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A Bibliography of Publications on Computer-Based Spelling Error Detection and Correction

Nelson H. F. Beebe University of Utah Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB 155 S 1400 E RM 233 Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090 USA

Tel: +1 801 581 5254 FAX: +1 801 581 4148

E-mail: beebe@math.utah.edu, beebe@acm.org, beebe@computer.org (Internet) WWW URL: http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/

23 March 2007 Version 2.05

Title word cross-reference

n [Wag74].

- [Wil94]. -gram [Ull76].

/ [IEE87a]. /usr/group [USE82].

12th [Ano92a]. 14th [Pre91]. 15th [Ano92b]. 16th [Hes90]. 17th [RW92]. 17th-century [RW92]. 1880-1920 [Car93]. 1982 [Mor82]. 19th [RAR94].

21st [RAR94]. 2D [Lav93]. 2nd [IEE90].

3rd [LT81].

6th [Ano93b].

80 [Hus81]. 80’S [Hus81]. ’81 [BS + 81]. ’87 [IEE87b].

’91 [ASP91]. ’92 [BIP92]. ’93 [Ano93b]. ’93-Nagoya [IEE93a]. ’94 [BJ94]. 9th [Ano93a].

Abbreviations [EP82]. accept [IN94]. access [Mil95]. Accuracy [LMPK92]. achievement [AB84]. achieving [TWT84]. ACM [ACM81]. Acquired [CMVR87]. Actes [ACM88]. Actes/Proceedings [ACM88]. Actuated [Can81]. Adaptation [Bey88]. Add [MM92]. Add-A-Word [MM92]. Advanced [Ano93c]. Advances [O’S84].

1

2

Advertisement [Ano85b]. affected [BH92]. affix [BH92]. agents [Fou94]. Agglutinative [Ofl92]. AI [Rob86]. Aid [GMW75]. aided [HRLJ93]. Aids [Che81]. Airline [Dav62]. Airport [IEE90]. algorithm [KW81]. Algorithms [AFCB94]. almost [Tay86]. alternative [Ano91]. Alternatives [Car93]. Analysis [Sid79]. analytic [BCK85]. Anticipation [MPG + 92]. any [KPB87a]. Application [IK83]. applications [Pel83]. approach [Pel83]. approximate [DC94]. April [Ano93b]. Arabic [BH92]. architectures [DGK + 90]. Arizona [CBC84]. array [Lav93]. Articles [NCNS82]. artificial [IYME93]. ASIC [IEE92a]. ASMC [Ano93c]. Assistance [FZ88]. assisted [TWT84]. associative [CVB90]. AT&T [AT&T86]. Atlanta [ASP91]. attitude [AB84]. Augmented [Hus81]. August [Ano92b]. Authoring [Hur87]. authorship [Smi83]. AutoCAD [Yar95]. automata [LK93]. automated [EP82]. automatic [Ull76]. Automatically [Kuk92b]. Automation [BDT94]. Avignon [Ano92a]. Aviv [BS + 81].

Back [Kuk88]. Back-propagation [Kuk88]. backtracking [KC94]. Base [Zam80]. based [Tur81]. Baseforms [LM84]. Bases [Bou77]. Basic [Thi82]. Basque [CA89]. best [JVFM95]. better [SW93]. Between [Chi84]. Beyond [Dun81]. Bibliographic [Bou77]. Bibliography [Pol82]. binary [Ull76]. biomedicales [IEE87b]. Blind [NH84]. board [CT92]. Bratislava [SD94]. Bucharest [Ano93a]. Bucket [CS82]. Buffer [CMVR87]. Bug [Rob86]. Builder [Fly88]. Bulgaria [Boy85].

CA [ACM83]. CALICO [BJ94]. California [CB87]. Cannes [ACM88].

