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IEC 61850

INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Interoperability with IEC 61850

IEC 61850 INTEROPERABILITY BETWEEN ABB, ALSTOM and SIEMENS STATUS REVIEW November 2002

IEC 61850 the global standard for communication in substations


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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Support for IEC 61850


ABB, Alstom and Siemens (A-A-S) are deeply engaged in the elaboration of the IEC 61850 standard. Each of these companies will implement IEC61850 in its power automation products and systems. A roadmap for the staged implementation of IEC 61850 has been defined in line with the progress of the standard. To verify the implementation of IEC61850 of all three suppliers, joint interoperability tests have been specified. The first test step has now been completed successfully.

IOP11/2002

IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

IEC 61850 Interoperability in two phases


Specification level Phase1 Phase 2 Typical functions of a substation automation system

Best practice used for the implementation with respect to the standard. Phase 1 (P1): Basic functions GOOSE* Phase 2 (P2): Advanced functions
*GOOSE: Generic Object Oriented Substation Event
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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Schedule of activities
IEC
Committee draft Committee draft for vote Final draft International Standard International Standard

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

The way to interoperable substation automation

IEC 61850
2004

2000

2001

2002

2003

Further interoperability tests


A-A-S

First interoperability tests of bay devices


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Test P2b

Test P2a

IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

What is GOOSE?
GOOSE (Generic Object Oriented Substation Event)

It is a mechanism for the fast transmission of substation events, such as commands, alarms, indications, as messages
A single GOOSE message sent by an IED * can be received and used by several receivers GOOSE takes advantage of the powerful Ethernet and supports real-time behaviour It is used for e.g. tripping of switchgear starting of disturbance recorder providing position indication for interlocking
* IED: Intelligent Electronic Device
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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

IEC 61850 GOOSE Principle


One device (sender) publishes information, only the subscriber devices are receiving it. The reaction of each receiver depends on its configuration and functionality.

EXAMPLE:
GOOSE message
Ethernet GOOSE Sender Device X

GOOSE Receiver Device Y

GOOSE Receiver Device Z

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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Test configuration of phase 1

100 Mbit/s redundant switched Ethernet ring

GOOSE messages

KEMA UniCAIEC61850 GOOSE Simulator

Network Analyser

KEMA UniCAIEC61850 Analyser

GOOSE: Generic Object Oriented Substation Event


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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Substation Configuration Language (SCL)


SCL is the basis for the success of Plug & Play
SCL provides a common object and configuration description SCL file distributed and agreed by A-A-S via email

Result of Phase 1 Test: Plug & Play!


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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Tripping via GOOSE


GOOSE message with commands for CB * tripping and disturbance recorder starting Configuration: sender X --> receiver Z

Injection test device

GOOSE Receiver Device Y GOOSE Sender Device X Ethernet

Y does not react

Fault Simulation

GOOSE Receiver Device Z


Z starts its disturbance recording

CB* off

* CB = Circuit Breaker

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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Negative tests
GOOSE message with commands for CB tripping and disturbance recorder starting Configuration: sender Y --> receiver Z not configured
Injection test device

GOOSE Sender Device Y GOOSE Sender Device X Ethernet GOOSE Receiver Device Z

Fault simulation

no reaction

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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Positive tests
GOOSE message with commands for CB tripping and disturbance recorder starting Configuration: sender Y --> receiver Z
Injection test device

GOOSE Sender Device Y GOOSE Sender Device X Ethernet GOOSE Receiver Device Z

Fault simulation

CB off

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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Performance tests: Background traffic

KEMA UniCAIEC61850 GOOSE Simulator

Produced 10, 50,150, 300 GOOSE messages within 50ms


Heavy busload

100 Mbit/s redundant switched Ethernet ring

GOOSE Sender Device X

GOOSE Receiver Device Y

GOOSE Receiver Device Z

measured time
Fault CB off
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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Performance tests: Device load

KEMA UniCAIEC61850 GOOSE Simulator

Produced 10, 50,150, 300 GOOSE messages within 50ms


Heavy busload
Heavy device load

100 Mbit/s redundant switched Ethernet ring

GOOSE Sender Device X

GOOSE Receiver Device Y

GOOSE Receiver Device Z

measured time
Fault CB off
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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Phase 1: Performance tests


Software implementation

Optimised

Average

10

15

20

25

30

Transmission time [ms]

The transmission time was dependent of today`s software implementation. Bus load or device load had no major effect.
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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Interoperability test concept


Number of tests Positive tests
Correct message transmission between configured senders and receivers

Negative tests (selectivity & security)


Message ignored by non-configured receiver

9
10

Degraded tests (quality, testmode...)


No reaction to faulty or test messages in all receivers

Performance / Load tests


Response times measured with different background loads

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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Test results

Total tests

Experience from the rejected resp. dismissed test cases was used to improve the IEC 61850 specification and implementation.
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rejected (implementation)

dis missed (standard)

accepted

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

A week of successful work

The teams from A-A-S


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IEC 61850
INTEROPERABILITY Tests

Conclusion

An important part of the standard was tested successfully 39 cases have been tested within one week The standardisation documents are well defined Three major companies in the substation and substation automation business are on track with their implementation of IEC 61850

A-A-S is on track - and on the right way

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