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DICTIONAR TEHNIC GENERAL / GENER

ROMANA/ROMANIAN
a colmata (drumul) a acrosa a amorsa a anula a arunca a asana a asterne a atrage atentia asupra a bate cu maiul a cofra a comprima a construction material used to embed rebars, it is generally composed of a mixture of water, cement, sand and sometimes gravel a darama, a demola, inclinat, a taluza, lut laminat, panta, relief a decapa a devia, transparent, abrupt, curbura, deviere, incovoiere, vertical a face imposibil, a exclude, a inlatura a face o contestatie a faramita / a se segrega (la beton) a finisa a grapa a imbina cap la cap a indeparta a inghiti a inventaria a lovi cu maiul a matisa, a altoi, a imbina cap la cap, racord, conexiune dreapta a firului a parafina a poliza a pune in opera a sapa a scoate din functiune a sovai, a ezita, a se clatina a stanta, a perfora a sterge a suci, a scranti a supune aprobarii a taia, a reteza, a razui, a aseza la acelasi nivel a tasa a transporta a trece repede peste a viza aberant aburi ac penetometru accelerator de priza la beton acceptul arheologic achizitie acoperire (risc) acoperire metalica, placare acoperire, tencuiala acoperirea cu pamant vegetal acostament, cant, bancheta, rebord, guler, umeras, umar acumulare (de talie mica) acumulare de apa pe sol, depozitare pe termen scurt adancime de tubare adancimea de excavare adancimea proiectata adancitura aditiv aditiv intarzietor de priza aducere aer antrenat aer oclus aeropurtat afanat afloriment afloriment al faliei afluent afluiere aglomerari de pietre agrement tehnic albie alevrit, mal, namol, praf aliniament alterat, deteriorat alternativ

alunecare amonte amorsa amorsare ampere amplasament amprentat ampriza drumului analiza granulometrica ( pe site ) ancora din otel anrocament ansamblu rotativ de forare antrenor de aer antreprenor antretoaza antretoaza, grinda transversala de legatura intre 2 grinzi principale apa sarata, saramura aparat de reazem aparatoare de noroi la masini aprovizionare cu strat de nisip arbore de cauciuc arc ardei ardezie, sist, gresie areometru argila argila arsa argila grezoasa argila groasa, lut, huma, pamant roditor argila nisipoasa argila prafoasa argila prafoasa nisipoasa arici aripa fata armatura armatura de legatura dintre 2 elemente ale structurii armatura pretensionata armaturile placii asanare asezarea pamantului vegetal pe taluz asfalt asfalt asternere asternut, fundament, baza, stratificare atela autobasculanta auto-camion autocamion cu bena basculanta automacara autostrada speciala cu taxa, bariera a orasului autosustinerea greutatii proprii auxiliar, ajutator aval avansare mecanica a sapei, mars al sapei ax axul de rezemare a grinzii axul drumului azotat de argint bac/ falca bagheta sticla, agitator baie de zgura balast balastiera baliza balon balon cotat baloti de paie balustrazi bancheta de rezemare banda izolatoare banda mediana banda transportatoare ( de alimentare ) bandaj, esarfa bara de acostare barbacana bariera baros, ciocan de piatra sparta batal batal batardou bavura bavura ( prelucrare la rosturi ) bazin de receptie a apelor

bec bena bena basculanta bena cu basculare laterala benzi neegale berbec de soneta ptr batut piloni, mai ( ptr pavaj ) berma beton armat beton autoclavizat beton celular autoclavizat beton de panta beton egalizare beton intern beton nearmat beton pentru structuri beton post tensionat beton precomprimat beton pretensionat betonare betoniera, malaxor, amestecator de fonta biban biela - tirant bitum bitum neparafinos bitum obtinut prin distilare (se mai poate si prin oxidare, vezi cum e in engleza) bitum taiat bloc antiseismic bloc de ancorare blocaj blocaj, sfaramaturi din beton blocare, astupare, oprire boghiu boloboc bolovanis boltar bordura borna borne de reper brat de macara bratele si sapele malaxorului brazdare prin siroirea apei de ploaie brazdat bresa, spartura bucla, a aprinde buiandrug, prag de sus, grinda superioara bulb buldoexcavator buldozer buletin de analiza bulgare bulon de ancorare bulon de centrare bulonat, filetat buloni de ancorare, surub de fundatie buncar bunker de stocare burare, buraj butoi, boloboc, cada, cuva, bazin, rezervor cabina cada cadastru cadere cadru de sprijin cadru prefabricat caiet de sarcini cala, brat de sprijin (la macara) calare calcar cale (pod) cale de rulare cale de rulare (a macaralei) cale pe pod calibru, etalon camasa rulmentului camasuiala camera de cadere camera de vaporizare si tratare camin camin de vizitare camin de vizitare canal canal colector (pt. drenare) canal de scurgere

canalizare canalizare, teava canelura, sant cantonier ( care supravegheaza soseaua) cap evacuare capac de camin capaciate portanta a pilotilor capacitate portanta capat drept capete capital dobandit capsule carabina carcasa care respinge apa, hidrofug, hidrofob, impermeabil care ricoseaza cariera carlig, surub de strangere, etrier, dulie, soclu carlig, tambur de lant, ax, pivot, reductie a capului hidraulic, vartej de foraj carosabil carota carotaj carotiera carter carucior carucior macara casete casiu catarame catarg (al unei macarale) catarg, coloana de macara cavitate ceafa la gratar celochit celula de forta centrifuga de extractie centura centura ocolitoare cercuri de rigidizare cerintele specificatiei tehnice cerintele specificatiilor cerintele trebuie respectate cernere ceva ce masoara forta cheie dinamometrica cheie electrica cheie fixa cheie tubulara cheltuieli indirecte, de regie, intretinere cheson cheson, caseta (pe tavan) chesonat (cu goluri) chinga de lant chitanta chiuneta, element scurgere apa chiuveta cilindrare cilindrare cilindru compactor cu picior de oaie cilindru compactor pe pneuri cilindru de deburare, curatitor cilindru de otel cu piston cilindru, cilindru compactor cimbru cimentare, umplere a golurilor cu mortar ciocanire a cusaturii sudate, ecruisare ciorba ciorba de burta circulatie pe un singur rand cisterna

