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PaverPlanterFilter

Research
PlaNYC PlaNYCs target for water waste reduction is 40%. Plans include gray water infrastructure, better water infiltration, passive landscapes, permeable paving, etc
Schoharie County

New York City Watershed System


Chenango County

Albany County

CONSIDERED PART OF THE DELAWARE AND CATSKILL SYSTEMS


iles

Schoharie Reservoir

NEW YORK

Gr een e C o u n ty

MASSACHUSETTS

5M 12

Shandaken Tunnel 1927

Cannonsville Reservoir

Br

the Shandaken plants, the system has safety valves, knownKensicoTunnel, the Catskill Aqueduct, asand Hillview Reservoirs and the Provides 40% of supply combined sewer outfalls. Similarly, combinedthe citys water day Supplies 600 million gallons per sewer outfalls are necessary in some locations because of limited capacity in the sewer system itself. These discharge excess sanitary and Delaware System, 19401964 stormwater flowotherwise known as Com Consists of Cannonsville, Pepacton, Neversink, and Rondout Reservoirs, and the Delaware Aqueduct bined Sewer Overflows (CSOs)into the citys Provides 50% of the citys water supply Supplies 890 million gallons per day surrounding waterways during heavy rains.
Co lu mb
E so

Pepacton Reservoir

Catskill System, 19051928 Consists of Ashoken and Schoharie Reservoirs,


ia Co un ty

an

Br

h nc

De

a law

re

East Delaware Tunnel 1955

Ashokan Reservoir

Delaware County

100

Mi

Ea

les

West Delaware Tunnel 1964

Delaw

are

Neversink Reservoir

Neversink Tunnel 1954

Rondout Reservoir

Catskill Aqueduct 1917

Delaware Aqueduct 1940s

NEW YORK

CONNECTICUT

Uls te r Cou n t y

Sul l i v an County

Dutchess Count y

Delaw

are

While CSOs are the largest source of pollution entering our waterways, the number and potency of theseCroton System, 18421917 dropped dramatievents has Contains 12 reservoirs, three controlled the cally over the lastlakes, the Croton Aqueduct, andlimiting water qual30 Central Park Reservoirs Jerome and years, Provides 10% of the supply ity impairments to ourmillioncitys water day tributaries. Since smaller Supplies 180 gallons per 1980, we have increased our rate of CSO capture from 30% to over 72%. The portion composed of sewage has continued to decrease from 30% by volume in System, 1917today to 12% in In-city Distribution the 1980s Consists three water tunnels and water 2010. However, we ofstill discharge an estimated main network 30 billion gallons of CSOs each year.
Riv
r

West Branch Reservoir

Boyds Corner Reservoir Lake Gleneida Lake Gilead

Middle Branch Reservoir

ile s

P utnam Cou n ty

75

Kirk Lake

Bog Brook Reservoir East Branch Reservoir

Orange County

Croton Falls Reservoir Amawalk Reservoir

Diverting Reservoir Titicus Reservoir Cross River Reservoir

New Croton Reservoir

PENNSYLVANIA

Muscoot Reservoir

Westchester County

Rockland County

NEW YORK

Croton Aqueduct 1893

CONNECTICUT

Kensico Reservoir

sin

iv kR

er

50 M

iles

M 25

Ne

City rom s (f ile

) Hall

NEW JERSEY

Catskill Aqueduct

Delaware Aqueduct

Long Island Sound

Jerome Park Reservoir

Hillview Reservoir

Building on the Sustaina agement Plan, we release structure Plan in 2010. implementation strategy control program. We com fiscal years 2012 through begin implementing the p we are seeking approva and the United States E tion Agency (EPA) to mod agreements necessary t plan. We are working with grate green infrastructur program and in the Lon that will be completed f 2017. Each Long-Term C take a detailed examinati infrastructure investmen water quality standards.

