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HAZARD IDENTIFICATION

RISK REDUCTION OR RISK CONTROL OPTION WORKSHOP


Tanjung Puteri Golf Resort, Pasir Gudang 20 June 2012

Objective of workshop
Amending & correcting data entries previously done; Identify risk reducing measures or risk control options for each of the hazards identified in the HAZID Workshop; Presentation of findings.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION (HAZID)

RISK REDUCTION WORKSHOP


TANJUNG PUTERI GOLF RESORT, PASIR GUDANG, JOHOR 20 JUNE 2012

0930-1000 1000-1045 1045- 11001100 1145


Introduction Base Case Coffee Base to risk Risk control break Case reducing and options Risk Risk Control control Options options

1145-1230 1230 14001530 1400

1530- 1600-1645 16451600 1730


Presentation of Risk control options Alternative Case by Participants Way forward & comments for MTRA & Future work

Base Case - Lunch Alternative Tea Risk control Case Risk break options control Presentation options by participants

Workshop
Two sessions Base Case & Alternative Case 4 Groups per session Each Group = 4 presenters Each Presenter will present findings for one of the following
Collisions Contacts Groundings & Personal Injury Others

1ST HAZID WORKSHOP IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDS General outcomes

Summary of submission made during the HAZID Workshop


For Scenario 1 The Base Design of the Jetty 95 items received

For Scenario 2 The Alternative Design of the Jetty


52 items received

Base Design - Type of hazards


No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Types Collision Contact Grounding Personal Injury - (unlisted) Injury Piracy Loss of Revenue Approach Design Fire/Explosion Numbers 32 30 7 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1
No. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Types Impact Leans Near Miss Oil Pollution Operations Sabotage Tsunami Uncontrolled ignition Underground obstacle Weather Wild cargo Total No 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 95

Alternative Design Types of Hazard


No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Types Collision Contact Grounding Personal Injury Explosion Impact Shipping Routes Anchorage Drifting Environmentors .. Striking Total Numbers 19 11 6 6 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 52

Classification of Area of incidents


Area No. 1 1A 2 3 Description of Areas Jetty No.1 including Inner Basin Jetty No 1A including Inner Basin Jetty No.2 including Inner Basin Waters between the jetties and the edge of port limits including anchorage Waters outside port limits including the Traffic Separation Scheme (TSS)

Area of Accidents Base Design


No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Areas 1 2 3 4 1&2 1 Jetty Basin Numbers 19 10 14 9 5 6 4 16. 17. 18. No. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Areas 2&3 2,3 & 4 3&4 3 Anchorage area 3 Pilot Boarding Ground A1 Jetty Structure Outside dredge pocket Numbers 1 1 5 1 1 3 2 1

8.
9. 10.

1,2
1,2 & 3 1,2,3 & 4

5
4 4

19.

Port entrance Total

1 95

Area of Accidents Alternative Design


No. 1. 4. 2. 3. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Areas 1 1A 2 3 4 1A/2 1A 3 4 1A/3 1A/4 2, 3 Total Numbers 2 33 3 4 4 3 1 1 1 1 53

Amending and correcting HAZID entries

Marine Traffic Risk Assessment (MTRA)


Collision Contact (which can include a sub-category of Berthing Contact) Grounding Loss of Hull Integrity Fire/Explosion Equipment Failure (Often a cause of other accident categories) Personal Injury.

HAZID SUBMISSION possible amendments and corrections


4
24 Design 1&2 All Vessels Crash into trestle Lost control of tug & helm Damage to trestle C3 0 2 1 2 2 3 3 3

16 Wild Cargo

1, 2, Crude 3 & 4 LNG

Wild Cargo

Near Misses

All vessels

Approaches to jetties

Unstable crude / Hydrocarbons resulting in venting, flaring Other vessels navigating when tankers are approaching berth

Unstable Hydrocarbons

Venting, flaring

Gas clouds, VCE's, Damage to others & casualties.

Mariners simply ignorant of the May result in May result in colreg & unaware of major minor contact the grave collision consequences

Oil 11 Pollution

1, 2 All & 3 vessels

Spill encroach Spill into port into jetty limits areas & port approaches

2 or more vessels involved in collision @ OPL or Precautionary area.

Short term Disruption for disruption a longer due to oil spill period clean-up

1, 2, All 23 Operations 3 & 4 Vessels

Operations

Training, Procedure not in place, Damage Competency of operators

Damage & Casualties

Risk Control Options or Mitigating measures

Frequency Matrix used in Port Risk Assessment


Category Description

Definition
An event occurring once a week to once an operating year. An event occurring once a year to once every 10 operating years. An event occurring once every 10 operating years to once in 100 operating years.
An event occurring less than once in 100 operating years. Considered to occur less than once in more than 100 operating years (e.g. it may have occurred at a port elsewhere in the world).

