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[WIRELESS N 802.

11 N ALI GHALEHBAN ASSUMPTION UNIVERSITY ]

Wireless N 802.11N
Assumption University of Thailand ICT 6201- Mobile and Wireless Network (3/2011) Term paper Ali Ghalehban Zanajab aligalehban@gmail.com

Introduction
IEEE 802.11n is wireless Network standard that In compare with prior standards have very higher speed from 54 Mbit/s to 600 Mbit/s this standard improve network throughput over the two previous standards 802.11a and 802.11g .802.11n standardized support for multiple-input multiple-output and frame aggregation, and security improvements, among other features. With speeds of up to 600 Mbps, the emerging 802.11n standard is the next generation of wireless networking, delivering the speed, range, and reliability to support the most bandwidth intensive applications. 802.11n incorporates multiple technologies including Spatial

Multiplexing MIMO (Multi-In, Multi- Out), 20 and 40 MHz channels, and dual bands (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz) to generate the high speeds and at the same time communicate with 802.11b/g devices. 802.11n specification was approved in are committed to collaborating with the IEEE

September 2009. Manufactureres

and WiFi Alliance to ensure that 802.11n devices will interoperate at the highest speeds networks. without degrading performance of neighboring 802.11b/g wireless

Assumption University Of Thailand Ali Ghalehban

[WIRELESS N 802.11 N ALI GHALEHBAN ASSUMPTION UNIVERSITY ]

802.11 N vs 802.11a/b/g
Here in blowe we will have a brief compartion between other wireless standards and Wireless N standard . if you check 2 last column you can see that Wireless N Outdoor & indoor range (70 m 250 m ) is higher than other Standards .

802.11 network standards Table


Bandwi dth (MHz) Approximate indoor range Approximate outdoor range

802.11 protocol

Freq. (GHz)

Data rate per stream (Mbit/s)

Modulatio n

(m)

(ft)

(m)

(ft)

Legacy mode

2.4

20

1, 2

DSSS,FH SS

20

66

100

330

5 a 3.7 20 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 OFDM

35

115

120

390

5,000

16,000

2.4

20

1, 2, 5.5, 11

DSSS

35

115

140

460

2.4

20

6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54

OFDM,DS SS

38

125

140

460

20 n 2.4/5 40

7.2, 14.4, 21.7, 28.9, 43.3, 57.8, 65, 72.2 OFDM 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 135, 150

70

230

250

820

70

230

250

820

Assumption University Of Thailand Ali Ghalehban

[WIRELESS N 802.11 N ALI GHALEHBAN ASSUMPTION UNIVERSITY ]

802.11 N More Antenna = Higher Speed


802.11 N uses multiple technologies including Spatial Multiplexing MIMO (MultiIn, Multi-Out), 20 and 40 MHz channels, and dual bands (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz) to make High speed an also in other hand for communicate with devices that use 802.11b and g standards . This standard with using of above ways is able to supports much faster wireless connections over longer distances.also support of multiple radios and antennas that can transmit/receive multiple data streams . send and receive Antenna configuration in 802.11 N must be in 11, 12, 22, or 33 status these numbers show us how many transmit and receive antennas and radios are in an 802.11n access point (AP) or client. And also when you want to buy a 802.11 N device pay attention to below table .as you see in table in every device speed is different and its related to Antenna More Antenna = Higher Speed but I must mention In general multiple antennas do not by themselves increase data rate or range infact Those improvements come from how the MIMO device actually uses its multiple antennas .

Assumption University Of Thailand Ali Ghalehban

[WIRELESS N 802.11 N ALI GHALEHBAN ASSUMPTION UNIVERSITY ]

Data Encoding & Rate in 802.11 N

In multi-user MIMO, a multi-antenna transmitter communicates simultaneously with multiple receivers This is known as space-division multiple access (SDMA) and because 802.11 use MIMO for transmit and receive data and because MIMO use multilayer for working 802.11 use precoding techniques for this actions . Precoding is a generalization of beamforming to support multi-layer transmission in multi-antenna wireless communications .

Assumption University Of Thailand Ali Ghalehban

[WIRELESS N 802.11 N ALI GHALEHBAN ASSUMPTION UNIVERSITY ]

802.11 N Data rate Table


Data rates up to 600 Mbit/s are achieved only with the maximum of four spatial streams using one 40 MHz-wide channel. Various modulation schemes and coding rates are defined by the standard and are represented by a Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) index value. The table below shows the relationships between the variables that allow for the maximum data rate

20/40 MHz Channels


APs and stations must exchange information about the channels they will use to communicate. In 802.11n, this is done by sending HT Information and Capabilities Elements to indicate channel width (20 or 40 MHz), primary channel number, and 40 MHz secondary channel offset. To promote peaceful coexistence, an 802.11n AP can automatically move to another channel or switch to 20 MHz operation if another AP starts operating in either half of the designated 40 MHz channel
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[WIRELESS N 802.11 N ALI GHALEHBAN ASSUMPTION UNIVERSITY ]

802.11 N Operation modes


There are three 802.11n operating modes: HT : AP using High Throughput (HT) mode also known as Greenfield mode . Non-HT: AP using Non-HT mode sends all frames in the old 802.11a/g format so that legacy stations can understand them HT Mixed : HT enhancements can be used simultaneously with HT Protection mechanisms that permit communication with legacy stations.

Assumption University Of Thailand Ali Ghalehban

[WIRELESS N 802.11 N ALI GHALEHBAN ASSUMPTION UNIVERSITY ]

Migration to 802.11 N & 802.11 N in Market


Maybe 802.11 N isnt enough famous between people in social but if everybody be familiar with this standard speed doubtless will move from older standards to this new one Now days you can to find 802.11 N supported devices in market is easy and with compare with other standard price is not so high . Here in below I will introduce some company with its 802.11 N supported Device. Belkin Company wireless broadband router (F5D8320-4) Linksys WRT300N Wireless-N Broadband Router TRENDnet TEW-631BRP NETGEAR WNR834B RangeMax NEXT Wireless-N Router

References:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_802.11n-2009#Data_encoding http://www.arubanetworks.com/technology/upgrade-to-802-11n/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_802.11 http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9019472/FAQ_802.11n_wireless_networking http://www.everymac.com/systems/apple/apple-tv/apple-tv-faq/what-is-802.11n-differences-between-802.11n-802.11a802.11b-802.11g.html

Assumption University Of Thailand Ali Ghalehban