fungi and protozoal parasites, even at minute concentrations of the oil. A large number of test tube studies have shown oregano oil, or its most active constituents carvacrol and thymol, to kill a broad range of bacteria and fungi. 32 plants oils were tested against 13 food spoilage and industrial yeasts by the agar diffusion method. Growing yeasts were spread on special plates only the center of which small dics dipped in a one percent or 10 percent essential oil were placed. The zone of inhibition, wherein no yeasts grew, was measured after four days. Out of 32 oils, only garlic oil had a larger average zone of inhibition than oregano oil, and oregano had a larger zone of inhibition than garlic oil for four of 13 yeasts tested. Oregano inhibited the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a hard-to-kill bacterium that causes human wound infections. Overall, oregano oil was better at inhibiting germ growth than all oils tested except lemongrass oil. Oregano oil was effective at concentrations as low as 0.12 percent. Oregano oil was tested against mold Asperfillus parasiticus. It was able to stop mold growth at concentrations as low as 0.1 percent. The production of aflatoxins, incredibly potent toxins produced by many aspergillus species, was also measured. Oregano oil was one of three oils that could JudithND.Com 239

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness inhibit aflatoxin production more than 90 percent at an oil concentration of only 0.01 percent, and could completely inhibit aflatoxin production at 0.1 percent. Oregano oil was compared to the drug Nystatin in treatment of Candida albicans, the cause of yeast syndromes. Oregano was able to kill 99.9% of the Candida at a dilution of 2 parts per million. 600 mg of emulsified oregano oil was given to 13 adults for six weeks who had tested positive for intestinal parasites (Entamoeba, endolinax or Blastocystis). Parasites could no longer be detected in 10 out of the 13 after treatment. The parasite score (parasites counted under a microscope) decreased for the other three. Seven of the eight who had originally tested positive for Blastocycitis hominis reported significant improvement of their symptoms, such as bloating, GI cramping, alternating diarrhea and constipation, and fatigue. Oregano is GRAS, (generally regarded as safe), but the oil should be used with caution, as it can be irritating to the mucous membranes. It should be taken with food, partway through a meal, not on an empty stomach. Oregano oil may trigger the die-off phenomenon in those suffering intestinal candidiasis or other intestinal microbial infestation due to its powerful germ-killing action.

An olive oil and garlic recipe for those with Morgellons

If you dislike the smell of garlic this one will not be pleasant for you because it is a rather crude remedy, but worth the trouble and mess because it is something all can afford and it works. Use extra virgin olive oil and fresh pressed garlic cloves. In a blender put in one quarter cup of olive oil and add to that the minced or pressed garlic from all the cloves of two whole garlic bulbs. Blend until a smooth paste is formed. Put in a wide dish so that you can easily dip your fingers into it. Spread this paste on all areas of your skin where you have sores but not in eyes, eyebrows area is as close to the eyes as you should apply and if infected they need this treatment. Wait about 3-4 minutes and then begin to massage the area where you applied it. I used it on my hands, face, arms and scalp. When I rubbed my face and hands after it had been on the skin for a short time many of the skin indwelling organisms would come to the surface. When I put this on my scalp I would wrap my head in a plastic bag for at least an hour before I went to the shower (pray that company does not appear at the door!). It makes a mess but easily washes clean with soap and 240 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight water. Your skin feels great after this treatment and many organisms will be brought out. Do not use this treatment unless you are also pushing out the toxins internally however. Coconut Oil can be substituted for olive oil and is a wonderful addition for both external application and ingesting some daily. I cannot go into all the wonderful benefits of coconut oil but I suggest you read the book Coconut Cures by Bruce Fife, ND

After all my searching I have found what works the best for me:
First: use Blockbuster All Clear capsules this will eliminate the biofilm at the same time as it kills fungus, virus and bacteria. This product takes away pain, inflammation, dissolves the tissue swellings that are part of this condition. I cannot say enough about how helpful this product is. Add to this Curcumin 98 - one a day Both of these products are available here: If you have Lymes add Cats Claw (TOA free) At the end of each day but not within 2 hours of any supplement or prescriptions (as it will pull out everything) use Edible Earth available at the above website. It pulls out the material that you have been working at killing off during the day. Do not use the clay during the day. You want to work at killing during the day and mopping up during the night. If you do not have two healthy bowel movements daily add magnesium and vitamin C during the day and more fiber such as Metamucil to the nightly clay drink modify the use of the products until you have at least two good healthy bowel movements daily. Do this as long as you are still fighting off any fungus, bacteria, or viral conditions. Remember, first you kill it in the daytime and then you eliminate it at night or it will recirculate. You have to do the one two punch! In addition to the above here what follows is what I have found to be the very best and easy to use products to fight off the diseases that result from our toxic environment. JudithND.Com 241

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness

At Last!
After all my searching what I have found are energy products which are also detoxification products. They pull out the silicone fibers, they pull out metal, they pull out all impurities and NOTHING compares! These products work better than the Rife machines, better than Far Infared Saunas, better then lights and they have all the natural ingredients you need in them so you do not need to be getting all types of other products. I learned about them from other naturopaths because they are used by professionals for removal of all types of toxic overloads and that is what we have going on. I do not care if you follow Dr. Martins theory, the GMO theory or Dr. Staningers nano technology theoryit all boils down to a major toxic overload that we must eliminate from our bodies. Once you get the toxins out and rebalance energy no matter what theory you choose to believe in you will begin to get better! So please allow me to introduce you to an amazing company and product line which is specifically designed for ongoing detoxification and energy balancing: (Use this link and you will receive 20% off listed retail prices) I had not heard of this company until I began my studies about healing with energy and detoxification products and now all I can do is share the news with you in hopes that you too can benefit from the use of these amazing products. Remember now, I have tried EVERYTHING and then I tried these and I promise you these are the products that pull out whatever this mess is and allow your body to begin the healing process.

An Explanation of what these products are and how they work

DNR Inc. energy products are liquid light energy! The base structure of mans existence begins at the atomic level and below! If all is not well at this level, then nothing can express wellness at any other level. DNR energy generated products focus on correcting any energy imbalances existing at the atomic level. DNR found effective ways to balance and fuel the bodys molecular struc242 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight tures. It is the subatomic particles and their atomic make up that are responsible for meeting the energetic and balancing needs of all cellular complexes. Whenever DNR scientists develop a product to perform particular tasks, they use light-wave energy to signal and trigger precise responses. These responses take place first at the atomic level, which, in turn, corrects anatomical and biochemical imbalances. The body uses electrical energy to communicate and energize the life processes. The body is composed of atoms that are themselves electrical in nature and functioning much like microscopic batteries. These atomic structures respond to light-energized signals as well as electrical vibrations. DNR energy solutions are made from electrolytic particles and water. Each solution maintains its own group of electrically charged molecules coded with specific light-wave energies. When topically applied or orally ingested, these energies can assist in triggering the appropriate responses throughout the targeted assist areas of the body. The bodys cells respond quickly to electronic vibrations when they match up with the bodys natural response rhythms. Toxic and weak energy areas of the body also respond quickly to certain stimulating frequency signals. Long term toxicity of chemicals and/or metals compromise immune responses. The bodys immune system also depends on the bodys balance and free flowing energy movement to successfully fight off illness and disease. However, if the immune system has been compromised or affected by unnatural causes, the rebalancing and reestablishing of ample energy movement must occur before its ability to fight can be restored. All DNR light-activated formulations provide the fastest and safest means of restoring balance and maintaining the bodys highest level of vital energy. DNR encodes a select group of vibrational energy signals which target specific areas of the body. These energy signals will resonate at a force suitable for meeting the subtle needs of the targeted areas atomic structure. For instance, DNR Detox Booster Body Soak, Item COF-130EX (the one that removes silicone and heavy metal) is charged and energized particles activate responses by using light-wave signals to stimulate detoxifying and other desired responses within the cell. JudithND.Com 243

