1 Voturi pozitive0 Voturi negative

407 (de) vizualizări57 paginiApr 05, 2012

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

407 (de) vizualizări

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Flange Leakage.ppt
- Allowable Pump Piping Loads
- Procedure for Piping Stres Analysis Offshore)
- Caesar II Load Case
- 2905 Edgar Expansion Joints With Caesar II
- Stress Analysis of PSV Connected Piping1
- C2 CAU Express Load Cases
- 2016 Cau Caesar II Cooling
- Dynamic Analysis Screening by Dave Diehl
- Exchanger Modelling Procedure
- C2 CAU Express Modal
- CAU 2014
- Slug Flow Analysis
- 04 - Branch Connections
- CAESAR_Building Static Load Cases
- Fatigue Analysis in Caesar II
- Taller1 Hanger Sizing in Caesar
- Stress Analysis Report
- C-30 Guide to Ceaser 2
- Piping Stress Handbook

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 57

Cyclic factor in allowed expansion stress range Longitudinal stress due to sustained loads Allowed stress for occasional loads Appendix P Appendix S Weld joint strength reduction B31E Unless indicated otherwise all ASME B31.3 references are to the 2010 Edition

CAESAR II Version 2011 was released on November 22, 2010 ASME B31.3 2010 Edition was issued on March 31, 2011 CAESAR II 2011 does not directly reference B31.3 2010

Expansion stress range must be less than SA SA is defined in equations (1a) & (1b) SA is a function of the cyclic factor f

The definition of f has changed

A Plot of f

Changes to high and low cycle factors f Equations put in and simplified table removed f factors extended from 2,000,000 cycles to an unlimited number of cycles f factors of greater than 1 permitted for less than 7,000 cycles

An increase in f , up to 1.2 is permitted This is the margin between the allowable displacement stress range and twice yield 1.2*1.25(Sc+Sh) =1.5*[2/3(Syc)+2/3(Syh)] =Syc+Syh Shakedown behavior is preserved Not permitted for temperatures in the creep regime Not permitted for some materials where the existing rules may be non-conservative

An endurance limit stress range was calculated based on ASME OM-3*, which provides guidelines for evaluation of nuclear power plant piping vibration An f factor of 0.15 gives an endurance limit stress range for typical carbon steel material The factor of 0.15 is conservative for austenitic stainless steel material

* ASME OM-3: Pre-operational and Initial Startup Vibration Testing of Nuclear Power Plant Piping Systems

Recent work (Hinnant and Paulin) has shown the original fatigue curves developed by Markl are flatter than they should be This makes them potentially unconservative at high cycles Work is underway to develop a new appendix (proposed as Appendix W) to provide improved rules for high cycle fatigue Expect f=6N-0.2 to become f=17N-0.32

CAESAR II Implementation

CAESAR II Implementation

f=6N-0.2 Maximum=1.0

CAESAR II Implementation

SA=f(1.25Sc+0.25Sh)=f*100MPa

f=6N-0.2 Maximum=1.2

Previous Editions: 302.3.5(c) The sum of longitudinal stresses, SL, in any component in a piping system, due to sustained loads such as pressure and weight, shall not exceed Sh.

Until 2010, the Base Code provided verbal description for limits on longitudinal stress due to sustained loads

Includes stress due to axial load and bending moment Use wall thickness minus allowances States that loads are usually calculated based on nominal thickness and stress resulting from those loads are based on thickness less allowances (corrosion/erosion/mechanical) Does not address torsion Does not address stress indices

Provides a specific equation for calculating longitudinal stress due to sustained loads Previously presented in Code Case 178 Stress due to torsion is specifically included Stress indices are included

Stress Indices

0.75i included as a stress index for calculating bending stress due to sustained loads Applicability of 0.75 for components other than elbows is questionable, but the benefits of having a consistent approach led to incorporation 0.75 factor same as B31.1

Axial force term now specifically includes axial force due to internal pressure, the pressure stress is no longer added as PD/4t (CAESAR II, by default, uses PAin/Axs) As such, equation is always correct, considering the potential effect of expansion joints

CAESAR II Implementation

B31.3- 2010 paragraph 3.20 can be applied now by setting the Code Case 178 switch to TRUE in the Configuration file This does not incorporate axial and torsion stress indices

For temperatures above 800F (427C), the sum of the longitudinal stresses due to pressure, weight, other sustained loadings, and stresses produced by occasional loads, SL, must not exceed 90% of the yield strength at temperature times a strength reduction factor. SL 0.90(Syt)(X)(Ec); Ec is casting quality factor

Where the strength reduction factor X = 1.0 for austenitic stainless steels and 0.8 for other materials This alternative may not be used for materials with non-ductile behavior.

CAESAR II Implementation

CAESAR II does not identify basic allowable stresses controlled by creep This adjustment to the allowed stress limit for sustained plus occasional loads remains the responsibility of the user.

