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A.

Bro pentru prelucrarea canelurilor dreptunghiulare


cu dimensiunile 8x42x56x8, STAS 1769-86, cu lungimea
Lp = 62 mm, la piese din materialul OLC 45.

Broele se clasific dup urmtoarele criterii:


a). dup modul de aplicare a forei:
broe de traciune (fig.6,a);
broe de compresiune (fig.6,b);
b). dup tipul suprafeei de prelucrat:
pentru suprafee interioare ( fig. 6.a-e)
pentru suprafee exterioare ( fig. 6.g)
c). dup forma suprafeei ( pentru broe de interior):
broe cilindrice ( fig.6.c)
broe poligonale ( fig.6.d)
broe pentru caneluri drepte ( fig.6.e)
broe pentru caneluri elicoidale
broe pentru canale de pan( fig.6.f)

g
e

Figura 6 Tipuri de broe


d) dup schema de broare:
broare dup profil ( fig.6.h)
broare prin generare( fig.6.i)
broare progresiv ( fig.6.j)

Se cunosc de asemenea broe de construcie special, ca de


exemplu broele de tasare folosite la calibrarea alezajelor de nalt
precizie, broele cu dini elicoidali utilizate pentru gurile lungi unde
condiiile de achiere sunt considerabil nrutite, precum i broele cu
2

dini separai indicate pentru dimensiuni mari prin prisma economiei de


oel nalt aliat.
0100090000030202000002008a01000000008a01000026060f000a0357
4d4643010000000000010054050000000001000000e80200000000000
0e8020000010000006c00000000000000000000001500000038000000
0000000000000000aa170000dc23000020454d4600000100e80200000e
0000000200000000000000000000000000000060090000850c0000cb00
00000f010000000000000000000000000000c0190300fc230400160000
000c000000180000000a0000001000000000000000000000000900000
010000000cc0200003e040000250000000c0000000e000080120000000
c00000001000000520000007001000001000000ceffffff0000000000000
00000000000900100000000000004400012540069006d006500730020
004e0065007700200052006f006d0061006e0000000000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000d9350
93000000000040000000000ae30163609300000000047169001000002
020603050405020304877a0020000000800800000000000000ff010000
00000000540069006d00650073002000000065007700200052006f006d
0061006e000000000000000734093050ebae300033140001000000000
00000b449110012b50230b44911004c6eaf30cc4911006476000800000
000250000000c00000001000000180000000c000000000000025400000
054000000000000000000000015000000380000000100000055550741
e2490741000000002d000000010000004c00000004000000000000000
0000000cc0200003c0400005000000020002e711600000046000000280
000001c0000004744494302000000ffffffffffffffffcd0200003f0400000000
00004600000014000000080000004744494303000000250000000c000
0000e0000800e00000014000000000000001000000014000000040000
0003010800050000000b0200000000050000000c024601d7000400000
02e0118001c000000fb020500020000000000bc0200000000010202225
3797374656d0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
000000040000002d01000004000000020101001c000000fb02f1ff00000
00000009001000000000440001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0
000000000000000000000000000000000040000002d01010005000000
0902000000020d000000320a0e0000000100040000000000d70046012
0030700040000002d010000030000000000
Figura 6. Forma piesei de prelucrat.