Cladding (placare)

clama de siguranta clasa tasare clase de incarcare clavon cleste (de sudura) cleste (patent)

cleste (penseta) clesti (de bucatarie) clorura coborarea pantei taluzului cochilie coeficient de instabilitate coloidala coeficientul de inmuiere cofraj cofraj de beton cofraj, matrita, forma, tipar cofrare colmatare colmatare, astupare, tamponare coloana coloana de exploatare coloana de exploatare/productie coloana de tubaj compactare compactor cu pneuri compactor cu rulouri netede compactor mixt compactori vibratori Comportamentul structurii rutiere pe termen lung compozitie con de nisip / granulometru concasaj, faramitare concasat concasor conditionare prin semnalare conductor/ organ de transfer / traductor conector confectionarea epruvetelor conferentiar conservarea solului vegetal consistenta consola consola de reazem consola grinzi consola, nisa, centura console de reazem, picioare de macara consolidare construirea drumurilor de acces continut umflaturi bitum contra greutate contract de munca contra-proba contra-vantuire, sprijin - contrafort contravantuiri contravatuire contur sapatura convoaie tip cordon de etansare coronament coronament, decapare, acoperire, traversa de umplutura cota de fundatie cota de nivel cota fundare cota proiect cota teren cota teren fundare cote executate cote proiect cote terasamente cote teren Crack (F fissure, R crapatura) crapatura, taietura, crestatura cratita

Crazing (R paienjenis de crapaturi)

Creep (F fluage, R curgere lenta) crestatura, slit, fanta criblura criblura sort cruce cardanica, culisou, patina, cap de cruce cu coada furcata, in coada de randunica cu nervuri, striat, canelat

cu pale cu prindere aparenta culee culee inecata culei pereate culisou culisou, sabot, sanie, cadru de ghidare cuneta cupa cuplaj, ambreiaj, cupla curatire si defrisare curatire, spalare, erodare, eroziune curator curba granulometrica curbat curbat curbura curgerea metalului, fluaj, a ceda, a da cursa cursuri facultative cursuri obligatorii cusatura cuzinet cuzinet, aparat de reazem dala dala, placa Dampness (F humidit superficielle, R umiditate, umezeala, igrasie) daramaturi daunator, nociv, vatamator debitarea toroanelor debleu decalat decantor, agent de luciu decapare decapare pamant vegetal declaratie pe proprie raspundere declaratie pe proprie raspundere declaratie pe proprie raspundere declaratie pe proprie raspundere declivitate decofrare decofrol decolmata decopertare

Defect (F dfaut, R defect)

deficiente deflectometrul cu parghie deformatie defrisare Delamination (R destratificare) delimitare, determinare denivelare denivelari densitatea in gramada densometru denumirea pamantului depanator pneuri depasirea interzisa depozit, stoc depunere de declaratii fiscale dereglementare, liberalizare deschidere deschidere pod descopertarea si executia de santuri desene de executie deseuri despagubiri despicare / detasare / separare despletiri desprafuitor detasare, crapare, fisurare, rupere detensionare detensionare detensionarea totoanelor determinare, tasare

detinator de pozitie detritus deversor, berbec hidraulic deviat (zig-zag) deviatie, deplasare, terasare, berma, indoire, nisa deviere, abatere, incovoiere, deplasare dezanrobare dezintermediere dig dig din timp Dipstick disc de distantare dispozitiv de ghidare dispozitiv de legare, carlig, nod, a agata dispozitiv de taiere dispozitiv gheata uscata dispozitivul cu con si nisip distanta reala distribuire, livrare distrugator, exploziv dobanda la termen domeniul de lucru dop de teava, obturator dop, pluta dorn dorn, calafat, a stemui dotare doza tensometrica dozaj dozaj ciment dragare, excavatie, material excavat draglina drenaj din piatra bruta drenant dreptar drisca drosel drum alunecos drum cu denivelari drum in lucru drum ingustat dupa betonare durata de stingere (la var) durometru Dynamic Cone Penetrometer ecartament echitate, dividende eclisa eclisa elastic (culei) elastomer sintetic electrod fuzibil electrod sudura elemente de intrare ale analizei elemente din beton precomprimat total elevatia pilelor eliberarea toroanelor elicoidal Embedded Strain Gauge emisari, colector de apa emulsie de gudron epoxic eprubeta epruveta epuisare ertier, bratara, bulon esafodaj esantion etalonare etans etrier etrier etuva evazare a bazei excavarea fundatiei excavarea in jurul pilotilor excavarea intr-un singur schimb excavarea oricarui material

excavarea pamantului vegetal excavator excavator de sapat santuri Exfiltration (R prelingere) exfoliere exfoliere a unei imbracaminti rutiere expert contabil expertiza psihiatrica explozie extensibil, tractiune extrados fagas, ornieraj fagure de miere, a ciurui, segregare falie fanta fanta fascicole tubulare fasie fasonare fasonare fasonare a armaturii fasonat fata zidului de garda Faultmeter feder, lamba ferastrau de spintecat ferma fiabilitate fibra fibre biodegradabile fibre de inalta calitate impregnate cu bitum si prefabricate filer filer filer recuperat filon, sant, canal de scurgere, val, piedica, dig finetea cimentului finetea de macinare finisare de suprafata fir fisa fiscala fisura fisura, crapatura, slit, fanta fisura, crevasa, crapatura fitil flis fluaj fluturas de salariu foaie de placaj, furnir fochist fonta foraj foraj dirijat, inclinat foraj, sfredelire, alezaj forare forfecare forfecare, forta taietoare formare profesionala formular de inregistrare forta de compresiune forta de tractiune fragilitate la rece freta freza frezare friptura de ceafa fundatia fundatia drumului fundatia pilei fundatie fundatie a culeilor fundatie directa fundatie indirecta fundatie indirecta (pe piloti) Fungal growth (F moisissure). mold. funingine, negru de fum furca furca, corn, dinte, a ridica, a intoarce furcoi furnal fuzibil gabarit

gabion gard de nuiele, impletitura garduri de nisip care sa opreasca namolul garnitura garnitura la sapa de foraj, foreza percutanta garnitura, manson gaura intentionala gauri de aer gauri de aerisire gauri de scurgere a apei (la grinzi) gauri de transport/ghidaj a unei mire/tije/prajine de foraj/bara gauri tehnologice geala georetea geotextil gilsonit, asfalt natural din America de nord grad de compactare grad de gelivitate gramezi granuloziatea materialului granulozitate grebla, a inclina, a apleca greder greifer greoi, care ia mult spatiu gresie gresie argiloasa, ardezie gretuate, masa gretuate, masa greutati cu fanta grezos grilaj, gratar, plasa, umplutura, fundatie, suparator, radier de piloti grinda grinda cheson grinda cu profil U grinda cu zabrele grinda de ancorare grinda mobila grinda, barna, traversa grinda, raza, fascicul de lumina grinzi detasate grinzi monolitizate grinzi pe deschiderea din mijloc groapa groapa de imprumut gropi in asfalt grosier grup electrogen guard ditches? gudronator guler prelungitor gura de scurgere habe, batale hidrofilie hidroizolatie, etansare higrometru higrometru (ptr masurarea umiditatii gazelor & aerului) Honeycombing (F caverneux, R segregare) Horizontal Clip Gauge ID structura igrasie imbinarea toroanelor imbinari imbracaminte bituminoasa imbracaminte, captusala a canalului, rezervorului imbracaminti bituminoase cilindrate executate la cald imbunatatire a stratului de forma impamantare impermeabilizare imprastierea si compactarea sau umpluturile impregnare cu o pelicula hidrofuga, impermeabilizare imputernici imputernicit in apropierea in conditii normale de functionare in scop informativ in teren in vigoare inacceptabil inainte de inceperea lucrarilor incadrarea imbracamintilor incarcator

