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# HOME WORK 1.

A motors shaft is spinning at a speed of 3000 r/min. What is the shaft speed in radians per second?

A flywheel with a moment of inertia of 2 kgm2 is initially at rest. If a torque of 5 Nm (counterclockwise) is suddenly applied to the flywheel, what will be the speed of the flywheel after 5 s? Express that speed in both radians per second and revolutions per minute.

A motor is supplying 60 Nm of torque to its load. If the motors shaft is turning at 1800 r/min, what is the mechanical power supplied to the load in watts? In horsepower?

A ferromagnetic core is shown in Figure . The depth of the core is 5 cm. The other dimensions of the core are as shown in the figure. Find the value of the current that will produce a flux of 0.005 Wb. With this current, what is the flux density at the top of the core? What is the flux density at the right side of the core? Assume that the relative permeability of the core is 1000.

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HOME WORK 1. 5 A ferromagnetic core with a relative permeability of 1500 is shown in Figure . The dimensions are as shown in the diagram, and the depth of the core is 7 cm. The air gaps on the left and right sides of the core are 0.070 and 0.020 cm, respectively. Because of fringing effects, the effective area of the air gaps is 5 percent larger than their physical size. If there are 4001 turns in the coil wrapped around the center leg of the core and if the current in the coil is 1.0 A, what is the flux in each of the left, center, and right legs of the core? What is the flux density in each air gap?

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A core with three legs is shown in Figure. Its depth is 5 cm, and there are 200 turns on the leftmost leg. The relative permeability of the core can be assumed to be 1500 and constant. What flux exists in each of the three legs of the core? What is the flux density in each of the legs? Assume a 4% increase in the effective area of the air gap due to fringing effects.

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The secondary winding of a transformer has a terminal voltage of v2= 282.8 sin 377 t V . The turns ratio of the transformer is 100:200 (a = 0.50). If the secondary current of the transformer is 2= 7.07 sin 377t- 36.87A , what is the primary current of this transformer? What are its voltage regulation and efficiency? The impedances of this transformer referred to the primary side are (Use the appraximate equivalent circuit) Req=R1+R2=0.2 ohm RFe=RC=300 ohm Xeq=X1+X2=0.750 ohm XM=80 hm

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Transformer Voltage Regulation and Efficiency The output voltage of a transformer varies with the load even if the input voltage remains constant. This is because a real transformer has series impedance within it. Full load Voltage Regulation is a quantity that compares the output voltage at no load with the output voltage at full load, defined by this equation:

Where

## Vs,nl: seconder no load voltage

At no load, VS = VP/a thus,

## Vs,fl: seconder full load voltage

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The equivalent circuit impedances of a 20kVA, 8000/240V, 60Hz transformer are to be determined. The open circuit test and the short circuit test were performed on the primary side of the transformer, and the following data were taken: Open circuit test (primary) Short circuit test VOC = 8000 V VSC = 489 V IOC = 0.214 A ISC = 2.5 A POC = 400 W PSC = 240 W

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(a) Find the equivalent circuit referred to the low-voltage side of this transformer. (b) If the voltage on the secondary side is 13.8 kV and the power supplied is 4000 kW at 0.8 PF lagging, find the voltage regulation of the transformer. Find its efficiency.

Transformer Efficiency Transformer efficiency is defined as (applies to motors, generators and transformers):

Types of losses incurred in a transformer: Copper I2R losses Hysteresis losses Eddy current losses Therefore, for a transformer, efficiency may be calculated using the following:

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Prob. 10

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Prob. 12

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