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Two day Workshop on Matlab

Introduction
Cleve molar in 1984, Mathworks inc Introduced as a simulation tool Supports Graphical Programming Can be interfaced with other High Level languages

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Applications

Aerospace Biometrics Medical Finance Control System Signal,Image,Audio and Video Neural networks,Fuzzy logic Animation
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List of Companies

ADOBE (Photoshop) NASA GE L&T ROBERT BOSCH PEPSI , COCACOLA (Neuro Marketing)

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File Extensions
.fig

MATLAB Figure
.m MATLAB function, script, or class .mat MATLAB binary file for storing variables .mex MATLAB executable (platform specific, e.g. ".mexmac" for the Mac, ".mexglx" for Linux, etc.) .p MATLAB content-obscured .m file (result of pcode() )
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Difference between C and Matlab



Matlab is Proprietary compiler,C has open source. Inbuilt Functions in Matlab(Application Oriented). User friendly syntax. Fourth generation Programming Language tool.

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Desktop Tools

Command Window type commands Workspace view program variables clear to clear double click on a variable to see it in the Array Editor Command History view past commands save a whole session using diary Launch Pad access tools, demos and documentation

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Command window

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Change the current working directory

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Arithmetic operators
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12)
plus - Plus + uplus - Unary plus + minus - Minus uminus - Unary minus mtimes - Matrix multiply * times - Array multiply .* mpower - Matrix power ^ power - Array power .^ mldivide - Backslash or left matrix divide \ mrdivide - Slash or right matrix divide / ldivide - Left array divide .\ rdivide - Right array divide ./

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Relational operators
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)
eq ne lt gt le ge - Equal - Not equal - Less than - Greater than - Less than or equal - Greater than or equal == ~= < > <= >=

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Logical operators
1) Short-circuit logical AND && 2) Short-circuit logical OR || 3) and - Element-wise logical AND & 4) or - Element-wise logical OR | 5) not - Logical NOT ~ 6) xor - Logical EXCLUSIVE OR 7) any - True if any element of vector is nonzero 8) all - True if all elements of vector are nonzero

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BITWISE OPERATORS
1) 2) 3) 4)
5) 6) 7) 8)
bitand bitcmp bitor bitmax - Bit-wise AND. - Complement bits. - Bit-wise OR. - Maximum floating point integer. bitxor - Bit-wise XOR. bitset - Set bit. bitget - Get bit. bitshift - Bit-wise shift.

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Vectors
a = [1 2 3 4 5 6 9 8 7] ; t = 0:2:20 t = 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20

b=a+2
b = 3 4 5 6 7 8 11 10 9

c=a+b c = 4 6 8 10 12 14 20 18 16

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Matrices
B = [1 2 3 4;5 6 7 8;9 10 11 12] ;

B=1234 5678 9 10 11 12
C = B'

C=159 2 6 10 3 7 11 4 8 12

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Basic matrix operators


X = inv(E) ;%INVERSE OF THE MATRIX [A,H] = eig(E) %eigen value &vector p = poly(E) %polynomial c = abs(y) ; D=min(a); D=max(a);

Convolution
x = [1 2]; y = [1 4 8]; z = conv(x,y) [xx, R] = deconv(z,y)

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PLOT
t=0:0.25:7; y = sin(t); plot(t,y) ; xlabel('x axis'); ylabel('y axis'); title('Heading'); grid on; gtext('text');

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IF LOOP
a=6; if a > 6 disp('a is greater'); elseif a==0 disp('a is zero');

else
disp('a is smaller'); end
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FOR LOOP
a=5; for i=1:5 a=a+1 end disp(a); ANS a =10

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While Loop
a=5; while a < 10 a=a+1; end disp(a);

Ans a =10

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Function
function c=add(a,b); c=a+b; return Main a=5; b=6; c=add(a,b); disp(c); d=mul(a,b); disp(d);

function c=mul(a,b); c=a*b; return

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SWITCH CASE
method = 'Bilinear'; switch lower(METHOD) case {'linear','bilinear'} disp('Method is linear') case 'cubic' disp('Method is cubic') case 'nearest' disp('Method is nearest') otherwise disp('Unknown method.') end Ans Method is linear
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SWITCH (NUMERICAL)
a=input('enter---->'); switch a case 1 fprintf('one'); case 2 fprintf('two'); case 3 fprintf('three'); case 4 fprintf('four'); otherwise fprintf('otherwise'); end