Capabilities [Ber86b]. Carolina [BS83]. case [FW82]. Cedar [Tei84]. Center [ACM89]. Century [Edm82]. Changes [LMPK92]. channel [Dol88a]. Character [TST93]. Characterization [PZ83]. characters [KPB87a]. Check [Ano85a]. checker [Bom82]. Checkers [Ros82, HP88]. Checking [Tur81]. Checks [WS94]. Chinese [Cha94]. chip [Lav92]. City [Pre91]. class [Pel83]. Classic [RB05]. Classification [Pai81]. Clause [Ber86b]. clerical [PM87]. Cn [Mea87]. CNIT [IEE92a]. co-sponsorship [Law85]. COBOL [VD84]. Code [MF82a]. Cognitive [PMC85]. COLING [Ano92b]. COLING-92 [Ano92b]. Collection [PZ83]. Collegiate [Pet82]. Colorado [SK83]. Command [Ebi92]. Commercial [CR95]. Commission [Law85]. Commonwealth [ACM89]. Communication [GT84]. Communities [Law85]. Comparison [MM92]. completion [TST93]. Components [BKP86]. Compound [Ros82]. compressed [Mil95]. compression [Coo05]. Compu [MM92]. computable [EH88]. Computation [MV93]. Computational [Ams86]. computer [Dam64]. computer-aided [HRLJ93]. computer-assisted [TWT84]. computer-based [Tur81]. computer-managed [TG83]. Computer-Tutor [Ter81]. Computerized [Hei72]. Computers [Rad83]. Computr [Mea87]. Concurrent [Ano86a]. conferences [IEE87b]. Congres [INN90]. Congress [CC89]. conjugation [Bos94]. connaissance [EBR87]. connectionistic [DGK + 90].

3

Consistency [LMPK92]. Consortium [BJ94]. constraints [Sen93]. Construct [Pet82]. Consultants [Chi84]. consumers [Pre92]. containing [OL95]. Context [MDM91]. continuously [JVFM95]. Contributed [CC89]. Convention [ACM89]. Conventional [CVB90]. conversion [Bes94]. Copenhagen [BIP92]. corpus [WWSG94]. correcting [Bla60]. correction [Dam64]. corrector [YF83a]. correctors [Mit87b]. Corrects [AHZ81]. Correspondences [HHHR66]. cost [TG83]. Could [Edm82]. courseware [DR94]. Cues [HHHR66]. CUG248 [Art89]. CUG360 [McC92]. CUG374 [Law92].

Data [Bou77]. Databases [PZ82]. datasets [Mil95]. deaf [Kuk92a]. December [ACM83]. decoding [Dol88a]. decryption [Che87]. deletion [Ull76]. Denmark [BIP92]. Depth [Boy85]. Design [FW82]. designing [DC94]. Detecting [WMRB77]. detection [Dam64, EBR87]. Determination [LM84]. Deutsche [BN85]. Development [McI82]. Device [Gri83]. diagnosis [Bos94]. dialect [Sla87]. Dictionaries [Ano86c]. Dictionary [SM80]. DIDAC [DR94]. Diego [ACM83]. Digital [Gri83]. d’ing´enieire [EBR87]. Directions [BS82]. Disambiguation [TV94]. disk [Arn83]. Display [Thi82]. distance [EH88]. distances [VMA95]. Districts [Car93]. diverse [SHC83]. do [Dit87]. docile [Fou94]. document [KL82]. documents [Ber87]. Does [JS91]. domain [SKS96]. Domains [SPR90]. d’orthographe [EBR87]. Dulles [IEE90]. during [FS92]. Dutch [Bos94]. Dynamic [Ano85a]. Dysgraphia [CMVR87].

Dyslexia [PMC85]. dyslexic [LBW92].

EACL [Ano93b]. East [CB87]. Easy [Rob86]. ECAI [O’S84]. ECAI-84 [O’S84]. Ecrire [GT84]. Edit [Ano86a]. editing [FQA89]. Editor [Dun81]. Editors [Thi82]. effect [AB84]. Efficient [Gon83]. Eighth [ACM85]. Electric [Rob83]. Electronic [GMW75]. Electrotechnical [BS + 81]. Electrotechnology [BS + 81]. Embedded [Hes90]. Empirical [VD84]. engineers [Wei82]. English [CS82, EBR87]. Entry [Gri83]. Enumeration [Car93]. Environment [MF82b]. Environmental [SD94]. equipment [Mit85]. erreurs [EBR87]. Error [Pai81]. errors [Bla60]. Essential [SM80]. Euro [IEE92a]. Evaluation [TL82]. Evidence [CMVR87]. Example [EBR87]. exemple [EBR87]. Experiment [Hua87]. Expert [BA88]. Exploration [LMPK92]. Exploring [GF87]. Extending [Ber86b].

