Sunteți pe pagina 1din 42

SUPPLY CHAIN(DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL) FOR AMBUJA CEMENT

AMBUJA CEMENT

A Concrete Story..

AMBUJA CEMENT
Presented by: Pallav H. Chandrani

Cement factories Sea terminals

UNIQUE LOGO

FOUNDATIONS

Began its operations in 1986 The Swiss Company Holcim has a 78% stake in ACIL while GACL owns 22% Capacity built up from 0.7 Mn tonnes in 1986 to 18.0 Mn tonnes at present Vision To be Indias most admired company Mission delighted customers, inspired employees, empowered partners, energized society

STRATEGY
A COMPREHENSIVE PLAN GUIDING RESOURCE ALLOCATION TO ACHIEVE LONGTERM ORGANIZATION GOALS

COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE
OPERATING IN SUCCESSFUL WAYS THAT ARE DIFFICULT TO DUPLICATE

PURPOSE & OBJECTIVE OF RESEARCH

PURPOSE: To gather information about all the departments in GACL that are concerned for the value chain and in turn supply chain management system(Distribution channel) of an organization and the contribution of activities of all the departments to overall results.

OBJECTIVE: My objective of this research is analyzing the value chain system in GACL and to find out what else can be done to improve

MARKETING RESEARCH FOR VALUE CHAIN MODEL - GACL

1) INBOUND LOGISTICS

Turning attention to inbound logistics will not only reduce costs, but also generate more collaborative relationship with internal organizations, suppliers and logistic providers, which will ultimately result in a more effective business process from which all parties will benefit. In my study, i tried to exploit the system which AMBUJA is using, because efficient and effective inbound logistic performance would benefit all participants in the value chain.

SCOPE OF LOGISTICS
Materials management Physical Distribution

Suppliers

Inbound materials flow

Outbound finished goods

WIP

Production

Finished Goods

Inventory in the field

Transit Depot Customer

Intermed iary

LOGISTICS

2) OPERATION

Production is the basic activity of all the industrial units. All other revolve around this activity. We can say that production activity is nothing but the step conversion of one from of material into another either chemically or mechanically. GACL uses the dry process for cement manufacturing. Selection is based on the fact that dry process consumes less thermal energy and minimizes the pollution.

3) OUTBOUND LOGISTICS

In recent years companies and academic organizations have focused on outbound operations due to their being the customeroriented part of the business whereas the control of the inbound operations was generally left to the suppliers. But now outbound operations have become modernized and extracting additional benefits has become more and more difficult.
Manufacturer

Stockiest/dealer Sub stockist Retailer

4) MARKETING & SALES

Marketing is a comprehensive term and it includes all resources and set of activities necessary to direct and facilitate the flow of goods and services from producer to consumer in the process of distribution. Essentials of cement marketing Focus on brand name Effective differentiation Effective public relations Price differentiation Strong distribution network

GACL has created marketing department in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, etc. states of country as well as in foreign countries too. The head office of marketing department is at Mumbai, which looks after the marketing of all regions centrally.

OBJECTIVES OF MARKETING DEPARTMENT


The following are the objectives of marketing department at GACL To find new & new customers to sell them more & more of companies product. Try to convince the customer about better & quality product. To provide a successful distribution of consumer product. To study the market problems according to circumstances & suggest the solutions. To sell their products in new areas to make new customers & satisfy old ones. To encourage the customers & know the fault in their products & then try to make quality or

Product Mix Cement industry does not have a large product mix and the same applies for Ambuja Cements. Product item: A single product - Cement. Product line (OPC).
(Grade-53)

G.A.C.L. is producing mainly Ordinary Portland Cement

Market Segmentation

Price Mix:
Price

is the only element of marketing mix that produces revenue. So we can say that price is one of the most important element determining companys market share and profitability.
When

it comes to setting up the price, it is the most crucial decision. Price decides the market share and profitability. So any mistake in deciding price will affect too much to unit.
The

present price of Ambuja Cement is approx. is Rs.280 per 50kg bags. GACL also follows policy of resale price maintenance is that all the retailers are bound to sell their brand of goods at a fixed retail price decided by them. No retailer can exceed the limit fixed by the manufacturer.