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness After adding the Detox Booster Body Soak to your bath water, you simply relax. The baths charged water molecules send their coded signals to parts of the body experiencing imbalances or blockages of energy movement. As localized balance returns to these areas, the release and removal of metallic and chemical toxins can take place naturally and expeditiously. The unique manner in which Detox Booster Body Soak assists the body in the natural extrication of toxins through the skins pores is not only safe and effective, but healthy as well. By using natural pathways in the body that lead directly to the skins surface, harmful chemicals and metals wont be processed through the organs and glands. When using some oral chelating or other cleansing procedures, toxins can often bind to organs, glands and other tissues causing greater harm than when left attached to stable fatty tissues. Once toxic debris reaches the outer layer of skin, it becomes part of the bath water particles. Not always, but often, the polluted water can appear murky or have a definite odor, tint or color. Lack of discoloration is not an indication the soak is not working however. As you leave the tub, you will have left a major portion of toxins and body poisons behind to be disposed of safely down the drain. You will take with you a feeling of renewal, greater circulation and balance. Your bodys sensitive nervous system has been stimulated to allow an increase in vital energy as well as the unblocking of those energy pathways. It is the increase of the bodys vial energy that helps bring about balance and a greater resistance to illness and disease. The most important feature of the Detox Booster Soak and its companion oral supplement, Item COF-520EX, is their synergistic ability to assist the body with the natural release of chemical and metal toxins without spreading them throughout the body. Then, while soaking and for 36 hours thereafter, the body moves toxic agents through natural pathways that carry them to the sweat and sebaceous glands, and then safely out through the pores of the skin. Each Detox Booster regimen is developed to: Stimulate Balance and Energy Movement Increase Immune Functions 244 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight Unblock clogged energy pathways Release/Remove Toxic Metal/Chemicals End Results Include: Cellular/Functional Balance Immune System Maximized Reduced Stress Healthier and Cleaner Tissue Greater Lymph and Blood Circulation Comment: Regular strength EVB water energizer should be used by those who have never used DNR energy activated products. According to directions, add EVB to drinking water three days prior to and during any of the Soak products or regimens. This allows the body to establish balance and be prepared for the sensations from the accelerated movement of renewed energy and vitality that normally comes from the first soaks. It is recommended to leave the head submerged for approximately 10 minutes. This allows for the natural removal of chemical and metallic toxins that may be isolated in the jaw, gums or head. The sticky toxic debris held in the hair can be removed later by adding lemon juice to shampoo lather as you shampoo your hair. If you have Morgellons your hair will feel like steel wool after a soak! Perhaps the most valuable aspect of relaxing in any Liquid Needle Body Soak Bath is its ability to deal with the very foundation of your life and health. The entire human body is composed of, and energized by, its atomic structure. The major purpose of each soak is to balance and raise the bodys level of energy. This is done in part by raising the intensity of atoms found in the cellular structure of every living cell. There are thought to be some 200 trillion of these living cells in the human body. It is the energy found in the atoms of each cell that determines the bodys balance, vitality and health. The bodys communication system depends on its electrical energy and balance. Like toxins, electromagnetically spawned signals from man-made sources can result in imbalances causing multiple health problems. In order to get well and be healed, the body must rely on its own naturally JudithND.Com 245

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness occurring functions to facilitate a series of mechanisms that can deal with any stress, pathogen or harmful invader. The body depends on constant balance and the continuance of free flowing energy at the highest possible level in order to stay well or get well. No medicine, drug or other synthetically made agent can bring about the healing process. All healing is ultimately left to the bodys own natural resources. Similarly, all health continuance and maintenance depend exclusively on the bodys ability to fight off any imposing sickness or disease. There is simply no better way to fortify and correct the bodys balancing and disease fighting capabilities than through the regular use of DNRs Detox Booster and Rebalancing Body Soaks. The bodys cells must maintain the highest level of balance and vital energy in order to deal with internal toxins and disease causing invaders. Before the body can ever be healed or a nagging health situation corrected, chemical and metal toxins must be addressed. DNR, Inc. enjoys the reputation of being the developer and creator of a line of health products that deal with disease and illness through the bodys release and safe removal of unsafe agents. All natural substances on our planet produce vibratory signals that are often undetectable by the human eye or ear. These vibrational signals are conveyed in photons (light-waves). Every substance or object has its own unique energy signature that can be conveyed as light energy, or photons. The entire universe responds to the synchrony of these energetic signals. Everything we eat, drink, breathe or absorb communicated with our bodies through some type of signaling sequence. Our bodies are made to respond positively or negatively to the countless signals emanating from all natural and unnatural sources. Every part of the body communicates through signaling impulses delivered from within and outside the body. DNR makes light-energized liquid solutions. These solutions have been charged and encoded with light-wave energies obtained from plants or other resources. These light-energy solutions amplify specific signals intended to be detected by the body and acted upon according to their vibratory message. The entire body depends on signaling pathways and their messages. 246 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight You should use these products to remove toxins to prevent toxic overload by doing a soak every 7 to 10 days. You should use these products for healing from an illness every 3 days until you are well and then use them once a week. Detoxify or Die is a book written by Dr. Sherry Rogers, it goes into use of FIR saunas but the soaks are even better than the saunas! I have both and use both but I would not have spent all the money on the sauna had I known about the soaks. I will link you to their DNR Inc. video pages so you can learn about what they offer but first let me say this. There are various suggested protocols, one for parasites, one for heavy metal removal, (which is the same as the one for silicone removal), one for cancer, fibromyalgia etc.... I began with the parasite protocol, then I moved to the heavy metal detox, then I did the chronic fatigue one and then I did the one for cancer because of what is in the products. You need to make a choice as to what you feel is your worst problem and begin there, then once you have done that protocol for a few weeks switch to another until you have all your problems resolved. A little further on I will give the complete suggested protocol for heavy metal, chemical and silicone removal. I do not think the parasite one is needed as much as the chemical and metal detox protocol. Ultimately you will have to be the one who decides what you need to do. If you go to website I will post various protocols and for specific conditions. Look it over and make choices from it. If you want to use these products I can get you 20% off their retail prices if you plug in this code number: 8363151 once you get to and enter the code number your total will have 20% reduction! Just for YOU! To learn about the liquid energy and detoxification click on this video To review their protocols: Education: mv?Screen=CTGY&Category_Code=EDUC JudithND.Com 247

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness Online Video Library: Code=DI&Category_Code=video Once on their site read the testimonials. The reason I feel that these products are so effective is that they are not only addressing detoxification issues they are addressing energy issues. What I learned from my own illness and from talking to many others who also suffer with Morgellons is that there is an energy associated with the fibers. This energy is affected by all types of energy fields and some of us with this condition can feel very ill after being in the wrong type of electro magnetic fields (EMF). That is why I believe DNR Inc. has the products that are so helpful. They specialize in reducing the effects of EMF and in detoxification. Once you begin these products all those fibers stop forming!

When all else fails, body soaks work!

