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Format No. QSP/7.1/01.F01 Issue No.

04 Rev No 3 Dated: Jan 25, 2010



Applied fluid Mechanics GNEG-225 04 THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER.


B. Tech. (Intt PSE) IV Jan 2011- May 2011 60 Minutes





UPES Campus | Energy Acres| P.O. Bidholi via Prem Nagar| Dehradun-248007(UK) Tel: +91-135-2261090/91 | Fax: +91-135-2694204 | URL:

LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE REQUIRED: Basic understanding of concepts of Fluid

OBJECTIVES:The objectives of this course are to: Develop the students sense of how does a fluid behaves. Introduce students the fundamental concepts of fluid mechanics. Make the students to understand the requirement of fluid machinery used in petroleum industry

UNIT- 1: (a) Introduction (b)Fluid Statics UNIT- 2: (a) Fluid Kinematics (b) Fluid Dynamics-I UNIT- 3: (a) Fluid Dynamics-II (b)Laminar Flow UNIT -4: (a) Boundary layer analysis (b) Flow Through Pipes UNIT- 5: Flow past submerged bodies 3.0 PEDAGOGY: 1. Class Test 2. Quiz 3. Assignments/ Tutorials 5.0 EVALUATION OF GRADING: Students will be evaluated based on the following 3 stages. 5.1 Internal Assessment 30% 5.2 Mid term Examination 20% 5.3 End term Examination 50% INTERNAL ASSESSMENT: WEIGHTAGE 30% Internal Assessment shall be done based on the following:


Sl. No. 1 2 3

Description Class Tests/Quizzes Assignments (Problems/Presentations) General Discipline

% of Weightage out of 30% 40% 40% 20%

Internal Assessment Record Sheet (including Mid Term Examination marks) will be displayed on LMS at the end of semester i.e. last week of regular classroom teaching. 5.1.1 CLASS TESTS/QUIZZES: Two Class Tests based on descriptive type theoretical & numerical questions and Two Quizzes based on objective type questions will be held; one class test and one quiz at least ten days before the Mid Term Examination and second class test and second quiz at least ten days before the End Term Examination. Those who do not appear in Viva-Voce and quiz examinations shall lose their marks. The marks obtained by the students will be displayed on LMS a week before the start of Mid Term and End Term Examinations respectively. 5.1.2 ASSIGNMENTS: After completion of each unit or in the mid of the unit, there will be home assignments based on theory and numerical problems. Those who fail to submit the assignments by the due date shall lose their marks. 5.1.3 GENERAL DISCIPLINE: Based on punctuality, sincerity and behavior in the class. students regularity,

The marks obtained by the students will be displayed on LMS at the end of semester. 5.2. MID TERM EXAMINATION: WEIGHTAGE 20% Mid Term examination shall be Two Hours duration and shall be a combination of Short and Long theory Questions.

Date of showing Mid Term Examination Answer Sheets: Mar. 24/25, 2011 5.3. END TERM EXAMINATION: WEIGHTAGE 50% End Term Examination shall be Three Hours duration and shall be a combination of Short and Long theory/numerical Questions. GRADING: The overall marks obtained at the end of the semester comprising all the above three mentioned shall be converted to a grade.


7.0. ATTENDANCE: Students are required to have a minimum attendance of 75% in the subject. Students with less than the stipulated percentage shall not be allowed to appear in the End Term Examination. DETAILED SESSION PLANOUT


Introduction: Fundamentals about Fluid.