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How to read an image


a =imread('cameraman.tif'); imshow(a); pixval on; a =imread('flowers.tif'); imshow(a); pixval on;

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How to read an audio file


a =wavread('test.wav'); wavplay(a,44100); Plot(a);

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How to read an video file


a=aviread('movie.avi'); movie(a);

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Add two images


I = imread('rice.tif'); J = imread('cameraman.tif'); K = imadd(I,J,'uint16'); imshow(K,[])

I = imread('rice.tif'); J = imadd(I,50); subplot(1,2,1), imshow(I) subplot(1,2,2), imshow(J)

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Subtract two images


I = imread('rice.tif'); Iq = imsubtract(I,50); subplot(1,2,1), imshow(I) subplot(1,2,2), imshow(Iq)

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Convert image to gray and binary


clc; clear; close all a= imread('flowers.tif'); subplot(2,2,1); imshow(a); subplot(2,2,2); b=imresize(a,[256 256]); imshow(b); subplot(2,2,3); c=rgb2gray(b); imshow(c); subplot(2,2,4); d=im2bw(c); imshow(d);

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RGB component
a=imread('flowers.tif'); subplot(2,2,1); imshow(a); R=a; G=a; B=a; R(:,:,2:3)=0; subplot(2,2,2); imshow(R); G(:,:,1)=0; G(:,:,3)=0; subplot(2,2,3); imshow(G); B(:,:,1)=0; B(:,:,2)=0; subplot(2,2,4); imshow(B);

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Convert Image into One dimensional


a = imread('cameraman.tif');
[r c]=size(a); Len=r*c; b=reshape(a,[1 Len]);
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CONVER MOVIE TO FRAMES


file=aviinfo('movie1.avi'); % to get inforamtaion abt video file frm_cnt=file.NumFrames % No.of frames in the video file str2='.bmp' h = waitbar(0,'Please wait...'); for i=1:frm_cnt frm(i)=aviread(filename,i); % read the Video file frm_name=frame2im(frm(i)); % Convert Frame to image file frm_name=rgb2gray(frm_name);%convert gray filename1=strcat(strcat(num2str(i)),str2); imwrite(frm_name,filename1); % Write image file waitbar(i/frm_cnt,h) end close(h)

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CONVERT FRAMES TO MOVIES


frm_cnt=5; number_of_frames=frm_cnt; filetype='.bmp'; display_time_of_frame=1; mov = avifile('MOVIE.avi'); count=0; for i=1:number_of_frames name1=strcat(num2str(i),filetype); a=imread(name1); while count<display_time_of_frame count=count+1; imshow(a); F=getframe(gca); mov=addframe(mov,F); end count=0; end mov=close(mov);

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How to read a text file


fid = fopen('message.txt','r'); ice1= fread(fid); s = char(ice1'); fclose(fid); disp(s); Ans

hello

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How to write a text file


txt=[65 67 68 69]; fid = fopen('output.txt','wb'); fwrite(fid,char(txt),'char'); fclose(fid); ANS =ACDE

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Store an Image,Audio
a =imread('cameraman.tif'); imwrite(a,'new.bmp'); a=wavread('test.wav'); wavwrite(d,44100,16,'nTEST.WAV');

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SAVE AND LOAD THE VARIABLE


A=5; save A A; load A
B=1; C=A+B; disp(C);
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Wavelet transform
a =imread('cameraman.tif'); [LL LH HL HH]=dwt2(a,'haar'); Dec=[... LL,LH HL,HH ... ]; imshow(Dec,[]);
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DCT transform
a=imread('cameraman.tif'); subplot(1,3,1);imshow(a,[]); b=dct2(a); subplot(1,3,2);imshow(b,[]);title('DCT'); c=idct2(b); subplot(1,3,3);imshow(c,[]);title('IDCT');