Removing Leached Silicone from Breast Implants In 1996, Alternative Medicine Digest highlighted an article about how Dr. Lee Cowden, a cardiologist from Dallas, Texas, provided a protocol for very sick women whose bodies were internally poisoned from breast implants that leached silicone throughout the body. The article went on to state how quick and effective DNRs Body SoakGold was in triggering the release and removal of white silicone flecks that appeared in the bath water. Since that time DNR has shipped Body Soak-Gold to hospitals, clinics, doctors offices and directly to dealers with clients experiencing problems with breast implants. Today, DNR manufactures 22 different Body Soak formulations. Each one relates specifically to a condition or series of conditions. While each formulation can balance the body and increase vitality, their major function is to free up blocked energy pathways. As these processes are all taking place, toxic accumulations can be safely removed in a unique manner through the pores of the skin. Any other method could break down toxins from the walls of fatty tissue and circulate them through the blood stream, where they may lodge themselves into the bodys organs, glands, and tissues. 248 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight I realize there are those who simply wont go to the trouble of taking a regimen of soaks, no matter how toxic their bodies are. Body Soaks are not part of their daily or nightly routine. Maybe if they could see the Federal Governments reports that clearly indicate 100% of the population is poisoned with toxic metals and chemicals or maybe if they truly believed that these toxins cause disease and premature death, a 30 minute soak twice each week for several months might just be worth it. (Click here to read more about this Toxicity Report). There is no easier, faster or simpler way that is as effective in ridding the body of toxic pollutants, as the bath soaks. If there were a better way to restore energy movement and rebalance the entire body, I would endorse it. Each human being must have the best in order to survive todays environmental, chemical and metal toxicity, and DNR Body Soaks are simply the best.

How Body Soaks are Formulated to Work

Imagine, just a few short years ago scientists developed a new way to unlock hotel/motel room doors without using expensive keys. Now, by taking a small credit card sized piece of plastic, the hotel front desk can encode signals that can unlock a specific guest room door. The little strip on the back of the card can hold thousands of bits of information, just like your credit cards. DNR, Inc., in a joint venture with Diamondhead Laboratories, Inc., has been successful in encoding specific energy signals into energy-based water solutions. Like key cards, these solutions can hold thousands of bits of information. These energy encoded solutions can then be used in products for oral, topical and bath soak applications. Each individual formulation, upon the appropriate contact with the body, sends subtle energized light-wave signals to targeted areas of the body. Each formulated item will carry an electrical charge with a select group of subtle energy codes that deal specifically with certain conditions and/or areas of the body. The bodys sensitive, yet complex, communication system responds to these signaling impulses in a manner similar to your TV or garage door opener when it responds to your remote control. Sensors in the body detect these JudithND.Com 249

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness light activated signals and respond according to their encoded frequency selection. The electrical charge in each formulation is sufficient to trigger the movement of natural energy throughout the body as well as energy pathways that may be blocked or too weak to be utilized by the body. The DNR Body Soaks are formulated to trigger all the areas of the body needing attention during each soaking period. Toxins of all kinds are encouraged to move outwardly through the pores of the skin where they can do no harm. They are not broken down and circulated throughout the body. Toxins move to the surface of the skin and are attached to the hair and skin until they are washed away. (Sometimes, when one is very toxic, and leaving the tub after soaking, they will notice the sticky hair residue just on the head). The electrical charge in each Body Soak provides the bodys 1,300-plus energy points a triggering, or stimulation, of sorts. This, along with the coded frequency signals, can bring about the restoration of vital energy and balance. has more information on formulations. To learn more about DNR body soaks click here Receive a 20% discount on all their retail prices use this code #: 8363151 on their main site. See this video about the heavy metal and chemical detoxification protocol: Beginning Protocol for Morgellons and victims of the fiber disease(s) Products you need from DNR (I still would like you to also use the Blockbuster All Clear for the first couple months discussed in the biofilm area earlier in this chapter it is not from this company). EVB Regular Strength - put in water and drink daily per bottle label Liquid Needle Yellow Label EX orally 3-6 drops in water, 3 times day COF-520EX add 4 drops to 2 to 3 ounces of water and drink 3 x day Body Soak: COF-130EX 3 bottles First FOUR Days use only EVB and do not use the other products yet Use the EVB regular strength as follows: 250 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight 2 ounces in a quart of water and drink during the day consume all before 6:00 pm . You will be using the EVB in your drinking water daily for a long timelater we move up to an Extra Strength version. Do not keep the EVB (or the other bottles) near any electronic devices or the energy codes within them could be destroyed. Do not refrigerate, do not keep by computer, cell phones or TV or any other electrical device. We are dealing with energy products and we do not want to have any other energy near them. The photons within these products must not be modified with outside electrical energies so keep them away from all electrical energy fields. Fifth Day begin COF-520EX oral drops, Liquid Needle Yellow EX oral drops and first bath soak in COF-130EX. In addition to the EVB which you will continue to use daily, you now add to that the COF-520EX (Extra Strength) put a small amount of water in a glass and add 4 drops of the Oral drops. To this same water add 3-6 drops of Yellow Label Ex Strength and drink. Do this first thing in the morning and then each evening. You will continue to use theses products for the duration of the time that you are soaking in the COF-130EX Body Soak. For individuals who have not been ill for a very long time you may be detoxed within one month. The longer you have been ill the longer it takes to get better. Initial Body Soak begins on day FIVE. You will use 2 ounces in your tub of warm water for the first soak. This must be done in the evening before going to bed. You must keep as much of your body submersed as possible. Lay on your back, then on one side with the side of your face and head under water . Only your nostrils should be above the water line! Switch sides and while one side is soaking have face towels in the tub and cover the exposed areas of hips and shoulders with the wet towels so that all of your skin is wet with the solution. Remain in the tub soak for no less than 30 minutes and 45 is even better. Do not shower off the solution until the next morning. In the morning or at least 4 hours later: Your hair is going to feel like steel wool! It may take 3-4 shampooings to get out all that comes out of your hair. Lemon juice may be needed to cut through it if it is really bad. This is a very good product to help you: Aveeno Baby Body Wash and Shampoo, available at any pharmacy in baby shampoo area. In the morning, step into the shower and get wet, use the Aveeno as a shampoo and a body wash. Put it heavily into your hair and then without being under the water stream use the Aveeno as a body wash and keep rubbing it all over. WithJudithND.Com 251

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness in a couple minutes you should feel lots of debris begin to come off your skin, the rolls of fibers, the rice like hard white pods, the brown/red specs (which are inside those hard white pods) and who knows what else comes out. This will happen every time you use this bath soak for awhile! (You use this soak until all that stops!) Keep rubbing the Aveeno and skin until you cannot get any more debris to come out of your skin. Rinse wellit feels wonderful! You might use the Aveeno soap rub down several times until no more debris comes out of your skin. You will do the morning shower scrub after each full tub soak (which are to be done before going to bed). For those who do not have Morgellons and heavy involvement with the fibers you may ignore the part with the Aveeno scrub, but if you do it and do find that you do have fibers that you were not aware of then join the crowd and stay on the program until they are all gone. Here is a photo of what the debris might look like!