Operational Interpretation
Once a week to once in 12 months
Once a year to once every 10 years Once in every 10 years to once in 100 years Once in less than 100 years Once in more than 100 years

F1

Frequent

F2

Likely

F3

Possible

F4

Unlikely

F5

Rare

Consequence Matrix
Scale People
Insignificant
Possible very minor injury (e.g. Bruise)

Property
Insignificant
(RM0 -100,000)

Environment
Insignificant
Negligible environmental impact. Tier 1 may be declared but criteria not necessary met. (RM0 100,000)

Port Stakeholders
Insignificant
(RM0 100,000)

C0
C1

Minor
Single slight injury

Minor
(RM100K 1M)

Minor
Tier 1 to Tier 2 criteria reached. (Small operational spill) (RM100K 1M)

Minor
Bad local publicity or short-term loss of revenue, etc.(RM100K 1M)

Moderate

Moderate Moderate
(RM1M-10M) Tier 2 Spill criteria reached, capable of being limited to immediate area within port limits. (RM1M-10M)

Moderate
Bad widespread publicity, temporary navigation closure or prolonged restriction of navigation. (RM1M-10M)

C2
C3

Multiple minor or single major injury

Major
Lower Tier 3 criteria reached, with Major Multiple major pollution outside port limits expected. injuries or single (RM10M 100M) Chemical spillage or small gas release. fatality. Potential loss of environmental amenity. (RM10M 100M)

Major
National Publicity. Port faces temporary closure of a navigation channel affecting movements to a port or ports for several days. Ensuing loss of trade. (RM10M 100M)

Major

Catastrophic

Catastrophic
International media publicity. Port closes, navigation seriously disrupted for an extended period. Serious and long term loss of trade. (RM100M+)

C4

Catastrophic
Multiple fatalities

Catastrophic
(RM100M+)

Tier 3 criteria oil spill reached with support from international clean up funds. Widespread beach contamination or serious chemical/gas release. Significant threat to environmental amenity. (RM100M+)

Risk Matrix
C4 5 4 3 6 5 3 7 6 4 8 7 6 10 9 8

CONSEQUENCE

C3 C2

C1

C0

FREQUENCY

F5

F4

F3

F2

F1

A suggested definition of the numbers in the matrix is as follows:


Risk Matrix 0&1 2&3 4&5 Negligible Risk Low risk The extent of the As Low As Reasonably Practicable area (ALARP) Heightened Risk Significant Risk High Risk. Description

6
7&8 9 & 10

Example of HAZID & The Mitigation measures needed to lower the risks to ALARP level
Hazard Assessment Most Likely Worst Likely Consequence Most likely consequence Worst Credible

People Property Environment Stakeholder's Business Frequency People Property Environment Stakeholder's Business Frequency

Possible causes

Bulk Carrier

Incoming vessels Large vessel blocked by in conflict vessels with anchored or anchored sailing out at vesel at the port entrance entrance

Hazard Detail

Hazard Title

Vessel Type

Remarks

Hazard No.

Category

Area

No.

Danger to vesels; Lost Uncontrolled anchoring contaiment of vessels; Fast sailing and vessels sailing by at port pollution; entrance personal injury

Major hull damage; port closure; lost of cargo; impair to 8 9 9 9 environment and surrounding area.

Port Entrance

Collision

7 8 8 9

Hazard Assessment Most Likely Worst Credible Properety Environme nt Stakeholde r's Business Properety Environme nt Stakeholde r's Business

No.

People

People

Description of Risk Control Options

Example of Mitigation

Example of a Risk item being reduced through mitigation


Hazard List with Risk Matrix Scoring and Mitigation Index
Pre Mitigation Risk Index Most Worst Likely Credible People Properety Environment Stakeholder's Business People Properety Environment Stakeholder's Business Post Mitigation Risk index Proposed Mitigation measures.

Most Likely

Worst Credible

Worst Likely Consequence

Most likely consequence

Reduction of Risk index People Properety Environment Stakeholder's Business People Properety Environment Stakeholder's Business reduce by 3 index

Tanker and Container ship Collision at approach channel Tanker collided by container ship due to Hazard Detail engine failure.

6 8

Engine failure while at channe l. Bad weathe r conditi ons.

Call for tug assistanc e. Minor damage to the two vessels.

Likely explosion. Serious damage 1 1 4 5 6 2 8 9 to 0 vessels. Pollutions .

Improved VTS system. tugs to secure and tow immobilised vessel away. Tugs of higher bollard pull. Met & Hydro info live. vetting of ships.

Consider escort for critical 0 1 2 3 0 5 6 7 ships while on passage in channel.

no remarks.

Collision

Mitigation remarks

Possible causes

Hazard No. Category Area Vessel Type Hazard Title

Ranked No.

Remarks

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