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NOISE AND FILTER

I = imread('eight.tif'); J = imnoise(I,'salt & pepper',0.02); K = medfilt2(J); subplot(1,2,1);imshow(J) subplot(1,2,2);imshow(K)

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GUI

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DIALOG BOX
warndlg('hello'); helpdlg('hello'); errordlg('hello');

msgbox('hello');

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ButtonName=questdlg('What is your wish?', ... 'Genie Question', ... 'Food','Clothing','Money','Money'); switch ButtonName, case 'Food', disp('Food is delivered'); case 'Clothing', disp('The Emperor''s new clothes have arrived.') case 'Money', disp('A ton of money falls out the sky.'); end % switch

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USER INTERFACE GET FILE


[filename, pathname] = uigetfile('*.m', 'Pick an M-file'); if isequal(filename,0) | isequal(pathname,0) disp('User pressed cancel') else disp(['User selected ', fullfile(pathname, filename)]) end

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USER INTERFACE PUT FILE


[filename, pathname] = uiputfile('*.m', 'Pick an M-file'); if isequal(filename,0) | isequal(pathname,0) disp('User pressed cancel') else disp(['User selected ', fullfile(pathname, filename)]) end

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GUI

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GUI

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MENU BAR

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PUSH BUTTON

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TOGGLE BUTTON

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RADIO BUTTON

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CHECKBOX

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EDIT TEXT

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STATIC TEXT

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SLIDER

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FRAME

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LISTBOX

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POPUP MENU

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AXES

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ALIGN OBJECTS

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MENU EDITOR

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M FILE EDITOR

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PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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RUN

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EMPTY GUI

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GENERATED M FILE

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PUSH BUTTON

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RIGHT CLICK PUSH BUTTON & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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CHANGE THE STRING AND TAG VALUE

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CHANGE THE STRING AND TAG VALUE

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RIGHT CLICK PUSH BUTTON & GO FOR M FILE EDITOR

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GO FOR CALLBACK

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK


a =imread('cameraman.tif'); imshow(a);

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RUN THE PROGRAM OR PRESS F5

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CHOOSE AXES

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CHOOSE AXES

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RIGHT CLICK AXES & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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CHANGE THE STRING AND TAG VALUE

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK a =imread('cameraman.tif');


axes(handles.one); imshow(a);

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RUN THE PROGRAM

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CODE
a =imread('cameraman.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a);

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TOGGLE BUTTON

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RIGHT CLICK TOGGLE & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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CHANGE THE STRING AND TAG VALUE

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RIGHT CLICK TOGGLE & GO FOR M FILE EDITOR

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK


a=get(hObject,'Value'); if a ==1 a =imread('cameraman.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); else a =imread('greens.jpg'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); end

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RUN THE PROGRAM

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RIGHT CLICK RADIO BUTTON & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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CHANGE THE STRING AND TAG VALUE

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RIGHT CLICK CHECK BOX & GO FOR MFILE EDITOR

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK

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RUN THE PROGRAM

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RIGHT CLICK CHECK BOX & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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CHANGE THE STRING AND TAG VALUE

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RIGHT CLICK CHECK BOX & GO FOR M FILE EDITOR

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK

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RUN THE PROGRAM

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RIGHT CLICK FRAME & SEND TO BACK

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RUN THE PROGRAM

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RIGHT CLICK LIST BOX & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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EDIT THE STRING OPTIONS

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RIGHT CLICK LIST BOX & GO FOR M FILE EDITOR

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contents = get(hObject,'Value')

WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK

switch contents
case 1 a =imread('cameraman.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); case 2 a =imread('flowers.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); case 3 a =imread('rice.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); otherwise a =imread('mri.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); end

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CHOOSE POPUPMENU

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RIGHT CLICK POPUP MENU & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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EDIT THE STRING OPTIONS

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WRITE THE CODE


contents = get(hObject,'Value')

switch contents
case 1 a =imread('cameraman.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); case 2 a =imread('flowers.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); case 3 a =imread('rice.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); otherwise a =imread('mri.tif'); axes(handles.one); imshow(a); end

