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Dr Sara T
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HEALTH PLANNING
Process of defining community health problem , identifying unmet needs and surveying the resources to meet them , establishing priority goals that are realistic and feasible and projecting administrative action to accomplish the purpose of the proposed programme.

AIMS OF HEALTH PLANNING


Maintain and improve health status of a given community

OBJECTIVES
To provide health care for a given community according to their needs at a cost that community can afford.

HEALTH NEEDS
Deficiencies in health that call for preventive, curative, control or eradication measures

SIMPLE STEPS OF PLANNING


1. Where are we now ? Situational Analysis 2. Where we want to be ? Goals and Objectives

3. How will we reach there ? Activities , Monitoring


4. How will we know that we have reached there ? -

Evaluation

PRE - PLANNING
Preparation for planning all stakeholders involved.
1. Government interest strong political will
2. Legislation translation of health policies 3. Organization for planning - planners

4. Administrative capacity - coordination of activities

PLANNING CYCLE 8 steps


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Analysis of health situation Establishment of objectives and goals Assessment of resources Fixing priorities Write up of formulated plan Implementation Monitoring Evaluation

PLANNING CYCLE

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STEP 1

ANALYSIS OF HEALTH SITUATION


Data collection 1. Population 2. Statistics 3. Epidemiology and geographic distribution 4. Medical care facilities 5. Technical factors manpower , training facilities 6. Attitude of population
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STEP 2

ESTABLISHING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES


OBJECTIVES
Planned end point of all activities. (S.M.A.R.T.E.R.S)

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GOAL
Ultimate desired state towards which objectives and resources are directed Objectives and goals guide the efforts for good performance

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STEP 3

ASSESSMENT OF RESOURCES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Man power Money Material Time Skill / knowledge / techniques

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STEP 4

FIXING PRIORITIES
1.

2.
3. 4.

5.

Financial constraints Mortality and morbidity data Diseases prevented at low cost Saving lives of younger people Political and community interests Alternate plans
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STEP 5

WRITE UP OF FORMULATED PLAN


Plan : working guidance to all those responsible Each stage defined , costed and time specified.

5 Elements
1. Objectives 2. Policies

3. Programmes
4. Schedules 5. Budget
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Programme
Sequence of activities

Schedules
Time sequence for the work to be done

Procedures
Set of rules for carrying out work

Policies
Guiding principles

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STEP 6

IMPLEMENTATION
Defining roles and tasks

Manpower training and supervision


Organization and communication

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STEP 7

MONITORING
Day to day follow up of activities

Identifying deviations
Corrective action

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STEP 8

EVALUATION
Measures how much output is achieved Degree to which objectives and targets are fulfilled

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HEALTH PLANNING IN PAKISTAN


Ministry of Health , Government of Pakistan In Collaboration with Multi-donor Support Unit (MSU) developed District Health Planning Manual in 2002 to build capacity of District Health Managers and District Health Management Teams in area of planning for health services in the districts.
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1) Plan the planning 2) Review of Policy guidelines

3) Situational Analysis
4) Review of Resource availability 5) Developing Interventions

6) Setting plan Objectives and Targets


7) Determination of Resource Requirement 8) Adjusting the Management and Organization system 9) Preparing the Budget 10) Developing the Plan Of Operations 11) Planning for Monitoring and Evaluation
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THANKYOU

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