Appendix P

They are alternative rules Either the Base Code or Appendix P may be used for evaluating expansion stress range If either is satisfied, the system is Code compliant it may fail one and pass the other, but both are conservative

Operating Conditions

A more complete fatigue analysis, looking at differences between operating conditions, rather than displacement stress only Nonlinear effects are inherently included, as are shifts in support effort There is no ambiguity related to the inclusion of SL in the allowable stress, as in the Base Code. (SL can change based on active, nonlinear support configuration.) (1b): SA=f[1.25(Sc+Sh-SL)]

Appendix P

Fatigue analysis based on differences of combined load states, as it would be in a detailed fatigue analysis such as per Section VIII, Div 2. The stress range is computed and compared to the allowable of 1.25f(Sc+Sh) SL is not included in the allowable, prevention of ratchet is handled in a different fashion

Appendix P

Shut down at ambient temperature is one of the operating conditions (so the range from that to other operating conditions is considered) Stresses due to axial loads are always included, so that they are included if they are significant (which is a Base Code requirement)

Appendix P

Stress intensification factors provided for axial loads based on committee judgment

The higher, out-plane sif for bending is used as the axial sif, except for elbows Since axial load on an elbow creates bending on the other side of the elbow, no additional sif on axial load is included Basically considers axial load as an equivalent bending

Control of Ratchet

Ratchet is prevented by also limiting maximum operating stress This limit effectively reduces the allowable displacement stress range as the stress due to sustained loads increases Maximum operating stress limited to 1.5(Sc+Sh)

CAESAR II Implementation

CAESAR II Implementation

CAESAR II Implementation

Appendix S

Appendix S

Example flexibility analysis problems now provided in Appendix S Demonstrate Code intent for flexibility analysis

A simple case A case illustrating a nonlinear support, with the pipe lifting off of a support A case with moment reversal

CAESAR II Implementation

CAESAR II results were included in these examples

CAESAR II Implementation

CAESAR II Implementation

CAESAR II Implementation

The creep strength of welds may be lower than the creep strength of the base material Mandatory consideration in membrane stress Optional in bending stress

The failure of this 30 inch diameter steam line, operating at 900 psi and 1000 degF, shutdown the Mohave, California power plant. The failure occurred along a longitudinal weld in the pipe. BEAR engineers determined that although the weld metal was stronger than the pipe steel at room temperature, the creep, or high temperature deformation rate of the weld metal was 10 times greater than the pipe's base metal. This mismatch led to failure after 10 years of operation. The ASME Piping Codes have been changed to prevent this type of failure based in part on analysis work performed by BEAR on this failure and others. - http://www.bearinc.com/projects/refinerypowerplants.html

Introduced in the 2004 edition Task Force formed to include them in B31.1 and Section I developed a consensus that has led to some changes in the 2008 edition of B31.3 Applies in the creep regime, starting at a temperature 50oF below the temperature, Tcr, at which creep properties govern when establishing the allowable Recognizes that many weldments have creep strength less than the base material

Factor, W, applies in pressure design Factor W did apply to girth welds for longitudinal stress due to sustained loads but this was changed as a compromise to get consistent rules between Codes Code now states that application of W for evaluation of longitudinal stresses due to sustained loads is the responsibility of the designer

Factor, W, does not apply for stress due to occasional loads because of their short duration Factor, W, does not apply to thermal expansion type stress since these stresses relax in the creep regime and are not sustained Values may be developed by creep tests

Single curve for all materials now replaced with material specific curves Start temperature depends upon start temperature at which creep governs the allowable stress Slope of factor versus temperature is generally the same as the prior B31.3 curve Creep Strength Enhanced Ferritics assigned a factor of 0.5 in the creep regime if the PWHT is Subcritical

Autogenous welds in austenitic stainless steel assigned a factor of 1.0 Section III, Subsection NH referenced for alternative factors for 304 SS welded with 316 SS rod

CAESAR II Implementation

In CAESAR II,Wl references the longitudinal welds Here, a value of 0.85 is entered for 304 stainless steel at 600C

CAESAR II Implementation

By default, circumferential welds are not checked

CAESAR II Implementation

In CAESAR II, Wc references the value specified for girth welds Here, the value of 0.85 is entered

CAESAR II Implementation

Some CAESAR II materials have W specified You can add your own data as well

ASME B31E

New standard for evaluation of piping systems for earthquake loads Intended to be referenced by all B31 Codes Provides design by rule for most systems Requires detailed analysis for only critical larger diameter systems Provides a new allowable stress for seismic loads

ASME B31E

Currently ASME B31.3 does not explicitly reference B31E:

B31.3 B31E

B31E

B31E defines allowable stress for sustained plus seismic load Minimum of:

2.4S 1.5SY 60ksi (408MPa)

B31E - 2010

The 2010 Edition defines ASCE 7 terms for setting seismic load.

CAESAR II Implementation

There are unresolved issues with using the seismic demand requirements of the ASCE 7 building code for piping.

ASD v LRFD (0.7 factor in LRFD gives ASD) Value for R for piping

In Conclusion

Over the last few B31.3 Editions there have been several changes that reflect the improved analytical capabilities beyond the slide rule for which the Code was originally designed. CAESAR II has kept pace with these changes and has participated in this development.

Any Questions?