Factor [BJ94]. Factory [Ano93c]. Fast [CS82]. Fault [Sch94]. Fault-tolerant [Sch94]. Faulty [MF82b]. features [VD84]. February [ACM89]. Fifteenth [BIP92]. File [IK83]. Filter [Urq84]. filtering [Cav94]. Finding [ZD95]. Finds [Pro95]. finite [LK93]. First [AHZ81]. Flags [Mac87]. font [KPB87a]. Foolproof [WS94]. foreign [Gor85]. foreign-language [Gor85]. formatter [MM93]. forming [BDT94]. forms [RW92]. FORTH [Hes90]. FORTRAN [Hei72]. Fourth [Bic87]. Fourth-Generation [Bic87]. framework [Ber87]. Fran¸caise [GT84]. France [IEE86, ACM88]. French [Bey88]. Frequency [Bou77]. Fully [Ano86b].

4

Function [GHU84]. Further [LMPK92]. future [Yar95]. Fuzzy [IYME93]. Fuzzyness [Sch75].

Geller [Ang90]. Genealogy [Car93]. generalized [OL95]. Generalizing [SKS96]. Generated [Chi84]. Generation [Ano86b]. Georgia [ASP91]. German [KW81]. GIS [ASP91]. GIS-LIS [ASP91]. Glove [Gri83]. grade [AB84]. graders [TWT84]. gram [Ull76]. grammar [HP88]. grammars [JVFM95]. Grapheme [HHHR66]. grapheme-to-phoneme [Bes94]. Graphemic [CMVR87]. Greek [VTTC94]. guide [Pfa86]. Guild [Law85].

handbook [Stu82]. Handicapped [Ter81]. handwritten [SKS96]. Harbor [CB87]. Hash [CS82]. Hash-Bucket [CS82]. Hashing [Flo87]. Having [Ano86a]. Hebrew [Sch82]. held [CC89]. Herndon [IEE90]. Heuristic [Coo05]. Heuristical [Bes94]. Hidden [DS94]. Hierarchical [IK83]. High [TTK86]. High-Performance [Flo87]. Hindi [SS84]. historical [RW92]. history [FW82]. Honour [BRSS94]. Horn [Ber86b]. Hotel [ACM83, ACM88]. Houston [Mor82]. human [LM87]. human-computer [LM87]. Humanities [BS83]. Hyatt [IEE90]. Hypercard [Fly88]. Hyphenation [Pet82].

IBM [Mit85]. Icon [Fly88]. ICSLP [Ano94b]. Identification [JS91]. IEEE/SEMI [Ano93c]. IFIP [LT81]. IJCNN [IEE92b]. IJCNN-91-Seattle [IEE92b]. Impact [Bou77]. Implementation [Mil90]. implications [Yan91]. improve [TWT84]. Improvement [HHHR66]. Improving [Fur90]. In-Depth [Boy85]. Includes [Fly88]. incorporate [SKS96]. Incorporating [Par83].

Independent [CFGJ91]. Indian [SC96]. Inductive [WL84]. inflection [CA89]. Informational [Wil82]. Inforum [ASP91]. INNC [INN90]. insertion [Ull76]. instruction [TWT84]. Instrument [TL82]. Integrated [Ano92c]. Integrating [SHC83]. Integration [Dal87]. Intelligent [AHZ81]. interaction [LM87]. Interactive [Rad83]. Interactively [FQA89]. Interface [Gri83]. Interfaces [DLS83]. introduction [Gor85]. investigation [VD84]. Invited [CC89]. IPCC [IEE87a]. ISKO [SD94]. Island [CB87]. issues [Gor85]. Istanbul [Ano93e]. Italy [O’S84]. IX [RAR94].

Jake [Ang90]. January [ACM90]. Japanese [Fur90]. Jerusalem [Sch82]. Joint [USE82]. Jointly [Law85]. Jose [VP94]. July [LT81]. June [Mor82, ACM81]. Just [Cun94].

Kansas [Pre91]. katakana [IN94]. Kaypro [Hic83]. Kentucky [ACM89]. Keyboard [Can81]. Keywords [Sch75]. Khmer [Har94a]. knowledge [SHC83]. Knowledge-Based [Ebi92]. KONVENS [Tro94]. Korean [KC94].

label [GDEJ05]. language [Gor85]. Languages [Wag74]. Large [WMRB77]. Lausanne [LT81]. Learning [TL82]. learns [FW82]. Legal [Ano93d]. Legal-Specific [Ano93d]. Lemmatizing [KW81]. Length [Tur82]. Length-segmented [Tur82]. lessons [Klixx]. Letter [Dun81]. Lexical [Ber86b]. lexicology [Ams86]. lexicon [VTTC95]. lexicons [ZD95]. life [Ano92d]. Lightning [Yer86]. linear [EH88]. linguistics [Ano92b]. LIS [ASP91]. LISP [Sla87]. List [McI82]. lists [Tur82]. Literacy [CBC84]. literary [Smi83]. logical [Ber87].