1.
2. Adaosul total de aschiere

Lp = 62 [mm]
s = 46 [mm]
Ar = 0,5(0,1

62 + 0,005 * 46 )=0,39 mm

3. Proiectarea partii de aschiere


3.1.Stabilirea suprainaltarii pe dinte.
Avand in vedere duritatea OLC 45, suprainaltarea pe dinte o voi alege
0100090000033a0a000000004a06000000004a06000026060f008a0c57
4d4643010000000000010018bd0000000001000000680c00000000000
0680c0000010000006c00000000000000000000005e000000110000000
0000000000000006f0a0000f901000020454d4600000100680c00000c0
000000100000000000000000000000000000000050000c00300006801
00000e010000000000000000000000000000407e0500b01e040046000
0002c00000020000000454d462b014001001c000000100000000210c0d
b01000000600000006000000046000000580300004c030000454d462b
224004000c000000000000001e4009000c00000000000000244001000c
000000000000003040020010000000040000000000803f214007000c00
00000000000008400005a4020000980200000210c0db0100000000000
0000000000000000000000000000100000089504e470d0a1a0a000000
0d494844520000005f000000120802000000b2e8951000000001735247
4200aece1ce9000000097048597300000ec400000ec401952b0e1b0000
021f494441545847ed57bd6ec23010bef024542c0c3c045217a3ae3c429
68a357988aaaca80b7983ae4859aae4211858107e93d4ff393b8e6b68a8
8a142f1cf0f9eefcf9bebb24699a06c6d5c3c0646426c0c0c84ea83c46764
2ec248fd577922431a7193673afe77bd50e2d562c9e5879edbb9e30a0ce
035b81f1322c352c41bf4ff9ebc0abca00b28a3bbdec8936718c0040ec20f
b8b3725c9f3c0d922778effbb446acfce02f32fee61fb01d63f5d16fe981da
dacb6d0f3a258f9c5103bfcebc316c87caae0d33981f244f1e65e002ddeb6
64bf5946469249af0a0a3a7d9e38b685a3489827a860876d7f4a1742094
d05690ae6687a07ea12ba9de84f9e5c772d66869dd9c277581f807e7d96
640d3b1322744b2ca557f8603a2c4fbb9c59a24ab7871cd9bce145c27ae
ec36d0d2c449fe863e5eea8a32b963e00ffbded52e29bec5e6675948541
8e8d8f110953af0d26dc04c485996aa6e723b4d71a59e11ed8f1ac2b8a7
bbc029055ef4a58cb0debcfad1f6f2edcb9de816da65db27ed6e50b91b04
e08d9770c1ff52e2db317951e025fa52cbbd3d053098ecb10e0073aec03

889b556dc0b2ed3b8e8479f817335716a198a5c2aeb25fa90b0d6534d15
d1305d5fab1e69b6fd839cac26d00d9ea48ec433a8e8431a4e39f4f74297
7c18b24c8557b6cc34138ed134d73fbd1c70390534125a3eec9096d678ff
b57e721a18d1c09e3a11c76c63709a527ef9bc483b173fb98b869e7bdde
b36e4ae6df6dfa068a215302fdf267660000000049454e44ae426082000
00840010824000000180000000210c0db010000000300000000000000
00000000000000001b400000400000003400000001000000020000000
00000bf000000bf0000be420000904103000000000000b3000000b3ffffb
d42000000b3000000b3ffff8f412100000008000000620000000c0000000
1000000150000000c00000004000000150000000c00000004000000510
00000ac07000000000000000000005e00000011000000000000000000
000000000000000000005f00000012000000500000009c000000ec0000
00c0060000000000002000cc005f00000012000000280000005f0000001
200000001000800000000000000000000000000000000001d00000000
00000000000000ffffff00489cdf0074000000ffffbf000074bf00bf74000074
bfff00dfffff0000489c009cdfff0000004800df9c480048000000ffdf9c00bfff
ff0000007400ffbf7400489c9c009c480000ffffdf009c9c480048489c00dfd
f9c00747474004800740048004800740048004874bf000101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101000101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101000101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010100000000010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010100000000010101000105000
d17090011010101010101010101010101010101010101010101050000
1314010a0b11010105000013140101010500000d0e010101010100000
1010f1011010f1011010105000c010f1011010f1011010105000c010101
0000010101000a1a0e08090d0e1c0e0101010101010101010101010101
0101010101020d0e080906010a0b1101020d0e0809060101051314010
70d0e010101010000010101050c0101050c0108090c021101050c01010
50c0108090c021101010000010101000a1b04010f10110101010101080
9000000000000000d0e01010101080906010107030401010108090601
010703040f100c010108090c0101010100000101010213140102131401
020601010102131401021314010206010101010000010101000a1a0e0
101020601010101010101010101010101010101010101010f100c01010
a0b110101010f100c01010a0b110f1011010108090c010101010000010
5

