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TRAILERS POST ENG

3/13/07

8:35 AM

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DOT HS 808545
TP 14117

Revised

02/07

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TRAILERS:

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FEDERAL LIGHTING EQUIPMENT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS


TC-1002262 *TC-1002262*
DEPA RT M

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F TRANS TO PO EN

CA

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RI

This table summarizes lighting equipment requirements contained in Federal/Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108. For complete compliance requirements consult Title 49 - Code of Federal Regulations, Section 571.108. (USA) and Section 108 of the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations (Canada). State or Provincial regulations, where they may apply, have not been included.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Every lamp, reflex reflector, and conspicuity treatment must be permanently attached in the location specified below and must comply with all applicable requirements prescribed for it by FMVSS/CMVSS 108. The face of any device on the front/rear and sides should be, respectively perpendicular and parallel to the vehicles centerline, unless it is photometrically certified at installation angle. No part of the vehicle shall prevent any device from meeting its prescribed requirements unless an auxiliary device meeting all prescribed requirements is installed. IN CANADA: Manufacturers and importers of vehicles must have the proper certification test records demonstrating compliance of lighting components with all prescribed requirements.

BASIC EQUIPMENT REQUIRED ON ALL TRAILERS


DESCRIPTION
Area Equipment Tail Lamps Stop Lamps Rear Turn Signal Lamps Rear Reflex Reflectors SAE Lens Coding (T) (S) (I) (A) Functional Purpose Indicate vehicles presence and width Indicate braking Indicate direction of turn Indicate vehicles presence and width Illuminates license plate Quantity Minimum 2 Minimum 2 Minimum 2 Minimum 2 Minimum 1 Minimum 2 Minimum 2 Minimum 2 Minimum 2

UN
IT
ST

M ATES OF A

People Saving People


http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov http://www.tc.gc.ca
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3 2

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MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
Color Red Red Red or Amber Red Location On the rear - symmetrical as far apart as practicable On the rear - symmetrical as far apart as practicable On the rear - symmetrical as far apart as practicable On the rear - symmetrical as far apart as practicable facing rearward On the rear - above or at the sides of license plate Each side at rear as far back as practicable Each side at rear as far back as practicable facing sideward Each side at front as far forward as practicable Each side at front as far forward as practicable facing sideward Height mm(in.) from the ground 380-1830 (15-72) 380-1830 (15-72) 380-2110 (15-83) 380-1530 (15-60) No requirement 380-1530 (15-60) no max. for veh. under 2032mm (80) wide 380-1530 (15-60) 380 (15) minimum 380-1530 (15-60)

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4ab

2 3

License Plate Lamp(s) Rear Side Marker Lamps Rear Side Reflex Reflectors

(L) (P2, PC* or) P3, PC2*) (A)

White Red

5ab

6 1

11

1 6

*photometrically certified at installation angle

a b

Front Side Marker Lamps Front Side Reflex Reflectors

(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*) (A)

Front and rear side marker lamps / side reflex reflectors indicate vehicles presence and length

Red

4ab 12 12 8

Amber

*photometrically certified at installation angle

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10

Amber

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT FOR TRAILERS EXCEEDING THE FOLLOWING PARAMETERS


Length 9.1m (30 ft.) or longer
Area Equipment SAE Lens Coding (P2, P3, PC* or PC2*) (A)

DESCRIPTION
Functional Purpose Indicate presence of a long vehicle Indicate presence of a long vehicle Quantity Minimum 2

MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
Color Amber Location Each side near center facing sideward Each side near center facing sideward Height mm(in.) from the ground 380 (15) minimum 380-1530 (15-60)

a b

Intermediate Side Marker Lamps Intermediate Side Reflex Reflectors

5a 6 1 4a 3 1 6

*photometrically certified at installation angle

Minimum 2

Amber

Width 2032mm (80 in.) or wider


DESCRIPTION
Area Equipment Rear Clearance Lamps Rear Identification (ID) Lamps SAE Lens Coding (P2, PC* or P3, PC2*) (P2 or P3) Functional Purpose Show vehicles width MAY NOT be combined with tail lamps Indicate presence of a wide vehicle

MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
Quantity Minimum 2 Exactly 3 Color Red Location At widest point - symmetrical on the rear or near the rear facing rearward On the rear - center horizontally spaced 150mm (6 in.) to 300mm (12 in.) apart facing rearward At widest point - symmetrical on the front or near the front facing forward Height As high as practicable may be lower only if ID lamps are at the top At the top may be lower if door header narrower than 25mm As high as practicable

6 7 8

12 5ab 8 4ab 12

* upper OR lower position

*photometrically certified at installation angle

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10 6

Red

Front Clearance Lamps

(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*)

Show vehicles width

Minimum 2

Amber

*photometrically certified at installation angle

Width 2032mm (80 in.) or wider AND GVWR 4536 kg (10,000 lb.) or more
DESCRIPTION
Area Conspicuity Treatment Rear Upper Body Markings Bumper Bar Marking DOT Coding

8 4a

5a

MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
Quantity Exactly 2 pairs of 300mm long strips Continuous DOT-C DOT-C2 DOT-C3 DOT-C4 Color White Location On the rear upper corners facing rearward On the rear bumper bars horizontal element full width - facing rearward On the rear full width of the vehicle facing rearward Height At the top Options Reflex reflectors may not be required if they are replaced in their required location with conspicuity treatment. Optional in Canada: Rear lower body and side conspicuity treatment may also be solid white, solid yellow, or white and yellow.

9 10 11 12

Red/White

No requirement

Rear Lower Body Marking

Continuous

Red/White (see options)

As horizontal as practicable and as close as practicable to the range of 375 to 1525mm from the ground

1 3 12 5ab 4ab 12

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Side Marking

(see location)

Red/White (see options)

Each side - facing sideward As horizontal as practicable and continuous, or evenly spaced as close as practicable to the range over minimum of 50% of length of 375 to 1525mm from the ground starts and ends as close to the front and rear of the vehicle as practicable

NOTE: The edge of red conspicuity tape shall not be closer than 75 mm to the edge of any amber lamp and the edge of white conspicuity tape shall not be closer than 75 mm to the edge of any lamp

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For more information contact: Transport Canada: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration:

Motor Vehicle Safety Enforcement Branch Office of Safety Performance Standards

Attention: Compliance Engineering Fax: 613-998-4831 Attention: Richard Van Iderstine Fax: 202-366-4329