SALES & DISTRIBUTION

TRANSPORTATION

Transportation in value chain refers to efficient and price sensitive movement of final finished goods from source to destination the physical distribution aims at 7 RS in transportation

RIGHT RIGHT RIGHT RIGHT RIGHT RIGHT RIGHT

PRODUCT QUALITY CONDITION TIME PLACE CUSTOMER COST

ACTION PLANS

To ensure execution of orders within 48 hrs. To ensure adequate availability of material at muldwarka terminal as per ship planning To plan & monitor the tanker movement to bring down the cycle time to minimum 10 trips per tanker. Better co-ordination, fed back with marketing branches. To comply with all statutory requirement/ documentation, to avoid unnecessary pressure/ action by Govt. authorities, for non-compliance. Effective liasoning with the concerned Govt. officials. To study the activities of nearby plants To co-ordinate and monitor unloading operation of material trucks for speedy unloading.

SERVICES

GACL provides services to customer in tremendously helpful way it has created different departments for that like CUSTOMER SUPPORT department which has number of civil engineers to provide testing facility and technical support to the customer. Recently in earthquake time these engineers has provided technical guidelines in terms of seminars for topics like consistency and strength in construction and also have provided

So we can say GACL has mechanized after sales service the major activities done by GACL as a tool to enhance its after sales services is as follow: Set up complaint redress committee of experts. Seasonal seminars by technical experts Quality exhibitions Construction guidelines by civil engineers.

Its concrete testing lab and the engineers staff is famous in the whole world.

ANALYSIS OF COMPANYS VALUE CHAIN

For Inbound Logistics Use of imported coal Continue searching for new sources of raw material availability at nearby areas. Basic raw material order placing at center level to take the advantage of Bulk ordering. Mines in nearby areas to reduce the material movement cost. For production plant High efficiency fans for all process fans.

Mechanical conveying in place of pneumatic conveying


Six stage low pressure drop cyclone preheater Captive power generation by sets GEB power cost 7.75 per unit while this captive power plant gives 2.25 per unit. Use of agro waste fuels like Ground nut husk (GNH),rice husk, and different types of agro waste etc. Roller press for cement grinding In house energy audit for effective monitoring of energy consumption.

For Outbound logistics Sea transport of loose cement. If transporting in packed bags, it can transport maximum 200 bags in one trip that is 10 tons per trip but transporting in loose give 21 to 35 tons per trip. Grouping orders area wise to reduce the transportation cost. Established Regional and central sales office to transfer the orders of nearby area so as to minimize the transportation cost. Established own jetty to speeding the export and domestic distribution of cement Using technique of big vehicle to small vehicle to reach at remote area and reduce wait time

ANALYSIS OF CUSTOMERS VALUE CHAIN

As the cement industry is one of the most energy and power intensive industry so, GACL is doing through many activities for energy conservation as discussed above for which it has got awards too which no any competitor is doing. This adds value to the final consumer. GACL is the pioneer in thinking about Environment protection & has done many activities for Environment prevention it has fitted dusting control bag at every dust producing stage in production plant and has established green city nearby and GACL is using surface miner rather than blasting technique for environment protection. GACL has performed its corporate citizenship very well. It has built check dams and temples and many more things for citizens. GACL is providing excellent after sales services to the customer for that it has establish altogether different department of civil engineer for guiding customer in construction activity.

GACL always believes in delivering value product to the customer for that it is doing the following things. Focus on brand name : VIRAT COMPRESINVE STRENGTH Ambuja cement has given more focus on Strength as any cement manufacturing company is supposed to do. One of its ad 100-7 = 0 which means if the 7th part of the cement is extracted from the concrete that its nothing. This is thoroughly understood to dealers. Effective differentiation Ambuja is crating differentiation by the following ways. Firstly there was no ad in cement industry. The trend started with Ambuja it was the pioneer in giving ad of cement like products. The first ad was given in newspaper. Now they giving more in sports events. Ambuja is the first in providing engineering services to the customer as after sales services. It is proving many services to the dealer like scholarship & other supportive programs specially designed for its dealer and treating dealer as the family members. It was the first in proving foreign tours to dealers. Its using best quality lime stone in manufacturing of cement to provide best strength to the customer. It has established totally different unit in the plant for controlling the quality of the produced cement hourly checking is done and then only given for dispatch. It using best quality bags that are HDPE bags to pack the cement which are reusable. It is the first line name in providing ON TIME delivery to the customer which is very important in cement like product without which entire activity is worth less. It is the pioneer in giving saving concept to the customer.