pus

C re

ek

st

ver

square miles of coastal wetlands remain from

50

Mi

les

We

st

Third, some of our waterways are severely N impaired by contaminated sediments that leach 80 pollutants deposited decades ago. These legacy contaminants continue to degrade coastal ecosystems that never fully recovered from the levels of pollution and development that occurred during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Brooklyn

The Bluebelt system is composed of streams, ponds, and wetland areas that treat and detain stormwater prior to its release into the harbor. It Fourth, we also face challenges to our remain- safety valves, known as plants, the system has provides effective stormwater management for ing natural areas within our waterways. The combined sewer outfalls. Similarly, combined more than 14,000 acres of Staten Island, or about sewer outfalls shoreconstruction of bulkheads and hardenedare necessary in some locations one-third of its total land area. In effect, we have because have signifilines and the dredging of channels of limited capacity in the sewer system reshaped the natural environment to filter drainContinue and itself. These discharge cantly altered tidal wetlands, aquatic habitats, excess sanitary implementing grey infrastructure upgrades age from buildings, lots, and streets, instead of stormwater Estuary 1 Upgrade wastewater treatment plants to achieve secondary treatment standards and hydrology. For the Hudson-Raritanflowotherwise known as Comconstructing sewers through which this runoff bined City, only 14 as a whole, including New YorkSewer Overflows (CSOs)into the citys would be sent to surrounding waterways. 2 Upgrade treatment plants to reduce nitrogen discharges surrounding waterways during heavy rains.

ch

De

law

are

Hudso

n River

Source: NYC Dept. of Environmental Protection

ive

Neversink Riv

er

Manhattan

Hu

ds

on

Water Tunnel No.3 1996

Ri

ver

Bronx

Queens

Nassau County

Water Tunnel No.1 1917

Water Tunnel No.2 1936


Queens Groundwater Service Area

Silver Lake Park (underground storage tanks)

Richmond Tunnel 1970

Staten Island

New York Bay

Atlantic Ocean

of source controls throughout our built environment, we will capture rainwater before it enters our over-burdened sewer system. In 2008, the City undertook a comprehensive study of the costs and benefits of adopting citywide source control scenarios in the streets, sidewalks, private and public buildings, and parks. The result was a Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan that was the first in the country to analyze the location and feasibility

To implement sustainab controls across the city, w interagency Green Infrast will exploit opportunities public infrastructure pro approved specifications commonly-used applicati design and permitting pr poration of source contro

Our plan for waterways:

We are prepared to spen infrastructure over theB a investment, combined w s infrastructure investment i 40%. Through these inve c ture the first inch of rain fi ous surfaces within comb b budget includes funding w operations to ensure tha

Research
Blue-Green Roofs Inflitration System Highline

Research
Rainfall Comparison (inches) Rainfall Comparison (inches)

J New Orleans Miami New York City Seattle 0 - 1.99 2.0 - 3.99 4.0 - 5.99 6.0 - 7.99 8.0 and up

My

Jn

Jy

Ag

D New Orleans Miami New York City Seattle

62.7 61.7 49.9 28.2

PaverPlanterFilter

The Element

- a porous, plantable element that filters and directs rainwater runoff for the purpose of irrigation, gray-water use and/or ground water recharge - applicable for hybrid green - blue roofs, passive landscape, pocket parks, and streetscapes

rain water

infiltration landscape instantiable paver/planter that filters water as it passes through element

clean water connection singular connection that intercepts clean water stream, reducing building demand on city grid

current volume max volume

PaverPlanterFilter
A Single Paver Geometry Inputs Base Point Base Plane Parameter Inputs Dimension Parameters (Length, Width, Height) Editable Spline Geometry Outputs A volume made from blended Surfaces Parameter Outputs Dimension Parameters, to be defined by user Parametric changes in volume, designed through spline

dirt non-permeable suface permeable paver

1/2 of the plantable area

PaverPlanterFilter
Pavers in Tandem Geometry Inputs Base Point Base Plane Parameter Inputs Dimension Parameters that searve both grid + paver (Length, Width, Height) Editable Spline Geometry Outputs PaverUDF Parameter Outputs Dimension Parameters, to adjust grid and paver simultaneously Parametric changes across surface, designed through spline

dirt non-permeable suface permeable paver

PaverPlanterFilter
point Length (type: length) PlanterLengthRule
distance(Paver\Construct\Point.9, Inputs\AttractorSpline\Spline.1) distance(Paver\Construct\Point.11, Inputs\AttractorSpline\Spline.1) RadiusA = (Paver\Construct\Scaling.1\Ratio + .2) * (Length/4)

