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20040211 Directiva 2004/8/CE a Parlamentului European i a Consiliului din 11 februarie 2004

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Directive 2004/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 on the promotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internal energy market and amending Directive 92/42/EEC

privind promovarea cogenerrii pe baza cererii de energie termic util pe piaa intern a energiei i de modificare a Directivei 92/42/CEE PARLAMENTUL EUROPEAN I CONSILIUL UNIUNII EUROPENE, avnd n vedere Tratatul de instituire a Comunitii Europene, n special articolul 175 alineatul (1), avnd n vedere propunerea Comisiei [1], avnd n vedere avizul Comitetului Economic i Social European [2], avnd n vedere avizul Comitetului Regiunilor [3], hotrnd n conformitate cu procedura prevzut la articolul 251 din tratat [4], ntruct:

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 175(1) thereof, Having regard to the proposal from the Commission(1), Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee(2), Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions(3), Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty(4), Whereas:

(1) Potenialul de utilizare a cogenerrii ca msur de (1) The potential for use of cogeneration as a measure economisire a energiei este, n prezent, insuficient to save energy is underused in the Community at folosit n cadrul Comunitii. Promovarea unei present. Promotion of high-efficiency cogeneration based on a useful heat demand is a Community priority cogenerri cu randament ridicat, pe baza cererii de energie termic util este o prioritate comunitar, avnd given the potential benefits of cogeneration with regard n vedere beneficiile poteniale ale cogenerrii din punct to saving primary energy, avoiding network losses and de vedere al economisirii energiei primare, al evitrii reducing emissions, in particular of greenhouse gases. pierderilor n reele i al reducerii emisiilor, n special de In addition, efficient use of energy by cogeneration can gaze cu efect de ser. De asemenea, folosirea eficient also contribute positively to the security of energy supply and to the competitive situation of the European a energiei produse prin cogenerare poate contribui pozitiv la securitatea aprovizionrii cu energie i la Union and its Member States. It is therefore necessary poziia concurenial a Uniunii Europene i a statelor to take measures to ensure that the potential is better membre. De aceea, este necesar s se ia msuri pentru exploited within the framework of the internal energy a garanta c potenialul este exploatat mai bine n market. cadrul pieei interne de energie. (2) Directiva 2003/54/CE a Parlamentului European i a (2) Directive 2003/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2003(5) establishes Consiliului din 26 iunie 2003 [5] stabilete norme common rules for the generation, transmission, comune pentru producerea, transportul, distribuia i distribution and supply of electricity within the internal aprovizionarea cu energie electric n cadrul pieei interne de electricitate. n acest context, dezvoltarea market in electricity. In this context, the development of cogeneration contributes to enhancing competition, also cogenerrii contribuie la intensificarea concurenei i with regard to new market actors. pentru noii actori de pe pia. (3) Cartea verde intitulat "Spre o strategie european (3) The Green Paper entitled "Towards a European strategy for the security of energy supply" points out pentru securitatea aprovizionrii cu energie electric" that the European Union is extremely dependent on its subliniaz c Uniunea European depinde n foarte

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mare msur de sursele sale externe de energie, care external energy supplies currently accounting for 50 % of requirements and projected to rise to 70 % by 2030 reprezint n prezent 50 % din necesarul total i se if current trends persists. Import dependency and rising estimeaz c vor crete la 70 % pn n anul 2030, dac se menin tendinele actuale. Dependena de import ratios heighten the risk of interruption to or import i creterea ratei importurilor fac s creasc difficulties in supply. However, security of supply should riscul de ntrerupere a aprovizionrii sau de dificulti n not be conceived as merely a question of reducing import dependency and boosting domestic production. aprovizionare. Cu toate acestea, securitatea aprovizionrii nu trebuie considerat doar o problem Security of supply calls for a wide range of policy initiatives aimed at, inter alia, diversification of sources de reducere a dependenei de importuri i de and technologies and improved international relations. dinamizare a produciei interne. Securitatea aprovizionrii necesit o gam larg de iniiative de The Green Paper emphasised furthermore that security politic energetic, care au drept scop, inter alia, of energy supply is essential for a future sustainable diversificarea surselor i tehnologiilor i mbuntirea development. The Green Paper concludes that the relaiilor internaionale. Cartea verde subliniaz, de adoption of new measures to reduce energy demand is asemenea, faptul c securitatea aprovizionrii cu essential both in terms of reducing the import energie electric este esenial pentru o dezvoltare dependence and in order to limit greenhouse gas durabil n viitor. Cartea verde concluzioneaz c emissions. In its Resolution of 15 November 2001 on adoptarea de noi msuri pentru reducerea cererii de the Green Paper(6), the European Parliament called for energie este esenial att pentru reducerea incentives to encourage a shift towards efficient energy dependenei de import, ct i pentru limitarea emisiilor production plants, including combined heat and power. de gaze cu efect de ser. n Rezoluia din 15 noiembrie 2001 privind cartea verde [6], Parlamentul European a solicitat stabilirea unor msuri de ncurajare n favoarea unei schimbri n direcia centralelor de producere a energiei electrice eficiente, inclusiv producerea combinat de energie electric i energie termic. (4) Comunicarea Comisiei intitulat "O Europ durabil (4) The Commission's Communication "A Sustainable Europe for a better world - A European Union Strategy pentru o lume mai bun o strategie a Uniunii for Sustainable Development" presented at the Europene pentru dezvoltare durabil", prezentat la Gothenburg European Council on 15 and 16 June 2001 Consiliul European de la Gteborg din 15 i 16 iunie 2001, a identificat schimbrile climatice ca reprezentnd identified climate change as one of the principal barriers una din principalele bariere n calea dezvoltrii durabile to sustainable development and emphasised the need i a accentuat necesitatea utilizrii n mai mare msur for increased use of clean energy and clear action to a energiei curate i a unor aciuni clare pentru reduce energy demand. reducerea cererii de energie. (5) Utilizarea mai intens a cogenerrii, orientat n (5) The increased use of cogeneration geared towards direcia realizrii de economii de energie primar, ar making primary energy savings could constitute an putea constitui o parte important a pachetului de important part of the package of measures needed to msuri necesare pentru respectarea Protocolului de la comply with the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Kyoto anexat la Convenia-cadru a Organizaiei Framework Convention on Climate Change, and of any Naiunilor Unite privind schimbrile climatice, precum i policy package to meet further commitments. The a oricrui pachet de msuri politice pentru respectarea Commission in its Communication on the angajamentelor viitoare. n comunicarea privind implementation of the first phase of the European punerea n aplicare a primei faze a Programului Climate Change Programme identified promotion of european privind schimbrile climatice, Comisia a cogeneration as one of the measures needed to reduce identificat promovarea cogenerrii ca fiind una dintre the greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector msurile necesare pentru reducerea emisiilor de gaze cu and announced its intention to present a proposal for a efect de ser din sectorul energetic i i-a anunat Directive on the promotion of cogeneration in 2002. intenia de a prezenta o propunere pentru o directiv privind promovarea cogenerrii n 2002. (6) In its Resolution of 25 September 2002 on the (6) n Rezoluia din 25 septembrie 2002 privind comunicarea Comisiei n legtur cu punerea n aplicare Commission communication on the implementation of the first phase of the European Climate Change a primei faze a Programului european privind schimbrile climatice [7], Parlamentul European salut Programme(7), the European Parliament welcomes the ideea prezentrii unei propuneri de ntrire a msurilor idea of submitting a proposal to strengthen Community comunitare menite s promoveze producerea combinat measures to promote the use of combined heat and de energie electric i termic (CHP) i cere adoptarea power (CHP) and calls for prompt adoption of a prompt a unei directive privind promovarea producerii Directive on the promotion of CHP.

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combinate de energie electric i termic. (7) Importana cogenerrii a fost recunoscut, de asemenea, de Rezoluia Consiliului din 18 decembrie 1997 [8] i de Rezoluia Parlamentului European din 15 mai 1998 [9] privind o strategie comunitar de promovare a producerii combinate de energie electric i termic. (8) n concluziile din 30 mai 2000 i din 5 decembrie 2000, Consiliul a aprobat planul de aciune al Comisiei privind randamentul energetic i a identificat promovarea cogenerrii ca fiind unul din domeniile prioritare pe termen scurt. n rezoluia din 14 martie 2001 privind planul de aciune pentru randamentul energetic [10], Parlamentul a cerut Comisiei s prezinte propuneri de stabilire a unor norme comune pentru promovarea cogenerrii, atunci cnd acest lucru este justificat din punct de vedere al mediului. (9) Directiva 96/61/CE a Consiliului din 24 septembrie 1996 privind prevenirea i controlul integrat al polurii [11], Directiva 2001/80/CE a Parlamentului European i a Consiliului privind limitarea emisiilor n aer ale anumitor poluani provenii de la marile instalaii de ardere [12] i Directiva 2000/76/CE a Parlamentului European i a Consiliului din 4 decembrie 2000 privind incinerarea deeurilor [13] au evideniat necesitatea de a evalua potenialul de cogenerare n instalaii noi. (10) Directiva 1002/91/CE a Parlamentului European i a Consiliului din 16 decembrie 2002 privind performana energetic a cldirilor [14] impune statelor membre s asigure ca pentru cldirile noi cu o suprafa total util de peste 1000 m2, s se analizeaz i s se ia n considerare, nainte de nceperea construciei, fezabilitatea tehnic, de mediu i economic a sistemelor alternative, cum ar fi cogenerarea de energie electric i termic. (11) n prezenta directiv, cogenerarea cu randament ridicat este definit de economiile de energie obinute prin producerea combinat fa de producerea separat de energie electric i termic. Economiile de energie mai mari de 10 % justific folosirea expresiei "cogenerare cu randament ridicat". Pentru maximizarea economiilor de energie i pentru a evita pierderea acestor economii, trebuie s se acorde o importan deosebit condiiilor de exploatare a unitilor de cogenerare. (12) n contextul evalurii economiilor de energie primar, este important s se ia n considerare situaia statelor membre n care cea mai mare parte din consumul de energie electric este acoperit din importuri. (13) Pentru transparen, este important s se adopte o definiie de baz armonizat a cogenerrii. Pentru emiterea unei garanii de origine i pentru scopuri statistice, dac instalaiile de cogenerare sunt echipate pentru producerea separat de energie electric sau energie termic, o astfel de producie nu trebuie s fie specificat ca fiind cogenerare.