After the morning bath soaks I apply organic coconut oil to my body and it too is very healing and nourishing for the skin. You may get really tired as this is also happening on the inside! REST 252 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight please try to take time off work if you have had this condition for a long time you are going to need to give your body time to healso please rest. This is a safe therapy but that does not mean it is easy for your body to deal with. Imagine all the debris that has to be processed through the liver, kidneys and skin. Drink lots of water, the EVB will help you flush the kidneys. If you feel over loaded with toxins drink two quarts of the EVB water everyday. It flushes the toxins while providing proper energy to your cells. Second Body Soak: wait for 3 days and see how you feel. If you are very tired, and experience too much of a die off effect use another 2 ounces on the second body soak which will be on day 8. If you do not feel really tired and do not have adverse reaction on the third body soak on day 11 you should increase the amount of body soak to 4 ounces in the bath water. After your initial introduction use 8 ounces every 3 days until you are better. Some people will be done in a month but others may need to continue far longer. The longer you have been sick the longer it takes to get well. When the third bottle is gone do you still have fibers? If so you may need to remain on the same detox protocol for awhile longer. The goal is to not have any more fibers coming from your skin. Once you accomplish that you can switch to other protocols and come back to this one once in awhile but do not combine protocols. Study all the protocols that are offered and try ones that are specific to your illness. I recommend using the liver detoxification protocol next because all of these toxins have put such a strain on the liver. As a prevention you should use a body soak to remove toxins every couple weeks for the rest of your life. Everyone will benefit by removing toxins. Some special advice for those with advanced long term Morgellons, non-healing lesions. It is very helpful to use a concentrated amount of the body soak on your hands, face or feet or on a very difficult to heal areas of non-healing lesions. Here is what I did: I filled a glass bowl (no metal) with warm water which my hands could easily lay in and be covered with the water. To this bowl of warm water add about 1 ounce of the body soak. Allow your hands to lay in this for 30-45 minutes. You can do this to your face or other trouble spots in a hot pack style - wash cloth soaked in the solution and applied to face or anywhere that you have very deep nasty sores. Keep the cloth warm and let it lay on trouble spots for up to an hour at a time. A heating pad under JudithND.Com 253

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness your bowl helps keep the water warm while you work with the solution on your skin. Your feet are another common area of heavy infection, soak your feet in a warm water solution as above. Do your hands and face one evening and your feet the next, in between the full body bath soaks. Do these between bath applications as long as you have areas where there is a great deal of skin lesions. Once your hands/face/feet or another area has been wet with this water for at least 30 minutes or longer begin to massage the water solution around. Rub your finger tips around the cuticles, joints, between webs, all knuckles, rub your hands together vigorously. When I did this I had masses of debris come out of my handseven where I had no visible sores. If you have a thickened area of skin this disease is under that skinit will blister up and itch and come off. You will have scales come off your skin, you will have organisms come out of your scalp, you may need to peel them off. My eyebrow roots were heavily infected and this solution will bring it all to the surface. Your skin will flake off, the little specs will come out. After you use the solutions go to the bathroom and wash thoroughly with the Aveeno soap. Once it finally all gets out your skin, scalp and sores everything will heal nicely and it does not come backunless your bed, clothes and house are all re-infecting you. But you must work with the products and get the debris to release. It keeps coming out for quite some time. You will have them coming out of areas of your body that you did not know were infected. This is not only happening to your skin it is happening internally as well. You may feel very tired as your body begins to rebalance and clear out the foreign material. What else should you be doing? Try to avoid eating genetically modified foods. It is very hard because in the US they are in so many products. But do your best to avoid consuming them and eat organic food, fresh raw food is best. Find 100% Mangosteen Juice drink 2 ounces every morning. It is fine to mix it in with other quality juices, such as apple, grape, pomegranate etc How to disinfect your house: You may be tired but it is very important that you clean, clean and clean some more in your home. The clothes must be laundered after every use. Borax and detergent help to control this in laundry. OxyClean can be used instead of Borax or rotate between the two. Watch for the fiber formations on the sheets and if you cannot get it 254 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Eight under control you will have to toss them out and replace with new ones. You can use a lint roller to remove lots of the fibers but until you can get your body to stop producing the various types of debris it is next to impossible to get your house clear. It all works hand in hand, you keep fighting your internal disease at the same time as you fight to keep your surroundings clean. Eventually, you can win the battle. OxyClean on the carpets and upholstry will cause the stuff to roll up. Use a sponge and spray the OxyClean and then rub a sponge dampened with it and it rolls off most fabrics. Do this often to the furniture and carpets. If you have fungus or insects use the CedarCide product Best Yet, it really works well. Dr. John Martin does not feel the fibers themselves are contagious but the red/brown specs are (I know this as I have ithe does not!) They are seen all over the place too, they are in the pores of your skin and inside the white little rice like structures that live in your pores. I use an Ozone air purification unit in both the upstairs and downstairs areas of my house. Essential Oil diffused throughout your house can also kill most types of organisms. Lemongrass Essential Oil is a good one to diffuse. This book is not going to get into all the various ways to you can use essential oils to help you but I will be writing on my blog where you will learn a great deal more on how to heal naturally. This is just the first step to getting better. With a condition like Morgellons, Lyme and the other fiber related diseases it takes time to get the tissues to be free of the toxins and organisms that have set up their household inside you in the biofilm. It can be done, it does NOT require long term antibiotic use which will only harm you. With these products you will be strengthening your immune system and cells, not weaken them. The longer you have been ill, the longer it will take to get well but your body will heal if you follow the protocols and can find a way not to reinfect from your surroundings. It is a life changing process.

Detoxification with Far Infared Saunas vs DNR Inc. Bath Soaks

I had already purchased a FIR sauna before I learned about the DNR Energy and Detoxification products. However, now that I have learned about both I do not think it is necessary to purchase a sauna as long as you do the detoxification tub soaks. If you are ill with Morgellons and the other fiber diseases of the 21st century you should do the soaks every 3 days per JudithND.Com 255

Fibers Diseases - Public Awareness the above protocol and then once you are well you should do a soak every 10 to 14 days to be sure you are always pulling out all the toxins which we are constantly being exposed to. I already spent lots of money on all the other things trying to get well but believe me not one other product, device or protocol worked as well as the biofilm enzymes plus the body soak protocols. I did follow the exact protocols which the company suggested. They will help you pull out all the toxins, heavy metals, silicone, prescription drug residues, plastics etc... and then you will get better. Note: you may experience a healing crisis when you kill off the various pathogens. Stick with the program anyway! You have to get these materials out of you body and if that means some discomfort so be it. Rest, drink lots of water, rest some more, allow time to heal. I sincerely hope my story will help you find a way to live a better quality of life. These diseases are horrible and the conventional doctors have so little knowledge of how to diagnosis or treat toxic based illnesses. Please share this book freely with everyone you know because everyone needs to detoxify on a regular basis. If you can afford to make a contribution for this work I sure would appreciate it but I know that if you have been really sick, like I have, money is hard to come by. Get the products and get better. Then keep me in mind! I pray that you are able to get a quality life back again.

To Make a Voluntary Contribution please visit my site: Thank You Very Much I Sincerely Hope I Can Help You Feel Better Again.


Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Nine

Chapter Nine
Our Planet = Ourselves
We human beings all have something we shareour life ship called planet earth. In my 60 year lifetime I am ashamed to say we have allowed greedy industries to pollute our planet, perhaps to the point of no return. We live in a toxic soup, our air is polluted, our water is polluted, our soil is polluted and now our food is polluted. Our health is directly linked to the health of our planet. There is no place in the planet where pollution of all kinds does not affect the biosystem everywhere and thus affects everyone of us. The effects of pollution travels in water and air, there is no human or animal unaffected from this global threat to our existence. Please know that I do not believe in the same theories as some of the websites that I link to in the book believe. I do NOT believe this is a conspiracy, or that our goverrnment is out to kill us all offwell not intentionally at leasttheir lack of quick action on this is certainly questionable. What I do believe is that there has been a major mistake made by very educated people and the protectors of our health have failed to stop a release of these unidentified somethings and now our planet has FOREVER been changed. Whomever they are know what they have done and they are not coming forward due to their completely irresponsible actions. They are having an Oh my God, what are we going to do now moment. IF the protectors of our health had made all corporations abide by the precautionary principles before any changes could be made to our ecosystem we would not be in the mess we are now facingand in denial of. I do believe there is no turning back now and, sadly, we will have to live with this forever changed ecosystem which is so toxic it is killing off the people as well as all species. Corporate gains have been paid for with our health. We earthlings should be ashamed of ourselves for what we have done to this earth in the past 80 years. What point is progress if we are all sick or cannot survive what we have done to our planet? Only the people who learn how to detoxifiy will be able to reproducemark my words on this! 257

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

The World Resources Institute ( did extensive research into how pesticides impact our immune system. Their publication Pesticides And The Immune System: The Public Health Risks addressed the concerns. The publication copyright was 1996 which means that genetically engineered crops (which are themselves pesticides) were just beginning to come into heavy use. If you recall, in reading about genetically engineered crops, they had been developed intending to reduce the need for pesticides. But, what has actually occurred is that the bugs have developed a resistance to the glysophates and now even more superweeds and superbugs exist and the use of pesticides have significantly increased! Thus, our exposure to pesticides in the food supply and water is now considerably more than when the publication Pesticides And The Immune System: The Public Health Risks was under development. According to the research done by the World Resources Institute many pesticides have been reviewed for a range of acute and chronic toxicities, including possible risks of cancer and birth defects however they have not been reviewed in regulatory proceedings for potential toxicity to the immune system. Pesticides work by inhibiting the activity of cholinesterase an enzyme essential for normal neuro-muscular functioning. As exposure to pesticides increase, the cholinesterase activity decreases. We are all being exposed to pesticides because they have now polluted the entire planet. Persistent pesticides move through the air, soil and water, finding their way into living tissues where they can bio-accumulate up the food chain into human diets. Groups within the general population that can be exposed to high levels of bio-accumulated pesticides (agricultural workers having far greater exposure) include: habitual consumers of fish, meats and dairy products; fetuses and nursing infants whose mothers bodies have accumulated persistent pesticides; ( Jet fuel has now been found in all infant formulas in addition to pesticides) and sick people who metabolize pesticide bio-accumulated fatty tissues while ill. The exposure to pesticides and herbicides can be obtained during vector and weed control (spraying); environmental residues; and from consuming GM food according to Jeffery Smiths book Genetic Roulette. From soils, persistent pesticide residues can be taken up by plants (GM plants incorporate them right into the plant cells and we eat them) and then by herbivores. High levels of persistent pesticide contaminates have 258 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Nine been found in dairy products. The cows eat the contaminated grass, hay or grains and it then goes right into the milk which we consume. This affects the very young even more so than the adult population due to their low weight. Pesticides that are not bound in soils or taken up by plants and animals can drain into rivers and lakes and move into the aquatic food chain. Studies have shown that pesticide exposure significantly reduces resistance to bacterial, viral and parasitic infections and promotes tumor growth in many animal species. Their study of nearly every pesticide had a negative impact on the immune system. One study of people living in areas bordering sprayed cotton fields reported 51 percent increase in respiratory tract disorders and a 28 percent increase in gastrointestinal tract diseases. In the studies of immune system dysfunction it was found that thymus weight was lowered, spleen weight was lowered; B Cell Proliferative Response was lowered; T Cell Proliferative Response was lowered; Macrophage/Neutrophil/Natural Killer Cell Activity was lowered; Neutrophil Chemotaxis was lowered; leukocyte count was down; lymphocyte count was down; Secondary Antibody Response rate was lowered; Macrophage Phagocytosis was lowered; Host Resistance to Bacteria and Fungi was lower; Host Resistance to viruses, parasites, and tumors was lower. Harbor seals have suffered unusual die-offs from morbillivirus infections in the Baltic and North Seas in the last decade, with mortality rates reaching 60 percent in some areas. Researchers at the Netherlands National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection conducted a prospective immunologic study on harbor seals. Seal pups captured off the relatively unpolluted Northwest coast of Scotland were feed uncontaminated fish for a one-year acclimatization period in holding tanks. Then, the seals were put into two tanks; one group was fed herring taken from the polluted Baltic Sea, while the other group was fed herring from Iceland as a control. Herring from both sources were purchased directly from fish markets and were intended for human consumption. After an initial three-week period, during which the young seals refused to eat the contaminated diet, both groups gained weight at about the same pace. The dietary intake of pesticides and PCBs of seals fed Baltic fish was several-fold higher than that of controls, and led to a ten-fold higher concentration of organochlorines in their blubber. Both groups were tested at intervals for various immune system parameters. Seals that ate the organochllorinerich diet showed significantly reduced natural killer cell activity, reduced 259

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T-cell proliferative response, antibody response, and neutrophil levels. In all, the authors concluded that the seals fed the contaminated herring had immune responses three times weaker than those of the control group and increases in opportunistic infections indicative of this weakened immune response. Though the specific role of pesticides remains undefined, it was the first demonstration of immunosuppression in mammals as a result of exposure to environmental contaminates at ambient levels found in the environment. (Osterhaus, 1995) This experimental wildlife research provided substantial evidence that many pesticides are immunosuppressive. Although many health regulations have been based on such evidence alone, additional evidence from epidemiological studies of human populations also points toward the same conclusion. Studies of adult population also demonstrated the immune parameters changed significantly with increased pesticide exposure. Among occupationally exposed farmers in particular, researchers found elevated rates of infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, female genital tract and respiratory tract. Our chronic illnesses are directly related to our continual exposure of toxins from our planet, air, water, and food supply. To get well you must do everything in your power to make substantial changes in what you consume and take action demanding sustainable agriculture and industrial practices. If you do not regularly detoxify yourselves and your loved ones you will likely become ill from one disease or another. Genetically modified plants are created so that glyphosate (weed killer) can be sprayed on a field of crops and the GE crop lives but the weeds die. Glyphosate residues in food will increase as more and more GE foods reach the markets. Glyphosate accumulates in bone and other internal organswhat will this mean over a lifetime? And, what effect does it have when combined with all the other thousands of toxins we are eating, drinking, breathing everyday? Something certainly has gone wrong considering my illness and the rapidly accelerating chronic illnesse in the past 10 years. We cannot deny that there is a major bio-adverse situation that is causing people to develop more chronic illnesses than at any point in our past. Our immune systems are not programmed to even recognize the new types of foreign invaders that it is now encountering daily. 260 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Nine

Effects of glyphosate in our body virtually an unknown

Glyphosate accumulates in the following body tissue: Bone: this is a living tissue that is constantly broken down and reassembled, especially during growth and healing of broken bones. Its major constituent is calcium phosphate. In the plant world glyphosate acts as a fake phosphate. It may well act in a similar way in bone tissue and interfere in normal bone formation. Could any build-up in glyphosate cause weaker bones? Could it contribute to bone deformities? Could it slow down the healing of broken bones? And could it cause more brittle bones in old age? No one really knows. Bone marrow: here blood bodies are produced. How glyphosate influence these processes is anyones guess. Could it lead to lower output of red blood bodies? In other words could it contribute to anaemia? And what about the many kinds of white blood bodies? Could glyphosate moving continuously through bone marrow on its way to being fixed in bone tissue lead to an impaired immune system? Or worse even, could it contribute to leukemia ? No one really knows. Spleen: this is another point where the immune system could be weakened by glyphosate build-up. Stomach: if lining the stomach wall with glyphosate would hamper stomach acid production, then this could spell troubles for digestive processes. Or, could glyphosate contribute to stomach ulcers through increased acid production? No one really knows. Liver: here many functions are performed. One of them is detoxification. Given the glyphosate sinks in the body, this detoxification process is not very effective for glyphosate. A build-up of glyphosate would very likely impair liver functioning. Could glyphosate contribute to liver cancer? No one really knows. Pancreas: here digestive enzymes are secreted. If membranes become plastered with glyphosate, would this hamper the amount of enzymes secreted? Could this result in digestive problems? Also, the pancreas is where insulin is produced. Could insulin production be hampered by glyphosate build-up and contribute to diabetes? No one really knows. 261

