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Etica nicomahic este o scriere ce aparine lui Aristotel i apare ca fiind scris n jurul anului 350 .Hr.

Lucrarea este structurat pe 10 cri, avnd ca subiect virtutea. Numele de Etica Nicomahic, provine de la numele fiului lui Aristotel, Nicomahus, despre care se consider c ar fi editat cartea, avnd n vedere c aceasta fusese conceput de Aristotel drept curs pentru discipolii si. Etica Nicomahica se aseaman n mare parte cu o alt scriere, Etica Eudemic. Att Etica Nicomahic ct i Etica Eudemic ncep cu discuia despre eudaimonia (fericire) i se ncheie cu discuia despre virtute i ceea ce necesit oamenii pentru a-i tri viaa cel mai bine. Amndou examineaz condiiile n care slvirea sau blamarea sunt potrivite i ambele vorbesc despre natura plcerii i a prieteniei. n ciuda faptului c ambele lucrri exprim acelai punct de vedere, este evident c una dintre ele reprezint o versiune mbuntait a celeilalte, iar de multe ori este considerat c Etica Nicomahic este versiunea mbuntit a Eticii Eudemice. Aristotel, prin Etica Nicomahic este un deschiztor de drumuri, pn la el neamaifiind o abordare sistematic a eticii ntr-un tratat. Ideea principal cu care Aristotel i ncepe cartea este aceea c exist diferene de opinie despre ceea ce este cel mai bine pentru oameni i aceste diferene trebuie rezolvate. Se pune intrebarea : Care este binele? Aristotel nu caut o list de lucruri care sunt bune pentru c o astfel de lista ar fi uor de ntocmit. Aristotel caut binele drept binele cel mai nalt i consider c acesta, oricare ar fi el, are trei caracteristici: este dezirabil n sine, nu este dezirabil pentru un alt lucru, i toate celelalte lucruri sunt dezirabile pentru el. Nimeni nu triete pentru un alt scop dect cel al binelui cel mai nalt pentru c eudaimon este cel mai nalt scop i toate scopurile subordonate, cum ar fi sntatea sau bunstarea sunt dorite pentru faptul c promoveaz binele i nu pentru ca sunt ele nsele binele.

Ethics nicomahic is writing what belongs to Aristotle and appears to have been written around 350 BC The book is structured in 10 books, dealing with light. Ethics Nicomahic name, the name comes from Aristotle's son, Nicomahus, which is deemed to be published book, since it was conceived by Aristotle as being for his disciples. Ethics Nicomahica resembles in large part by another writing, ethics Eudemic. Both Nicomahic Ethics and Ethics Eudemic begin with discussion about eudaimonia (happiness) and ends with discussion about courage and what people need to live life the best. Both examine the conditions under which slvirea or censure are appropriate and both talk about the nature of pleasure and friendship. Despite the fact that both works express the same point of view, it is obvious that one is an improved version of the other, and often is considered the Ethics Nicomahic is improved version of Ethics Eudemice. Aristotle, the Ethics Nicomahic is a pioneer until he neamaifiind a systematic approach to ethics in a treaty. Main idea with which Aristotle begins his book is that there are differences of opinion about what is best for people and these differences should be resolved. The question: What is good? Aristotle is not seeking a list of things that are good for such a list would be prepared easily. Aristotel looking good as the highest good and believes that it, whatever it be, has three characteristics: it is desirable in itself, is not desirable for one another, and all other things are desirable for him. Nobody lives for a purpose other than the highest good for eudaimon that is best for all purposes and upon such as health or welfare is desired that promotes good and not because they are themselves good.

At the end of the 13-th century, the works of Aristotle became wellknown in their Latin translation and accompanied by commentaries, through some thinkers belonging to the school led by Sigir Bracabat, known as Averroes; () the reconstruction of mediaeval philosophy isnt possible without taking into consideration the Oriental moment, especially without Avicena and Averroes, as dominant attitudes. First of all, because they maintain vivid and develop Platoons tradition, especially the Aristotle one, then for what they bring new. They havent been only commenters but also registrators quotation belonging to G.Vladutescu, in O.Drimba, Istoria culturii si civilizatiei, Vestal Printing