1010a1b04010a1b040107131401010a1b04010a1b0401071314010101
000001010100080906010107131401010101010101010101010101010
1010101010f101101010f10110101010f101101010f10110f1003040107
00110101010100000101010f1006010f1006010f190e01010f1006010f1
006010f190e010101000001010100010a0b1101070d0e0101010108090
00000000000000d0e010101010f101101010f10110101010f101101010f
101108091510000006010101010100000108161709180c0f10180c0f10
1108161709180c0f10180c0f101101010100000101010001010a0b0003
1211010101010101010101010101010101010101010f100c01010a0b11
0101010f100c01010a0b11010213140101010101010101000001010809
0d0e02000304020003040108090d0e020003040200030401010100000
101010001010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
01010105060101070d0e0101010105060101070d0e010f101101010101
010101010000010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101000001010100010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010703040809060101010101070304080
9060101010a0b0c010101010101010000010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101000001010100010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010102000003
040101010101010200000304010101010105000601010101010000010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
000001010102010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010000000001010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010000000001010100010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010100010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010100010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
1024c0000006400000000000000000000005e00000011000000000000
00000000005f000000120000002900aa0000000000000000000000803f
6

00000000000000000000803f0000000000000000000000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000220000000c000000ffffffff4600000
01c00000010000000454d462b024000000c000000000000000e0000001
40000000000000010000000140000000400000003010800050000000b
0200000000050000000c0212005f00030000001e000400000007010400
0400000007010400bb030000410b2000cc0012005f000000000012005f
0000000000280000005f00000012000000010008000000000000000000
00000000000000001d0000000000000000000000ffffff00489cdf007400
0000ffffbf000074bf00bf74000074bfff00dfffff0000489c009cdfff00000048
00df9c480048000000ffdf9c00bfffff0000007400ffbf7400489c9c009c480
000ffffdf009c9c480048489c00dfdf9c0074747400480074004800480074
0048004874bf0001010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010001010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010001
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
000000000101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
10100000000010101000105000d170900110101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010500001314010a0b110101050000131401010
10500000d0e0101010101000001010f1011010f1011010105000c010f10
11010f1011010105000c0101010000010101000a1a0e08090d0e1c0e01
010101010101010101010101010101010101020d0e080906010a0b110
1020d0e080906010105131401070d0e010101010000010101050c0101
050c0108090c021101050c0101050c0108090c02110101000001010100
0a1b04010f101101010101010809000000000000000d0e010101010809
06010107030401010108090601010703040f100c010108090c01010101
000001010102131401021314010206010101021314010213140102060
10101010000010101000a1a0e01010206010101010101010101010101
01010101010101010f100c01010a0b110101010f100c01010a0b110f101
1010108090c0101010100000101010a1b04010a1b040107131401010a
1b04010a1b04010713140101010000010101000809060101071314010
101010101010101010101010101010101010f101101010f10110101010f
101101010f10110f100304010700110101010100000101010f1006010f1
006010f190e01010f1006010f1006010f190e010101000001010100010a
0b1101070d0e010101010809000000000000000d0e010101010f101101
010f10110101010f101101010f101108091510000006010101010100000
7

108161709180c0f10180c0f101108161709180c0f10180c0f10110101010
0000101010001010a0b00031211010101010101010101010101010101
010101010f100c01010a0b110101010f100c01010a0b11010213140101
0101010101010000010108090d0e02000304020003040108090d0e020
003040200030401010100000101010001010101010101010101010101
01010101010101010101010101010105060101070d0e0101010105060
101070d0e010f101101010101010101010000010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101000001010100010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010703040
8090601010101010703040809060101010a0b0c010101010101010000
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101000001010100010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010102000003040101010101010200000304010101010
105000601010101010000010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101000001010102010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010000000001010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010000000001010100
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010100010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010100010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
1010101010101010101010101020c00000040092900aa000000000000
0012005f0000000000040000002701ffff030000000000
3.2.Alegerea unghiurilor de degajare si de asezare
Conform datelor tabelare, aleg urmatoarele unghiuri:
a=12
1=
a=3

