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Flowchart for Waste Manifest Management Process

Waste Generator Segregated container Recyclables Combustibles Biodegradable Hazardous Recyclables WTM completed by
Waste Generator
Segregated container
Recyclables
Combustibles
Biodegradable
Hazardous Recyclables
WTM completed by
Waste Handler
White copy sent to HSE Rep responsible for site.
To be filed in Site Waste Management file
Yes
Signature of
Agreement by Transporters
WTM accompanies waste
during transfer
Receiving Waste
Yellow copy given to
Notification to HSE Rep.
Handler
No
Waste receiver
Anomaly raised &
Yes
verifies that cargo
Investigation into discrepancy
is
identical
to
manifest
Yes
WTM to be raised
Alteration to WTM
i.e. additional
waste added?
Yes
No
Waste to be
transferred on
WTM sent to
HSE Supervisor
responsible for site.
Copy filed in Site Waste
Management file
No
Second
transporter checks
Cargo. Signs
acceptance to
WTM accompanies
waste onto second
destination
WTM
No
Pink copy retained by transporter and
Blue
copy
sent to security responsible for site.
Yes
Copy to be retained in Site Waste
Receiving Waste
Co-ordinator verifies that
cargo is identical on
WTM
Management file
WTM = Waste Tracking Manifest

Waste Collection

Waste shall be collected in waste bags, skips, baskets, drums, or any other container which meets the Specification/requirements below;

• Be sufficiently sized;

• Be leak proof;

• Be fitted with a cover or placed under a tarpaulin in the event of heavy rain/wind and/or transportation;

• Be made from materials with a low flammability;

• Be clearly marked with their contents and the appropriate safety/risk warnings;

• Stand stable on the ground;

• Be easy to handle;

• Be inspected on a regular basis to ensure that integrity is maintained.

Containers holding liquids shall meet each of the above criteria and, in addition, shall be stored, closed, sealed and right side up (ideally on a pallet). Containers holding liquids shall not be thrown haphazardly in

the skips/baskets but shall be placed in accordance with the preceding conditions . In the event that any container is damaged, the substance shall be transferred to a new container. It is recommended that a small reserve of containers/drums be maintained for this purpose.

Waste Segregation

Segregation involves the manual identification and separation of the waste streams. Primary separation is undertaken either manually i.e. domestic waste streams or, principally with drilling and production streams, by physical or mechanic means e.g. shale shakers, separation tanks and heaters. Such separation can be improved with secondary treatment such as hydrocyclones, filter presses, gas flotation systems or decanting centrifuges. All wastes shall be segregated at source. As a minimum waste bags, skips, baskets and bins (generically referred to as containers or receptacles) shall be provided for each of the main waste categories. The intended contents of each container shall be clearly depicted in both script and pictorial representation of its use. The containers shall also be depicted by their colour as listed below;

Biodegradable waste: green in colour with pictogram depicting food.

Combustible waste:

Recyclable waste (Paper):

RED Blue
RED
Blue
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow.
Yellow.

in colour with pictogram depicting trash, rubbish, etc.

in colour with pictogram depicting paper.

Blue
Blue
Blue
Blue

Recyclable waste (Scrap metals and cans):

Recyclable (Glass and Plastics):

Hazardous waste: .

Used Fluorescent Tube: Black cylindrical container with yellow cover.

Medical wastes:

in colour with pictogram of cable/valve/cans

in colour with pictogram of glass/plastics

. with pictogram depicting battery/bulb.

packaging thick allcovered disposable carton.

Where feasible pliable wastes shall be folded flat, dismantled or crushed to facilitate storage/transportation

The type and number of waste bags, skips, baskets and bins required by each facility shall be a function of the constituent of the waste, the quantity, the collection frequency and the space available for the placement of such containers.

Wastes shall be deposited in the containers and shall not be allowed to overflow or be stacked up on the ground around the containers. It shall be the responsibility of the logistics department to ensure that there are sufficient containers at each of the locations and the Head HSE Site /Supervisor will monitor such conditions.

The containers shall be located as close as possible to the source generation assuming that no there are no other impediments e.g. fire or access.

Replacement containers (corresponding in type and number to those collected) shall be delivered during the same consignment as those collected. No site shall be left without the means to segregate and store their wastes as per the requirements of this procedure.

The respective waste handling facilities shall raise an anomaly report on receipt of any waste that has not been properly segregated. Such reports

Waste Inventory

Waste shall be weighed on the weighing scales provided, where possible. Where it is not possible to weigh the waste directly on the scales, the following method shall be adopted in estimating the weight of the waste material: The standard density (kg/m 3 ) of the segregated waste stream and the estimated volume occupied in the basket is multiplied together to represent an estimated quantity of the waste (see Table 1).