incastrare, consolidare, fixare incastrare, scufundare incastrat, ingropat incercare de tractiune incercarea cu placa incercarea la forfecare incinta de palplanse inclinat indice de curgere indoire la rece inel aducere la cota inel de cuplare infiltratie infiltratie a apei infiltratie, scurgere Infiltration (F infiltration, R infiltratie) inginer executie / field engineer inima inima (la grinda) injectare cu sonda sonica injectat inlaturarea materialelor explozive inlaturarea platformei de lucru si a drenajelor innadire innadire sudata inregistrari prelevari insonorizator, atenuator de zgomot inspectare si reparare instalarea elementului prefabricat intact intarie intarit Integrity (F bon tat, R intregime) intrados intrados intunecat, noros, trist invechire, uzura morala invelis invelis invelitoare inzapezire jgheab jgheab, tesit Joint (F joint) (construction -, expansion -, control -) jug la temperaturi intre laborator atestat lada frigorifica laminat la cald lampa de sudura lapte de ciment lapte de ciment, mortar cimentos legare de sarcina legenda lentila de argila liant limita de curgere limita de curgere limitator de moment si de sarcina linia rosie a drumului (cota unde vine asfaltul) linii electrice aeriene de inalta tensiune lipsit de materiale dislocate lisa locul de forare logrina, radier, fundatie longrina longrine lonjeron lonjeron, consola lucrabilitate, fasonare LUCRARI DE ACOPERIRE CU PAMANT VEGETAL lucrari de deversare lucrari de drenare lucrari de drumuri in fata Lucrari de drumuri Terasamente -Conditii tehnice generale de calitate lucrari la piloti LUCRARI PROTECTIE TALUZE DE DEBLEU lunecare lungime de transmitere macara

macara de manevra, de foraj macara elefant macara pe senile macara pivotanta macinare magheran mai mai de compactare mai manual, mai de batut, soneta manuala cu berbec mai mecanic, berbec mandatar, imputernicit, delegat, reprezentant maner de manevrare manometru manometru manometru manson manson de cablu manson de cuplaj, bucsa, mufa de cuplare manson, garnitura inelara marca, sort, clasa, categorie, panta margaritar margine, liziera marginea taluzului marna marna argiloasa marna, sist argilos bituminos masa de nisip in con masca drenanta masina de frezare masina de imprastiat masina de perforat masina de torcretat, pentru injectarea betonului masiv (culei) mastic masurari terestre matat matrita, sablon, stanta matrita, tipar, model mecanism de actionare mecanism de ridicare, troliu de foraj metal de adaos metal de adaos prin sudare metoda cernerii metoda cu stanta metoda de tubare a gaurii de sonda metoda torcretarii metode de esantionare metraj microcomparator, comparator cu cadran mijloc minereu mistrie mixtura asfaltica mixtura bituminoasa mixtura bituminoasa la cald modul de deformatie modul de deformatie liniara mojar Mold, Can/Brit: mould (F moisissure, feutrage de champignons de petite taille, R mucegai). moment de compresiune moment de intindere moment de torsiune mortar Mortar (R mortar) mortar cu contractie redusa mortar de poza mosor, cabestan motocompresor motorina motostivuitor mufa, manson, cupla, bucsa mufla mufla (la macarale, la scripete) musaca de cartofi mustati mustati namol, aluviune natura naut neglija neopren

nervura nervura, aripioara, flansa, talpa grinzii nervuri nervuri nervuri, striat, canelat nestins netezit nisa nisa nisip nisip grosier, pietris fin nisip pilonat nisip prafos nisipuri groase nit nivel de demolare nivelare cavalieri nivelare, taiere, taluzare, curatare nivelment nod sau imbinare sudata nod, a fixa un cablu nod, carcel, spasm normativ noroi noroi de foraj nucsoara numarul formularului de inregistrare numarul masinii numarul masinii oblicitate oblicitate, inclinatie oblon (la masini) ochi ocolirea obligatorie oficial ofiter stare civila ondulatie operator racordare flexibila opritor, roca impermeabila, arvuna, onorariu orificiu de scurgere, barbacana, canal de drenare ostropel otel / fier fasonat / profilat otel beton otel beton otel beton, fier beton pahar Berzelius pahar Berzelius pajiste, gazon, iarba, verdeata palan palee, picior intermediar de sustinere a unui pod de lemn palnie palnie ( de cimentare ) palnie de eroziune palplansa palplansa palplansa metalica palplanse pamant argilos nisipos pamant vegetal pana de fixare, ic, cleste mecanic, clapa de presiune pana de fixare, insertie, element de fixare (ap de reazem din neopren) pana de racordare pana, ic pana, ic, falca panou panou anti orbire panou de pluta autoexpandat panta panta longitudinala, sort, calsa, categorie, marca panta taluzului panta transversala papuc parametri de rigiditate parapet parapet parapet greu paravan, amortizor, aripa parbriz parghie partea inferioara pasla, fetru, flanela, carton pasta pastrare

pasul fretei pat de fundare pata patina de ghidare patine patine de ghidare patul drumului pereti de sprijin peretii culeilor pereu pereu pereu din piatra bruta pereu uscat pereul podetului perforator pneumatic permeabilitate persoana fizica persoana juridica piata la termen piatra bruta piatra sparta pichet pichetare, trasare picnometru piesa cotita, pornire piesa turnata, turnare, cofrare pietris pila de pod pila, piloni, stalpi pile pile casetate pile lamelare pilon, stalp piloni de legatura, cuie mari care leaga otelul de beton pilot tampon, stalp de protectie pilot, coloana piloti forati piloti largiti pinten pinten (la podete) pinten beton pinten de etansare la radier, zid de vatra pinten din beton (la masca drenanta EW) pinteni pipota pistil, a faramita piston cilindric piulita piulita striata pivnita, subsol, galerie subterana, bolta, grota, pestera pivotant, rabatabil, turnant placa placa aglomerata placa de adaos placa de fund placa de fund perforata placa de reazem placa de suprabetonare placa de umplere a rosturilor de dilatatie placa vibratoare placa vibratoare placa, foaie de metal, proteza dentara placi pline placuta, plita, masa (presa), platan plan de situatie planeitate plasa sudata plasa sudata pentru armarea betonului plasa, retea plat banda zincata platane platbanda plateiaj platforma platforma si drenarea in lucru pod plutitor, pluta, flota, a finisa podet podet tubular polietilena celulara prefabricata polizor pop ptr armarea galeriilor pop, stalp, coloana de sustinere