(7) The importance of cogeneration was also recognised by the Council Resolution of 18 December 1997(8) and by the European Parliament Resolution of 15 May 1998 (9) on a Community strategy to promote combined heat and power. (8) The Council in its Conclusions of 30 May 2000 and of 5 December 2000 endorsed the Commission's Action Plan on energy efficiency and identified promotion of cogeneration as one of the short-term priority areas. The European Parliament in its Resolution of 14 March 2001 on the Action Plan on energy efficiency(10) called on the Commission to submit proposals establishing common rules for the promotion of cogeneration, where this makes environmental sense. (9) Council Directive 96/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control (11), Directive 2001/80/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants(12) and Directive 2000/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 December 2000 on the incineration of waste(13) highlight the need to evaluate the potential for cogeneration in new installations. (10) Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings(14) requires the Member States to ensure that for new buildings with a total useful floor area of over 1000 m2, the technical, environmental and economic feasibility of alternative systems, such as cogeneration of heat and power, is considered and taken into account before construction starts. (11) High efficiency cogeneration is in this Directive defined by the energy savings obtained by combined production instead of separate production of heat and electricity. Energy savings of more than 10 % qualify for the term "high-efficiency cogeneration". To maximise the energy savings and to avoid energy savings being lost, the greatest attention must be paid to the functioning conditions of cogeneration units.

(12) In the context of the evaluation of primary energy savings, it is important to take into account the situation of Member States in which the most of electricity consumption is covered by imports. (13) It is important for transparency to adopt a harmonised basic definition of cogeneration. Where cogeneration installations are equipped to generate separate electricity or heat production, such production should not be specified as cogeneration for issuing a guarantee of origin and for statistical purposes.

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(14) Pentru a garanta c suportul pentru cogenerare, n contextul prezentei directive, se bazeaz pe cererea de energie termic util i pe economiile de energie primar, este necesar s se stabileasc criterii pentru determinarea i evaluarea randamentului energetic al produciei prin cogenerare conform definiiei de baz. (15) Obiectivul general al prezentei directive trebuie s fie stabilirea unei metode armonizate de calculare a energiei electrice produse prin cogenerare i a orientrilor necesare pentru punerea n aplicare a acesteia, lund n considerare metodologii precum cele care sunt puse la punct n prezent de ctre organismele europene de standardizare. Aceast metod trebuie s poat fi adaptat pentru a ine seama de progresul tehnic. Aplicarea calculelor din anexele II i III la unitile de microcogenerare se poate baza, n conformitate cu principiul proporionalitii, pe valorile rezultate dintr-un proces de testare de tip, certificat de un organism competent i independent. (16) Definiiile cogenerrii i cogenerrii cu randament ridicat utilizate n prezenta directiv nu aduc atingere utilizrii diferitelor definiii din legislaia intern, pentru alte scopuri dect cele stabilite de prezenta directiv. Este potrivit s se foloseasc suplimentar definiiile relevante coninute n Directiva 2003/54/CE i n Directiva 2001/77/CE ale Parlamentului European i ale Consiliului din 27 septembrie 2001 privind promovarea energiei electrice produse din surse regenerabile de energie pe piaa intern a energiei electrice [15]. (17) Msurarea producerii de energie termic util n punctul de producere al centralei de cogenerare subliniaz necesitatea ca avantajele energiei termice utile produse prin cogenerare s nu se iroseasc prin pierderi mari de energie termic n reelele de distribuie. (18) Raportul dintre energie electric i energie termic este o caracteristic tehnic ce trebuie definit pentru a calcula cantitatea de energie electric produs prin cogenerare. (19) n sensul prezentei directive, definiia "unitilor de cogenerare" poate include i echipamente n care se poate produce doar energie electric sau doar energie termic, cum ar fi camerele de ardere auxiliare i cele de postardere. Producia provenit din astfel de echipamente nu trebuie considerat drept cogenerare pentru emiterea unei garanii de origine i pentru scopuri statistice. (20) Definiia "cogenerrii la scar redus" cuprinde, ntre altele, unitile de micro-cogenerare i de cogenerare n reea distribuit, cum ar fi unitile de cogenerare care aprovizioneaz cu energie zonele izolate sau care satisfac cereri limitate de energie pentru nevoi rezideniale, comerciale sau industriale. (21) Pentru a crete gradul de transparen n ceea ce privete opiunea consumatorului ntre energia electric produs prin cogenerare i energia electric produs prin alte tehnici, este necesar s se asigure c, pe baza unor valori de referin armonizate privind randamentul

(14) To ensure that support for cogeneration in the context of this Directive is based on the useful heat demand and primary energy savings, it is necessary to set up criteria to determine and assess the energy efficiency of the cogeneration production identified under the basic definition. (15) The general objective of this Directive should be to establish a harmonised method for calculation of electricity from cogeneration and necessary guidelines for its implementation, taking into account methodologies such as those currently under development by European standardisation organisations. This method should be adjustable to take account of technical progress. Application of the calculations in Annexes II and III to micro-cogeneration units could, in accordance with the principle of proportionality, be based on values resulting from a type testing process certified by a competent, independent body. (16) The definitions of cogeneration and of highefficiency cogeneration used in this Directive do not prejudge the use of different definitions in national legislation, for purposes other than those set out in this Directive. It is appropriate to borrow in addition the relevant definitions contained in Directive 2003/54/EC and in Directive 2001/77/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2001 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market(15). (17) Measuring the useful heat output at the point of production of the cogeneration plant underlines the need to ensure that advantages of the cogenerated useful heat are not lost in high heat losses from distribution networks. (18) The power to heat ratio is a technical characteristic that needs to be defined in order to calculate the amount of electricity from cogeneration. (19) For the purpose of this Directive, the definition of "cogeneration units" may also include equipment in which only electrical energy or only thermal energy can be generated, such as auxiliary firing and after burning units. The output from such equipment should not be considered as cogeneration for issuing a guarantee of origin and for statistical purposes. (20) The definition of "small scale cogeneration" comprises, inter alia, micro-cogeneration and distributed cogeneration units such as cogeneration units supplying isolated areas or limited residential, commercial or industrial demands. (21) To increase transparency for the consumer's choice between electricity from cogeneration and electricity produced on the basis of other techniques, it is necessary to ensure that, on the basis of harmonised efficiency reference values, the origin of high-efficiency

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cogeneration can be guaranteed. Schemes for the energetic, se poate garanta originea cogenerrii cu randament ridicat. Sistemele de garantare a originii nu guarantee of origin do not by themselves imply a right to benefit from national support mechanisms. implic, n sine, dreptul de a beneficia de pe urma mecanismelor naionale de sprijin. (22) Este important ca toate formele de energie (22) It is important that all forms of electricity produced electric produse prin cogenerare cu randament ridicat from high-efficiency cogeneration can be covered by s poat fi acoperite de garanii de origine. Este guarantees of origin. It is important to distinguish important s se fac distincia clar ntre garaniile de guarantees of origin clearly from exchangeable origine i certificatele care pot fi preschimbate. certificates. (23) To ensure increased market penetration of (23) Pentru a asigura creterea penetrrii pe pia a cogenerrii pe termen mediu, este indicat s se solicite cogeneration in the medium term, it is appropriate to tuturor statelor membre adoptarea i publicarea unui require all Member States to adopt and publish a report raport de analiz a potenialului naional pentru analysing the national potential for high-efficiency cogenerarea cu randament ridicat i s se includ n cogeneration and to include a separate analysis of raport o analiz separat a barierelor n calea barriers to cogeneration in the report, and of measures taken to ensure the reliability of the guarantee system. cogenerrii, precum i a msurilor luate pentru a asigura fiabilitatea sistemului de garantare. (24) Sprijinul public trebuie s fie n concordan cu (24) Public support should be consistent with the dispoziiile orientrilor comunitare privind ajutorul de provisions of the Community guidelines on State aid for stat pentru protecia mediului [16], inclusiv n ceea ce environmental protection(16), including as regards the privete necumularea ajutoarelor. n prezent, aceste non-cumulation of aid. These guidelines currently allow certain types of public support if it can be shown that orientri permit acordarea anumitor tipuri de sprijin public, dac se poate demonstra c msurile de sprijin the support measures are beneficial in terms of sunt benefice din punct de vedere al proteciei mediului protection of the environment because the conversion pentru c randamentul conversiei este foarte ridicat, efficiency is particularly high, because the measures will pentru c msurile vor permite reducerea consumului allow energy consumption to be reduced or because the de energie sau pentru c procesul de producie va fi production process will be less damaging to the mai puin duntor pentru mediu. n unele situaii, un environment. Such support will in some cases be astfel de sprijin poate fi necesar pentru exploatarea n necessary to further exploit the potential for continuare a potenialului de cogenerare, n special cogeneration, in particular to take account of the need pentru a ine seama de necesitatea de internalizare a to internalise external costs. costurilor externe. (25) Programele de sprijin public pentru promovarea (25) Public support schemes for promoting cogeneration should focus mainly on support for cogeneration based cogenerrii trebuie s se concentreze n principal pe on economically justifiable demand for heat and sprijinirea cogenerrii pe baza unei cereri de energie termic i energie de rcire, care poate fi justificat din cooling. punct de vedere economic. (26) Statele membre pun n aplicare diferite mecanisme (26) Member States operate different mechanisms of de sprijin pentru cogenerare la nivel naional, care support for cogeneration at the national level, including includ ajutoare pentru investiii, scutiri sau reduceri de investment aid, tax exemptions or reductions, green impozite, certificate verzi i programe de sprijin direct al certificates and direct price support schemes. One important means to achieve the aim of this Directive is preurilor. Un mijloc important de atingere a scopului to guarantee the proper functioning of these prezentei directive este garantarea funcionrii corespunztoare a acestor mecanisme, pn la punerea mechanisms, until a harmonised Community framework n funciune a unui cadru comunitar armonizat, pentru a is put into operation, in order to maintain investor menine ncrederea investitorilor. Comisia intenioneaz confidence. The Commission intends to monitor the s monitorizeze situaia i s prezinte rapoarte cu privire situation and report on experiences gained with the application of national support schemes. la experiena ctigat n aplicarea programelor naionale de sprijin. (27) Pentru transportul i distribuia energiei electrice (27) For the transmission and distribution of electricity produse prin cogenerare cu randament ridicat, se aplic from high-efficiency cogeneration, the provisions of dispoziiile articolului 7 alineatele (1), (2) i (5) din Article 7(1), (2) and (5) of Directive 2001/77/EC as well Directiva 2001/77/CE, precum i dispoziiile relevante as relevant provisions of Directive 2003/54/EC should din Directiva 2003/54/CE. Pn cnd productorul de apply. Until the cogeneration producer is an eligible energie prin cogenerare devine, n conformitate cu customer under national legislation within the meaning legislaia intern, client eligibil n nelesul articolului 21 of Article 21(1) of Directive 2003/54/EC, tariffs related alineatul (1) din Directiva 2003/54/CE, tarifele legate de to the purchase of additional electricity sometimes achiziia de energie de completare de care au nevoie needed by cogeneration producers should be set