Effective public relation Ambuja has maintained good relations with the public for that it has organized many seminars done many things for public welfare as corporate governance. Price differentiation : Ambuja has always maintained the premium price which is truly convinced to the customer by the activities listed above.
ACL is pricing on the bases of Supply and demand gap.

Strong distribution network : Ambuja has its presents in the entire market in interior level of villages too. In this area too all are direct dealer and reputed personality in town.

FINDINGS - CORPORATE INFRASTRUCTURE

First cement producers of the country to introduce an Integrated Logistics System (ILS). Establishment of Internal Audit Framework Strong financials and expansion strategy through mergers and acquisitions enabling growth Set up own R&D facility in 1989 department to encourage innovation Adhering to International quality standards Having stringent Internal Control Systems

TECHNOLOGY

PROCUREMENT
Basic raw materials: limestone, clay, silica and gypsum An Australian device Surface Miner was installed in 1997 which helped in procuring more limestone from a given area It ensured cement quality In 1998, GACL acquired the Nadikudi (about 100 kms from Guntur) and Proddatur (near Cuddaph) limestone mines to enhance its presence in Southern India A strong network of clinkerisation plants and grinding units

PROCUREMENT
Cement-Linkages were taken off Cheaper and better quality coal was sourced from South Africa and furnace oil from the Middle East Ambujas leading position has strengthened its bargaining power The companys engineers had picked up best practices during visits to overseas plants in countries like Japan and Australia

OPERATIONS

Captive power plant GACL set up captive power plants in Gujarat (40 MW) and Himachal Pradesh (12 MW) in 1998. Rs 1.30 per kilowatt, compared to Rs 4.50 per kilowatt 60.3% of its total power requirement

OPERATIONS

Coal production - central and eastern parts the cement industry - western and southern parts Transporting coal Quality of coal Cement companies had to decide whether to use imported coal or substitutes like lignite, natural gas and oil.

OPERATIONS
Imported coal Imported better quality furnace oil Operating costs of power plants Consumed only 96 kwh of power per tonne of cement against the industry average of 110-115 kwh per tonne

OPERATIONS

Coal - 170 kg per tonne of cement, industry average 250 kg per tonne Ambuja Nagar plants located in the agricultural belt of Saurashtra, groundnut husk available in plenty Groundnut husk, crushed sugarcane

OUTBOUND LOGISTICS

Rs 1 billion - modern ports and freighthandling terminals at Muldwarka and Surat (south Gujarat) and Panvel (near Bombay). Cost of transporting cement to Bombay - Rs 400 per tonne by sea, Rs 1800 per tonne by road. Cement moved in bulk reduced packaging costs Savings of roughly Rs 160 million annually

OUTBOUND LOGISTICS
Far less wastage and spillage Untouched by human hand - finest quality Many coastal markets within easy reach, became one of the largest exporters of cement Convenience to import coal owing to the ports Strong focus on logistics management reduce finished goods inventory levels A Mumbai dealer could obtain stocks

OPERATIONS

Going beyond 100% capacity utilization 20 years old Ambujanagar plant, keeps increasing productivity year after year At the Mumbai terminal , handling capacity increased to 100,000 tonnes as against the terminals stated capacity of 60, 000 tonnes. With no additional capital expenditure. Managed to keep power bills to virtually the same amounts they were in 1989. Managed to cut stabilizing time from upto 18 months to a mere 3 months.

MARKETING STRATEGY
Emphasis is on Quality Advertising and Publicity campaign Improvement in Packaging by information provided by suppliers Stronger positioning in the housing sector in smaller towns and rural areas over the last two decades FMCG approach was adopted to create a wide retail network of small shops, down to the village level

MARKETING STRATEGY
Channel Excellence Programme (CEP) Over 7000 dealerships and 20,000 retailers across India are covered under this model. Initiatives are structured and packaged as Ambuja Parivar and Ambuja Parivar Mahotsav.

MARKET SHARE (10-11)

THE ROAD AHEAD

DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
Strong presence in growing markets of North

& West

Largest exporter of cement Grinding close to market Premium brand Extensive & primarily exclusive distribution

network

Over 6,600 dealers and 20,500 retailers Captive Infrastructure Port, Receiving Terminals and Power Plants (230 MW) Sea Transportation

Thank You