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Design Quality

Design Qualities
Design process needs high standards of quality how much better the one is than the other??

Quality cannot be measured in absolute Scale.
- construction quality (How it is made?) - aesthetic value ( physical appearance) - fit for purpose(comfortable, serves the purpose?) Software
construction quality? - software is not manufactured

aesthetic value?

- most of the software is invisible - user interface (marginal concern)

fit for purpose?

- Understand the purpose of customers

Fitness for Purpose

Predict how well the software will fit its purpose

Measure the relationship between software and its

application domain

Assessing Design Quality

Objects are measured in terms of Physical Properties

like length, weight, mass etc (ratio scales)

Ordinal scale elements can be ranked

is concerned with capturing information about attributes of entities (Pfleeger,1997)

Framework for Assessment

Quality concepts - abstract ideas about good and

bad properties of a system.

Design attributes - provide a set of characteristics of

the design entities (metrics).

Counts - realizing the design attributes

Measuring Quality

Fuller Mapping

Use - identifies the purpose of making measurements. quality factors - determine the quality concepts that

are associated with the purpose (ilities).

quality criteria - relate the requirements-oriented

properties of the intended system (the ilities) to the solution-oriented properties of the design.

Mapping from Quality Factors to Quality Criteria

The Goal of fitness for purpose needed to recognize

the nature of the problem and its domain.

Efficiency - greater importance(embedded control

system) Reliability Lesser importance than other factors Aircraft autopilot - Lesser

The ilities
The ilities form a group of quality factors - assess

design quality.

Reliability Efficiency Maintainability Usability

Designer predicts How the system works?

completeness - does it do everything it is supposed to do? (e.g. handle all possible inputs) consistency - does it always behave as expected? (e.g. repeatability) robustness - does it behave well under abnormal conditions? (e.g. resource failure)

Efficiency & Maintainability

resources like processor time, memory, network access, system facilities, disk space etc. Maintainability
How easy will it be to modify in the future?
perfective, adaptive, corrective

How easy is it to use?

user interface (HumanComputer Interaction, or HCI)

will form an important component

Cognitive Dimensions framework

It gives design principles for notations, user interfaces

and programming language design.

It provide a set of discussion tools -


quality concepts.
It provide a way in which some evaluation can be

done by the designers themselves


Green dimensions