postament pot metalic cu zabrele pozare pozitie kilometrica praf praf nisipos prag de fund, baza, suport, grinda de fundatie, talpa inferioara prajina/teava de foraj prapastie, cedarea pamantului praznuri precomprimare toatala precomprimate predala predozator prefabricate pregatirea fundatiei si testul de incovoiere prelata prelata prelevare presa presa (armaturi) presa betoane presa hidraulica presa Marshall presare la rece presiune de aschiere presostat presostat pre-tensionare, pre-comprimare prevazut cu prevederile proiectului prezon prime prin delegatie, prin procura prindere, fixare, incadrare la capete, incastrare priza de pamant proba proba elementara, marire, spor, trapta, crestere proba netulburata proba tulburata proba tulburata / not in natural state proces verbal pentru trasarea lucrarilor proeminenta profil transversal tip program de lucru protectia impotriva afluierii protectie impotriva afluierii pulverizator, distribuitor punct de inmuiere punct de rupere Frass punct flama Marcusson puncte de inmuiere punctul de rupere Fraass put, gaura de forare radacini, cioturi, butuci radier radier radier de fundatie radier de fundatie radier interior podet radier la fundatie directa radier, fundatie ramasite, maruntaie rambleu rampa de acces ramurea, crenguta randalinat randament randament, curgerea metalului, cedare randamentul in pasta ranforsare ranforsare, beton egalizare, imbracaminte din beton raport raport, proves verbal rasol rasucire (la toroane) rata de ornieraj ravinare, albie de torent, put de scurgere, gura de canal, transee, defileu, sant, rigola razatoare reacoperirea cu pamant vegetal reactiv reamplasarea utilitatilor

reazem reazem (ptr picior), baza, fundatie, temelie reazem, sprijin receptie Receptie/ Monitorizare / Witness Point reciclator de asfalt recupera RECUPERAREA PAMANTULUI VEGETAL reducere de viteza reductie releveu remorcher renta renta viagera reparatia taluzului reparatie, carpire repartizator de asfalt repartizor finisor repartizor pe pneuri reper, cota de nivel repere de nivelment reprezentare Resistivity Probe resort Responsabil tehnic cu executia reteta retinere retroproiector rezem suport, contrasuport, suport reziduu, ramasita, rest al unui produs rezistenta la compresiune rezistenta la poansonare rezistenta la tractiune rezistenta la transfer rezistenta la transfer a betonului rezistenta la uzura rezultatele auditurilor ricoseu ridicare rigiditate, rezistenta rigla rigla, carda manuala rigola rigola - se pune la piciorul taluzului de debleu rigola de acostament rigola de acostament rigole rigole pereate rigole si santuri din beton ripare, ranguire ritmul lucrarilor roata carterului robinet (valva) robinet de purjare (evacuare prin suflare) roca argiloasa in lamele, marna, sist bituminos rogojina rogojina rola rost de dilatare rost de lucru rost, innadire rosturi de contractare rosturi de lucru rosturi de turnare ruginit rugozitate ruleta de masurat rulment cu bila rulment cu role rumegus rumegus sablare cu apa sablare cu nisip sabot de frana sac de iuta / rafie sageata, incovoiere saiba drenanta saituire salariu brut salina saltele pa taluz salvie

sant sant sant de garda sant din geocelule sant pereat sant pereat santul de garda se pune la piciorul taluzului de rambleu sau pe creasta taluzului de debleu santuri pereate sapa sapa sapa sapa sapa / mortar de egalizare sapa cu role sapa hidrofuga sapa, sapaliga, tarnacop sapaliga de mana ptr defrisare sapare de santuri sapator, plivitor, tarnacop-secure, masina de defrisat sapaturi in pamant necorespunzator sapaturi in stanca saramura sarcina de rupere sarcina distribuita egal sarcina pe osie sarcini active si sarcini pasive sarja sarma amprentata sarma de otel sarma neteda sarma rotunda trefilata sasiu satlpi de protectie (dupa decofrare) saturare scafa scandura scarificare schele schelet (macara), zabrele schita schita testelor scoaterea apei cu galeata scoaterea apei prin pompare scripete superior scripete, troliu, roata de transmitere scroabe, bride, clame scula de scos cuie scurgere scurgere de suprafata sectiune de drum sector de alimentare cu electricitate, retea sediu segregare SEMANAREA SUPRAFETELOR semiversus semn de circulatie semne de atentionare senile separator grasimi separator, pana de fixare set dinamometric Settlement (F tassement, affaisement, R tasare) sfaramare sfaramare intermediara sfaramaturi de beton sfasietoare sfert de con pereat sfoara, centura sfredel Shrinkage (F contraction, R contractie) sicana, paleta siguranta fuzibila siloz sindicat sindrila, sipca, farama, ciob, fragment, felie, a sparge, a taia sir de date siroire, paraias, irigatie prin rigole sist sist bituminos sistem de palpare sistem hidroizolator sita, ciur

slituirea fantelor smirghel, glaspapir Soil Pressure Gauge sol vegetal soliditate solvent, terebentina, spirit alb solzi (efect) solzos, ciobitura somn sonda sonda sonda de incercare sonda pentru luarea probelor soneta sort sorturile de agregate sot spaclu spalare la forare Spall (F eclat, R spartura superficiala, tandara) Spalling (F eclatement, R spargere superficiala, fragmentare; spall=aschie, tandara)

Specificatia Tehnica Split (F delitement, clivage, R crapatura, clivaj) splitting maul sprijinire stabil / stabilitate stabilitatea la incalzire cu strat subtire stabilizator stadiul actiunilor corective si preventive stalp electric starda cu sens unic statie de betoane statie de concasare-sortare statie de sortare stemuire, matare stingerea a varului stirbituri ale muchiilor stiuca stoc, depozitare strangere strat de balast strat de baza strat de baza strat de egalizare strat de egalizare strat de egalizare din binder strat de forma strat de grunduire strat de legatura strat de poza, strat suport, stratificare strat de uzura strat izolator, captusala, manta, strat de protectie strat ocrotitor, de paie vechi si frunze uscate strat protector strat rutier strat superior protector strat suport membrama hidroizolanta strat, pelicula stratificare stratul de etansare din beton straturi de etansare striat, zimtuit structura granulometrica strungar stut stut de teava, bucsa, cuzinet, fisa stut, bolt, opritor, prezon, diblu, pana de fixare, buton sub incidenta sub-forare subler sucursala sudare cu arc electric cu electrod fuzibil sudare electrica cap la cap prin topire intermediara sudare in cochilie in baie de zgura sudare in cochilie in baie de zgura cu cusaturi longitudinale sudare manuala cu arcul electric prin suprapunere si cu eclise sudare prin ciocanire sudura cu eclise

