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# MATTER: CYCLE #1 EXPERIMENTS SHAPE AND VOLUME

## EXPERIMENT: H A P E D O E S T H E SSHAPE CHANGE?

- Container with water - Different sizes and shapes of containers - Paper to draw results - Pencil - Pour the water from one container to another to see what happens to the shape of the liquid. - Each student should draw and describe what they see - Repeat using a solid

EXPERIMENT:O L U M E H A S T H E V VOLUME
CHANGED?
- Container with water - Ruler - Worksheet/Pencil - Pour water from one container to another. Measure and record the height of the liquid

## - Repeat with the solid.

Return the water to the original containeris the water level the same as when you started?

CLASS DISCUSSION
Questions
Solids: What did you notice about the shape of the solid in the different containers? What did you notice about the volume of the solid in the different containers?

Liquids: What did you notice about the shape of the water in The different containers?
What happened to the volume of the water?

REFLECTION JOURNAL
You have been given a bottle of apple juice and asked to pour it into a fish bowl. What will happen to the shape and volume of the juice?

## MATTER: CYCLE #2 TESTING PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS

TEACHER NOTE:
The focus of this activity is for students to observe that not all solids (or liquids) react the same way under the same conditions. While ultimately the goal of testing materials would be to distinguish very similarlooking substances, this activity is about recognizing some properties that can be tested and that there will be differences in results for different materials. For this purpose, the list of materials does not necessarily contain items that are hard to distinguish.

WHAT IS A PROPERTY?

A property is something observable or measurable about a substance that is always the same for that substance.

## TESTING THE PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS

HARDNESS

Squeeze or bend the sample to see how hard it is. Try using you fingernail to see if it will leave a mark

TEXTURE

Use fingers to feel the texture. Does it feel smooth, rough, sharp, greasy Cold/hot ect.

BUOYANCY
Buoyancy is the ability to float

Put the sample in a transparent container with water to determine If the solid completely sinks, completely floats or is somewhere In between.

SOLUBILITY
Does it dissolve in a liquid?

Mix 10 ml (or one piece) in 250ml of water. Do they mix to form one mixture or stay separate?

SMELL

Blindfolded, you will smell the sample Try waving your hand over the container And sniff the air as it rises toward you.

ABSORPTION OF LIQUIDS

Put the materials in a dish. Add a small amount of water. Swish it around to allow the material to absorb the liquid. Continue adding small amounts of water until the material has Absorbed all it can. Carefully pour the access back into the water container. You will have to mark the water level before and after to see how much has been absorbed.

VISCOSITY

Pour the liquid from one container to another to see how viscous or sticky it is.

## WORKSHEET- TESTING SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS

Test #1 Test #2 Test #3

Name of Solid 1)

Prediction

Result

Prediction

Result

Prediction

Result

2)

3)

4)

## SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS CYCLE# 2

Station #1Solids

Choose one solid. Compare its properties to those of 3 other solids in the pile. Choose 3 different tests that will help them identify different properties. Predict what they expect to see before testing.

SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS
Station #2 Liquid

-Choose 1 liquid. -Compare its properties to those of 3 other liquids. -Choose 3 different tests that will help them Identify different properties. -Predict what you will see before testing.

CLASS DISCUSSION
1) Was there one property tested that proved to be more helpful than others in distinguishing between two similar substances?
2) Not all solids and liquids have the same properties. Would a wooden frying pan be useful? Could you use molasses to wipe the kitchen table to make it clean?
Did you know that different woods are used for different things depending on their properties?

REFLECTION QUESTION
If you could be a super hero solid or liquid, which would you be?

## SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS- GASES Activity #1 Place balloon within the bottle,

with the mouth of the balloon over the neck of the bottle. Attempt to blow up the balloon inside the bottle.

## SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS- GASES

Activity #2 Try to fill up the empty plastic bottle with water by placing it under water sideways in a larger container of water.

What Happens?

## SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS- GASES

Activity #3 Find two identical balloons and place them at each end of the ruler. Where is the balance point? Remove and inflate one balloon and re-attach it to the ruler. Where is the balance point?

Why?

## SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS- GASES

Activity #4

Inflate a balloon, place it in very cold water, measure the circumference. Now using the same balloon use a hair dryer to heat it up. Measure the circumference.

## Why is there a difference?

CLASS DISCUSSION
1) What happened when you tried to fill the plastic bottle with water? Why did that happen?
2) Where was the balancing point of the two balloons? Why was it not in the middle? 3) Why couldnt you blow up the balloon when it Was inside the bottle? 4) What happened to the size of the balloon When the temperature changed? 5) What do you think would happen if we took pure Natural gas and tried to balance it? What about helium?

## PROPERTIES AND CHANGES IN MATERIALS

Air
Nitrogen, Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide

-Air has weight -It takes up space -Expands when heated -Exerts pressure

## How is air different from solids? Liquids?

REFLECTION QUESTION

You have an empty bottle with a cork stuck in the bottle opening. If you heat the bottle, what will happen? Why does this happen?

PHYSICAL CHANGES

## Physical changes do not result in new products.

CHEMICAL CHANGES
Chemical changes are when two or more substances are mixed making a new product made of different chemicals/materials that it was made of in the beginning.

ACTIVITIES
Are the changes

OR

Click to watch

## REVERSIBLE VS. IRREVERSIBLE

CLASS DISCUSSION

REFLECTION QUESTION