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Language Curriculum and Materials Development Workshop for Primary School English Teachers of Brunei Darussalam Session One
Language Curriculum and Materials
Development Workshop for Primary
School English Teachers of Brunei
Darussalam
Session One
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Teaching Materials  Materials that are “specifically designed, selected and exploited for language learning and teaching
Teaching Materials
Materials that are “specifically designed,
selected and exploited for language
learning and teaching purposes”
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Materials for Language Teaching- A definition Materials- Anything that can be used to facilitate learning: 
Materials for Language Teaching-
A definition
Materials- Anything that can be used to
facilitate learning:
Linguistic
Visual
Auditory
Kinaesthetic
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Materials for Language Teaching- Print and Non-Print Sources newspapers, Print photographs, print advertisements Digital Resources web-based
Materials for Language Teaching-
Print and Non-Print Sources
newspapers,
Print
photographs,
print advertisements
Digital Resources
web-based texts: online articles, blogs, wikis
Teaching Materials
CD-ROMs, DVDs
Non-Print
Analogue Resources
films, TV, radio broadcasts
Face-to-face encounters
Conversations, interviews, etc.
Live Performances
Skits, puppet plays, etc.
Purposes of Using Language Teaching Materials  Instructional- inform learners about the language  Experiential- provide
Purposes of Using Language
Teaching Materials
Instructional- inform learners about the
language
Experiential- provide learners with
opportunities to use the language

Elicitation- stimulate language use by eliciting ideas and language from students

Purposes of Using Language Teaching Materials  Instructional- inform learners about the language  Experiential- provide
 Exploratory- seek discoveries about language use
Exploratory- seek discoveries about
language use
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Why do learners and teachers need teaching materials? Teachers and Learners  A map- to show
Why do learners and teachers need
teaching materials?
Teachers and Learners
A map- to show where one is going and
where has been
It provides language samples
It offers a greater variety of language
activities
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Why do learners and teachers need teaching materials? Teachers  It provides a structure for teaching
Why do learners and teachers need
teaching materials?
Teachers
It provides a structure for teaching
It saves time. To prepare materials from
scratch for every lesson would be
impossible
It offers linguistic and methodological
support
It is easy to keep track of what one has
done and easier for reporting
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Why do learners and teachers need teaching materials? Learners  It defines what is to be
Why do learners and teachers need
teaching materials?
Learners
It defines what is to be learned and what
will be tested
It reinforces what the teacher has done
and makes revision and preparation
possible.
Offers support for learning outside class
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Metaphors to Live by  Control  Choice  Support 9
Metaphors to Live by
Control
Choice
Support
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Teacher Images  Guidance- map, path, lighthouse  Support- petrol, belt, stick, anchor  Resource- oil
Teacher Images
Guidance- map, path, lighthouse
Support- petrol, belt, stick, anchor
Resource- oil in cooking, rice, daily
bread, salad
Constraint- road block, millstone,
straightjacket
Teachers’ and learners’ images for course books. Ian
McGarth (2006) ELTJ Vol 60:2
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Learner Images (Ian McGarth, 2006)  Authority- an elder, Superman  Resource- window to the world,
Learner Images
(Ian McGarth, 2006)
Authority- an elder, Superman
Resource- window to the world, a gold mine, a
dumb teacher
Support- bridge, stepping stone, parents of
mine
Guidance- compass, sign post
Constrain- terrible girlfriend, a piece of rock
Boredom- sleeping pill, toxic like CO2
Worthlessness- rubbish bin, toilet paper
Source of anxiety and fear- tripping stone,
nightmares, a devil, a professional killer
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What do teachers want in teaching materials/ course books? Primary  Compliance with curriculum  Clearly
What do teachers want in teaching
materials/ course books?
Primary
Compliance with curriculum
Clearly laid out
Catering to different abilities
Authentic materials
Dealing with current issues
Problem solving activities
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What do learners want in teaching materials/ course books ? Primary  Interesting topics  Content
What do learners want in teaching
materials/ course books ?
Primary
Interesting topics
Content in story form
Colourful pictures/layout
Interactive activities
Activities involving computers
What do learners want in teaching materials/ course books ? Primary  Interesting topics  Content
What do learners want in teaching materials/ course books ? Primary  Interesting topics  Content
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What do teachers want in teaching materials/ course books Secondary  Aligned to assessment format 
What do teachers want in teaching
materials/ course books
Secondary
Aligned to assessment format
Gradation of activities
Teacher’s manual
Grammar based activities
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What do learners want in teaching materials/ course books Secondary  Topics which are relevant to
What do learners want in teaching
materials/ course books
Secondary
Topics which are relevant to their own
lives
Peer interaction activities
Graded texts
Built in feedback
Good pictures
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From Syllabus to Materials  Teachers and learners may want different things from materials  The
From Syllabus to Materials
Teachers and learners may want different
things from materials
The materials developer is guided by the
syllabus
The syllabus is the starting point of the
material developer's work.
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NEXT SESSION with Dr Yeow  The English Language Syllabus for Brunei  The Language Curriculum
NEXT SESSION with Dr Yeow
The English Language Syllabus for Brunei
The Language Curriculum for Brunei
Differences between Curriculum and
Syllabus
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