sudura cu metal de adaos sudura electrica sudura electrica prin puncte sudura in cochilie in baie de zgura sudura in cusatura sudura in puncte sudura in semimanson de cupru recuperabil sudura in solzi sudura pe contur sudura prin presiune cap la cap sudura prin suprapunere sudura rin duprapunere cu cusatura pe ambele fete sulf sulfati supa deasa, tocana de legume supapa supapa de siguranta suport suport aliniament supra excavarea suprafata de imbinare supragreutate suprastructura surub cu ureche surura in mediu de bioxid de carbon sustinere tabla de acoperire, talpa tabla de metal tabla de otel tablier tablier de pod, planseu taierea asfaltului taierea copacilor taietura a colturilor talpa fundatiei talpa inferioara talpa reazemului talpa superioara taluz taluz netezit taluzuri in debleu taluzuri neprotejate in debleu tambur tambur, toba de troliu cu cablu tarat tarate tarnacop tarus tarusi de fixare tasare tasare, compactare tasare, denivelare, slabire, cedare (a pamanturilor etc.) tasare, indesare teava de legatura a gurii de scurgere teava, tija de ghidaj temperatura de condensare temperatura de inghet tencuiala tencuiala de mortar de ciment tendoane tendoanele pretensionate a placii tensiune terasament terasamente TERASAMENTE / STRAT DE FORMA teren cu scoici, cochilii teren de fundatie cu strat de forma teren de fundatie fara strat de forma teren fundare teren fundare termen de predare termoizolant tesatura tesitura, rost test de capacitate portanta test de lunecare/forfecare test de relaxare test expansiune test la solicitare de dispozitiv testarea uzurii grinzilor testul de compresiune a pilotului in lucru tetrapod tevi de policlorura de vinil neplastificata

tija tija a sfredelului de perforare, prajina grea pentru foraj percutant tija de ghidare tija reglabila tija, linie de transmisie de la centrala de pompare tija, prajina grea timp de priza timpane timpul de priza al cimentului tipar tirant tirant de aer tirfor, palan (macara mica) titei brut titei neparafinos tocana de berbec, fasole verde tocana la cuptor topire a metalelor topograf topor torcretat torent toroane cu aderenta intrerupta toroane cu aderenta neintrerupta toroanele sunt de obicei in linie dreapta toron toron de grinda T toron neted toron striat TRANSFER transmisie / mecanism biela-manivela transportarea materialului de imprumut transportul betonului trasabilitate trasare traseu tratament termic travee traversa traversa de beton (la calea ferata) traversa, bara de legatura treapta, banc treapta, crestere, marire treapta, traversa, bara, spita trecere pietoni trecere sub presa, inaltime utila max. intre masa si culisoul unei prese hidraulice trefilat trefilat la rece trepidatie, vibratie trepte de taluz ( de infratire ) troliu tronson ( sector ) experimental tronsonate troruare tub canalizare tub riflat tubaj recuperabil tubaj, teaca, tubare tuburi de canalizare din beton simplu tuburi ondulate riflate turba turba, gazon, peluza turnare beton turnarea betonului pentru fundatii umflare libera umiditate umidometru (ptr masurarea umiditatii mat. solide) umpluturi umpluturi la podete unghi de inclinare unghi de tesire a marginii unghi drept unghiul de frecare unghiul de inclinare al taluzului unghiul la varf ureche de prindere uzat uzura vacuolar valoare imobiliara valoare medie valoare mobiliara var

var nestins var stins varf varf de proiectil vargat vartos venit inafara salarului venit net verificare vizuala vibrocompactor vidra vinci, scripete, troliu vizat vulcanic wealth zabrele zavor, clichet zer zgura zid de garda zid de sprijin zid intors zid, panou de sprijin zidarie zona de granulozitate zona de transmitere zona de trecere zona influentata termic zona intinsa

drenuri

The holding end anchors are fastened to rebar placed above and below the cable and burr After the concrete slab/floor has been poured and has set for about a week, the cable end The asphalt paver is used to distribute, shape & partially compa Dump trucks deliver the asphalt Self propelled pavers - the tractor; the screed (carda = grinda vibratoare) The roof is built on a slant = Acoperisul e construit in panta. PPE - steel-capped boots, sunscreen, broad-brim hats, gloves & sunglasses

ENGLEZA/ENGLISH
to puddle, to clog, to silt hold on to to prime to waive to hurl to drain to strew, to unfold, to place, to lay down draw attention on tamp encase applying compression grout batter to scour sheer preclude from + ing to file an appeal crumble float harrow, loosen to splice to offset to engulf to take stock to maul slice to wax to grind, to abrade, to polish, to refurbish to lay down, to execute, to bring in, to place to spade to put out of operation stagger to punch blot sprain to submit for approval strike off tamp to haul to slur over endorse outlier steam penetrometer needle accelerating admixture ARCHEOLOGICAL CLEARANCE procurement hedging cladding coating, plastering topsoiling shoulder impondment pondage landing depth depth of cut design depth recess admixture set-retarding agent furnishing entrained air, air content entrapped air airborne loose outcrop fault outcrop tributary scouring rock pockets technical agreement river bed, streambed silt road alignment debase alternating (U beams reinforcement: distribution)

creep upstream primer priming amp emplacement indented right-of-way sieving analysis steel pin riprap drill string, rotating assembly air agent contractor diaphragm, crossbar cross beam brine bearing block, elastomeric bearings fender apron PROVIDE SAND LAYER para rubber tree spring pimientos slate soil hydrometer clay fired clay doab loam sandy clay silty clay silty sandy clay hedgehog front fender reinforcement bar tie pre-stressed reinforcement slab reinforcing bars dewatering PLACE TOPSOIL ON SLOPE asphalt tarmac = asphalt pavement laying bedding splint tip lorry, tipper truck truck dump-truck boomtruck turnpike self supporting of dead load ancillary downstream bit run, bit penetration centerline, axis bearing centerline center-line caustic silver jaw face stirrer electroslag BALLAST gravel pit, ballast pit marker post flask volumetric flask straw bales guardrails bearing shelf insulating tape central reserve band conveying belt sling fender bar weeper barrier sledgehammer catch pit mud settling sump cofferdam cast seam burr catchment

light bulb dump box, bed, body tipping body side dump body uneven lanes monkey berm reinforced concrete auto-claving concrete gas-formed concrete slope concrete lean concrete INTERNAL CONCRETE blind concrete structural concrete post-tensioned concrete pre-stressed concrete pre-tensioned concrete casting, concreting mixer perch strut and tie bitumen non-parrafin bitumen distilled bitumen cut-back bitumen antiseismic block anchoring point rag bolt, soling hardcore bridging bogie spirit level cobble arch-brick border, kerb landmark, terminal setting out points crane boom, jib, arm mixer's arms and bits rainwater channels rutted breakthrough sling lintel bulb bulldo-excavator bulldozer, dozer analysis bulletin clod anchor bolt dowel bolt bolted anchor bolts hopper storage hopper stemming tub cab vat land register drop supporting frame precast frame technical specifications wedge socket wedging limestone carriageway rolling track crane rail/runway/track carriageway gauge sheet metal bearing cover coating water inlet box laboratory curing and vaporizing room manhole inspection chamber manhole sleeve sewer sinkhole