5

LOGO [GF87]. look [Cri88]. looks [Yar95]. lost [Ano92d]. Louisville [ACM89]. low [TG83]. Low-Achieving [MM92]. low-cost [TG83]. LPC [BG84]. LRE [Adr95]. Lumpy [Yan87].

Macro [LHR + 92]. mai [ACM88]. Making [Joh81]. man [Arc83]. managed [TG83]. Managers [SM80]. Manipulation [ACM81]. Manual [Ano84]. Manufacturing [Ano93c]. March [CBC84]. Markov [DS94]. Massachusetts [Ano93c]. Master [Pet82]. match [Tay86]. matches [ZD95]. Matching [IK83]. Matter [Pro95]. Max [Alt90]. May [BS + 81]. Me [Cun94]. Meaning [JS91]. Measure [AFW83]. Measures [Kre92]. Mediterranean [BS + 81]. MELECON [BS + 81]. membership [MW94]. memory-based [CVB90]. Message [Che87]. Method [WMRB77]. methods [KO84]. metric [EH88]. micro [Cri88]. Microcomputers [CBC84]. Microprocessored [AHZ81]. MicroSpell [Law92]. Misspelled [Dav62]. misspellings [Mit87b]. mistakes [Dol88b]. MMSFORTH [Mil90]. MO [Pre91]. model [AB89]. Models [DS94]. Modern [VTTC94]. Montech [IEE87b]. Montfleury [ACM88]. Montreal [ACM85]. morphological [CA89]. MT [Adr95]. much [Rob83]. Multi [Ano86c]. Multi-Language [Ano86c]. Multiculturalism [Cun94]. Multiple [Ano86a].

N [Cav94]. N-best [JVFM95]. N-gram-based [Cav94]. Nagoya [IEE93a]. Name [Mil90]. Names [Dav62]. Naming [LM87]. Nantes [Ano92b]. natural [CR95]. Naturlicher [Tro94]. NC [BS83]. need [GDEJ05].

Neighborhood [LMPK92]. net [AB89]. network [Hei91]. network-based [TV94]. networks [JVFM95]. Neural [AB89]. Neuropsychological [PMC85]. neuropsychology [AB89]. newspaper [KW81]. next [BD95]. nineties [Pre91]. ninth [RAR94]. No [Pro95]. Non [GT84]. non-semantic [BCK85]. Non-Verbale [GT84]. Nonword [LMPK92]. normal [LBW92]. normalized [MV93]. note [Pet86]. Notes [Pol82]. nothing [BD95]. November [Law85]. novembre [IEE87b].

OCR [TKS86]. October [IEE86]. Office [GR78]. Omnifont [BKP86]. OPACs [Sch94]. operators [EP82]. Optically [Can81]. Optimization [IY85]. Order [Wag74]. Order- [Wag74]. Oregon [ACM81]. Organization [IK83]. ORTHO [DR94]. ORTHO-DIDAC [DR94]. Orthographe [GT84]. Orthographic [LMPK92]. Other [Yan87].

Pacific [Ano94c]. Page [BKP86]. Palais [INN90]. paper [WL83]. Paris [IEE86]. parser [CA89]. Parsing [Ofl92]. Pascal [KP81]. Passenger [Dav62]. password [MW94]. Pathways [Wil82]. Patient [FS92]. Patterns [DC85]. PC [HP88, ACM88]. Pearls [Ben85]. SEMI [Ano93c]. Pennsylvania [RAR94]. perfect [Mil95]. Performance [Flo87]. person [Bom82]. Personal [Rad83]. Personnel [SM80]. Perspectives [CC89]. Phoneme [HHHR66]. Phoneme-Grapheme [HHHR66]. phonemes [Yan91]. Phonemic [LM84]. Phonological [PMC85]. pilot [Cha94]. Pisa [O’S84]. Plagued [Rob86]. Plus [CBC84]. poor [Bom82].