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uneori productorii de energie prin cogenerare trebuie according to objective, transparent and nondiscriminatory criteria. Especially for small scale and s fie stabilite innd seama de criterii obiective, micro-cogeneration units access to the grid system of transparente i nediscriminatorii. n special pentru electricity produced from high-efficiency cogeneration unitilede cogenerare la scar redus i cele de microcogenerare, accesul la reeaua de energie electric may be facilitated subject to notification to the produs prin cogenerare cu randament ridicat poate fi Commission. facilitat, sub rezerva notificrii Comisiei. (28) n general, unitile de cogenerare de pn la 400 (28) In general, cogeneration units up to 400 kW falling kW, care intr sub incidena definiiilor din Directiva within the definitions of Council Directive 92/42/EEC of 92/42/CEE a Consiliului din 21 mai 1992 privind 21 May 1992 on efficiency requirements for new hotcerinele de randament energetic pentru noile cazane water boilers fired with liquid or gaseous fuels(17) are de ap fierbinte aprovizionate cu combustibili lichizi sau unlikely to meet the minimum efficiency requirements gazoi [17] nu pot ndeplini condiiile minime de therein and should therefore be excluded from that randament energetic impuse de acestea i, prin urmare, Directive. trebuie excluse din domeniul de aplicare a directivei menionate. (29) Structura specific a sectorului de cogenerare, care (29) The specific structure of the cogeneration sector, include muli productori mici i mijlocii, trebuie s fie which includes many small and medium-sized luat n considerare, n special atunci cnd se revizuiesc producers, should be taken into account, especially procedurile administrative pentru obinerea autorizaiei when reviewing the administrative procedures for de a construi o instalaie de cogenerare. obtaining permission to construct cogeneration capacity. (30) Within the purpose of this Directive to create a (30) n sensul prezentei directive, de creare a unui cadru pentru promovarea cogenerrii, este important s framework for promoting cogeneration it is important to se pun accentul pe necesitatea unui mediu economic i emphasise the need for a stabile economical and administrativ stabil pentru investiiile n noi instalaii de administrative environment for investments in new cogenerare. Statele membre trebuie ncurajate s cogeneration installations. Member States should be susin aceast necesitate prin proiectarea unor encouraged to address this need by designing support programe de sprijin cu o durat de minimum patru ani schemes with a duration period of at least four years i prin evitarea schimbrilor frecvente ale procedurilor and by avoiding frequent changes in administrative administrative etc. De asemenea, statele membre procedures etc. Member States should furthermore be trebuie s fie ncurajate s garanteze c programele de encouraged to ensure that public support schemes sprijin public respect principiul retragerii treptate din respect the phase-out principle. funciune. (31) Randamentul i durabilitateta global a cogenerrii (31) The overall efficiency and sustainability of cogeneration is dependent on many factors, such as depind de mai muli factori, cum ar fi tehnologia technology used, fuel types, load curves, the size of the utilizat, tipurile de combustibil, curbele de sarcin, mrimea unitii, precum i de proprietile energiei unit, and also on the properties of the heat. For termice. Din considerente practice i avnd n vedere practical reasons and based on the fact, that the use of faptul c utilizarea energiei termice produse n diferite the heat output for different purposes requires different scopuri necesit diferite niveluri de temperatur ale temperature levels of the heat, and that these and energiei termice i c aceste diferene, precum i altele other differences influence efficiencies of the influeneaz randamentul cogenerrii, cogenerarea cogeneration, cogeneration could be divided into classes poate fi mprit n categorii cum ar fi: "cogenerare such as: "industrial cogeneration", "heating industrial", "cogenerare pentru nclzire" i cogeneration" and "agricultural cogeneration". "cogenerare agricol". (32) In accordance with the principles of subsidiarity (32) n conformitate cu principiile subsidiaritii i proporionalitii, prevzute la articolul 5 din tratat, este and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty, general principles providing a framework for the necesar s se stabileasc la nivel comunitar principii generale care s ofere un cadru pentru promovarea promotion of cogeneration in the internal energy market should be set at Community level, but the detailed cogenerrii pe piaa intern de energie, dar detaliile punerii n aplicare trebuie lsate la latitudinea statelor implementation should be left to Member States, thus allowing each Member State to choose the regime, membre, permind astfel fiecrui stat membru s which corresponds best to its particular situation. This aleag regimul care corespunde cel mai bine situaiei Directive confines itself to the minimum required in sale particulare. Prezenta directiv se limiteaz la minimul necesar pentru atingerea acestor obiective, fr order to achieve those objectives and does not go beyond what is necessary for that purpose. a depi ceea ce este necesar n acest scop. (33) Se impune adoptarea msurilor necesare pentru (33) The measures necessary for the implementation of punerea n aplicare a prezentei directive n conformitate this Directive should be adopted in accordance with

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cu Decizia 1999/468/CE a Consiliului din 28 iunie de stabilire a normelor de exercitare a competenelor de executare conferite Comisiei [18], ADOPT PREZENTA DIRECTIV: Articolul 1 Obiect

Council Decision 1999/468/EC of 28 June laying down the procedures for the exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission(18), HAVE ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE: Article 1

Purpose Obiectul prezentei directive este de a crete randamentul energetic i de a mbunti securitatea de aprovizionare, prin crearea unui cadru pentru promovarea i dezvoltarea cogenerrii cu randament ridicat a energiei electrice i termice, pe baza cererii de energie termic util i a economiilor de energie primar pe piaa intern de energie, innd seama de mprejurrile naionale specifice, n special cele privind condiiile economice i climatice. Articolul 2 The purpose of this Directive is to increase energy efficiency and improve security of supply by creating a framework for promotion and development of high efficiency cogeneration of heat and power based on useful heat demand and primary energy savings in the internal energy market, taking into account the specific national circumstances especially concerning climatic and economic conditions. Domeniu de aplicare Prezenta directiv se aplic cogenerrii, astfel cum este Article 2 definit la articolul 3, precum i tehnologiilor de cogenerare enumerate n anexa I. Articolul 3 Scope Definiii This Directive shall apply to cogeneration as defined in Article 3 and cogeneration technologies listed in Annex I.

n sensul prezentei directive, se aplic urmtoarele definiii: (a) "cogenerare" nseamn producerea simultan, n acelai proces, a energiei termice i a energiei electrice i/sau mecanice; (b) "energie termic util" nseamn energia termic produs ntr-un proces de cogenerare, pentru a satisface o cerere de nclzire sau rcire, justificat din punct de vedere economic; (c) "cerere justificat din punct de vedere economic" nseamn cererea care nu depete necesarul de nclzire sau rcire i care ar putea fi satisfcut altfel n condiiile pieei, prin alte procese de producere a energiei, n afar de cogenerare; (d) "energie electric produs prin cogenerare" nseamn energia electric produs ntr-un proces legat de producerea de energie termic util i calculat n conformitate cu metodologia prezentat n anexa II; (e) "energie electric de rezerv" nseamn energia electric furnizat prin reeaua de energie electric ori de cte ori procesul de cogenerare este ntrerupt, inclusiv n perioadele de revizie sau n stare de avarie; (f) "energie electric de completare" nseamn energia electric furnizat prin reeaua de energie electric n cazurile n care cererea de energie electric depete

Article 3

Definitions

For the purpose of this Directive, the following definitions shall apply:

(a) "cogeneration" shall mean the simultaneous generation in one process of thermal energy and electrical and/or mechanical energy; (b) "useful heat" shall mean heat produced in a cogeneration process to satisfy an economically justifiable demand for heat or cooling; (c) "economically justifiable demand" shall mean the demand that does not exceed the needs for heat or cooling and which would otherwise be satisfied at

