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Spoken Vs Written Language

Languages are first spoken, then written, and then an understanding

Aspects of written and spoken language

organized transactional

unplanned less structured interactive

Characteristics of Spoken Language

Repeating first draft status vocabulary grammar intonation Variation in speed Loudness or quietness Gestures - body language Intonation Stress Rhythm Pausing and phrasing

Characteristics of Written Language

final draft status density of content grammar neutrality of social roles punctuation

Unique Written Vocabulary

Which comes first: speech or writing?

Speech comes before writing historically. Many languages lack a written form. Many individuals cannot use written language.

Children automatically learn to speak, but have to be taught how to read.

Is written language superior to speech ?!

English language has two main features

THE Differences


written & spoken

Main Differences

Sounds VS letters

Permanency & Redundancy

Formality & Function

Vocabulary & Sentences


interaction Between listener and speaker

Examples: A written note might say, "Would you like to go out to lunch? The person who would write that note, might alternatively say, in person, "You wanna go out for lunch? "

More verb based phrases having treatment (W), being treated(S) hospital care (W), go to hospital (S) More predicative adjectives misleading statistics (W) statistics are misleading (S))

3-Vocabulary & Sentences

Oral communication uses words with fewer syllables than the written language. Written English consists of neat, correct sentences. Speech usually consists of idea units.

because kuz got you gotcha "I don't wanna go to the party, kuz it sounds boring." "I gotcha that candy bar you asked for." hasta

has to bet you betcha "I betcha can't eat ten hot dogs!"

"He hasta know how much he means to me." hafta

have to

"I hafta clean the house before I go out."

4- Pronunciation
Written: I want to go to the store
Spoken : I wanna go to the store

Sounds patterns in spoken

We write slowly than we speak Once the utterance is spelled there's no way 2 take it back and it dies in the wind . Unlike the written form, its documented and can be shifted
In Spoken You must know the sound system of the language You must also know how the sounds change in fast speech. The English sound system varies . In WRITTEN we replace the pauses, intonation and the hesitation that shown in speeches with Punctuation (.,;:-) in writing. Accent spelling Dialect vocabulary

Finally .. Redundancy
Repetition is built in to language it self & Necessary for effective COMMUNICATION

Spoken Language Problems and solutions

Spoken problems begin in the childhood. Kinds of spoken language problems. Problems effect. Solution.

We treat written and spoken language as of EQUAL IMPORTANCE

Both of them are part of the language