3.3.Stabilirea valorii pasului


l
p=(1,25-1,5 p )=1,5 62 =11,81 12
3.4.Verificarea numarului de dinti simultani
zsim=Lp/p+1=62/11+1=6,16 6 dinti
2 zsim 6
=> se verifica conditia

Figura 7. Schema dimensiunilor dintelui

Pentru p=12 mm din tabele am ales restul dimensiunilor:


3.5Determinarea celorlalte elemente dimensionale ale profilului dintelui achietor
grosimea S, golul g, raza de racordare r, unghiul spatelui dintelui :
Cf. T 2.14 [Minciu C.]: extrag
Pasul "p"
nlime mic
degroar finisare h S r
R g
e
12
9
3,5 5 1,8 7 7 35
Coeficientul de umplere k=3.5
Verificarea coeficientului de umplere:
Verifica!
Sg
h2
3,5 2
k=
=
=
=
Sla 4 Lp a 4 62 0,06 2,58
Verifica!

3.5.Stabilirea numarului de canale de fragmentare a aschiilor


Voi alege numarul de canale de fragmentare al aschiilor n = 8 canale
datorita faptului ca brosa mea va executa un numar de 8 caneluri, iar
numarul canalelor de evacuare si fragmentare al aschiilor va fi egal cu
numarul de goluri intre dintii brosei dispusi pe circumferinta.
3.6.Determinarea numarului de dinti de degrosare
a=0.06 mm =>
Adeg r 0,27
= 4,5 5
z deg ros = z a =
=
0,06
a
dinti
Adeg r = Ar (a zf 1 + a zf 2 + a zf 3 ) = 0,39 (0,05 + 0,04 + 0,03) = 0,27

3.7.Determinarea numarului de dinti de finisare si a suprainaltarii


acestora
a=0.06 mm =>
3.8.Determinarea lungimii partii aschietoare
z c =3..8 mm
l as = ( z a + z c ) * p = (5 + 3) *12 = 96 mm
4. Proiectarea partii de calibrare
Partea de calibrare are dimensiunile determinate anterior cu mentiunea
ca lungimea partii de calibrare este:
aleg
010009000003da08000000008605000000008605000026060f00020b57
4d4643010000000000010041290000000001000000e00a00000000000
0e00a0000010000006c0000000000000000000000560000000f0000000
0000000000000008e090000c101000020454d4600000100e00a00000c0
000000100000000000000000000000000000000050000c00300006801
00000e010000000000000000000000000000407e0500b01e040046000
0002c00000020000000454d462b014001001c000000100000000210c0d
b0100000060000000600000004600000008030000fc020000454d462b2
24004000c000000000000001e4009000c00000000000000244001000c0
00000000000003040020010000000040000000000803f214007000c000
000000000000840000554020000480200000210c0db01000000000000
000000000000000000000000000100000089504e470d0a1a0a0000000
d4948445200000057000000100802000000ecf774ef000000017352474
200aece1ce9000000097048597300000ec400000ec401952b0e1b00000

10

1d0494441545847e556316ec3300c94fb92045d32f41129ba38e8da2764
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5c2c58c4593d4914726ebba4edcbcdcdd3c0200c07f44a12ecb76dee2f82
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034c2d18da70bcd044433025a72b9ad44b55d262783a8dfdf44be5af45d
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6dfb706fda36f98c3e5d0c07dacbe94befeb9d2ab93377b6f0a13cbeae91c
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000030000000000000000000000000000001b40000040000000340000
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0f00000000000000000000000000000000000000570000001000000050
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000000000001f0000000000000000000000ffffff009c9cbf00ffffdf009cdfff
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07010101010101010101010101010101010101010101011400000b030
104050e11120000000b0301010101010c0d0e010c0d0e0101140015010
c0d0e010c0d0e010114001501010101010101ff0111121501010111120
0000e0101010101010101010101010101010101010101010806071112
130104050e1112150101140b030101010101141501011415011112150
80e0114150101141501111215080e010101010101ff010108130101010
101010101010101010111120000000000000006070101010111121301
11