sewage duct fluting flagman collector outfall manhole cover pile load carrying capacity bearing / carrying capacity square end ends equity capital dishes snap-hook hull water-repellent ricocheting quarry clamp swivel roadway core sample logging, coring core barrel crankcase trolley trolley, crab cassettes, trenches side ditch, down shoot buckles boom mast, derrick hole steak pot-roast putty made of bitumen, hydrated lime and cellulose fibres load cell extraction centrifuge strap, belt bypass motorway, link road stiffening rings technical specifications' requirements specifications' requirements requirements must be observed sieving load ring, proving ring torque indicator handle wrench power nut-driver open end wrench box wrench overheads caisson coffer hollow gripe receipt water leakage element vessel, sink, basin roller compaction rolling Single drum roller - padfoot tired vibrating roller stripping roller steel cylinder with piston roller thyme grouting peening stock tripe soup single lane traffic tank (F bardage, R vener, although the cladding/air barrier concept is not normally used in Romanian construction) The external covering to the frame or structural walls of a building or structure (BS 5168). The veneer is non- loadbearing, and as such it is designed to carry only its own weight (dry and/or wet), and a limited number of loads such as wind and seism. In relationship with the structure it encloses, it can be either fully bonded or sepparated by an air barrier safety latch slump class charging classes clavon stinger pliers

pincers tongs chloride slope layback shelly, mould coefficient of colloidal instability softenig value formwork concrete form mould concrete forming silting up, clogging plugging string oil-string casing production string casing string compactability pneus compactor tandem roller combi roller vibratory roller compactors Long Term Pavement Performance mix-design sand cone crushing crushed, graded crusher signal conditioning transducer insert specimen fabrication/ making specimens senior lecturer top soil salvaging workability cantilever supporting bracket beam cantilever corbel outrigger lining ACCESS ROAD CONSTRUCTION bitumen cores content counter weight contract of employment spare sample strut bracing bracing digging outline type trains bituminous sealant material crown capping foundation level bench mark bottom of footings design level existing level level of foundation base as-built levels grade levels subgrade levels ground levels Linear discontinuity produced by fracture (BS 499). Elongated narrow opening. Synonyms can include: break, split, fracture, fissure, separation, cleavage, in various applications nick skillet Network of surface cracks (BS 3446). Used generally to describe surface cracking of concrete surfaces and paint film. Also used specifically to describe the fine network cracking of ceramic glazes by, for example, differential thermal expansion between glaze and tile body, or moisture expansion of the body Slow deformation of a stressed material at temperatures which may be within or above the normal working range of the material (BS 1755) slot broken stone, chippings chipping type crosshead swallow-tailed ribbed

bladed over plaster type abutment spill-through abutment solid abutment crosshead, slider guide block groove, ditch bucket, pail, bin coupler CLEARING AND GRUBBING scours fiduciary grading curve, granulation curve deviated collar camber yield travel elective courses (optional) core courses (mandatory) stitching, seam cylinder, bearing, bearing plinth bearing pad slab slab Condition of being slightly wet: usually not so wet that liquid water is evident, eg. wetness caused by condensation on a porous substrate or water transmitted up a porous wall by capillarity wreckage deleterious debonding cut-section, back-cut staggered (U beams reinforcement: distribution) brightener stripping of overburden, scraping ripping of topsoil affidavit Ido solemnly swear (affirm) that the information I have given in this affidavit is true and correct affidavit affidavit gradient unshattering, formwork removal, shuttering removal form oil clean up stripping of soil The non-conformity of the result of a test with the specification for a characteristic (ISO 2071). In Building Pathology, used sometimes almost as a synonym of 'fault' or 'failure', but preferred meaning is to indicate only a deviation from some (perceived) standard which may, but will not necessarily result in a failure shortcomings deflect meter lever strain grubbing The breakdown of a material by separation of the layers of which it is composed setting out step discontinuity surface ondulation, dislevelment, surface irregularity bulk density pycnometer soil classification tireman overtaking not allowed stockpile tax return submission/filing deregulation width bridge span STRIPPING & DITCHING shop drawings landfills compensatory financing spalling looses dust separator spalling transfer, strands release the tension is released strand release offset

job incumbent boring mud hydraulic ram staggered offset deflection displacement disintermediation levee breakwater in good time The dipstick is an instrument used to calculate the elevation profile of the road spacing disc tapping bushing hitch cutting shoe dry ice maker sand cone method slant distance output blasting fixed term interest rate operating temperature range pipe-close cork caulking iron caulk endowment, subsidy load cell dozage cement dosage spoil dragline rubble stone drainage porous straightedge smoothing board, mason's float throttle slippery road subsided road road under works narrow road after concreting liming duration durometer Instrument used to measure the strength of soil and granular materials used in roadway construction gauge equity shackle, strap band splice flexible synthetic elastomer consumable electrode welding rod review input total precompressed concrete elements R/C PIERS ELEVATION strand release helical A sensor that measures static and horizontal strains in concrete and asphalt layers by means of five different models placed in various locations and orientations sump tar-emulsion epoxy test tube specimen dewatering stirrup scaffolding sample standardization watertight stirrup bars/ strap / yoke stirrups oven base enlargement EXCAVATION OF FOUNDATION EXCAVATION AROUND PILES EXCAVATION SINGLE SHIFT EXCAVATION of ANY MATERIAL

TOPSOIL EXCAVATION excavator trencher Leakage out of a material or structure delamination spalling chartered accountant state status shot tensile extrados rutting, trace honeycomb fault slot slit, slot barrel beams decking to cant, to mould, to shape, to cut, to fashion cutting and bending cutting and bending reinforcement bent ballast wall inside face A Georgia Digital instrument that measures vertical displacement between joints with a digital readout. Measurements are positive or negative and be recorded for a number of joints tongue ripper truss reliability filament fibra mulch preformed bitumen impregnated high grade fibers filler filler rescued filler dike finesse of cement milling finesse surface finish stitch individual tax record crack cleft crevice wick flysch creep itemised pay slip veneer boiler room operator cast iron bored shaft slant drilling coating drilling shear shear vocational training output form compressive stress tensile stress cold-brittleness iron hoop, coil miller, milling machine milling steak pot roast R/C/ FOUNDATION sub-base PIER R/C FOUNDATION sub-base ABUTMENT R/C FOUNDATION shallow foundation deep foundation deep foundation Upward movement of soil (ground) or of a structure which it supports lampblack prongs prong pitchfork blast furnace consumable gauge