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RIGHT CLICK EDIT TEXT & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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EDIT STRING AND TAG

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RIGHT CLICK EDIT TEXT & GO FOR M FILE EDITOR

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RIGHT CLICK AXES & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK


a=get(hObject,'String') ; b=char(a); c=imread(b); axes(handles.one); imshow(c);

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RIGHT CLICK STATIC TEXT & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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CHANGE THE STRING AND TAG VALUE

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK


a=get(hObject,'String') ; set(handles.t1,'String',a); b=char(a); c=imread(b); axes(handles.one); imshow(c);

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SLIDER

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RIGHT CLICK SLIDER & GO FOR PROPERTY INSPECTOR

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DROP TWO AXES

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DROP PUSH BUTTON

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CHANGE THE STRING AND TAG VALUE

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GO FOR CALLBACK

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK


[filename, pathname] = uigetfile('*.bmp', 'Pick an Image'); if isequal(filename,0) | isequal(pathname,0) warndlg('User pressed cancel') else a=imread(filename); axes(handles.axes1); imshow(a); handles.filename=filename; guidata(hObject, handles); end

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RIGHT CLICK SLIDER & GO FOR M FILE EDITOR

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WRITE THE CODE BELOW THE CALLBACK

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RUN THE PROGRAM

a=get(hObject,'Value'); filename =handles.filename; I = imread(filename); J = imadd(I,50); axes(handles.axes2); imshow(J)

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MENU EDITOR

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EDIT STRING AND TAG

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RUN

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Counting the Number of Objects in an Image


clc; clear; close all; InputImage=imread('eight.tif'); subplot(2,2,1); imshow(InputImage);title('InputImage'); BinaryImage=im2bw(InputImage); subplot(2,2,2); imshow(BinaryImage); ComplementImage=imcomplement(BinaryImage); subplot(2,2,3); imshow(ComplementImage); HolesClearedImage = imfill(ComplementImage,'holes'); subplot(2,2,4); imshow(HolesClearedImage);title('HolesClearedImage'); [L,Num] = bwlabel(HolesClearedImage) for i=1:Num figure; imshow(L==i); pause(1) end

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Thresholding Based SegmentationCon 1



clc; clear; close all; InputImage=imread('34.bmp'); figure; imshow(InputImage); ColourSpaceConversion=rgb2hsv(InputImage); imshow(ColourSpaceConversion); %GrayScaleImage=rgb2gray(ColourSpaceConversion); GrayScaleImage=ColourSpaceConversion(:,:,1); [rows columns planes]=size(GrayScaleImage); BinaryMask= GrayScaleImage > 0.5; figure; imshow(BinaryMask); Impixelinfo h = waitbar(0,'Please wait...'); SegmentedImage=[];
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Cont 2
for i=1:rows for j=1:columns if BinaryMask(i,j) == 1 SegmentedImage(i,j,1)=InputImage(i,j,1); SegmentedImage(i,j,2)=InputImage(i,j,2); SegmentedImage(i,j,3)=InputImage(i,j,3); else SegmentedImage(i,j,1)=0; SegmentedImage(i,j,2)=0; SegmentedImage(i,j,3)=0; end end waitbar(i/rows,h) end SegmentedImage=uint8(SegmentedImage); figure; imshow(SegmentedImage); impixelinfo;

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Image Fusion
clc; clear; close all; M1=imread('mri.jpg'); M2=imread('ct.jpg'); subplot(2,2,1);imshow(M1);title('MRI'); subplot(2,2,2);imshow(M2);title('CT'); [R C P]=size(M1); for i=1:R for j=1:C if M1(i,j)>M2(i,j) FusedImage(i,j)=M1(i,j); else FusedImage(i,j)=M2(i,j); end end end

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Image fusion-Cont 2
subplot(2,2,3);imshow(FusedImage);title('Max'); for i=1:R for j=1:C if M1(i,j)>M2(i,j) FusedImage(i,j)=M2(i,j); else FusedImage(i,j)=M1(i,j); end end end subplot(2,2,4);imshow(FusedImage);title('Min');

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