6

Portland [ACM81]. Possible [BG84]. Pour [GT84]. practical [Pfa86]. practice [SW93]. Predictive [Ano92c]. preparation [KL82]. Presented [CC89]. PRICAI [Ano94c]. PRICAI-94 [Ano94c]. Principles [Thi82]. printed [KPB87a]. probabilistic [KO84]. problem [Ram94]. problem-solving [Ram94]. Proceed [JS91]. process [BDT94]. processes [AB89]. Processors [Ano86a]. Prof [BRSS94]. proficiency [TWT84]. program [Bla60]. Programming [Mor69]. programs [Mor70]. project [Adr95]. Prolog [Ber86a]. pronunciation [LHR + 92]. pronunciation-information [HK95]. Proof [WL83]. Proof-reading [WL83]. propagation [Kuk88]. Prototype [BA88]. Proximity [Mac87]. Proximity-Scan [Mac87]. Pseudohomophone [LMPK92]. Psychological [Ano84]. Publication [Ano84].

Qualified [Ano86b]. Quebec [ACM85]. Queries [MF82b]. question [Asi82].

R13 [Yar95]. Raed [Mea87]. Rajaraman [BRSS94]. Raleigh [BS83]. RAM [Edw87]. RAM-resident [Edw87]. Random [Mil95]. Reaction [Kre92]. Reactive [WCD83]. reader [BCK85]. readers [CHJ94]. Readings [AT&T86]. real [Ram94]. real-time [JVFM95]. real-word [Ram94]. Reclaiming [Ano92d]. recognition [SHC83]. recognizer [BH95]. Recognizing [DGK + 90]. Record [Dav62]. Reduction [WL84]. reflexive [dO94]. Regular [Wag74]. Reject [Ano95]. Remedial [Pai81]. representing [LK93]. research [Ams86]. resident [Edw87]. RESORT [Kra84]. Responsiveness [Sch82]. results [SW93]. Retrieval [Dav62, Har94b]. Revelation [Mac87]. reversal [Ull76].

review [Klixx]. right [Sil85]. Rim [Ano94c]. road [Pou84]. robust [BH92]. Rochester [Hes90]. Role [CMVR87]. Romanian [CEU93, BDT94]. ROSE [Ord87]. ROWS [Ord87]. rules [EP82]. Russell-Soundex [Mil90].

Scan [Mac87]. scholar [Pfa86]. Scholarly [PZ83]. Scientific [PZ83]. scientists [Wei82]. screen [WL83]. Scripting [RB05]. Scripts [Chi84]. Search [CS82]. Searches [Sch75]. Searching [CS82]. Seattle [IEE92b]. SECC [Adr95]. second [dO94]. Secretaries [SM80]. security [MW94]. Segmentation [LAS93]. segmented [Tur82]. Selected [KW87]. selectively [JVFM95]. semantic [BCK85]. Semiconductor [Ano93c]. Sept [Wil82]. September [O’S84]. sequence [Kuk88]. sequences [TTK86]. Sequential [Dol88a]. Seventeenth [ACM89]. Seventh [Pet82]. Shell [RB05]. Sheraton [CB87]. Sichere [BN85]. SIGIR [ACM85]. SIGOA [ACM81]. SIGPLAN [ACM81]. SIGSMALL [ACM88]. SIGSMALL/PC [ACM88]. Silbentrennung [BN85]. Similar [IK83]. Similar-String [IK83]. Similarity [Sch75]. Simplified [Adr95]. single [SS84]. Sinnentsprechende [BN85]. sixth [AB84]. sixth-grade [AB84]. size [KPB87a]. Skilled [Kre92]. Skipping [GHU84]. Slovakia [SD94]. small [Pel83]. smarter [Joh81]. Smoothing [KKC04]. Sofia [Boy85]. Solution [GR78]. solving [Ram94]. Some [Pol82]. sound [BCK85]. Soundex [Mil90]. sources [SHC83]. space [Ano92d]. Spacing [KKC04]. Spain [CC89]. speak [FW82]. Speaker [CFGJ91]. Speaker-Independent [CFGJ91]. Specialized [Yan87]. Specific [Ano93d]. Specification [Ano86b].