SESSIONS READINGS ASSIGNMENTS (No.) (Presentation/ Quiz/Test/ others) 10

L1 1,2,6 Quiz 1 Assignment - 1

Physical properties of fluids, i.e., Viscosity, L2 Compressibility, Surface Tension. Capillarity, Classification of fluids. Fluid Statics: Pascals law; Pressuredensity-height relationship. Measurement of pressure by Manometers and mechanical gauges. Measurement of pressure by Manometers and mechanical gauges. Pressure on plane and curved surfaces. The Hydrostatic law; Total Pressure and Centre of pressure; Buoyancy. Stability of immersed and floating bodies. Fluid masses subjected to uniform horizontal and vertical acceleration. UNIT 2: Fluid Kinematics: Description of fluid flow: Lagrangian and Eulerian approach; Types of fluid Flows: Steady and unsteady, Uniform and non-uniform, Laminar and turbulent flows, Stream lines, Differential and Integral form of Continuity equation; Rotation, Vorticity and Circulation; Elementary explanation of Stream function and Velocity potential. Vorticity and Circulation; L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 L8 L9 L10 9 Quiz 2 L1,11 L2,12 L3,13 L4,14 1, 2,5,6 Assignment 2 Test-I

Elementary L5,15

explanation of Stream function and Velocity potential. Fluid Dynamics-I: Introduction to NavierStokes Equations. Eulers equation of motion along a streamline and its integration. Bernoullis equation and its applications, Pitot tube. Flow through orifices, Mouthpieces, Nozzles. Notches, Weirs, Free and Forced vortex motion. UNIT-3: L6,16 L7,17 L8,18 L,9,19 L10,20 8

Fluid Dynamics-II: Impulse-Momentum L1,21 Principle; Moment of momentum equation. Impulse-Momentum Principle; Moment of momentum equation, Numerical. Impulse-Momentum Principle; Moment of momentum equation, Numerical. Laminar Flow: Equation of motion for laminar flow through pipes; Flow between parallel plates. Kinetic energy and Momentum correction factors. Momentum correction factors, Stokes law. Flow through pipes; Flow between parallel plates. Numerical Flow through pipes; Flow between parallel plates. Numerical. UNIT-4: L2,22 L3,23 L4,24 L5,25 L6,26 L7,27 L8,28 11 1,5,6

Quiz 3 Assignment - 3

Boundary Layer Analysis: Boundary layer L1,29 thicknesses; Boundary layer over a flat plate. Laminar boundary layer; Application of L2,30 Von-Karman Integral Momentum Equation. Turbulent boundary layer; Laminar sub- L3,31 layer; Local and average friction coefficient Total drag, Boundary layer separation and its L4,32 control. 1,5,6

Test II Quiz 4 Assignment - 4

Flow Through Pipes: Nature of turbulent flow in pipes; Equation for velocity distribution over smooth and rough surfaces; Major and Minor energy losses; Hydraulic gradient and total energy lines Flow in sudden expansion, contraction, Concept of equivalent length; Branched pipes; Pipes in series and parallel Numerical on turbulent flow through pipe. Numerical on turbulent flow through pipe. UNIT-5: Flow Past Submerged Bodies: Drag and lift, Types of drag force. Drag on sphere, Cylinder and airfoil, Circulation and Lift on a cylinder and airfoil; Magnus effet.

L5,33 L6,34 L7,35 L8,36 L9,37 L10,38 L11,39 L1,40 L2,41 L3,42 1,5,6 Quiz 5 Assignment - 5

Numerical on Circulation and Lift on a L4,43 cylinder and airfoil.

Total Class room sessions Total Quizzes Total Assignment One session = 1 Hrs Suggested Books:

43 04 05

1 .Modi, P N and Seth, S M Hydraulics and fluid Machines Standard Book House, New Delhi 2. Som, S C and Biswas, G. Introduction to fluid mechanics and Fluid Machines McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi 3. Douglas, J. F.; Gasiorek, J. M. and Swaffield, J. A. Fluid Mechanics, Pearson Education 4. McCabe, W. L.; Smith, J. C. and Harriot, P. Unit operations of chemical Engineering, McGraw Hill

5. Dr. D S Kumar; Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering S. K. Kataria and Sons New Delhi 6. K. Subramanya Theory & Applications of Fluid Mechanics Tata McGraw Hill Publication Pvt. Ltd., 12th Edition