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producia de energie electric din procesul de market conditions by energy generation processes other cogenerare; than cogeneration; (d) "electricity from cogeneration" shall mean electricity (g) "randament global" nseamn suma anual a produciei de energie electric i mecanic i a generated in a process linked to the production of produciei de energie termic util, mprit la useful heat and calculated in accordance with the cantitatea de combustibil folosit pentru producerea methodology laid down in Annex II; energiei termice ntr-un proces de cogenerare i n producia brut de energie electric i mecanic; (e) "back-up electricity" shall mean the electricity (h) "randament" nseamn randamentul calculat pe baza "puterii calorifice nete" a combustibililor (numit i supplied through the electricity grid whenever the cogeneration process is disrupted, including "putere calorific inferioar"); maintenance periods, or out of order; (f) "top-up electricity" shall mean the electricity supplied (i) "cogenerare cu randament ridicat" nseamn cogenerarea care ndeplinete criteriile stabilite n anexa through the electricity grid in cases where the electricity III; demand is greater than the electrical output of the cogeneration process; (g) "overall efficiency" shall mean the annual sum of (j) "valoare de referin a randamentului pentru producere separat" nseamn randamentul producerii electricity and mechanical energy production and useful separate alternative de energie electric i termic, pe heat output divided by the fuel input used for heat care procesul de cogenerare este menit s-o nlocuiasc; produced in a cogeneration process and gross electricity and mechanical energy production; (k) "raportul dintre energia electric i energia termic" (h) "efficiency" shall mean efficiency calculated on the nseamn raportul dintre energia electric produs prin basis of "net calorific values" of fuels (also referred to as "lower calorific values"); cogenerare i energia termic util la funcionare exclusiv n regim de cogenerare, utiliznd datele operaionale ale unei uniti specifice; (l) "unitate de cogenerare" nseamn acea unitate care (i) "high efficiency cogeneration" shall mean poate funciona n regim de cogenerare; cogeneration meeting the criteria of Annex III; (m) "unitate de microcogenerare" nseamn o unitate (j) "efficiency reference value for separate production" de cogenerare cu o capacitate maxim sub 50 kWe; shall mean efficiency of the alternative separate productions of heat and electricity that the cogeneration process is intended to substitute; (n) "cogenerare la scar redus" nseamn uniti de (k) "power to heat ratio" shall mean the ratio between cogenerare cu capacitate instalat mai mic de 1 MWe; electricity from cogeneration and useful heat when operating in full cogeneration mode using operational data of the specific unit; (l) "cogeneration unit" shall mean a unit that can (o) "producie n cogenerare" nseamn suma dintre operate in cogeneration mode; energia electric i mecanic i energia termic util produs prin cogenerare. Suplimentar, se aplic definiiile relevante din Directiva (m) "micro-cogeneration unit" shall mean a 2003/54/CE i din Directiva 2001/77/CE. cogeneration unit with a maximum capacity below 50 kWe; Articolul 4 (n) "small scale cogeneration" shall mean cogeneration units with an installed capacity below 1 MWe; Criterii de eficien a cogenerrii (o) "cogeneration production" shall mean the sum of electricity and mechanical energy and useful heat from cogeneration. (1) n scopul determinrii randamentului cogenerrii n In addition, the relevant definitions in Directive conformitate cu anexa III, nu mai trziu de 21 februarie 2003/54/EC, and in Directive 2001/77/EC shall apply. 2006, Comisia stabilete valori de referin armonizate ale randamentului pentru producerea separat a energiei electrice i termice, n conformitate cu procedura menionat la articolul 14 alineatul (2). Aceste valori de referin armonizate ale randamentului constau dintr-o matrice de valori difereniate prin factori relevani, printre care anul construciei i tipurile de combustibil i trebuie s se bazeze pe o analiz bine

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fundamentat, care s ia n considerare, ntre altele, datele de exploatare n condiii realiste, schimbul transfrontalier de energie electric, combinaia de combustibili i condiiile climatice, precum i tehnologiile de cogenerare aplicate, n conformitate cu principiile enunate n anexa III. (2) n conformitate cu procedura menionat la articolul 14 alineatul (2), Comisia revizuiete valorile de referin armonizate ale randamentului pentru producerea separat a energiei electrice i energiei termice, menionate la alineatul (1), pentru prima dat la 21 februarie 2011 i dup aceea din patru n patru ani, pentru a ine seama de progresul tehnologic i de evoluia distribuiei surselor de energie. (3) Statele membre care pun n aplicare prezenta Article 4 directiv nainte de stabilirea de ctre Comisie a valorilor de referin armonizate ale randamentului pentru producerea separat de energie electric i termic menionate la alineatul (1) adopt, nainte de data prevzut la alineatul (1), valorile de referin naionale ale randamentului pentru producerea separat a energiei electrice i termice, care urmeaz s fie folosite pentru calculul economiilor de energie primar produse din cogenerare, n conformitate cu metodologia prevzut la anexa III. Articolul 5 Efficiency criteria of cogeneration Garania de origine pentru energia electric produs prin cogenerare cu randament ridicat 1. For the purpose of determining the efficiency of cogeneration in accordance with Annex III, the Commission shall, in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 14(2), not later than 21 February 2006, establish harmonised efficiency reference values for separate production of electricity and heat. These harmonised efficiency reference values shall consist of a matrix of values differentiated by relevant factors, including year of construction and types of fuel, and must be based on a well-documented analysis taking, inter alia, into account data from operational use under realistic conditions, cross-border exchange of electricity, fuel mix and climate conditions as well as applied cogeneration technologies in accordance with the principles in Annex III. 2. The Commission shall, in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 14(2), review the harmonised efficiency reference values for separate production of electricity and heat referred to in paragraph 1, for the first time on 21 February 2011, and every four years thereafter, to take account of technological developments and changes in the distribution of energy sources.

(1) Pe baza valorilor de referin armonizate ale randamentului, prevzute la articolul 4 alineatul (1), statele membre, nu mai trziu de ase luni de la adoptarea acestor valori, se asigur c originea energiei electrice produse prin cogenerare cu randament ridicat poate fi garantat n conformitate cu criterii obiective, transparente i nediscriminatorii stabilite de fiecare stat membru. Acestea iau msuri pentru ca aceast garanie de origine a energiei electrice s permit productorilor s demonstreze c energia electric pe care o vnd este produs prin cogenerare cu randament ridicat i s fie emis n a acest scop, ca rspuns la o solicitare din partea productorului. (2) Statele membre pot desemna unul sau mai multe organisme competente, independente de activitile de producie i distribuie, pentru a superviza emiterea garaniei de origine menionate la alineatul (1).

3. Member States implementing this Directive before the establishment by the Commission of harmonised efficiency reference values for separate production of electricity and heat referred to in paragraph 1, should,

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until the date referred to in paragraph 1, adopt their national efficiency reference values for separate production of heat and electricity to be used for the calculation of primary energy savings from cogeneration in accordance with the methodology set out in Annex III. (3) Statele membre sau organismele competente asigur mecanisme adecvate astfel nct garania de origine s fie att corect, ct i fiabil i specific, n raportul prevzut la articolul 10 alineatul (1), msurile luate pentru asigurarea fiabilitii sistemului de garantare. (4) Programele pentru garantarea originii nu implic, de Article 5 la sine, dreptul de a beneficia de mecanismele naionale de sprijin. (5) O garanie de origine: Guarantee of origin of electricity from high-efficiency cogeneration 1. On the basis of the harmonised efficiency reference - precizeaz puterea calorific inferioar a sursei de values referred to in Article 4(1), Member States shall, combustibil din care a fost produs energia electric, modul de utilizare a energiei termice produse mpreun not later than six months after adoption of these values, ensure that the origin of electricity produced from highcu energia electric, precum i datele i locurile de producere; efficiency cogeneration can be guaranteed according to objective, transparent and non-discriminatory criteria laid down by each Member State. They shall ensure that this guarantee of origin of the electricity enable producers to demonstrate that the electricity they sell is produced from high efficiency cogeneration and is issued to this effect in response to a request from the producer. - precizeaz cantitatea de energie electric produs prin 2. Member States may designate one or more competent bodies, independent of generation and cogenerare cu randament ridicat, n conformitate cu distribution activities, to supervise the issue of the anexa II, pe care o reprezint garania; guarantee of origin referred to in paragraph 1. - precizeaz economiile de energie primar calculate n 3. Member States or the competent bodies shall put in conformitate cu anexa III, pe baza valorilor de referin place appropriate mechanisms to ensure that the guarantee of origin are both accurate and reliable and armonizate ale randamentului, stabilite de ctre they shall outline in the report referred to in Article 10 Comisie, astfel cum sunt prevzute la articolul 4 (1) the measures taken to ensure the reliability of the alineatul (1). guarantee system. Statele membre pot include informaii suplimentare 4. Schemes for the guarantee of origin do not by privind garania de origine. themselves imply a right to benefit from national support mechanisms. (6) Astfel de garanii de origine, emise n conformitate 5. A guarantee of origin shall: cu dispoziiile alineatului (1), trebuie s fie recunoscute reciproc de statele membre, exclusiv ca dovad a elementelor menionate la alineatul (5). Orice refuz de a recunoate o garanie de origine ca astfel de dovad, n special din motive legate de prevenirea fraudelor, trebuie s se ntemeieze pe criterii obiective, transparente i nediscriminatorii. - specify the lower calorific value of the fuel source from n cazul refuzului de recunoatere a garaniei de origine, Comisia poate obliga partea care refuz s which the electricity was produced, specify the use of recunoasc garania, n special n ceea ce privete the heat generated together with the electricity and criteriile obiective, transparente i nediscriminatorii pe finally specify the dates and places of production, care se ntemeiaz o astfel de recunoatere. Articolul 6 - specify the quantity of electricity from high efficiency cogeneration in accordance with Annex II that the guarantee represents,

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- specify the primary energy savings calculated in accordance with Annex III based on harmonised efficiency reference values established by the Commission as referred to in Article 4(1). (1) Statele membre efectueaz o analiz a potenialului Member States may include additional information on naional pentru aplicarea cogenerrii cu randament the guarantee of origin. ridicat, inclusiv a microcogenerrii cu randament ridicat. (2) Analiza: 6. Such guarantees of origin, issued according to paragraph 1, should be mutually recognised by the Member States, exclusively as proof of the elements referred in paragraph 5. Any refusal to recognise a guarantee of origin as such proof, in particular for reasons relating to the prevention of fraud, must be based on objective, transparent and non-discriminatory criteria. - se ntemeiaz pe date tiinifice bine documentate i In the event of refusal to recognise a guarantee of respect criteriile enumerate n anexa IV; origin, the Commission may compel the refusing party to recognise it, particularly with regard to objective, transparent and non-discriminatory criteria on which such recognition is based. - identific ntregul potenial pentru cererile de energie termic util i de rcire, pentru care se poate aplica cogenerarea cu randament ridicat, precum i disponibilitatea combustibililor i altor resurse energetice care ar urma s fie folosite n cogenerare; Article 6 - include o analiz separat a barierelor care ar putea mpiedica realizarea potenialului naional pentru cogenerarea cu randament ridicat. Aceast analiz trebuie s ia n considerare, n mod deosebit, barierele legate de preuri i costuri i de accesul la combustibili, barierele legate de problemele sistemului energetic, barierele legate de procedurile administrative i barierele legate de lipsa internalizrii costurilor externe n preurile energiei. (3) Statele membre evalueaz progresul n direcia National potentials for high-efficiency cogeneration creterii ponderii de cogenerare cu randament ridicat, pentru prima dat pn la 21 februarie 2007 i dup aceea din patru n patru ani, ca urmare a unei solicitri din partea Comisiei cu cel puin ase luni nainte de data scadent. Articolul 7 1. Member States shall establish an analysis of the national potential for the application of high-efficiency cogeneration, including high-efficiency microcogeneration. Programe de sprijin 2. The analysis shall: (1) Statele membre se asigur c sprijinul pentru cogenerare uniti existente i viitoare se bazeaz pe cererea de energie termic util i economiile de energie primar, n lumina oportunitilor disponibile pentru reducerea cererii de energie prin alte msuri fezabile din punct de vedere economic sau avantajoase pentru mediu, cum ar fi alte msuri de eficien energetic. (2) Fr a aduce atingere articolelor 87 i 88 din tratat, Comisia evalueaz aplicarea mecanismelor de sprijin utilizate n statele membre, conform crora un productor de energie n cogenerare primete, pe baza - be based on well-documented scientific data and comply with the criteria listed in Annex IV,