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Colon: this is the place where water is resorbed from the gut. It prevents water loss from the body. Often toxins are moved back into the body if the contents remains too long inside the colon. So, regular elimination is important. If glyphosate starts to build up in the colon wall, could this hamper the water resorption? Could this mean in later life chronic diarrhea and too much water loss? Could glyphosate build-up contribute to colon cancer? No one really knows. Kidneys: they filter blood and through resorption urine is separated from the blood. The kidneys are structured as a bundle of very fine tubes. Within these tubes filtration and resorption take place at different locations. It seems obvious that any glyphosate coating of those tubes will hamper the filtration and resorption processes. In other words it will lead to an impairment of the kidneys. How will ongoing impairment of the kidneys work out over a life time? No one really knows.

We are all human test subjects in a very uncontrolled trial.

Some concerned scientists fear that our soils may become so toxic in another 20-30 years as a result of all the applied chemicals that nothing at all will grow. The countries who are smart enough to ban the use of genetically engineered seeds and glyphosate will have soils to grow food but due to the U.S. ignorance our land will lay bare. Then what?

Oblivious to Oblivion
As humans we prefer to deny a serious situation and remain happily oblivious of our dire situation. Just as in the financial downturn upon us, the warnings from the educated went unheeded. The regulations were lifted to help industry and the public is left to pick up the pieces after the greedy corporate CEOs take their profits and run. The main concern is to keep the economy strong but what happens when the soil and water become so contaminated that it can no longer support lifewe are headed to that end. Until then continued decline in our health comes with a cost more than our economy can afford and yet our present medical system is geared to treat rather than prevent disease. Our health is directly declining as our planet continues to become more and more toxic. We are all one with nature. Again I say, the farmers are more important for keeping us healthy than the physicians. YOU must make choices for yourself and your loved ones to support a 262 Judith Knilans, ND, PhD

Chapter Nine sustainable future. The long term future cannot be our present agricultural system, nor our present medical and insurance system. The present systems are harmful to our health, to our planet and to our very existence. We have to learn to produce and consume only top quality food and reject food and products produced in a non-sustainable manner. It is your pocketbook that will force these changes. It has recently been stated that Morgellons may be the first illness that can be linked to genetically engineered food. I will agree that it may be the first disease where organisms that have had their DNA tampered with are now reproducing in the human body. I believe that many diseases have an underlying cause that links to the accumulation of the toxic chemicals in our bodily tissues. Now we can add the GM foods, perhaps nano particles to the long list of assaults to our body. The bottomline is our bodies cannot tolerate anymore toxins. We have reached the breaking point. What can you do? You must make a consumers informed choice to avoid purchasing foods that have been produced in this manner. You need to avoid all the toxic cleaning products, make-up, and other body lotions. Only use natural products that are not filled with chemical additives. Eat meat raised organically and from local producers. Make sure your hamburger came from one cow and one ranch where they grow cattle the old fashioned wayon grasslands not in feedlots. You must also incorporate a detoxification process into your life on a regular basis to pull the toxins out of your tissues. You may be able to recover from many chronic illnesses once you follow the type of detoxification protocols that I have outlined on my website: Rachael Carson, author of Silent Spring, was fighting breast cancer when she wrote her warning book that brought attention to the harmful effects of DDT and many of the toxins affecting the planet. She lost her battle but her efforts are still being shared through her book. It is my sincere hope that this book will be shared throughout the world even after my passing so that others wake up and realize that we did not heed the words of Silent Spring as much as we should have. Shame on us!

A Great physician and philosopher Albert Schweitzer said

Man has lost the capacity to foresee and to forestall. He will end by destroying the earth 263

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Resource Links
Main website for e-book, additional information, updates and blog Additional information on DNR Inc. protocols for detoxification Link to DNR Inc. Site Use this link and you will recieve a 20% discount on all their listed retail prices: ATTENTION: To all integrative physicians, natural healing practioners, toxicologists and health stores please allow me to introduce you to the use of these highly effective toxin release products. They are safe for all ages and everyone needs to learn how to detoxify in the world we now are living in. Please contact me via e-mail at and I will send you the information you need to begin helping your clients get well. I am also available for speaking events, public radio talk shows, TV interviews and any public awareness event where physicians, naturopaths and the public interests may be served. Professionals need to learn about this as well as the general public. Link to site that offers the suggested biofilm and gel break down product called Blockbuster All Clear Follow this organiation to know more about GMO and sustainability The Institute of Science in Society website: Follow the work of Jeffery Smith on genetically engineered seeds and learn about what foods to avoid here as well: Link to Morgellons Research Foundation SUNY Research: Oklahoma State University Morgellons Research - Randy Wymore Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

Resources Link to site affiliated with Hildegarde Staninger PhD (toxicology) Link to Patricia Springstead Morgellons Information and Products BE SURE TO LISTEN TO HER COAST TO COAST AUDIO CLIP This RN has a very good understanding of what this condition is about. Other sites that support Dr. Staningers work are:

Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Chapter 3 Making the Connection to Genetically Modified Organisms
1. CDC to launch study on unexplained illness 16 January 2008, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2. Unexplained Dermopahty (aka Morgellons), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 17 January 2008, 3. Morgellons Research Foundation, 12 April 2008, 4. Koblenzer CS. The challenge of Morgellons disease. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006, 55, 920-22. 5. Mysterious Morgellons disease prompts US investigation, Ema Marris, News, Nature 2006, 12, 982. 6. Savely VR, Leitao MM and Stricker RB. The mystery of Morgellons Disease, infection or delusion? Am J Clin Dermatol 2006, 7(1), 1-5. 7. Accordino RE, Engler D, Ginsburg IH and Koos J. Morgellons disease? Dermatolog Therapy 2008, 21, 8-12. 8. Stricker RB, Savely VR, Zaltsman A and Citovsky V. Contribution of Agrobacterium to Morgellons Disease. 14 January 2007, SUNY Findings. 9. Research brings hope to Morgellons patients Ginger Allen, CBS News 31 March 2008, 10. Kunik T, Tzfira T, Kapulnik Y, Gafni Y, Dingwall C, and Citovsky V. Genetic transformation of HeLa cells by Agrobacterium. PNAS USA 2001, 98, 187187. 11. Cummins J. Common plant vector injects genes into human cells. ISIS News #11/12, October 2001, 12. Zaene I, Van Larebeke N, Teuchy H, Van Montagu M, and Shcell J. Supercoiled circular DNA in crown gall inducing Agrobacterium strains. J Mol Biol 1973, 86, 109-27. 13. Lee L-Y and Gelvin SB. T-DNA binary vectors and systems. Plant Physiology 2008, 146, 325-32. 14. Soltani J, van Heusden PH and Hooykaas PJJ. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of non-plant organisms. In Agrobacterium: From Biology to Biotechnology (Tzfira T and Citovsky V eds.), pp. 649-74, Springer, New York, 2008. 15. Windels P, De Buck S and Depicker A. Agrobacterium tumefaciensmediated transformation: pattern of T-DNA integration into the host

genome. In Agrobacterium: From Biology to Biotechnology (Tzfira T and Citovsky V eds.), pp. 441-81, Springer, New York, 2008. 16. Ho MW, Traavik T, Olsvik O, Tappeser B, Howard CV, von Weizsacker C

Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

and McGavin GC. Gene technology and gene ecology of infectious diseases. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 1998, 10, 33-59. 17. Barrett C, Cobb E, McNicol R and Lyon G. A risk assessment study of plant genetic transformation using Agrobacterium and implications for analysis of Agrobacterium and Morgellons Disease, A GM Connection? Page 8 of 9 18/10/2008 transgenic plants. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture1997, 47, 135-144. 18. Mogilner N, Zutra D Gafny R and Bar-Joseph M. the persistence of engineered Agrobacterium tumefaciens in agroinfected plants. Molecular Plant Microbe Interactions 1993, 6(50), 673-5. 19. Ho MW and Cummins J. Horizontal gene transfer from GMOs does happen. Science in Society 38 (to appear). 20. Ho MW. Living with the Fluid Genome, ISIS and TWN, London & Penang, 2003. 21. Ho MW and Lim LC. The Case for a GM-Free Sustainable World, Independent Science Panel Report, Institute of Science in Society and Third World Network, London and Penang, 2003; republished GM-Free, Exposing the Hazards of Biotechnology to Ensure the Integrity of Our Food Supply, Vitalhealth Publishing, Ridgefield, Ct., 2004 (both available from ISIS online bookstore 22. Ferguson G and Heinemann J. Recent history of trans-kingdom conjugation.
In Horizontal Gene Transfer 2nd ed (Syvanen M and Kado Cl. Eds.), Academic Press, San Diego, 2002.

Chapter 4 GMO Conference

1. Conference 2009, 2. Ho MW. Europe firms up against GMOs and patents on life. Science in Society 43 (to appear). 3. Monsanto sues Germany over GM corn ban, DW-World.DE, 22 April 2009, http://,,4196705,00.html?maca=en-rss-en-all-1573-rdf 4. Ho MW. Pusztai publishes amidst fresh storm of attack. i-sis news3 , December 1999. 5. Ho MW. The Golden Rice scandal unfolds. Science in Society 42 (in press). 6. Ho MW. Golden Rice & hazards of GMOs. ISIS lecture, Workshop on health and environmental impacts of GMOs. 5 th European Conference on GM Free Regions, Food & Democracy, KKL, Lucerne, Switzerland, 25 April 2009. 7. Ho MW and Cherry B. Death by multiple poisoning, glyphosate and Roundup. Science in Society 42 (in press). 8. Ho MW. GM maize MON 863 toxic. Science in Society 34 , 26, 2007. 9. Burcher S. Who owns life, not Monsanto? Science in Society 42 (in press). 10. Ho MW. GM-free organic agriculture to feed the world. Science in Society 38 , 14-15, 2008. 11. List of GMO-Free Regions, 1 May 2009,


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness Chapter Six What Do We Feed to Food-Production Animals?
AAFCO. 2004. Official Publication. Oxford, IN:Association of American Feed Control Officials. Aarestrup FM, Agerso Y, Gerner-Smidt P, Madsen M, Jensen LB. 2000. Comparison of antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and resistance genes in Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium from humans in the community, broilers, and pigs in Denmark. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 37:127137. Angulo FJ. 2004. Bacterial contamination of animal feed and its relationship to human foodborne illness. In: Human Health Safety of Animal Feeds Workshop, 23 January 2004, Atlanta, Georgia. Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Controland Prevention. Available: animalfeeds.htm [accessed 18 September 2006]. Arai Y, Lanzirotti A, Sutton S, Davis JA, Sparks DL. 2003. Arsenic speciation and reactivity in poultry litter. Environ Sci Tech 15:40834090. Bager F, Madsen M, Christensen J, Aarestrup FM. 1997. Avoparcin used as a growth promoter is associated with the occurrence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium on Danish poultry and pig farms. Prev Vet Med 31:95112. Bednar AJ, Garbarino JR, Ferrer I, Rutherford DW, Wershaw RL, Ranville JF, et al. 2003. Photodegradation of roxarsone in poultry litter leachates. Sci Total Environ 302:237245. Bhat RV, Vasanthi S. 1999. Mycotoxin Contamination of Foods and Feeds. MYCCONF/99/4a. Third Joint FAO/WHO/UNEP International Conference on Mycotoxins, 36 March 1999, Tunis, Tunisia. Tunis, Tunisia:Food and Agriculture Organization, World Health Organization and United Nations Environment Programme. Capucille DJ, Poore MH, Rogers GM. 2004. Growing and finishing performance of steers when fed recycled poultry bedding during the growing period. J Anim Sci 82:30383048. CDC. 2005. Questions and Answers Regarding Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD). Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available: http://www. [accessed 24 February 2006]. Chapin A, Rule A, Gibson K, Buckley T, Schwab K. 2005. Airborne multidrug-resistant bacteria isolated from a concentrated swine feeding operation. Environ Health Perspect 113:137142. Chapman HD, Johnson ZB. 2002. Use of antibiotics and roxarsone in broiler chickens in the USA: analysis for the years 1995 to 2000. Poult Sci 81:356 364. Chee-Sanford JC, Aminov RI, Krapac IJ, Garrigues-Jeanjean N, Mackie RI. 2001. Occurrence and diversity of tetracycline resistance genes in lagoons and groundwater underlying two swine production facilities. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:14941502. Clark GM, Kaufmann AF, Gangarosa EJ, Thompson MA. 1973. Epidemiology of an international outbreak of Salmonella Agona. Lancet 302:490493. Cleveland TE, Dowd PF, Desjardins AE, Bhatnagar D, Cotty PJ. 2003. United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service research on pre-harvest prevention of mycotoxins and mycotoxigenic fungi in US crops. Pest Manag Sci 59:629642. Collinge J. 1999. Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Lancet 354:317323. Coma J. 2003. Salmonella control in pork: effect of animal nutrition and feeding. Pig News Info 24:49N62N. Crump JA, Griffin PM, Angulo FJ. 2002. Bacterial contamination of animal feed and its Judith Knilans, ND., PhD. relationship to human foodborne illness. Clin Infect Dis 35:859865.

