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Physics 131

Lafayette College

Department of Physics

Level II Homework Set

April 15, 2012

Section 3

Yo u m ay discuss these problems with one or two o ther students (or with your instructor), but your ﬁnal solutions should be written out by you alone. Under no circumstances should you see another student’s written solutions. If you have discussed these problems with anyone (including any instructor) you must acknowledge the collaboration at the beginning of the corresponding problem. Homework is due in my ofﬁce by the evening of the due date and solutions will then be made available on the course web site:

http://workbench.lafayette.edu/˜novacoad/Courses/Phys131/Spring.12.html

No homework will be accepted after this time.

Yo u a re expected to carefully explain how, s tarting from basic principles, you have a rrive d a t your answers. Please do not use paper with edges frayed from being ripped out of a spiral bound notebook. If the papers are illegible or disorganized, we reserve the right to return these papers without being graded. Unless instructed otherwise, all answers should be correct to 3 or 4 sig. ﬁgs.

Assignment 12:

Due Thursday, April 19, 2012

Problem 1: Using the diagrams given out in class (you can also stop by my ofﬁce), ﬁnd the torque on the torsional ﬁber attached to the suspended dumbbell. The diagram has all the needed values.

Problem 2: Show that if an extended body is placed in a uniform gravitational ﬁeld, the torque on this object is equivalent to a the net gravitational force acting at the center of mass as a single force. Yo u m ust ﬁrst ﬁnd the total gravitational force acting on an extended body. A lso show that the gravitational potential energy is that of this same single effective force. Start from the sum over all particles in the body for each of these calculations and explain your steps.

Problem 3: Consider an electric dipole placed in a uniform electric ﬁeld. Show that the net force on this dipole is zero and the net torque is given by pp EE, that is the cross product of the dipole moment and the electric ﬁeld.

Problem 4: Consider the ‘‘race of the hoops’’ problem we did in class. Now analyze this problem by ﬁnding the linear acceleration of the hoops and using kinematics to ﬁnd the time it tak es each to reach the bottom of the ramp. Yo u w ill need to do this by looking at both the accel- eration of the center of mass and the angular acceleration about the center of mass. Assume the rolling without slipping condition.

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April 15, 2012 Page 2

Problem 5: At time zero, an object is rotating about the y-axis with an angular velocity . This object consists of two masses, each of mass m. The ﬁrst mass is located at y = H and x = D and the second is located at y = H and x = D. Calculate the angular momentum vector about the origin, and show that it is not in the direction of the angular velocity, namely the y-axis. Now add two more masses at points such that the body forms a symmetric X. Show that the angular momentum of this symmetric body is aligned with the angular velocity vector. This is the physics behind the dynamical balancing of the tires on your car. If the angular momentum of an object is not aligned with the angular velocity,atorque is required to keep the object rotating about the ﬁxed axis given by . This creates major wear and tear on your wheel bearings.