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EBU TECHNICAL

Audio over IP
WBU-ISOG Geneva 30th November 2009

Mathias Coinchon
EBU TECHNICAL European Broadcasting Union

Audio over IP

EBU TECHNICAL - your reference in media technology and innovation

N/ACIP timeline 2005

ISDN will be phased out from end 2007 !! What replacement solution for audio contribution ?!
EBU TECHNICAL - your reference in media technology and innovation

N/ACIP timeline
2005

2006

ISDN will disappear in 2007 !! What solution for audio contribution ?!

EBU N/ACIP group started. Objective: find replacement solution German broadcasters and manufacturers meeting for Audio over IP First meeting with manufacturers in September (IBC)

EBU TECHNICAL - your reference in media technology and innovation

N/ACIP timeline
2005 2006

2007
>15 manufacturers Consensus on interoperability EBU TECH3326 standard publication Early implementations Tests

ISDN will disappear in 2007 !! What solution for audio contribution ?!

EBU N/ACIP group started. Objective: find replacement solution German broadcasters and manufacturers meeting for Audio over IP First meeting with manufacturers at IBC

EBU TECHNICAL - your reference in media technology and innovation

N/ACIP timeline
2005 2006 2007

2008-2009

ISDN will disappear in 2007 !! What solution for audio contribution ?!

EBU N/ACIP group started. Objective: find replacement solution German broadcasters and manufacturers meeting for Audio over IP First meeting with manufacturers at IBC

2 Plug test workshops at IRT with manufacturers EBU TECH 3329 tutorial >15 manufacturers Consensus on publication interoperability
EBU TECH3326 standard publication Early implementations Tests

EBU TECHNICAL - your reference in media technology and innovation

N/ACIP timeline
2005 2006 2007 2008-2009

ISDN will disappear in 2007 !! What solution for audio contribution ?!

EBU N/ACIP group started. Objective: find replacement solution German broadcasters and manufacturers meeting for Audio over IP First meeting with manufacturers at IBC

>15 manufacturers Consensus on interoperability EBU TECH3326 standard publication Early implementations Tests

2 Plug test workshops at IRT with manufacturers EBU TECH 3329 tutorial publication

EBU TECHNICAL - your reference in media technology and innovation

Technical overview
Signaling Audio coding
Audio over IP application A Audio over IP application B

Audio stream / Packets

Audio stream / Packets

Encapsulation
RTP TCP IP NC UDP RTP UDP TCP IP NC

Transport protocol CODEC

IP network

NETWORK In red: standardized elements in EBU TECH3326


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Audio coding
Minimum set of codecs for compatibility A: Mandatory codecs (A minimum set, always to be found) G.711 G.722 MPEG-1/2 Layer II PCM 16 bits, 20 bits, 24 bits B: Recommended codecs MPEG-4 AAC, MPEG-4 AAC-LD MPEG-1/2 Layer III C: Optional codecs Enhanced APT-X, MPEG-4 HE-AACv2, Dolby AC-3...

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EBU TECH 3326 specification


Transport protocols
RTP: Realtime Transfer Protocol on top of User Datagram Protocol (UDP) TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) is optional

RTP media payload formats according to IETF RFC specifications


IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force

Signalling protocols
SDP : Session Description Protocol (RFC4566) SIP : Session Initiation Protocol (RFC3261) SAP : Session Announcement Protocol (RFC2974) Offer/Answer model for SDP (RFC3264) for codec negotiation

=> Compatibility with Voice over IP systems based on SIP


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SIP interoperability

3G + Wi-Fi VoIP Phone

IP NETW

Firewall

Studio-side AoIP Codec

Reporters AoIP Codec

SIP Proxy and Registrar Server

SIP servers associate names with IP addresses and allow a reporter* to be found, whatever the location, whatever the device! *e.g. - sip:reportername@sr.se or telephone number
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2nd plugtest workshop IRT - May 2009


11 participating manufacturers
AEQ, AETA, APT, AVT, Digigram, Mandozzi, Mayah, Orban, Prodys, Telos, Tieline Late/withdrawn: Technica del arte, Comrex

Organisation:
55 sessions of 1.5 hours: 82.5 hours (cumulated) of testing 6 measurement tables Wireshark captures (free/open packet sniffing software)

Tests:
All connection through SIP proxy/registar (provided by WDR) Codecs tested: G.711, G.722, MPEG LII 256kbps 48kHz stereo, PCM 20 bits 48kHz stereo, MPEG-4 AAC-LC 160kbps, MPEG-4 AAC-LD 160kbps

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Plugtest Network

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Wireshark packet capture

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Wireshark SIP analysis

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Plugtest II

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Plugtest II

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Results, main issues


SIP signalling
Ambiguous messages Incompatibilies with SIP Proxy (Open SER). No SIP proxy reference exists.

SDP signalling
Wrong parameters signalling AAC: complex syntax with references to MPEG standards

RTP encapsulation
PCM: big endian/little endian AAC: many uses LATM, ADTS or LOAS but raw AAC is specified

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Audio contribution over IP devices

Software codecs Reporter codecs

Studio, OBVan Codecs

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Networks

IP INTERNET

No real IP network equivalent to ISDN nowadays


ISDN: public international network with Quality of Service

Internet as the only international public IP network


No Quality of Service

Private IP network solution get widespread


Big telecom operators Inmarsat or DVB-RCS providers

Eurovision development of DVB-RCS solution

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Conclusion on ACIP
EBU TECH 3326 implementation soon reaches maturity
Clarifications needed. 4th revision TECH3326 in preparation. Almost all manufacturers are compatible with mandatory audio coding First AAC interoperability

IMPORTANT: ASK FOR INTEROPERABILITY TO THE MANUFACTURERS REMAINING ISSUE: NEED FOR AN INTERNATIONAL IP NETWORK WITH QoS

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Other EBU activities on networks

EBU TECHNICAL - your reference in media technology and innovation

Other NMC project groups


N/VCIP: Video contribution over IP
Chair: Markus Berg (IRT) Current work: MXF over IP specification Liaison with Video Services Forum (VSF, US organisation) for uncompressed transport, etc

N/I3P: Intercom Interoperability over IP


Chair: Claire Mrienne (France 3) Current work: specification for intercom (based ACIP spec.) First meeting with manufacturers during IBC 2009

N/IPM: IP networks measurement and profiling


Chair: Yuan-Xing Zheng (BBC R&D)

N/CNCS : Common Network Control Strategy


Chair: Chris Chambers (BBC R&D)
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N/I3P: Intercom Interoperability over IP


N/I3P: Intercom interoperability over IP
TV Intercom (4 wires) Presenter return channel

Subset of TECH3326 done for N/ACIP


SIP signalling (like Voice over IP systems) RTP transport Audio voice codecs: G.711, G.722, Speex (free, open source)

First meeting with manufacturers during IBC Draft in preparation

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EBU N/VCIP profiles


Profile 1: Uncompressed (SD, HD) over IP
Studio and Inter-studio environments

Profile 2: MPEG TS over IP


Inter-studio, sports, news

Profile 3: MXF streaming over IP


Studio, Inter-studio (JPEG2000 and other production formats)

Profile 4: Low bitrate


News, small offices

EBU TECHNICAL - your reference in media technology and innovation

EBU TECHNICAL

Thank you
Questions ? coinchon@ebu.ch

http://tech.ebu.ch