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8/8/12

WARM MIX ASPHALT

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INTRODUCTION

CONTENTs

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TECHNIQUES TO PRODUCE WMA WARM MIX ASPHALT ADDITIVES RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF WMA MOISTURE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF WMA ADDITIVE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF WMA EFFECTS OF LONG TERM AGING ON MOISTURE SUSCEPETIBILITY OF WMA

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ADVANTAGES OF WMA DISADVANTAGES OF WMA


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INTRODUCTION
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Warm Mix Asphalt is the product obtained by production of Hot Mix Asphalt(HMA) at lower temperatures by using different techniques.

Warm Mix Asphalt(WMA) is widely being used in HMA industry as a mean of reducing energy requirements and lowering emissions.
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TECHNIQUES to produce wma


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By adding additives; Foaming techniques;

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BY USING ADDITIVES
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The commonly used additives are:Sasobit Aspha-Min WAM-Foam Evotherm

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1) SASOBIT:vLong

Chain
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2) ASPHA-MIN:v

It is a Sodium Aluminum Silicate, which is hydrothermally crystallized as a very fine powder. It contains about 21% crystalline water by weight. The reduction in temperature is about 50c to 100c . It is added to the mixture at a rate of
0.3%

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3) WAM-FOAM:v

It is formed using two separate components in the mixing stage;

binder

the success of WAM-FOAM depends on careful selection of the soft and hard components. Firstly a soft binder is mixed with the aggregates and then hard component of binder is mixed in the form of foam.
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4) EVOTHERM:v

This additive uses a chemical additive technology and dispersed asphalt technology delivery system. Using this additive the asphalt mix is converted into Emulsion(i.e. Dispersed Asphalt Phase). The emulsion is then mixed with aggregates in HMA plant.
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FOAMING TECHNIQUES v

Two techniques are commonly used for foaming: INJECTION FOAMING NOZZELS MINERALS ( ZEOLITE)

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8/8/12 Rheological PROPERTIES OF WMA USING DIFFERENT additives

This laboratory analysis is carried out on five different binders collected from different places by using ASPHA-MIN, SASOBIT and VIRGIN BINDER. The different Rheological Tests were carried out such as Viscosity, Creep, Creep Recovery, Frequency Sweep, Temperature Sweep. The table shows the result of the various tests 1212

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8/8/12 FLOW AND VISCOSITY CURVE

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ELASTIC AND VISCUS MODULII FOR 8/8/12 BINDER 1 AND 2 AS A FUNCTION OF FREQUENCY OF LOADING

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CREEP CURVES FOR BINDER 1 AND 2

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CREEP RECOVERY CURVES FOR BINDER 1

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TEST FLOW VISCOS CREEP CREEP FREQUE TEMPERAT 8/8/12 CONCLUSTEST ITY RECOVE TEST NCY URE ION TEST RY TEST SWEEP SWEEP VIRGIN BINDER SASOBIT
SHOWS NEWTONIAN FLOW
CAUSES SHEAR THINNING HIGHER MORE DEFORMATION COMPLIANCE

LESS STIFFNESS

INCREASES SHOWS VISCOSITY LOWER PERMENENT AT MIDRANGE DEFORMATIO NS TEMP. AND DECREASE S AT HIGH TEMP.

SHOWS IT INCREASES LOWER STIFFNESS AT COMPLIANCE GIVEN i.e. BINDERS FREQUENCY ARE STIFFER & MORE RESISTANCE TO PENETRATION

DOES NOT HAVE ANY SIGNIFICANCE RESULT ON COMPLEX MODULUS BUT LOWER PHASE ANGLE

ASPHAMIN.

NO INCREASES SHOWS LOWER SHOWS LOWER THE CHANGE VISCOSITY PERMENENT COMPLIANCE STIFFNESS DEFORMATION IN MOST OF INCREASES BUT THE CASES, NO DEFORMATION TRENDS WERE BUT RELATIVELY VALUES ARE OBSERVED LESS DIFFERENT RAGARDING

DOES NOT HAVE ANY SIGNIFICANCE RESULT ON COMPLEX 1 MODULUS 818

MOISTURE SUSCEPTIBILLITY OF WMA MIXTURES


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Moisture damage, caused by a loss of bond between the asphalt binder or the mastic and the aggregate under traffic loading. The phenomenon of breaking the bond between the aggregate and the binder is known as Stripping. WMA additives makes the charge redistribution more complex and thus may affect the moisture susceptibility of the 1919 mixtures.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF WMA ADDITIVE (Advera)


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Mechanical properties of additives includes Compaction Energy Index (CEI), Permeability, Indirect Tensile Strength, and Dynamic Modulus (E*). Compaction Energy Index (CEI):It represents the energy applied by the roller to compact the mixture to the required density during construction. The mixture with lower CEI is preferred. It is found that addition of the additive (Advera) to the WMA reduced CEI value.
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MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF WMA ADDITIVE (Advera)


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Permeability: - WMA mixture was tested to evaluate the flow rate of water through a saturated sample. The falling head permeability test was conducted and one dimensional laminar flow of water was used during the testing. Dynamic Modulus (E*):- The dynamic modulus is the modulus of the Viscoelastic Materials, which is a response developed under sinusoidal loading conditions.
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EFFECT OF LONG TERM AGING ON MOISTURE SUSPETIBILITY OF WMA


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The long term aging process of the mixtures is a complex process caused by the interaction of the aggregate and the asphalt binder. For this purpose the unaged and aged samples were tested to determine the indirect tensile strength (ITS) of various mixtures. From experiments it is found that long term aging significantly affects the dry ITS values. It increases the ITS value of WMA.
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DRY ITS VALUES OF AGGREGATE (a) AND 8/8/12 (B)

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ADVANTAGES OF WMA OVER HMA


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Lower energy consumption; Reduce mixing and compaction temperature; Early site opening; Lower plant wear; Slow binder aging potential by reducing the temperatures; Lower fumes and emission; Cool weather paving; Improve workability; Extend paving window.
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DISADVANTAGES OF WMA
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The cost of WMA compared to HMA is high due to:Investment and plant modification. Cost of the additives. Technology licensing cost.

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SUMMARY
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Addition of ASPHA-MIN does not affect the flow properties, whereas the addition of Sasobit causes shear thinning flow characteristics. The addition of warm asphalt additives significantly increases the viscosities of the binders at 60c. The addition of ASPHA-MIN also increases the stiffness of the binders, but not as much as Sasobit.

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SUMMARY
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When repeated Creep-Recovery Tests were performed, binders containing Sasobit showed significantly lower permanent deformation compared to the base binders. WMA binders have higher failure temperatures than conventional HMA binders tested in this research project, and thus can resist a relatively higher performance temperature. Chemical and physical properties of an aggregate affect the moisture resistance of WMA
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REFRENCES
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Zhanping You and Shu Wei Goh. (2008) Laboratory Evaluation of Warm Mix Asphalt: A Preliminary Study, International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, Vol.1 No.1:34-39.

Punith. V. S., Feipeng Xiao, Bradley Putman, and Amirkhanian N. Serji. (2011) Effect of Long-Term Aging on Moisture Sensitivity of Foamed WMA Mixtures Containing Moist Aggregates, RILEM Vol. 44.

Szabolcs Biro, Gandhi Tejas, and Amirkhanian Serji. (2009), Midrange Temperature Rheological Properties of Warm Asphalt Binders, Journal of materials In Civil Engineering, ASCE/ July 2009: 316-322.

Zhanping You and Shu Wei Goh. (2009) Mechanical Properties of


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THANK YOU!!!!!

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