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Radio Frequency Spectrum

Band name Extremely low frequency Super low frequency Ultra low frequency Very low frequency Low frequency Medium frequency Abbrev iation ELF SLF ULF VLF LF MF ITU band 1 2 3 4 5 6 Frequency < 3 Hz 330 Hz 30300 Hz 3003000 Hz 330 KHz 30300 KHz 3003000 KHz wavelength in air > 100,000 km 100,000 km 10,000 km 10,000 km 1000 km 1000 km 100 km 100 km 10 km 10 km 1 km 1 km 100 m Example uses Natural and man-made electromagnetic noise Communication with submarines Communication with submarines Submarine communication, Communication within mines Navigation, time signals, submarine communication, wireless heart rate monitors, geophysics Navigation, time signals, AM long wave broadcasting (Europe and parts of Asia), RFID, amateur radio AM (medium-wave) broadcasts, amateur radio, avalanche beacons Shortwave broadcasts, citizens' band radio, amateur radio and overthe-horizon aviation communications, RFID, Over-the-horizon radar, Automatic link establishment (ALE) / Near Vertical Incidence Skywave (NVIS) radio communications, Marine and mobile radio telephony FM, television broadcasts and line-of-sight ground-to-aircraft and aircraft-to-aircraft communications. Land Mobile and Maritime Mobile communications, amateur radio, weather radio Television broadcasts, microwave ovens, microwave devices/communications, radio astronomy, mobile phones, wireless LAN, Bluetooth, zigbee, GPS and two-way radios such as Land Mobile, FRS and GMRS radios, amateur radio Radio astronomy, microwave devices/communications, wireless LAN, most modern radars, communications satellites, satellite television broadcasting, DBS, amateur radio Radio astronomy, high-frequency microwave radio relay, microwave remote sensing, amateur radio, directed-energy weapon, millimeter wave scanner Terahertz imaging a potential replacement for X-rays in some medical applications, ultrafast molecular dynamics, condensed-matter physics, terahertz time-domain spectroscopy, terahertz computing/communications, sub-mm remote sensing, amateur radio

High frequency

HF

330 MHz

100 m 10 m

Very high frequency Ultra high frequency Super high frequency Extremely high frequency Terahertz or Tremendously high frequency

VHF

30300 MHz

10 m 1 m

UHF

3003000 MHz

1 m 100 mm

SHF

10

330 GHz

100 mm 10 mm 10 mm 1 mm

EHF

11

30300 GHz

THz or THF

12

3003,000 GHz

1 mm 100 m

Microwave Band
L band S band C band X band Ku band K band Ka band Q band U band V band E band W band F band D band 1 to 2 GHz 2 to 4 GHz 4 to 8 GHz 8 to 12 GHz 12 to 18 GHz 18 to 26.5 GHz 26.5 to 40 GHz 30 to 50 GHz 40 to 60 GHz 50 to 75 GHz 60 to 90 GHz 75 to 110 GHz 90 to 140 GHz 110 to 170 GHz

Frequency
26.957-27.283 MHz 335.7125, 335.7375,335.7 625, 335.7875, 335.8125 and 335.8375MHz 865-867 MHz

Unlicensed Frequency Band in India Applications Power


Wireless equipment intended to be used while in motion or during halts Low power equipment for the remote control of cranes Maximum Effective Radiated Power ( ERP) of 5 Watts maximum transmit power of 1mW

Carrier Bandwidth

10 KHz

2.4-2.4835 GHz

Low power RFID equipment or any other low power wireless devices or equipment Low power equipment

5.150-5.350 GHz, 5.725 5875

Low power equipment for Cellular telecom systems including Radio Local Area Networks, Indoor applications

5.825 to 5.875 GHz 26.957-27.283 MHz 335.7125, 335.7375,335.7 625, 335.7875, 335.8125 and 335.8375MHz

Low power equipment

Wireless equipment intended to be used while in motion or during halts Low power equipment for the remote control of cranes

Maximum transmitter output power of 1 Watt ( 4 Watts Effective Radiated Power) Maximum transmitter output power of 1 Watt ( 4 Watts Effective Radiated Power) maximum mean Effective Isotropic Radiated Power of 200mW, maximum mean Effective Isotropic Radiated Power density of 10mW/MHz in any 1 MHz bandwidth maximum transmitter output power of 1 Watt ( 4 Watts Effective Radiated Power) maximum Effective Radiated Power ( ERP) of 5 Watts maximum transmit power of 1mW

200 KHz

spectrum spread of 10 MHz or higher 1MHz

spectrum spread of 10 MHz or higher

10 KHz