gabion wattle silt fences shaft seal churn drill gasket weep hole surface air void drainage holes scupper holes rod holes technological holes drilling jars geo-grid GEOTEXTILE gilsonite soil compaction degree degree of frost cleftness piling size of material grading, granularity rake grader clamshell cumbersome sandstone slate weight weight slotted weights arenaceous, sandy grating beam / girder box-beam channel beam lattice tie beam self-reacting beam girder beam spalling beams infilled beams center span beams pothole borrow pit potholes on the road coarse grained motor-generator set santuri de garda oiling machine extension collar gully, outflow, tap/ping hole, disharge opening mud settling sumps hydrophilicity waterproofing mason's wet & dry bulb, hygrometer moisture meter usually used to refer to a defective condition in concrete. The concrete contains interconnecting large voids due to loss or lack of mortar sensor that measures the width of concrete joint openings structure ID rising damp strand splices spacers/ splices asphalt mixture, asphalt lining, bituminous coating reservoire and canal lining hot rolled bituminous mixtures capping grounding grouting SPREADING AND COMPACTING OR FILL water-repellent coating vest, invest (in, with), empower, authorize joint holder in the vicinity of in normal use for reference only in situ effectual, in force objectionable prior to the works commencing pavement border loader

fixing embedding set-in tensile testing plate test sheer test driving of sheeting, sheet pile slant, racking flow index cold bend test levelling ring shackle inflow water seepage seepage leakage into a material or structure; water ingress site supervisor / FE core, web web SONIC TUBE GROUTING grouted REMOVAL OF UNEXPLODED ORDINANCE REMOVAL OF WORK PLATFORM & DRAINAGE binding, joining, splicing, joint welded jointing sampling records noise damper, supressor INSPECTION & REPAIR INSTALLATION OF PRECAST ELEMENT sound cure (for concrete or lime for capping) hardened in Building Pathology: soundness, with no part or element deficient in performance intrados, suffit soffit, intrados overcast obsolescence coating topping bead snow-drift chute, gutter chamfer Position where two or more building materials, components or assemblies are put together, fixed or united, with or without the use of extra jointing products (BS DD22) frame at temperatures ranging from to testified laboratory cooling box hot-rolled torch laitance, cemet milk grout rigging key clay gall binder, bond yield strength / point liquid limit limit switch (max load, load moment) road red line voltage overhead electrical lines free of loose bar, ledge pinch point pile cap, raft bearing carrier, main sill shuttering longitudinal tie, stringer outrigger workability TOPSOILING DISCHARGE WORKS DRAINAGE WORKS road work ahead Roadway works - Earthworks, General quality requirements PILING SOIL SLOPE PROTECTION AND STABILIZATION slippage transmission length crane

travelling block overhead crane boomcat jib crane crushing marjoram tamping rod tamping rod setting maul rammer proxy carry grip gauge diag gauge pressure gauge sleeve collar coupling sleeve grommet grade pure sifted gravel, pea gravel, pea grit/stone, fringe, treeline, woodside stake line shale clay marl shale weight of sand incone drainage mask milling machine spreader punching machine concrete pressure grouting machine rigid jointing filler land survey caulked stencil, die stencil (die) gear draw works, hoisting equipment filler metal, deposited metal weld metal sieving method punching method method of running casing wet spray method sampling methods footage dial gauge face (drainage) ore trowel asphalt mixture hot wetting hot coating deformation module linear strain module pestle mill, porcelain jar/mortar Woolly or powdery fungal growth that forms on the surface of materials in damp, stagnant atmospheres hogging moment sagging moment torque, twisting moment mortar mixture of lime and/or cement with sand and water, used either as a binding material for bricks and stone or as a plaster non-shrinkage mortar mortar of bedding cathead motor-compressor diesel oil fork lift thimble pulley yoke / block, muffle, roaster muffle, yoke, block cottage pie start bars hooks silt type chick pea disregard, overlook neoprene

ridge flange sand streaking/ ribs ribs ribbed quicklime trowelled recess recess grit grit compact sand silty sand coarse grained sands rivet cut-off level earth deposits leveling trimming leveling node or welded joint reeving kink normative sludge bore mud/sludge nutmeg output form reference number truck plate no truck plate no skewness skewness tailgate aperture obligatory detour formal County Clerk, marriage officer undulation hoseman retainer weeper ragout figured steel, fashioned iron reinforced steel steel for reinforced concrete structural steel beaker glass beaker sward hoisting block bridge bent tremmie pipe hopper sink hole sheet pile sheet pile steel sheeting sheeting clay loam topsoil key shim taper blade wedge, hand tool pane antidazzle fence self-expanded cork board slope grade gradient of slope cross fall lug stiffeness road guard, parapet, railings guardrail, railing crash barrier fender windscreen beam toe (drainage) felt slurry retention

coil pitch roadbed foundation slur guide track spacers guiding slippers formation level retaining walls ABUTMENT WALLS pitching, dry wall, revetment facing rough stone pitching dry wall rubble stone dry wall jack hammer tightness, permeability natural person artificial, legal, juristic, moral person futures market rubble stone choke aggregate peg staking out density bottle cranking casting gravel bridge pier pier steel files hollow box piers solid piers mast shear connector, stud pole fender pile drilled / bored piles underreamed piles (inverted cone form - stable ground) spur, groin water break concrete dike cut-off wall concrete embeddment groins gizzard pestle cylindrical plunger bolt-nut knurled nut vault slewing slab particleboard filler plate bottom cap perforated base plate bearing plate deck slab expansion joint filler board compactor plate, footpad vibratory plate base plate solid slabs platen laying out flatness welded fabric/mesh welded fabric for concrete reinforcement mesh flat bar for earth grounding plates, platen sheet-metal strip, steel strip covering PLATFORM WORKING PLATFORM AND DRAINAGE floats culvert pipe culvert preformed closed-cell polyethylene filler grinder shore stanchion

impost, socle, base plate, base, bearing block, bed box, footing of a wall truss bridge laying chainage silt sandy silt bottom sills drill pipe ravine bars total precompression pre-compressed plank pre-dosage device pre-cast PREPARE FOUNDATION &DEFLECTION TEST tarp tarpauline prevail jack pulling end hydraulic jack compression machine hydraulic station Marshall compactor hobbing pressure of tool cut-out pressure switch prestressing, pre-tensioning fitted with design prescriptions stud bolt amorsa by proxy restraint at ends ground plate sample increment sample in natural state bulk sample bulk sample works pegging out / staking out protocol lump typical cross section working time scour protection scour apron sparger softening point Frass breaking ( disruption ) point Marcusson flame softening points Fraass breking point shaft stumps apron, raft pile cap raft foundation foundation mat revetment footing pile cap offal embankment, backfill entry slip road sprig knurled, grooved efficiency yield slurry efficiency stiffening blinding ratio report boiled twist, lay wheel tracking rate gully grater RETOPSOILING reagent UTILITY RELOCATION