0110090a0101010101010101041a070101010101080b0301080b03010
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15010104050e0101010101010101041a070101010101041b0a01041b0
a01100b030101041b0a01041b0a01100b0301010101010101ff01010c1
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0c0d0e01010c0d0e010101010101010114090a01010101010c0d13010c
0d13010c190701010c0d13010c0d13010c190701010101010101ff01011
1120e0101010101010101010101011112000000000000000607010101
010c0d0e01010c0d0e0101010108000000060701010101111617121815
0c0d18150c0d0e1116171218150c0d18150c0d0e01010101010101ff011
112000000150101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
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70800090a0800090a01111206070800090a0800090a01010101010101f
f010101080b03010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
1010101011413010110060701010101080b0301010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
101ff0101010c0d0e0c0f0a010101010101010101010101010101010101
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101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101ff01010101040500060701010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101080000090a010101010108000000000b0301010
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
0101010101ff0101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010102030
101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
01010101010101ff010101010101010101010101010101010101010101
010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
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5. Proiectarea partii de netezire nu este cazul

6. Stabilirea dimensiunilor cozii brosei


d1
d2
d3
d4
c
l1
l2
l3

l4
l5
l6
l7
l8
r1
r2

250
210

63
70
32
220
52
0.6
4
30

7. Stabilirea dimensiunilor partii de ghidare din spate:


d4=d0- 0,05 = 42 - 0,05 = 41,95 mm
d4= 4 1 , 9 5

0 ,18
0 , 24

mm

d6 = D0 m in =92m m -d ia m e tru lp r ii d e g h id a re ,
L5 = (0.81)s = (0.81) 46=46
Aleg L5 =46 mm
8. Stabilirea dimensiunilor partii de prindere din spate
Nu e necesar.
9. Determinarea lungimii totale a brosei si verificarea lungimii L<40dp
L=lcd+las+lc+l6+l7
lcd=l1+ l2+ l3+ l4

lungimea cozii brosei

lc

lungimea de calibru

l6

partea de ghidare

l7 partea de prindere posterioara


lcd=l1=250 mm

14

lc=2p+s=24+4=28 mm
l7 conform tabelului 2.17/68 l7=32 mm
Rezulta L=250+120+28+60+32=490 mm
10.Alegerea materialului din care este confectionata partea activa si
coada brosei
Tinand cont de pretul de executie ridicat al broseloreste necesar sa
se dea o atentie marita alegerii materialului pentru executia acestore.
In general, brosele, lucrand la viteze de aschiere mici, solicitarea
termica a cestora nu este ridicata. In schimb, sunt solicitate puternic la
uzura. De asemenea la alegerea materialului se va avea in vedere ca
brosa sa se deformeze cat mai putin in urma tratamentului termic,
precum si realizarea conditiei de existenta a calirii in adancime.In
general, se recomanda folosirea otelurilor rapide Rp3, Rp4 si Rp5. In
general duritatea broselor pe partea de aschiere se recomanda 62-64
HRC iar coada la o rezistenta de 40-45 HRC.
Voi alege ca material un otel rapid si anume Rp3.
11.Determinarea fortei de aschiere Fz
Conform tabelului pentru OLC 45: Cp=354, x=0.73
12.Verificarea la rezistenta a brosei
Efortul unitar
in cazul broselor din otel rapid Rp3
Agatului = (d2) = 6646.356 mm2
2

verifica la solicitarea de intindere.

15