- Flange Leakage.pptÎncărcat devrindk
- Allowable Pump Piping LoadsÎncărcat deSeungmin Paek
- Procedure for Piping Stres Analysis Offshore)Încărcat deayounga
- Caesar II Load CaseÎncărcat devikramacb
- 2905 Edgar Expansion Joints With Caesar IIÎncărcat deGicu
- Stress Analysis of PSV Connected Piping1Încărcat desj22
- C2 CAU Express Load CasesÎncărcat dephunghalong
- 2016 Cau Caesar II CoolingÎncărcat deGentelmanOnly
- Dynamic Analysis Screening by Dave DiehlÎncărcat deynhkng
- Exchanger Modelling ProcedureÎncărcat detejasp8388
- C2 CAU Express ModalÎncărcat deerikoh
- CAU 2014Încărcat devinay1999
- Slug Flow AnalysisÎncărcat deMohd Firdaus Abd Latif
- 04 - Branch ConnectionsÎncărcat dedario84
- CAESAR_Building Static Load CasesÎncărcat deg.negrini8304
- Fatigue Analysis in Caesar IIÎncărcat dePrashant Agrawal
- Taller1 Hanger Sizing in CaesarÎncărcat deAnkith
- Stress Analysis ReportÎncărcat deErarunv
- C-30 Guide to Ceaser 2Încărcat deSaúl Mendoza
- Piping Stress HandbookÎncărcat deNishith
- Power of Symbol KeysÎncărcat deHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- GET Smart – Educating Unintelligent ObjectsÎncărcat deHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- CAU2011-PPT-TreyWalters JimWilcox.pptxÎncărcat deprembind
- Spec Editor Pipe SupportsÎncărcat deGerry
- CAESAR II-Applications GuideÎncărcat deTakChi_Lam
- 02 - Making C2 Your OwnÎncărcat deJaime Luis Mercado Velandia
- Drawing Production Using OrthoGenÎncărcat deHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- Hanger SizingÎncărcat desamprof4vw
- BURIED PIPING ANALYSIS_al kaye ppdfb07.pdfÎncărcat dei_tiberius_m8153

- Aalco_ButtweldÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- FDÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- 4piping Qa Fluor DanielÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- 2piping Qa Fluor DanielÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- Flowmeter DatasheetÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- popupHelpÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- 3piping Qa Fluor DanielÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- 1piping Qa Fluor DanielÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- PD01_Plot Plan ContentsÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- PD09 ContentsÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- Thermal Insulation and Pipe StressÎncărcat desateesh chand
- Quick Check on Piping FlexibilityÎncărcat desateesh chand
- Partition 1Încărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- Bellow StiffnessÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- Anvil SPF CatalogÎncărcat deghostinshell
- Araldite2000plus Metals a4 Eng LoresÎncărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- Data Sheet PPR 1002899Încărcat deBhoopendra Singh
- ansi b 16.11Încărcat deElangovan Arumugam

- Mit2 080jf13 Probset 10Încărcat deahmadomar89
- Comparative Study of Strength of RC Shear Wall at Different Location on Multi-storied Residential BuildingÎncărcat deshahkaushal04
- 371 Sample Problems for Final Exam Sp04Încărcat deShahri Ghani
- CVL312 Lecture 1Încărcat deJay
- BS5950-90Încărcat deIgor
- Beam Design of Reinforced ConcreteÎncărcat deAmanda Smith
- BS EN 01062-7-2004.pdfÎncărcat dejohn
- SFD-KBC-2009Încărcat delee
- Water TankÎncărcat deIntezaar
- MethodologyÎncărcat deMuhammad Rizwan
- Lecture 2 Intro Continued_2072Încărcat deChan Keng Chun
- Crash Analysis Criteria 1.6.2Încărcat deGustavo Morales
- Resistance of Members to Flexural BucklingÎncărcat deAnonymous iS33V5
- Types and Forms of Shell StructuresÎncărcat deDexter Shane Mangaring
- up_adsÎncărcat dePranit Kumar Das
- Strand7 DemonstrationÎncărcat demorganflexer
- MAJOR-I.pptxÎncărcat deAbhinav Nayyar
- Thermal Buckling of a Functionally Graded BeamÎncărcat deReza Shahsana
- A Study of Three-Node Triangular Plate Bending ElementsÎncărcat deGirish Dev Chaurasiya
- KissLaszloPeter_phd.pdfÎncărcat deJinho Jung
- Design of Machine ElementsÎncărcat deDida Khaling
- beams with openingsÎncărcat dehemanthyadav
- Structural Feasibility Report of Dh1539bÎncărcat deSaiful Hoque Sohel
- Chapter 5 Approximate.docÎncărcat deAlfia Bano
- syllabus book.pdfÎncărcat deShannu Bommakanti
- Yankee Pressure Test TAPPIÎncărcat demgmqro
- Merchant Ship ConstructionÎncărcat deharjono
- Continuous BeamÎncărcat deFaizal Aliasak
- 16141275 General Connections in Steel Buildings(2)Încărcat dedaemsal
- DD_CEN_TS_1992-4-3-2009Încărcat deMichał

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.