bearing, support, suspension footing support acceptance W asphalt recycler retrieve, recover TOPSOIL SALVAGING speed reduction sub ground survey, hydrological survey tracker annuity life annuity REPAIR OF SLOPE patching pavement ( asphalt ) finisher, asphat paver, asphalt paving machine asphalt paver on tracks asphalt paver on tyres benchmark leveling marks plotting sensors that measure depths of freezing and thawing fronts in the pavement structure spring RTE prescription, job mix formula withhold overhead projector cross braces by-product compression resistance punching resistance road resistance transfer strength compressive strength of concrete at transfer resistance to wear results of audits ricochet rigging stiffness spar, collar beam, pier cap screed gutter gutter side ditch shoulder gutter gutters, cast in situ for ditches new gutters paved with precast elements P/C CONCRETE GUTTER & DITCHES ripping works sequence crankcase wheel ball cock blow-out valve shale mat mat roller expansion joint construction joint joint contraction joints working joints construction joints rusted skid resistance steel tape in case ball bearing needle bearing sawdust sawdust waterblasted sand blasted chocker eyes jute / raffia sack sag, camber french drain, gridiron system drinage sheeting gross salary brine pit slope mattresses sage

ditch, trench groove safety ditch ditch of geocells lined ditch, pitched ditch cast in situ ditch guard ditch new ditches paved with precast elements bit blanket ( protection ) drill bit blanket screed roller bit water repellent slab hoe mattock trenching grubber waste excavation rock excavation pickled failure load evenly distributed load rear axis load live and dead loads charging material, batch deformed wire steel wire netted wire cold-drawn round wire chassis safety props soak flat hollow plank scarifying scaffolding lattice draft tests sketch bailing pumping upper block pulley clips wrecking bar runoff runoff road section mains seat segregation, honeycombing SEEDING haversine marking sign cautionary signs crawler tracks oil interceptor shim load rings set Downward movement of the soil or of a structure which it supports crushing medium grinding concrete hardcore ripper pitched cone quarter lanyard, lifeline soil auger Decrease in length or volume baffle safety fuse bunker, sylo trade union chip data sequence rill shale bituminous slate feeler system waterproofing membrane sieve

slitting of slots sandpaper Sensors that measure static and dynamic stresses, both vertical and horizontal, in soils and other unbounded layers topsoil soundness white spirit scaling flaky sheat fish, catfish borehole probe, rod plunger probe drop hammer fraction fractions of aggregates spouse spatula circulation A flaky fragment, usually produced by a blow, or by the action of weather or pressure detachment of fragments, usually of flaky shape, from a larger mass by a blow, or by the action of weather or pressure; chipping of stone, masonry or concrete (BS 2787) T.Spec, Technical Specification Break in a material, approximately parallel with the natural grain or cleavage of the material secure prop sound / soundness stability at heating by thin film stabilizer status of preventive and corrective actions tower one lane road ahead batch plant crushing sorting plant screening plant caulking slaking indentation of edges pike stockpile clamping ballast layer fundamental, primary, base course subsoil, subbase (layer of aggregate material) regulating, leveling course of binding regulating course, levelling course regulating binder; asphalt binder capping layer, subgrade prime coating binder course bedding wearing course lagging mulch mulch road layer capping bed surface underneath waterproofing layer film bedding rock anchors for spread footings seal courses riffle gradation lathe operator nozzle guide bush stud falling within sub-drill gauge, caliper branch arc welding with consumable electrode, shielded-metal arc welding intermediary flash butt welding mould/shell electroslag welding Mould/shell electroslag welding with longitudinal seams manual overlap arc welding with cover plates percussive welding strap welding

built-up welding electrical welding electrical point welding electroslag mould welding seam welding spot welding welding with recoverable copper semi-sleeve bead in welding loop welding end-to-end-pressure welding lap welding (overlapping) seam welding with overlapping both sides of rebars sulfur sulfates pottage valve flash back arrestor post alignment bearing OVER EXCAVATION abutting ends surcharge road pavement eyebolt welding in a carbon dioxide environment cribbing cover slip sheet iron steel sheet platform, bridge deck, bridge floor, plank bridging, deck, flooring cutback of asphalt cutting off the trees corner cut soffit bottom fibres / flange dormer top fibres / flange slope, ramp TRIM SLOPE cut slopes unprotected slope in cutting cylindrical drum cable drum no-lift bran pick-axe stake fixing stakes subsidence compaction, slump subsidence (as opposed to slump = tasarea la beton) settlement outlet union pipe drill collars dew point temperature frost point plastering cement plaster finish tendons slab pretensioned tendons voltage roadway bed earthworks ROADWAY EARTHWORKS / CAPPING LAYER shelly subgrade with formation layer subgrade without formation layer foundation base subgrade completion date heat insulating webbing shear key BEARING CAPACITY TEST slippage test stress relaxation test expansion test strain gage beam fatigue testing WORKING PILE COMPRESSION TEST lectern unplasticized polyvinyl chloride pipes

kelly, stem auger stem kelly bushing adjustable stem rod-line drill collar setting time, grip time tympans, headwall cement hardening mould, pattern tie-rod, anchor tie-rod, tractive air drain tackle crude wax-free oil haricot hot pot smelting surveyor axe air-placed debris flow debonded tendons/strands bonded tendons/strands the tendons are usually in a straight line braid / strand / tendon T-beam braid / strand smooth rebar ribbed rebar STRAND RELEASE, transfer crank gear HAULING OF BORROW MATERIAL transport of concrete traceability tracing, laying out, setting out layout steam curing span sleeper concrete railway sleeper tie bench, step increment rung pedestrian cross daylight drawn cold-drawn jarring steps on slope pulley experimental road section, trial section segmental side-walks collector pipe corrugated pipe, bored tube temporary casing casing sewage concrete tubes striated undulate tubes peat turf concrete founding ( pouring ) CASTING OF FOUNDATION CONCRETE free swelling humidity, moisture moisture meter BACKFILLING BACKFILLING OF CULVERTS raking angle angle of bevel / chamfer right angle friction angle gradient of graund deflection angle lifting eye, hanger frayed wear, fatigue, abrasion vacuolarious immovable propert, real property mean value movable property/ personal property lime

anhydrous lime, quicklime lime hydrated lime, slaked lime crest (drainage) ogive brindled, striated stiff fringe benefit net income visual check vibrating tamper otter winch endorsed igneous avere trellis latch whey slag, ash ballast wall retaining wall wing wall shoring masonry grading zone transmission area cross over area thermally influenced area stretched area

French drain, drain tile, or land drain is a ditch covered with gravel or rock that redirects surface and ground water away from an area filter drain - drains the ground water collector drain (interceptor drain) - drains ground and surface water dispersal drain