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Runway Incursion Prevention

Airport Design AC 150/5300 Change - 17

Federal Aviation Administration

Presented to:<Audience> Eastern Region Annual Airport

Conference

Hershey Conference
By:

<Date>

Khalil E. Kodsi, P.E. PMP April 4, 2012


Federal Aviation Administration 1

Date:

Runway Safety Objective

Minimize the likelihood of Runway Incursions:


Improve taxiway geometry Increase situational awareness Improve Operational use of taxiways

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Increase Situational Awareness


FAA Engineering Brief No. 75
Incorporation of Runway Incursion Prevention into Taxiway and Apron Design 11/08/07
http://www.faa.gov/airports/engineering/engineering_briefs/

Change 17 to FAA AC 150/5300-13, Airport Design


Improve Taxiway Geometry: 3 Node taxiway intersection Taxiway/ Runway interface Entrance Taxiways

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3-Node Intersection
Multiple intersecting angles of:
30, 45, 90 degrees from the traveling taxiway Optimize fillet designs Bring airfield signage closer

Right Angle entrance taxiway - best visual perspective


View aircraft traffic in both directions Optimum pilot orientation for viewing taxiway signage

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Standard Intersection Details


Avoid This!
TAXIWAY C L

TA X
L
W

IW

AY

TA XIW

AY

AY IW X 4 TA B

RU NW

TA

W XI

AY

C4

AY

C L

TAXIWAY K
Figure 4-1b

Figure 4-1a

TAX

IWA

YJ

BOARDING AREA D
W

TAXIWAY J4

TAXIWAY C L

AY

AY

(c) Taxiway intersection exceeds "3-node" concept


Figure 4-1c Figure 4-1d

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TA

TA

= 30, 45, or 90

APRON

XIW

XIW

RU N

WA

Taxiway / Runway - Interface


Optimum design is right-angle

Avoid This!
RUNWAY

TAXIWAY J5

TA XI W

AY

No less than 45 degrees Exception for High Speed Exits

Y-shaped taxiway crossing Taxiway crossing a High Speed exit APRON Taxiway connecting to V-shaped runways (d) Taxiway intersecting two or more runways Aligned taxiway (Prohibited) Direct access from a ramp/ terminal to the runway High-speed exits leading directly onto another runway
TA XI W AY TA TA XI W AY L

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XI W

AY

Not Recommended:

L1

TA XI W AY R U

W AY

J N W AY

Hot Spots
TAXIWAY R RUNWAY

TAXIWAY N2

RU

NW

AY

APRON

TAXIWAY A

TA XI
TAXIWAY P

TA XI
R

AY

TAXIWAY

TERMINAL APRON

(a) Taxiway crossing high-speed exit and Wide throated runway entrance

(b) Extra-wide throated taxiway without "No Taxi" islands leading from the apron directly to parallel taxiways and runways

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TAXIWAY N3

AY

Hot Spots
TAXIWAY C-1 TAXIWAY C-2 TAXIWAY C-3

RUNWAY

TAXIWAY D-2 TAXIWAY D-1

TAXIWAY D

TA XI W AY

(e) Aligned taxiway between two closely spaced runway ends

9
RU NW AY
TAXIWAY D

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Hot Spots

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Entrance Taxiway
Avoid wide expanses beyond taxiway design tables Islands provide location for elevated signage Standard orientation is 90 degrees Standard length to accommodate longest fuselage Curve outer-edge to mitigate wrong runway landing

TAXIWAY

RUNWAY

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Hot Spots
RUNWAY TAXIWAY HF

APRON

TA

XIW N AY

XIW

AY

TAXIWAY HF

TA

TA

36 R

TAXIWAY WQ

XIW P AY

R
TAX Y IWA P

NW

AY

TAXIWAY WR

(f) Two or more taxiway entrances lacking "No Taxi" islands

(g) "Y" Shaped taxiway crossing a runway

RU

TAXIWAY A

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RU

NW

TAXIWAY WP

AY

YN IW A TAX

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Improve Taxiway Operational Use

Avoid using runways as taxiways Use taxiing strategies to reduce active runway crossing Correct runway incursion Hot Spots

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Change 17

(Highlights)

Taxiway Dimensional Standards Group VI: (taxiway wonder study EB80 )


Taxiway width is reduced from 100 feet to 82 feet Taxiway edge safety margin is reduced from 20 feet to 15 feet

Computer Program. Appendix-11 has been deleted including all references throughout AC. Wind Rose analysis tool has been added to Airport GIS website Appendix 16 New Instrument Approach Procedures
Changes in tables and footnotes to clarify requirements based on Appendix 2 (TERP)

The use of OFZ criteria as the basis to justify a reduction in runway to taxiway separation standards is not allowed. Taxiway geometry enhancement to minimize Runway Incursions. Appendix 15, Transfer of Electronic Data - Deleted. Guidance has been superseded by Airports GIS. Chapter 4, Table 4-2: Deleted lower section of table dealing with judgmental oversteering.
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Questions

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