Data shall be entered on the Waste Manifest, which shall be completed for every waste transfer.

Volume of Basket

The size and volume of each type of bin/basket/drum used at the facility/site shall be measured and volume calculated. These shall be recorded in the Site Waste Management Plan. For example: Medium basket (mesh):1.5m (l) x 0.7m (w) x1m (d) = 1.05 m 3

In order to calculate the amount of waste in the basket, an estimation of the fill level of the basket shall be made quarter, half, full etc) For example:

Half full medium sized basket: 0.5 x 1.05 m3 = 0.525 m 3

Typical Densities (kg/m 3 ) for Solid Wastes

Table 1 shows the typical densities (weight) per m 3 of various segregated waste streams.

per m 3 of various segregated waste streams. Worked Example Having obtained the volume of the

Worked Example

Having obtained the volume of the waste, it is multiplied by the corresponding density figure (refer to table 1) of the segregated waste. The following is an example of the calculation of the quantity of a waste stream:

Visual Inspection and completion of Waste Manifest states that medium sized basket is half full of metal scrap. Therefore:

0.5 (half basket) x 1.05 m3 (Total potential volume) x 900 kg/m3 (density of metal scrap) = 472.5kg. Hence 472.5kg metal scrap was transported in this particular transfer.

Adapted from Tchobanoglous et al “Integrated Solid Waste Management” McGraw Hill 1993

Waste Register

The Waste Register shall be sent to us, by the seventh (7th) day of the following month. We shall review registers on their receipt and shall ensure that there are no significant anomalies from previous month’s records. If this is the case, he/she shall review current handling/treatment process to ensure that it is still suitable for the differing composition/quantity.

Waste Tracking (Use of Manifest)

The waste coordinator shall fill out the waste manifest before dispatching waste from the site or location. A copy of the waste manifest is shown below. The completed Waste Manifests shall be referenced for the completion of the monthly Waste Registers. See appendix A

Waste Treatment & Disposal

The treatment and disposal routes for each of the principal waste streams can be referenced in Appendix

B.

Burnable Waste

All Burnable/Combustible waste shall be incinerated using Third Party incinerators accredited by Regulators. All medical waste shall be incinerated using the appropriate means. Ash collected after the incinerating process shall be fixed in a cement matrix and used for brick making after carrying out leachability and compaction tests.

Nonburnable wastes

Non burnable wastes shall be stored and transferred as per the requirements of this procedure to where they shall be managed properly as outlined below;

Plastics shall be returned to plastic industries for reuse/recycling

Glass shall be returned to glass industries for recycling

Clean paper shall be returned to paper mills for recycling

Metal Scraps and cans shall be returned to steel mills for recycling

Inert Waste

Inert wastes shall be used for backfilling/cover material.

Hazardous Waste

The following disposal routes shall be considered (in order of preference):

Return to supplier;

Spiked into export line/storage tanks liquids only (assuming no extenuating/detrimental results);

Disposal in water (liquids only), for soluble products of low toxicity;

Neutralization

Stabilization (for example cuttings with lime and cement);

• Inerting and landfilled (note: no liquids may be disposed in a landfill);

Burning (assuming no health, safety or environmental implications);

Disposal via approved Hazardous

Appendix A- Waste Manifest

Appendix A- Waste Manifest TOTAL UPSTREAM COMPANIES IN NIGERIA WASTE TRACKING MANIFEST/WAYBILL S/N WASTE DESCRIPTION

TOTAL UPSTREAM COMPANIES IN NIGERIA WASTE TRACKING MANIFEST/WAYBILL

S/N WASTE

DESCRIPTION

QTY/UNITS

REMARKS/COMMENTS

 

(Kg/Litres/tons)

NON-HAZARDOUS RECYCLABLES

   

Recyclable Paper

   

Recyclable Plastics

   

Recyclable Glass

   

Recyclable Metal scraps

   

Empty metallic Drum

   

Empty Plastic Drum

   

HAZARDOUS RECYCLABLES

   

Ink-Jet/Toner Cartridges

   

Fluorescent tube/Electric bulbs

   

Batteries (Wet & Dry cell)

   

Spent Lube oil

   

HAZARDOUS BURNABLES

   

Absorbents/Oily rags

   

Air Filters/Oil Filters/Fuel Filters

   

Contaminated Soil

   

Oily sludge/tank bottom

   

Obsolete Chemical

   

Pigging waste

   

Medical waste

   

Combustible trash

   

Drill Cuttings/Mud

   