7

Specified [Ano86b]. Speech [GMW75]. Speed [Edm82]. Speed-Spelling [Edm82]. spell [FW82, LHR + 92]. spell-checking [GDEJ05]. SpellCode [Ang90]. Spelled [CRF92]. Speller [SM80, dO94]. spellers [Mit87b]. spelling [Bla60]. spelling-checker [Ano92d]. spelling-correction [RW92]. Spelling-Sound [LMPK92]. Spelling-To-Phoneme [WL84]. spelling-to-sound [BCK85]. spelling-word [WWSG94]. Spellings [Ros82]. Spoken [CRF92]. Sponsored [Law85]. sponsorship [Law85]. Sprache [Tro94, BN85]. squeeze [CD01]. Standard [GT84]. Standardizing [SW93]. State [SK83]. Statistical [WMRB77]. statistics [WWSG94]. Status [MPG + 92]. Steps [Hic83]. Stochastic [KKC04]. Stockholm [KW87]. Strategic [MPG + 92]. Strategy [Kre92]. Strictness [SPR90]. String [IK83]. strings [EH88]. Structure [Yan87]. structured [FQA89]. Structures [Ofl92]. students [AB84]. study [Cha94]. Stuttgart [Ano94a]. style [Adr95]. Stylometry [Smi83]. Sublexical [MPG + 92]. substitution [Ull76]. Supplement [Ano85a]. Support [Ano86d]. Surface [PMC85]. Survey [NCNS82]. Sweden [KW87]. Switzerland [LT81]. System [Dav62]. Systems [Mor69]. systolic [Lav92].

T [Sla87]. Tale [MM90]. TALISMAN [BA88]. talk [FW82]. Tasks [Ano85a]. TC [LT81]. TC-3 [LT81]. Teaching [Hus81]. technique [Dam64]. Techniques [Kuk92b]. technologies [IEE87b]. Tel [BS + 81]. Tel-Aviv [BS + 81]. telecommunications [Kuk92a]. Tempe [CBC84]. terminology [Buc93].

Terms [LMPK92]. testing [PM87]. Texas [TL82]. text [Tur81]. texts [KW81]. Textual [PZ82]. their [Dal87]. Theme [Ano93c]. Theoretic [LM84]. Therapy [GMW75]. Three [MM90]. Ths [Mea87]. time [EH88]. tolerant [Sch94]. Tolerating [Sch75]. tool [Cri88]. Toolkit [Mac87]. Tools [KP81]. topologies [Kuk88]. Toronto [Pre92]. touching [LAS93]. tour [Tei84]. Trade [Law85]. traditional [OL95]. trained [JVFM95]. Translating [Law85]. translator [Mit85]. transliteration [AFCB94]. transposition [OL95]. TREC [Cav94]. TREC-2 [Cav94]. Trigram [AFW83]. Tsukuba [IEE93b]. Turbo [Yer86]. Turkey [Ano93e]. Turkish [Ano93e, Ofl92]. Tutor [Ter81]. Tutoring [YEMR91]. Twenty [Edm82]. Twenty-First [Edm82]. two [AB84]. Two-Strategy [Kre92]. Type [Yer86]. Typesetting [Har94a]. typing [Pet86]. Typist [Rob86]. typographical [Tur81].

understanding [Woo85]. undetected [Pet86]. Unfold [GHU84]. Units [KW87]. UNIX [KL82]. unknown [Fou94]. Unstructured [Gon83]. USA [IEE90]. Usability [Sch82]. Use [GMW75]. USENIX [USE82]. User [Thi82]. User-Specified [Ano86d]. Users [Chi84]. Uses [Mac87]. Using [AFW83]. Uspell [McC92]. usr [USE82]. Utilities [Edw87]. Utility [Fly88]. Utilization [VTTC95]. utilizing [HK95]. Utrecht [Ano93b].

V [BRSS94]. v2.0 [Law92]. VA [IEE90]. Validation [FS92]. value [Mil95]. Variant [Ros82]. variants [IN94]. VCATS [Hus81]. Ventura [Alt90]. Verarbeitung [Tro94]. verb [CA89]. Verbale [GT84]. verbs [Bos94].

REFERENCES

8

Verification [GR78]. Very [Gon83]. Virtual [Wie86]. Visual [Hus81]. vocabularies [LK93]. VP [Alt90]. VP-to-the-Max [Alt90].

WA [IEE92b]. warning [GDEJ05]. Webster [Pet82, Rob83]. well [Dit87]. Westgate [ACM83]. Whole [BCK85]. Whole-word [BCK85]. Winnipeg [IEE87a]. within [CC89]. without [KC94]. Word [Sid79, MM92]. word-forming [BDT94]. word-forms [RW92]. Word-Spacing [KKC04]. Wordprocessing [Ano92c]. words [Ull76]. Wordz [Tay86]. Work [Edm82]. Workbench [SK83]. Workshop [Ano93c]. WP [Joh81]. Writer [SK83, HP88]. Writers [Che81]. writing [Wei82].

Yur [Mea87].

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[McC92] William McCullough. CUG360 — uspell. C Users Journal, 10(3):

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9788.

