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**REVIEW** The World During the French Revolution

5.1 Dawn of the Industrial Age THINK-PAIRSHARE: How did revolutions in America and France lead to uprisings in Latin America?

Vocabularies: anesthetic enclosure Drug that prevents pain during surgery. Process of taking over and combining land formerly owned by peasant farmers.

James Watt

Father of the Industrial Revolution. Scottish


engineer. Improved and made the steam engine more efficient.

smelt

Process of separating iron from its ore, allowed for less expensive & better-quality iron.

The shift, beginning in England in the 18th century, from making goods by hand to making them by machine.

I. Life Changes as Industry Spreads

1750s Rural way of life


Used handmade tools Lived in cottages lit by firelight and candles Made clothes, grew food, exchanged goods at markets Traveled on foot or by horses
Country villages grew to industrial towns and cities Bought clothes and food Traveled by train or steamship New inventions and scientific firsts poured out each year

1850s Rural way of life DISAPPEARS

SEWING MACHINE

TELEPHONE

TRANSATLANTIC CABLE

I. Life Changes as Industry Spreads 1750s Rural way of life Used handmade tools Lived in cottages lit by firelight and candles Made clothes, grew food, exchanged goods at markets Traveled on foot or by horses 1850s Rural way of life DISAPPEARS Country villages grew to industrial towns and cities Bought clothes and food Traveled by train or steamship New inventions and scientific firsts poured out each year

5.1 Dawn of the Industrial Age Why was the industrial revolution a turning point in world history? It changed: -how and where people lived -how they worked and traveled.

II. Agriculture Spurs Industry

II. Agriculture Spurs Industry


Farming methods improved, this led to population explosion.

JETHRO TULLS SEED DRILL

Population Explosion
England experiences huge increase in population in the late 1760s. More people need more food.

Britains population: 5 million to 8 million Europes population: 120 million to 180 million

Large landowners combine their property into enclosures land that is walled off.

Technology and new inventions made the British farmers the most productive in the world.

Many farm workers and small farmers lost jobs because they could not compete with large landowners. They migrated to towns and cities and formed the labor force that would work on machines of the Industrial Revolution.

5.1 Dawn of the Industrial Age Why was the industrial revolution a turning point in world history? It changed: -how and where people lived -how they worked and traveled.

II. Agriculture Spurs Industry -Farming methods improved, this led to population explosion. -JETHRO TULLS SEED DRILL

-England experiences huge increase in population in the late 1760s. -More people need more food.

5.1 Dawn of the Industrial Age -Britains population: 5 million to 8 million -Europes population: 120 million to 180 million How did an agricultural revolution contribute to the population growth?

People ate better and were healthier, which reduced death rates.

III. New Technology Becomes Key

III. New Technology Becomes Key


Steam power
Steam Engine was built for the increasing need of power

Steam Engine improved mining which increased metals

So how does a steam engine work?

5.1 Dawn of the Industrial Age -Britains population: 5 million to 8 million -Europes population: 120 million to 180 million How did an agricultural revolution contribute to the population growth?

People ate better and were healthier, which reduced death rates.

III. New Technology Becomes Key

IV. Energy of the Industrial Revolution


Iron was essential in the industrial revolution. Iron was used to make strong machines.

Coal could also be used to produce steam power.


British engineers learned that coal could be used for energy and carbon. It burned slowly and had the carbon needed to make iron.

5.1 Dawn of the Industrial Age IV. Energy of the Industrial Revolution -Iron was essential in the industrial revolution. Iron was used to make strong machines.

-British engineers learned that coal could be used for energy and carbon. It burned slowly and had the carbon needed to make iron.
-Coal could also be used to produce steam power.

V. Positives vs. Negatives


NEGATIVE, many workers die because of dangerous machinery POSITIVE The British used iron to build the worlds most powerful navy. This navy controlled the worlds oceans using coal for energy.

5.1 Dawn of the Industrial Age IV. Energy of the Industrial Revolution -Iron was essential in the industrial revolution. Iron was used to make strong machines.

-British engineers learned that coal could be used for energy and carbon. It burned slowly and had the carbon needed to make iron.
-Coal could also be used to produce steam power.

V. Positives vs. Negatives


POSITIVE -The British used iron to build the worlds most powerful navy. -This navy controlled the worlds oceans using coal for energy.

5.1 Dawn of the Industrial Age NEGATIVE

-many workers die because of dangerous machinery


What new technologies helped trigger the Industrial Revolution? What events helped bring about the industrial revolution?

Watts improved steam engine and better quality iron.

Agricultural Revolution population explosion new technologies/inventions

Industrial Revolution Inventions