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JPEG2000 Image Compression Standard

Advantages of JPEG2000
Eliminates the blocky appearance of the

JPEG image standard.


This is because it uses a wavelet transform instead of the discrete cosine transform (DCT). In the previous DCT version, blocks of the image are compressed individually without reference to the adjoining blocks. Using a DWT creates a much smoother image.

Original Image

JPEG

JPEG2000

Advantages of JPEG2000
The compression rate is much higher, while

the retention rate is the same, and often, better resolution is exhibited.
20%-200% better than JPEG Standard with lossy compression Able to compress lossless with same engine, whereas, JPEG Standard only achieves lossy compression

Building JPEG2000
The simplified version of the steps of this

process is illustrated below.


Source Image Forward Transform
Quantization

Entropy Encoding

Compressed Image

Reconsturcted Image

Inverse Forward Transform

Inverse
Quantization

Entropy Decoding

Image Tiling

Forward Transformation

Wavelet Transform

Original Image Wavelet Tansformed Image

Reconstructed Image Without Tiling

Reconstructed Image With 128X128 Tile With 64X64 Tile

Source image data

Forward transform

Quantization

Entropy encoding

Compressed image data

Quantization
qb(u,v) = [sign(qb(u,v))]*[floor(abs(qb(u,v))/ b)]
qb(u,v) is transformed Coefficient

b is the quantization step size


One quantization step-size is allowed (Lossless compression)

Source image data

Forward transform

Quantization

Entropy encoding

Compressed image data

Entropy Encoding
Entropy encoding Huffman Coding Arithmetic Coding

Quality Parameters
Method of picture quality measurement:PSNR

Peak Signal To Noise Ratio in dB: Pixel of the image Pixel of the reconstructed image Size of the image Root Mean Squared Error

References
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JPEG_2000

The JPEG 2000 Still Image Compression Standard by

Athanassios Skodras, Charilaos Christopoulos, and Touradj Ebrahimi IEEE SIGNAL PROCESSING MAGAZINE 10535888/01, Sept 2011. Efficient Rate Control for JPEG2000 Image Coding Y. M. Yeung, Member, IEEE, and Oscar C. Au, Senior Member, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 15, NO. 3, MARCH 2005. http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/video.php?subjectId=106106090 (NPTEL >> Courses >> Computer Science and Engineering >> Computer Graphics (Video) >> 42 - Digital Image Processing Image Compression-Jpeg-Enhancements)

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