Dargatz DA, Strohmeyer RA, Morley PS, Hyatt DR, Salman MD. 2005. Characterization of Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica from cattle feed ingredients. Foodborne Pathog Dis 2:341347. Davis MA, Hancock DD, Rice DH, Call DR, DiGiacomo R, Samadpour M, et al. 2003. Feedstuffs as a vehicle of cattle exposure to Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica. Vet Microbiol 95:199210. Desyls JP, Grassi J. 2005. Screening tests for animal TSE: present and future. Pathol Biol (Paris) 53:221228. Dubberly D. 2003. Substances Prohibited from Use in Animal Food or Feed; Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed. Docket: 02N-0273, Comment no.: EC -31. Washington, DC:U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Available: http:// [accessed 5 January 2006]. Easton MDL, Luszniak D, Von der Geest E. 2002. Preliminary examination of contaminant loadings in farmed salmon, wild salmon and commercial salmon feed. Chemosphere 46:10531074. Edwards PR, Bruner DW, Moran AB. 1948. The genus Salmonella: its occurrence and distribution in the United States. Ky Agric Exp Stn Bull 525:160. Eljarrat E, Caixach J, Rivera J. 2002. Determination of PCDDs and PCDFs in different animal feed ingredients. Chemosphere 46:14031407. Erf O. 1907. The Hens Place on the Farm. Manhattan, KS:Kansas State Agricultural College, Agricultural Experiment Station. Available: Pubs/SB150.PDF [accessed 22 March 2007]. FDA. 1997. FDA Requests that Ball Clay Not Be Used in Animal Feeds. Rockville, MD:U.S. FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine. Available: [accessed 23 January 2006]. FDA. 1998. Information for Consumers: The Use of Recycled Animal Waste in Animal Feed. Rockville, MD:U.S. FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine. FDA. 2001. Guidance for Industry: Fumonisin Levels in Human Foods and Animal Feeds. Washington, DC:U.S. FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition and Center for Veterinary Medicine. Available: http://www.cfsan.fda. gov/~dms/fumongu2.html [accessed 18 January 2006]. FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2004. FDA Approved Animal Drug Products (Green Book). Blacksburg, VA:Drug Information Laboratory, Virginia/Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine. Feedstuffs. 2005. Feed marketing and distribution. Feedstuffs 77:4. Fries GF. 1995. A review of the significance of animal food products as potential pathways of human exposures to dioxins. J Anim Sci 73:16391650. GAO. 2000. Food Safety: Controls Can Be Strengthened to Reduce the Risk of Disease Linked to Unsafe Animal Feed. GAO/RCED-00-255. Washington, DC:General Accounting Office. Available: [accessed 3 January 2006]. GAO. 2002. Mad Cow Disease: Improvements in the Animal Feed Ban and Other Regulatory Areas Would Strengthen U.S. Prevention Efforts. GAO-02-183. Washington, DC:General Accounting Office. Available: [accessed 22 March 2007]. Garbarino JR, Bednar AJ, Rutherford DW, Beyer RS,Wershaw RL. 2003. EnvironJudithND.Com mental fate of roxarsone in poultry litter. I. Degradation of roxarsone during composting.

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Environ Sci Technol 37:15091514. Gatlin LA, See MT, Hansen JA, Odle J. 2003. Hydrogenated dietary fat improves pork quality of pigs from two lean genotypes. J Anim Sci 81:19891997. Ghidini S, Zanardi E, Battaglia A, Varisco G, Ferretti E, Campanini G, et al. 2005. Comparison of contaminant and residue levels in organic and conventional milk and meat products from northern Italy. Food Addit Contam 22:914. Gibbs SG, Green CF, Tarwater PM, Mota LC, Mena KD Scarpino PV. 2006. Isolation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from the air plume downwind of a swine confined or concentrated animal feeding operation. Environ Health Perspect 114:10321037. Gill C. 2004. Top ten feed makers worldwide. Feed Manag 55:3840. Gizzi G, van Raamsdonk LW, Baeten V, Murray I, Berben G, Brambilla G, et al. 2003. An overview of tests for animal tissues in feeds applied in response to public health concerns regarding bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Rev Sci Tech 22:311331. Gorbach SL. 2001. Antimicrobial use in animal feedtime to stop. N Engl J Med 345:12021203. Guillamont EM, Lino CM, Baeta ML, Pena AS, Silveira MI, Vinuesa JM. 2005. A comparative study of extraction apparatus in HPLC analysis of ochratoxin A in muscle. Anal Bioanal Chem 383:570575. Haapapuro ER, Barnard ND, Simon M. 1997. Reviewanimal waste used as livestock feed: dangers to human health. Prev Med 26:599602. Hayes JR, English LL, Carter PJ, Proescholdt T, Lee KY, Wagner DD, et al. 2003. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of enterococcus species isolated from retail meats. Appl Environ Microbiol 69:71537160. Hayward DG, Nortrup D, Gardner A, Clower M Jr. 1999. Elevated TCDD in chicken eggs and farm-raised catfish fed a diet with ball clay from a Southern United States mine. Environ Res 81:248256. Hinton MH. 2000. Infections and intoxications associated with animal feed and forage which may present a hazard to human health. Vet J 159:124138. Hites RA, Foran JA, Schwager SJ, Knuth BA, Hamilton MC, Carpenter DO. 2004. Global assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in farmed and wild salmon. Environ Sci Technol 38:49454999. Hofacre CL, White DG, Maurer JJ, Morales C, Lobsinger C, Hudson C. 2001. Characterization of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in rendered animal products. Avian Dis 45:953961. Hollinger K, Ekperigin HE. 1999. Mycotoxicosis in food producing animals. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 15:133165. Hussein HS, Brasel JM. 2001. Toxicity, metabolism, and impact of mycotoxins on humans and animals. Toxicology 167:101134. Huwe JK, Larsen GL. 2005. Polychlorinated dioxins, furans and biphenyls, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in a U.S. meat market basket and estimates of dietary intake. Environ Sci Technol 39:56065611. IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 1993. Some Naturally Occurring Substances: Food Items and Constituents, Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines and Mycotoxins. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risk Hum 56:1599. IARC. 1997. Polychlorinated Dibenzo-para-Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risk Hum 69:1631. Institute of Medicine. 2003. Committee on the Implications of Dioxin in the Food Supply. Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds in the Food Supply: Strategies to Decrease Exposure. Washington, DC:National Academies Press. International Trade Centre. 2004. International Trade Statistics: Exports 20002004, Product Group: 081 - Animal Feed EX UNML CER. Geneva:United NationsND., PhD. Judith Knilans, Conference

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Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

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Judith Knilans, ND., PhD.

The Belgian PCB and dioxin incident of JanuaryJune 1999: exposure data and potential impacton health. Environ Health Perspect 109:265273. Wegener HC. 2003. Antibiotics in animal feed and their role in resistance development. Curr Opin Microbiol 6:439445. White DG, Zhao S, Sudler R, Ayers S, Friedman S, Chen S, et al. 2001. The isolation of antibiotic-resistant salmonella from retail ground meats. N Engl J Med 345:1147 1154. WHO (World Health Organization). 1983. Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants. Twenty-Seventh Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. WHO Tech Rep Ser 696:142. WHO. 1999. Dioxins and Their Effects on Human Health.: Fact Sheet 225. Geneva:World Health Organization. Available: [accessed 27 February 2006]. WHO. 2001. Arsenic in Drinking Water. Fact sheet 210. Geneva:World Health Organization. Available: [accessed 9 June 2006]. Zaghini A, Martelli G, Roncada P, Simioli M, Rizzi L. 2005.Mannanoligosaccharides and aflatoxin B1 in feed for laying hens: effects on egg quality, aflatoxins B1 and M1 residues in eggs, and aflatoxin B1 levels in liver. Poult Sci 84:825832. Sapkota et al. 670 VOLUME


Fiber Diseases - Public Awareness

Information Everyone Must Know the sooner the better!
Take a very personal journey with a woman who has the fiber disease also referred to as Morgellons. Learn why it is so vital to learn what this book reveals and why there are such increased numbers of chronic illnesses. 99% of the physicians are not acknowledging this is real! The toxic cesspool we have created and live in is causing many chronic illnesses, learn what steps you can take to avoid this condition. Learn What You Should Do to Prevent This Horrid Condition From Becoming a Reality In Your Family Learn What You Should Do To Get Better If You Already Have a Fiber Disease Learn How You can Identify it
Author: Judith Knilans, ND., PhD. (Natural Health Sciences) Judith tells her very personal horror story of her initial development of the fiber disease. She shares the frustration of not finding any help from conventional medical doctors. Her continued search for answers lead her to the discovery of natural healing and detoxification products that pull out toxic substances. It is then the body can begin to heal. See the images of the organisms that form from the gel fluid that forms in the bodily tissues. Silently this invasion continues to affect thousands of unsuspecting people. Learn about it! Learn what you can do to stop it before it gets so bad.

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