Poteniale naionale pentru cogenerare cu randament ridicat

- identify all potential for useful heating and cooling demands, suitable for application of high-efficiency cogeneration, as well as the availability of fuels and other energy resources to be utilised in cogeneration,

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reglementrilor emise de autoritile publice, sprijin direct sau indirect, care ar putea avea ca efect restrngerea schimburilor comerciale. Comisia analizeaz dac aceste mecanisme contribuie la - include a separate analysis of barriers, which may prevent the realisation of the national potential for highatingerea obiectivelor prevzute la articolul 6 i la articolul 174 alineatul (1) din tratat. efficiency cogeneration. In particular, this analysis shall consider barriers relating to the prices and costs of and access to fuels, barriers in relation to grid system issues, barriers in relation to administrative procedures, and barriers relating to the lack of internalisation of the external costs in energy prices. 3. Member States shall for the first time not later than (3) n raportul menionat la articolul 11, Comisia prezint o analiz bine fundamentat privind experiena 21 February 2007 and thereafter every four years, following a request by the Commission at least six dobndit din aplicarea i coexistena diferitelor mecanisme de sprijin menionate la alineatul. (2) din months before the due date, evaluate progress towards prezentul articol. Raportul evalueaz succesul, inclusiv increasing the share of high-efficiency cogeneration. rentabilitatea, sistemelor de sprijin n promovarea utilizrii cogenerrii cu randament ridicat, n conformitate cu potenialele naionale menionate la articolul 6. Raportul examineaz, de asemenea, n ce msur programele de sprijin au contribuit la crearea unor condiii stabile pentru investiii n cogenerare. Articolul 8 Probleme legate de reeaua electric i de tarifare (1) n scopul asigurrii transportului i distribuiei energiei electrice produse prin cogenerare cu randament ridicat, se aplic dispoziiile articolului 7 alineatele (1), (2) i (5) din Directiva 2001/77/CE, precum i dispoziiile relevante din Directiva 2003/54/CE. (2) Pn cnd productorul de energie prin cogenerare devine client eligibil n condiiile legislaiei interne, n nelesul articolului 21 alineatul (1) din Directiva 2003/54/CE, statele membre ar trebui s ia msurile necesare pentru a se asigura c tarifele pentru achiziionarea de energie electric drept energie de rezerv sau de completare sunt stabilite pe baza tarifelor, clauzelor i condiiilor publicate. (3) Sub rezerva notificrii Comisiei, statele membre pot facilita accesul la reeaua de energie electric produs prin cogenerare cu randament ridicat de ctre uniti la scar redus i de microcogenerare. Article 7 Support schemes

1. Member States shall ensure that support for cogeneration - existing and future units - is based on the useful heat demand and primary energy savings, in the light of opportunities available for reducing energy demand through other economically feasible or environmental advantageous measures like other energy efficiency measures. 2. Without prejudice to Articles 87 and 88 of the Treaty, the Commission shall evaluate the application of support mechanisms used in Member States according to which a producer of cogeneration receives, on the basis of regulations issued by public authorities, direct or indirect support, which could have the effect of restricting trade. The Commission shall consider whether those mechanisms contribute to the pursuit of the objectives set out in Articles 6 and 174(1) of the Treaty. 3. The Commission shall in the report referred to in Article 11 present a well-documented analysis on experience gained with the application and coexistence of the different support mechanisms referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article. The report shall assess the success, including cost-effectiveness, of the support systems in promoting the use of high-efficiency cogeneration in conformity with the national potentials referred to in Article 6. The report shall further review

Articolul 9

Proceduri administrative

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to what extent the support schemes have contributed to the creation of stable conditions for investments in cogeneration. (1) Statele membre sau organismele competente desemnate de statele membre evalueaz cadrul legislativ i normativ existent, cu privire la procedurile de autorizare sau celelalte proceduri prevzute la articolul 6 din Directiva 2003/54/CE, care se aplic unitilor de cogenerare cu randament ridicat. O astfel de evaluare are n vedere:

Article 8

(a) ncurajarea proiectrii de uniti de cogenerare care Electricity grid system and tariff issues s rspund cererilor, justificate din punct de vedere economic, de energie termic util i evitarea producerii unei cantiti de energie termic mai mare dect necesarul de energie termic util; (b) reducerea barierelor normative i de alt tip care stau 1. For the purpose of ensuring the transmission and n calea cogenerrii; distribution of electricity produced from high-efficiency cogeneration the provisions of Article 7(1), (2) and (5) of Directive 2001/77/EC as well as the relevant provisions of Directive 2003/54/EC shall apply. (c) fluidizarea i accelerarea procedurilor la nivelul 2. Until the cogeneration producer is an eligible administrativ adecvat i customer under national legislation within the meaning of Article 21(1) of Directive 2003/54/EC, Member States should take the necessary measures to ensure that the tariffs for the purchase of electricity to back-up or topup electricity generation are set on the basis of published tariffs and terms and conditions. (d) asigurarea ca normele s fie obiective, transparente 3. Subject to notification to the Commission, Member i nediscriminatorii i luarea n considerare pe deplin a States may particularly facilitate access to the grid system of electricity produced from high-efficiency particularitilor diferitelor tehnologii de cogenerare. cogeneration from small scale and micro cogeneration units. (2) Statele membre ofer cnd acest lucru este adecvat n contextul legislaiei interne indicii privind etapa la care s-a ajuns, n mod special n ceea ce privete urmtoarele aspecte: (a) coordonarea ntre diferite organisme administrative Article 9 n ceea ce privete termenele, recepia i prelucrarea cererilor de autorizare; (b) elaborarea unor posibile orientri pentru activitile Administrative procedures menionate la alineatul (1) i fezabilitatea unei proceduri rapide de planificare pentru productorii de energie n sistem de cogenerare; (c) desemnarea autoritilor care s acioneze ca 1. Member States or the competent bodies appointed by mediatori n litigiile dintre autoritile responsabile the Member States shall evaluate the existing legislative pentru eliberarea autorizaiilor i solicitanii de and regulatory framework with regard to authorisation autorizaii. procedures or the other procedures laid down in Article 6 of Directive 2003/54/EC, which are applicable to highefficiency cogeneration units. Articolul 10 Such evaluation shall be made with a view to: Raportarea de ctre statele membre (a) encouraging the design of cogeneration units to match economically justifiable demands for useful heat output and avoiding production of more heat than useful heat; (1) Nu mai trziu de 21 februarie 2006, statele membre (b) reducing the regulatory and non-regulatory barriers public un raport care cuprinde rezultatele analizei i to an increase in cogeneration; evalurile efectuate n conformitate cu articolul 5

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alineatul (3), articolul 6 alineatul (1), articolul 9 alineatele (1) i (2). (2) Nu mai trziu de 21 februarie 2007 i apoi din patru (c) streamlining and expediting procedures at the n patru ani, la cererea Comisiei, cu cel puin ase luni appropriate administrative level; and nainte de data scadent, statele membre public un raport care s conin rezultatul evalurii prevzute la articolul 6 alineatul (3). (d) ensuring that the rules are objective, transparent (3) Statele membre prezint Comisiei, pentru prima and non-discriminatory, and take fully into account the dat nainte de sfritul lunii decembrie 2004, datele particularities of the various cogeneration technologies. pentru anul 2003 i apoi anual, date statistice privind producia naional de energie electric i energie termic din cogenerare, n conformitate cu metodologia prezentat n anexa II. De asemenea, statele membre prezint statistici anuale 2. Member States shall - where this is appropriate in the privind capacitatea de cogenerare i combustibilii folosii context of national legislation - provide an indication of pentru cogenerare. Statele membre pot prezenta i the stage reached specifically in: statistici privind economiile de energie primar produse prin aplicarea cogenerrii, n conformitate cu metodologia prezentat n anexa III. Articolul 11 (a) coordination between the different administrative bodies as regards deadlines, reception and treatment of applications for authorisations; Raportarea de ctre Comisie (b) the drawing up of possible guidelines for the activities referred to in paragraph 1, and the feasibility of a fast-track planning procedure for cogeneration producers; and (1) Pe baza rapoartelor prezentate n temeiul articolului (c) the designation of authorities to act as mediators in 10, Comisia analizeaz aplicarea prezentei directive i disputes between authorities responsible for issuing prezint Parlamentului European i Consiliului, nu mai authorisations and applicants for authorisations. trziu de 21 februarie 2008 i apoi din patru n patru ani, un raport privind progresul punerii n aplicare a prezentei directive. Acest raport trebuie s cuprind, n special, urmtoarele: Article 10 (a) evaluarea progresului n direcia realizrii potenialelor naionale de cogenerare cu randament ridicat, menionate la articolul 6; Member States' reporting (b) evaluarea gradului n care normele i procedurile care definesc condiiile-cadru pentru cogenerare pe piaa intern de energie sunt stabilite pe baza unor criterii obiective, transparente i nediscriminatorii, innd seama de avantajele cogenerrii; (c) examinarea experienelor dobndite prin aplicarea i 1. Member States shall, not later than 21 February 2006, publish a report with the results of the analysis coexistena diferitelor mecanisme de sprijin pentru cogenerare; and evaluations carried out in accordance with Articles 5 (3), 6(1), 9(1) and 9(2). 2. Member States shall not later than 21 February 2007 (d) reexaminarea valorilor de referin ale and thereafter every four years, following a request by randamentului pentru producerea separat, pe baza the Commission at least six months before the due tehnologiilor actuale. date, publish a report with the result of the evaluation referred to in Article 6(3). Dup caz, Comisia prezint Parlamentului European i 3. Member States shall submit to the Commission, for Consiliului, pe lng raport, alte propuneri. the first time before the end of December 2004 covering data for the year 2003, and thereafter on an annual basis, statistics on national electricity and heat production from cogeneration, in accordance with the methodology shown in Annex II.

