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U.S.

Shale Gas
Resources, Reserves and $$$

John B. Curtis Potential Gas Agency Colorado School of Mines

Location of U.S Shale Gas Plays

U.S. Energy Information Agency, March 2010

The Resource Pyramid


Conventional Reservoirs: Small Volumes, Easy to Develop

(S. Sonnenberg, CSM)

Oil

Gas Increasing Product Price

Unconventional Reservoirs: Large Volumes, Hard to Develop

Tight Oil; Heavy Oil; Bituminous Sands

Tight Gas Sands; CBM; Gas Shales

Huge Volumes, Difficult to Develop

Oil Shale

Gas Hydrates

Province Resource Size

Improving Technology

Annual Production, Bcf


1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 500

19
0 CUM EIA Projection
EnCana

Shale Gas Annual Production and Energy Information Administration (EIA) Forecast

7 19 9 8 19 1 8 19 3 8 19 5 8 19 7 8 19 9 9 19 1 9 19 3 9 19 5 9 19 7 9 20 9 0 20 1 0 20 3 0 20 5 0 20 7 0 20 9 1 20 1 1 20 3 1 20 5 1 20 7 1 20 9 2 20 1 2 20 3 2 20 5 2 20 7 29

Targeted Research $150 Million

Acquisitions >$50 Billion

Source: Trollart.com Ray Troll

Resource Development >$15 Billion

Source:AAPG

Source:devonenergy.com

Source:chiefoiland gas.com

Source:AAPG

Source:devonenergy.com

Hydrocarbons From Shale Never Say Die


Growth in Barnett Shale - Ft. Worth Basin
Gas Production 600 Well Count 5,000 4,500 500

Annual Production, Bcf

4,000

400

3,000 300 2,500 2,000 200 1,500 1,000 500 0


80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 04

100

Producing Wells

3,500

Shale Gas Reservoir Mechanisms

U.S. DOE

Exploration Considerations
Natural fractures - Friend or Foe? Facies changes - greater permeability Kerogen type - I,II,IIS,III Microbial or thermogenic gas? Thermal maturation history MWD - especially w/ gas isotopes

Some Elements of a Successful Shale Gas Play


Organic Richness Thickness

Maturation
Gas-In-Place

Productivity
Mineralogy Brittleness Permeability

Pore Pressure

Potential Supply of Natural Gas in the United States


Report of the Potential Gas Committee (December 31, 2008)

Regional Resource Assessment


Traditional Coalbed Total U.S. 1,673.4 Tcf 163.0 Tcf 1,836.4 Tcf

374.4 51.9 51.3 2.6 24.0 16.6 274.9 7.5 193.8 57.0
Data source: Potential Gas Committee (2009)

353.5 17.3

455.2 3.4

PGC Resource Assessments, 1990-2008


Total Potential Gas Resources (mean values)

Data source: Potential Gas Committee (2009)

Possible Constraints on Future Gas Supply


Environmental Concerns Skilled Workforce

Resource Base
Sufficient Supply to Meet Demand

Technology

Gas Price

Pipeline Capacity

Regulatory & Land Issues

Rig Availability

Potential Gas Agency