NON HAZARDOUS & NON RECYCLABLE

   

Food/Biodegradable

   

OTHERS

   

Sewage

   

Construction Debris

   

Asbestos

   

Woods/Furniture

   

Other (specify)

   

ORIGINATOR/GENERATOR TRANS

PORTER(VESSEL/VEHICLE)

WASTE

RECIEVER/DISPOSAL

FACILITY

Name:

Driver Name:

Name:

Site/Dept:

Company:

Facility/Site:

Phone:

Vehicle No/Vessel Name:

Phone No:

Loading Point:

Phone No:

Receipt Address:

Date:

Date:

Date:

Time:

Time:

Time:

Signature:

Signature:

Signature:

Distribution White copy: Waste Mgt Officer (Tracking Copy),

Yellow Copy.

: Waste receiver/facility,

Green Copy: Pink Copy
Green Copy:
Pink Copy

Transporters.

Originator/Book copy,

Blue copy:
Blue copy:

Security Control,

7 - Références, date, lieu
7 - Références, date, lieu

Appendix - Waste Register & Plan

Site :

Month of:

Notes :

Column A : Type. Column B : Source (where from). Column C : Unit of measurement (number, basket etc.)

Column D: Calculated quantity based

 

Column E : Treatment (if any) & Disposal method

 

Column F: Any additional information/remarks.

Description

Source

Unit

Quantity

 

Treatment/Disposal

Remarks

of Waste

 

(A) (B

)

(C)

(D)

 

(E)

(F)

Empty Metal drum

All Locations

Kg

   

Crush & Recycle

 

Empty Plastic drum

All locations

Kg

   

Crush & Recycle

 

-

Extraction of PCB for incineration

 

Maintenance waste:

-

Decontamination of metal parts for recycling

Transformer

All locations

Kg

       

-

Mercury recovery

 

Bulbs

All locations

Kg

-

Recycling of other parts

       

-

Mercury recovery

 

Spent

Fluorescent

-

Recycling of other

tubes

All locations

Kg

parts

 

Batteries

All locations

Kg

 

Decontamination neutralisation Recycling

via

 

Filters

All locations

Kg

   

Incineration

 
         

Awaiting

disposal

Engineered

Asbestos

All locations

tons

 

Package & Stockpile

landfill.

Medical Waste:

All locations

tons

   

Incineration

 
 

Onshore

       

Contaminated soil

facilities

tons

 

Incineration / Bio- treatment

Tank bottom/oily sludge

All locations

tons

 

Incineration

   

Pigging sludge

All locations

tons

   

Incineration

 
 

All

     

Scrap metal:

Locations

tons

Recycling

 
 

All

     

Wood

Locations

tons

Incineration

 
 

All

     

Cardboard

Locations

tons

Recycling

 
 

All

     

Paper

Locations

tons

Recycling

 
 

All

     

Plastics

Locations

tons

Recycling

 
 

All

     

Tins & Cans

Locations

tons

Recycling

 
 

All

     

Glass

Locations

tons

Recycling

 
     

- Macerate & Dispose to sea (Offshore)

Awaiting

Composting

Bio-deg.

domestic

Offshore

&

- Dispose in a dumpsite (Onshore)

facility

waste:

Onshore

tons

operation.

     

Return

to

manufacturer’s

 

Computer Scraps

All locations

tons

rep

     

Government

approved

 

Construction Debris

All locations

tons

dumpsite

     

Disposed

based

on

 

Dis-used furniture

All locations

tons

component parts

Sewage & Kitchen waste water

   

Bio-treatment in

a sewage

 

All locations

litres

treatment facility

 

Oily rags

All locations

tons

Incineration

   
     

-Oil-in-water separation and re-injection in Onshore facility.

 

Onshore

&

-Oil - in-water separation and discharge in an offshore discharge zones

Production water

Offshore

litres

Printer cartridges & Toner

   

Buy-back

by

manufacturer

 

All locations

tons

for recycling

 

Sewage

All locations

litres

Biological treatment via sewage treatment plants

 

Smoke detector

All locations

tons

incineration

   
 

Onshore

&

     

Used absorbent

Offshore

tons

incineration

 
 

Onshore

&

 

Treatment to acceptable limits and discharge (Deep offshore), TDU treatment (Onshore & Near shore)

 

WBM & WBM cuttings

Offshore

tons

 

Onshore

&

 

Treatment and discharge (Deep offshore), TDU treatment (Onshore & Near shore)

SBM &SBM cuttings

Offshore

tons

 

Onshore

&

 

Treatment and discharge (Deep offshore), TDU treatment (Onshore & Near shore)

Work over completion fluids

Offshore

tons