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(2) La evaluarea progresului menionat la alineatul (1) litera (a), Comisia examineaz n ce msur a fost atins potenialul naional de cogenerare cu randament ridicat, menionat la articolul 6, sau msura n care se estimeaz c va fi atins, lund n considerare msurile i condiiile din statele membre, inclusiv condiiile climatice, precum i impactul pe piaa intern de energie i implicaiile altor iniiative comunitare, cum ar fi Directiva 2003/87/CE a Parlamentului European i a Consiliului din 13 octombrie 2003 de stabilire a unui sistem de schimburi comerciale pentru cotele de emisie a gazului cu efect de ser n cadrul Comunitii i de modificare a Directivei 96/61/CE a Consiliului [19]. Dup caz, Comisia prezint Parlamentului European i Consiliului alte propuneri, n special cele care au n vedere stabilirea unui plan de aciune pentru dezvoltarea cogenerrii cu randament ridicat n cadrul Comunitii. (3) La evaluarea posibilitilor de armonizare n continuare a metodelor de calcul menionate la articolul 4 alineatul (1), Comisia examineaz impactul coexistenei calculelor prevzute la articolul 12, anexele II i III, pe piaa intern de energie, lund n considerare n acelai timp experiena dobndit prin aplicarea mecanismelor de sprijin naionale. Dup caz, Comisia prezint Parlamentului European i Consiliului i alte propuneri care au ca scop armonizarea n continuare a metodelor de calcul. Articolul 12

They shall also submit annual statistics on cogeneration capacities and fuels used for cogeneration. Member States may also submit statistics on primary energy savings achieved by application of cogeneration, in accordance with the methodology shown in Annex III.

Article 11

Commission reporting

Calcule alternative

1. On the basis of the reports submitted pursuant to Article 10, the Commission shall review the application of this Directive and submit to the European Parliament and to the Council not later than 21 February 2008 and thereafter every four years, a progress report on the implementation of this Directive. In particular, the report shall:

(1) Pn la sfritul anului 2010 i sub rezerva aprobrii (a) consider progress towards realising national prealabile de ctre Comisie, statele membre pot folosi potentials for high-efficiency cogeneration referred to in alte metode dect cea prevzut n anexa II litera (b), Article 6; pentru a scdea din cifrele raportate posibila cantitate de energie electric care nu a fost produs n proces de cogenerare. Cu toate acestea, n sensul celor menionate la articolul 5 alineatul (1) i la articolul 10 alineatul (3), cantitatea de energie electric produs prin cogenerare se determin n conformitate cu anexa II. (b) assess the extent to which rules and procedures (2) Statele membre pot calcula economiile de energie defining the framework conditions for cogeneration in primar rezultate ca urmare a producerii de energie termic i energie electric i mecanic n conformitate the internal energy market are set on the basis of objective, transparent and non-discriminatory criteria cu anexa III litera (c), fr a utiliza anexa II pentru a exclude din acest proces cantitile de energia termic taking due account of the benefits of cogeneration; i energie electric ce nu sunt rezultate din cogenerare. O astfel de producie poate fi considerat ca fiind cogenerare cu randament ridicat, cu condiia s ndeplineasc criteriile de randament stabillite n anexa III litera (a) i pentru unitile de cogenerare cu capacitate electric mai mare de 25 MW randamentul global s fie peste 70 %. Cu toate acestea, specificarea cantitii de energie electric produse prin cogenerare n

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contextul acestei producii, pentru emiterea unei garanii de origine i n scop statistic, se determin n conformitate cu anexa II. (3) Pn la sfritul anului 2010, statele membre, folosind o metodologie alternativ, pot determina dac o cogenerare este cu randament ridicat fr a verifica dac producerea prin cogenerare ndeplinete criteriile din anexa III litera (a), atunci cnd se dovedete la nivel naional c producerea n sistem de cogenerare identificat de o astfel de metodologie alternativ de calcul ndeplinete n medie criteriile din anexa III litera (a). Dac se emite o garanie de origine pentru o astfel de producere de energie, atunci randamentul producerii n cogenerare specificat n garanie nu trebuie s depeasc valorile limit ale criteriilor din anexa III litera (a), cu excepia cazului n care calculele efectuate n conformitate cu anexa III dovedesc contrariul. Cu toate acestea, specificarea cantitii de energie electric produse prin cogenerare n contextul acestei producii, pentru emiterea unei garanii de origine i n scop statistic, se determin n conformitate cu anexa II. Articolul 13

(c) examine the experiences gained with the application and coexistence of different support mechanisms for cogeneration;

(d) review efficiency reference values for separate production on the basis of the current technologies. Revizuire If appropriate, the Commission shall submit with the report further proposals to the European Parliament and the Council. 2. When evaluating the progress referred to in (1) Valorile limit utilizate pentru calculul energiei electrice produse prin cogenerare menionate n anexa paragraph 1(a), the Commission shall consider to what extent the national potentials for high-efficiency II litera (a) se adapteaz la progresul tehnic n cogeneration, referred to in Article 6, have been or are conformitate cu procedura prevzut la articolul 14 foreseen to be realised taking into account Member alineatul (2). State measures, conditions, including climate conditions, and impacts of the internal energy market and implications of other Community initiatives such as Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC(19). (2) Valorile limit utilizate pentru calculul randamentului If appropriate, the Commission shall submit further produciei prin cogenerare i a economiilor de energie proposals to the European Parliament and Council, primar menionate la anexa III litera (a) se adapteaz notably aiming at the establishment of an action plan for the development of high efficiency cogeneration in la progresul tehnic n conformitate cu procedura the Community. prevzut la articolul 14 alineatul (2). (3) Orientrile pentru determinarea raportului dintre 3. When evaluating the scope for further harmonisation energia electric i energia termic menionate n anexa of calculation methods as referred to in Article 4(1), the II litera (d) se adapteaz la progresul tehnic n Commission shall consider the impact of the coexistence conformitate cu procedura prevzut la articolul 14 of calculations as referred to in Article 12, Annex II and Annex III, on the internal energy market also taking alineatul (2). into account the experiences gained from national support mechanisms. Articolul 14 If appropriate, the Commission shall submit further proposals to the European Parliament and Council aiming at further harmonisation of the calculation methods. Procedura comitetului (1) Comisia este asistat de un comitet. Article 12

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(2) Atunci cnd se face trimitere la prezentul alineat, se Alternative calculations aplic articolele 5 i 7 din Decizia 1999/468/CE, innd seama de dispoziiile articolului 8 din decizia respectiv. Perioada prevzut la articolul 5 alineatul (6) din Decizia 1. Until the end of 2010 and subject to prior approval 1999/468/CE se stabilete la trei luni. by the Commission, Member States may use other methods than the one provided for in Annex II(b) to subtract possible electricity production not produced in a cogeneration process from the reported figures. However, for the purposes referred to in Article 5(1) and in Article 10(3), the quantity of electricity from cogeneration shall be determined in accordance with Annex II. (3) Comitetul i adopt regulamentul de procedur. 2. Member States may calculate primary energy savings from a production of heat and electricity and mechanical energy according to Annex III(c), without using Annex II to exclude the non-cogenerated heat and electricity parts of the same process. Such a production can be regarded as high-efficiency cogeneration provided it fulfils the efficiency criteria in Annex III(a) and, for cogeneration units with an electrical capacity larger than 25 MW, the overall efficiency is above 70 %. However, specification of the quantity of electricity from cogeneration produced in such a production, for issuing a guarantee of origin and for statistical purposes, shall be determined in accordance with Annex II. Articolul 15 3. Until the end of 2010, Member States may, using an alternative methodology, define a cogeneration as highefficiency cogeneration without verifying that the cogeneration production fulfils the criteria in Annex III (a), if it is proved on national level that the cogeneration production identified by such an alternative calculation methodology on average fulfils the criteria in Annex III(a). If a guarantee of origin is issued for such production then the efficiency of the cogeneration production specified on the guarantee shall not exceed the threshold values of the criteria in Annex III(a) unless calculations in accordance with Annex III prove otherwise. However, specification of the quantity of electricity from cogeneration produced in such a production, for issuing a guarantee of origin and for statistical purposes, shall be determined in accordance with Annex II. Transpunere Statele membre pun n aplicare actele cu putere de lege Article 13 i actele administrative necesare pentru a se conforma prezentei directive pn la 21 februarie 2006. Statele membre informeaz de ndat Comisia cu privire la aceasta. Cnd statele membre adopt aceste dispoziii, ele conin Review o trimitere la prezenta directiv sau sunt nsoite de o asemenea trimitere n momentul publicrii lor oficiale. Statele membre stabilesc modalitatea de efectuare a acestei trimiteri. 1. The threshold values used for calculation of electricity Articolul 16 from cogeneration referred to in Annex II(a) shall be adapted to technical progress in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 14(2).

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Modificare la Directiva 92/42/CEE

La articolul 3 alineatul (1) din Directiva 92/42/CEE se introduce urmtoarea liniu:

2. The threshold values used for calculation of efficiency of cogeneration production and primary energy savings referred to in Annex III(a) shall be adapted to technical progress in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 14(2). 3. The guidelines for determining the power to heat ratio referred to in Annex II(d) shall be adapted to technical progress in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 14(2).

- " unitile de cogenerare, astfel cum sunt definite n Directiva 2004/8/CE a Parlamentului European i a Consiliului din 11 februarie 2004 privind promovarea cogenerrii bazate pe cererea de energie electric util pe piaa intern de energie []. Articolul 17 Article 14 Intrare n vigoare Prezenta directiv intr n vigoare la data publicrii n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene. Articolul 18 Committee procedure 1. The Commission shall be assisted by a Committee. 2. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Articles 5 and 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof. The period laid down in Article 5(6) of Decision 1999/468/EC shall be set at three months. 3. The Committee shall adopt its rules of procedure. Article 15 Transposition Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive not later than 21 February 2006. They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof. When Member States adopt these measures, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. The Member States shall lay down the methods of making such reference. Article 16 Amendment to Directive 92/42/EEC The following indent shall be added to Article 3(1) of Directive 92/42/EEC: "- cogeneration units as defined in Directive 2004/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 on the promotion of cogeneration based on useful heat demand in the internal energy market (20)."

