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: Nur Syamiza binti Zamri : 950118-03-5604 : 4 Beta : The Latest Development in Networks and Communications

1.0 Introduction. A computer network is a system of interconnected computers and peripheral devices. When two or more networks are linked or connected and are able to communicated with one another using suitable hardware and software, it is called an internetwork. Communications is about the transfer of information from a sender, across a distance, to a receiver. We transmit information or data by using two types of signals, namely analog and digital. Networking and communications technology is fast changing the way people view society and how we plan our daily social activities. 2.0 Mobile computing. Definition Mobile computing is generic term used to describe the ability to use technology to wirelessly connect to and use centrally located information and / or application software via small portable and wireless computing and communication devices. Specification , services , and frequencies of Mobile Computing .


Operating system Genuine Windows Mobile 6.5 Classic Display 3.5 TFT LCD VGA ( 480 x 640 ) IO Interface USB ( client 2.0 / host 1.1 switched Audio output x 1 Microphone x 1 Speaker x 1 DC in Jack x 1 Memory 256MB MDDR

2GB NAND flash


Bluetooth ( v2.0+EDR class 2 ) GPS (with internal antenna and external MMXC connector ) Optional e-compass Optional 3M pixels auto focus camera .



3.0 Internet Technology and Services . VoIP ( Voice over Internet Protocol )

VoIP is a method for taking analog audio signals and turning them into digital data that can be transmitted over the Internet . There are three different VoIP services in common use today . They are Analog Telephone Adapter ( ATA ) , IP Phones and computer-tocomputer .

Analog Telephone Adapter ( ATA ) Allows you to connect a standard phone to your computer or your internet connection for use with VoIP . Is an analog - to - digital converter .

IP Phones -

Have an RJ-45 Ethernet connector instead of the standard RJ-11 phone connector . Connect directly to your router and have all the necessary hardware and software onboard to handle the IP Call . easiest way to use VoIP devices needed to place a computer to - computer Internet telephone call : software , a microphone , speakers or headphones , a sound card and Internet connection .



A blog is usually referred to the text produced by the author about his or her thoughts , experiences or interests . The pasts to a blog are usually arranged in this order , the most recent entries will always be on top of the journal . 4.0 Types of network 4.1 Personal Area Network ( PAN ) PAN is a computer network used for communication among computer devices including PCs , laptops , printers , telephones , digital cameras , mobile phones , video game consoles and personal digital assistants , close to one person . May be wired with USB port , Fire wire port , Infrared (IrDA) and Bluetooth technologies . Bluetooth is the popular wireless PAN used by most people , especially the mobile phone technologies , and it applies the IEEE 802.15.1 standards .

4.2 Virtual Private Network ( VPN )

VPN is a network that uses a public telecommunication infrastructure , such as the Internet , to remote offices or individuals with secure access to their organisations private network . Uses tunneling mechanism to maintain privacy and security of the data . VPN is often used by companies to provide access from their internal network resources to their home or mobile workers . WLAN is a type of LAN that uses high - frequency radio waves to communicate between nodes . WLAN improves user mobility , speed and scalability to move around within a broad coverage area and still be connected to the network . The IEEE standard for Wireless LAN is 802.11

4.3 Wireless LAN (WLAN )

4.4 Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access ( WiMAX )

WiMAX is the industry term for broadband wireless access network that is developed based on the IEEE 802.16 standard . WiMAX is a Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) technology that will connect WiFi hotspots to the Internet and provides a wireless extension to cable and DSL for larger broadband access . WiMAX would operate similar to WiFi but at higher speeds , over greather distances and for

a greather number of users .

5.0 Conclusion . Computer networks are groups of interconnected computers . The internet is a system of interconnected computer networks that are used to standardize the Internet protocol suite ( TPC / IP ) . It' a network of networks that has millions of private , public , academic , business , and government networks of global scopes that are liked by fiber optic cables ( cables made of optical fibers that could transmit large amounts of information at the speed of light ) , copper wires, wireless connections and other kinds of technologies .

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