Input Geometry

spline

Parameters

plane

Width (type: length) Height (type: length)

PlanterWidthDepthRule

Process Geometry

points and lines built off inputs // tied to Length + Width parameter

vertical translation tied to Height parameter // Rules explicitly define rig to control polylines + surfaces

Rules

CurveRule

polyline tied to points that define the void for plantings

polyline vertexs softened by CurveRule, which is tied to the proportion of the planter

PaverPlanterFilter
point Length (type: length) PlanterLengthRule
distance(Paver\Construct\Point.9, Inputs\AttractorSpline\Spline.1) distance(Paver\Construct\Point.11, Inputs\AttractorSpline\Spline.1) RadiusA = (Paver\Construct\Scaling.1\Ratio + .2) * (Length/4)

Input Geometry

spline

Parameters

plane

Width (type: length) Height (type: length)

PlanterWidthDepthRule

Process Geometry

points and lines built off inputs // tied to Length + Width parameter

vertical translation tied to Height parameter // Rules explicitly define rig to control polylines + surfaces

Rules

CurveRule

polyline tied to points that define the void for plantings

polyline vertexs softened by CurveRule, which is tied to the proportion of the planter

PaverPlanterFilter
point

Input Geometry

Parameters

plane spline

Rules

* Width (type: length) * Height (type: length) *

Length (type: length)

PlanterLengthRule

distance(Paver\Construct\Point.9, Inputs\AttractorSpline\Spline.1) distance(Paver\Construct\Point.11, Inputs\AttractorSpline\Spline.1) RadiusA = (Paver\Construct\Scaling.1\Ratio + .2) * (Length/4)

PlanterWidthDepthRule CurveRule

*
Process Geometry

points and lines built off inputs // tied to Length + Width parameter

vertical translation tied to Height parameter // Rules explicitly define rig to control polylines + surfaces

polyline tied to points that define the void for plantings

polyline vertexs softened by CurveRule, which is tied to the proportion of the planter

PaverPlanterFilter
point

Input Geometry

Parameters

plane spline

Rules

* Width (type: length) * Height (type: length) *

Length (type: length)

PlanterLengthRule

distance(Paver\Construct\Point.9, Inputs\AttractorSpline\Spline.1) distance(Paver\Construct\Point.11, Inputs\AttractorSpline\Spline.1) RadiusA = (Paver\Construct\Scaling.1\Ratio + .2) * (Length/4)

PlanterWidthDepthRule CurveRule

*
Process Geometry

points and lines built off inputs // tied to Length + Width parameter

vertical translation tied to Height parameter // Rules explicitly define rig to control polylines + surfaces

polyline tied to points that define the void for plantings

polyline vertexs softened by CurveRule, which is tied to the proportion of the planter

PaverPlanterFilter
Parameters of Individual Pavers Parameter Inputs Dimension Parameters (Length, Width, Height) Editable Spline

Normative

Length

Width

Height

PaverPlanterFilter
Response to Spline Curve

PaverPlanterFilter
Response to Spline Curve

PaverPlanterFilter
Response to Spline Curve

PaverPlanterFilter
Response to Spline Curve

PaverPlanterFilter
Response to Spline Curve

PaverPlanterFilter
Response to Spline Curve

PaverPlanterFilter
Response to Spline Curve

PaverPlanterFilter
Response to Spline Curve

PaverPlanterFilter