Destinatari Prezenta directiv se adreseaz statelor membre. Adoptat la Strasburg, 11 februarie 2004. Pentru Parlamentul European Preedintele

P. Cox

Pentru Consiliu Preedintele M. McDowell [1] JO C 291 E, 26.11.2002, p. 182. [2] JO C 95, 23.4.2003, p. 12.

[3] JO C 244, 10.10.2003, p. 1. Article 17 [4] Avizul Parlamentului European din 13 mai 2003 (nepublicat nc n Jurnalul Oficial), Poziia comun a Consiliului din 8 septembrie 2003 (nepublicat nc n Jurnalul Oficial) i Poziia Parlamentului European din 18 decembrie 2003 (nepublicat nc n Jurnalul Oficial). [5] JO L 176, 15.7.2003, p. 37. Entry into force

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[6] JO C 140 E, 13.6.2002, p. 543.

This Directive shall enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union. Article 18 Addressees This Directive is addressed to the Member States. Done at Strasbourg, 11 February 2004. For the European Parliament The President P. Cox

[7] JO C 273 E, 14.11.2003, p. 172. [8] JO C 4, 8.1.1998, p. 1. [9] JO C 167, 1.6.1998, p. 308. [10] JO C 343, 5.12.2001, p. 190. [11] JO C 257, 10.10.1996, p. 26. [12] JO L 309, 27.11.2001, p. 1. [13] JO L 332, 28.12.2000, p. 91. [14] JO L 1, 4.1.2003, p. 65. [15] JO L 283, 27.10.2001, p. 33. [16] JO C 37, 3.2.2001, p. 3.

[17] JO L 167, 22.6.1992, p. 17. Directiv, astfel cum a fost modificat ultima dat prin Directiva 93/68/CEE (JO L 220, 30.8.1993, p. 1). [18] JO L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23. For the Council [19] JO L 275, 25.10.2003, p. 32. [] JO L 52, 21.2.2004, p. 50." -------------------------------------------------20040211 ANEXA I Tehnologii de cogenerare care intr sub incidena prezentei directive (a) Turbin de gaz cu ciclu combinat cu recuperare de cldur (1) OJ C 291 E, 26.11.2002, p. 182. (2) OJ C 95, 23.4.2003, p. 12. (3) OJ C 244, 10.10.2003, p. 1. (4) Opinion of the European Parliament of 13 May 2003 (not yet published in the Official Journal), Council Common Position of 8 September 2003 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and Position of the European Parliament of 18 December 2003 (not yet published in the Official Journal). (5) OJ L 176, 15.7.2003, p. 37. (6) OJ C 140 E, 13.6.2002, p. 543. (7) OJ C 273 E, 14.11.2003, p. 172. (8) OJ C 4, 8.1.1998, p. 1. (9) OJ C 167, 1.6.1998, p. 308. (10) OJ C 343, 5.12.2001, p. 190. (11) OJ C 257, 10.10.1996, p. 26. (12) OJ L 309, 27.11.2001, p. 1. (13) OJ L 332, 28.12.2000, p. 91. (14) OJ L 1, 4.1.2003, p. 65. The President M. McDowell

(b) Turbin de abur cu contrapresiune (c) Turbin de abur cu condensaie (d) Turbin de gaz cu recuperare de cldur (e) Motor cu ardere intern (f) Microturbine (g) Motoare Stirling (h) Pile de combustie (i) Motoare cu abur (j) Cicluri Rankine pentru biomas (k) Orice alt tip de tehnologie sau combinaii ale acestora, care intr sub incidena definiiei stabilite la articolul 3 litera (a). -------------------------------------------------20040211 ANEXA II

(15) OJ L 283, 27.10.2001, p. 33. (16) OJ C 37, 3.2.2001, p. 3. (17) OJ L 167, 22.6.1992, p. 17. Directive as last amended by Directive 93/68/EEC (OJ L 220, 30.8.1993, p. 1). (18) OJ L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23. (19) OJ L 275, 25.10.2003, p. 32.

Calculul energiei electrice produse prin cogenerare Valorile folosite pentru calculul energiei electrice produse prin cogenerare se determin pe baza

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exploatrii estimate sau efective a unitii n condiii normale de utilizare. Pentru unitile de microcogenerare, calculul se poate baza pe valori certificate. (20) OJ L 52, 21.2.2004, p. 50. (a) Producia de energie electric din cogenerare se consider egal cu producia total anual de energie electric a unitii respective, msurat la ieirea din generatoarele principale; (i) n unitile de cogenerare de tip (b), (d), (e), (f), (g) i (h) menionate la anexa I, cu un randament global anual stabilit de statele membre la un nivel minim de 75 % i (ii) n uniti de cogenerare de tip (a) i (c) menionate n anexa I, cu un randament global anual stabilit de statele membre la un nivel de minim 80 %. (b) n unitile de cogenerare cu un randament global anual mai mic dect valoarea prevzut la litera (a) punctul (i) [uniti de cogenerare de tipul (b), (d), (e), (f), (g) i (h) menionate n anexa I] sau cu un randament global anual sub valoarea menionat la litera (a) punctul (ii) [uniti de cogenerare de tip (a) i (c) menionate n anexa I], cogenerarea se calculeaz cu urmtoarea formul: ECHP = HCHP C ANNEX I unde: ECHP este cantitatea de energie electric produs prin cogenerare C este raportul dintre energia electric i energia termic HCHP este cantitatea de energie termic util produs prin cogenerare (calculat, n acest s ens, ca producia total de energie termic minus orice cantitate de energie termic produs n cazane separate sau prin extracie de abur viu din generatorul de abur, nainte de turbin). Calculul energiei electrice produse prin cogenerare trebuie s aib la baz raportul efectiv dintre energia electric i energia termic. Dac nu se cunoate raportul efectiv dintre energia electric i energia termic a unei uniti de cogenerare, se pot folosi urmtoarele valori implicite, n special pentru scopuri statistice, pentru uniti de tip (a), (b), (c), (d) i (e) menionate la anexa I, cu condiia ca energia electric produs n cogenerare s fie mai mic sau egal cu producia de energie electric total a unitii: Tipul unitii | Raportul energie electric/energie termic, C (valori implicite) | Turbin de gaz n ciclu combinat, cu recuperare de cldur | 0,95 | Turbin de abur cu contrapresiune | 0,45 | Turbin de abur cu condensaie | 0,45 | Turbin de gaz cu recuperare de cldur | 0,55 | Motor cu ardere intern | 0,75 | Dac statele membre introduc valori implicite pentru raportul dintre energia electric i energia termic pentru unitile de tipul (f), (g), (h), (i), (j) i (k) Cogeneration technologies covered by this Directive (a) Combined cycle gas turbine with heat recovery (b) Steam backpressure turbine

(c) Steam condensing extraction turbine

(d) Gas turbine with heat recovery (e) Internal combustion engine (f) Microturbines (g) Stirling engines (h) Fuel cells (i) Steam engines (j) Organic Rankine cycles

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menionate n anexa I, aceste valori implicite trebuie s fie publicate i notificate Comisiei. (c) Dac o parte din coninutul de energie al consumului (k) Any other type of technology or combination thereof de combustibil din procesul de cogenerare este falling under the definition laid down in Article 3(a) recuperat sub form de produse chimice i reciclat, aceast parte poate fi sczut din consumul de combustibil nainte de calcularea randamentului global utilizat la literele (a) i (b). (d) Statele membre pot determina raportul dintre energia electric i energia termic util n cazul funcionrii n regim de cogenerare la o capacitate sczut, utiliznd datele operaionale ale unei uniti specifice. (e) Comisia, n conformitate cu procedura prevzut la articolul 14 alineatul (2), stabilete orientri detaliate pentru punerea n aplicare i aplicarea propriu-zis a dispoziiilor anexei II, inclusiv determinarea raportului dintre energia electric i energia termic. (f) Statele membre pot utiliza alte perioade de raportare ANNEX II n afar de cea anual, pentru calculele de la literele (a) i (b). -------------------------------------------------20040211 ANEXA III Calculation of electricity from cogeneration Values used for calculation of electricity from cogeneration shall be determined on the basis of the expected or actual operation of the unit under normal conditions of use. For micro-cogeneration units the calculation may be based on certified values. Metodologia de determinare a randamentului procesului (a) Electricity production from cogeneration shall be de cogenerare considered equal to total annual electricity production of the unit measured at the outlet of the main generators; (i) in cogeneration units of type (b), (d), (e), (f), (g) Valorile utilizate pentru calculul randamentului and (h) referred to in Annex I, with an annual overall cogenerrii i a economiilor de energie primar se determin pe baza exploatrii estimate sau efective a efficiency set by Member States at a level of at least 75 unitii, n condiii normale de utilizare. %, and (ii) in cogeneration units of type (a) and (c) referred to (a) Cogenerarea cu randament ridicat in Annex I with an annual overall efficiency set by Member States at a level of at least 80 %. n sensul prezentei directive, cogenerarea cu randament (b) In cogeneration units with an annual overall ridicat ndeplinete urmtoarele criterii: efficiency below the value referred to in paragraph (a) (i) (cogeneration units of type (b), (d), (e), (f), (g), and (h) referred to in Annex I) or with an annual overall efficiency below the value referred to in paragraph (a) (ii) (cogeneration units of type (a) and (c) referred to in Annex I) cogeneration is calculated according to the following formula: - producia n sistem de cogenerare de la unitile de E CHP = HCHP. C cogenerare asigur economii de energie primar calculate n conformitate cu litera (b) de cel puin 10 %, comparativ cu valorile de referin pentru producerea separat de energie electric i termic; where: - producia de la unitile la scar redus i de la unitile de micro-cogenerare care asigur economii de energie primar poate fi considerat drept cogenerare cu randament ridicat. (b) Calculul economiilor de energie primar E CHP is the amount of electricity from cogeneration

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Cantitatea de economii de energie primar rezultat n urma producerii n sistem de cogenerare, definit n conformitate cu anexa II, se calculeaz pe baza urmtoarei formule: +++++ TIFF +++++

C is the power to heat ratio

1PES =1-x100 %CHP CHP +Ref Ref

unde: PES reprezint economiile de energie primar.

