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Morphological Diversity in

Philippine H yas

Joald G. Calpo
BS Biology Major in Systematics
06 August 2008
This talk will…
…discuss the variations in floral and
vegetative traits of Philippine wax
plants
…show the clustering of Hoya based on
morphological traits
…open minds on Hoya awareness and
the opportunities it caters
Prospects of Philippine
Hoyas

• Very little study has been made on


the medicinal qualities of the genus
• New species, varieties and hybrids are
always of great interest to growers and
collectors
Prospects of Philippine
Hoyas

•Collectors are always interested in


obtaining new species

•New species command a higher price


The Genus
Hoya
• Wax plant
• Family
Asclepiadaceae
• Pollen in gelatinous
masses
• Most are epiphytic
vines with milky sap
• Can be found at all
altitudes
The Hoya
flower

Parts of a Hoya corona Parts of a Hoya


pollinarium
Distribution of Philippine
Hoyas
Distribution of Philippine
Hoyas
Meet our Philippine H yas
Hoya bicolor
Kloppenburg

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya buotii
Kloppenburg

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya coriacea Blume

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya crasssicaulis Elmer ex
Kloppenburg

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya cumingiana
Decaisne

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya densifolia
Turczaninow

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya meliflua (Blanco)
Merrill

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya merrillii
Schlechter

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya mindorensis
Schlechter

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya obscura Elmer ex
Burton

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya pubicalyx Merrill

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Hoya siariae Kloppenburg

Photos of Hoya flowers from Dr. S.V. Siar


Photomicrographs of pollinarium and corona from Dr. R.D.
Kloppenburg
Floral Diversity in Philippine H
yas
Corona Diversity in Hoyas

Hoya bicolor Hoya buotii Hoya coriacea Hoya cumingiana

Hoya crassicaulis Hoya densifolia Hoya meliflua Hoya merrillii

Hoya mindorensis Hoya obscura Hoya pubicalyx Hoya siariae


Corona Diversity in Hoyas

Hoya bicolor Hoya buotii Hoya coriacea Hoya cumingiana

Hoya crassicaulis Hoya densifolia Hoya meliflua Hoya merrillii

Hoya mindorensis Hoya obscura Hoya pubicalyx Hoya siariae


Corona Diversity in Hoyas

Hoya bicolor Hoya buotii Hoya coriacea Hoya cumingiana

Hoya crassicaulis Hoya densifolia Hoya meliflua Hoya merrillii

Hoya mindorensis Hoya obscura Hoya pubicalyx Hoya siariae


Pollinarium Diversity in Hoyas

H. bicolor H. buotii H. coriacea H. crassicaulis H. cumingiana H. densifolia

H. meliflua H. merrillii H. mindorensis H. obscura H. pubicalyx H. siariae


Pollinarium Diversity in Hoyas

H. bicolor H. buotii H. coriacea H. crassicaulis H. cumingiana H. densifolia

H. meliflua H. merrillii H. mindorensis H. obscura H. pubicalyx H. siariae


Floral Diversity in Hoyas

•Measurements of
corona, pollinarium and
retinaculum showed
wide variations
H. bicolor

H. crassicaulis
H. densifolia

H. siariae

H. cumingiana
H. mindorensis

H. merrilllii

H. obscura

H. buotii

H. carnosa

H. meliflua

H. coriacea

H. pubicalyx

2.16 1.64 1.12 0.60 0.08


Coefficient

Genetic relationships of 13 Philippine Hoya species using UP- GMA


Floral Diversity in Hoyas
•H. pubicalyx and H. coriacea had
the largest value for most traits

•H. obscura had the lowest values


for most traits
Vegetative Diversity in
Hoyas

• Venation pattern can either


be pinnately or palmately
netted

•Species can be delineated


through the different
characters of blade
Uses of
morphological
diversity

•Morphometrics
•Tree Reconstruction
•Historical Biogeography

Hoya phylogeny
Status in World Horticulture

• Most of the hoyas sold worldwide have


Philippine origins.
• Positive indication of the diversity,
rarity and world class beauty of
Philippine hoyas
Status in World Horticulture

HOYA SPECIES Price range ($)


H. pubicalyx 7.50-15.00
H. mindorensis 7.50-15.00
H. siariae 12.00-25.00
H. buotii 12.00-25.00
H. bicolor 12.00-25.00
H. paziae 15.00-20.00
H. imperialis 25.00-75.00
H. meliflua 9.50-12.00
Future of Philippine Hoya

Philippines possess the richest and


most diverse range of hoya species in
the world

Philippine hoyas have created a niche


in the global hoya industry
Diversity in Philippine
Hoyas…
... is seen both in floral and vegetative
traits
… provided clustering based on degree of
similarity
… caters several opportunities for
scientists, enthusiasts and ordinary
household
Time to act now and
capitalize on the
popularity of Philippine
H yas!
Reference
s
RAMNEL, D. 2005. Useful Plants of the Philippines: A Scienific
Guide to Modern Botanical Medicine Volume 1. Quezon City:
C and E Publishing Inc.

SIAR, S.V. et al. 2007. “Corona and Pollinarium diversity in


Philippine Hoyas” Asia Life Sciences 16 (2), pp 195- 208.

SIAR, S.V. 2005. Philippine Hoyas. Los Baños, Laguna: PCARRD.


23 p.

WANNTROP, L. et al. 2006. “Towards a Monophyleic Hoya


(Marsdenieae, Apocynaceae): Inferences from the Chloroplast
trnL Region and the rbcL- atpB Spacer” Systematic Botany 31(3).
pp 586- 596.
Acknowledgement

Dr. Simeona V. Siar, Institute of Plant Breeding

Dr. Robert Dale Kloppenburg

Professor Annalee C. Soligam- Hadsall, Institute


of Biological Sciences

Miss Mary Ann Cajano, Botanical Herbarium,


Museum of Natural History

Miss Ercie Vicencio, Institute of Plant Breeding


Thank y u!