McIlroy:1982:DSL

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M. Mor and A. S. Fraenkel. A hash code method for detect- ing and correcting spelling er- rors. Communications of the Association for Computing Ma- chinery, 25(12):935–940 (or 935– 938??), December 1982. CODEN CACMA2. ISSN 0001-0782.

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Mitton:1987:SCS

Roger Mitton. Spelling checkers, spelling correctors and the mis- spellings of poor spellers. Infor- mation Processing and Manage- ment , 23(5):495–505, 1987. CO- DEN IPMADK. ISSN 0306-4573.

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H. L. Morgan. Spelling cor- rection and systems program- ming. Technical Report TR 69- 31, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA, February 1969. (email lmc@cs.cornell.edu).

 

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H. L. Morgan. Spelling correc- tion in systems programs. Com- munications of the Association for Computing Machinery, 13(3):

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Howard Lee Morgan, editor. 1982 National Computer Conference:

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Marzal:1993:CNE

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1983.

Peterson:1980:CPD

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[Pet80b] James Lyle Peterson. Com- puter Programs For Spelling Cor- rection. Springer-Verlag, Inc., Berlin, Germany / Heidelberg, Germany / London, UK / etc.,

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[Pet81] James L. Peterson. Letter to the editor: On spelling correction and beyond. Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery, 24(9):609, September

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Pollock:1982:SED

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[Pre92]

J. J. Presperin, editor. Technol- ogy for the nineties: 14th An- nual conference — June 1991, Kansas City, MO, volume 11 of Proceedings of the RESNA An- nual Conference. RESNA Press, ????, 1991. ISBN 0-932101-29-1. ISSN 0883-4741. LCCN ????

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J. J. Presperin, editor. Tech- nology for consumers: Interna- tional conference — June 1992, Toronto, Canada, volume 12 of Proceedings of the RESNA An- nual Conference. Resna Press, Washington, DC, USA, 1992. ISBN 0-932101-30-5. ISSN 0883- 4741. LCCN ????

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[Pro95] Jeff Prosise. Tutor — no matter how you spell it, soundex finds it. PC Magazine, 14(10):261, 1995. ISSN 0888-8507.

Pollock:1982:ASE

[PZ82] Joseph J. Pollock and Antonio Zamora. Automatic spelling er-

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[PZ83]

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Pollock:1983:CCS

J. J. Pollock and A. Zamora. Collection and characterization of spelling errors in scientific and scholarly text. Journal of the American Society for Informa- tion Science , 34(1):51–58, Jan- uary 1983. CODEN AISJB6. ISSN 0002-8231.

Pollock:1984:ASC

J. J. Pollock and A. Zamora. Au- tomatic spelling correction in sci- entific and scholarly text. Com- munications of the Association for Computing Machinery, 27(4):

358–368, April 1984. CODEN CACMA2. ISSN 0001-0782.

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[PZ84b] Joseph J. Pollock and Antonio Zamora. System design for de- tection and correction of spelling errors in scientific and scholarly text. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 35(2):104–109, March 1984. CO- DEN AISJB6. ISSN 0002-8231.

[Rad83]

Radue:1983:DIS

Jon Radue. On the design of an interactive spelling dictionary for personal computers. In ACM PSC ’83 [ACM83], pages 197–199. ISBN 0-89791-123-7. LCCN QA 76.5 S53 v.6 no.2. ACM (Order n 609830). Baltimore, MD, USA.

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[RAR94] G. Rzevski, R. A. Adey, and D. W. Russell, editors. Appli- cations of artificial intelligence in engineering IX: proceedings of the ninth international confer- ence, held in Pennsylvania, USA, 19th–21st July, 1994. Comput. Mech. Publications, Southamp- ton, UK, 1994. ISBN 1-85312- 284-X. LCCN TA345.I5674 1994.

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Robinson:1983:EWM

[Rob83] D. Robinson. Electric Web- ster: much more than a spelling checker. Creative Comput, 9(11):

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Barbara Robertson. The AI typ- ist: Writing aid is fast and easy,

but bug plagued. InfoWorld, 8(2):

35, January 13 1986. CODEN IN- WODU. ISSN 0199-6649.

[Ros82]

Rosenthal:1982:SCC

Eric S. Rosenthal. Spelling check- ers, compound words, and variant spellings. In USENIX-Summer’92 [USE82], pages 315–322.

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[Sch82] Peter Scheuermann, editor. Pro- ceedings of the Second Interna- tional Conference on Databases:

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Improving Usability and Respon- siveness, June 22–24, 1982, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1982. CODEN PICDD7. ISBN 0-12-624080- 9. LCCN QA76.9.D3I558 1982.