HCHP is the amount of useful heat from cogeneration (calculated for this purpose as total heat production minus any heat produced in separate boilers or by live steam extraction from the steam generator before the turbine). The calculation of electricity from cogeneration must be based on the actual power to heat ratio. If the actual power to heat ratio of a cogeneration unit is not known, the following default values may be used, notably for statistical purposes, for units of type (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) referred to in Annex I provided that the calculated cogeneration electricity is less or equal to total electricity production of the unit: >TABLE> If Member States introduce default values for power to heat ratios for units of type (f), (g), (h), (i), (j) and (k) referred to in Annex I, such default values shall be published and shall be notified to the Commission. (c) If a share of the energy content of the fuel input to the cogeneration process is recovered in chemicals and recycled this share can be subtracted from the fuel input before calculating the overall efficiency used in paragraphs (a) and (b). (d) Member States may determine the power to heat ratio as the ratio between electricity and useful heat when operating in cogeneration mode at a lower capacity using operational data of the specific unit. (e) The Commission shall, in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 14(2), establish detailed guidelines for the implementation and application of Annex II, including the determination of the power to heat ratio.

CHP reprezint randamentul termic al produciei prin cogenerare, definit ca raport ntre producia anual de energie termic util i consumul de combustibil utilizat pentru producerea de energie termic util i energie electric din cogenerare. Ref reprezint valoarea de referin a randamentului pentru producerea separat de energie termic.

CHP reprezint randamentul electric al produciei prin cogenerare, definit ca raport ntre producia anual de energie electric produs prin cogenerare i consumul de combustibil utilizat pentru producerea sumei dintre producia de energia termic util i energia electric din cogenerare. n cazul n care o unitate de cogenerare produce energie mecanic, cantitatea anual de energie electric produs prin cogenerare poate fi mrit cu un factor suplimentar, care reprezint cantitatea de energie electric echivalent cu cea de energie mecanic. Acest element suplimentar nu va crea dreptul de emitere a garaniilor de origine, n conformitate cu articolul 5. Ref reprezint valoarea de referin a randamentului (f) Member States may use other reporting periods than one year for the purpose of the calculations according pentru producerea separat de energie electric. to paragraphs (a) and (b). (c) Calculul economiilor de energie primar n cazul utilizrii metodei de calcul alternativ, n conformitate cu articolul 12 alineatul (2) Dac economiile de energie primar pentru un procedeu sunt calculate n conformitate cu articolul 12 alineatul (2), economiile de energie primar se calculeaz cu formula de la litera (b) din prezenta anex, nlocuind: "CHP " cu "" i ANNEX III "CHP " cu "", unde: Methodology for determining the efficiency of the

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reprezint randamentul termic al procesului, definit ca raport ntre producia anual de energie termic i consumul de combustibil utilizat pentru producerea sumei dintre producia de energie termic i producia de energie electric. reprezint randamentul electric al procesului, definit ca raport ntre producia de energie electric i consumul de combustibil utilizat pentru producerea sumei dintre producia de energie termic i producia de energie electric. n cazul n care o unitate de cogenerare genereaz energie mecanic, energia electric produs anual prin cogenerare poate fi mrit printr-un element suplimentar, care reprezint cantitatea de energie electric echivalent cu cea de energie mecanic. Acest factor suplimentar nu va crea dreptul de a emite garanii de origine, n conformitate cu articolul 5. (d) Statele membre pot utiliza alte perioade de raportare, n afar de cea anual, pentru calculele efectuate n conformitate cu literele (b) i (c) din prezenta anex. (e) Pentru uniti de microcogenerare, calculul economiilor de energie primar se poate baza pe date certificate. (f) Valorile de referin ale randamentului pentru producerea separat de energie electric i termic

cogeneration process Values used for calculation of efficiency of cogeneration and primary energy savings shall be determined on the basis of the expected or actual operation of the unit under normal conditions of use. (a) High-efficiency cogeneration

For the purpose of this Directive high-efficiency cogeneration shall fulfil the following criteria:

Principiile pentru definirea valorilor de referin ale randamentului pentru producerea separat de energie electric i termic, menionate la articolul 14 alineatul (1) i n formula prezentat la litera (b) din prezenta anex, stabilesc randamentul de exploatare a producerii separate de energie electric i termic pe care cogenerarea intenioneaz s o nlocuiasc. Valorile de referin ale randamentului se calculeaz n The amount of primary energy savings provided by conformitate cu principiile urmtoare: cogeneration production defined in accordance with Annex II shall be calculated on the basis of the following formula: 1. Pentru unitile de cogenerare definite la articolul 3, >PIC FILE= "L_2004052EN.005902.TIF"> compararea cu producerea separat de energie electric trebuie s aib la baz principiul comparrii acelorai tipuri de combustibil. Where: 2. Fiecare unitate de cogenerare se compar cu tehnologia cea mai bun i justificabil din punct de vedere economic pentru producerea separat de energie electric i termic disponibil pe pia n anul construirii unitii de cogenerare. PES is primary energy savings. 3. Valorile de referin ale randamentului pentru unitile de cogenerare mai vechi de 10 ani se stabilesc pe baza valorilor de referin pentru unitile cu vechime de 10 ani. CHP H is the heat efficiency of the cogeneration 4. Valorile de referin ale randamentului pentru producerea separat de energie electric i termic production defined as annual useful heat output divided reflect diferenele climatice dintre statele membre. by the fuel input used to produce the sum of useful heat output and electricity from cogeneration.

- cogeneration production from cogeneration units shall provide primary energy savings calculated according to point (b) of at least 10 % compared with the references for separate production of heat and electricity, - production from small scale and micro cogeneration units providing primary energy savings may qualify as high-efficiency cogeneration. (b) Calculation of primary energy savings

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ANEXA IV Criterii de analiz a potenialelor naionale pentru cogenerarea cu randament ridicat (a) Analiza potenialelor naionale menionate la articolul 6 trebuie s ia n considerare:

- tipul de combustibili care s-ar putea utiliza pentru atingerea potenialelor de cogenerare, inclusiv consideraii specifice privind potenialul de cretere a utilizrii surselor de energie regenerabile pe pieele naionale de energie termic, prin cogenerare; - tipul de tehnologii de cogenerare enumerate n anexa I, care ar putea fi folosite pentru atingerea potenialului naional; - tipul de producere separat de energie electric i termic sau, dac este fezabil, de energie mecanic, pe care o poate nlocui cogenerarea cu randament ridicat; - o distribuie a potenialului ntre modernizarea capacitilor existente i construcia de noi capaciti.

Ref H is the efficiency reference value for separate heat production. CHP E is the electrical efficiency of the cogeneration production defined as annual electricity from cogeneration divided by the fuel input used to produce the sum of useful heat output and electricity from cogeneration. Where a cogeneration unit generates mechanical energy, the annual electricity from cogeneration may be increased by an additional element representing the amount of electricity which is equivalent to that of mechanical energy. This additional element will not create a right to issue guarantees of origin in accordance with Article 5. Ref E is the efficiency reference value for separate electricity production. (c) Calculations of energy savings using alternative calculation according to Article 12(2) If primary energy savings for a process are calculated in accordance with Article 12(2) the primary energy savings shall be calculated using the formula in paragraph (b) of this Annex replacing: "CHP H" with "H" and

"CHP E" with "E",

where:

H shall mean the heat efficiency of the process, defined as the annual heat output divided by the fuel input used to produce the sum of heat output and electricity output. E shall mean the electricity efficiency of the process, (b) Analiza trebuie s includ mecanismele defined as the annual electricity output divided by the corespunztoare pentru evaluarea rentabilitii fuel input used to produce the sum of heat output and exprimat n economii de energie primar creterii ponderii de cogenerare cu randament ridicat n electricity output. Where a cogeneration unit generates configuraia energetic naional. Analiza rentabilitii mechanical energy, the annual electricity from trebuie s in seama i de angajamentele naionale cogeneration may be increased by an additional acceptate n contextul angajamentelor privind element representing the amount of electricity which is schimbrile climatice acceptate de Comunitate n equivalent to that of mechanical energy. This additional temeiul Protocolului de la Kyoto anexat la Conveniaelement will not create a right to issue guarantees of cadru a Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite privind schimbrile origin in accordance with Article 5. climatice. (c) Analiza potenialului naional de cogenerare trebuie (d) Member States may use other reporting periods than one year for the purpose of the calculations s specifice potenialele pentru orizonturile de timp according to paragraphs (b) and (c) of this Annex. 2010, 2015 i 2020 i s includ, dac este posibil, estimrile de costuri corespunztoare pentru fiecare orizont de timp. -------------------------------------------------(e) For micro-cogeneration units the calculation of primary energy savings may be based on certified data. (f) Efficiency reference values for separate production of heat and electricity The principles for defining the efficiency reference

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values for separate production of heat and electricity referred to in Article 4(1) and in the formula set out in paragraph (b) of this Annex shall establish the operating efficiency of the separate heat and electricity production that cogeneration is intended to substitute. The efficiency reference values shall be calculated according to the following principles: 1. For cogeneration units as defined in Article 3, the comparison with separate electricity production shall be based on the principle that the same fuel categories are compared. 2. Each cogeneration unit shall be compared with the best available and economically justifiable technology for separate production of heat and electricity on the market in the year of construction of the cogeneration unit. 3. The efficiency reference values for cogeneration units older than 10 years of age shall be fixed on the reference values of units of 10 years of age. 4. The efficiency reference values for separate electricity production and heat production shall reflect the climatic differences between Member States.

ANNEX IV Criteria for analysis of national potentials for highefficiency cogeneration (a) The analysis of national potentials referred to in Article 6 shall consider: - the type of fuels that are likely to be used to realise the cogeneration potentials, including specific considerations on the potential for increasing the use of renewable energy sources in the national heat markets via cogeneration, - the type of cogeneration technologies as listed in Annex I that are likely to be used to realise the national potential, - the type of separate production of heat and electricity or, where feasible, mechanical energy that highefficiency cogeneration is likely to substitute, - a division of the potential into modernisation of existing capacity and construction of new capacity. (b) The analysis shall include appropriate mechanisms to assess the cost effectiveness - in terms of primary energy savings - of increasing the share of highefficiency cogeneration in the national energy mix. The analysis of cost effectiveness shall also take into account national commitments accepted in the context of the climate change commitments accepted by the Community pursuant to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. (c) The analysis of the national cogeneration potential shall specify the potentials in relation to the timeframes 2010, 2015 and 2020 and include, where feasible, appropriate cost estimates for each of the timeframes.

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Sus
Gestionat de Oficiul pentru Publicaii

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