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DTMF BASED DEVICE CONTROL

INTRODUCTION

Automation is the need of today. The ultimate aim of technology is to reduce the load of mankind. To reduce the amount of human effort required to perform a task is the objective behind technical development. Dual-tone multi-frequency (DTMF) signaling is used for telecommunication signaling over analog telephone lines in the voice-frequency band between telephone handsets and other communications devices and the switching center. The version of DTMF used for telephone tone dialing is known by the trademarked term Touch-Tone (canceled March 13, 1984), and is standardized by ITU-T Recommendation Q.23. It is also known in the UK as MF4. Other multi-frequency systems are used for signaling internal to the telephone network. DTMF, better known as touch-tone, is a system of signal tones used in telecommunications. Applications include voice mail, help desks, telephone banking, etc. There are twelve DTMF signals, each of which is made up of two tones from the following selection: 697 Hz, 770 Hz, 852 Hz, 941 Hz, 1209 Hz, 1336 Hz, 1477Hz. The tones are divided into two groups (low and high), and each DTMF signal uses one from each group. This prevents any harmonics from being misinterpreted as part of the signal.

Digit 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 * #

Low frequency 697 697 697 770 770 770 852 852 852 941 941 941

High frequency 1209 1336 1477 1209 1336 1477 1209 1336 1477 1336 1209 1477

Below is the description of a project, that is an application to automate the home appliances using the DTMF technology.

PROBLEM DESCRIPTION
This project aims at developing a DTMF BASED DEVICE CONTROL which involves the control of the devices connected to the microcontroller by a handset.

The phone will transmit a particular frequency corresponding to the key pressed to the decoder section, which will in turn provide a BCD output corresponding to each frequency. In accordance to the output, different devices will be switched on or off.

If key 1 is pressed form the handset, the device1 will be switched on. In case, key 2 is pressed form the handset, the device2 will be switched on. If these keys are pressed again the corresponding devices will be switched off. Same is the case for the key3 and key 4. Using this project we can control, both the switching on and switching off the devices connected to the microcontroller.

BLOCK DIAGRAM
LCD

Handset

Decoder Section

MCU UNIT

OPTO ISOLATORS AND POWER AMPLIFIERS

RELAYS Devices

DEVICES

APPLICATIONS
Can be used to implement wireless automation. Can be used to automate the device at school, homes, offices, etc. Can be used at almost all the government and non-government organizations.

TOOLS/SOFTWARES /COMPONENTS REQUIRED


KEIL Vision2 Software for programming of Microcontroller. I.C Programmer and Software for the burning of the Microcontroller. Components for designing of the embedded part. Soldering kit. Measuring Instruments (Multi-meter), etc.