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[Sch94] U. Schulz. Fault-tolerant struc- ture of search processes in OPACs. ABI-Technik, 14(4):299– 310, 1994. CODEN ABITD. ISSN

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Stancikova:1994:EKO

[SD94] Pavla Stancikova and Ingetraut Dahlberg, editors. Environmen- tal Knowledge Organization and Information Management. Pro- ceedings of the First European ISKO Conference, 14–16 Sept. 1994, Bratislava, Slovakia. IN- DEKS Verlag, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, 1994. ISBN 3-88672- 600-2. ISSN 0946-9389. LCCN GE30.E97 1994.

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[Sen93] Ren´e Sennhauser. Improving the recognition accuracy of text recognition systems using ty- pographical constraints. Elec- tronic Publishing—Origination, Dissemination, and Design, 6(3):

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Sidorov:1979:AWS

A. A. Sidorov. Analysis of word similarity in spelling correc- tion systems. Programming and Computer Software; translation of Programmirovaniye (Moscow, USSR) Plenum , 5(4):274–277, July–August 1979. CODEN PC- SODA. ISSN 0361-7688. En- glish translation of Russian ar- ticle in Programmirovanie 1979, No.4, 65-68 (1979).

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[Sil85] B. Sillery. Spelling it right:

Webster’s new word spelling checker. Personal Computing, 9 (11):162, November 1985. CO- DEN PLCMDL. ISSN 0192-5490.

Smith:1983:UWW

[SK83] C. R. Smith and K. E. Kiefer. Using the writer’s workbench programs at colorado state uni- versity. In Burton and Short [BS83], pages 672–684. ISBN 0-914894-96-X. LCCN AZ105 .I56 1983. From Computing Re- views : “The Writer’s Workbench programs described include:

ORGANIZATION; DEVELOP- MENT; FINDBE; DICTION; SUGGEST; SPELL; PUNCTU- ATION; GRAMMAR; STYLE; PROSE; ABSTRACT; VAGUE- NESS; and CHECK. The latter two programs were developed at CSU for inclusion in the package. In combination, the thirteen pro- grams produce some five to six

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pages of analysis to aid students in revision before their papers are handed in for marking.”.

Seni:1996:GED

[SKS96] Giovanni Seni, V. Kripasundar, and Rohini K. Srihari. Gener- alizing edit distance to incorpo- rate domain information: hand- written text recognition as a case study. Pattern Recognition , 29(3):

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Slade:1987:PLD

[Sla87] Stephen Slade. The T pro- gramming language: a dialect of LISP . Prentice-Hall, Inc., En- glewood Cliffs, NJ 07632, USA, 1987. ISBN 0-13-881905-X. xiv + 425 pp. LCCN QA76.73.T18 S58 1987. US$21.33. From Comput- ing Reviews : “The well-thought- out problems on interesting topics such as spelling correction, cryp- tography, lazy array space alloca- tion, workspace editor, database management system, etc. are par- ticularly pleasing.”.

Sippl:1980:ECD

[SM80] Charles J. Sippl and JoAnn Coff- man Mayer. The Essential Com- puter Dictionary and Speller for Secretaries, Managers, and Of- fice Personnel . Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632, USA, 1980. ISBN 0-13-284364- 1 (hardcover), 0-13-284356-0 (pa- perback). v + 258 pp. LCCN QA76.15 .S514. US$13.95 (hard- cover), US$6.95 (paperback).

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[Smi83] M. W. A. Smith. Stylometry: the detection of literary authorship. The Computer Bulletin, 2(35):8– 9, 11, March 1983.

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[SPR90] R. C. Sekar, Shaunak Pawagi, and I. V. Ramakrishnan. Small do- mains spell fast strictness analy- sis. In ACM POPL ’90 [ACM90], pages 169–183. ISBN 0-89791- 343-4. LCCN QA76.7 .A15 1990.

Sinha:1984:PCS

[SS84] R. M. K. Sinha and K. S. Sigh. A program for correction of single spelling errors in hindi words. Journal of the Institu- tion of Electronics and Telecom- munication Engineers, 30(6):249– 251, November 1984. CODEN JI- ETAU. ISSN 0377-2063.

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[Stu82] R. A. Stultz. The word pro- cessing handbook . Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632, USA, 1982. ISBN 0-13-963454-1, 0-13-963447-9 (paperback). 237 pp. LCCN HF5548.115 .S78.